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SPE

Society of Petroleum Engineers

SPE 23707
New Experience with Electrical Submersible Pumps in Heavy Oil
Crude
L. Sortolin and E. Uzcategui, Maraven, SA
SPE Member

Copyright 1992, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Inc

This paper was presented at the Second Latin American Petroleum Engineering Conference, II LAPEC, of the Society of Petroleum Engineers held in Caracas, Vene2lJela, March 8-11, 1992

This paper was selected for presentation by an SPE Program Committee following review of information contained in an abstract submitted by the author(s). Contents of the paper as presented
have not been reviewed by the II LAPEC or the SPE and are subject. to correction ~y the author(s). The material, ~s presented, does not necessarily reflect any position of the II LAPEC or the SPE:
Its officers, or members. Papers presented at SPE meetings are sublect to publication review by Editonal Committees 01 the Society of Petroleum Engineers. Permission to copy is restricted to an
abstract of not more than 300 won:ts. Illustrations may not be copi~d. The abstract should contain conspicuous acknowledgment of wherB and by whom the paper is presented.
Write Publications Manager, SPE, P.D.Box 833836 Richardson D: 75083-3836 U.S.A. Telex 730989 SPEDAL

r
I

Q:>ti mi zation of li fti ng mt:hoci; has been. used


in the oil indtEtry to study roth the oil well
-orod'lCtion and to detennine a c:a.tpmys optinal
j r lVes1::rre1.t rolicies.
'!he hlcper o::Ets t:eL~ted with new fadlities and
arti ficial li ft installaticns for new field;
have created the ne::essi ty to rev:i e.I the latest
tedllnlogy availaole
from diffen:nt lifting
matmds, especially from the electrical supmarsjble p.lITp (ESP).

rave been plblisted in the area of


heavy crude on yrocb:::tim cptimizaticn using
Es?'s as a lifting mth::rl. '!his l?ClJ?er describes
the results of a project pp.rfontEd jn two
diffen:nt fields and will study the parfornance
of the e:ru:i!;llBlt and the t:elated apllcatien
range. The equi p!lB.1.t studied was installed in
catpletims to depths ranging from 6000 to 11000
feet, ..n th :m.rle gravi ties on the order of L5 to
21. AoI and b.::>tt:c::xrtnle 1:eIlperatures ab:Jve 180 of.
Fe.., studies

9:>ma CO'lClusi oos have s}n.n that the l=S? SJUi p5i mi lar crudes -Iii th even
1::1.4& API's, despj te a redlCtion in the PUilP'S
effj cj encl. 'iIi gr.er flui d pro1ucti en rates are
also P')Sslble t') aclrieve.

men t can perfonn in

'Ttti s snrveyand s:lPp-:>rting- data ,~nl cn1.firm the


s'IDrersible f.lllYl> to be an alternative rretlnd for
lifting heavy crude oil from relatively deep
:resenoi rs.
INrl(llCI'ICN

Pro<i:lCtion of heavy crude on using the liS?


~ferences

and

lluc;tratioos at end of paper.

mtind appears to be an attractive alternative


far wells wi th hlgh production :rates wh=re surface facHj ti es for gas li ft and other artifidal li ft m"\:b:)ds are not available.
The eI1aluation of the EEP systerlS fucused on
two fields, M!\m and 13ARJA-MJrAT1\N. '!he ~
field, located norttwest of :take Maracaibo, was
tested in the cretaceous Fbrrratien. Five-wells
p:rodlx::e cnXie oj 1 wi th a gravi ty on the order
of 15 API. tells located in this area have
been shut in for 1on,J feriods dJ.e to narket
eanoorl cs and li mi. tati oos. 0Jer a :Y63X ag:> the
well.s were :re-qa:ted dle to incI:ea.Sed prod.lctim :requ:irenents.
rue to the fields' irte~ar prodlction, a st:udy;.ras ferlomend
to
determine an acx::eptable li fting rretlnd far
these wells. R=Sul ts indicated the ES? to be
m:st appropiate rcetind of artificial lift.

'!he BARJA-MJI'M'I-\N field located soo.theast of


take Maracaibo, was :re-activated in 1951. rurj ng start up, the;.rells were originally produced
wi th CJlS lift as the mtiDd ::>f artifidal lift.
Tod:I.y 42 wells producing crude oil with gravitie; on the order of 18 to 21 p,pI ate (>rodlcinq and requiere 70 M>'l. scfd to naintaln the
prodlction. I-bNever, the g;lS cnxp:ression capacity is not available.
A ted:lrti cal and eonni c study to provi de the
desimd CJlS lift system revealed this '!idS not
.3.n ea:nomical solution.
An E9? s~tem (lIDvided
a note appn:priate mthod fur eliminating the
g2.s cx:xnpressim capaci ty :requirem:nts, whHe
tTBJd mi zj ng the :reser'lOj r' .5 :recovery w.i th a
S] gli fj cant redlcti en in the Nells'
:f1.o..li ng
lnttollix>le pmssure.

Testi ng tte i n.Stallatio.l desi glS and related


EqU.l[Xl81t in these field:; with gravities en the
onier of 15 to 21 WI allcwed tte operator to
(1) eval,J,'I.te the 5~tern a:.xtpnents and (2)

S?E 23707

determine the c:xxtpXlent's range of applkatioo


and p::>tentia1 for ~ng future rea.vy crude
oU reservoirs.
B:lSed <n this, two punp; were installed in
the Mt\PA and BARl!\-MJrATAN Fields.

lx>th

'!he four ESP o:::&rp1etioos installed are located


in different areas near rake M3raca:ilx> (Rig. 1).
Tmse areas are ~ MUl\ and l3AlU\.-MCIl'ATAN
fields, each with different reservoir cooditioos.
In ~ case of the ~ Field, five wells are
curr:ently prodl.x:inq from the eret.acecu; forma.tien with lIPl gravities of 15 }pl. TOO productioo med1an.ism for this ~ir is a solutioo
g:LS dri ve; the proWoed flui d vi scxx::i ty is on
the order of 26 - 35 CFS at 180 OF, ~4h:i le the
average well depth and lx>ttonOOle teJxt:erature
are 1)980 feet and 180 OF (Tcilile 1).
.
~ \\'aile;

were selected for the project from the


M!l.RA Field. prj or to cmpletion, roth wells
were naturally prodlcing, 'While experiencing
scma difficulty in production rue "to the pm.;sure dEcline. 'lhese wells had "to be slut in en
several OCXBSicns in orOer to a.l.lJ::M the wells to
bu:i ld l.l> pressure, so they could then be opE!Il.rl
and pn:xb:ed for anot:ler p:!riod. P.rodlction for
':~ll A was 430 aID wi th a water cut of 6% and a
Gas Oil Rltio (GOR) of 600 sef/bbl. PrOductien
for 'Nell B r,,;as 10 30 :aID wi th a water cut of 7%
and a (DR of 800 sef/bbl.

R:!Servoir exnditicns d:laracterlzing the .aro:uAMOl'Mm Field c::an:eEPOTld to an"!'.bCene resenoir


wlEre 42 active we1.lS are p:roc:ilcing crude oil
wi th qravi ti es en the order of 18 to 21 oPEl.
The prodlx::ti.on nechanism is through :r:oc:k and
fluid exp:msioo. 'l1E fluid visasi ty ranges between 1.80 and 8.52 ~ at 233 OF. The average
well depths are 9500 feet (Table 2).
From this fi eld, two addi tiooal wells 'Here selected for the project. &ich well was a:::nsuming
aromd 3MM sefd of injectien g:LS. Productioo
of ~~ll c was 1500 BID wi th a wataI' rut of 8%
and a CDR of 320 scf/bbl. "PrOdx:tien for -;.ell 0
was 2500 BID 'Iii th a water rut of 12% and CDR of
130 scflbbl.
Cl:XlSidering the prodI.x:tien data, reservoir data
and types of OOI.1l>letims, different desig:lS were
1IB.de for each well. Pro<ilctien rates. rel..,.ted to
these wells area listed below:

t~ll

Desi'.19"
ProdJctim
(13/0)

.Acx::ordi ng to the respecti ve data for each well,


four COITpletioos and their exxtp:nents were desi gwd usi tlt:J the sane cri teri a. Cl:>ap:nents used
in the four insta.ll.a.tioos were specified accordi ng to the o:ndi ticns of the well, a:nsiderin:} the 1a-1 gravi ty and the dl1ticip:tted
effect on the p:mp';; p:!rfumance. From thi s,
t:I"e wells were carpleted wi th the fol.lo.Jjng
cx:xrp:nents (Fig. 2).
Sl'RIlG CXH'QBfI'S
M:>tor:

'Ibree-phase,
Di-p:>le, operanti1l.l at
3500 rpm in 60 Hz s}5tens.

seal:

IJJcated betNeen the rotor and tl-Je pm:p


stori ng tha notor ai 1.

Gas sep3rator:
Punp:

PSI:

cpti ooal.

MIlti-sta~d

CBntrifugll.

M:sSures oottonOOle

plESSl.lI:e

and tem-

perature.

Cbntroller: Or variable speed drive (Vs ,works


as an q;eratimal o:ntroiler Nh:i le
acting as a protective sy;tem for
the ci:::wllDle 9:lUi fUB'lt.
Transforrta'S: Vary t:I"e voltage needed for

notor.

the

!fu:>..re t:I"e surface cable is a:nnected to the cbmlnle cable.

Jootion BllC:

well A
'!his well '.4'as to be the first installatioo of
the ES? EqUiplBlt. Ole to this, tha na;t dCOlrate and reliable data. avai lable was dlasen in
order to pravi de a gxXi desi gn. T~ p:!rformance of the pri nary energy system \.\BS verified
so that no o.robl.ens VlUl.d be presented by the
eqWfUB'lt aurin:} start up. 'Ihe o::npnents
desiCJ1ed for this well a:::nsisted of the folis.lN-

ing:
M:>tnr: 260 HP
PImp: XX--4800, 102 sta.9=S

('ab1.e: 'it 1 lbund

Cbntroller:

3300 volts

~tor
seal ~oo

Gas
A

3800

5000

2500

5000

Adli tiooal detai Is of the producti en

are sto.m in 'Iable 3.

paraneters

The ES? installation was desi <]led to ~rodx:e


3800 BID at 60 Hz. en start up, prodI.x:tien 1IaS
on ~ order of 1600 aiD. '!his m.?:r:esented
a
gah in prodJctim of UOO BID OJI.1pired to the
430 13/0 procbced wi th natural fl.o4. Altb:>ugh
t:l"ere was an increa..c;e in prodJctian., otlv::!r prrameters such as water cut and CDR were not affected. Becduse of the l.o.i flui d prod!x::ti 00

SPE 23707

obt:a:ined, nnd oorrpar.i ng trus resultant productim rate to the desigl/de;jred prodx:tioo. rate,
tests were onducted jn the fjeld. These tests
ens:i sted :in me:'1'5urem:nts of paraneters such as
m:>tor~, g:lS produced and the d}Oaltti c
fluid level. ~ults indicated that values for
the notor amperage and the g:!S prodooed were
';7ithin the llmits set by the d:s:i9'l. H::Mever,
the dyamic fluid level was fOlnd to be higJ:er
th=i:'l antidp3.ted. '1h:is indicated that the J:UTP
tYaS n0t handl:i ng
the prodootion as j t sOOuld
mve. 'F':i gure 3 sJ-o..1s the total volune the pmp
slDuld handle p& the ~:icp and the mlume that
was r.:J('O(b::ed. l\ cause fur th:is la.'ier-thanelCPE!Cted perfbmance could be :related to the
c:t'11<i:!'S qrav.i ty.
'Ih:is js dre to the fact that
-.men the crnpletion and ~ts were d:sjg:ted,
r.he PtlRP'S p:>.rfo:rm:J1Ce curves used TlUSt be cxrrectedNi th a factor cxr:resp:nding to the crude's
v.iscosity. 'Iak.ing th:is into acoomt, the correction factor cuuld be the rn3.c;cn whya.cbla1 prodlctioo. ';7as not up to the des:i9'l eo.xpectati015.
An anal:>sis of the p;lrfornence curve s:town :in
F:i gn:e 4 indicates WM:re the acbBl production
is and wtere it slnuld be aanrding to the de51 qn. Ba,<;ed on these values, an eff:iciency factor was calcn1.?tted for the p&fonnance of the
sy:;tem. Thls \..ell's effidency resulted:in an
effidency factnr 43 %.
From the graIil, j t can
be seen th=it the rmP was \>IOrki ng 01 a (bm
thrust ccndi ti 01. '!hi 5 perfonnance causes an
p..xcessive wearing of the p.mp while creating
v.i.,rati015 that nay fatigue the shaft along the
purrp, or p::;6si!:lly result in seal dartage.

l\fter 72 day:; of (X)t'1tiU1.lOllS evaluation of the


q.llp'lalt, the installati01. fai led indicating an
"underload" o:ndition. ~'lhen the E9' was pllled,
an inspectioo. detected a rupture of the shaft at
~ level, wi th no s:i q1s of debri s.
A. solution suggested ..as to res:ize the p.mp, and

aqain study its pp.rforrrance, in order to ob:;erve


the effect of the 0 lIPI grav.ity whlle try.:i ng to
correlate carrectioo. factors ,;7] th :res1J.lts 0btai ned from the fi eld.
~B

me equi p:rmt used


j ng conp:>.'lents:

jn

thl swell t:as

~ptor:

360 HP

~~OOO, 84&a~

the folla.'i-

Olble: N 1 fbl.lnd
()')ntroller: 3300 \1::>lts
Gas Senarator
~l sectioo.
'The desi 9'l nroduct:i en for thls 'liell "..ms 5000 P.(D
at 60 H~. After the jnstallatiol'l, the productim \vas on the order of 2100 SID. '!he increase
j n procb:::tioo 'vas on the order of 1070 BID comorred to 1030 BID obta:iaed \;71 th natural flOfl.
'ihe -.yater cut and ~R pararreters d:i d not change
';7ith t:ba qajn in prodJctioo. R>r this '!lel1,
tests were also o:ndlcted dIe to the 1.04 productim. 'feSt results il')d:icated that the values
rreasured for t;.'1e fIObr a.rnp::rage and <JiS tm::)(lu~d
'tlere simi lar to tlnse calculated i n t:ha on g:i nal
d:sjqn.
O1ce ag:rin the dYlamic fluid level was
hi qher thaI') anti d p:1 ted. F.i -;Jure 5 hdi cates
the total volurre that the purtp sh::luld handle,
:lc::x:nrdinq to the de;icp, and corrpares j t to '.rmt

was actua1l.y prod:Iced. The dif:fe:rerx:e in m-

unes is ~uately 6500 BID. ~ A and B


am prodtcing the same ~v.ity of crude, and i t
can be seen that l:x:>th pr:odrtioo. performances
are similar.

Q:nsidering the ~h in F.i gum 6, and c0mparing l:x:>th product:im rates, the efficiency of
the s.)lStem msul ts in a 31% efficiency :f.act.ar.
In adii tim, the acbBl productioo. is lcx::ated
on the left side of the <bNn t:hrust cx:ndition,
jndicating '{XXl'r plIllp perfornance.
ruring a sjx nmth evaluatim period, the
EqUlf1.l.l"lnt presented a faUum of the cable
whi d1 bu6.ed and had to be :replaced.
'It> jncrease fluid productioo. and plIllp efficiencyof the sJlStem in this well, a suggestion
..,as rrade to resIze the J:UTP as in Well At and
ag9..in evaluate the ~nn:mce to better understand heM the crude s grav.i ty :influence:; the
ES?
New cxrrection factors from acbBl field
futa could also be calculated.
.

...uc
This well was the first of the two ES? :instal]atirns jn the area of B!UUA-MJIM'1\N. '!he
EqUlf"lBlt installed has the fo1J..c:wing sp:!Cificatirns:
225 HI?
}Q{-3200, 96 Stages
N" 1 RJUnd
VSO:
300 KVA
Gas 9!para tor
seal section

'lbe d:sicp calculated for th:is case slrwed. the


. ..;rell to be capable of prodI.d ng 2500
Eblla.'ijng start!.:p, the well was tested and
prodJctioo. was found to be in the range of
1700 Wo. The ioc:rease in prodlction WdS only
200 BID wlEa cnIplred to that obtained w:i th g3S
l:i ft. No changes ..,ere ob:;erved in the other
proructim pararreters.

wo.

In th:i s well we had the capabi l:i ty to vary


prodlctim rates throUIh the use of a variable
speed dri ve.
lblever, even at a higher frecuency for which it was desi 9'led, production
:reua:ined at 1700 BID. rue to these circumsta~, tests -.vere agtin o:nducted :in the
field t> rre:lSure pararreters such as voltages,
notor anq:erage, 916 p.rodlJced and the d}Oalttic
flul d level. Fbr the detectioo. and mn:i tori ng
of the d}Odmi.c flui d level, a 9:Uld * R tx:x:>l,
h:Eed on Nitrogen injectioo, was used. '!his
EqUlf.llB1t was ~e of na3Suring the fluid
level every tIo\U tlUnutes as the frequeocy increased on the vso. ~ults obtained fnxn aU
tests indicated that values were in the design
range except for the dYldIllic fluid level, which
was agajn found to be hi ~ than the value
calculated in the original design.

'!he purrp efficieoc:y in th:is well ..,dS calculared


to be 68%. Al tlnugh thl sis truch better than
in the fi cst two wells, there is sti 11 SOfie dev.iatim in the :results obtained in th:is d;siCJl.
Q1ce ag9..in, th:is oould be :related to the o:nditi015 of the pr::>ductim fluid (19 OWl), and
mrrection factor applied to the des:ign.

S?E 23707

~t of the p:oblens ~ted during the evaluation of the eqlli:ptent ~d at the surface jn
the VSD. A nuni:ler of ti nes the problem was related to 1:mned ci rrui t l::oard;. In the subsurface a:}Ui prent, the mrin problerr6 encoontered
were '.n th the cable and notor. TNO ES?'s were
installed in this!ie1.1. 1h the fi:tst installation the mtor burned out d1e to excessive
starts, as did the cable. lh the sElD'ld installation the cable -was d1anged fur a N 1 flat,
but the rrotor rerraj ned wi th the sane speci fi cations. After several nonths operantitXJ, the
cable burned near the splice with the l( 4 not:::>r

cable.

3.

Cbrrectien factors
p:tese1t true

4.

did not

a~3.tely

re-

p.mp parforn:an:::e.

D;::wn thrust exnditicns causes p.mp wear,


creating vibraticns cap:lble of callSing seal
daaage ::>r shaft fati g.Je along the fUIIP.

'!he authors wish to thank the individuals


were associated N'i th this project and

;o1m

MAPAvm,

S.A. for the p..nnission to p.lbUst:ed this pafeI'.

Q:nsi dari ng the gI:afh slnnn in F.i gure 7, the p.mp


:i s '~ng near i ts reo:::mrB1dad capaci ty range.

wenD

1. M)s:xJE:RA. IT2ELIS:

'!he e::[Ui{Xtent instal.led jn this well has

''Production Per:fu::::mm::e
in C':reta.ceoos 'iells of Mira Field", M:iracaibo, o:tober (1990) 20.

the

follari ng speci fi caticns:

lIIbtor:
PImp:

Oihle:
V9):

300 HP
XX-4000, 131 stages
N' 2 R>md
354 WA

G3S geplla tor


seal Se::ti en

2.

EGFP CCNSlL'lOJE:>, S.A: "StOOyof the B:lCEne


in B3r'Ja-r-Dtatan
Field", Caracas D.F.,
AUcpst (l~) 236.

3.

0' 'lOCI.jE, W.P.


NeW SUbmrsible
produced OJst."
at the 19a3 S?E
and Elchi bi ti on,

4.

CKSSIX, E.G:. "FX~rienc:e '.<Ii th Electric


9l1::rtersible runp for TeSting ~vy Oil ~
servoirs from Floating Drilling Vessels,"
paper on:: 5318 presented at the 1986 18th
Annual (JlC!, fboSton., ~<By 5-8.

'DSI

'lhis e::[Uip!Blt was desieped to pro<b:::e 5000 lVO.


After .the p.mp -was started, the well was tested
and slnwed to be prodJcinq 4500 EVD, w:i th no
change in the otl'ar prcXiuction p:iraneters.
The
aan ti mal fl['O<ilCti en, 'iI1hen conp:u:ed to that of
the original g:LS lift system, sl'o.led an increase
of approxirrately 2000 EVD.
A PSI m:njtoring
S15tem -was installed to antinoously m:njtor the
oottxx!h:>le pressure and t.er.lperatm:e. In adD tien,
a VSD was also installed so that the p.mp might
increa<;e its prodlCtivi ty range.
'It> date results indicate that the ~ is respnding as per
desi ql.. '!he d}tlaJl'd c flui d level, accnrding to
the PSI, -was found at the anticiy;a.ted level.
'!his -was also coofirnal t:hr:>ugh the use of SOlO1oqs.

'!be efficiency calculated fur this well's p:mp


515tem is a:l the order of 90%. Mal16is of the
perfurna.nce curve slnm jn Fi<pre 8 indicates
that the pmp is lJrki ng in the recxmrended
range at 70 ~.
Olri ng the evaluation of the ES2, seve:al pmblem; were presented in the VSO _dle to circu:i t
1::naI:ds bIming out en several occasicns. This
happened became of the voltage variaticns at
the VSI) i nplt.

'fmioo en Pllt'P tests and fj eli perfonnance data,


the folJ..oA'ing oonclllsicns have been leached:

1.

ES?'s can be used as an alternative llft


nettnd j n heavy crude oi l.

2.

'!he S16tem's effkiency


qravi ty decreases.

decreas~

as the 8PI

and O'BRIEl~ .1.B: "TeSting


Pt.mp6 fur proper Sizing and
papar S?E 15425 presented
tJ.st Tedmical O:Jnference
NY, ex:tober 5-8.

TRANSFORMERS

~
MARA

MARACAIBO

CASING

CABIMAS

DRAIN VALVE
.t

TIA JUANA

TUBING

AGUNILlAS

CABLE
PUMP

LAK(
GAS SEPARATOR

MARACAIBO

11E5-I--- SEAL

BARUA MOTATAN

MOTOR

fiGURE 1 - GEOGRAPHIC FIELDS LOCATION

GOR CONSTANT (600

10

---.n ..

FIGURE

PERFORATIONS

2- TYPICAL ESP INSTALLATION

DESIGN PRODUCTION

ACTUAL PROOUCTION

80~-------------------~----------~-------ReCOMMENDED
HEAD

sa/eeL)

OPERATING 'RANGE

rEEr

80

PUMP

H P

Err.

"OTO.

70

__~~
LOAD

TO

T
T

60

50

0
L
R
T
E

60

.0

40
30

"

30
3.0
2.75

20

OESIGN RATE: 3800 8/0

10

E
A

60

2.50
2.25
2.00

20

1.75

10

ACTOAl RJ"n:= 1600 9/0

0
0

1000

2000
SURFACE RATE

fiGURE :5

3000

(9/0)

BOTTOM HOLE RATE VS. SURfACE RATE (WELL A)

4000

0
0

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

flOOO

7000

8000

CAPACITY

fiGURE 4 - WEll A PERFORMANCE CURVE

9000

to

23 70 ~

SPE

DESIGN PRODUCTION

ACTUAL PRODUCTION
HEAD aO,-----~~~~~~~---r----~RE~C~O~M~M~E~N~D~E~D------.------------r----r 80
20

COR CONSTANT (800

fEET

scr IBBL)

H P

OPERATING RANGE

PUMP

Err.

"OTOR

70

LOAO

70 ..

T
T

o
M

80

80

60

60

15

o
L

40

10

R
A
T
E

30

20t-__~~~~RS~C~PO~w[~R~M:0:l:0R::LO~'~D~:----------------~~~----~--

DESIGN RATE= 5000 BID

30
2.75
2.50
2.25
2.00

20

1.75

M
B

ACTUAL RATE= 2.00 BID

10

'0

0+------r-----.~----._----_r----_4------._----~

SURFACE RATE

MB/D

0
2000

8000

8000

'2000

10000

CAPACITY

FIGURE 5 - BOTTOM HOLE RATE VS. SURFACE RATE (WELL B)

FIGURE 6 - WELL B PERFOMANCE CURVE

(.,)

Ol

(X)

(!)

DESIGN PRODUCTION

ACTUAL PRODUCTION

70
HEAO

H P
... OTOR
LOAD

rEET
BO

60

PU"P

err .

80

50

....

~tJ
~
,tJ
~~

40

eo

70

40

to

..

DESIGN ~ODUCTION
ACTUAL PRODUCTION

HEAD
fEET

R(CQMt.4C"'lOO

H P

CAPACITY

PUMP

"'IOlOR
LOAD

Err.

RANGE

50

"

40

30

75

....

~'v

30

30

J-

~'"

1.80
1.60
1. .. 0

20
t40RSEPOWER WlotOR

LO"~

1.20
1.00

10

20

20

HORSEPOWER WOTOR LOAD

10

.0
0
0

600

.000

'500

2000

2500

3000

3600

(000

(600

6000

6600

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

8000

CAPACITY

CAPACITY

FIGURE 7 - WELL C PERFOMANCE CURVE

FIGURE 8 - WELL D PERFORMANCE CURVE

2.0

50

1.0

25

SPE 23707
TABLE 2 - BARUA-MOTATAN FIELD

TABLE 1 - MARA FIELD

RESERVOIR

CRETACEOUS

RESERVOIR

EOCENE

No. OF WELLS

No. OF WELLS

42

PRODUCTION METHOD

NATURAL FLOW

PRODUCTION METHOD

GAS-LIFT

API GRAVITY

15 API

API GRAVITY

18 - 21 API

VISCOCITY

25 - 36 CPS AT 180 F

VISCOCITY

1.8 - 8.5 CPS AT 233 F

PRODUCTION MECHANISM

SOLUTION GAS DRIVE

PRODUCTION MECHANISM

ROCK & FLUID EXPANSION

AVERAGE DEPTH/TEMPERATURE

5980 FEET / 180 F

AVERAGE DEPTH/TEMPERATURE

9500 FEET I 233 F

POROSITY

2 %

POROSITY

11-12 %

PERMEABILITY

0.1 DARCY

PERMEABILITY

0.04-0.05 DARCY

Co)

<C

TABLE 3 - PRODUCTION DATA

BID

WATER
CUT
(%)

GOR
(SCF/BBLI

PERFORATIONS
DEPTH
FT.

3600

1600

600

4457

1030

5000

2100

600

4560

WELL C

1500

2500

1700

320

9685

WELL 0

2500

5000

4500

12

130

8250

ACTUAL
PROD.

DESIGN
PROD.

ESP
PROD.

BID

BID

WELL A

430

WELL B