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SEM - 9461E

DESIGN MANUAL
PREPARATION OF P&ID & UFD

PAGE : 114 of 283

DATE : 06-30-2005
(4)

REV.: 1

Instrument Line Symbol

NO.

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION/APPLICATION
INSTRUMENT SUPPLY *

(a)

OR CONNECTION TO PROCESS

(b)

UNDEFINED SIGNAL

(c)

PNEUMATIC SIGNAL **

or

(d)

ELECTRIC SIGNAL

(e)

HYDRAULIC SIGNAL

(f)

CAPILLARY TUBE

(g)

ELECTROMAGNETIC OR SONIC SIGNAL *** (GUIDED)

(h)

ELECTROMAGNETIC OR SONIC SIGNAL *** (NOT GUIDED)

(i)

INTERNAL SYSTEM LINK (SOFTWARE OR DATA LINK)

(j)

MECHANICAL LINK

Note: 'Or' means user's choice. Consistency is recommended.


*

The following abbreviations are suggested to denote the types of power


supply.

These designations may also be applied to purge fluid supplies.


AS

Air Supply (Options)

Hydraulic Supply
IA
NS - Nitrogen Supply

Instrument Air (Options)

HS -

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ES -

Electric Supply (Options)

GS -

SS - Steam Supply
Gas Supply

WS - Water

Supply
**

The pneumatic signal symbol applies to a signal using any gas as the signal
medium. If a gas other than air is used, the gas may be identified by a note
on the signal symbol or otherwise.
***

and

Electromagnetic phenomena include heat, radio waves, nuclear radiation


light.

(5)
General Instrument of Function Symbols

NO

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

(a)

LOCAL FIELD INSTRUMENT

(b)

INSTRUMENT ON PANEL OR HARD CONSOLE IN CENTRAL CONTROL ROOM

(c)

INSTRUMENT ON LOCAL PANEL

(d)

INSTRUMENT, EITHER RACK MOUNTED OR BEHIND THE PANEL IN


CONTROL ROOM

(e)

INSTRUMENT MOUNTED BEHIND THE LOCAL PANEL BOARD

(f)

LOCAL INSTRUMENT FOR MORE THAN ONE FUNCTION

(g)

MICROPROCESSOR BASED INSTRUMENT DISPLAYED ON SHARED-CRT IN


CENTRAL CONTROL ROOM

(h)

NOT NORMALLY ACCESSIBLE TO OPERATOR

(i)

* IDENTITIES DETAIL FUNCTION

(j)

DCS AUXILIARY INTERFACE DEVICE

(k)

SEQUENTIAL LOGIC CONTROL IN DCS OR PLC

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(l)

INTERLOCK * : NUMBER CAN BE INSERTED, IF NECESSARY.

(m)

COMPUTER

(n)

PILOT LIGHT

SYMBOLS FOR DETAIL FUNCTION

ADD OR TOTALIZE

SUBTRACT

MULTIPLY

DIVIDE

>

HIGH SELECT

<

LOW SELECT

EXTRACT SQUARE ROOT

BIAS

l:l

VOLUME BOOSTER

AVG AVERAGE

HIGH LIMIT

LOW LIMIT

DIR

DIRECT

REV REVERSE

(6)
Primary Element Symbols

ITEM

NO

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

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1

A
ANALYSIS

* IDENTIFIES KEY COMPONENTS

1
B
ONE BURNER ULTRA-VIOLET FLAME

BURNER/FLAME

DETECTOR CONNECTED TO
ANALOG-TYPE FLAME INTENSITY
INDICATOR

TWO BURNER FLAME ROD SENSORS


CONNECTED TO COMMON SWITCH

TELEVISION CAMERA AND RECEIVER TO


VIEW BURNER FLAME

D
DENSITY/
SP.GR

DENSITY TRANSMITTER, DIFFERENTIAL


PRESSURE
CONNECTED

TYPE,

EXTERNALLY

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2

RADIOACTIVE TYPE DENSITY ELEMENTS


CONNECTED TO RECORDER ON PANEL

SPECIFIC GRAVITY TRANSMITTER FLOW


THROUGH TYPE

VOLTAGE

INDICATING VOLTMETER CONNECTED TO


TURBINE GENERATOR

LOW-VOLTAGE SWITCH CONNECTED TO


PUMP MOTOR

FLOW RATE

GENERAL

SYMBOL

THE

WORDS

LAMINAR, ETC., MAY BE ADDED

ORIFICE

PLATE

CORNER

TAPS

WITH

FLANGE

CONNECTED

OR
TO

DIFFERENTIAL-PRESSURE TYPE FLOW


INDICATOR

FLANGE

OR

CORNER

TAP

TEST

CONNECTIONS WITHOUT ORIFICE PLATE

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4

ORIFICE PLATE WITH VENA CONTRACTA


TAPS

ORIFICE PLATE WITH VENA CONTRACTA,


RADIUS, OR PIPE TAPS CONNECTED TO
DIFFERENTIAL-PRESSURE TYPE FLOW
TRANSMITTER

RADIUS

TAP

TEST

CONNECTIONS

WITHOUT ORIFICE PLATE

ORIFICE

PLATE

IN

QUICK-CHANGE

FITTING

PITOT TUBE OR PITOT-VENTURI TUBE

VENTURI TUBE

10

FLUME

11

WEIR

12

TURBINE OR PROPELLER TYPE PRIMARY


ELEMENT

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13

VARIABLE AREA FLOW INDICATOR

14

POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT TYPE FLOW


TOTALIZING INDICATOR

15

FLOW ELEMENT WITH CONNECTION FOR


Lami nar Fl ow

16

CONTROLLER

FLOW

ELEMENT

INTEGRAL

TRANSMITTER

17

18

VORTEX SENSOR

TARGET TYPE SENSOR

19

FLOW NOZZLE

20

MAGNETIC FLOWMETER

WITH

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21

MAGNETIC FLOWMETER WITH INTEGRAL


TRANSMITTER

22

SONIC

FLOWMETER

"DOPPLER"

OR

"TRANSIT TIME" MAY BE ADDED

CURRENT

CURRENT OF ELECTRIC MOTOR

POWER

CURRENT TRANSFORMER MEASURING

INDICATING WATTMETER CONNECTED


TO PUMP MOTOR

CLOCK

MULTI POINT ON-OFF TIME SEQUENCING

TIME OR TIMESCHEDULE

PROGRAMMER POINT 7

TIME-SCHEDULE CONTROLLER, ANALOG


TYPE, OR SELF CONTAINED FUNCTION
GENERATOR

LEVEL

GAUGE GLASS, INTEGRALLY MOUNTED


ON TANK

GAUGE
CONNECTED

GLASS,

EXTERNALLY

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3

WATER COLUMN WITH INTEGRAL GAGE


GLASS AND ALARM WHISTLE

LEVEL

INDICATOR,

WITH

TWO

CONNECTIONS

DUPLEX

LEVEL

TRANSMITTER-

CONTROLLER, WITH TWO CONNECTIONS

LEVEL

TRANSMITTER,

WITH

ONE

CONNECTION

LEVEL

TRANSMITTER,

PRESSURE

TYPE,

DIFFERENTIAL
EXTERNALLY

CONNECTED, WITH DIP TUBE

LEVEL

TRANSMITTER

DIFFERENTIAL

PRESSURE TYPE, MOUNTED ON TANK

10

LEVEL INDICATOR, FLOAT TYPE

CAPACITANCE OR DIELECTRIC TYPE


LEVEL ELEMENT CONNECTED TO LEVEL
TRANSMITTER (TAG LEVEL ELEMENT LE15)

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11

LEVEL SWITCH,

PADDLE

WHEEL OR

LEVER TYPE, TO MEASURE LEVEL OF


SOLIDS

12

RADIOACTIVE OR SONIC TYPE LEVEL


TRANSMITTER WITH INTEGRAL SENSOR

13

REMOTE VIEWING OF GAUGE GLASS BY


USE OF TELEVISION

14

MOISTURE

LEVEL GLASS WITH ILLUMINATOR

MOISTURE RECORDER (IF THERE IS A


SEPARATE

HUMIDITY

PRIMARY

ELEMENT,

IT

SHOULD BE TAGGED ME-2)

SELF-CONTAINED

HUMIDITY

CONTROLLER IN ROOM

PRESSURE OR

PRESSURE

INDICATOR,

DIRECT

CONNECTED

VACUUM

WITH PRESSURE LEAD LINE


PRESSURE INDICATOR CONNECTED TO
DIAPHRAGM SEAL WITH FILLED SYSTEM

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3

LINE MOUNTED
PRESSURE INDICATOR CONNECTED TO
DIAPHRAGM SEAL WITH FILLED SYSTEM

PRESSURE ELEMENT, STRAIN GAUGE


TYPE,

CONNECTED

TO

PRESSURE

INDICATING TRANSMITTER(TAG STRAIN


GAUGE PE-19)

QUANTITY

COUNTING SWITCH, PHOTO ELECTRIC


TYPE, WITH SWITCH ACTION FOR EACH
EVENT

COUNTING SWITCH, PHOTO ELECTRIC


TYPE, WITH SWITCH ACTION BASED ON
CUMULATIVE TOTAL

INDICATING

COUNTER,

TYPE

R
RADIATION

RADIATION INDICATOR

MECHANICAL

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2

RADIATION MEASURING ELEMENT AND


TRANSMITTER

SPEED TRANSMITTER

TEMPERATURE CONNECTION WITH WELL

TEMPERATURE

TEMPERATURE

TEST

CONNECTION

WITHOUT WELL

TEMPERATURE ELEMENT WITHOUT WELL


(ELEMENT

NOT

CONNECTED

TO

SECONDARY INSTRUMENT)

TEMPERATURE ELEMENT WITH WELL


(ELEMENT

NOT

CONNECTED

TO

SECONDARY INSTRUMENT)

FILLED SYSTEM TYPE TEMPERATURE


INDICATOR WITH WELL

BIMETALLIC

TYPE

THERMOMETER,

GLASS

THERMOMETER,

LOCAL

UNCLASSIFIED

OR

OTHER

TEMPERATURE

INDICATOR

THERMOCOUPLE,

RESISTANCE

BULB

(RTD) OR THERMISTOR (T) CONNECTED


TO

TEMPERATURE

ELEMENT TE - 10)

INDICATOR

(TAG

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8

THERMOCOUPLE CONNECTED TO MULTI


POINT INDICATOR RECORDING ON MULTI
POINT

SCANNING

RECORDER

(TAG

ELEMENT TE-11-2)

THERMOCOUPLE PARALLEL WIRED TO


MULTI
POINT

POINT

INDICATOR AND

SCANNING

RECORDER

MULTI
(TAG

ELEMENT TE-1308/14-4)

10

DUAL

OR

DUPLEX

THERMOCOUPLE

CONNECTED TO MULTI POINT INDICATOR


AND MULTI POINT SCANNING RECORDER
(TAG ELEMENT TE-15-7/16-2)

11

MULTI ELEMENT THERMOCOUPLE FOR


DIFFERENT ELEVATIONS, WITH WELL IN
TANK

12

THERMAL

RADIATION

TEMPERATURE

INDICATOR,

TYPE
SELF

CONTAINED

13

THERMAL

RADIATION

TYPE

TEMPERATURE ELEMENT

14

SURFACE

MOUNTED

TEMPERATURE

SENSOR

15

THERMOSTAT
TEMPERATURE

SENSING

AMBIENT

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PREPARATION OF P&ID & UFD

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U

MULTIVARIABLE

ALTERNATIVE 1 (TREATED AS DISTINCT


LOOPS)
LOW FLOW SWITCH ACTUATING ONE
POINT OF A MULTI POINT MULTI VARIABLE
ALARM ANNUNCIATOR

ALTERNATIVE 2
LOW FLOW SWITCH ACTUATING ONE
POINT OF A MULTI POINT MULTI VARIABLE
ALARM ANNUNCIATOR

ALTERNATIVE 1 (TREATED AS DISTINCT


LOOPS)
LEVEL SIGNAL RECEIVED BY ONE POINT
OF A MULTI POINT

MULTI VARIABLE

INDICATOR

ALTERNATIVE 2
LEVEL SIGNAL RECEIVED BY ONE POINT
OF A MULTI POINT

MULTI VARIABLE

INDICATOR

1
VIBRATION TRANSMITTER FOR MOTOR

VIBRATION,
MECHANICAL
ANALYSIS

VIBRATION SWITCH (MANUALLY RESET


TABLE)

ACCELEROMETER
PANEL READOUT

WITH

AUXILIARY

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MECHANICAL

ANALYSIS

IN

THREE

PLANES

W
WEIGHT

OR

WEIGHT

TRANSMITTER,

DIRECT-

CONNECTED

FORCE

STRAIN

GAUGE

CONNECTED

TO

SEPARATE WEIGHT TRANSMITTER (TAG


STRAIN GAUGE WE-2)

WEIGH BELT SCALE TRANSMITTER

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Z

ROLL THICKNESS TRANSMITTER

THICKNESS SWITCH, RADIOACTIVE TYPE

LIMIT SWITCH THAT IS ACTUATED WHEN

POSITION,
DIMENSION

VALVE IS ACTUATED WHEN VALVE IS


CLOSED

TO

PREDETERMINED

POSITION

TURBINE SHELL/ROTOR DIFFERENTIAL


EXPANSION

TRANSMITTER

PRIMARY ELEMENT ADE-4)

(7)

Control Valve Body Symbols

NO.

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION/APPLICATION

Gate Valve

Globe Valve

Butterfly Valve

(TAG

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4

Angle Valve

Bottom Discharge Valve or Flushing Valve

Ball Valve or V Ball Valve

Diaphragm, Saunders Valve

Three way Valve, Three way Ball Valve

Four way Valve, Four way Ball Valve

10

11

Slide Type Gate Valve

Damper or Lower

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(8) Actuator Symbols

NO.

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

WITH OR WITHOUT POSITIONER OR OTHER PILOT

PREFERRED FOR DIAPHRAGM ASSEMBLED WITH PILOT * ASSEMBLY


IS ACTUATED BY ONE INPUT (SHOWN TYPICALLY WITH ELECTRIC
INPUT)
PILOT CORRESPONDS TO POSITIONER, SOLENOID VALVE, SIGNAL
CONVERTER ETC. THIS SYMBOL IS USED WHEN PILOT IS NOT
REPRESENTED AND IS ABBREVIATED.

DIAPHRAGM,

SPRING

OPPOSED,

WITH

POSITIONER

AND

OVERRIDING PILOT VALVE THAT PRESSURIZED DIAPHRAGM WHEN


ACTUATED

DIAPHRAGM, PRESSURE BALANCED

SPRING-OPPOSED, SINGLE-ACTING
CYLINDER, WITHOUT POSITIONER OR OTHER PILOT

DOUBLE-ACTING

PREFERRED FOR ANY CYLINDER THAT IS ASSEMBLED WITH A PILOT


SO THAT ASSEMBLE IS ACTUATED BY ONE CONTROLLED INPUT

ROTARY MOTOR (SHOWN TYPICALLY WITH ELECTRIC SIGNAL. MAY


BE HYDRAULIC OR PNEUMATIC)

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8

SOLENOID

PREFERRED ALTERNATIVE. A BALLOON WITH INSTRUMENT TAGGING,


E.G., TY-1, MAY BE USED INSTEAD OF THE INTERLOCK SYMBOL

ABBREVIATION
CYLINDER WITH POSITIONER AND OVERRIDING PILOT VALVE

10

SINGLE ACTING CYLINDER (IMPLIED I/P)


CYLINDER WITH POSITIONER AND OVERRIDING PILOT VALVE

11

ELECTRO HYDRAULIC

12

VALVE

ACTUATOR

WITH

ATTACHED

ELECTRO

PNEUMATIC

CONVERTER

13

LATCH TYPE ACTUATOR WITH RESET (SHOWN TYPICALLY FOR


SOLENOID ACTUATOR AND TYPICALLY WITH ELECTRIC SIGNAL FOR
REMOTE RESET, WITH MANUAL RESET ALTERNATIVE)

14

FOR PRESSURE RELIEF OR SAFETY VALVES ONLY : DENOTES A


SPRING, WEIGHT, OR INTEGRAL PILOT

15

HAND ACTUATOR OR HANDWHEEL

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(9)

Symbols for Self-Actuated Regulations, valves and Other Devices

NO

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION/APPLICATION

AUTOMATIC REGULATOR WITH INTEGRAL FLOW INDICATION

AUTOMATIC REGULATOR WITHOUT INDICATION

INDICATING VARIABLE AREA METER WITH INTEGRAL MANUAL


THROTTLE VALVE

RESTRICTION ORIFICE (ORIFICE PLATE, CAPILLARY TYPE OR MULTI


STAGE TYPE, ETC.) IN PROCESS LINE

RESTRICTION ORIFICE DRILLED

IN

VALVE (INSTRUMENT TAG

NUMBER MAY BE OMITTED IF VALVE IS OTHERWISE IDENTIFIED)

FLOW SIGHT GLASS, PLAIN OR WITH PADDLE WHEEL, FLAPPER, ETC.

FLOW STRAIGHTENING VANE (USE OF TAG NUMBER IS OPTIONAL.


THE LOOP NUMBER MAY BE THE SAME AS THAT OF THE ASSOCIATED
PRIMARY ELEMENT)

HAND CONTROL VALVE IN PROCESS LINE

HAND ACTUATED ON-OFF SWITCHING VALVE IN PNEUMATIC SIGNAL


LINE

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10

HAND CONTROL VALVE IN SIGNAL LINE

11

LEVEL REGULATOR WITH MECHANICAL LINKAGE

12

PRESSURE

REDUCING

REGULATOR,

SELF

CONTAINED,

WITH

HANDWHEEL ADJUSTABLE SET POINT

13

PRESSURE REDUCING REGULATOR WITH EXTERNAL PRESSURE TAP

14

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE REDUCING REGULATOR WITH INTERNAL


AND EXTERNAL PRESSURE TAPS

15

BACK PRESSURE REGULATOR, SELF CONTAINED

16

BACK PRESSURE REGULATOR WITH EXTERNAL PRESSURE TAP

17

PRESSURE

REDUCING

REGULATOR

WITH

INTEGRAL

OUTLET

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE, AND OPTIONAL PRESSURE INDICATOR


(TYPICAL AIR SET)

18

PRESSURE RELIEF OR SAFETY VALVE, ANGLE PATTERN, TRIPPED BY


INTEGRAL SOLENOID

19

20

PILOT OPERATED RELIEF VALVE

TEMPERATURE REGULATOR, FILLED SYSTEM TYPE

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(10)
Symbols for Actuated Action in the Event of Signal Failure

NO

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

TWO-WAY VALVE, FAIL OPEN

TWO-WAY VALVE, FAIL CLOSED

THREE-WAY VALVE, FAIL OPEN PATH A.C

FOUR-WAY VALVE, FAIL OPEN TO PATHS A.C AND D.B

ANY VALVE, FAIL LOCKED (POSITION DOES NOT CHANGE)

ANY VALVE, FAIL INDETERMINATE

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(11)
Function Symbols

ITEM
A

NO
1

ALARM

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION/APPLICATION
SEPARATE ALARMS FOR ABNORMAL
LEVEL VERY HIGH, HIGH, LOW, AND
VERY LOW

COMMON ANNUNCIATOR FOR HIGH


AND LOW TEMPERATURE

ABBREVIATED

SYMBOLISM

FOR

SHARED DISPLAY SYSTEMS

C*
CONTROL

TEMPERATURE
CONTROLLER

INDICATING

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2

SELF

CONTAINED

THERMOSTAT

ON-OFF

ROOM

ACTUATING

PUMP

MOTOR

CASCADE

CONTROL

CONTROLLER

SET

FLOW

BY

LEVEL

CONTROLLER

TRANSMITTER IS NECESSARY IN CASE


OF SIGNAL BEING SPILT TO OTHER
RECEIVER

DIFFERENTIAL

DIFFERENTIAL

TEMPERATURE

INDICATOR

HIGH

DIFFERENTIAL

PRESSURE

SWITCH

RATIO

FLOW-RATIO CONTROLLER FFY CAN


BE USED INSTEAD OF FY

THIS SCHEME IS NOT PREFERRED


BECAUSE OF IT'S NONLINEARITY

DIRECT CONNECTED COMPRESSION


RATIO RECORDER

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G

SIGHT GLASS FOR INTERNAL VIEWING

MANUAL LOADING STATION

HAND ACTUATED ELECTRIC SWITCH,

VIEWING
DEVICE,
GLASS

H
HAND

MOMENTARY

MANUAL

LOADING

STATION

WITH

HAND ACTUATED SWITCHES

SCAN

PRESSURE SCANNING TRANSMITTER


CONNECTED TO PROCESS POINTS 5,6,
7

SAMPLE LINE CONNECTED TO BUTANE


CONCENTRATION
THROUGH

TRANSMITTER

EXTERNAL

-SCANNING VALVE

SAMPLE

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K

RECORDING FLOW CONTROL, WITH

CONTROL

ADDITIONAL FLOW AND PRESSURE

STATION

PENS, RECORDER IS A DEDICATED


TYPE

RECORDING FLOW CONTROL.


RECORDER IS A CONFIGURABLE TYPE

L
LIGHT

DCS FLOW TRENDING

STARTING AND STOPPING SUMP PUMP

OR

BY

LOW

LAH/L-106.

AND

LEVEL

IS

MONITORED BY LI-105

PILOT

LIGHTS

TEMPERATURE

TO
HAS

SIGNAL
RISEN

THAT
TO

INTERMEDIATE, HIGH, AND VERY HIGH


VALUES

P
POINT

ANALYSIS TEST SAMPLE POINT

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2

DISTILLATION
CONNECTION

COLUMN
FOR

WITH

ALTERNATIVE

LOCATION OR SENSOR

INTEGRATE

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE TYPE FLOW


METER WITH

OR TOTALIZE

(1) RECORDING OF FLOW RATE,


(2) INDICATION OF INTEGRATED
FLOW, AND
(3) SWITCH ACTUATED BY
INTEGRATED FLOW

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE TYPE FLOW


METER WITH
(1) RECORDING OF FLOW RATE,
(2) INDICATION OF INTEGRATED
FLOW, AND
(3) SWITCH ACTUATED BY FLOW
RATE

RUNNING

TIME

TOTALIZER

CONNECTED TO PUMP MOTOR

RECORD OR

LOGGER, UJR-100, WITH SWITCH FOR

PRINT

S
SWITCH

MULTI POINT MULTI VARIABLE DATA

POINT 7

LOW TEMPERATURE SWITCH WITH


ONE OUTPUT FOR ALARM AND TRIP

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2

ALTERNATE 1, LOW TEMPERATURE


SWITCH WITH TWO OUTPUTS FOR
ALARM AND TROP

ALTERNATE 2, LOW TEMPERATURE


SWITCH WITH TWO OUTPUTS FOR
ALARM AND TRIP

RECEIVER

TYPE

FLOW

SWITCH

ACTUATING LOW FLOW ALARM

ALTERNATIVE

1,

TEMPERATURE
INTEGRAL

MULTI

RECORDER

HIGH

POINT
WITH

TEMPERATURE

SWITCH FOR POINT 4, OR COMMON


ALARM

ALTERNATIVE

2,

TEMPERATURE
INTEGRAL

MULTI

RECORDER

HIGH

POINT
WITH

TEMPERATURE

SWITCH FOR POINT 4, OR COMMON


ALARM

ONE POINT TEMPERATURE INDICATOR


WITH SEPARATE MANUAL SELECTOR
SWITCH

T
TRANSMITTER

TRANSMITTER WITH THERMOCOUPLE


INPUT AND ELECTRIC OUTPUT **

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2

ALTERNATIVE TO 1

TRANSMITTER

WITH

PNEUMATIC

OUTPUT

FLOW SIGNAL RECEIVED BY DCS


INSTRUMENT THAT INDICATES AND

MULTIFUNCTION

RECORDS FLOW, HAS SWITCH TO


ACTUATE LOW FLOW ALARM, HAS A
CONTROLLER TO ACTUATE A VALVE,
RELAYS THE MEASUREMENT TO A
RECORDER

ON

CONSOLE,

INTEGRATES THE FLOW, INDICATES


THE

INTEGRATED

FLOW,

HAS

SWITCH TO ACTUATE A SOLENOID


VALVE AFTER A GIVEN INTEGRATED
FLOW HAS PASSED

CONTROL VALVE WITH HAND JACK

ELECTRIC

VALVE,
DAMPER, OR
LOUVER

CURRENT

SIGNAL

PNEUMATIC

CONTROL

COMPUTE

ACTUATING

OR RELAY

VALVE WITH SEPARATELY MOUNTED


ELECTRO PNEUMATIC CONVERTER.
THE CONVERTER SYMBOL MAY BE
OMITTED

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2

ELECTRIC

CURRENT

PNEUMATIC

SIGNAL

CONTROL

TO

VALVE

FURNISHED WITH ATTACHED ELECTRO


PNEUMATIC SIGNAL CONVERTER. THE
CONVERTER

SYMBOL

MAY

BE

OMITTED

PRESSURE

TRANSMITTER

WITH

RADIO (OR LASER) OUTPUT, RADIO


(OR LASER) TO VOLTAGE CONVERTER,
AND PRESSURE RECORDER

SELECTOR

CHOSE

OUTPUT

REPRESENTS LOWER FLOW OF FE109A OR FT-109B

OVERHEAD CONTROL.
TANK OUTLET VALVE TO OPEN AS
REQUIRED BY THE HIGHER OR TWO
LEVELS

FEED

FORWARD

CONTROL

WITH

TEMPERATURE FEEDBACK TRIMMING

MASS

FLOW

COMPUTATION

COMPENSATED BY PRESSURE AND


TEMPERATURE

OR

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PROPORTIONING

PUMP

WITH

DRIVE,

AUTOMATIC AND MANUAL STROKE

ACTUATE, OR

CONTROL

UNCLASSIFIED
FINAL
CONTROL
ELEMENT

TURBINE

WITH

AUTOMATIC

MANUAL SPEED CHANGER

t is expected that control modes will not be designated on a diagram. However,


designations may be used outside the controller symbol, if desired, in
combinations such as % ,

I-0

A controller is understood to have integral manual set-point adjustment unless


means of remote adjustment is indicated. The remote set-point designation is SP.
**

See definition of converter versus transmitter.

AND

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(12)
Miscellaneous combination

NO
1

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION
FLOW TRANSMITTER WITH TEMPERATURE
ELEMENT

FOR

TEMPERATURE

COMPENSATION

FLOW RECORDER WITH PRESSURE PEN


CONNECTED TO TAP OF DIFFERENTIAL
PRESSURE TYPE FLOW RECORDER

MANUAL

LOADING

OUTPUT

GAUGE

STATION
AND

WITHOUT

WITH

FLOW

RECEIVER INDICATOR

TEMPERATURE

CONTROL

WITH

CONTROLLER AND REMOTE MANUAL GAIN

COMPLEX
SYSTEM,

COMBUSTION
UY298,

OF

CONTROL

POWER

BOILER

ADJUSTING SET POINT OF FLOW CONTROL


SYSTEM FOR PRIMARY AIR TO COAL
PULVERIZER

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PREFERRED METHOD SHALL BE USED IF


INTERLOCK LOGIC IS UNDEFINED OR COMPLEX.

OR

MAY BE SUBSTITUTED FOR

I- 1

APPLICABLE.

FOR

, IF

MAY BE SUBSTITUTED

TO REFER TO INTERLOCK DETAIL

NO.1 TO BE DRAWN ELSE WHERE. THE OUTPUTS


OF TSL-300 AND PSH-301 MAY ENTER THE
INTERLOCK

BOX

SEPARATELY INSTEAD

OF

JOINTLY AS SHOWN. FLOW CONTROL LOOP THAT


MAY BE BLOCKED BY INTERLOCK ACTUATED BY
EITHER

LOW

TEMPERATURE

OR

HIGH

PRESSURE

OPTIONAL METHOD MAY BE USED IF RELAY UY303 EXISTS AND ONE DESIRES TO SHOW IT.

OR

MAY BE OMITTED, IF DESIRED, AND

SHALL BE OMITTED, IF INTERLOCK LOGIC IS


UNDEFINED OR COMPLEX. FLOW CONTROL
LOOP THAT MAY BE BLOCKED BY INTERLOCK
ACTUATED BY EITHER LOW TEMPERATURE OR
HIGH PRESSURE

SOLENOID PILOT VALVE ACTUATED BY HAND


ACTUATED SWITCH

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9

ALTERNATIVE
ACTUATED

1,

BY

PNEUMATIC
REMOTE

PILOT

HAND

VALVE

ACTUATED

SWITCH

10

ALTERNATIVE 2, PNEUMATIC PILOT VALVE


ACTUATED BY REMOTE HAND ACTUATED
SWITCH

11

FLOW CONTROL LOOP WITH LOW LEVEL


INTERLOCK ACTUATED BY LEVEL SWITCH
LSL-311

12

PISTON ACTUATED ON-OFF VALVE TO BE


CLOSED

BY

LOW

LEVEL

OR

HIGH

TEMPERATURE AND TO BE REOPENED BY


PUSHBUTTON RESET OF DOUBLE COIL
SOLENOID VALVE

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13

WITHOUT OVERRIDE.
PRESSURE
THROUGH

CONTROLLER
SERVO

VALVE

ACTING
ACTING

AS

VOLTAGE TO HYDRAULIC CONVERTER TO


MODULATE DOUBLE ACTING CYLINDER
ACTUATED

CONTROL

VALVE

HAVING

POSITIONING SYSTEM

14

WITH LOW FLOW OVERRIDE THROUGH


FOUR-WAY SOLENOID ACTUATED PILOT
VALVE INTEGRAL WITH CONTROL VALVE.
PRESSURE
THROUGH

CONTROLLER
SERVO

VALVE

ACTING
ACTING

AS

VOLTAGE TO HYDRAULIC CONVERTER TO


MODULATE DOUBLE ACTING CYLINDER
ACTUATED

CONTROL

VALVE

HAVING

POSITIONING SYSTEM

15

PRESSURE BALANCED VALVE

16

SELF

ACTUATED

NATURAL

GAS

PRESSURE REGULATOR WITH REMOTE


SET POINT ADJUSTMENT

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17

TIME
VARYING

SCHEDULE
SET

CONTROLLER

POINT

OF

VALVE

MOUNTED PRESSURE CONTROLLER


(TAG VALVE ASSEMBLY PIC/PV-322)

18

VALVE THAT UNLATCHES OR LATCHES


WHEN TRIPPED AND REQUIRES HAND
ACTUATION

OR

VALVE

MOUNTED

RESET MECHANISM.

19

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE TYPE FLOW


INDICATOR WITH WATER PURGE FOR
BOTH LEADS (DENOTED BY NUMBER 2)

20

LEVEL TRANSMITTER FOR OPEN TANK


WITH DIP TYPE AND AIR PURGE

21

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE TYPE LEVEL


TRANSMITTER WITH GAS AND LIQUID
PURGES

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22

CONTROL VALVE WITH WATER SEALED


STUFFING BOX. VALVE CLOSES ON AIR
FAILURE

23

24

TELEVISION VIEWING OF PRESSURE

ONE

POINT

RECORDER

WITH

PATCHBOARD INPUT CONNECTION

25

ELECTRIC TRANSMITTER CONNECTED


TO

MORE

THAN

ONE

RECEIVER,

REGARDLESS OF TYPE OF ELECTRIC


SIGNAL

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26

TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER OUTPUT


ACTING AS AIR SUPPLY FOR LEVEL
CONTROLLER

27

ALTERNATIVE 1
INTERRELATED INSTRUMENTS WHOSE
SYMBOLS

ARE

DIAGRAM.

(A

INSTRUMENT,

SCATTERED
MULTI

SUCH

AS

ON

POINT
A

DATA

LOGGER, THAT IS DESIGNATED WITH


POINT NUMBERS ON A DIAGRAM IS
NOT

EXPECTED

TO

HAVE

THE

SYMBOLS FOR THE VARIOUS POINTS


TIED OR REFERENCED TOGETHER)
28

ALTERATIVE 2
INTERRELATED INSTRUMENTS WHOSE
SYMBOLS

ARE

DIAGRAM.

(A

INSTRUMENT,

SCATTERED
MULTI

SUCH

AS

ON

POINT
A

DATA

LOGGER, THAT IS DESIGNATED WITH


POINT NUMBERS ON A DIAGRAM IS
NOT

EXPECTED

TO

HAVE

THE

SYMBOLS FOR THE VARIOUS POINTS


TIED OR REFERENCED TOGETHER)
29

TYPICAL

SYMBOLISM

FOR

MECHANICAL FLOW DIAGRAMS


REFLECTS ACTUAL HARDWARE
METHOD OF DEPICTING INSTRUMENT
LOOPS ON FLOW DIAGRAMS

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30

TYPICAL

SYMBOLISM

DIAGRAMS
DIAGRAMS

OR
THAT

FOR

OTHER
ARE

PROCESS
SIMPLIFIED

FLOW
FLOW

SUPPLEMENTED

BY

DRAWING INSTRUMENT LOOP DETAILS.


SHOWS ONLY THE FUNCTIONS THAT ARE NEEDED
FOR OPERATION OF PROCESS, PROPER KIND OF
CONTROL VALVE MAY BE ARBITRARILY CHOSEN.
ACTUAL TYPE OF INSTRUMENT SIGNAL MAY BE
SHOWN, IF DESIRED. IF OPTION OF SIMPLIFIED
SYMBOLISM IS CHOSEN. IT SHALL BE USED
CONSISTENTLY
METHOD OF DEPICTING INSTRUMENT LOOPS ON
FLOW DIAGRAMS

(13)
Complex Combinations

Example of complex batch kettle control involving both shared display/control and
programmable logic control. The purpose of this drawing is to allow a general

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understanding of the control scheme and to define and identify the connected
components. Detailed understanding would be obtained from the study of other
documents.

(14)

Degree Of Detail

Example 1. TYPICAL SYMBOLISM FOR SIMPLIFIED DIAGRAMS

Simplified symbolism and abbreviated identification used to define the principal


points of measurement and control interest.

Example 2. TYPICAL SYMBOLISM FOR CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAMS


Functionally oriented symbolism and abbreviated identification used to develop
control concepts without concern for specific hardware.

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Example 3. TYPICAL SYMBOLISM FOR DETAILED DIAGRAMS

Detailed symbolism and more complete identification used to describe the control
system when type of hardware and kinds of signals have been chosen.
7.3.12

Fire Fighting Facilities


(1)

Hydrant
(a)

Outdoor Type
(i)

For Water

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One Way

Two Way
(Single)

(ii)

Three Way
(Double)

(Triple)

Two Way

Three Way

For Foam

One Way
(b)
Indoor Type
(i) For Water

(2)

(ii) For Foam

Hose Box

(i) For Water

(ii) For Foam

(3)
Riser Strainer

(4)
Air Foam Chamber

(a) Common Type

(b) For Floating Tank

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(5)
Pressure Proportioner

(6)
Alarm Valve

(7)
Hose Connection

(a) Single

(b)
Double

(8)
Hose Reel
(a) Common Type

(b) In case that has Foam Tank

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(9)
Monitor Nozzle
(a) For water

(10)
Spray Head

For Head

(11)
Drencher Head

(12)
Sprinkler Head

(13)
Foam Head

(14)
Steam Curtain

(b)

For foam

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(15)
Water Curtain

7.4

Line Identification
In general, line number means whole things including pipe name and insulation type. However,
here in this manual, line identification (i.e. a broad sensed Line No.) and numerical line number (i.e.
a narrow sensed Line No.) will be separately used. Write down the line identification at the upper
side of the line according to Section 1.4.2 page 6. When showing in the P&ID and UFD, attention
should be paid on the following things:
7.4.1

Letter limit
In principle, fluid symbol should not exceed 4 letters and no more than 5 letters for the line
number including identification of area and serial number.
4 - P - 1325 - BIA - H
Insulation Type
Class Identification
Area Clarification, Serial No. : Max. 5 letters
Line Service Identification : Max. 3 letters
Line Size

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7.4.2

Line Service Identification


In principle, line service identification should be expressed based on the kind of fluid and
piping service using the initial letters of the process and/or fluid name listed below:
P

Process

Process Vent, Purge Gas

Process Drain, Purge Liquid

Medicine (Chemical, Additive Inhibitor)

Steam

Water

Air

Inert

Condensate

Refrigerant

Oil

Fuel & Fire Fighting

Note: The letter symbol that has been easily used before together with others should be
avoided.
Example: The initial letter of inert is I. But, in case of IA, it is confusing with
Instrument Air that is used before. Likewise, for the same reason, PW should be
avoided.
(1)

Process
(a)

General purpose

(b)

Other process fluid

P*

Note: Insert the appropriate alphabet at *. As much as possible, it would show the
fluid precisely.
Example:

Process Slurry
Process Air

"PA"

Benzene

"PB"

Toluene

(c)

Vent purge of process gas


Example:

(d)

"PT"

G*

Flare gas

GF

Vent gas

GV

Drain purge of process liquid


Example:

"PS"

Liquid drain

L*
LD

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(2)

Chemical Substances

(a)
Think it as shown in above Section (1).
(b)
In case that there are many kinds of process, classify precisely appropriate abbreviation
according to the job definition.
Example:

Methanol

ME

Caustic soda
(3)

MS

Utility
(a)

There are various utilities. If it does not need to particularly classify, use those
symbols listed in the following Section (b) or (c). In case that there are any
problems, classify it precisely as much as possible by adding and/or correcting
the abbreviation.

(b)

Fluid symbols for general utilities


(i)

Steam
Fluid Symbol
--------------

'

(ii)

Steam

S*

High Pressure Steam

SH

Middle Pressure Steam

SM

Low Pressure Steam

SL

Superheated Steam

SS

Wet Exhaust Steam

SW

Dry Superheated Exhaust Steam

SE

Water
Fluid Symbol
--------------

Water

Cooling Water
Refrigerated Water

W*
WC
WR

(Chilled)
Hot Water

WH

Sea Water

WS

Raw(Industrial) Water

WI

Treated(Clarified) Water

WT

Demineralized Water

WD

Polished Water

WP

Boiler Water

WB

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Living (Drinking or Potable) Water

WW

Waste (Slop) Water

Note:

R iver
S t r e am

WI

Regarding the treated water, use the following process:

C la r i f ie r

Ion
Exchange r

WT

WD

D r ink ing wa te r
S u p p l y S y s t em

(iii)

WL

(S o f t n e r )
Po l ishe r

Bo i le r

WP

WL

Air
Fluid Symbol
--------------

Air

A*

Instrument Air

AI

Plant (Utility) Air


(iv)

AP

Inert
-------------- Inert -

I*

Inert Gas

IG

(Inert) Nitrogen
(v)

IN

Condensate
------------- Condensate

(vi)

C*

Atmospheric Condensate

CA

Low Pressure Condensate

CL

High Pressure Condensate

CH

Refrigerant
--------------

Refrigerant

R*

Ammonia Refrigerant

RA

Methane Refrigerant

RM

Freon Refrigerant

RF

Ethane, Ethylene Refrigerant


Propane, Propylene Refrigerant

RE

WB

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(vii)

Oil

Fluid Symbol

---------- Oil

O*

Lubricating Lube Oil

OL

Gland Oil

OG

Seal Oil

OS

Flushing (Washing) Oil


(viii)

OW

Fuel & Fire Fighting


In general, show fire fighting as a separate system on P&ID.
Fuel (Fire) ------------

F*

Fuel Gas

FG

Fuel Oil

FO

Fire (Fighting) Water

FF

Chemical Fire Solution


(c)

FC

When it is necessary to clearly distinguish the fluids having different pressure


level at the utility system showing as the same fluids, express them as
following:
Low Pressure Steam (3K)

SL (3)

Low Pressure Steam (1K)

SL (1)

The number inside of ( ) is provided to distinguish them for convenience.

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7.4.3

Insulation Symbol
For classification and expression based on the insulation purpose, use the expression
methods described in Section 7.3.6 in page 97 and the following descriptions:
(1)

Insulation symbols:

Classification

Symbol

Hot Insulation

Normal Heat Conservation

Operating Stability

Steam Tracing

Electrical Tracing

Cold Insulation

Anti-Sweat

Personnel Protection

Fire Protection

Sound Protection

Cold Insulation

Others

7.4.4

Description

Area Classification and Serial Number


When issuing AFD of P&ID and UFD, area classification and serial number should be
specified. Regarding the line number for the P&ID and UFD preparing by process
engineering team, use the following methods:

4P -

- BIA - H
Provide sufficient space here for line numbering

Recently, these are often specified at the stage of AFP.

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7.4.5

REV.: 1

Double Pipe Expression


The line numbering of double pipe is as follow:

Fluid name and class symbol inside of parenthesis ( ) indicates the outer pipe.

7.4.6

Example Special Piping Expression


(1)

In case that more thicker than line number class needs to be used, it should be
expressed as follow: It should be precisely described in the note section of drawing.

(2)

In case that it is difficult to show it as class symbol (i.e. Shut, Trough, Duct, etc.),
it should show as follow:

*
150*200 TROUGH

( STAI NLESS STEEL)

*
300*500 DUCT

( CARBON STEEL)

Note: If necessary, number can be inserted into the * area.

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7.4.7

Job Specification
When there is a strong request by the project owner or licenser, both SECLs numbering and
other number methods can be employed. In this case, these two numbering may need to be
used together. (Expression method and content should be determined separately based on
the job specification).

7.5

Continuity Expression between Drawing Sheets


Expression method for connecting each other between P&ID, P&ID and UFD, UFD is provided in
Section 2.2.4 (1) (4) in page 10.
7.6

Expression of B.L, B.V, B.C


7.6.1

Example for B.L (i.e. Battery Limit) Expression

Regarding connection symbol with B.L., refer to Section 2.2.4 (6) in page 15.
(1)

Main material line

(2)

General Process Line and Utility Line

(3)

Line from Bombe supplied by Customer

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LPG Cylinder By Customer

7.6.2

B.V (i.e. By Vendor) Expression


Regarding connection with the vendor drawing, refer to Section 2.2.4 (4) in page 13. It
should be checked later with Vendors connection list.
(1)

For Single Equipment Item


In principle, B.L should be indicated at piping or nozzle that is connected with the vendor
portion.

(2)

For Packaged Item

(3)

In case that some parts of piping is belonging to the vendor.

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7.6.3

Example for B.C. (i.e. By Customer) Expression


Use the same method described in above Section 7.6.2.

7.7

Expression of Specification Break and Design Break


7.7.1

Specification Break
(1)

Expression in case that piping specification symbol is different in the middle of

pipe line
(a) As an example for the case that material powder is to be collected as a product, no
rust contamination is allowable for the product. However, since the by-product has no
problem with rust contamination, by using different piping material break is marked.

(c)
In case that branch line becoming the above round line from underground line.

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(2)

Showing upstream and down stream of control valve

(a)
In principle, specification break of control valve down stream has to be done as shown in
(i). However, when maximum allowable working pressure of block valve and piping at
down stream is equal to or higher than typical maximum pressure at normal operation
of upstream piping, as shown in following (ii), block valve has to be shown identical
with specification symbol of down flow piping. Also, when safety valve is to be
installed between pressure control valve and block valve, the symbol of piping
specification is absolutely identical with the symbol of down flow block valve.

(i)
To ATM

(ii)

(b)

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When piping material is to be connected to other type of material, replace with high class
material for both control valve and by-pass valve.

(c)

In case that upstream and downstream material of control valve is different


Use high class material for both control valve and by-pass valve, and the position of
the class break position after control valve is as follow:

(d)

When the control valve connecting point that is minimum 300 lbs by job specification
is to be installed at 150lb piping system,

(3)

Expression of Steam Trap Circuit


The position of specification-break for the Steam-Trap Down Stream is as shown in (a).
However, when the maximum allowable working pressure of up-stream is lower than that
for the down-stream, its position can be relocated as shown in (b).
(a)

(b)

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(4)

SEM - 9461E

Expression around Equipment

(a) Use the same kind of material for all the nozzles and flanges attached at tower and
reactor. When they are to be connected to the different piping material, show break
as shown in (b). Regarding the piping connected to inner coil and jacket, when the
fluid inside of pipe is not directly contacted with the fluid inside of tower and reactor, it
does not need to show break even if they consist of different material of construction.

(b) Even though all theA5K specification symbols are applicable for the nozzle and
flange of corrosive gas absorber tower, the following example is for that it is all right to
use A2A symbol for the purified top gas.

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(c)

SEM - 9461E

As an example for batch type reactor, B2K is necessary for the ball valve attached
to the reactor body due to high pressure during reaction. However, it is all right to use
A1K or A6K for the inlet and outlet piping as shown in the following example:

(d)

In case that connecting pipe specification symbol is different due to interior material
change of reactor:

(i)

Tower example:

(ii)

In case that material of construction of filer element upstream and downstream is


different: Piping specification change (A6S A1X) due to the filter body material
change from carbon steel to galvanized carbon steel.

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Note: Break requirement should be based on connected piping material symbol


(including instrument valve), not based on equipment body material of
construction. So, even if the * portion is SUS 304 or resin lining, in case
that, as piping material, AIX (galvanized carbon steel) is good, it is all right
to show as described in (b).
(e)

The connected piping specification symbol can be different due to different inlet and
outlet pressure of rotating machinery (i.e. pump, compressor). But it does not need to
provide break mark around rotating machinery. It just needs to show material symbol
at both drain valve and vent valve outlet of rotating machinery.

(4)

Specification Break at Safety Valve inlet and outlet

In general, inlet outlet piping specification of safety valve is different. There are many
cases that it is not coincide with the pipe of connected flange. In this case, specification
break around the valve would be showing as follow:
(a) When piping specification of valve inlet and outlet is identical, break expression is not
necessary.

(c)
When any one side or both side of valve inlet and outlet is different with the piping
specification, it should show as follow:
(i)

In case that outlet flange is different,

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(ii)

7.7.2

SEM - 9461E

In case that both flange is different with piping specification

Design Break
(1)

This is an example for that, though chilled water is generally employed, cooling water

line is connected as an emergency backup in case of chilled water failure. Based on fluid
name and presence or absent of insulation, design break application has to be
determined.

(2)

Others

When fluid name is changed, design break should be shown


Refer to Section (a) page 174, 7.10.1 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Check page number xxx
7.8

Grounding Expression of Static Electricity


As a rule, grounding of static electricity is applicable for all piping and equipment handling fluid and
powder materials that are easily electrically chargeable and hydrocarbon substances having less
electric conductivity. Though, it does not need to show in P&ID and UFD, but directive
memorandum can be given to related department. In case that, according to job specific
requirement, it need to indicate that, the grounding symbol as shown in Section 7.3.10 has to be

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added.
7.8.1

Grounding of Equipment Static Electricity

7.8.2

Grounding of Piping Static Electricity

Note:

When it places between equipment, grounding should be shown on both equipment


side and it should also be shown on all piping.

7.9

Expression on Internal Pressure and Leak Test and Initial Start


Temporary piping and facilities which is used for performance test at construction site such as vent
valve, drain valve, temporary recycle piping, raw material or intermediate product injection facilities
and special equipment should not generally be shown in P&ID and UFD. Commissioning engineer
should handle these by preparing special P&ID and UFD. When necessary to show it particularly,
refer to the following example:
7.9.1

Example for vent valve and drain valve for test

Note: Temporary valves installed at high temperature and pressure, toxic, flammable fluid
system can be removed if they are unnecessary at the maintenance point of view.
Generally, branched line can be cut off and safely sealed after attaching plug by
welding.
7.9.2

Example of Temporary Strainer

Note: Though a permanent strainer is installed, temporary strainer should be inserted at the
suction line of rotating machinery such as pump and compressor, and place piping so

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that assembling is easy. Strainer body is generally cone type punch-plate. But, when
it needs to be connected to large diameter pipe, Y or T type permanent strainer can
be used.
7.9.3

Example of Temporary Circulation Piping

7.9.4

Example of Raw Material or Intermediate Product


(1)

Supply through Drum

(a)
Vertical Motor Pump Method

(b)
Vertical Air Pump Method

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There is a case that pressure relief valve at AP piping is required.

(c)
Manual Pump Method

(d)

When it exists as solid state inside of drum, it should consider if necessary to melt it
for liquefaction or crushing.

(2)

Unloading to Tank Lorry

(a) Unloading of Atmospheric Tank Lorry


Example (i)

Note:

When design pressure of Tank Lorry is lower than that of GN piping, safety
valve is necessary.

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(b)

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Unloading of Atmospheric Tank Lorry


Example (ii)

Note:

Strainer can be inserted at the pump suction side. As shown in above two
examples, after completion of supplying from tank lorry, fluid remained in
piping is transferred to 3/4B drain valve by connecting the nitrogen, plant air
and water.

(c)

Example of Pressurized Tank Lorry Unloading

Note:

When handling the material that can flow but does not burn at the flare
stack, vent stack is necessary. In this case, nitrogen purging and steam out
for the inside of piping is needed.

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7.9.5

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Example of Temporary Piping and Facilities for use of the Site Performance Test and
Special Equipment