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SEBATIAN KARBON

Nama: ..Tingkatan .. Skor :..


1. What is the meaning of saturated hydrocarbons?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan hidrokarbon tepu?
A
B

Compounds containing only hydrogen atoms and carbon atoms


Sebatian yang mengandungi atom hidrogen dan atom karbon sahaja
Compounds containing only hydrogen atoms and carbon atoms with only single bond
Sebatian yang mengandungi atom hidrogen dan atom karbon sahaja dengan hanya ikatan
tunggal
Compounds containing only hydrogen atoms and carbon atoms with one double bonds
Sebatian yang mengandungi atom hidrogen dan atom karbon sahaja dengan satu ikatan
ganda dua
Compounds containing only hydrogen atoms and carbon atoms with one triple bonds
Sebatian yang mengandungi atom hidrogen dan atom karbon sahaja dengan satu ikatan
ganda tiga

2. Which of the following is correct about alkanes?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah betul tentang alkana?
A

The compound has hydroxyl group


Sebatian mempunyai kumpulan hidroksil

The compound is a saturated hydrocarbon


Sebatian adalah satu hidrokarbon tepu

The compound has general formula of CnH2n


Sebatian mempunyai formula am CnH2n

The compound consists of double bond between carbon atoms


Sebatian mengandungi ikatan ganda dua antara atom-atom karbon

3. What are the products formed when propane is burnt in excess oxygen?
Apakah bahan yang terhasil apabila propana terbakar dalam oksigen berlebihan?
I
II
III
IV

Water/Air
Carbon/Karbon
Carbon dioxide/Karbon dioksida
Carbon monoxide/Karbon monoksida

A
B
C
D

I and II/ I dan II


I and III/ I dan III
II and IV/ II dan IV
III and IV/ III dan IV

4. Which substance coagulates latex?


Bahan manakah yang menggumpalkan lateks?
A
B
C
D

Ammonia / Ammonia
Formic acid / Asid formik
Sodium chloride / Natrium klorida
Sodium hydroxide / Natrium hidroksida

5. Diagram 1 shows the structural formulae of two hydrocarbons.


Rajah 1 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi dua hidrokarbon.

Diagram 1/Rajah 1
Which property of both compounds is similar?
Sifat manakah yang sama bagi kedua-dua sebatian?
A
B
C
D

Melting point/ Takat lebur


Molar mass/ Jisim molar
Solubility/ Keterlarutan
Density/ Ketumpatan

6. Diagram 2 shows the structural formula of an organic compound.


Rajah 2 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi satu sebatian organik.

Diagram 2 /Rajah 2
What is the IUPAC name for this compound?
Apakah nama IUPAC bagi sebatian ini?
A
B
C
D

2-pentene/ 2-pentena
2-methyl-1-butene/ 2-metil-1-butena
2-methyl-2-butene/ 2-metil-2-butena
3-methyl-3-butene/ 3-metil-2-butena

7. Diagram 3 shows a process of preparing margarine from palm oil through process X.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan proses menyediakan marjerin daripada minyak kelapa sawit melalui
proses X.

Diagram 3/ Rajah 3
What is process X?
Apakah proses X?
A
B
C
D

Halogenation / Penghalogenan
Hydrogenation / Penghidrogenan
Saponification / Saponifikasi
Oxidation /Pengoksidaan

8. Diagram 4 represents the structural formula of but-1-ene.


Rajah 4 mewakili formula struktur bagi but-1-ena.
H H H H
| | | |
HC=CCCH
| |
H H
Diagram 4/Rajah 4
Which of the following is the structural formula and name for an isomer of but-1-ene?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah formula struktur dan nama bagi isomer but-1-ena?
A

2-methylpropene
2-metillpropena

But-3-ene
But-3-ena
C

2-methylprop2ene
2-metilprop 2 ena

2-methylprop2ene
2-metilprop 2 ena

9. Which of the following pairs of homologous series and general formula is correct?
Antara berikut yang manakah pasangan siri homologus dan formula umumnya betul?

A
B
C
D

Homologous
Siri Homologous

General formula
Formula Umum

Alkane
Alkana
Alkene
Alkena
Alcohol
Alkohol
Carboxylic acid
Asid Karboksilik

CnHn+2
CnH2n+1
CnH2n+1OH
CnHn+1COOH

10. Diagram 5 shows the structural formula of a polymer


Rajah 5 menunjukkan formula struktur satu polimer.

Diagram 5/ Rajah 5
Which of the following is the structural formula for its monomer?
Antara berikut yang manakah formula struktur bagi monomernya?
A

11. A pupil wants to produce a rubber strip that is harder and resistant to heat. He dips the rubber strip
in a beaker containing methylbenzene and substance Q. What is substance Q?
Seorang pelajar ingin menghasilkan kepingan getah yang lebih keras dan tahan haba.
Dia mencelupkan kepingan getah itu ke dal am bikar yang mengandungi metilbenzena dan bahan
Q. Apakah bahan Q?
A
B
C
D

Potassium hydroxide/ Kalium hidroksida


Disulphur dichloride/ Disulfur diklorida
Hydrogen chloride/ Hidrogen klorida
Ethanoic acid/Asid etanoik

12. Which statement is correct about fats and oils?


Penyataan manakah yang betul mengenai lemak dan minyak?
A Fats and oils are not important because lead to health problems
Lemak dan minyak tidak penting kerana membawa masalah kesihatan
B Fats found in animals while oils found in plants
Lemak didapati dalam haiwan manakala minyak didapati dalam tumbuhan
C Fats and oils are mixtures of organic acids and glycerol
Lemak dan minyak adalah campuran asid organik dan gliserol
D Fats and oils are chemically different
Lemak dan minyak berbeza daripada segi kimia

13. Diagram 6 shows the set-up of the apparatus for a reaction.


Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi suatu tindak balas.

Diagram 6/ Rajah 6
What is the reaction?
Apakah tindak balas itu?
A
B
C
D

Esterification/ pengesteran
Cracking/ peretakan
dehydration/ pendehidratan
oxidation/ pengoksidaan

14. Which of the following is the structural formula of ester?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah formula struktur bagi suatu ester?
A

CH3 CH2 OH

O
CH3 C
OH

|
CH3 O C CH3

||
CH3 C O CH3

|
H
15. Which pair is correctly matched?
Pasangan manakah yang dipadankan dengan betul?
Polymer
Monomer
Polimer
Monomer
A
Starch
Glucose
Kanji
Glukosa
B
Natural rubber
Amino acid
Getah asli
Asid amino
C
Protein
Isoprene
Protein
Isoprena
D
Polythene
Propene

Politena

Propena