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Curso: Engenharia de Computao

CIRCUITOS
ELETRNICOS I
ELC 1058

UNIDADE 2 TRANSISTORES BIPOLARES

Conceito:
O que ? Bipolar
Aula
5: O Transistor

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Construction


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Basics:
The abbreviation BJT, from
bipolar junction transistor, is often
applied to this three-terminal
device.
The transistor is a three-layer
semiconductor device consisting
of either two n- and one p-type
layers of material or two p- and
one n-type layers of material.
The terminals have been indicated
by the capital letters E for emitter,
C for collector, and B for base.

j1 j2

npn transistor

j1 j2

pnp transistor
j1- base-emitter
j2- base-collector

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Construction


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Operation:
The basic operation of
the transistor will now be
described using the pnp
transistor.

forward-biased junction (j1)

The operation of the npn


transistor is exactly the
same if the roles played
by the electron and hole
are interchanged.

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Construction


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Operation:
reverse-biased junction (j2)

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Construction


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Operation:
Conduction implies both potentials.

Applying Kirchhoffs
current law to the
transistor:

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Construction


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Types and currents direction:

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Construction


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Review:
Conduction implies both potentials.

j1

j2

forward-biased (j1)
reverse-biased (j2)

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Construction


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Review:
Circuit Analysis.

Two circuits

Three terminals
One common
terminal

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Construction


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Review:
Circuit Analysis.

I2
I1

I1

Device related variables

I2

V1

Input variables

V2

V2

V1
I1

Common branch

I2

Output variables
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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Possible configurations:
COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION

COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION

COMMON-COLLECTOR CONFIGURATION
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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION:
Input Circuit Analysis.

j1

forward-biased (j1)

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION:
Input Circuit Analysis.
The equivalent model (approximations).
j1

forward-biased (j1)

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION:
Output Circuit Analysis.

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION:
Output Circuit Analysis.

15

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION:
Output Circuit Analysis.

Active region

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION:
Output Circuit Analysis.

Cutoff region

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION:
Output Circuit Analysis.

Saturation region

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION:
Alfa:

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Review:
COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION

Input Circuit Analysis.

Output Circuit Analysis.

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION:

Fig. 3.13

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION:

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION:

23

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION:
ACTIVE REGION:

j2

j1

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION:
ACTIVE REGION:

j2

j1

forward-biased (j1)
reverse-biased (j2)

25

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION:
ACTIVE REGION:

IB

Fig. 3.14
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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION:
CUTOFF REGION:

Why ?

Fig. 3.14
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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION:

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION:

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Transistor Amplifying Action:
COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION:

Resistance
I
1/R
V
IE

IC
1/Ri

VBE
Input characteristic
0.7V

1/Ro
VCB
Output characteristic

30

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configuration


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Transistor Amplifying Action:
COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION:

Ohms Law:
IE x Ri small
IC x Ro large
Ri small

Ro large

Vo >> Vi
Voltage amplification.

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Amplifying


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Transistor Amplifying Action:
COMMON-BASE CONFIGURATION:
Ri small

Ro large

Vo >> Vi

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Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Amplifying


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Transistor Amplifying Action:
COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION:

Resistance
I
1/R

80

V
IB

IC
1/Ri

VBE
Input characteristic
0.7V

1/Ro
VCE
Output characteristic

Ri small
Ro large
33

Unity 2: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Amplifying


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Transistor Amplifying Action:
COMMON-EMITTER CONFIGURATION:
Ri small
Ro large

Vo >> Vi

Voltage amplification.

IC= IB

Io >> Ii
Current amplification.

Voltage amplification + Current amplification =

Power amplification.

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Unity 4: BJT Configurations


Lecture10

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-COLLECTOR CONFIGURATION:

Fig. 3.20

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Unity 4: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configurations


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


COMMON-COLLECTOR CONFIGURATION:

ATENO !!!
Desenvolver as caractersticas desta
configurao e entregar na prxima
aula.

36

Unity 4: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Gain


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Gain relationship:

37

Unity 4: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configurations


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Gain relationship:

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Unity 4: Bipolar Junction Transistor - Configurations


Lecture 5

Bipolar Junction Transistor:


Gain relationship:

39

UNIDADE 2 TRANSISTORES BIPOLARES

Aula 5:
Exerccios
Conceito:
O que
?

40

Unity 2: BJT Configurations


Lecture 5

EXERCISES

Common-emitter configuration:

41

Unity 2: BJT Construction


Lecture 5

EXERCISES

TRANSISTOR OPERATION:

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Unity 2: BJT Construction


Lecture 5

EXERCISES

TRANSISTOR OPERATION:

43

Unity 2: BJT Configurations


Lecture 5

EXERCISES

Common-base configuration:

44

Unity 2: BJT Configurations


Lecture 5

EXERCISES

Common-base configuration:

45

Unity 2: BJT Configurations


Lecture 5

EXERCISES

Common-emitter configuration:

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Unity 2: BJT Configurations


Lecture 5

EXERCISES

Common-emitter configuration:

47

Unity 2: BJT Configurations


Lecture 5

EXERCISES

Common-emitter configuration:

48

Unity 2: BJT Configurations


Lecture 5

EXERCISES

Common-emitter configuration:

49

UNIDADE 2 TRANSISTORES BIPOLARES

Aula 6: Circuitos de polarizao


para
BJT
Conceito:
O que
?

50