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ANSI/HI 1.1-1.2-2000 I .

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American National Standard for

Centrifugal
Pumps
for Nomenclature and
Definitions

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9 Sylvan Way
Parsippany, New Jersey
07054-3802
www.pumps.org

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ANSI/HI 1.1-1.2-2000

....

American National Standard for

Centrifugal Pumps
for Nomenclature and Definitions

Sponsor

Hydraulic Institute
www.pumps.org

Approved August 11, 1999

American National Standards Institute, Inc.


( \ Recycled
. , paper

American
National
Standard

Approval of an American National Standard requires verification by ANSI that the


requirements for due process, consensus and other criteria for approval have been met
by the standards developer.
Consensus is established when, in the judgement of the ANSI Board of Standards
Review, substantial agreement has been reached by directly and materially affected
interests. Substantial agreement means much more than a simple majority, but not necessarily unanimity. Consensus requires that all views and objections be considered,
and that a concerted effort be made toward their resolution.
The use of American National Standards is completely voluntary; their existence does
not in any respect preclude anyone, whether he has approved the standards or not,
from manufacturing, marketing, purchasing, or using products, processes, or procedures not conforming to the standards.
The American National Standards Institute does not develop standards and will in no
circumstances give an interpretation of any American National Standard. Moreover, no
person shall have the right or authority to issue an interpretation of an American
National Standard in the name of the American National Standards Institute. Requests
for interpretations should be addressed to the secretariat or sponsor whose name
appears on the title page of this standard.
CAUTION NOTICE: This American National Standard may be revised or withdrawn at
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Published By

Hydraulic Institute
9 Sylvan Way, Parsippany, NJ 07054-3802
www.pumps.org

Copyright 2000 Hydraulic Institute


All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form,
in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without prior
written permission of the publisher.

Printed in the United States of America


ISBN 1-880952-27-0

Contents
Page
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. vii
Centrifugal pumps

1
1.1

Types and nomenclature ...................................... .

1.1.1

Scope ................................................... .

1.1.2

Definition of a centrifugal pump .............................. .

1.1.3 Types of kinetic pumps ..................................... .


1.1.4

Impeller designs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

1.1.5 Construction drawings ...................................... 4


1.1.6 General information ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
1.1.7 Centrifugal pumps nomenclature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
1.2

Definitions................................................. 55

1.2.1

Rate of flow (capacity) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

1.2.2 Speed.................................................. 55
1.2.3

Head................................................... 55

1.2.4 Condition pOints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58


1.2.5

Suction conditions ...................................... , .. 58

1.2.6

Power.................................................. 58

1.2.7

Pump pressures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

1.2.8

Impeller balancing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Appendix A

References.......................................... 62

Appendix B

Index ................................... ........... 63

Figures
1.1 -

Kinetic type pumps ....... : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1

1.2 - Comparison of pump profiles ................................... 3


1.3 -

Radial flow pump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

1.4 -

Mixed flow pump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 3

1.5 - Axial flow pump ............................................. 4


1.6 -

Overhung impeller - close couple single stage - end suction .......... 4

1.7 - Overhung impeller - close coupled single stage - diffuser styleend suction - submersible ............................. : . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.8 -

Overhung impeller - close coupled single stage - submersible . . . . . . . . 6

1.9 - Overhung impeller - close coupled single stage - in-line


(showing seal and packing) ......................................... 7

iii

1.10 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - in-line flexible coupling. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8
1.11 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - in-line rigid coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 9
1.12 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage frame mounted .. '................. : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 10
1.13 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage frame mounted - lined pump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 11
1.14 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage centerline support - API 610 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 12
1.15 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage frame mounted - ANSI 873.1 ...................................... 13
1.16 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage wet pit volute ................................................. "

14

1.17 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage axial flow - horizontal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 15
1.18 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled single stage - axial (horizontal) split case. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 16
1.19 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled single stage - raoial (vertical) split case ., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 17
1.20 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled multistage axial (horizontal) split case. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 18
1.21 -

Impeller between bearings - separately coupled multistage radial (vertical) split case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 19

1.22 -Impeller between bearings - separately coupledmultistage radial (vertical) split - double casing ......................... 20

1.23 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage frame mounted - mixed flow ......................... ; ............. 21
1.24 - Regenerative turbine - side channel single stage ................. 22
1.25 - Regenerative turbine - peripheral single stage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
1.26 - Regenerative turbine - impeller between bearings - two stage . . . . . . 23
1.27 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stageframe mounted - self-priming ...................................... 24
1.28 - Pump shaft rotation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 26
1.29 - Horizontal pump rotation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
1.30 - Vertical pump rotation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 26
1.31 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled - single stageframe mounted. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 39
1.32 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled - single stage frame mounted - pump on base plate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
1.33 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage centerline mounted .............................................. 41

1.34 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage centerline mounted - pump on base plate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

iv

1.35 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage centerline mounted (top suction) .................................... 43
1 .36 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage centerline mounted pump on base plate (top suction) .................... 44
1.37 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled single stage axial (horizontal) split case pump on base plate .............. 45
1.38 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled single stage axial (horizontal) split case ............................... 46
1.39 - Overhung impeller - close coupled - single stage - end suction ..... 47
1.40 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled - single stage frame mounted (vertically mounted) .................................. 47
1.41 - Stuffing-box area .......................................... 48
1.42 - Dimensions for types JM and JP alternating current
face-mounting close-coupled pump motors having rolling contact bearings . . . 50
1.43 - Standard dimensions for HI - NEMA type HP and HPH vertical
solid-shaft motors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
1.44 -

Datum elevations for various pump designs ..................... 55

1.45 -

High-energy versus low-energy pumps (metric) .................. 59

1.46 -

High-energy versus low-energy pumps (US units) ................ 60

Tables
1.1 -

Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing .............. 27

1.2 -

Centrifugal pump nomenclature - numerical listing ................ 35

1.3 - Dimensions for Type JM alternating-current face-mounting


close-coupled pump motors ........................................ 51
1.4 - Dimensions for Type JP alternating-current face-mounting
close-coupled pump motors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
1.5 - Standard dimensions for HI - NEMA Type HP and HPH vertical
solid-shaft motors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
1.6 -

Symbols. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

1.7 - Subscripts ................................................ 57

This page intentionally blank.

Foreword (Not part of Standard)


Purpose and aims of the Hydraulic Institute
The purpose and aims of the Institute are to promote the continued growth and
well-being of pump manufacturers and further the interests of the public in such
matters as are involved in manufacturing, engineering, distribution, safety, transportation and other problems of the industry, and to this end, among other things:
a) To develop and publish standards for pumps;
b) To collect and disseminate information of value to its members 'and to the
public;
c) To appear for its members before governmental departments and agencies
and other bodies in regard to matters affecting the industry;
d) To increase the amount and to improve the quality of pump service to the public;
e) To support educational and research activities;
f) To promote the business interests of its members but not to engage in business of the kind ordinarily carried on for profit or to perform particular services
for its members or individual persons as distinguished from activities to
improve the business conditions and lawful interests of all of its members;

Purpose of Standards
1) Hydraulic Institute Standards are adopted in the public interest and are
designed to help eliminate misunderstandings between the manufacturer,
the purchaser and/or the user and to assist the purchaser in selecting and
obtaining the proper product for a particular need.
2)

Use of Hydraulic Institute Standards is completely voluntary. Existence of


Hydraulic Institute Standards does not in any respect preclude a member
from manufacturing or selling products not conforming to the Standards.

Definition of a Standard of the Hydraulic Institute


Quoting from Article XV, Standards, of the By-Laws of the Institute, Section B:
"An Institute Standard defines the product, material, process or procedure with
reference to one or more of the following: nomenclature, composition, construction, dimensions, tolerances, safety, operating characteristics, performance, quality, rating, testing and service for which designed."

Comments from users


Comments from users of this Standard will be appreciated, to help the Hydraulic
Institute prepare even more useful future editions. Questions arising from the content of this Standard may be directed to the Hydraulic Institute. It will direct all
such questions to the appropriate technical committee for provision of a suitable
answer.
If a dispute arises regarding contents of an Institute publication or an answer provided by the Institute to a question such as indicated above, the point in question
shall be referred to the Executive Committee of the Hydraulic Institute, which then
shall act as a Board of Appeals.

vii

Revisions
The Standards of the Hydraulic Institute are subject to constant review, and revisions are undertaken whenever it is found necessary because of new developments and progress in the art. If no revisions are made for five years, the
standards are reaffirmed using the ANSI canvass procedure.

Units of Measurement
Metric units of measurement are used; and corresponding US units appear in
brackets. Charts, graphs and sample calculations are also shown in both metric
and US units.
Since values given in metric units are not exact equivalents to values given in US
units, it is important that the selected units of measure to be applied be stated in
reference to this standard. If no such statement is provided, metric units shall govern.

Consensus for this standard was achieved by use of the Canvass


Method
The following organizations, recognized as having an interest in the standardization of centrifugal pumps were contacted prior to the approval of this revision of
the standard. Inclusion in this list does not necessarily imply that the organization
concurred with the submittal of the proposed standard to ANSI.
A.R. Wilfley & Sons
ANSIMAG Inc.
Bechtel Corp.
Black & Veatch
Brown & Caldwell
Camp Dresser & McKee, Inc.
Carver Pump Company
Cheng Fluid Systems, Inc.
Crane Company, Chern pump Div.
Cuma SA
Dean Pump Div., Metpro Corp.
DeWante & Stowell
Dow Chemical
EnviroTech Pumpsystems
Essco Pump Division
Exeter Energy Ltd. Partnership
Fairbanks Morse Pump Corp.
Fluid Sealing Association
Franklin Electric
GKO Engineering
Grundfos Pumps Corp.
Illinois Dept. of Transportation
IMC - Agrico Chemical Corp.
Ingersoll-Dresser Pump Company
ITT Fluid Handling (8 & G)
ITT Fluid Technology
ITT Industrial Pump Group
Iwaki Walchem Corp.
J.P. Messina Pump & Hydr. Cons.
John Crane, Inc.
Krebs Consulting Service

viii

KSB, Inc.
M.W. Kellogg Company
Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.
Marine Machinery Association
Marley Pump Company
Marshall Engineered Products
Company
Montana State University
MWI, Moving Water Industries
Oxy Chern
Pacer Pumps
Paco Pumps, Inc.
Pinellas Cty, Gen. Servo Dept.
The Process Group, LLC
Raytheon Engineers & Constructors
Reddy-Buffaloes Pump, Inc.
Robert Bein, Wm. Frost & Assoc.
Scott Process Equipment Corp.
Settler Supply Company
Skidmore
South Florida Water Mgmt. Dist.
Sta-Rite Industries, Inc.
Sterling Fluid Systems (USA), Inc.
Ston~ & Webster Engineering Corp.
Sulzer Bingham Pumps, Inc.
Summers Engineering, Inc.
Systecon, Inc.
Val-Matic Valve & Mfg. Corp.
Yeomans Chicago Corp.
Zoeller Engineered Products

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

1
1.1

2000

Centrifugal pumps
1.1.2

Types and nomenclature

Definition of a centrifugal pump

Kinetic pumps may be classified by such methods as


impeller or casing configuration, end application of the
pump, specific speed or mechanical configuration. The
method used in Figure 1.1 is based primarily on
mechanical configuration.

A centrifugal pump is a kinetic machine converting


mechanical energy into hydraulic energy through centrifugal activity.

1.1.1

Centrifugal pumps are most commonly typed by their


general mechanical configuration. The broadest characteristics, which include virtually all centrifugal
pumps, are the following:

1.1.3

Scope

This Standard is for centrifugal and regenerative turbine pumps of all industrial/commercial types except
vertical single and multistage diffuser types. It includes
types and nomenclature.

~Iose coupled
smgle or two
stage

-C

End suction
(Including su-b-m-e-rs-ib-I-e-s)-- Fig. 1.6, 1.7, 1.8
In-line - - - - - - - - Fig. 1.9
In-line ANSI 873.2

Overhung
impeller

Fig. 1.10, 1.11

Frame mounted----- Fig. 1.12, 1.13, 1.23,


Centerline support
1.27
API-610
Fig. 1.14

Separately
coupled
single or
two stage

Centrifugal

Types of kinetic pumps

Frame mounted
ANSI 873.1

- - - Fig. 1.15

Wet pit volute

Fig. 1.16

Axial flow impeller (propeller)


.
(horiz. or vertical)
- Fig 1.17
Sealless

---r

Separately
coupled
Kinetic

Impeller {
between

single stage

bearings

Separately
coupe
I d
multistage

Magnetic drive
See HI 5.1-5.6
...
.
AXial (horlz.) split case - - Fig. 1.18

L Radial (vertical) split case

;-c

Axial (horiz.) split case - - Fig. 1.20


Radial (vertical) split case -

-[

Regenerative
turbine
- {

Side channel

Fig. 1.21, 1.22

- - - - - - - Fig. 1.26
M It" t
u IS age
- - - - - - - . , - - - - - - Fig. 1.24

centrifugal
------------I[ Reversible
Rotating casmg (pltOt tube)
Figure 1.1 -

Fig. 1.19

Single stage - - - - - Fig. 1.25

Peripheral

Special effect

See HI 5.1-5.6

Canned motor
- - - 1[

Kinetic type pumps

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature 1.1.3.1

2000

Overhung impeller type

In this group, the impeller (or impellers) is mounted on


the end of a shaft that is cantilevered or "overhung"
from its bearing supports.
These pumps are either close coupled, where the
impeller is mounted directly on the driver shaft; or separately coupled, where the impeller is mounted on a
separate pump shaft supported by its own bearing.

1.1.4.1

Specific speed

To understand impeller groupings better, a discussion


of specific speed may be helpful.

Specific speed is a correlation of pump rate of flow


head, and speed at optimum efficiency, which c1assi~
fies the pump impellers with respect to their geometric
similarity.
Specific speed is a number usually expressed as:

1.1.3.2

Impeller between bearing type

In this group, the impeller (or impellers) is mounted on


a shaft with bearings at both ends. The impeller is
mounted "between bearings."
These pumps are further separated as single stage
and multistage configurations.
1.1.3.3

Regenerative turbine type

A low rate of flow, high head pump utilizing p.eripheral


or side channel vanes or buckets on a rotating impeller
to impart energy to the pumped liquid. The liquid travels in a helical pattern through the impeller vanes and
accompanying flow passages, with the liquid pressure
increasing uniformly through the passages from inlet
port to outlet port.
1.1.3.4

Special variations

In addition to the mechanical configuration described


previously, there are some special variations of pumps
that are included in these general types but which
stand separately because of some special characteristic. Examples of these are:
a) Sewage pumps with nonclog impellers;
b) Abrasive pumps which may be made of hard metals or may have rubber lining;
c) Heating circulating pumps which are fractional
horsepower units for home heating systems;
d) Canned motor or magnetic drive pumps which do
not require mechanical seals or packing.

1.1.4

Impeller designs

Impeller designs are grouped as either radial flow,


mixed flow, or axial flow depending on their hydraulic
geometry. These are further described as follows:

nQ5
NS=H75

Where:
NS =

n =
Q

H =

Pump specific speed;


Rotative speed in revolutions per minute;
Rate of flow in m3 /h (gpm) at optimum
efficiency;
Total head in meters (feet) per stage

The specific speed of an impeller is defined as the rev- ..


?Iutiollns per minute at which a geometrically similar ..
Impe er would run if it were of such a size as to discharge one m3/hr (gpm) against one meter (foot) head.
Specific speed is not strictly dimensionless as indicated in Table 1.6, but those dimensions are not
shown for convenience.
Specific speed is indicative of the shape and characteristics of an impeller. It has been found that the ratios
of major dimensions vary uniformly with specific speed.
Specific speed is useful to the designer in predicting
proportions required and to the application engineer in
checking suction limitations of pumps. Proportions
vary with specific speed as shown in Figure 1.2.
Pumps are traditionally divided into three types: radial
flow, mixed flow, and axial flow. However, it can be
seen from Figure 1.2 that there is a continuous change
from the radial flow impeller, which develops pressure
principally by the action of centrifugal force, to the axial
flow impeller, which develops most of its head by the
propelling or lifting action of the vanes on the liquid.
In the specific speed range of approximately 1200 to
7000 (1000 to 6000), double suction impellers areA
used as frequently as single suction impellers.
~

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

Values of specific speeds

us Units

US Units

I
o

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

!'-como

CD

I!)

0
0
0
'<t

0
0
0

C'l

C')

0
0
0

I!)

0
0
0

CD

0
0
0

!'-

00
00
00

0
0
0

co

0
0
0

m~

0
0
0
0

I!)

,....

C'l

-::- Impeller shrouds


-

Impeller shrouds

Impeller hub

Francis-vane area

Radial-vane area

Mixed-flow area

Axial-flow area

Metric

_ Axis of
rotation
Metric

o
o

o
o
o

a
a

<0

C'l

o
o
oC')

o
o
a
a

o
o
o
o

C'l

NOTE: Profiles of several pump impeller designs ranging from low specific speed radial flow on the left to a high specific
speed axial flow on the right. placed according to where each design fits on the specific speed scale.

Figure 1.2 -

Comparison of pump profiles, single suction pumps

~ SHAFT

Figure 1.3 1.1.4.2

Radial flow pump

Suction specific speed

Figure 1.4 1.1.4.4

Mixed flow pump

Francis vane

Suction specific speed is an index number for a centrifugal pump similar. to discharge specific speed and is
used to define its suction characteristic. See HI 1.32000 Section 1.3.4.1.15.

Radial flow impellers with double curvature of the


vanes at the inlet.

1.1.4.3

This type of pump has a single inlet impeller with the


flow entering axially and discharging in an axial and
radial direction. Pumps of this type usually have a specific speed from 4900 to 10.500 (4200 to 9000) (see
Figure 1.4).

Radial flow

Pumps of this type with single inlet impellers usually


have a specific speed below 4900 (4200). and with
~. double suction impellers. a specific speed below 7000
~ (6000). In pumps of this type, the liquid enters the
- impeller at the hub and flows radially to the periphery
(see Figure 1.3).

1.1.4.5

Mixed flow

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature 1.1.4.6

2000

Axial flow

1.1.5

A pump of this type, sometimes called a propeller


pump, has a single inlet impeller with the flow entering
axially and discharging nearly axially. Pumps of this
type usually have a specific speed above 10,500
(9000) (see Figure 1.5).

Construction drawings

The construction drawings on the following pages


were prepared to provide a means for identifying the
various pump types covered by the HI Standards and
also to serve as the basis for a common language
between the purchaser, manufacturer and specification writer.

Generally the individual part names on these drawings


are numbered such that rotating parts have been
assigned even numbers while non-rotating parts have
been assigned odd numbers. There are a few exceptions however.

Figure 1.5 -

Axial flow pump

In cases where a pump may use two or more parts


that are of the same generic type but different geometries (e.g., gaskets) this difference is indicated by the
addition of a letter suffix to the item number (e.g., 73A,
738, etc.).

71

Casing
Impeller

32

40

Deflector

65

Seal, mechanical, stationary element

6 Shaft
14 Sleeve, shaft
26 Screw, impeller

69
71

Lockwasher

32

80

Key, impeller
Figure 1.6 -

73

73

Adapter
Gasket
Seal, mechanical rotating element

Overhung impeller - close couple single stage - end suction

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000

18
6
201
223
222
35

16

89

31

89

5
2
9

24

Impeller

31

Hou~ng,bearinginboa~

Diffuser

35

Cover, bearing, inboard

Shaft

89

Seal, mechanical

Cover, suction

201

Housing, stator

16

Bearing, inboard

222

Assembly, rotor core

18

Bearing, outboard
Nut, impeller

223

Assembly, stator core

24

Figure 1.7 - Overhung impeller - close coupled single


stage - diffuser style - end suction - submersible

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

201

18

223

222
6
16

31

35
89
89
24
2

Casing

24

Nut, impeller

Impeller

31

Housing, bearing, inboard

Shaft

35

Cover, bearing, inboard

Ring, casing

89

Seal, mechanical

Ring, impeller

201

Housing, stator

16

Bearing, inboard

222

Assembly, rotor cover

18

Bearing, outboard

223

Assembly, stator core

Figure 1.8 -

Overhung impeller - close coupled single stage - submersible

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

~71

40
14

13

17

89
11
73

<t

Casing

17

Gland

Impeller

40

Deflector

Cover, seal chamber


Packing

71

Adapter

13

73

Gasket, casing

14

Sleeve, shaft

89 Seal, mechanical

2
11

Figure 1.9 - Overhung impeller - close coupled single


stage - in-line (showing seal and packing)

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000

33

18
99
6
16
14

17
89
II

Figure 1.10 -

Casing

Impeller

Shaft, pump

11 Cover, seal chamber


14 Sleeve, shaft
-16 Bearing, inboard
17 Gland
18

Bearing, outboard

33
40

Cap, bearing, outboard


Deflector

42

Coupling half, driver

44
47
49
73
81
88
89
99

Coupling half, pump


Seal, bearing cover, inboard
Seal, bearing cover, outboard
Gasket
Pedestal, driver
Spacer, coupling
Seal
Housing, bearing

Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - in-line - flexible coupling

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

86
70

81

46

66

32

pq

'-'-

117

11

25

Casing

46

Key, coupling

Impeller

66

Nut, shaft adjusting

Shaft, pump

70

Coupling, shaft

Ring, casing

73

Gasket

8 Ring, impeller
11 Cover, seal chamber
24 Nut, impeller
27

Ring, cover

32

Key, impeller

Figure 1.11 -

81

Pedestal, driver

86

Ring, thrust, split

89

Seal

117

Bushing, pressure reducing

Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - in-line - rigid coupling

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

c
25

~~L_28

24

t
73

2
6

9
13
14
16
17
18
19
22
24
25

Casing

27

Ring, stuffing-box cover

Impeller

28

Gasket, impeller screw

Shaft, pump

29

Ring, lantern

Cover, suction

32

Key, impeller

Packing

Cover, bearing, inboard

Sleeve, shaft

35
37

Bearing, inboard
Gland

38

Gasket, shaft sleeve

40

Deflector

47

Seal, bearing cover, inboard

Bearing, outboard
Frame

73

Cover, bearing, outboard

49

Seal, bearing cover, outboard

Locknut, bearing
Nut, impeller

69

Lockwasher

73

Gasket

Ring, suction cover

78

Spacer, bearing

Figure 1.12 -

10

40

Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - frame mounted

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

1C

Casing, suction half

22

Locknut, bearing

1D

Casing, gland half

Cover, bearing, inboard

Impeller

35
37

Shaft

40

Cover, bearing, outboard


Deflector

9
16

Cover, suction

47

Seal, bearing cover, inboard

Bearing, inboard

49

Seal, bearing cover, outboard

18

Bearing, outboard
Frame

65

Seal, mechanical, stationary element

66

19
21A

Liner, suction cover

71

Nut, shaft adjusting


Adapter

21B

Liner, cover

80

Seal, mechanical, rotating element

21C

Liner, casing, suction half

99

Housing, bearing

21D

Liner, casing, gland half

Figure 1.13 -

2000

Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - frame mounted - lined pump

11

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000

99

45

35

14

73C

40A

60

16

18

408

46

69

Casing
Impeller

35

Cover, bearing, inboard

37

Cover, bearing, outboard

6
7

Shaft, pump
Ring, casing

40A
40B

Deflector, inboard
Deflector, outboard

Ring, impeller, eye

45

Cover, oil bearing cap

8B Ring, impeller, hub


11 Cover

46

Key, coupling

60

Ring, oil

14
16

Sleeve, shaft

63

Bushing, cover

Bearing, inboard

69

Lockwasher

18
22

Bearing, outboard

73A

Locknut, bearing

73C

24

Nut, impeller

89

Seal

27

Ring, stuffing-box cover

99

Housing, bearing

32

Key, impeller

8A

Gasket, casing
Gasket, outboard cover, bearing housing

Figure 1.14 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled


single stage - centerline support - API 610

12

22

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

Casing
2

6
11
16
17
18
19
22

Figure 1.15 -

Impeller
Shaft, pump
Cover, seal chamber
Bearing, inboard
Gland
Bearing, outboard
Frame

37
46
47
49
69
71
73
89

2000

Cover, bearing, outboard


Key, coupling
Seal, bearing cover, inboard
Seal, bearing cover, outboard
Lockwasher
Adapter
Gasket
Seal

Locknut, bearing

Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - frame mounted - ANSI 873.1

13

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000

44
49

22

42
81

37
99

18

47
39
193

1
2

Impeller

6
9

Shaft, pump

10

Shaft,head
Bearing, outboard

22
26

Locknut, bearing
Screw, impeller

32

Key, impeller

37

Cover bearing, outboard

39

Bushing, bearing

42

Coupling half, driver

44

Coupling. half, pump


Seal, bearing cover
inboard

47
49

32

14

Seal, bearing cover,


outboard

70

Coupling, shaft

71

Adapter

81

Pedestal, driver

99

Housing, bearing

101

Pipe, column

105

Elbow, discharge

193

Retainer, bearing
Strainer

209

Figure 1.16 -

Cover, suction

18

105

Casing

Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - wet pit volute

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

SUCTION

17 13 29 73

1 39

2 32 26

Casing
Impeller
Shaft
Packing
Sleeve, shaft
Bearing, inboard
Gland
Bearing, outboard
Frame
Locknut, bearing
Base plate
Screw, impeller

Figure 1.17 -

32

57 32

Overhung Propeller
1
2
6
13
14
16
17
18
19
22
23
26

57

73 26

73

1 39

Propeller Suported
Between Bearings
29
32
35
37
39
40
57
68
69
73
99

Ring, lantern
Key, impeller
Cover, bearing, inboard
Cover, bearing, outboard
Bushing, bearing
Deflector
Elbow, suction
Collar, shaft
Lockwasher
Gasket
Housing, bearing

Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - axial flow - horizontal

15

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

22 18 40

32

1A Casing, lower half

22

Locknut

1B

Casing, upper half

40

31

Housing, bearing inboard

Impeller

32

Key, impeller

6
7

Shaft

33

Housing, bearing outboard

Ring, casing

35

Cover, bearing inboard

8 Ring, impeller
14 Sleeve, shaft
16 Bearing, inboard

37

Cover, bearing outboard

40

Deflector

65

Seal, mechanical stationary element

18 Bearing, outboard
20

Nut, shaft sleeve

80
123

Seal, mechanical rotating element


Cover, bearing end

Figure 1.18 -Impeller between bearings - separately


coupled - single stage - axial (horizontal) split case

16

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

16

22

60 31

1 Casing

50

40

22

Locknut, bearing

31

Housing, bearing, inboard


Key, impeller

2
6

Impeller
Shaft

Ring, casing

33

Housing, bearing, outboard

Ring, impeller

37

32

11 Cover
14 Sleeve, shaft

40

Cover, bearing, outboard


Deflector

50

Locknut, coupling

16

60

Ring, oil

65

Seal, mechanical, stationary element

80

Seal, mechanical, rotating element

Bearing, inboard, sleeve

18A Bearing, outboard, sleeve


18B Bearing, outboard, ball
20 Nut, shaft sleeve

2000

Figure 1.19 -Impeller between bearings - separately


coupled - single stage - radial (vertical) split case

17

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

46 6

41

2000

43

18

123

I '
I !

I
I

40 16 31 60 40

73

117 14 78 2

11714322 14 117 8 7 2328763 lA

1A Casing, lower half

33

Housing, bearing, outboard

1B

40

Deflector

Casing, upper half

Impeller

41

Cap, bearing, inboard

Shaft, pump

43

Cap, bearing, outboard

Ring, casing

46

Key coupling

Ring, impeller

60

Ring, oil

Sleeve, shaft

Bushing
Spacer, bearing

8
14
16
. 18

Bearing, inboard

63
73

Bearing, outboard

78

22

Locknut, bearing

117

Bushing, pressure reducing

31

Housing, bearing, inboard

123

Cover, bearing end

32

Key, impeller

Gasket

Figure 1.20 - Impeller between bearings - separately


coupled - multistage axial (horizontal) split case

18

4018 33 60 78 18 22 60 73

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

35

22

18

40

83

80

32

83

16

Casing

35

Cover, bearing, inboard

Impeller

37

Diffuser

40

Cover, bearing, outboard


Deflector

Shaft

56

Disc or drum, balancing

Ring, casing

63

Bushing, stuffing-box

16

Bearing, inboard

18

Bearing, outboard

65
73

Seal, mechanical, stationary element


Gasket

22

Locknut, bearing

80

Seal, mechanical, rotating element

31
32

Housing, bearing, inboard


Key, impeller

33

Housing, bearing, outboard

83
123

Stuffing-box
Cover, bearing end

Figure 1.21 - Impeller between bearings - separately


coupled - multistage radial (vertical) split case

19

HI Centrifugal

Pu~p

123

Types and Nomenclature -

33 18

2000

40 31 16 40 6

40

1A 32 117 2

117

1A Casing, lower half

31

1B Casing, upper half


2 Impeller

32

Key, impeller

33

Housing, bearing, outboard

40

Deflector

Shaft, pump

Housing, bearing, inboard

Ring, casing

117

Bushing, pressure reducing bushing

16

Bearing, inboard

123

Cover, bushing end

18

Bearing, outboard

Figure 1.22 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled


- multistage radial (vertical) split - double casing

20

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

\
.

, / ','

,/

'//

......

40

67 99A 99

125
FAR

SInE:

I"
1

53

1
1

24

25

1
1
1

1
1

Casing

29

Ring, lantern

Impeller

32

Key, impeller

Shaft

33

Housing, bearing, outboard

Ring, impeller

35

Cover, bearing, inboard

Cover, suction

""".

Gasket, shaft sleeve

11

Cover, stuffing-box

38
40

Deflector

13

Packing

43

Cap, bearing, outboard

14

Sleeve, shaft

47

Seal, bearing cover, inboard

16

Bearing, inboard

49

Seal, bearing cover, outboard

17

Gland

67

Shim, frame liner

18

Bearing, outboard

69

Lockwasher

19

Frame

73

Gasket

22

Locknut, bearing

78

Spacer, bearing

24

Nut, impeller

25

Ring, suction cover

169

Seal, bearing housing

Figure 1.23 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled


single stage - frame mounted - mixed flow

21

HI Centrifuql'll Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

CD

-,
I
I

I
I
I

o
o

o
o
Figure 1.24 -

1" Casing
2 Impeller
9 Cover, suction
14 Sleeve, shaft
24 Nut, impeller

I-it-+t-- - _ 1 - __ J

1\ lL~h-"'-""""'>=f1r---,l!:77:~~

Re,generative turbine - side channel single stage

26
32
40
65

66 Nut, adjustment
71 Adapter
80 Seal, mechanical, rotating

Screw, impeller
Key, impeller
Deflector
Seal, mechanical, stationary
element

element

119 Ring -"0"

SUCTION

~../.~J -I-t-litl ftttH-Ht - . .

2
'~~~+of --+-1

____--32

1~m.~~l-~}-----26
- - - - - - - - - - - - - --+-1-+
14

73

Figure 1.25 -

22

Regenerative turbine - peripheral single stage

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

46

2
6
13

16

80

32

25

13

Casing

22

Locknut, bearing

Impeller

25

Ring, channel

Shaft

32

Key, impeller

Packing

40

Deflector

16

Bearing, inboard

46

17

Gland

80

Key, coupling
Seal, mechanical

18

Bearing, outboard

Figure 1.26 -

17

40

18

2000

22

Regenerative turbine - impeller between


bearings - two stage

23

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

Casing

37

Cover, bearing, outboard

Impeller

40

Deflector

5 Diffuser

46

Key, coupling

47

Seal, bearing cover, inboard

49

Seal, bearing cover, outboard

73

Gasket

89

Seal

99

Housing, bearing

Shaft

9 Cover, suction
11 Cover, seal chamber
16 Bearing, inboard
18 Bearing, outboard
32

Key, impeller

Figure 1.27 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled


single stage':" frame mounted - self-priming

24

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

1.1.6
1.1.6.1

General information
Size of centrifugal pumps

2000

impeller ring(s);
shaft sleeves.

The diameter of the discharge opening of a centrifugal


pump determines its nominal size only and does not
definitely fix its rate of flow. It is recommended that the
required rate of flow be specified.

It shall not include such items as mechanical seal(s),


gland(s), lantern ring(s), packing, water shield(s), oil
thrower(s), or oil ring(s), bearings, bearing appurtenances, coupling, pulley, or sheave.

1.1.6.2

1.1.6.5.1.2

Duplicate performance pump

A duplicate pump is one in which the performance


characteristics are the same as another within the variations permitted by these standards, and parts are of
the same type; but, by reason of improved design and/
or materials, mounting dimensions and parts are not
necessarily interchangeable.
1.1.6.3

Rotating assembly

A rotating assembly shall consist of a bare rotor plus


casing wearing rings (where used), casing bushings
(where used), bearings, and all other stationary or
rotating parts required to be assembled over the shaft.
A rotating assembly shall include the following (where
used):

Dimensionally interchangeable pump


packing and gland(s);

An interchangeable pump is one in which the mounting dimensions are such that the replacement pump
can be mounted on the existing bedplate and match
existing piping and driver, with hydraulic characteristics and materials to be specified. Interchangeability
may involve some variation, not necessarily significant,
as a result of manufacturing tolerances.

mechanical seals(s) and gland(s);


water shield(s);
oil thrower(s);
oil ring(s);

1.1.6.4
pump

Identical performance and dimensional


bearing housing cover(s).

An identical pump is a duplicate of, and in addition is


interchangeable with, a s'pecific pump. Where it is
intended that a pump is to be identical in all respects
including parts, mountings, connecting flange dimensions and materials, it should be identified as "identical
with Pump No. __", not "duplicate."

It shall not include coupling, pulley, or sheave, nor shall


it include bearing housings except when these are of a
design that requires that they be assembled prior to
mounting of the bearings.
1.1.6.5.2 Multistage, axially split, single or double
suction centrifugal pumps

1.1.6.5 Definitions for bare rotor and rotating


"assembly

1.1.6.5.~.1

1.1.6.5.1 Single stage, axially (horizontally) split,


single or double suction centrifugal pump

A bare rotor shall consist of the following as an assembly (where used):

1.1.6.5.1.1

Bare rotor

A bare rotor shall consist of the following as an assembly (where used):

Bare rotor

a shaft with all nuts;


keys;
impellers;

a shaft with all nuts;


impeller rings;
keys;

~-

shaft sleeves;
impeller;

25

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

interstage sleeve(s);

revolves from right to left, the rotation is counterclockwise (CCW).

balancing drum and/or disc.

It shall not include such items as mechanical seal(s),


gland(s), lantern ring(s), packing, deflector(s), oil
thrower(s), oil rings(s), bearings, bearing appurtenances, coupling, pulley or sheave. A bare rotor may
have to be disassembled for installation in the pump.
I

1.1.6.5.2.2

Rotating assembly

COUNTERCLOCKWISE
IMPELLER ROTATION

A rotating assembly shall consist of a bare rotor plus


the following (where used): casing ring(s), interstage
diaphragm(s) and bushing(s), diffuser(s), balancing
ring or bushing, bearings and all other stationary or
rotating parts required to be assembled over the shaft.

I--...

~
I

CLOCKWISE

" IMPELLER ROTATION

---.1\

-&,")
"~

CLOCKWISE IMPELLER ROTATION

Figure 1.28 -

Pump shaft rotation

A rotating assembly shall include the following (where


used):
packing or mechanical seal and gland(s);

DRIVER
END VIEW

PUMP

DRIVER

deflector( s);
oil thrower(s);
oiltring(s);
SECT. AA

bearing cover(s).
It shall not include coupling, pulley, or sheave, nor shall
it include bearing housings except when these are of a
design that requires they be assembled prior to mounting of the bearings.
1.1.6.6

Figure 1.29 -

Horizontal pump rotation

Rotation of casing

The normal position of the discharge nozzle of an end


suction horizontal pump shall be top vertical. Optional
positions of the discharge nozzle shall be designated
by degrees of rotation, measured from the vertical
center line in the clockwise direction, facing the drive
end of the pump (see Figure 1.28).
1.1.6.7

SUCT.

Clockwise pump

DISCHARGE

Rotation of pumps

Pumps are designated as having clockwise (CW) or


counterclockwise (CCW) rotation when facing the
drive end (see Figures 1.28, 1.29 and 1.30).
To determine the rotation of a horizontal pump,. stand
at the driver end facing the pump (Figure 1.29). If the
top of the shaft revolves from the left to the right, the
rotation is clockwise (CW), and if the top of the shaft

26

t
Figure 1.30 -

Vertical pump rotation

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature 1.1.6.8

2000

gaskets

Recommended minimum spares

It is not possible to recommend minimum spares to


COver all conditions. However, the following may be
taken as a guide:
Domestic service handling clean, non-corrosive liquids
where interrupted service is not important:

coupling connectors (if any).


Export, marine or domestic service where minimum
loss of service is essential:
complete rotating assembly (see Section 1.1.6.5);

shaft sleeves;

gaskets;

stuffing-box packing or mechanical seal;

coupling connectors (if any).

gaskets;

1.1.7

coupling connectors (if any).

shaft sleeves;

The nomenclature and definitions published here were


prepared to provide a means for identifying the various
pump components covered by the Hydraulic Institute
Standards and also to serve as a common language,
that will be understandable to the purchaser, the
manufacturer and to those writing specifications for
pumps and pumping equipment.

bearings;

1.1.7.1

wearing rings or parts;

Table 1.1 is arranged in four columns as follows: part


names in alphabetical order, item numbers used to
identify part names on sectional drawings, abbreviations and definitions of pump part names.

Domestic service handling abrasive or corrosive liquids or where some interruption in continuity of service
is possible:

stuffing-box packing or mechanical seal;

Centrifugal pumps nomenclature

Definitions -

part names

Text continues on page 35.

Table 1.1 -

Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing

Part name

Item No.

Abbreviation

Definition

Adapter

71

Adpt

A machined piece used to permit assembly of two


other parts or for a spacer

Assembly, rotor
core

222

Assy rtr core

The rotating assembly of an electrical machine


containing laminations and conductors, which,
when interacting with stator core assembly produces torque

Assembly, stator
core

223

Assy sttr core

The fixed assembly of an electrical machine


containing laminations and windings which create
magnetic fields

Base

53

Base

Base plate

23

Base pi

A pedestal to support a pump


A member on which the pump and its driver are
mounted
(continued)

27

HI Ce_ntrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature Table 1.1 -

2000

Centrifugal pump npmenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)

Part name

Item No.

Abbreviation

Bearing, inboard

16

Brg inbd

The bearing nearest the coupling of a double


suction pump but farthest from the coupling of an
end suction pump

Bearing, outboard

18

Brg outbd

The bearing most distant from the coupling of a


double suction pump but nearest to the coupling
of an end suction pump

Bracket, bearing

125

Bkt brg

Bushing, bearing

39

Bush brg

Bushing, interstage
diaphragm

113

Bush instg diaph

A tubular shaped replaceable piece mounted in


the interstage diaphragm

Bushing, pressure
reducing

117

Bush press red

A replaceable piece used to reduce the liquid


pressure at the stuffing box by throttling the flow

Bushing, stuffing-box

63

Bush stfg box

A replaceable sleeve or ring placed in the end of


the stuffing box opposite the gland

Bushing, throttle,
auxiliary

171

Bush throt aux

A stationary ring or sleeve placed in the gland of a


mechanical seal subassembly to restrict leakage
in the event of seal failure

Cap, bearing,
inboard

41

Cap brg inbd

Cap, bearing,
outboard

43

Cap brg outbd

Casing

Csg

Casing, gland half

1C

Csg gld half

The gland half of a radially split lined casing

Casing, lower half

1A

Csg Iwr half

The lower or supporting half of the casing of an


axially split pump

Casing, suction half

10

Csg suc half

The suction half of a radially split lined casing

Casing, upper half

1B

Csg upr half

The upper or removable half of the casing of an


axially split pump

Collar, release

36

Clr rei

Definition

Detachable bracket that contains a bearing


The removable portion of a sleeve bearing in
contact with the journal

The removable upper portion of the inboard


bearing housing
The removable upper portion of the outboard
bearing housing
The portion of the pump that includes the
impell.er chamber and volute or diffuser

--

Split ring device to ease movement of screwed-on


impellers
(continued)

28

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature Table 1.1 -

2000

Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)

Part name

Item No.

Abbreviation

Definition

Collar, shaft

68

Clr sft

A ring used on a shaft to establish a shoulder for a


ball bearing

Collar, thrust

72

Clr thr

A circular collar mounted on a shaft to absorb the


unbalanced axial thrust in the pump

Coupling half, driver

42

Cplg half drvr

The coupling half mounted on driver shaft

Coupling half, pump

44

Cplg half pump

The coupling half mounted on pump shaft

Coupling, oil pump

120

Cplg oil pump

A means of connecting the driver shaft to the oil


pump shaft

Coupling, shaft

70

Cplg sft

Cover, bearing end

123

Cov brg end

A plate closing the tachometer port in the end of


the outboard bearing housing

Cover, bearing,
inboard

35

Cov brg inbd

An enclosing plate for either end of an inboard


bearing of double suction or multistage pumps, or
for the impeller end of the bearing of end suction
pumps

Cover, bearing,
outboard

37

Cov brg outbd

An enclosing plate for either end of the outboard


bearing of double suction or multistage pumps, or
for the coupling end of the bearing of end suction
pumps

Cover, motor end

207

Cov mot end

A removable piece which enclosed the end(s) of a


motor stator housing

Cover, oil bearing


cap

45

Cov oil brg cap

Cover, stuffing-box

11

Cov stfg box

A removable piece, with stuffing-box integral, used


to enclose the outboard side of the impeller in the
casing of end suction pumps

Cover, suction

Cov suct

A removable piece, with which the inlet nozzle


may be integral, used to enclose the suction side
of the casing of end suction pumps

Crossover,
interstage

111

Xover instg

A specifically designed piece that carries the flow


from one stage to another in a multistage pump

A mechanism used to transmit power from the


drive shaft to the pump shaft or to connect two
pieces of shaft

A lid or plate over an oil filler hole or inspection


hole in a bearing cap

(continued)

29

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature ' - 2000


Table 1.1 -

Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)

Part name

Item No.

Abbreviation

Definition

Deflector

40

Defl

A flange or collar around a shaft and rotating with


it to prevent passage of liquid, grease, oil or heat
along the shaft

Diaphragm,
interstage

109

Diaph instg

A removable stationary partition between stages


of a multistage pump

Diffuser

Diff

A piece, adjacent to the impeller exit, which has


multiple passages of increasing area for converting velocity to pressure

Disc or drum,
balancing

56

Disc/drum bal

Elbow, discharge

105

Ell disch

An elbow in an axial flow mixed flow or turbine


pump by which the liquid leaves the pump

Elbow, suction

57

Ell suct

A curved water passage, usually 90 degrees,


attached to the pump inlet

Frame

19

Fr

Gasket

73

Gskt

Resilient material used to seal jOint between parts


to prevent leakage

Gasket, impeller
screw

28

Gskt imp scr

Resilient material used to seal jOint between hub


of impeller and the impeller screw

Gasket, shaft sleeve

38

Gskt sft slv

Resilient material used to provide a seal between


the shaft sleeve and the impeller

Gauge, sight, oil

143

Ga sight oil

A device for the visual determination of the oil


level

Gland

17

Gld

A retainer that compresses packing in a


stuffing-box or retains the stationary element of a
mechanical seal

Gland, stuffing-box,
auxiliary

133

Gld stfg box aux

A follower provided for compression of packing in


an auxiliary stuffing-box

Guard, coupling

131

Grd cplg

Handle

227

Hdl

Housing, bearing

99

Hsg brg

The rotary member of a hydraulic balancing


device

A member of an end suction pump to which are


assembled the liquid end and rotating element

A protective shield over a shaft coupling


A piece which a person can use to hand carry a
pump
A body in which the bearing is mounted
(contmued)

30

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature Table 1.1 -

2000

Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)

Part name

Item No.

Abbreviation

Housing, bearing,
inboard

31

Hsg brg inbd

See bearing (inboard) and bearing housing

Housing, bearing,
outboard

33

Hsg brg outbd

See bearing (outboard) and bearing housing

Housing, stator

201

Hsg stir

Impeller

Imp

The bladed member of a rotating assembly of the


pump which imparts the principal force to the
liquid pumped

Inducer

246

Ind

A single stage axial flow helix installed in the


suction eye of an impeller to lower the NPSHR

Journal, thrust
bearing

74

Jnl thr brg

A removable cylindrical piece mounted on the


shaft and which turns in the bearing. It may have
an integral thrust collar

Key, bearing journal

76

Key brg jnl

A parallel-sided piece used for preventing the


bearing journal from rotating relative to the shaft

Key, coupling

46

Key cplg

A parallel-sided piece used to prevent the shaft


from turning in a coupling half

Key, impeller (propeller)

32

Key imp

A parallel-sided piece used to prevent the impeller


from rotating relative to the shaft

Liner, casing

219

Lnr csg

A replaceable metal, rubber, or phenolic insert to


protect the casing from abrasive wear or damage

Liner, suction cover

21A

Lnr, suct cov

Liner, stuffing-box
cover

218

Lnr, stfg box cov

Liner, suction half

21C

Lnr, suct half

A part within the casing, suction half

Liner, gland half

210

Lnr, gld half

A part within the casing, gland half

Liner, frame

21

Lnr fr

A part within the frame carrying one or more of


the bearings

Locknut, bearing

22

Lknut brg

A fastener that positions an anti-friction bearing


on the shaft

Definition

A body in which a stator core assembly is


mounted

A part within the suction cover


A part within the stuffing-box cover

(continued)

31

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000


Table 1.1 -

Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)

Part name

Item No.

Abbreviation

Definition

Locknut, coupling

50

Lknut cplg

A fastener holding a coupling half in position on a


tapered shaft

Lockwasher

69

Lkwash

A device to prevent loosening of a nut

Nut, impeller

24

Nut imp

A threaded piece used to fasten the impeller on


the shaft

Nut, shaft adjusting

66

Nut sft adj

A threaded piece for altering the axial position of


the rotating assembly

Nut, shaft sleeve

20

Nut sft slv

A threaded piece used to locate the shaft sleeve


on the shaft

Packing

13

Pkg

A pliable lubricated material used to provide a


seal around the portion of the shaft located in the
stuffing-box

Pedestal, driver

81

Ped drvr

A support for the driver of a vertical pump

Pipe, column

101

Pipe col

A vertical pipe by which the pumping element is


suspended

Plate, wear

225

Wppl

A removable, axial clearance part used to protect


the casing, stuffing-box or suction cover from wear

Plate, side

61

PI side

A replaceable piece in the casing or cover of an


open impeller pump to maintain a close clearance
along the impeller face

Pump, oil

121

Pump oil

Race way

145

Ry

Retainer, bearing

193

Ret brg

A device used to support the line shaft bearing

Retainer, grease

51

Ret grs

A contact seal or cover to retain grease

Ring, balancing

115

Ring bal

The stationary member of a hydraulic balancing


device

Ring, casing

Ring csg

A stationary replaceable ring to protect the casing


at the running fit with the impeller ring or the
impeller

A device for supplying lubrtcating oil under


pressure
A device which directs flow offluid from pump inlet
to impeller and channels fluid to discharge outlet

(continued)

32

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature Table 1.1 -

2000

Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)

Part name

Item No.

Abbreviation

Definition

Ring, impeller

Ring imp

A replaceable ring mounted on one or both sides


of the impeller

Ring, lantern

29

Ring Itrn

An annular piece used to establish a liquid seal


around the shaft and to lubricate the stuffing-box
packing

Ring-O

119

RingO

A radial-type seal

Ring, oil

60

Ring oil

A rotating ring used to carry oil from the reservoir


to the bearing

Ring, stuffing-box cover

27

Ring stfg box cov

A stationary ring to protect the stuffing-box cover


at the running fit with the impeller ring or impeller

Ring, suction cover

25

Ring suct cov

A stationary ring to protect the suction cover at the


running fit with the impeller ring or impeller

Ring, thrust, split

86

Ring thr split

A split ring mounted on a shaft to absorb the


unbalanced axial thrust in the pump

Screw, impeller

26

Scrimp

Screw, impeller,
adjusting

149

Scr imp adj

Seal

89

Seal

Seal, bearing cover,


inboard

47

Seal brg cov inbd

Seal, bearing cover,


outboard

49

Seal brg cov


outbd

A contact seal for the bearing cover (outboard)

Seal, bearing housing

169

Seal brg hsg

A contact seal for a bearing housing

Seal, mechanical,
rotating element

80

Seal mech rotg


elem

A device flexibly mounted on a shaft in or on the


stuffing-bOX and having a smooth, flat seal face
held against the stationary sealing face

Seal, mechanical,
stationary element

65

Seal mech sta


elem

A subassembly consisting of one or more parts

A special screw to fasten the impeller to the shaft


A special screw to adjust the axial movement of
shaft/impeller to control clearance between the
rotating impeller and the race way
A device to prevent the flow of a liquid or gas into
or out of a cavity
A contact seal for the bearing cover (inboard)

mounted in or on a stuffing-box and having a


smooth flat sealing face

(continued)

33

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature Table 1.1 -

2000

Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)

Part name

Item No.

Abbreviation

Definition

Shaft,head

10

Sft hd

The upper cylindrical member in a vertical pump


which transmits power from the driver to the drive
shaft

Shaft

Sft

The cylindrical member on which the impeller is


mounted and through which power is transmitted
to the impeller

Shell, lower half,


bearing outboard

139

Shl Iwr half brg


outbd

A piece supporting the bearing bushing located in


the lower half of the outboard housing

Shell, lower half,


bearing inboard

135

Shllwr half
brg inbd

Shell, upper half,


bearing outboard

141

Shl upr half brg


outbd

A piece supporting the bearing bushing located in


the upper half of the outboard bearing housing

Shell, upper half,


bearing inboard

137

Shl upr half brg


inbd

A piece supporting the bearing bushing located in


the upper half of the inboard bearing housing

Shield,'0i1 ,r~irtg

107

Shld oil retg

Shim

67

Shim

Sleeve, impeller hub

34

Siv imp hub

A replaceable, cylindrical wearing part mounted


on the extended pump impeller hub

Sleeve, interstage

58

Siv instg

A cylindrical piece mounted on the pump shaft


between impellers

Sleeve, shaft

14

Siv sft

A cylindrical piece fitted over the shaft to protect


the shaft through the stuffing-box and which may
also serve to locate the impeller on the shaft

Spacer, bearing

78

Spcr brg

A cylindrical piece that fits over the shaft to space


or locate rolling element bearings

Spacer, coupling

88

Spcr cplg

A cylindrical piece used to provide axial space for


the removal of the rotating assembly without
removing the driver

Strainer

209

Str

A semi-cylindrical piece supporting the bearing


bushing located in the lower half of the inboard
bearing housing

A device to prevent oil from leaking from the


bearing housing
A piece of material that is placed between two
members to adjust their position

A device used to prevent large objects from


entering the pump
(continued)

34

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature Table 1.1 -

2000

Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)

Part name

Item No.

Abbreviation

Definition

Stuffing-box

83

Stfg box

A portion of the casing through which packing and


a gland or a mechanical seal is placed to prevent
leakage

Stuffing-box,
auxiliary

75

Stfg box aux

A recessed portion of the gland and cover of a


mechanical seal subassembly designed to
accommodate one or more rings of packing

Thrower (oil or
grease)

62

Thwr (oil or grs)

A disc rotating with the pump shaft to carry the


lubricant from the reservoir to the bearing

Table 1.2 is arranged by item number and part name.


All parts having even item numbers constitute a part of
the rotating element.
'
The cross-sectional drawings (see Figures 1.6 through
1.27) illustrate the largest possible number of parts in
their proper relationship and a few typical construction
modifications but do not represent recommended
design.

Numbers shown are for convenient cross-reference


between tabulated names of parts and cross-sectional
drawing. These numbers do not necessarily represent
standard part numbers in use by any manufacturer.

Table 1.2 -

Centrifugal pump nomenclature numerical listing

Item no.

Part name

Casing

1A

Casing, lower half

18

Casing, upper half

1C

Casing, gland half

10

Casing, suction half

Impeller (propeller)

Diffuser

Shaft

Ring, casing

Ring, impeller

Cover, suction

10

Shaft, head

11

Cover, stuffing-box or
seal chamber

13

Packing
(continued)

35

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

Table 1.2 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature numerical listing (continued)

Table 1.2 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature numerical listing (continued)

Item no.

Part name

Item no.

Part name

14

Sleeve, shaft

35

Cover, bearing, inboard

16

Bearing, inboard

36

Collar, release

17

Gland

37

Cover, bearing, outboard

18

Bearing, outboard

38

Gasket, shaft sleeve

19

Frame

39

Bushing, bearing

20

Nut, shaft sleeve

40

Deflector

21

Liner, frame

41

Cap, bearing, inboard

21A

Liner, suction cover

42

Coupling half, driver

21B

Liner, stuffing-box cover

43

Cap, bearing outboard

21C

Liner, suction half

44

Coupling half, pump

21D

Liner, gland half

45

Cover, oil bearing cap

22

Locknut, bearing

46

Key, coupling

23

Base plate

47

Seal, bearing cover, inboard

24

Nut, impeller

49

Seal, bearing cover, outboard

25

Ring, suction cover

50

Locknut, coupling

26

Screw, impeller

51

Retainer, grease

27

Ring, stuffing-box cover


53

Base

56

Balancing drum and/or disc

57

Elbow, suction

58

Sleeve, interstage

60

Ring, oil

61

Plate, side

62

Thrower (oil or grease)

28

Gasket, impeller screw

29

Ring, lantern

31

Housing, bearing, inboard

32

Key, impeller

33

Housing, bearing, outboard

34

Sleeve, impeller hub


(contmued)

36

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000


Table 1.2 - Centrifugal pump nomenclatur~ numerical listing (continued)

'I

Table 1.2 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature numerical listing (continued)

Item no.

Part name

Item no.

Part name

63

Bushing, stuffing-box

105

Elbow, discharge

65

Seal, mechanical, stationary


element

107

Shield, oil retaining

109

Diaphragm, interstage

66

Nut, shaft adjusting


111

Crossover, interstage

67

Shim
113

Bushing, interstage diaphragm

68

Collar, shaft
115

Ring, balancing

69

Lockwasher
117

Bushing, pressure reducing

70

Coupling, shaft
119

Ring-O

71

Adapter
120

Coupling, oil pump

72

Collar, thrust
121

Pump, oil

73

Gasket
123

Cover, bearing end

74

Journal, thrust bearing


125

Bracket, bearing

75

Stuffing box, auxiliary


131

Guard, coupling

76

Key, bearing journal


133

Gland, stuffing-box auxiliary

78

Spacer, bearing
135

Shell, lower half, bearing inboard

80

Seal, mechanical, rotating


element

137

Shell, upper half, bearing inboard

81

Pedestal, driver

139

Shell, lower half, bearing


outboard

83

Stuffing box
141

86

Ring, thrust split

Shell, upper half, bearing


outboard

88

Spacer, coupling

143

Gauge, sight, oil

89

Seal

145

Raceway

99

Housing, bearing

149

Screw, impeller, adjusting

101

Pipe, column

169

Seal bearing housing


(continued)

37

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

Table 1.2-- Centrifugal pump nomenclature numerical listing (continued)

38

Item no.

Part name

171

Bushing, throttle, auxiliary

193

Retainer, bearing

201

Housing, stator

207

Cover, motor end

209

Strainer

219

Liner, casing

222

Assembly, rotor core

223

Assembly, stator core

225

Plate, wear

227

Handle

246

Inducer

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature 1.1.7.2

2000

Letter (dimensional) designations

.""'-

. , The letter designations used on the following drawings


were prepared to provide a common means for identifying various pump dimensions and also to serve as a
common language which will be mutually understandable to the purchaser, manufacturer and to anyone writing specifications for pumps and pumping equipment.

DlSCH.ARGE

CP

l~, ---1--"-

SUCTION
CENTERLINE

t~J-LJ
----.:-l
E

0
ES
H IA. HOL

NOTE: Casing foot is very common. See Figure 1.15

Width of base support

Length of base support

CP

Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to


centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes

Length of pump

Vertical height - bottom of base support to


centerline of pump

Distance shaft

DO

Distance plug

Vertical distance - bottom of support to


discharge nozzle face

Length from edge of support, or base plate, to


centerline of bolt holes

pump centerline to bottom drain

end of bearing housing to end of

Distance from centerline pump to centerline


hold-down bolts

Distance from centerline to centerline of


hold-down bolts

Distance from centerline of pump to centerline


of suction nozzle

Diameter of straight shaft -

Length of shaft available for coupling or pulley

Distance from discharge face to centerline of


pump

Horizontal distance - centerline discharge


nozzle to suction nozzle face

Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of


pump

Thickness of pads on support, or height of base


plate, depending on location of bolt holes

Diameter of hold-down bolt holes

J
K

Width of pads for hold-down bolts


Length of support pads for hold-down bolts

coupling end

Figure 1.31 - Overhung impeller - separately


coupled - single stage - frame mounted

39

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

CENTERLINE
SUCTION

1---------

HC

Z-+--I
HHDIA.
HOLES

HM

~~~~
1

1 ...
. - - - - - - - -

Length of driver

CP

Length of pump

HA

::

--------~___t-

Hl

HL

Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to


centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes

Width of base support

HM

Height of unit -

HB

Length of base support

HO

HC

Overall length of combined pump and driver


when on base

Vertical distance charge nozzle face

HP

Vertical height - bottom of base support to


centerline of pump

Length from edge of support, or base plate, to


centerline of bolt holes

HT

Distance from centerline pump to centerline


hold-down bolts

Horizontal distance ing.shaft

Distance from centerline to centerline of holddown bolt holes

Distance from centerline of pump to centerline


of suction nozzle

Distance from discharge face to centerline of


pump

Horizontal distance centerline discharge


nozzle to suction nozzle face

Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of


pump

HD
HE
HF
HG
HH

Thickness of pads on support, or heights of


base plate, depending on location of bolt holes
Diameter of hold-down bolt holes

bottom of base to top of driver

Figure 1.32 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled


- single stage - frame mounted - pump on base plate
40

bottom of support to dis-

between pump and driv-

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

KEYWAY
CP

DISCHARGE

-.---_
SUCTION
CENTERLINE

LENGTH OF
SHAFT AVAILABLE
FOR COUPLING
OR PULLEY

Width of base support

Length of base support

CP

Length of pump

Vertical height - bottom of base support to


centerline of pump

DO

Distance plug

Distance from centerline pump to centerline


hold-down bolts

Distance from centerline to centerline of holddown bolts

pump centerline to bottom drain

Thickness of pads on support, or height of base


plate, depending on location of bolt holes

Diameter of hold-down bolt holes

Width of pads for hold-down bolts

Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to


centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes

Distance shaft

end of bearing housing to end of

Vertical distance - bottom of support to discharge nozzle face or to top of case on horizontally split pumps

Length from edge of support, or base plate, to


centerline of bolt holes

Distance from centerline of pump to centerline


of suction nozzle

Diameter of straight shaft -

Length of shaft available for coupling or pulley

Distance from discharge face to centerline of


pump

centerline discharge
Horizontal distance nozzle to suction nozzle face

Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of


pump

coupling end

Figure 1.33 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled


single stage - centerline mounted

41

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

SUCTION
HC

\" DISCHARGE

~ SUCTION

Length of driver

CP

Length of pump

HA
HB
HC
HD
HE
HF
HG

HL

Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to


centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes

Width of base support

HM

Height of unit - bottom of base to top of driver

Length of base support

HO

Overall length of combined pump and driver


when on base

Vertical distance - bottom of support to


discharge nozzle face

HP

Vertical height - bottom of base support to


centerline of pump

Length from edge of support, or base plate, to


centerline of bolt holes

HT

Distance from centerline of pump to centerline


of hold-down bolts

Horizontal distance driving shaft

Distance from centerline to centerline of holddown bolt holes

Distance from centerline of pump to centerline


of suction nozzle

Thickness of pads on support, or heights of


base plate, depending on location of bolt holes

Distance from discharge face to cent~rline of


pump

Horizontal distance - centerline discharge


nozzle to suction nozzle face

Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of


pump

HH

Diameter of hold-down bolt holes

HJ

Width of pads for hold-down bolt holes

HK

Length of support pad for hold-down bolts

between pump and

Figure 1.34 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single


stage - centerline mounted - pump on base plate

42

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

KEYWAY
DISCHARGE

W~M

LENGTH OF
SHAFT AVAILABLE
FOR COUPLING
OR PULLEY

SUCTION

f
o

THICKNESS

HDIA.
HOLES

'---- A

A
B

Width of base support

D
DD

Distance plug

Distance shaft

Vertical height - bottom of base support to


centerline of pump

Vertical distance - bottom of support to


discharge nozzle face

pump centerline to bottom drain

Length from edge of support, or base plate, to


centerline of bolt holes

Distance from centerline pump to centerline


hold-down bolts

Horizontal distance centerline discharge


flange to centerline hold-down bolt hole

Distance between centerlines of hold-down


bolts

Distance from centerline of pump to centerline


of suction nozzle

Thickness of pads on support, or height of base


plate, depending on location of bolt holes

Diameter of straight shaft -

Length of shaft available for coupling or pulley

Diameter of hold-down bolt holes

Width of pads for hold-down bolts

Distance from centerline of discharge flange to


end of pump shaft

Horizontal distance from centerline of


discharge flange to centerline of suction flange

Distance from discharge face to centerline of


pump

Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of


pump

Length of base support

end of bearing housing to end of

coupling end

Figure 1.35 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single


stage - centerline mounted (top suction)

43

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

HW
DISCHARGE

HM

HO

HR

HHDIA. HOLES

~----~~--------- HB

HA

Width of base support

HB . Length of base support


HD Vertical height - bottom of base support to
centerline of pump
HE Distance from centerline pump to centerline
hold-down bolts
HF Distance from centerline to centerline of holddown bolt holes
HG Thickness of pads on support, or heights of
base plate, depending on location of bolt holes
HH Diameter of hold-down bolt holes
HJ

Width of pads for hold-down bolt holes

HK

Length of support pad for hold-down bolts

HM

Height of unit -

HO

Vertical distance - bottom of support to discharge nozzle face or top of case on horizontally split pumps

bottom of base to top of driver

HP

Length from edge of support, or base plate, to


centerline of bolt holes

HR

Horizontal distance centerline discharge


flange to centerline hold-down bolt hole

HT

Horizontal distance driving shaft

between pump and

HW Distance from centerline of discharge flange to


end of motor
M
Horizontal distance from centerline of
discharge flange to centerline of suction flange

Distance from centerline of pump to centerline


of suction nozzle

Distance from centerline of discharge flange to


end of pump shaft

Distance from discharge face to centerline of


pump

Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of


pump

Figure 1.36 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single


stage - centerline mounted pump on base plate (top suction)

44

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

1--------HF,

HB

2000

---------l

--_'1----

HF,

-----+--1-

HP,

HL

HA, +--II----H--

HA,

He

j
C

Length of driver

CP

Length of pump

HA

Width of base support

HB

Length of base support

HC

Overall length of combined pump and driver


when on base

HD

Vertical height - bottom of base support to


centerline of pump

HE

Distance from centerline pump to centerline


hold-down bolts

HF

Distance from centerline to centerline of holddown bolt holes

HG

Thickness' of pads on support, or heights of


base plate, depending on location of bolt holes
Diameter of hold-down bolt holes

HH
HL

Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to


centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes

HM

Height of unit -

bottom of base to top of driver

HO

Vertical distance case

HP

Length from edge of support, or base plate, to


centerline of bolt holes

HR

Horizontal distance centerline discharge


flange to centerline hold-down bolt hole

HT

Horizontal distance driving shaft

Distance from centerline of pump to centerline


of suction nozzle

Distance from centerline of discharge flange to


end of pump shaft

Distance from discharge face to centerline of


pump

yy

Horizontal distance - centerline case to


suction nozzle face on horizontally split pumps

Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of


pump

bottom of support to top of

between pump and

Figure 1.37 -Impeller between bearings - separately coupledsingle stage axial (horizontal) split case pump on base plate

45

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

BI

RI
P,
PI

x --+---

yy

DISCHARGE

HDIA. HOLES

Width of base support

B
CP

Length of base support


Length of pump

Vertical distance case

Vertical height - bottom of base support to


centerline of pump

Length from edge of support, or base plate, to


centerline of bolt holes

Distance from centerline pump to centerline


hold-down bolts

Horizontal distance centerline discharge


flange to centerline hold-down bolt hole

Thickness of pads on support, or height of base


plate, depending on location of bolt holes

Distance from centerline of pump to centerline


of suction nozzle

Diameter of straight shaft -

Diameter of hold-down bolt holes

Length of shaft available for coupling or pulley

J
K
L

Width of pads for hold-down bolts

Distance from centerline of discharge flange to


end of pump shaft

Distance from discharge face to centerline of


pump

YY

Horizontal distance tion nozzle face

Centerline discharge noZzle to centerline of


pump

E
G

Length of support pads for hold-down bolts


Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to
centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes

Horizontal distance from centerline of discharge flange to centerline of suction flange

Distance shaft

end of bearing housing to end of

bottom of support to top of

centerline case to suc-

Figure 1.38 -Impeller between bearings - separately coupled single stage axial (horizontal) split case

46

coupling end

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -- 2000

~-----------------.Cp

----!-~LP

Mp----i
Y

DISCHARGE

-f7r!
SU/~TION

"t'--+-if---,-.......J l

/
-'
/
,!
X

,.
I i

DO
i

0,

~
A

NOTE:

Circled letters are NEMA designations

Figure 1.39 - Overhung impeller - close


coupled - single stage - end suction

Figure 1.40 - Overhung impellerseparately coupled - single stage frame mounted (vertically mounted)

Width of base support

Length of base support

CP

Length of pump

Vertical height - bottom of base support to


centerline of pump

DD

Distance -

Distance from centerline pump to centerline holddown bolts

Thickness of pads on support, or height of base plate,


depending on location of bolt holes

H
J
K
L

pump centerline to bottom drain plug

Diameter of hold-down bolt holes


Width of pads for hold-down bolts
Length of support pads for hold-down bolts
Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes

LP

Length of adapter piece

MP

Distance from face of suction flange to mounting


flange of adapter

Distance -

OP

Vertical distance - bottom of support to discharge


nozzle face or to top of case on horizontally split
pumps

Length from edge of support, or base plate, to centerline of bolt holes

end of bearing housing to end of shaft

Diameter of straight shaft -

Length of shaft available for coupling or pulley

VD

Vertical height - bottom of base support to centerline


of discharge nozzle of vertical pumps

VF

Distance from centerline of vertical pump to centerline


of hold-down bolt holes

VS

Vertical distance - centerline of discharge nozzle to


centerline of suction nozzle on vertical pumps

VY

Horizontal distance - centerline of pump to face of


suction elbow of vertical pumps

coupling end

Distance from discharge face to centerline of pump

XR

Distance from centerline of motor hold-down bolt to


centerline of conduit box

Horizontal distance suction nozzle face

Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of pump

centerline discharge nozzle to

47

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

ST (Size) TAP-SN (Number of)


HOLES ON SC-DIA. BOLT CIRCLE.

sw Sq-SR
(Number of) RINGS

z
o

i=
:::>

0::

I-

if)

CD

SE

J,

SX

I-

~----!~

if)

0::

u::

' - - - - SF --~
" _ _ - - - - SG

----t~

......- - - - - - - - SO

SA

Depth of pilot register on face of stuffing-box

SN

SB

Inside diameter of stuffing-box

SO

SC

Diameter of bolt circle for gland studs or bolts

Number of tapped holes for gland studs or bolts


Distance from face of stuffing-box to first
obstruction

SD 1 Diameter of shaft under shaft sleeve


SE 1 Distance from face of stuffing-box to end of
shaft sleeve
SF Distance from face of stuffing-box to centerline
of tapped hole for lubrication or coolant fitting
outside of stuffing box
SG Distance from face of stuffing-box to centerline
of tapped hole for lubrication or coolant fitting
inside of stuffing-box
SH Thickness of lantern ring

SP

Outside diameter of pilot register on face of


stuffing-box

SR

Number of packing rings

SS

Outside diameter of shaft sleeve or diameter of


shaft if no sleeve is used

ST

Size tap and type thread for gland studs or


bolts

SU

Outside diameter of insertable portion of gland

SL

Effective length of stuffing-box

SY

Length of insertable portion of gland

SM

Thickness of stuffing-box bushing

SZ

Overall length of gland

SW Size of packing
SX Inside diameter of gland

NOTE: 1. Applicable only when sleeve is used

Figure 1.41 -

48

Stuffing-box area

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

1.1.7.3 Standard dimension for HI- NEMA Type C


face-mounted motors

The following dimensions were developed jointly by


NEMA and the Hydraulic Institute and are the same as
those given in NEMA Standard MG1. See Figure 1.42
and Tables 1.3 and 1.4.
Open drip-proof frame selections

H.P.
1

3600
R.P.M.

1800
R.P.M.

1200
R.P.M.

143JM

145JM

1 1/2

143JM

145JM

182JM

145JM

145JM

184JM

145JM

182JM

213JM

182JM

184JM

215JM

71/2

184JM

213JM

254JM

10

213JM

215JM

256JM

15

215JM

254JM

284JM

20

254JM

256JM

286JM

25

256JM

284JM

324JM

30

284JM

286JM

326JM

40

286JM

324JM

50

325JM

326JM

60

326JM

49

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

EMorU
O.043RJO.054R (Max Tol.)
Dia.
DUC Dia. EM or U 0.050

Controlled Undercut Design (Detail A)

Controlled Corner Radius Design (Detail 8)

~--------AH----------~
~-------AHI--------~~

143-184JP and JM

143-184 JP and JM
213-365 JP
213-326JM

~------ER:--------~

.03 x 45 Chamfer

Detail A or B Optional
Corner Detail
" - - - - Motor Manufacturer's Choice

FRAMES 213-365 JP
2t3-326JM

SF HOLE,

/ L A S S 2 R.H.

FRAMES 14318-4
JPANOJM

BF HOLE.
CLASS 2 R.H.

AK

r
4

AJ

Dimensions shown on Tables 1.3 and 1.4


NOTES:
1. AH, EQ and ET dimensions measured with the shaft
pulled by hand away from the motor to the limit of end play.

2. AJ dimension - centerline of bolt holes is within 0.015


inch of true location for frames 143 to 256 JM and JP, inclusive, and within 0.025 inch of true location for frames 284 to
365 JM and JP, inclusive. True location is defined as angu-

3. Shaft end play should not exceed the bearing internal


axial movement. Bearing mounting fits should be as recommended for pump application by the bearing manufacturer. (This note applies to open and totally enclosed
motors. For explosion-proof motors, the individual motor
manufacturer should be contacted.)

lar and diametrical location with reference to the centerline


of the AK dimension.

Figure 1.42 -- Dimensions for types JM and JP alternating current face-mounting


close-coupled pump motors having rolling contact bearings
50

.....

-....
Table 1.3 -

Dimensions for Type JM alternating-current face-mounting close-coupled pump motors (US units)

BF
Frame
Designations
143JM and 145JM
182JM and 184JM
213JM and 215JM
254JM and 256JM
284JM and 286JM
324JM and 326JM

U
0.8745
0.8740
0.8745
0.8740
0.8745
0.8740
1.2495
1.2490
1.2495
1.2490
1.2495
1.2490

AH
4.281
4.219
4.281
4.219
4.281
4.219
5.281
5.219
5.281
5.219
5.281
5.219

AJ
5.875 _
5.875
7.250
7.250
11.000
11.000

AK
4.500
4.497
4.500
4.497
8.500
8.497
8.500
8.497
12.500
12.495
12.500
12.495

BB
0.156
0.125
0.156
0.125
0.312
0.250
0.312
0.250
0.312
0.250
0.312
0.250

BD Max
6.62

Number
4

Tap Size
/8- 16

Bolt Penetration
Allowance
0.56

6.62

3/8 -16

0.56

9.00

3/8-16

0.75

10.0

1/2- 13

0.75

14.00

1/2-13

0.94

14.00

-'/2"13

0.94

Frame
Designations
143JM and 145JM
182JM and 184JM
213JM and 215JM
254JM and 256JM
284JM and 286JM
324JM and 326JM
01
->.

EL
1.156
1.154
1.250
1.248
1.250
1.248

EM
1.0000
0.9995
1.0000
0.9995
1.000
0.9995

1.750
1.748
1.750
1.748
1.750
1.748

1.3750
1.3745
1.3750
1.3745
1.3750
1.3745

Tap
Size
.j/8- 16

EN
Penetration Allowance
Tap Drill
Bolt
1.12
0.75

3/8 -16

1.12

3/8 -16

1.12

1/2"13

1.50

0.75
0.75
1.00

CD

Keyseat
EP
Min
1.156
1.250
1.750
1.750

1/2"13

1.50

1.00

2.125

1/2-13

1.50

1.00 _

2.125

EQ
0.640
0.610
0.640
0.610
0.640
0.610
0.640
0.610
0.640
0.610
0.640
0.610

ER
Min
4.250
4.250
4.250
5.250

R
0.771-0.756
0.771-0.756
1.112-1.097
1.112-1.097

~
..,

ES
Min
1.65

S
0.190
0.188
1.65 0.190
0.188
1.65 0.190
_ 0.188
2.53

5.250

1.112-1.097

2.53

5.250

1.112-1.097

2.53

0.252
0.250
0.252
0.250
0.252
0.250

~
9!..

co

ET
2.890
2.860
2.890
2.860
2.890
2.860
3.015
2.885
3.015
2.885
3.015
2.885

"U

c:

'0

'0
CD
CJ)

m
::J

a.
Z

CD
::J
()

iii'

Cal

I
I\.)

o
o
o

(J1

()
(1)

Table 1.4 -

Dimensions for Type JP alternating-current face-mounting close-coupled pump motors (US units)

::J
.-+
.,

BF
Frame
Designations
143JP and 145JP
182JP and 184JP
213JP and 215JP
254JP and 256JP
284JP and 286JP
324JP and 326JP
364JP and 365JP

Frame
Designations
143JP and 145JP
182JP and 184JP
213JP and 215JP
254JP and 256JP
284JP and 286JP
324JP and 326JP

..

364JP and 365JP

U
0.8745

0.8740
0.8745
0.8740
1.2495
1.2490
1.2495
1.2490
1.2495
1.2490
1.2495
1.2490
1.6245
1.6240

AH
7.343
7.281
7.343
7.281
8.156
8.094
8.156
8.094
8.156
8.094
8.156
8.094
8.156
8.094

AJ
5.875
5.875
7.250
7.250
11.000
11.000
11.000

AK
4.500
4.497
4.500
4.497
8.500
8.497
8.500
8.497
12.500
12.495
12.500
12.495
12.500
12.495

EN
Penetration Allowance
Bolt
Tap Drill
1.12
0.75

BB
0.156
0.125
0.156
0.125
0.312
0.250
0.312
0.250
0.312
0.250
0.312
0.250 .
0.312
0.250

Tap
Size
J/a-16

J/a-16

1.12

0.75

1.250

1.248

0.9995
1.0000
0.9995

1.750
1.748
1.750
1.748
1.750
1.748
1.750
1.748
2.125
2.123

1.3750
1.3745
1.3750
1.3745
1.3750
1.3745
1.3750
1.3745
1.7500
1.7495

1/2- 13

1.50

1.00

1.750

1/2- 13

1.50

1.00

1.750

1/2- 13

1.50

1.00

2.125

1/2- 13

1.50

1.00

2.125

1/2- 13

1.50

1.00

,..
~

Number
4

Tap Size
J/a-16

6.62

J/ a-16

0.56

EP
Min
1.156

2.500

EQ
1.578
1.548
1.578
1.548
2.390
2.360
2.390
2.360
2.390
2.360
2.395
2.355
2.395
2.355

QL

"U

u
-l

'<

(1)
(f)

OJ

9.00
10.0

4
4

1/ - 16
2

0.75

1/2- 13

0.75

::J
Q.

o
3
(1)
::J

ru
.-+

14.00

0/a- 11

0.94

14.00

%-11

0.94

14.00

%-11

0.94

Cil

Keyseat

EM
1.0000

EL
1.156
1.154
1.250

BD Max
6.62

Bolt Penetration
Allowance
0.56

~
co

ER
Min
7.312

R
0.771-0.756

ES
Min
1.65

7.312

0.771-0.756

1.65

8.125

1.112-1.097

2.53

8.125

1.112-1.097

2.53

8.125

1.112-1.097

2.53

8.125

1.112-1.097

2.53

8.125

1.416-1 .401

2.53

S
0.190
0.188
0.190
0.188
0.252
0.250
0.252
0.250
0.252
0.250
0.252
0.250
0.377
0.375

ET
5.952
5.922
5.952
5.922
5.890
5.860
5.890
5.860
5.895
5.855
5.895
5.855
5.895

5ii~,>-

o
o
o

HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -

2000

~---------BD-~~

4-BF HOLES

90 APART
NOTE: Dimensions shown on Table 1.5

Figure 1.43 -

Standard dimensions for HI - NEMA type HP and HPH vertical solid-shaft motors

Open drip-proof frame selections

H.P.
;j/4

1
1 1/2
2
3
5
7 1/ 2
10
15
20
25
30
40
50
60
75
100
125
150
200
250

3600 R.P.M.

143 HP
145 HP
145 HP
182 HP
184 HP
213 HP
215 HP
254 HP
256 HP
284HP
286 HP
324 HP
326 HP
364 HP
365 HP
404 HP
405 HP
444 HP
445 HP

1800 R.P.M.

143 HP
145 HP
145 HP
183 HP
184 HP
213 HP
215 HP
254 HP
256 HP
284 HP
286 HP
324 HP
326 HP
364HP
365HP
404HP
405 HP
444HP
445 HP

NOTES:

1200 R.P.M.
143 HP
145 HP
182 HP
184 HP
213 HP
215 HP
254 HP
256 HP
284 HP
286 HP
324 HP
326 HP
364 HP
365 HP
404 HP
405 HP
444HP
445 HP

1 Dimensions measured with motor in vertical


position shaft down.
2 AJ centerline of bolt holes within 0.025 inch for
all frames of true locations. True location is defined
as angular and diametrical location with reference to
centerline of AK.
Shaft end play shall not exceed the bearing internal
axial movement. The bearing mounting fits shall be
as recommended by the bearing manufacturer for
pump application.
The above applies to open and totally enclosed
motors: for explosion-proof motors, contact individual manufacturer.

53

(Jl

"""

oCD

::J
::!.
..."
C

.-.

Table 1.5 -

Standard dimensions for HI - NEMA Type HP and HPH vertical solid-shaft motors (US units)

Frame
Designations
143HP and 145HP
182HP and 184HP

AJ
9.125
9.125

213HP and 215 HP

9.125

254HP and 256HP

9.125

284HP and 286Hp a

9.125

324HP and 326HP

14.750

364HP and 365HP

14.750

404HP and 405Hp a

14.750

444HP and 445HP

14.750

AK
8.253
8.250
8.253
8.250
8.253
8.250
8.253
8.250
8.253
8.250
13.505
13.500
13.505
13.500
13.505
13.500
13.505
13.500

SS

SO

Min
0.19

Max
10.00

0.19

10.00

No.
4
4

Size
0.44
0.44

0.19

10.00

0.44

0.19

10.00

0.44

0.19

10.00

0.44

0.25

16.50

0.69

0.25

16.50

0.69

0.25

16.50

0.69

0.25

16.50

0.69

co

BF
Clearance
Hole

lJ

U
0.8750
0.8745
1.1250
1.1245
1.1250
1.1245
1.1250
1.1245
1.1250
1.1245
1.6250
1.6245
1.6250
1.6245
1.6250
1.6245
2.1250
2.1240

V
Min
2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75
4.50
4.50
4.50
4.50

AH
2.781
2.719
2.781
2.719
2.781
2.719
2.781
2.719
2.781
2.719
4.531
4.469
4.531
4.469
4.562
4.438
4.562
4.438

EP
Min
1.156
1.156
1.375
1.750
1.750
2.125
2.250
2.250
2.250

EU
0.688
0.683
0.875
0.870
0.875
0.870
0.875
0.870
0.875
0.870
1.250
1.245
1.250
1.245
1.250
1.245
1.750
1.745

Keyseat
ES
R
Min
S
0.771-0.756 1.28 0.190-0.188

"0

"0
CD
(f)

ru

::J

a.
Z

o
3

0.986-0.971 1.28 0.252-0.250

CD

::J

0.986-0.971 1.28 0.252-0.250

OJ
.-.
c
CD

0.986-0.971 1.28 0.252-0.250

I
t\)

o
o
o

0.986-0.971 1.28 0.252-0.250


1.416-1.401 3.03 0.377-0.375
1.416-1.401 3.03 0.377-0.375
1.416-1.401 3.03 0.377-0.375
1.845-1.830 3.03 0.502-0.500'
I

a These frames have the following alternate dimensions:

284HPH and 286HPH 14.750


404HPH and 405HPH 14.750

13.505
13.500
13.505
13.500
-

--

0.25

16.50

0.69

0.25

16.50

0.69

---

1.6250
1.6245
2.1250
2.1240

4.50
4.50

4.531
4.469
4.562
4.438

1.750
2.250

1.250
1.245
1.750
1.745

1.416-1.401 3.03 0.377-0.375


1.845-1.830 3.03 0.502-0.500

NOTES:

..

1 This standard was developed jointly by the Hydraulic Institute and NEMA.
2 All dimensions in inches. The above are integral-horsepower A-C squirrel-cage induction motors for process, in-line and other applications.

....

4IA-

HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions -

1.2
_

1.2.3.2

Definitions

The purpose of this section is to define terms used in


pump applications. Symbols, terms and units are
shown in Table 1.6 and subscripts in Table 1.7.

Rate of flow (capacity)

The rate of flow of a pump is the total volume throughput per unit of time at suction conditions. It assumes
no entrained gases at the stated operating conditions.
The term "capacity" is also used.

1.2.2

(Metric) v

(US units) v

Head

Head is the expression of the energy content of the liquid referred to any arbitrary datum. It is expressed in
units of energy per unit weight of liquid. The measuring
unit for head is meters (feet) of liquid.
1.2.3.1

v2
2g

=-

Where v is obtained by dividing the flow by the cross


section area at the point of gauge connection:

Speed

The number of revolutions of the shaft in a given unit of


time. Speed is expressed as revolutions per minute.

1.2.3

Velocity head (hv)

The kinetic energy of the liquid at a given cross section.


Velocity head is expressed by the following equation:
h

1.2.1

Gauge head (h g )

1 The energy of the liquid due to its pressure as determined by a pressure gauge or other pressure measuring device.

2000

1.2.3.3

278 x Q
A
=

0.32~5 x Q

Elevation head (Z)

The potential energy of the liquid due to its elevation


relative to a datum level measured to the center of the
pressure gauge or liquid surface.
1.2.3.4

Datum

The pump's datum is a horizontal plane that serves as


the reference for head measurements taken during
test. Vertical pumps are usually tested in an open pit
with the suction flooded. The datum is then the eye of
the first stage impeller (see Figure 1.44).
Optional tests can be performed with the pump
mounted in a ,suction can. IrrespeCtive of pump mounting, the pump's datum is maintained at the eye of the
first stage impeller.

PI!M' CENIERLINE

L-PI!M' CENlERllNE
ANDDATIJMELEVAllON

. Horizontal unit - Single or double


suction (double suction not
shown)
Figure 1.44 -

Vertical single
suction pump

Vertical double
suction pump

Datum elevations for various pump designs


55

U1

0>

(1)

Table 1.6 -

Symbol
A
~ (beta)
D
Ll (delta)
11 (eta)
g
'Y (gamma)
h
H
K
I
n
NPSHA
NPSHR
NS
v (nu)
1t

p
P
q
Q
RM
RT
P (rho)
S

1:

cj>

s
t
(tau)
U
v
(phi)
x

Term
Area
Meter or orifice ratio
Diameter
Difference
Efficiency
Gravitational acceleration
Specific weight
Head
Total head
Radial thrust factor
Static lift
Speed
Net positive suction head available
Net positive suction head required
Specific speed NS = nQ1/2/H3/4
Kinematic viscosity
pi = 3.1416
Pressure
Power
Rate of flow (Capacity)
Rate of flow (Capacity)
Linear model ratio
Radial thrust
Density
Suction specific speed
= nQ1/2/NPSHR3/4
Specific gravity
Temperature
Torque
Residual unbalance
Velocity
Velocity in vibration
Exponent
Elevation gauge distance above
or below datum

Metric unit
square millimeter
dimensionless
millimeter
dimensionless
percent
meter/second squared

Abbreviation
mm

meter
meter
dimensionless
meter
revolutions/minute
meter
meter
notused b
millimeter squared/sec
dimensionless
kilopascal
kilowatt
cubic meter/hour
cubic meter/hour
dimensionless
Newton
kilogram/cubic meter
notused b

m
m

dimensionless
degrees Celsius
Newton-meter
gram-centimeter
meter/second
millimeters/second
none
meter

=metric units.

Conversion factor x English units

Di. :ions are not used. Values will depend on units used in formula.

~
-.

Symbols

....

mm

%
m/s2

m
rpm
m
m
mm 2/s
kPa
kW
m3/h
m3/h
N
kg/m 3

C
Nm
g-cm
m/s
mm/s
none
m

US Customary Unit
square inches
dimensionless
inches
dimensionless
percent
feet/second squared
pounds/cubic foot
feet
feet
dimensionless
feet
revolutions/minute
feet
feet
not used b
feet squared/second
dimensionless
pounds/square inch
horsepower
cubic feet/second
US gallons/minute
dimensionless
pounds (force)
pound mass/cubic foot
not used b
dimensionless
degrees Fahrenheit
pound-feet
ounce-inches
feet/second
inches/second
none
feet

Abbreviation
in
in

%
ft/sec2
Ib/ft3
ft
ft
ft
rpm
ft
ft
ft2/sec
psi
hp
ft3/ sec
gpm
Ibf
Ibm/ft3

OF
Ib-ft
oz-in
ft/sec
in/sec
none
ft

Conversion
factor 8
645.2 .
1
25.4
1
1
0.3048

co

Q!.

"U

"0

::J

;:::;:

::J

(Jl

0.3048
0.3048
1
0.3048
1
0.3048
0.3048
1.162
92,900
1
6.895
0.7457
101.94
0.2271
1
4.448
16.02
1.162

o
o
o

1
(OF-32) x 5tg
1.356
720
0.3048
25.4
1
0.3048

.,

HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions -

Table 1.7 -

2000

Subscripts

Subscript

Term

Subscript

Term

Subscript

Term

Test condition or
model

Gauge

Suction

Specific condition
or prototype

max

Maximum

Theoretical

Absolute

min

Minimum

Velocity

atm

Atmospheric

mot

Motor

vp

Vapor pressure

Barometric

ot

Operating temperature

Water

Discharge

OA

Overall unit

dvr

Driver input

Pump

1.2.3.5

Total suction head (h s ), open suction

1.2.3.7

Total discharge head (h d )

For open suction (wet pit) installations, the first stage


impeller of the bowl assembly is submerged in a pit.
The total suction head (h s) at datum is the submergence (Zw). If the average velocity head of the flow in
the pit is small enough to be neglected, then:

The total discharge head (hd) is the sum of the discharge gauge head (h gd ) plus the velocity head (hvd)
at point of gauge attachment plus the elevation head
(Zd) from the discharge gauge centerline to the pump
datum:

Where:

1.2.3.8

Zw =
1.2.3.6
test

Vertical distance in meters (feet) from free


water surface to datum

Total suction head (h s ), closed suction

For closed suction installations, the pump suction nozzle may be located either above or below grade level.
The total suction head (h s), referred to the eye of the
first stage impeller is the algebraic sum of the suction
gauge head (h gs) plus the velocity head (h vs ) at point
of gauge attachment plus the elevation head (Zs) from
the suction gauge centerline (or manometer zero) to
the pump datum:

The suction head (h s) is positive when the suction


gauge reading is above atmospheric pressure and
negative when the reading is below atmospheric pressure by an amount exceeding the sum of the elevation
head and the velocity head.

Total head (H)

This is the measure of energy increase per unit weight


of the liquid, imparted to the liquid by the pump, and is
the difference between the total discharge head and
the total suction head.
This is the head normally specified for pumping applications since the complete characteristics of a system
determine the total head required.

1.2.3.9

Atmospheric head (h atm )

Local atmospheric pressure expressed in meters (feet)


of liquid.

1.2.3.10

Friction head (hr)

Friction head is the hydraulic energy required to overcome frictional resistance of a piping system to liquid
flow expressed in meters (feet) of liquid.

57

HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions - 2000

1.2.4
1.2.4.1

Condition points
Rated condition point

Rated condition applies to the rate of flow, head, net


positive suction head and speed of the pump, as specified by the order.
1.2.4.2

1.2.5.3 Net positive suction head available


(NPSHA)

Specified condition point

Specified condition point is synonymous with rated


condition point.

Net positive suction head available is the total suction


head of liquid absolute, determined at the first stage
impeller datum, less the absolute vapor pressure of
the liquid at a specific rate of flow:
NPSHA = hsa - hvp
Where:
hsa =

1.2.4.3

Normal condition point

Applies to the point on the performance curve at which


the pump will normally operate. It may be the same as
the rated condition point.
1.2.4.4

Best efficiency point (BEP)

The rate of flow and head at which the pump efficiency


is a maximum.
1.2.4.5

Shut off (SO)

The condition of zero flow where no liquid is flowing


through the pump, but the pump is primed and running.
1.2.4.6

Allowable operating range

Total suction head absolute = hatm + hs

or NPSHA

= hatm + hs -

hvp

NOTE: hatm will vary with elevation and weather.


1.2.5.4 Net positive suction head required
(NPSHR)
The amount of suction head, over vapor pressure,
required to prevent more than 3% loss in total head
from the first stage of the pump at a specific rate of flow.
1.2.5.5

Maximum suction pressure

This is the highest suction pressure to which the pump.


will be subjected during operation.

1.2.6

Power

This is the flow range at the specified speeds with the


impeller supplied as limited by cavitation, heating,
vibration, noise, shaft deflection, fatigue and other
similar criteria. This range is to be defined by the
manufacturer. See ANSI/HI 9.6.3-1997, Centrifugal
and Vertical Pumps for Allowable Operation Region.

The electrical input power to the motor.

1.2.5

Suction conditions

The power delivered to the pump shaft at the driver to


pump coupling. It is also called brake horsepower.

1.2.5.1

Submerged suction

A submerged suction exists when the centerline of the


pump inlet is below the level of the liquid in the supply
tank.
1.2.5.2

Static suction lift (Is)

Static suction lift is a hydraulic pressure below atmospheric at the intake port of the pump.

1.2.6.1

Electric motor input power (P mot )

Pump input power (Pp)

1.2.6.2

Pump output power (P w)

1.2.6.3

The power imparted to the liquid by the pump. It is also


called water horsepower.

(Metric) P w

QxHxs

(US units) P w =
1.2.6.4

366

QxHxs
3960

Overall ~fficiency (lloA)

This is the ratio of the energy imparted to the liquid


(Pw) by the pump to the energy supplied to the (P mot );

58

,t

HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions - 2000

that is, the ratio of the water horsepower to the power


input to the primary driver expressed in percent.

1.2.6.6 High-energy pump

graphically represented. This definition, as represented in Figures 1.45 and 1.46, shows that high-energy
pumps can be of low specific speed design, with relatively high total head, or of high specific speed design,
with relatively low total head. The curve separating
"low" and "high" energy pumps is of nearly constant
energy level. It is not a definitive separating line, but
rather a broad band and pumps falling close to this line
- on either side ~ might be considered as low or high
energy.

High-energy pumps are defined as those above a certain energy level.

The following symbols, their definitions and units of


measure apply to the figures:

One parameter used in determining energy level is the


total head and the density (specific gravity) of the
pumped fluid. The other parameter is pump specific
speed, which defines pump and impeller geometry in
relative terms. Specific speed is used in conjunction
with developed head and specific gravity to effectively
define "high energy," while avoiding the many variables
involved in other specific design and application
parameters.

Total Head x S pump total head (per stage for multistage pumps) meters (feet) times specific gravity (S).

1.2.6.5 Pump efficiency (1lp)


This is the ratio of the energy imparted to the liquid by
the pump (P w) to the energy delivered to the pump
shaft (P p) expressed in percent.

By using these terms and relating them to general


PUIlJP operating experience, a measure of "high
energy" versus "low energy" pumps is defined and

Specific Speed

= n( 0)0.5
(H)0.75

NOTE: for double suction pumps (impellers), 0 is


the total pump flow.

speed, rpm

rate of flow,

H =

m3/h (gpm)

total head (per stage), meters (feet)

300

250

200

(])

a>
..
CI)

150

"0
a!

High energy

(])

.c:

Cii

100

Low energy
50

..........

----

o
500

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

3,000

3,500

4,000

Specific Speed

Figure 1.45 -

High-energy versus low-energy pumps (metric)

59

HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions -

2000

1,000

800

C/)

600

High energy

1\

"0

ctl

(])

..c:

iii

400

Low energy

200

""-

~ r--

---

o
500

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

3,000

3,500

Specific Speed

Figure 1.46 1.2.7


1.2.7.1

High-energy versus low-energy pumps (US units)

Pump pressures
Working pressure (Pd)

The maximum discharge pressure that could occur in


the pump when it is operated at rated speed and suction pressure for the given application.

1.2.7.2 Maximum allowable casing working


pressure
This is the highest pressure at the specified pumping
temperature for which the pump casing is designed.
This pressure shall be equal to or greater than the
maximum discharge pressure. In the case of some
pumps (double suction, vertical turbine, axial split case
can pumps, or multistage, for example), the maximum
allowable casing working pressure on the suction side
may be different from that on the discharge side.

1.2.7.3

Maximum suction pressure

The highest suction pressure to which the pump will


be subjected during operation.

60

1.2.7.4

Field test pressure

The maximum hydrostatic test pressure to be used for


leak testing a closed pumping system in the field if the
pumps are not isolated. Generally this is taken as
125% of the maximum allowable casing working pressure. In cases where mechanical seals are used, this
pressure may be limited by the pressure-containing
capabilities of the seal.
NOTE: See Section 1.2.7.2 Maximum allowable
casing working pressure. Consideration of which
may limit the field test pressure of the pump to
125% of the maximum allowable casing working
pressure on the suction side of double suction split
case pumps and certain other pump types.

1.2.8

Impeller balancing

1.2.8.1 Single plane balancing (also called static


balancing)
Correction of residual unbalance to a specified maximum limit by removing or adding weight in one correction plane only. Can be accomplished statically using
balance rails or by spinning.

HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions -

2000

1.2.8.2 Two plane balancing (also called dynamic

f' balancing)

Correction of residual unbalance to a specified limit by


removing or adding weight in two correction planes,
Accomplished by spinning on appropriate balancing
machines.

61

HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions -

2000

Appendix A
References

This appendix is not part of this standard, but is presented to help the user in considering factors beyond the standard sump design.
NEMA-National Electrical Manufacturers
Associations
NEMA-MG1-1993, Motors and Generators
National Electrical Manufacturers Association
2101 L Street, NW, Suite 300
Washington, D.C. 20037

62

HI Centrifugal Pump Index -

2000

Appendix B
Index

This appendix is not part of this standard, but is presented to help the user in considering factors beyond this
standard.
Note: an f. indicates a figure, and a

t. indicates a table.

Allowable operating range, 58


Atmospheric head, 57
Axial flow pumps, 4, 4f.
impeller between bearings-separately coupledsingle stage axial (horizontal) split case, 46f.
impeller between bearings-separately coupledsingle stage axial (horizontal) split case pump
on base plate, 45f.
separately coupled single stage-(horizontal) split
case, 16f.
separately coupled single stage-horizontal, 15f.
separately coupled-mulitstage-(horizontal) split
case, 18f.

Bare rotor
multistage, axially split, single or double suction
centrifugal pumps, 25
single stage, axially (horizontally) split, single or
double suction centrifugal pump, 25
BEP See Best efficiency point
Best efficiency point, 58
Capacity, 55
Casing rotation, 26
Casing working pressure, 60
Centerline mounted pumps
separately coupled single stage, 41 f.
separately coupled single stage (top suction), 43f.
separately coupled single stage-pump on base
plate, 42f.
separately coupled single stage-pump on base plate
(top suction), 44f.
Centerline support pumps, 12f.
Centrifugal pumps
defined, 1
nomenclature (alphabetical listing), 27t.-35t.
nomenclature (numerical listing), 35t.-38t.
size, 25
Condition points, 58

. . Datum, 55
Datum elevations, 55f.
Dimensional designations, 39-46

Dimensionally interchangeable pump, 25


Duplicate performance pump, 25
Dynamic balancing; 61
Electric motor input power, 58
Elevation head, 55
End suction pumps, 4f.
submersible, 5f.
Face-mounted motor dimensions, 49t.
type JM, 51 t.
type JM having rolling contact bearings, 50f.
type JP, 52t.
type JP having rolling contact bearings, 50f.
Field test pressure, 60
Frame mounted pumps
ANSI B73.1, 13f.
lined, 11 f.
separately coupled single stage-mixed flow, 21 f.
separately coupled single stage-self-priming, 24f.
separately coupled-single stage, 10f., 39f.
separately coupled-single stage (vertically
mounted),47f.
separately coupled-single stage-pump on base
plate,40f.
Francis vane, 3f., 3
Friction head, 57
Gauge head, 55
Head,55
atmospheric, 57
elevation, 55
friction, 57
gauge, 55
net positive suction head available, 58
net positive suction head required, 58
total, 57, 59
total discharge, 57
total suction (closed suction), 57
total suction (open suction), 57
velocity, 55
High-energy pumps, 59, 59f., 60f.
63

HI Centrifugal Pump Index - 2000


HP and HPH vertical solid-shaft motor dimensions,
53f., 53t., 54t.
Identical performance and dimensional pump, 25
Impeller balancing, 60
Impeller between bearings, 1f., 2
separately coupled-multistage axial (horizontal) split
case, 18f.
separately coupled-multistage radial (vertical) split
case, 19f.
separately coupled-multistage radial (vertical) splitdouble casing, 20f.
separately coupled-single stage axial (horizontal)
.
split case, 46f.
separately coupled-single stage axial (horizontal)
split case pump on base plate, 45f.
separately coupled-single stage-axial (horizontal)
split case, 16f.
separately coupled-single stage-radial (vertical)
split case, 17f.
Impeller designs, 2
axial flow, 4, 4f.
Francis vane, 3f., 3
impeller between bearing type, 1f., 2
mixed flow, 3, 3f.
radial flow, 3, 3f.
specific speed, 3f.
suction specific speed, 3f.
In-line pumps, 7f.
flexible coupling, 8f.
rigid coupling, 9f.
Interchangeable pump, 25
Kinetic pumps
impeller between bearing type, 1f., 2
overhung impeller types, 1f., 2, 4f.-15f., 21 f., 24f.
regenerative turbine type, 1, 1f., 2
special variations, 2
types, 1f., 1
Letter designations, 39-46
Low-energy pumps, 59, 59f., 60f.
Maximum allowable casing working pressure, 60
Maximum suction pressure, 58, 60
Minimum spares, 27
Mixed flow pumps, 3, 3f.
Motor dimensions
face-mounted, 49t.
HP and HPH vertical solid-shaft, 53f., 53t., 54t.
type JM, 51 t.
type JM having rolling contact bearings, 50f.
type JP, 52t.
type JP having rolling contact bearings, 50f.

64

Net positive suction head


available, 5 8 4
required,58

Nomenclature
alphabetical listing, 27t.-35t.
numerical listing, 35t.-38t.
Normal condition point, 58
NPSHA See a/so Net positive suction head available
NPSHR See Net positive suction head required
Overall efficiency, 58
Overhung impeller
separately coupled single stage-frame mounted,
39f.
Overhung impeller pumps, 1f., 2
close couple single stage-diffuser style-end suctionsubmersible, Sf.
close coupled single stage-end suction, 4f.
close coupled single stage-in-line, 7f.
close coupled single stage-submersible, 6f.
close coupled-single stage-end suction, 47f.
separately coupled single stage-axial flowhorizontal, 15f.
separately coupled singlestage-centerline
mounted, 41 f.
separately coupled single stage-centerline mounted
(top suction), 43f.
separately coupled single stage-centerline mounted
pump on base plate (top suction), 44f.
separately coupled single stage-centerline
mounted-pump on base plate, 42f.
separately coupled single stage-centerline supportAPI 610, 12f.
separately coupled single stage-frame mounted,
1Of.
separately coupled single stage-frame mountedANSI B73.1, 13f.
separately coupled single stage-frame mountedlined pump, 11 f.
separately coupled single stage-frame mountedmixed flow, 21f.
separately coupled single stage-frame mountedself-priming, 24f.
separately coupled single stage-in-line-f1exible
coupling, 8f.
separately coupled single stage-in-line-rigid
coupling, 9f.
separately coupled single stage-wet pit volute, 14f.
separately coupled-single stage-frame mounted
(vertically mounted), 47f.
separately coupled-single stage-frame mountedpump on base plate, 40f.
Power, 58
Propeller pumps See Axial flow pumps

HI Centrifugal Pump Index -

Pump
Pump
Pump
Pump

efficiency, 59
input power, 58
output power, 58
pressures, 60

Radial flow pumps, 3, 3f.


separately coupled single stage-(vertical) split case,
17f.
separately coupled-mulitstage-(vertical) split case,
19f.
separately coupled-mulitstage-(vertical) splitdouble casing, 20f.
Rate of flow, 55
Rated condition point, 58
Recommended minimum spares, 27
Regenerative turbine pumps, 1f., 1, 2
impeller between bearings-two stage, 23f.
peripheral single stage, 22f.
side channel single stage, 22f.
Rotating assembly
multistage, axially split, single or double suction
centrifugal pumps, 26
single stage, axially (horizontally) split, single or
double suction centrifugal pump, 25
Rotation of casing, 26
Rotation of pumps, 26, 26f.
Shut off, 58
Single plane balancing, 60
SO See Shut off
Spare parts, 27
Specific speed, 2,3f., 59
Specified condition point, 58
Speed,55
Static balancing, 60
Static suction lift, 58
Stuffing box
area, 48f.

2000

Submerged suction, 58
Submergence, 57
Submersible pumps, 5f., 6f.
Subscripts, 57t.
Suction conditions, 58
Suction pressure, 60
Suction pumps, 4f.
datum elevations, 55f.
submersible, 5f.
Suction specific speed, 3t., 3
Symbols, 56t.
Terminology
alphabetical listing, 27t.-35t.
numerical listing, 35t.-38t.
Total discharge head, 57
Total head, 57, 59
Total suction head
closed suction test, 57
net positive ~uction head available, 58
net positive suction head required, 58
open suction, 57
Two plane balancing, 61
Type JM motors, 51t.
having rolling contact bearings, 50t.
Type JP motors, 52t.
having rOiling contact bearings, 50t.
Velocity head, 55
Vertical solid-shaft motor dimensions (HP and HPH),
53f., 53t., 54t.
Wet pit volute pumps, 14f.
total suction head, 57
Working pressure, 60

65