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SPRING MATERIALS

SIZES & STRENGTH VALUES


ISSUE 9a
English / US

August 13, 2015

Table of Contents
Alloy Steel
Music Wire - ASTM A228
UNS# K08500 & G10860

High Carbon Steel Wire/Bar


Oil Tempered Wire (Class I) - ASTM A229
UNS# K07001 & G10650

Chrome Vanadium Wire - ASTM A231


UNS# G92540

Chrome Silicon Wire - ASTM A401


UNS# G92540

Hot Rolled Alloy Bar


Hot Rolled Alloy Bar, 5160-H, 51B60-H, 4161-H, ASTM 689
UNS# G51601 & G51600

Stainless Steel Wire/Bar


Type 302 Stainless Steel Wire - ASTM A313 - AMS 5688
UNS# S30200

Type 316 Stainless Steel Wire - ASTM A313


UNS# S31600

Type T-316 Stainless Steel Bar - ASTM A313


UNS# S31600

17-7PH/17-4PH Stainless Steel Wire - ASTM A313 - AMS 5678


UNS# S17700

10

Type 17-4 Bar - ASTM A564


UNS# S17400

11

Alloy 20 Spring Tempered - ASTM B471


UNS# N08020

12

A286 Alloy Spring Tempered Wire AMS 5734

13

Copper Base Alloy Wire


Phosphor Bronze, Grade A, ASTM B159

14

Beryllium Copper, ASTM B197

15

Nickel Base Alloy Wire/Bar


Inconel X750 Spring Tempered Wire - AMS 5699
UNS# N07750

16

Type Inconel X750 Bar - ASTM B637 Grade 688


UNS# N07500

17

Inconel 600 Spring Tempered Wire - Q Q-W-390


UNS# N06600

18

Inconel 625 Spring Tempered - ASTM B446


UNS# N06625

19

Inconel 718 Spring Tempered Wire - ASTM B637


UNS# N07718

20

Inconel 718 Bar - ASTM B637


UNS# N07718

21

MP35N Spring Tempered Wire - AMS 5844


UNS# R30035

22

Elgiloy Spring Tempered Wire - AMS 5833


UNS# R30003

23

Monel 400 Spring Tempered - ASTM B164


UNS# N04400

24

Monel K-500 Spring Tempered - ASTM 4676


UNS# N05500

25

Hastelloy C-276 Spring Tempered - ASTM B574 (Chem. only)


UNS# N10276

26

Hastelloy B-2 Spring Tempered - ASTM B335


UNS# N10665

27

Titanium
Titanium Beta-C Spring Tempered Wire - AMS 4957
UNS# R58640

28

Titanium 6Al-4V Spring Tempered Wire - AMS 4957


UNS# R58640

29

Tool Steel
H-12 Tungsten Wire/Bar - ASTM A681
UNS# T20812

30

The following is provided as a reference guide

only, and not intended for design purposes.

Strength values and sizes are subject to

change. Please check with a Suhm Spring

representative for confirmation.

August 13, 2015

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Music Wire Cold drawn. Constant tensile


ASTM A228
strength. High-quality and
UNS K08500 & good for high cycle spring
G10860
applications.

Modulus of
Maximum
Ultimate
Working Tensile Range Elasticity,
Temp.
ksi
psi 106

250F

449/230

Approx. Design
% of Ultimate
Tensile
(torsional)

Common
Sizes,
in

45%

.012" to
.250"

(E) 30
(G) 11.5

SIZE CHART
.012
.013
.014
.015
.016
.017
.018
.020
.022
.024
.025

.026
.027
.028
.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.035
.036
.037

Wire Diameter, in
.038
.054
.072
.095
.039
.055
.075
.098
.040
.056
.076
.100
.041
.057
.078
.105
.042
.058
.080
.109
.044
.059
.082
.110
.045
.062
.085
.112
.047
.063
.090
.113
.048
.065
.091
.114
.050
.067
.093
.118
.051
.070
.094
.120
* Sizes up to .283 in diameter are available on request.

.124
.125
.130
.135
.138
.148
.156
.162
.170
.177
.187

.192
.207
.225
.243
.250*

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter,
in
.004
.005
.006
.007
.008
.009
.010
.011
.012
.013
.014
.015
.016
.018
.020

Tensile
Strength,
ksi
min
max
439
485
426
471
415
459
407
449
399
441
393
434
387
428
382
422
377
417
373
412
369
408
365
404
362
400
356
393
350
387

Diameter,
in
.022
.024
.026
.028
.030
.032
.034
.036
.038
.040
.042
.045
.048
.051
.055

Tensile
Strength,
ksi
min
max
345
382
341
377
337
373
333
368
330
365
327
361
324
358
321
355
318
352
315
349
313
346
309
342
306
339
303
335
300
331

Diameter,
in
.059
.063
.067
.072
.076
.080
.085
.090
.095
.100
.102
.107
.110
.112
.121

Tensile
Strength,
ksi
min
max
296
327
293
324
290
321
287
317
284
314
282
312
279
308
276
305
274
303
271
300
270
299
268
296
267
295
266
294
263
290

Diameter,
in
.125
.130
.135
.140
.145
.150
.156
.162
.177
.192
.207
.225
.250

Tensile
Strength,
ksi
min
max
261
288
259
286
258
285
256
283
254
281
253
279
251
277
249
275
245
270
241
267
238
264
235
260
230
255

Tensile strength values for intermediate diameters may be interpolated.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength values
and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
1

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Oil Tempered
Cold drawn. All purpose spring
Wire, Class I
material. Heat treated before
ASTM A229
fabrication. Susceptible to
UNS K07001
hydrogen embrittlement when
& G10650
plated.

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

Modulus of
Elasticity,
psi 106

250F

323/125
(class I)

(E) 30
(G) 11.5

Approx. Design
Common
% of Ultimate
Sizes,
Tensile
in
(torsional)

45%

.032" to
.625"

SIZE CHART
.032
.035
.040
.041
.047
.051
.058

.067
.072
.080
.086
.087
.091
.093

.099
.100
.105
.113
.120
.125
.128

Wire Diameter, in
.135
.180
.148
.187
.156
.192
.162
.207
.170
.225
.172
.235
.177
.243

.250
.262
.263
.281
.283
.295
.302

.306
.312
.331
.343
.362
.406
.437

.468
.500
.531
.562
.625

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Tensile Strength, ksi

Tensile Strength, ksi

Diameter, in

Class I

Class II

Diameter, in

Class I

Class II

.020
.023
.026
.029
.032
.035
.041
.048
.054
.062
.072
.080
.092
.106
.120

min max
293 323
289 319
286 316
283 313
280 310
274 304
266 296
259 289
253 283
247 277
241 271
235 265
230 260
225 255
220 250

min max
324 354
320 350
317 347
314 344
311 335
305 335
297 327
290 320
284 314
278 308
272 302
266 296
261 291
256 286
251 281

.135
.148
.162
.177
.192
.207
.225
.244
.250
.312
.375
.438
.500
.562
.625

min max
215 240
210 235
205 230
200 225
195 220
190 215
188 213
187 212
185 210
183 208
180 205
175 200
170 195
165 190
165 190

min max
241 266
236 261
231 256
226 251
221 246
216 241
214 239
213 238
211 236
209 234
206 231
201 226
196 221
191 216
191 216

Tensile strength values for intermediate diameters may be interpolated.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
2

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Chrome
Cold drawn. Good for shock
Vanadium
loads and medium elevated
ASTM A-231
temperature applications.
Valve Quality:
Susceptible to hydrogen
ASTM A-232
embrittlement when plated.
AMS 6450

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

Modulus of
Elasticity,
psi 106

425F

325/190

(E) 30
(G) 11.5

Approx. Design
Common
% of Ultimate
Sizes,
Tensile
in
(torsional)

.043" to
.500"

45%

SIZE CHART

.043
.046
.054

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.060
.062
.072

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.091
.092
.095

.059

.080

.099

Wire Dia., in.

.059
.085
.090

.095
.109
.125

.135
.142
.148

.125
.135
.162

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.207
.225
.262

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.312
.331
.343

.187

.283

.375

.207
.243
.262

.283
.306
.331

.343

Wire
Dia., in.

Wire
Dia., in.

.102
.105
.113
.120
Valve Quality
Wire Diameter, in
.162
.177
.192

Wire
Dia.,
in.
.406
.437
.468

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter,
inches
.020
.032
.041
.054
.062
.080
.105
.135

Tensile Strength, ksiA


minimum
300
290
280
270
265
255
245
235

maximum
325
315
305
295
290
275
265
255

Reduction
of Area,
minimum, %
C
C
C
C
C
C
45
45

Diameter,
inches
.162
.192
.244
.283
.312
.375
.438
.500

Tensile Strength, ksiA


minimum
225
220
210
205
203
200
195
190

maximum
245
240
230
225
223
220
215
210

Reduction
of Area,
minimum, %
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

A Tensile strength values for intermediate diameters may be interpolated.


C The reduction of area test is not applicable to wire diameters under 0.092in.
Note: Valve quality material has improved surface quality.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
3

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Cold drawn. Good for shock


Chrome
loads and medium elevated
Silicon
temperature applications.
ASTM A401
Susceptible to hydrogen
UNS G92540
embrittlement when plated.

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

Modulus of
Elasticity, psi
106

Approx. Design
% of Ultimate
Tensile
(torsional)

Common
Sizes,
in

475F

300/226

(E) 30
(G) 11.5

45%

.024" to
.625"

SIZE CHART
Wire Diameter, in
.024

.041

.056

.085

.109

.177

.306

.500

.025

.042

.057

.088

.113

.180

.312

.525

.028

.043

.058

.089

.120

.187

.331

.531

.029

.044

.062

.090

.125

.192

.343

.562

.030

.045

.065

.091

.128

.207

.362

.594

.031

.046

.067

.092

.135

.218

.375

.625

.033

.047

.072

.093

.142

.225

.394

.034

.049

.075

.095

.148

.234

.406

.036

.050

.076

.098

.156

.243

.421

.037

.051

.078

.100

.162

.250

.437

.038

.053

.080

.102

.167

.262

.453

.039

.054

.083

.105

.170

.281

.468

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter,
inA

minimum

maximum

.032
.041
.054
.062
.080
.092
.120
.135
.162

300
298
292
290
285
280
275
270
265

325
323
317
315
310
305
300
295
290

Reduction
of Area,
min, %
C
C
C
C
C
45
45
40
40

.177

260

285

40

Tensile Strength, ksi

Tensile Strength, ksi

Diameter,
inA

minimum

maximum

.192
.219
.250
.312
.375
.438
.500
.562
.625

260
255
250
245
240
235
230
228
226

283
278
275
270
265
260
255
253
251

Reduction
of Area,
min, %
40
40
40
40
40
35
35
30
30

A Tensile strength values for intermediate diameters may be interpolated.


C The reduction of area test is not applicable to wire under 0.105 in. in diameter
Preferred sizes. For a complete list, refer to ANSI B32.4.
These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength values and sizes are subject to change.
Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Maximum
Working
Temp.

5160-H
.ASTM A689,
A29
UNS G51600

Hot-rolled special bar


quality, fine grained.
Good fatigue life.

400F

.468
.500
.531
.562
.593

242/211

Modulus of Approx. Design %


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
(torsional)
psi 106

(E) 29
(G) 10.5

Bar Diameter, in
.781
.812
.843
.875
.906

.625
.656
.687
.718
.750

Material

Material Properties

Maximum
Working
Temp.

51B60-H
ASTM A689,
A29
UNS 51601

Hot-rolled special bar


quality, fine grained.
Good fatigue life.

400F

1.250
1.312
1.375

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi
242/211

.937
.968
1.000
1.032
1.062

Material

Material Properties

Maximum
Working
Temp.

4161-H
ASTM A689,
A29
UNS 41610

Hot-rolled special bar


quality, fine grained.
Good fatigue life.

400F

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi
242/211

1.125
1.187
1.250

Modulus of Approx. Design %


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
(torsional)
psi 106

Bar Diameter, in
1.625
1.687
1.750

1.437
1.500
1.562

.468" to
1.25"

45%

(E) 30
(G) 11.0

Common
Sizes,
inches
1.25" to
1.937"

45%

1.812
1.843
1.875

1.937

Modulus of Approx. Design %


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
(torsional)
psi 106
(E) 30
(G) 11.0

Common
Sizes,
inches

Common
Sizes,
inches
2.00" to
2.875"

45%

Bar Diameter, in
2.000
2.125
2.250

2.375
2.437
2.500

2.562
2.625
2.687

2.750
2.812
2.875

COMMENTS FOR ALL ALLOYS:


Material is produced in the As Rolled" condition. Springs are manufactured via the Hot Wound
procedure, quenched and tempered. Each spring is checked for Rockwell Hardness to insure
the proper temper is achieved. Temper hardness should range between HRC 41 and HRC 49.
If the hardness exceeds HRC 49, brittle properties could be produced, increasing failure possibilities.
Bar lengths in general range from 40 to 45.
HRC 41 = 187,000 psi tensile
HRC 49 = 253,000 psi tensile
Note: Virtually all Hot Rolled Alloy Bar stocked by Suhm is turned and polished.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
5

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

AISI 302/304
Cold drawn. Low cost.
Stainless
Good for general purpose
Steel Wire
corrosion and elevated
ASTM A313 temperature applications.
AMS 5688 Has some magnetism in a
UNS S30200
spring temper.

Ultimate
Modulus of Approx. Design %
Maximum
Tensile
Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Working
Range (ksi
(torsional)
Temp.
psi 106
min)

500F

(E) 28
(G) 9.8

325/130

Common
Sizes
(inches)

40%

.015" to
.500"

SIZE CHART
.015
.016
.017
.018
.019
.020
.021
.022
.023
.024
.025
.026
.027
.028
.029
.030
.031
.032

.033
.034
.035
.036
.037
.038
.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044
.045
.046
.047
.049
.050
.051

.052
.053
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.061
.062
.064
.065
.067
.068
.069
.070
.071

Wire Diameter, in
.072
.074
.075
.076
.077
.078
.080
.082
.083
.084
.085
.086
.088
.089
.090
.091
.092
.093

.094
.095
.097
.098
.099
.100
.102
.105
.109
.112
.113
.115
.118
.120
.125
.128
.129
.135

.138
.140
.142
.148
.156
.162
.170
.172
.177
.179
.180
.182
.187
.192
.207
.218
.225
.234

.244
.250
.262
.282
.297
.306
.312
.331
.343
.362
.375
.393
.406
.437
.468
.500
.562

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter, inA
Up to 0.009 incl.
Over 0.009 to 0.010 incl.
Over 0.010 to 0.011 incl.
Over 0.011 to 0.012 incl.
Over 0.012 to 0.013 incl.
Over 0.013 to 0.014 incl.
Over 0.014 to 0.015 incl.
Over 0.015 to 0.016 incl.
Over 0.016 to 0.017 incl.
Over 0.017 to 0.018 incl.
Over 0.018 to 0.020 incl.
Over 0.020 to 0.022 incl.
Over 0.022 to 0.024 incl.
Over 0.024 to 0.026 incl.
Over 0.026 to 0.028 incl.
Over 0.028 to 0.031 incl.
Over 0.031 to 0.034 incl.
Over 0.034 to 0.037 incl.
Over 0.037 to 0.041 incl.
Over 0.041 to 0.045 incl.
Over 0.045 to 0.050 incl.
Over 0.050 to 0.054 incl.

Tensile Strength, psi


minimum
325,000
320,000
318,000
316,000
314,000
312,000
310,000
308,000
306,000
304,000
300,000
296,000
292,000
291,000
289,000
285,000
282,000
280,000
275,000
272,000
267,000
265,000

maximum
355,000
350,000
348,000
346,000
344,000
342,000
340,000
338,000
336,000
334,000
330,000
326,000
322,000
320,000
318,000
315,000
310,000
308,000
304,000
300,000
295,000
293,000

Over 0.054 to 0.058 incl.


261,000
Over 0.058 to 0.063 incl.
258,000
Over 0.063 to 0.070 incl.
252,000
Over 0.070 to 0.075 incl.
250,000
Over 0.075 to 0.080 incl.
246,000
Over 0.080 to 0.087 incl.
242,000
Over 0.087 to 0.095 incl.
238,000
Over 0.095 to 0.105 incl.
232,000
Over 0.105 to 0.115 incl.
227,000
Over 0.115 to 0.125 incl.
222,000
Over 0.125 to 0.135 incl.
217,000
Over 0.135 to 0.148 incl.
210,000
Over 0.148 to 0.162 incl.
205,000
Over 0.162 to 0.177 incl.
198,000
Over 0.177 to 0.192 incl.
194,000
Over 0.192 to 0.207 incl.
188,000
Over 0.207 to 0.225 incl.
182,000
Over 0.225 to 0.250 incl.
175,000
Over 0.250 to 0.278 incl.
168,000
Over 0.278 to 0.306 incl.
161,000
Over 0.306 to 0.331 incl.
155,000
Over 0.331 to 0.362 incl.
150,000
Over 0.362 to 0.394 incl.
145,000
Over 0.394 to 0.438 incl.
140,000
Over 0.436 to 0.500 incl.
135,000
Over 0.500
130,000
A Tensile strength values for intermediate diameters may be interpolated.

289,000
285,000
281,000
278,000
275,000
271,000
268,000
262,000
257,000
253,000
248,000
241,000
235,000
228,000
225,000
220,000
214,000
205,000
198,000
192,000
186,000
180,000
175,000
170,000
165,000
160,000

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
7

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

AISI 316
Cold drawn. Better
Stainless
corrosion resistance than
Steel Wire 302/304. Good for elevated
ASTM A313
temperatures. No
UNS S31600
magnetism.

Ultimate
Modulus of Approx. Design %
Maximum
Tensile
Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Working
Range (ksi
(torsional)
Temp.
psi 106
min)

550F

(E) 28
(G) 9.8

245/110

40%

Common
Sizes
(inches)

.017" to
.500"

SIZE CHART
.017
.018
.020
.022
.023
.024
.025
.026
.027
.028

.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.034
.035
.036
.037
.038

.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044
.045
.047
.049
.050

.051
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.062
.065

Wire Diameter, in
.067
.085
.068
.086
.070
.088
.072
.090
.076
.091
.078
.094
.080
.095
.082
.098
.083
.100
.084
.101

.105
.106
.109
.112
.115
.118
.120
.125
.135
.138

.142
.148
.156
.162
.172
.177
.187
.192
.203
.207

.218
.225
.234
.250
.262
.282
.283
.292
.300
.306

.312
.331
.343
.362
.375
.406
.437
.468
.500
.562

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter, in
Up to 0.010 incl.
Over 0.010 to 0.015 incl.
Over 0.015 to 0.024 incl.
Over 0.024 to 0.041 incl.
Over 0.041 to 0.047 incl.
Over 0.047 to 0.054 incl.
Over 0.054 to 0.062 incl.
Over 0.062 to 0.072 incl.
Over 0.072 to 0.080 incl.
Over 0.080 to 0.092 incl.
Over 0.092 to 0.105 incl.
Over 0.105 to 0.120 incl.
Over 0.120 to 0.148 incl.
Over 0.148 to 0.166 incl.
Over 0.166 to 0.177 incl.
Over 0.177 to 0.207 incl.
Over 0.207 to 0.225 incl.
Over 0.225 to 0.250 incl.
Over 0.250 to 0.312 incl.
Over 0.312 to 0.375 incl.
Over 0.375 to 0.500 incl.
Over 0.500

Tensile Strength, psiA


minimum
245,000
240,000
235,000)
235,000
230,000
225,000
220,000
215,000
210,000
205,000
200,000
195,000
185,000
180,000
170,000
160,000
155,000
150,000
140,000
135,000
130,000
125,000

maximum
275,000
270,000
265,000
265,000
260,000
255,000
250,000
245,000
240,000
235,000
230,000
225,000
215,000
210,000
200,000
190,000
185,000
180,000
170,000
165,000
160,000
155,000

A When wire is specified as straightened and in cut lengths, the minimum tensile strength shall be 90% of the value listed in the table.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
8

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

T-316 Stainless
Cold drawn. Better
Steel Bar
corrosion resistance than
ASTM A276
302/304. Good for
Cond B
elevated temperatures. No
UNS S31600
magnetism.

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

550F

245/11

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes,
(torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 28
(G) 9.8

40%

.562" to
1.750"

1.625
1.750

SIZE CHART
.562
.593

.656
.687

.812
.875

Bar Diameter, in
.938
1.063
.968
1.125

.625

.750

.906

1.000

1.188

1.250
1.313

1.438
1.500

1.375

1.562

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter, in.
up to 0.750
over 0.750 to 1.000
over 1.000 to 1.250
over 1.250 to 1.500
over 1.500 to 1.750

Tensile Strength,
ksi minimum
125
115
105
100
95

Elongation in 2 in. or 4D,


minimum %
12
15
20
24
28

Reduction of Area,
minimum, %
35
35
35
45
45

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength values
and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
9

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

17-7PH
Stainless Age hardened. High tensile
Steel Wire strength. Good for general
ASTM A313 corrosion resistance. No
AMS 5678
magnetism.
UNS S17700

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range
(ksi min)

550F

365/230

Modulus of Approx. Design %


Common
Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes, in
(torsional)
psi 106

(E) 29
(G) 11.0

.017" to
.562"

45%

SIZE CHART
.017
.018
.020
.022
.023
.024
.025
.026
.027
.028

.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.034
.035
.036
.037
.038

.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044
.045
.047
.049
.050

.051
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.062
.065

Wire Diameter, in
.067
.085
.068
.086
.070
.088
.072
.090
.076
.091
.078
.094
.080
.095
.082
.098
.083
.100
.084
.101

.105
.106
.109
.112
.115
.118
.120
.125
.135
.138

.142
.148
.156
.162
.172
.177
.187
.192
.203
.207

.218
.225
.234
.250
.262
.282
.283
.292
.300
.306

.312
.331
.343
.362
.375
.406
.437
.468
.500
.562

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Tensile Strength
Diameter, in.(mm)
0.010 to 0.015 incl.
Over 0.015 to 0.020 incl.
Over 0.020 to 0.029 incl.
Over 0.029 to 0.041 incl.
Over 0.051 to 0.061 incl
Over 0.061 to 0.071 incl.
Over 0.071 to 0.086 incl.
Over 0.086 to 0.090 incl.
Over 0.090 to 0.100 incl.
Over 0.100 to 0.106 incl
Over 0.106 to 0.130 incl.
Over 0.130 to 0.138 incl.
Over 0.138 to 0.146 incl.
Over 0.146 to 0.162 incl.
Over 0.162 to 0.180 incl.
Over 0.180 to 0.207 incl.
Over 0.207 to 0.225 incl.
Over 0.225 to 0.306 incl.
Over 0.306 to 0.440 incl.
Over 0.440 to 0.625 incl.

Cold Drawn
Condition C,
psi nominal
295,000
290,000
285,000
270,000
265,000
257,000
255,000
245,000
242,000
238,000
236,000
230,000
228,000
226,000
224,000
222,000
218,000
213,000
207,000
203,000

Condition CH-900B,
psi, minimum
335,000
330,000
325,000
310,000
305,000
297,000
292,000
292,000
279,000
274,000
272,000
260,000
258,000
256,000
254,000
252,000
248,000
242,000
235,000
230,000

Condition CH-900B ,
psi, maximum
365,000
360,000
355,000
340,000
335,000
327,000
322,000
312,000
309,000
304,000
302,000
290,000
288,000
286,000
284,000
282,000
278,000
272,000
265,000
260,000

B Aged at 900 F for one hour and air cooled.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
10

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Modulus of
Maximum
Ultimate
Material Properties Working Tensile Range Elasticity,
Temp.
(ksi min)
psi 106

Age hardened. High


17-4PH Bar
tensile strength.
ASTM A564
Good for general
UNS S17400 corrosion resistance.
No magnetism.

550F

200 max

(E) 29
(G) 11.2

Approx. Design
% of Ultimate
Common Sizes,
Tensile
in
(torsional)

45%

.562" to 2.875"

SIZE CHART
Bar Diameter, inches
.562
.625
.688
.750
.812
.875
.938
1.000
1.063

1.125
1.188
1.250
1.313
1.375
1.438
1.500
1.563
1.625

1.688
1.750
1.813
1.938
2.000
2.063
2.125
2.188
2.250

2.313
2.375
2.438
2.500
2.563
2.625
2.688
2.750
2.875

COMMENTS:
Material is produced in the Cold Rolled / Annealed condition. After coiling springs should be aged to the H 900
condition. Bars with hardness value of HRC 44 will have estimated tensile of 200 KSI. As a general rule, bar
lengths are 12 feet long. Some sizes are available up to 20 feet in length.
Check with a Suhm representative to verify lengths.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
11

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Excellent mechanical
Alloy 20
properties and easily
Spring
fabricated. Moderate to
Tempered
good corrosion resistance.
Wire
Used extensively in
ASTM B473
petrochemical and refining
UNS N08020
applications.

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

200/125

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity,
of Ultimate
Sizes,
Tensile (torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 29
(G) 10.9

45%

.025" to
.362"

SIZE CHART
.025
.026
.027
.028
.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.034
.035
.036

.037
.038
.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044
.045
.046
.047
.049

.050
.051
.052
.053
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.061

Wire Diameter, in
.062
.077
.064
.078
.065
.080
.067
.082
.068
.083
.069
.084
.070
.085
.071
.086
.072
.088
.074
.089
.075
.090
.076
.091

.092
.093
.094
.095
.097
.098
.099
.100
.102
.105
.109
.112

.113
.115
.118
.120
.125
.128
.129
.135
.138
.140
.142
.148

.156
.162
.187
.207
.234
.235
.262
.362

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Tensile Strength, ksi
Diameter, in

minimum
200
195
190
185
180
170
160
150
135
125

Over 0.010 to 0.030


Over 0.030 to 0.060
Over 0.060 to 0.075
Over 0.075 to 0.100
Over 0.100 to 0.125
Over 0.125 to 0.140
Over 0.140 to 0.187
Over 0.187 to 0.250
Over 0.250 to 0.312
Over 0.312 to 0.375

maximum
230
225
220
215
210
200
190
180
165
155

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
12

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

A-286 Spring
Tempered
Cold drawn. Good
corrosion resistance. Good
Wire
AMS 5734
for use in elevated
and others
temperature applications.
UNS S66286

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range
ksi

900F

200/160

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity,
of Ultimate
Sizes,
Tensile (torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 29.1
(G) 10.4

45%

.040" to
.295"

SIZE CHART
0.040
0.093
0.125

Wire Diameter, in
0.148
0.150
0.207

0.250
0.295

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
13

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Modulus of
Maximum
Ultimate
Working Tensile Range Elasticity,
Temp.
ksi
psi 106

Material
Properties

Cold drawn. Good


Phosphor Bronze
electrical
Wire Grade A
conductivity. Good
ASTM B159 H08
corrosion
UNS C51000
resistance.

200F

145/105

(E) 15
(G) 6.25

Approx. Design
% of Ultimate
Tensile
(torsional)

Common
Sizes,
in

40%

.010" to
.468"

SIZE CHART
Wire Diameter, in
.010

.025

.045

.072

.109

.144

.204

.012

.028

.051

.015

.032

.057

.080

.114

.156

.244

.091

.120

.162

.250

.018

.036

.020

.040

.062

.095

.125

.182

.312

.064

.101

.128

.187

.406

.468

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Diameter, inches
.025 and under
over .025 to .0625
over .0625 to .125
over .125 to .250
over .250 to .375
over .375 to .500

Tensile Strength, psi, minimum


145,000
135,000
130.000
125,000
120,000
105,000

Elongation in 2 inches, %
....
....
....
....
5.0
9.0

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
14

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Beryllium
Copper Wire
ASTM B197

Cold drawn. Good


electrical conductivity.
Good corrosion
resistance.

400F

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi min
230/150

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity,
of Ultimate
Sizes,
Tensile (torsional)
in
psi 106
(E) 18.5
(G) 7.2

45%

.010" to
.468"

SIZE CHART
.010
.0113
.0126
.014
.016
.020
.025

.028
.032
.035
.040
.045
.050
.051

Wire Diameter, in
.052
.055
.057
.060
.064
.072
.080

.085
.093
.095
.099
.125
.156
.1645

.187
.468

Comment
Beryllium Copper has several temper designations. The application determines which temper to use. Call
your Suhm representative for details.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
15

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Inconel X-750 Cold drawn, age hardened.


Spring
Good corrosion resistance.
Tempered
Good for use in elevated
Wire
temperature applications.
AMS 5699 Good for use in Sour-Gas
UNS N07750
applications.

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range
ksi

700F

230/180

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile Sizes,
(torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 29
(G) 11.2

.005" to
.750"

45%

SIZE CHART
.005
.007
.008
.010
.012
.014
.015
.016
.018
.020

.022
.023
.025
.028
.030
.032
.035
.038
.040
.041

.044
.045
.047
.050
.051
.052
.054
.055
.057
.058

Wire Diameter, in
.059
.114
.062
.115
.072
.125
.080
.135
.093
.144
.099
.148
.100
.156
.101
.162
.105
.172
.109
.177

.182
.187
.192
.207
.218
.225
.234
.243
.250
.262

.281
.295
.312
.331
.343
.362
.375
.406
.437
.468

.500
.531
.562
.625
.750

SS-X750
Suhm Coil Spring Works Wire Specification for Inconel X-750
Suhm Spring Specification
SS-X750

Heat Treat
1200F Min. / 4 Hrs. Min

Notes
Must meet and be certified to AMS-5699E
Chemicals Only, Physical Properties are to
meet SS-X750.
Solution Heat Treat and Original Mill Required
NACE MR-01-75

Physical Properties for SS-X750


Sizes, in

Min. Tensile,
psi

Min. Yield,
psi

.005 - .125
.126 - .250
.251 - .437
.438 - .500
.501 - .750

220,000
220,000
210,000
200,000
180,000

200,000
200,000
190,000
175,000
160,000

Min. Elong. %

Min. R of A
%

HRC Max.

4
4
6
8
8

20
20
20
20
20

50
50
50
50
50

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
16

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range
ksi

700F

170

Cold drawn. Good corrosion


Inconel
resistance. Good for use in
X-750 Bar
elevated temperature
ASTM B637
applications. Good for use in
UNS N07500
Sour-Gas applications.

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes,
(torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 29
(G) 11.2

.750" to
2.500"

45%

SIZE CHART
Bar Diameter, in
.750
.812
.956
.968
1.000

1.125
1.150
1.187
1.312
1.325

1.375
1.500
1.625
1.750
2.125

2.250
2.500

Tensile and Hardness Requirements

Alloy
N07750
Type 2c

Heat Treatment
solution at
1800F +
precipitation
harden

Tensile
Strength,
min, psi

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
min, psi

Elongation in
2 in or 4D,
min, %

Reduction
of Area,
min, %

Brinell
Hardness

170,000

115,000

18

18

302 to 363

COMMENTS:
Material is produced in either the solution annealed or solution annealed/aged condition. This specification only
requires that minimum strength values be met. If necessary check with a Suhm representative to obtain actual
capabilities for tensile and yield. Aging time and temperatures are extensive (20 Hrs. @ 1300F) to produce the
required strengths.
Bar lengths in general will average 12 to 14; however, Suhm maintains a stocking arrangement to
have available 10 - 20 lengths on some sizes. Some sizes are available in lengths up to 35'. Check with a Suhm
representative to verify sizes and lengths.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
17

17-4 Stainless Steel Bar

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Modulus of
Maximum
Ultimate
Material Properties Working Tensile Range Elasticity,
Temp.
(ksi min)
psi 106

Age hardened. High


tensile strength.
17-4PH Bar
ASTM A564
Good for general
UNS S17400 corrosion resistance.
No magnetism.

550F

200 max

(E) 29
(G) 11.2

Approx. Design
% of Ultimate
Tensile
(torsional)

Common Sizes,
in

45%

.562" to 2.875"

SIZE CHART
Bar Diameter, inches
.562
.625
.688
.750
.812
.875
.938
1.000
1.063

1.125
1.188
1.250
1.313
1.375
1.438
1.500
1.563
1.625

1.688
1.750
1.813
1.938
2.000
2.063
2.125
2.188
2.250

2.313
2.375
2.438
2.500
2.563
2.625
2.688
2.750
2.875

COMMENTS:
Material is produced in the Cold Rolled / Annealed condition. After coiling springs should be aged to the H 900
condition. Bars with hardness value of HRC 44 will have estimated tensile of 200 KSI. As a general rule, bar
lengths are 12 feet long. Some sizes are available up to 20 feet in length.
Check with a Suhm representative to verify lengths.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
11

file:///F:/SSW - F drv/Suhm Corporate/Suhm Website 2014/Material Pag...

7/21/2015 2:32 PM

17-7 Stainless Steel Wire

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

17-7PH
Stainless Age hardened. High tensile
Steel Wire strength. Good for general
ASTM A313 corrosion resistance. No
AMS 5678
magnetism.
UNS S17700

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range
(ksi min)

550F

365/230

Modulus of Approx. Design %


Common
Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes, in
(torsional)
psi 106

(E) 29
(G) 11.0

.017" to
.562"

45%

SIZE CHART
.017
.018
.020
.022
.023
.024
.025
.026
.027
.028

.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.034
.035
.036
.037
.038

.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044
.045
.047
.049
.050

.051
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.062
.065

Wire Diameter, in
.067
.085
.068
.086
.070
.088
.072
.090
.076
.091
.078
.094
.080
.095
.082
.098
.083
.100
.084
.101

.105
.106
.109
.112
.115
.118
.120
.125
.135
.138

.142
.148
.156
.162
.172
.177
.187
.192
.203
.207

.218
.225
.234
.250
.262
.282
.283
.292
.300
.306

.312
.331
.343
.362
.375
.406
.437
.468
.500
.562

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


Tensile Strength
Diameter, in.(mm)
0.010 to 0.015 incl.
Over 0.015 to 0.020 incl.
Over 0.020 to 0.029 incl.
Over 0.029 to 0.041 incl.
Over 0.051 to 0.061 incl
Over 0.061 to 0.071 incl.
Over 0.071 to 0.086 incl.
Over 0.086 to 0.090 incl.
Over 0.090 to 0.100 incl.
Over 0.100 to 0.106 incl
Over 0.106 to 0.130 incl.
Over 0.130 to 0.138 incl.
Over 0.138 to 0.146 incl.
Over 0.146 to 0.162 incl.
Over 0.162 to 0.180 incl.
Over 0.180 to 0.207 incl.
Over 0.207 to 0.225 incl.
Over 0.225 to 0.306 incl.
Over 0.306 to 0.440 incl.
Over 0.440 to 0.625 incl.

Cold Drawn
Condition C,
psi nominal
295,000
290,000
285,000
270,000
265,000
257,000
255,000
245,000
242,000
238,000
236,000
230,000
228,000
226,000
224,000
222,000
218,000
213,000
207,000
203,000

Condition CH-900B ,
psi, minimum
335,000
330,000
325,000
310,000
305,000
297,000
292,000
292,000
279,000
274,000
272,000
260,000
258,000
256,000
254,000
252,000
248,000
242,000
235,000
230,000

Condition CH-900B ,
psi, maximum
365,000
360,000
355,000
340,000
335,000
327,000
322,000
312,000
309,000
304,000
302,000
290,000
288,000
286,000
284,000
282,000
278,000
272,000
265,000
260,000

B Aged at 900 F for one hour and air cooled.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
10

file:///F:/SSW - F drv/Suhm Corporate/Suhm Website 2014/Material Pag...

7/21/2015 2:33 PM

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Cold drawn. Good


Inconel 600
corrosion resistance. Good
QQ-W-390
for use in elevated
UNS N06600
temperature applications.

Maximum
Working
Temp.

700F

Ultimate Modulus
Approx. Design % of
of
Tensile
Ultimate Tensile
Range Elasticity,
(torsional)
6
ksi
psi 10
205/120

(E) 29
G) 11.0

Common
Sizes,
in
.005" to
.750"

45%

SIZE CHART
.005
.007
.008
.009
.010
.012

.014
.015
.017
.018
.021
.022

.025
.032
.045
.050
.054
.062

Wire Diameter, in
.072
.135
.080
.148
.093
.156
.105
.162
.114
.177
.125
.187

.192
.207
.225
.243
.250
.312

.343
.375
.406
.437
.500
.562

.625
.750

TENSILE STRENGTH CHARTA


Tensile Strength, psi

Diameter, in

minimum

maximum

Under 0.032
0.032 and over

80,000
80,000

115,000
105,000

Cold-worked, regular temper, all sizes

120,000

Cold-worked, spring temper


Up to 0.057 incl.
Over 0.057 to 0.114 incl.
Over 0.114 to 0.229 incl.
Over 0.229 to 0.329 incl.
Over 0.329 to 0.375 incl.
Over 0.375 to 0.500 incl.
Over 0.500 to 0.563 incl.

......
185,000
175,000
170,000
165,000
160,000
155,000
140,000

Annealed

165,000
......
......
......
......
......
......
......

A Tensile strengths not available for sizes larger than .563".

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
18

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Inconel 625
Cold drawn. Good
Spring
corrosion resistance.
Tempered Wire
Good for use in elevated
ASTM B446
temperature applications.
UNS N06625

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range
ksi

120

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile Sizes,
(torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 29
(G) 11.0

45%

.012" to
.175"

SIZE CHART
.012
.023
.029

.033
.054
.091

Wire Diameter, in
.092
.112
.104
.120
.105
.135

.148
.160
.177

.207
.562

COMMENTS:
There is currently not a standard/specification which covers tensile/yield strength values for spring tempered
wire. Tensile strengths should be comparable to Inconel X750; however, please check with a Suhm
representative for actual strength values.
Larger sizes can be obtained in the spring tempered condition. Check with a Suhm representative for further
information.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
19

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Inconel 718
Age hardened. Good
Spring
corrosion resistance. Good
Tempered
for use in elevated
Wire
temperature applications.
ASTM B637
No magnetism
UNS N07718

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

1200F

250/210

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity,
of Ultimate
Sizes,
Tensile (torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 29
(G) 11.2

45%

.012" to
.275"

SIZE CHART
.012
.014
.015
.016
.017
.018
.019
.020
.021
.022
.023
.024
.025
.026
.027
.028

.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.034
.035
.036
.037
.038
.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044

.045
.046
.047
.049
.050
.051
.052
.053
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.061

Wire Diameter, in
.062
.080
.063
.082
.064
.083
.065
.084
.066
.085
.067
.086
.068
.087
.069
.088
.070
.089
.071
.090
.072
.091
.074
.092
.075
.093
.076
.094
.077
.095
.078
.097

.098
.099
.100
.102
.105
.107
.109
.110
.112
.113
.115
.118
.120
.122
.125
.127

.128
.129
.135
.138
.140
.141
.142
.144
.148
.156
.157
.162
.165
.170
.172
.177

.179
.180
.182
.187
.192
.200
.202
.207
.218
.225
.234
.244
.250
.262
.275

COMMENTS:
There is currently not a standard/specification which covers tensile/yield strength values for spring tempered
wire. Tensile strength should be comparable to Inconel X750, however please check with a Suhm representative
for actual strength values.
Larger sizes can be attained in the spring tempered conditions. Also bar stock is available in the solution
annealed/aged condition. Check with a Suhm representative for further information.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
20

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

1200F

250/210

Age hardened. Good


Inconel 718
corrosion resistance. Good
Bar
for use in elevated
ASTM B637
temperature applications.
UNS N07718
No magnetism.

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity,
of Ultimate
Sizes,
Tensile (torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 29
(G) 11.2

.234" to
1.500"

45%

SIZE CHART
Bar Diameter, in
.234
.250
.281
.359

.406
.562
.573
.625

.687
.734
.750
.875

.885
1.420
1.500

COMMENTS:
There is currently not a standard/specification which covers tensile/yield strength values for spring tempered
wire. Tensile strength should be comparable to Inconel X750, however please check with a Suhm representative
for actual strength values.
Larger sizes can be attained in the spring tempered conditions. Also bar stock is available in the solution
annealed/aged condition. Check with a Suhm representative for further information.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
21

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Cold drawn, age hardened.


High strength. High
MP35N
modulus value and
Spring
corrosion resistance. Great
Tempered
choice for severe spring
Wire
applications. Good for
AMS 5844
applications involving the
UNS R30035
presence of Hydrogen
Sulfide.

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

600F

330/230

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity,
of Ultimate
Sizes,
Tensile (torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 34
(G) 11.74

45%

.177
.187
.192
.207
.218
.225
.243
.250

.283
.312
.343
.375
.406
.437
.468
.500

.005" to
.750"

SIZE CHART
.005
.007
.008
.009
.010
.012
.014
.015

.017
.018
.021
.022
.024
.025
.031
.032

.035
.041
.042
.044
.045
.048
.050
.054

Wire Diameter, in
.058
.120
.062
.125
.072
.135
.080
.142
.093
.148
.100
.156
.105
.162
.114
.172

.562
.625
.750*

* Larger sizes available.

SS-MP35N
Suhm Coil Spring Works Wire Specification for MP35N
Suhm Spring Specification
SS-MP35N

Heat Treat
1200F Min. / 4 Hrs. Min.

Notes
Must meet and be certified to AMS-5844A
Chemicals Only. Physical Properties are to meet
SS-MP35N.
Solution Heat Treat and Original Mill Required
NACE MR-01-75-94. (HRC 55.0 Max)

Physical Properties for SS-MP35N after Drawn and Aged


Sizes
.001 - .005
.006 - .100
.101 - .170
.171 - .250
.251 - .437
.438 - Over

Minimum
Tensile
Strength, ksi
300
290
280
260
240
230

Minimum
Yield,
ksi
280
280
270
240
230
220

Minimum
Elongation, %
1.0
4
4
5
6
8

Minimum
Reduction of
Area, %
Report
20
20
20
20
20

HRC
40 - 55
40 - 55
40 - 55
40 - 55
40 - 55
40 - 55

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
22

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Elgiloy Spring
Tempered
Wire
AMS 5834
UNS R30003

Cold drawn. Very high


fatigue strength and long
life.

600F

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

350/220

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile Sizes,
(torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 29.5
(G) 11.5

45%

.005" to
.750"

SIZE CHART
.005
.007
.008
.009
.010
.012
.013
.014
.015
.016
.017
.018

.021
.022
.023
.024
.025
.028
.030
.031
.032
.035
.037
.040

.041
.044
.045
.047
.048
.049
.050
.051
.054
.055
.058
.060

Wire Diameter, in
.062
.105
.065
.107
.067
.109
.072
.110
.073
.113
.080
.114
.085
.120
.089
.125
.091
.135
.093
.141
.098
.142
.100
.148

.155
.156
.162
.172
.177
.187
.192
.200
.207
.218
.225
.242

.243
.250
.263
.275
.306
.307
.312
.331
.343
.375
.406
.437

.468
.500
.531
.562
.625
.750

SS-ELGILOY
Suhm Coil Spring Works Wire Specification for Elgiloy
Suhm Spring
Specification
SS-ELGILOY

Heat Treat

Notes

980F Min. / 5 Hrs. Min.

Must meet and be certified to AMS-5834A Chemicals


Only. Physical Properties are to meet SS-Elgiloy.
Solution Heat Treat and Original Mill Required NACE
MR-01-97 (HRC 60 Max.)

Physical Properties for SS-ELGILOY after Drawn and Aged


Sizes
.001 - .005
.006 - .100
.101 - .125
.126 - .170
.171 - .250
.251 - .437
.438 - Over

Minimum
Tensile
Strength, ksi *
330
300
290
290
260
240
230

Minimum
Yield
Strength, ksi
290
290
280
280
240
230
220

Minimum
Elongation, %
1.5
1.5
4
4
4
6
8

Reduction of
Area, minimum,
%
Report
Report
20
20
20
20
20

HRC
46 - 55
46 - 55
46 - 55
46 - 55
46 - 55
46 - 55
46 - 55

* Tensile strengths are not specified for sizes greater than .562

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
23

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Monel 400
Spring
Tempered Cold drawn. Good corrosion
Wire
resistance. Good for
AMS 7233
elevated temperature
or 4544,
applications.
ASTM B164
UNS N04400

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

450F

165/120

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes,
(torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 26
(G) 9.5

40%

.014" to
.562"

SIZE CHART
.014
.024
.026
.028
.031
.032
.034
.035
.038
.040
.041
.045
.050
.051

.052
.053
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.061
.062
.064
.065
.067

.068
.069
.070
.071
.072
.074
.075
.076
.077
.078
.080
.082
.083
.084

Wire Diameter, in
.085
.102
.086
.105
.088
.109
.089
.112
.090
.113
.091
.115
.092
.118
.093
.120
.094
.121
.095
.125
.097
.128
.098
.129
.099
.135
.100
.138

.140
.142
.148
.156
.162
.168
.170
.172
.177
.179
.180
.182
.187
.192

.200
.207
.218
.225
.234
.244
.250
.262
.282
.295
.297
.306
.312
.325

.331
.343
.362
.375
.393
.406
.437
.468
.500
.562

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF COLD-WORKED WIRE IN COILA


SPRING TEMPER

Tensile Strength, psi


Diameter, in

minimum
165,000
160,000
150,000
140,000
135,000
130,000
120,000

0.028 and less


Over 0.028 to 0.057 incl.
Over 0.057 to 0.114 incl.
Over 0.114 to 0.312 incl.
Over 0.312 to 0.375 incl.
Over 0.375 to 0.500 incl.
Over 0.500 to 0.563 incl.

maximum
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....

A Properties are not applicable to wire after straightening and cutting

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength values
and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
24

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Monel K-500
Spring
Cold drawn. Very high
Tempered
corrosion resistance. Good
Wire/Bar
for use in elevated
QQ-N-286
temperature applications.
AMS 4676C
UNS N05500

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

500F

195/140

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile Sizes,
(torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 26
(G) 9.5

40%

.018" to
2.00"

SIZE CHART
.018
.027
.031
.033
.034

.038
.041
.062
.072
.080

.105
.125
.135
.148
.162

.687
.718

.750
.812

.875
.937

Wire Diameter, in
.177
.268
.184
.281
.236
.312
.250
.331
.262
.362
Bar Diameter, in
1.000
1.250
1.125
1.500

.393
.406
.437
.468
.500

.531
.562
.625

1.625
1.750

1.875
2.000

SPECIFICATIONS FOR MONEL K-500


Element
Nickel + Cobalt
Aluminum
Titanium
Iron
Manganese
Silicon
Cobalt (3.1.1)
Carbon
Zinc (3.1.1)
Phosphorus (3.1.1)
Sulfur
Tin (3.1.1)
Lead (3.1.1)
Copper

Minimum %
63.00
2.00
1.025
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Remainder

Maximum %
70.00
4.00
1.00
2.00
1.50
1.00
1.00
0.25
0.02
0.02
0.010
0.006
0.006
Remainder

TENSILE PROPERTIES
(after Precipitation Heat Treatment)
Tensile Strength, min
Yield Strength at 0.2% Offset, min.
Elongation in 2 in. or 4D, min

140,000 psi
100,000 psi
20% (3.3.1.2.1.1)

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
25

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Hastelloy
C-276 Wire
AMS B574
(Chem. only),
AMS J470
UNS N10276

Good corrosion
resistance to many
acids and salts.

see
comment

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

see
comment

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity,
of Ultimate
Sizes,
in
psi 106 Tensile (torsional)

(E) 29.8
(G) 10.9

.012" to
.437"

SIZE CHART
.012
.014
.015
.016
.017
.018
.019
.020
.021
.022
.023
.024
.025
.026
.027
.028

.029
.030
.031
.032
.033
.034
.035
.036
.037
.038
.039
.040
.041
.042
.043
.044

.045
.046
.047
.049
.050
.051
.052
.053
.054
.055
.056
.057
.058
.059
.060
.061

Wire Diameter, in
.062
.083
.064
.084
.065
.085
.067
.086
.068
.088
.069
.089
.070
.090
.071
.091
.072
.092
.074
.093
.075
.094
.076
.095
.077
.097
.078
.098
.080
.099
.082
.100

.102
.105
.109
.112
.113
.115
.118
.120
.125
.128
.129
.135
.138
.140
.142
.148

.156
.162
.170
.172
.177
.179
.180
.182
.187
.192
.200
.207
.218
.225
.234
.244

.250
.262
.282
.297
.306
.312
.331
.343
.362
.375
.393
.406
.437

COMMENTS:
Note: There is not a specification which covers tensile/yield values for spring tempered wire. Check with a
Suhm representative for actual strength values. tempered wire. Check with a Suhm representative for
actual strength values. Larger size can be attained in spring tempered condition. Check with a Suhm
representative for further information.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
26

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Hastelloy B-2
ASTM B335
AMS J470
UNS N10665

Good corrosion
resistance to many
acids and salts.

see
comment

Ultimate
Tensile
Range
ksi
see
comment

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity,
of Ultimate
Sizes,
Tensile (torsional)
in
psi 106
(E) 28
(G) 8.0

.018" to
.207"

SIZE CHART
.018
.023
.025

.030
.032
.038

Wire Diameter, in
.041
.109
.062
.120
.102
.128

.130
.148
.162

.177
.193
.207

COMMENTS:
Note: There is not a specification which covers tensile/yield values for spring tempered wire. Check with a
Suhm representative for actual strength values. Larger size can be obtained in spring tempered condition.
Check with a Suhm representative for further information.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for
confirmation.
27

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Age hardened. Good


ductility and toughness.
Good fabricability, and good
Titanium
resistance to general
Beta-C
corrosion. Good for
AMS 4957
environments containing
UNS R58640
Ferric Chloride, Sodium
Chloride, Carbon Dioxide,
and Hydrogen Sulfide.

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range
ksi

600F

190/180

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes,
(torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 15.4
(G) 5.9

45%

.005" to
.625"

* Larger sizes are available.

SIZE CHART
.005
.007
.008
.009
.010
.012

.014
.015
.017
.018
.021
.022

.025
.032
.045
.048
.050
.054

Wire Diameter, in
.062
.125
.072
.135
.080
.148
.093
.156
.105
.162
.114
.177

.187
.192
.207
.225
.243
.250

.312
.343
.375
.406
.437
.500

.562
.625

TENSILE STRENGTH CHART


VALUES INDICATE COLD DRAWN AND AGED MATERIAL
Nominal Diameter, inches
Up to 0.187, incl.
Over 0.187 to 0.375 incl.
Over 0.375 to 0.625 incl.

Tensile Strength,
psi
190,000 - 210,000
185,000 - 205,000
180,000 - 200,000

Elongation in 4D %,
minimum
10
10
8

Reduction of Area %, min.


20
20
20

COMMENTS:
Material has been cold drawn 20 - 35% final reduction. Additional cold reduction may be possible to produce
higher tensile/yield strength. Larger sizes can be obtained in spring tempered and annealed condition. Check with
a Suhm representative for size and tensile strengths.

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
28

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

Age hardened. Good


Titanium
ductility and toughness.
6Al-4V
Good fabricability, and good
AMS 4965
resistance to general
UNS 56400
corrosion.

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range
ksi min

165

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes,
(torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 15.0
(G) 5.0

40%

.020" to
.250"

SIZE CHART
.020
.022
.024
.025

.026
.028
.033
.036

.037
.038
.040
.045

Wire Diameter, in
.062
.069
.080
.090

.105
.127
.135
.142

.162
.163
.170
.177

.193
.225
.250

TENSILE PROPERTIES:
VALUES INDICATE COLD DRAWN AND AGED MATERIAL
Nominal Diameter, in
Up to 0.250, incl.

Tensile Strength,
minimum, psi
165,000

Elongation in 4D %, min.
10

Reduction of Area %,
min.
20

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
29

Suhm Spring Works - Materials Properties

Material

Material Properties

H-12
Tungsten Bar
Good for high
ASTM A681
temperature applications.
(Chem. only)
UNS T20812

Maximum
Working
Temp.

Ultimate
Tensile
Range,
ksi

700F

187

Modulus of Approx. Design % Common


Elasticity, of Ultimate Tensile
Sizes,
(torsional)
in
psi 106

(E) 30
(G) 11.0

.500" to
2.250"

45%

SIZE CHART
.500
.531
.562
.593
.625
.656
.687
.718

.750
.781
.812
.843
.875
.906
.937
.968

Bar Diameter, in
1.000
1.062
1.125
1.187
1.250
1.312
1.375
1.437

1.500
1.562
1.625
1.687
1.750
1.812
2.000
2.250

COMMENTS:
Material is produced in the As Rolled condition. Springs produced from wire size diameters are "Cold Wound"
and Tempered. Springs produced from bar size diameters are "Hot Wound", quenched, and tempered. Each Hot
Wound spring is hardness checked to insure proper hardness. Tempered hardness should range between 41Rc
and 49Rc . Bar lengths range from 15 to 19.
HRC 41 = 187,000 psi tensile
HRC 49 = 253,000 psi tensile

These data are provided as a reference guide only and are not intended for design purposes. Strength
values and sizes are subject to change. Please check with a Suhm Spring representative for confirmation.
30