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TERMOKIMIA

Nama: ..Tingkatan .. Skor :..


1. Which of the following is an example of endothermic reaction?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah contoh bagi tindak balas endotermik?
A Solid sodium hydroxide dissolved in distilled water
Pepejal natrium hidroksida dilarutkan dalam air suling
B Solid ammonium nitrate dissolved in distilled water
Pepejal ammonium nitrat dilarutkan dalam air suling
C Dilute hydrochloric acid added to silver nitrate solution
Asid hidroklorik cair ditambahkan kepada larutan argentum nitrat
D Dilute hydrochloric acid added to potassium hydroxide solution
Asid hidroklorik cair ditambahkan kepada larutan kalium hidroksida
2. Which statement is correct about exothermic reaction?
Pernyataan manakah yang betul mengenai tindak balas eksotermik?
A The heat absorbed during bond breaking is more than the heat released during bond formation
Haba yang diserap semasa pemecahan ikatan adalah lebih daripada haba yang dibebaskan
semasa pembentukan ikatan.
B The heat absorbed during bond breaking is less than the heat released during bond formation
Haba yang diserap semasa pemecahan ikatan adalah kurang daripada haba yang
dibebaskan semasa pembentukan ikatan
C The heat absorbed during bond breaking is equal to the heat released during bond formation
Haba yang diserap semasa pemecahan ikatan adalah sama dengan haba yang dibebaskan
semasa pembentukan ikatan
D No heat is absorbed or released during bond breaking and bond formation
Tiada haba diserap atau dibebaskan semasa pemecahan ikatan dan pembentukan ikatan
3. Cold packs contain chemicals that react to absorb heat. Which substance is used in cold packs?
Pek sejuk mengandungi bahan kimia yang bertindak balas untuk menyerap haba. Bahan
manakah yang digunakan dalam pek sejuk?
A
B
C
D

Calcium chloride /Kalsium klorida


Sodium carbonate /Natrium karbonat
Magnesium sulphate / Magnesium sulfat
Ammonium nitrate / Ammonium nitrat

4. Which pair produces the highest heat of neutralisation?


Pasangan manakah yang menghasilkan haba peneutralan paling tinggi?
A Methanoic acid and sodium hydroxide solution
Asid metanoik dan larutan natrium hidroksida
B Sulphuric acid and potassium hydroxide solution
Asid sulfurik dan larutan kalium hidroksida
C Hydrochloric acid and potassium hydroxide solution
Asid hidroklorik dan larutan kalium hidroksida
D Ethanoic acid and sodium hydroxide solution
Asid etanoik dan larutan natrium hidroksida

5. Diagram 1 shows the energy profile for the reaction between X and Y to produce Z.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan profil tenaga bagi satu tindak balas antara X dan Y menghasilkan Z.

Diagram 1 / Rajah 1
What is the activation energy of the reaction and the type of reaction?
Apakah tenaga pengaktifan tindak balas dan jenis tindakbalas itu?

Activation energy / kJ
Tenaga pengaktifan / kJ
250

250

189

180

Types of reaction
Jenis tindak balas
Exothermic
Eksotermik
Endothermic
Endotermik
Exothermic
Eksotermik
Endothermic
Endotermik

6. Diagram 2 shows an energy level diagram for the decomposition of calcium carbonate.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan aras tenaga untuk penguraian kalsium karbonat.
Energy
CaO + CO2
H = + 570 kJ mol-1
CaCO3
Diagram 2/Rajah 2
Which statement can be deduced from Diagram 2?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah boleh dirumuskan daripada Rajah 2?
A
B
C
D

Heat is absorbed in the reaction


Haba diserap dalam tindakbalas tersebut
The reaction is exothermic
Tindak balas tersebut adalah eksotermik
Total energy of the reactant and the product is 570 kJ
Jumlah tenaga bagi bahantindak balas dan hasil tindak balas adalah 570 kJ
The reactant has more energy than the products
Bahan tindak balas mempunyai lebih tenaga daripada hasil tindak balas

7. The equation represents the reaction between Ag + and Cl- ions.


Persamaan mewakili tindak balas antara ion Ag+ dan ion Cl- .
Ag+

Cl-

AgCl ; H = - 65 kJ mol-1

Which of the following is true about the equation ?


Antara berikut, yang manakah betul tentang persamaan itu?
A
B
C
D

Endothermic reaction occurs /Tindakbalas endotermik berlaku


Heat is released to the surroundings / Haba dibebaskan ke persekitaran
The temperature of the product decreases / Suhu hasil tindakbalas berkurang.
65 kJ of heat absorbed when 1 mole of silver chloride is formed / 65 kJ haba diserap apabila
1 mol argentum klorida terbentuk

8. What is the meaning of heat of neutralization?


Apakah maksud haba peneutralan?
A The heat absorbed when acid reacts with an alkali
Haba yang diserap apabila asid bertindak balas dengan alkali
B The heat released when acid reacts with alkali
Haba yang dibebaskan apabila asid bertindak balas dengan alkali
C The heat change when one mole of water is formed from the reaction between acid and alkali
Perubahan haba apabila satu mol air terbentuk daripada tindak balas antara asid dengan
alkali
D The heat change when one mole of salt is formed from the reaction between acid and alkali
Perubahan haba apabila satu mol garam terbentuk daripada tindak balas antara asid
dengan alkali
9. Carbon burns in oxygen in a reaction as shown in the equation below.
Karbon terbakar dalam oksigen seperti ditunjukkan dalam persamaan dibawah
C(s)

O2(g)

CO2 (g)

: H = - 394 kJ mol-1

What is the mass of carbon that must be burnt completely to produce 78.8 kJ of heat?
Berapakah jisim karbon yang mesti terbakar untuk menghasilkan 78.8 kJ haba?
A
B
C
D

0.2 g
1.2 g
2.4 g
6.0 g

10. The following is a thermochemical equation.


Berikut ialah suatu persamaan termokimia.
Fe + CuSO4 -- > FeSO4 + Cu ; H = -150 kJ mol-1
What is the heat change when 3.2 g of copper is formed in this reaction?
[Relative atomic mass: Cu = 64]
Berapakah perubahan haba apabila 3.2 g kuprum terbentuk dalam tindak balas ini?
[Jisim atom relatif: Cu = 64]
A 1.37 kJ
B 7.50 kJ
C 46.90 kJ

D 480.00 kJ
11. In an experiment 100 cm3 of dilute hydrochloric acid solution is mixed with 100 cm3 sodium
hydroxide solution in a polystyrene cup. The concentrations of the two solutions are the same.
During the mixing the temperature of the mixture increased by 7 C. What is the heat released in
the experiment?
[Specific heat capacity of the solution is 4.2 Jg-1C-1]
Dalam satu eksperimen 100 cm3 larutan asid hidroklorik carir dicampur dengan 100 cm3 larutan
natrium hidroksida di dalam cawan polistirena.Kepekatan kedua-dua larutan adalah sama.
Semasa percampuran suhu campuran itu bertambah sebanyak 70C. Apakah haba yang
dibebaskan dalam eksperimen ini?
[Muatan haba tentu air = 4.2 J g-1 C-1]
A
B
C
D

1 470 J
2 940 J
4 410 J
5 880 J

12. 100 cm3 of water is heated by the burning of a sample of ethanol. The heat released by the
combustion is 10.5 kJ. What is the maximum increases in temperature of the water? [Specific heat
capacity of water = 4.2 J g-1 C-1]
100 cm3 air dipanaskan dengan pembakaran suatu sampel etanol. Haba dibebaskan daripada
pembakaran itu ialah 10.5 kJ. Berapakah kenaikan maksimum suhu air itu?
[Muatan haba tentu air = 4.2 J g-1 C-1]
A
B
C
D

0.025 C
0.25 C
2.5 C
25 C