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3.

6 Perhitungan Gaya Batang dengan Metode Joint


1. Beban Mati

Gambar 3.28 Free Body Diagram (FBD) Beban Mati

Joint A

Gambar 3.29 Joint A


V
Ra- 563,33 + S2y
3554,81 563,33 +S2. Sin 40
S2
H
S2x + S1
S1

=0
=0
=0
= -4653,91 Kg

=0
=0
= -(-4653,91) . cos 40
= 3565,10 Kg

38

Joint B

Gambar 3.30 Joint B


V
=0
-548,50 + S4y S3y- S2y
=0
(S4-S3).sin 40
= 548,50 + (-4653,91).sin 40
S4 S3= -3800,59 Kg
H
S4x+ S3x S2x
(S4 + S3).cos 40
S4 + S3
S4
S3

=0
=0
= (-4653,91) . cos 40
= -4653,91 Kg

= -4227,24 Kg
= -426,66 Kg

Joint C

Gambar 3.31 Joint C


V
=0
-143,90 +S5y + S3y = 0
S5. Sin 68o
= -S3. Sin 40o + 143,90
S5
= 450,99 Kg
H
S6 + S5x S3x S1
S6
S6

=0
=0
= -S5. Cos 68o + S3. Cos 40o + S1
= 3069,31 Kg

39

Joint D

Gambar 3.32 Joint D


V
=0
S8y 568,08 S7y S4y S5y
=0
o
o
S8. Sin 40 - S7. Sin 68
= 568,08 + S5. Sin 68o + S4. Sin 40o
0,64.S8 0,93.S7
= -1730,99 Kg
H
S7x + S8x S5x S4x
S7.Cos 68o + S8. Cos 40o
0,77.S8 + 0,37.S7

=0
=0
= S5. Cos 68o + S4. Cos 40o
= -3069,31 Kg

S7 = -680,19 Kg
S8 = -3674,08 Kg

Joint E

Gambar 3.33 Joint E


V
-143,90 +S9y + S7y

=0
=0
40

S9. Sin 77o


S9

= -S7. Sin 68o + 143,90


= 794,94 Kg

=0
=0
= -S9. Cos 77o + S6 + S7.Cos 68o
= 2635,69 Kg

S10 + S9x S6 S7x


S10
S10

Joint F

Gambar 3.34 Joint F


V
=0
S12y 568,08 S11y S9y S8y = 0
S12. Sin 40o S11.Sin 77o = 568,08 + S9. Sin 77o + S8. Sin 40o
0,64.S12 0,97.S11 = -1019,01 Kg
H
S12x + S11x S8x S9x
S12. Cos 40o + S11.Cos 77o
0,77.S12 + 0,22.S11
S11
S12

=0
=0
= S9. Cos 77o + S8. Cos 40o
= -2635,69 Kg

= -1025,33 Kg
= -3139,55 Kg

41

Joint G

Gambar 3.35 Joint G


V
-143,90 + S13y + S11y
S13. Sin 80o
S13
H
S14 + S13x S10 S11x
S14
S14

=0
=0
= -S11. Sin 77o + 143,90
= 1136,79 Kg

=0
=0
= -S13. Cos 80o + S10 + S11.Cos 77o
= 2207,63 Kg

Joint H

Gambar 3.36 Joint H


V
=0
S16y 548,50 S15y S13y S12y = 0
S16. Sin 40o S15.Sin 80o = 548,50+ S13. Sin 80o + S12. Sin 40o
0,64.S16 0,98.S15 = -350,04 Kg
H

=0
42

S16x + S15x S13x S12x = 0


S16. Cos 40o + S15.Cos 80o = S13. Cos 80o + S12. Cos 40o
0,77.S16 + 0,17.S15 = -2207,63 Kg
S16
S15

= -2580,62 Kg
= -1328,94 Kg

Karena beban dan jarak simetris. Maka nilai gaya batang pada beban sama.
Tabel 3.18
Nilai Gaya Batang Akibat Beban Mati Menggunakan Metode Joint
Gaya Batang
(Kg)
No
Batang
Tarik
Tekan
(+)
(-)
1
S1
3565,10
2
S2
4653,90
3
S3
426,66
4
S4
4227,24
5
S5
450,99
6
S6
3069,31
7
S7
680,19
8
S8
3674,08
9
S9
794,94
10
S10
2635,69
11
S11
1025,33
12
S12
3139,55
13
S13
1136,79
14
S14
2207,63
15
S15
1328,94
16
S16
2580,62
17
S17
2580,62
18
S18
1328,94
19
S19
2207,63
20
S20
1136,79
21
S21
3139,55
22
S22
1025,33
23
S23
2635,69
24
S24
794,94
25
S25
3674,08
26
S26
680,19
27
S27
3069,31
28
S28
450,99
29
S29
4227,24
30
S30
426,66
31
S31
3565,10
32
S32
4653,90

43

2. Beban Hidup

Gambar 3.37 Free Body Diagram (FBD) Beban Hidup

Joint A

Gambar 3.38 Joint A


V
=0
Ra- 200 + S2y = 0
650 200 +S2. Sin 40 = 0
S2
= -700,08 Kg
H
S2x + S1
S1

=0
=0
= -(-700,08) . cos 40
= 536,29 Kg

44

Joint B

Gambar 3.39 Joint B


V
=0
-100 + S4y S3y- S2y
=0
(S4-S3).sin 40
= 100 + (-700,08).sin 40
S4 S3= -600,08 Kg
H
S4x+ S3x S2x
(S4 + S3).cos 40
S4 + S3
S4
S3

=0
=0
= (-700,08) . cos 40
= -536,29 Kg

= -622,29 Kg
= -77,79 Kg

Joint C

Gambar 3.40 Joint C


V
S5y + S3y
S5. Sin 68o
S5
H
S6 + S5x S3x S1
S6
S6

=0
=0
= -S3. Sin 40o
= 53,93 Kg

=0
=0
= -S5. Cos 68o + S3. Cos 40o + S1
= 456,50 Kg
45

Joint D

Gambar 3.41 Joint D


V
=0
S8y 100 S7y S4y S5y = 0
S8. Sin 40o - S7. Sin 68o
= 100 + S5. Sin 68o + S4. Sin 40o
0,64.S8 0,93.S7
= -250 Kg
H
S7x + S8x S5x S4x
S7.Cos 68o + S8. Cos 40o
0,77.S8 + 0,37.S7

=0
=0
= S5. Cos 68o + S4. Cos 40o
= -456,50 Kg

S7 = -107,17 Kg
S8 = -543,51 Kg

Joint E

Gambar 3.42 Joint E


V
S9y + S7y
S9. Sin 77o
S9

=0
=0
= -S7. Sin 68o
= 101,98 Kg
46

=0
=0
= -S9. Cos 77o + S6 + S7.Cos 68o
= 393,42 Kg

S10 + S9x S6 S7x


S10
S10

Joint F

Gambar 3.43 Joint F


V
=0
S12y 100 S11y S9y S8y
=0
o
o
S12. Sin 40 S11.Sin 77
= 100 + S9. Sin 77o + S8. Sin 40o
0,64.S12 0,97.S11 = -150 Kg
H
S12x + S11x S8x S9x
S12. Cos 40o + S11.Cos 77o
0,77.S12 + 0,22.S11
S11
S12

=0
=0
= S9. Cos 77o + S8. Cos 40o
= -393,42 Kg

= -154,85 Kg
= -468,09 Kg

47

Joint G

Gambar 3.44 Joint G


V
=0
S13y + S11y = 0
S13. Sin 80o = -S11. Sin 77o
S13 = 146,16 Kg
H
S14 + S13x S10 S11x
S14
S14

=0
=0
= -S13. Cos 80o + S10 + S11.Cos 77o
= 333,20 Kg

Joint H

Gambar 3.45 Joint H


V
=0
S16y 100 S15y S13y S12y
=0
S16. Sin 40o S15.Sin 80o = 100+ S13. Sin 80o + S12. Sin 40o
0,64.S16 0,98.S15 = -56,95 Kg
H
=0
S16x + S15x S13x S12x = 0
S16. Cos 40o + S15.Cos 80o = S13. Cos 80o + S12. Cos 40o
48

0,77.S16 + 0,17.S15 = -333,20 Kg


S16
S15

= -390,32 Kg
= -196,94 Kg

Karena beban dan jarak simetris. Maka nilai gaya batang pada beban sama.
Tabel 3.19
Nilai Gaya Batang Akibat Beban Hidup Menggunakan Metode Joint
Gaya Batang
(Kg)
No
Batang
Tarik
Tekan
(+)
(-)
1
S1
536,29
2
S2
700,08
3
S3
77,79
4
S4
622,29
5
S5
53,93
6
S6
456,50
7
S7
107,17
8
S8
543,51
9
S9
101,98
10
S10
393.42
11
S11
154,85
12
S12
468,09
13
S13
146,16
14
S14
333,20
15
S15
196,94
16
S16
390,32
17
S17
390,32
18
S18
196,94
19
S19
333,20
20
S20
146,16
21
S21
468,09
22
S22
154,85
23
S23
393.42
24
S24
101,98
25
S25
543,51
26
S26
107,17
27
S27
456,50
28
S28
53,93
29
S29
622,29
30
S30
77,79
31
S31
536,29
32
S32
700,08

49

3. Beban Hujan

Gambar 3.46 Free Body Diagram (FBD) Beban Hujan

Joint A

Gambar 3.47 Joint A


V
Ra- 15,67 + S2y
242,83 15,67 +S2. Sin 40
S2
H
S2x + S1
S1

=0
=0
=0
= -353,39Kg

=0
=0
= -(-353,39) . cos 40
= 270,71 Kg

50

Joint B

Gambar 3.48 Joint B


V
=0
-47 + S4y S3y - S2y = 0
(S4-S3).sin 40 = 47 + (-353,39).sin 40
S4 S3= -280,27Kg
H
S4x+ S3x S2x
(S4 + S3).cos 40
S4 + S3
S4
= -316,83Kg
S3
= -36,56 Kg

=0
=0
= (-353,39) . cos 40
= -353,39 Kg

Joint C

Gambar 3.49 Joint C


V
S5y + S3y
S5. Sin 68o
S5

=0
=0
= -S3. Sin 40o
= 25,35 Kg

H
=0
S6 + S5x S3x S1 = 0
S6
= -S5. Cos 68o + S3. Cos 40o + S1
51

S6

= 253,21 Kg

Joint D

Gambar 3.50 Joint D


V
S8y 62,66 S7y S4y S5y
S8. Sin 40o - S7. Sin 68o

=0
=0
= 62,66 + S5. Sin 68o + S4. Sin

40o
0,64.S8 0,93.S7
H
S7x + S8x S5x S4x
S7.Cos 68o + S8. Cos 40o
0,77.S8 + 0,37.S7

= -117,50 Kg

=0
=0
= S5. Cos 68o + S4. Cos 40o
= -233,21 Kg

S7 = -62,98 Kg
S8 = -273,64 Kg

Joint E

Gambar 3.51 Joint E


V
S9y + S7y
S9. Sin 77o

=0
=0
= -S7. Sin 68o
52

S9

= 59,93 Kg
H

=0
=0
= -S9. Cos 77o + S6 + S7.Cos 68o
= 196,14 Kg

S10 + S9x S6 S7x


S10
S10

Joint F

Gambar 3.52 Joint F


V
=0
S12y 62,66 S11y S9y S8y
=0
S12. Sin 40o S11.Sin 77o = 62,66 + S9. Sin 77o + S8. Sin 40o
0,64.S12 0,97.S11 = -54,84 Kg
H
S12x + S11x S8x S9x
S12. Cos 40o + S11.Cos 77o
0,77.S12 + 0,22.S11
S11
S12

=0
=0
= S9. Cos 77o + S8. Cos 40o
= -196,14 Kg

= -94,35 Kg
= -228,33 Kg

Joint G

Gambar 3.53 Joint G


53

V
=0
S13y + S11y = 0
S13. Sin 80o = -S11. Sin 77o
S13 = 53,43 Kg
H
S14 + S13x S10 S11x
S14
S14

=0
=0
= -S13. Cos 80o + S10 + S11.Cos 77o
= 165,63 Kg

Joint H

Gambar 3.54 Joint H


V
=0
S16y 47 S15y S13y S12y
=0
S16. Sin 40o S15.Sin 80o = 47+ S13. Sin 80o + S12. Sin 40o
0,64.S16 0,98.S15 = -47,15 Kg
H
S16x + S15x S13x S12x
S16. Cos 40o + S15.Cos 80o
0,77.S16 + 0,17.S15
S16
S15

=0
=0
= S13. Cos 80o + S12. Cos 40o
= -165,63 Kg

= -197,81 Kg
= -81,23 Kg

Karena beban dan jarak simetris. Maka nilai gaya batang pada beban sama.
Tabel 3.20
Nilai Gaya Batang Akibat Beban Hujan Menggunakan Metode Joint
Gaya Batang
(Kg)
No
Batang
Tarik
Tekan
(+)
(-)
1
S1
270,71
54

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
S7
S8
S9
S10
S11
S12
S13
S14
S15
S16
S17
S18
S19
S20
S21
S22
S23
S24
S25
S26
S27
S28
S29
S30
S31
S32

353,39
36,56
316,83
25,35
233,21
62,98
273,64
59,93
196,14
94,35
228,33
53,43
165,63
81,23
197,81
197,81
81,23
165,63
53,43
228,33
94,35
196,14
59,93
273,64
62,98
233,21
25,35
316,83
36,56
270,71
353,39

55

4. Beban Angin Kiri

Gambar 3.55 Free Body Diagram (FBD) Beban Angin Kiri

Joint A

Gambar 3.56 Joint A


V
Ra- 15,00 + S2y
48,29 15,00 +S2. Sin 40
S2
H
S2x + S1 Rah 12,59
S1

=0
=0
=0
= -51,79 Kg

=0
=0
= -(-51,79. cos 40 390,19 12,59)
= 417,28 Kg

56

Joint B

Gambar 3.57 Joint B


V
=0
-45,00 + S4y S3y S2y
=0
(S4-S3).sin 40
= 45,00 + (-51,79).sin 40
S4 S3= 18,22 Kg
H
37,76 + S4x+ S3x S2x
(S4 + S3).cos 40
S4 + S3
S4
S3

=0
=0
= (-51,79) . cos 40 37,76
= -82,86 Kg

= -41,43 Kg
= -59,65 Kg

Joint C

Gambar 3.58 Joint C


V
S5y + S3y
S5. Sin 68o
S5

=0
=0
= -S3. Sin 40o
= 41,35 Kg

H
=0
S6 + S5x S3x S1 = 0
57

S6
S6

= -S5. Cos 68o + S3. Cos 40o + S1


= 356,09 Kg

Joint D

Gambar 3.59 Joint D


V
=0
S8y 60 S7y S4y S5y = 0
S8. Sin 40o - S7. Sin 68o
= 60+ S5. Sin 68o + S4. Sin 40o
0,64.S8 0,93.S7
= 71,71Kg
H
S7x + S8x S5x S4x + 50,35
S7.Cos 68o + S8. Cos 40o
0,77.S8 + 0,37.S7

=0
=0
= S5. Cos 68o + S4. Cos 40o 50,35
= -66,59 Kg

S7 = -102,77 Kg
S8 = -36,67 Kg

Joint E

Gambar 3.60 Joint E


V
S9y + S7y
S9. Sin 77o

=0
=0
= -S7. Sin 68o
58

S9

= 97,79 Kg
H

S10 + S9x S6 S7x


S10
S10

=0
=0
= -S9. Cos 77o + S6 + S7.Cos 68o
= 295,59 Kg

Joint F

Gambar 3.61 Joint F


V
=0
S12y 60 S11y S9y S8y
=0
S12. Sin 40o S11.Sin 77o = 60 + S9. Sin 77o + S8. Sin 40o
0,64.S12 0,97.S11 = 131,71 Kg
H
S12x + S11x S8x S9x + 50,35
S12. Cos 40o + S11.Cos 77o
0,77.S12 + 0,22.S11
S11
S12

=0
=0
= S9. Cos 77o + S8. Cos 40o 50,35
= -56,44 Kg

= -153,96 Kg
= -28,47 Kg

Joint G

Gambar 3.62 Joint G


59

V
=0
S13y + S11y = 0
S13. Sin 80o = -S11. Sin 77o
S13 = -128,33 Kg
H
S14 + S13x S10 S11x
S14
S14

=0
=0
= -S13. Cos 80o + S10 + S11.Cos 77o
= 283,25 Kg

Joint H

Gambar 3.63 Joint H


V
=0
S16y S15y S13y S12y - 45
=0
S16. Sin 40o S15.Sin 80o = 45+ S13. Sin 80o + S12. Sin 40o
0,64.S16 0,98.S15 = -99,68 Kg
H
=0
S16x + S15x S13x S12x + 37,76 = 0
S16. Cos 40o + S15.Cos 80o = S13. Cos 80o + S12. Cos 40o 37,76
0,77.S16 + 0,17.S15 = -81,85 Kg
S16
S15

= -113,07 Kg
= -27,42 Kg

60

Joint I

Gambar 3.64 Joint I


V
=0
S15y + S18y = 0
S18. Sin 80o = -S15. Sin 80o
S18 = -27,42 Kg
H
-S14 - S15x + S19 + S18x
S19
S19

=0
=0
= -S18. Cos 80o + S14 + S15.Cos 80o
= 292,77 Kg

Joint J

Gambar 3.65 Joint J


H
-S16x + 12,59 + S17x
S17. Cos 40o
S17

=0
=0
= -S16. Cos 40o 12,59
= 96,64 Kg

61

Joint K

Gambar 3.66 Joint K


V
S17y S18y S20y S21y + 45
-S21. Sin 40o S20.Sin 80o
-0,64.S21 0,98.S20

=0
=0
= -45+ S18. Sin 80o + S17. Sin 40o
= -9,89 Kg

H
S20x + S21x S17x S18x + 37,76
S21. Cos 40o + S20.Cos 80o
0,77.S21 + 0,17.S20

=0
=0
= S18. Cos 80o + S17. Cos 40o 37,76
= 31,51 Kg

S20
S21

= -19,72 Kg
= 45,60 Kg

Joint L

Gambar 3.67 Joint L

62

V
=0
S20y + S22y = 0
S22. Sin 77o = -S20. Sin 80o
S22 = 19,42 Kg
H
S22x + S23 S19 S20x
S23
S23

=0
=0
= S20. Cos 80o + S19 S22.Cos 77o
= 284,98 Kg

Joint M

Gambar 3.68 Joint M


V
=0
S21y + 60 S24y S25y S22y
=0
-S25. Sin 40o S24.Sin 77o = -60 + S22. Sin 77o S21. Sin 40o
0,64.S25 + 0,97.S24 = 70,39 Kg
H
S25x + S24x S22x S21x + 50,35
S25. Cos 40o + S24.Cos 77o
0,77.S25 + 0,22.S24
S24
S25

=0
=0
= S22. Cos 77o + S21. Cos 40o 50,35
= -11,04 Kg

= 101,39 Kg
= -44,19 Kg

63

Joint N

Gambar 3.69 Joint N


V
=0
S24y + S26y = 0
S26. Sin 68o = -S24. Sin 77o
S26 = -106,55 Kg
H
S27 + S26x S23 S24x
S27
S27

=0
=0
= S24. Cos 77o + S23 S26.Cos 68o
= 347,70 Kg

Joint O

Gambar 3.70 Joint O


V
=0
S25y + 60 S29y S28y S26y
=0
-S29. Sin 40o S28. Sin 68o = -60+ S26. Sin 68o - S25. Sin 40o
0,64.S29 + 0,93.S28 =-130,39 Kg
H
S28x + S29x S26x S25x + 50,35
S28.Cos 68o + S29. Cos 40o
0,77.S29 + 0,37.S28

=0
=0
= S26. Cos 68o + S25. Cos 40o 50,35
= -124,11 Kg
64

S28 = -42,82 Kg
S29 = -141,08 Kg

Joint P

Gambar 3.71 Joint P


V
=0
S30y + S28y = 0
S30. Sin 40o = -S28. Sin 68o
S30 = -61,77 Kg
H
S31 + S30x S28x S27
S31
S31

=0
=0
= S28. Cos 68o S30. Cos 40o + S27
= 378,97 Kg

Joint Q

Gambar 3.72 Joint Q


V
=0
45,00 + S29y S32y S30y = 0
S32.sin 40
= -45,00 + S30.sin 40 S29.sin 40
S23 = 9,30 Kg
Tabel 3.21
No

Nilai Gaya Batang Akibat Beban Hujan Menggunakan Metode Joint


Gaya Batang
(Kg)
Batang
Tarik
Tekan
(+)
(-)
65

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

S1
S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
S7
S8
S9
S10
S11
S12
S13
S14
S15
S16
S17
S18
S19
S20
S21
S22
S23
S24
S25
S26
S27
S28
S29
S30
S31
S32

417,28
51,79
59,65
414,43
41,35
356,09
102,77
36,67
97,79
295,59
153,96
28,47
128,33
283,25
27,42
113,07
96,64
27,42
292,77
19,72
45,60
19,42
284,98
101,39
44,19
106,55
347,70
42,82
141,08
61,77
378,97
9,30

66