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1 Diagram below shows two experiments to investigate one factor that influences the rate of a reaction.

. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan dua eksperimen untuk mengkaji satu faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar satu
tindak balas.

Diagram
Rajah

(a) What is the factor that influences the rate of reaction in both experiments?
Apakah faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas dalam kedua-dua eksperimen itu?

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[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b) The reaction in the experiment is represented by the following equation:

Tindak balas dalam eksperimen itu diwakili oleh persamaan berikut:

(i) Among the products stated in the equation, which is the most suitable to be chosen to determine the rate
of reaction?
Antara hasil tindak balas yang dinyatakan dalam persamaan ini, yang manakah paling sesuai untuk
menentukan kadar tindak balas?
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[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) State one reason for choosing the product in (b)(i).
Nyatakan satu sebab untuk memilih hasil tindak balas di (b)(i).
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[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c) State two controlled variables in both experiments.


Nyatakan dua pembolehubah yang dimalarkan dalam kedua-dua eksperimen ini.
1.
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2.
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[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(d) The results for both experiments are represented by Graph below.
Keputusan kedua-dua eksperimen itu diwakili oleh Graf di bawah.

Graph
Graf
Based on Graph above :
Berdasarkan Graf di atas:
(i) Experiment II has a higher rate of reaction.
How does the graph show this?
Eksperimen II mempunyai kadar tindak balas yang lebih tinggi.
Bagaimanakah graf itu menunjukkan keadaan ini?
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[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) What has happened to the reactants at time x?
Apakah yang telah berlaku kepada bahan tindak balas pada masa x?
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[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(iii)Why are both curves at the same level after time x?
Mengapakah kedua-dua lengkung berada pada aras yang sama selepas masa x?
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[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(e) What is the conclusion for both experiments?
Apakah kesimpulan bagi kedua-dua eksperimen itu?
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[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(f Another experiment is carried out using excess calcium carbonate powder and dilute hydrochloric acid
) with different concentrations.
Satu eksperimen lain dijalankan dengan menggunakan serbuk kalsium karbonat berlebihan dengan asid
hidroklorik cair yang berlainan kepekatan.
Sketch the curve of concentration of dilute hydrochloric acid against the time taken to collect a fixed
quantity of the product.
Lakar lengkung graf kepekatan asid hidroklorik cair melawan masa untuk mengumpul kuantiti hasil
ditetapkan.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

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