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CONTENTS

Editor

Anil Ahlawat

(BE, MBA)

No. 5

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46

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65

69

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PHYSICS

MUSING

hysics Musing was started in August 2013 issue of Physics For You with the suggestion of Shri Mahabir Singh. The aim of Physics Musing is to augment

the chances of bright students preparing for JEE (Main and Advanced) / AIIMS / Other PMTs with additional study material.

In every issue of Physics For You, 10 challenging problems are proposed in various topics of JEE (Main and Advanced) / various PMTs. The detailed

solutions of these problems will be published in next issue of Physics For You.

The readers who have solved five or more problems may send their detailed solutions with their names and complete address. The names of those who

send atleast five correct solutions will be published in the next issue.

We hope that our readers will enrich their problem solving skills through Physics Musing and stand in better stead while facing the competitive exams.

direction at t = 0. At t = 0.8 s, it reaches h = 14 m. It

will again come to same height at t = (g = 10 m s2)

14

7

s (c) 3 s

(a) 2 s

(b)

(d)

s

5

2

2. In the figure shown, the blocks A and C are pulled

down with constant velocities u . Acceleration of

block B is

b

(a)

u2

tan2 sec

b

(b)

u2

tan3

b

u2 2

(d) zero

sec tan

b

3. Two particles A and B each of mass m are attached

by a light inextensible string of length 2l. The

whole system lies on a smooth horizontal table

with B initially at a distance l from A. The particle

at end B is projected across the table with speed u

perpendicular to AB. Velocity of ball A just after the

jerk is

u 3

(a)

(b) u 3

4

u

u 3

(c)

(d)

2

2

4. A particle initially at rest starts moving from point

A on the surface of a fixed smooth hemisphere of

radius r as shown in the figure. The particle looses

its contact with hemisphere at point B. C is centre of

the hemisphere. The equation relating a and b is

(c)

A

B

r

C

(c) 3 sin b = 2 cos a (d) 2 sin b = 3 cos a

5. The intensity of radiation emitted by the Sun has its

maximum value at a wavelength of 510 nm and that

emitted by the North star has the maximum value

at 350 nm. If these stars behave like black bodies,

then the ratio of the surface temperatures of the

Sun and the North star is

(a) 1.46 (b) 0.69 (c) 1.21 (d) 0.83

6. N(< 100) molecules of a gas have velocities

1, 2, 3........ N km s1 respectively. Then

(a) rms speed and average speed of molecules is

same

(b) ratio of rms speed to average speed of molecules

is (2N + 1)(N + 1) / 6N

(c) ratio of rms speed to average speed of molecules

is (2N + 1)(N + 1) / 6

(d) ratio of rms speed to average speed of molecules

(2N + 1)

6(N + 1)

7. A thermodynamic process of one mole ideal

gas is shown in the V

4T0

figure. The efficiency 2V

C

0

of cyclic process ABCA

will be

A

B

V0

T0

(a) 25%

2T0

(b) 12.5%

2P0 P

P0

(c) 50%

(d) 7.7%

Contd. on page no. 80

is 2

By Akhil Tewari, author Foundation of Physics for JEE main & advanced, Senior Professor Physics, RaO IIT aCaDEmy, mumbai.

JEE Advanced

exam on

22nd May

2016

PRACTICE

PRACTICE PAPER

PAPER 2016

2016

PaPer-1

The answer to each question is a SINGLE DIGIT

INTEGER ranging from 0 to 9, both inclusive

whose center lies at (x0, 0, 0) and whose vertices

are located at the points A(x0 + d, a, b),

B(x0 d, a, b), C(x0 d, a, b), and D(x0 + d, a, b)

respectively. Assume that a, b, d << x0. Find the

magnitude of magnetic dipole moment vector of the

rectangular wire frame in J T1. (Given: b = 10 m,

d = 4 m, a = 3 m, I = 0.01 A)

2. A very long, straight, thin wire carries 3.60 nC m1

of fixed negative charge. The wire is to be surrounded

by a uniform cylinder of positive charge, radius

1.50 cm, coaxial with the wire. The volume charge

density r of the cylinder is to be selected so that

the net electric field outside the cylinder is zero.

Calculate the required positive charge density r

(in mC m3).

3. A long coaxial cable consists of two thin-walled

conducting cylinders with inner radius 2 cm and

outer radius 8 cm. The inner cylinder carries a steady

current 0.1 A, and the outer cylinder provides the

return path for that current. The current produces a

magnetic field between the two cylinders. Find the

energy stored in the magnetic field for length 5 m of

the cable. Express answer in nJ (use ln 2 = 0.7).

4. A 0.5 kg block slides from the point A on a horizontal

track with an initial speed 3 m s1 towards a weightless

horizontal spring of length 1 m and force constant

2 N m1. The part AB of the track is frictionless and

the part BC has the coefficient of static and kinetic

friction as 0.22 and 0.20 respectively. If the distance

AB and BD are 2 m and 2.14 m respectively, find the

10

the block moves before it comes to rest completely.

[g = 10 m s2]

fundamental mode due to a tuning fork. The

measured values of length l (in cm) of the pipe

and radius r (in cm) of the pipe are l = 94 0.1,

r = 5 0.05. The velocity of the sound in air is

accurately known. The maximum percentage error

in the measurement of the frequency of that tuning

fork by this experiment is given by a2%. Find the

value of 10 a.

6. An initially uncharged capacitor C is fully charged

by a constant emf e in series with a resistor R. Rate

of energy dissipation in the resistor is equal to rate

of energy stored in capacitor at time CR ln k. Find

the value of k.

7. You are at a distance of R = 1.5 106 m from the

centre of an unknown planet. You notice that if you

throw a ball horizontally it goes completely around

the planet hitting you in the back 90,000 s later with

exactly the same speed that you originally threw it.

The length of semi major axis of the motion of ball

is 2R. The mass of the planet in scientific notation is

a 1021 kg. Find a.

8. In a certain polytropic process, the volume of

argon was increased four times. Simultaneously,

the pressure decreased eight times. Find the molar

heat capacity (in SI unit) of argon in this process,

assuming the gas to be ideal.

Each question has FOUR options (a), (b), (c) and (d).

ONE OR MORE THAN ONE of these four option(s)

is(are) correct

that after 4 h, only 6.25% of the original sample is

left undecayed. It follows that

(a) the half-life of the sample is 1 h

1

(b) the mean life of the sample is

h

ln 2

(c) the decay constant of the sample is ln(2) h1

(d) after a further 4 h, the amount of the substance

left over would by only 0.39% of the original

amount.

10. A system consists of two identical

cubes, each of mass m, linked

together by the compressed

weightless spring of stiffness k. The

cubes are also connected by a thread

which is burned through at a certain

moment.

has been burned through when the initial

2mg

compression of the spring is

.

k

(b) If the initial compression of the spring is

7 mg/k, then centre of gravity of this system will

8mg

rise to height

.

k

(c) The lower cube will bounce up after the thread

has been burned through when the initial

5mg

compression of the spring is

.

k

(d) All are correct.

11. It is desired to make a long cylindrical conductor

whose temperature coefficient of resistivity at 20C

will be close to zero. If such a conductor is made by

assembling alternate disks of iron and carbon, find

the ratio of the thickness of a carbon disk to that an

iron disk.

(For carbon, r = 3500 108 W m and

a = 0.50 103 C1 for iron, r = 9.68 108 W m

and a = 6.5 103 C1)

(a) 0.36

(d) 2.0

contains 450 kg of fuel. It can have a maximum

exhaust velocity of 2 km s1.

12

it off the launching pad is 2.45 kg s1.

(b) Minimum rate of fuel consumption to give it an

acceleration of 20 m s2 is 3.5 kg s1.

(c) The speed of the rocket is 4.2 km s1 when the

rate of consumption of fuel is 10 kg s1 after

whole of the fuel is consumed.

(d) All are correct.

13. One mole of a diatomic ideal gas ( = 1.4) is taken

through a cyclic process starting from point A.

The process A B is an adiabatic compression,

B C is isobaric expansion, C D is an adiabatic

expansion, and D A is isochoric. The volume

ratios are VA/VB = 16 and VC/VB = 2 and the

temperature at A is TA = 300 K.

(a) Temperature of the gas at B is 909 K.

(b) Temperature of the gas at D is 791 K.

(c) The efficiency of the cycle is 61.4%.

(d) The efficiency of the cycle is 38.6%.

14. A point charge q is located

at centre O of a spherical

uncharged conducting

b

a

layer provided with a

Oq

small orifice as shown

in the figure. The inside

and outside radii of the

layer are equal to a and b

respectively. What amount of work has to be

performed to slowly transfer the charge q from the

point O through the orifice and into infinity ?

q2 1 1

q2 1 1

(a)

(b)

8pe 0 a b

8pe0 b a

2

q 1 1

q2 1 1

(c)

(d)

4

pe0 b a

4 pe0 a b

15. n drops of a liquid each with surface energy E join

to form a single drop. Then

(a) some energy will be released in the process

(b) some energy will be absorbed in the process

(c) the energy released will be E(n n2/3)

(d) the energy absorbed will be nE(22/3 1)

16. A 30 cm violin string with linear mass density

0.652 g m1 is placed near a loudspeaker that is fed

by an audio oscillator variable frequency. It is found

that the string is set into oscillation only at the

frequencies 880 Hz and 1320 Hz as the frequency of

the oscillator is varied continuously over the range

500-1500 Hz. What is the tension in the string ?

(a) 120 N (b) 60 N (c) 90.8 N (d) 45.4 N

Column-I

directly

electron

proportional

to Z2

(B) Angular momentum (Q) is

directly

of orbiting electron

proportional

to n

(C) Magnetic moment of (R) is

inversely

orbiting electron

proportional

to n3

(D) The average current (S)

due to orbiting of

electron

S1

S

2 mm

S2

(d) Fmin = Wep

P

y = 10 mm

1m

(c) Fmin = Wep

is independent

of Z

S is placed slightly off the central axis as shown in the

figure. If l = 500 nm, then match the following.

Column-II

20 mm

to a force F whose vector rotates in that place with a

constant angular velocity w. Assuming the particle

to be stationary at the moment t = 0, then

(a) its velocity as a function of time is

F wt

sin

mw 2

(b) its velocity as a function of time is

2 F wt

sin

mw 2

(c) the distance covered by the particle between

8F

two successive stops is

mw2

(d) the mean velocity over two successive stops

4F

.

is

pmw

18. A massless rope is tossed over a wooden dowel of

radius r in order to lift a heavy object of weight W

off the floor, as shown in the figure. The coefficient

of sliding friction between the rope and the dowel

is m. Which of the following relation is correct

for minimum downward pull (Fmin) on the rope

necessary to lift the object ?

Each question contains two columns, Column I and

Column II

Match the entries in Column I with the entries in

Column II

One or more entries in Column I may match with one

or more entries in Column II

related to orbiting electron in hydrogen-like atom

is given. The terms Z and n given in Column II

have usual meaning in Bohr's theory. Match the

quantities in Column I with the terms they depend

on in Column II.

2m

Column-I

Column-II

interference at point P,

of order 80

OP = 10 mm

(B) Nature and order of (Q) Bright fringe

interference at point O

of order 262

(C) If a transparent paper (R) Bright fringe of

order 62

(refractive index =

1.45) of thickness t =

0.02 mm is pasted on S1,

i.e., one of the slits, the

nature and order of the

interference at P

(D) After

inserting

the (S)

transparent paper in

front of slit S1, the nature

and order of interference

at O

Bright fringe of

order 280

13

PaPer-2

Section 1 (MaxiMuM MarkS : 32)

The answer to each question is a SINGLE DIGIT

INTEGER ranging from 0 to 9, both inclusive

charge on the capacitor is q0 = 16 C. If now the

battery is removed and the nodes A and C are

shorted. The time during which charge on the

capacitor becomes 4 C is t(s) and emf of battery

3t

is e(V). Find the value of

.

e ln 2

2

+

C = 4 F

1

A

3

C

+24 V

thin layer of thickness t of refractive index 1.8.

Light of wavelength l travelling in air is incident

normally on the layer. It is partly reflected at the

upper and the lower surfaces of the layer and the

two reflected rays interfere. If l = 648 nm, obtain

the least value of t(in 108 m) for which the rays

interfere constructively.

3. A charged particle enters a uniform magnetic field

with velocity v0 = 4 m s1 perpendicular to it, the

3

R, where R is the

2

radius of the circular path of the particle in the field.

Find the magnitude of change in velocity (in m s1)

of the particle when it comes out of the field.

4. Two tuning forks A and B each

B

A

of natural frequency 85 Hz move

with velocity 10 m s1 relative to

O

stationary observer O. Fork A

moves away from the observer

while the fork B moves towards

him as shown in the figure. A wind

with a speed 10 m s1 is blowing in the direction of

motion of fork A. Find the beat frequency measured

by the observer in Hz. [Take speed of sound in air

as 340 m s1]

length of magnetic field is x =

14

at temperatures of +30 C and +40 C. From the

hot calorimeter 50 g of water, is poured into cold

calorimeter and stirred. Then from cold calorimeter

50 g of water is poured in hot and again stirred. How

many times do you have to pour the same portion

of water back and forth so that the temperature

difference between water in the calorimeters

becomes less than 3 C ? Heat loss during the transfer

and head capacity of calorimeters is neglected.

6. The tap in the garden was

closed inappropriately

resulting in the water

flowing

freely

out

of it which forms a

downward narrowing

d1 = 6 mm

beam. The beam of water

3 cm

d2 = 3 mm

has a circular crosssection, the diameter

of the circle is 6 mm at one point and 3 cm below it

is only 3 mm as shown in figure. If the rate of water

wasted is 55.65 10n L s1 then find the value of n.

(Neglect the effect of viscosity and surface tension

of the flowing water.)

7. Nuclei A and B convert into a stable nucleus

C. Nucleus A is converted into C by emitting 2

a-particles and 3 b-particles. Nucleus B is converted

into C by emitting one a-particle and 5 b-particles.

At time t = 0, nuclei of A are 4N0 and nuclei of B

are N0. Initially, number of nuclei of C are zero.

Half-life of A (into conversion of C) is 1 min and

that of B is 2 min. Find the time (in minutes) at

which rate of disintegration of A and B are equal.

8. A block of mass m is being pulled up the rough

incline, inclined at an angle 37 with horizontal by

an agent delivering constant power P. The coefficient

of friction between the block and the incline is .

Find the maximum speed (in m s1) of the block

during the course of ascent.

[Take: P = 60 W, m = 1 kg, m = 0.5]

Each question has FOUR options (a), (b), (c) and (d).

ONE OR MORE THAN ONE of these four option(s)

is(are) correct

frictionless horizontal surface

and is free to move in any

way on the surface. Its mass is

0.16 kg and length 3 m.

A

10 m s1

B

6 m s1

the same surface and towards the bar in a direction

perpendicular to the bar, one with a velocity of

10 m s1, and other with 6 m s1 as shown in the

figure. The first particle strikes the bar at point A and

the other at point B. Points A and B are at a distance

of 0.5 m from the centre of the bar. The particles

strike the bar at the same instant of time and stick

to the bar on collision. The loss of the kinetic energy

of the system in the collision process is

(a) 2 J

(b) 4 J

(c) 2.72 J

(d) 5.44 J

10. Consider the earth as a uniform sphere of mass

M and radius R. Imagine a straight smooth tunnel

made through the earth which connects any two

points on its surface. The time taken by a particle to

go from one end to other through the tunnel is

(a) 2p

R3

GM

(b) p

on two inclined rails as shown in the figure. A

current I is flowing in the wire in the direction

shown. When no magnetic field is present in the

region, the wire is just on the verge of sliding. When

a vertically upward magnetic field is switched on,

the wire starts moving up the incline. The distance

travelled by the wire as a function of time t will be

R3

GM

R3

R3

(d)

2GM

GM

11. A linear object of size 1.5 cm is placed at 10 cm

from a lens of focal length 20 cm. The optic centre

of lens and the object are displaced a distance D.

The magnification of the image formed is m. (Take

optic centre as origin). The coordinates of image of

A and B are (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) respectively. Then

(c)

y

I

C

x

1 IBl

2

2g t

2 m

1 IBl

1

2

(b)

2 g sin q t

2 m cos q

1 IBl

2

(c)

2 g sin q t

2 m

1 IBl cos 2q

2

(d)

2 g sin q t

2 m cos q

(a)

0.172 . The wavelength of Ka, Kb and Kg lines of K

series are 0.210 , 0.192 , and 0.180 , respectively.

The energies of K, L and M orbits are EK, EL and EM,

respectively. Then

(a) EK = 13.07 keV (b) EL = 7.52 keV

(c) EM = 3.21 keV (d) EK = 13.04 keV

14. Two light springs of force constants k1 and k2 and

a block of mass m are in one line AB on a smooth

horizontal table such that one ends of each spring

is fixed on rigid supports and the other end is free

as shown in the figure.

60cm

k1

A

(b) (x2, y2) = (20 cm, 2 cm)

(c) m = 3

(d) m = 2

k2

v

C

springs is 60 cm. If the block moves along AB with a

velocity 120 cm s1 in between the springs, calculate

the period of oscillation of the block.

(k1 = 1.8 N m1, k2 = 3.2 N m1, m = 200 g)

(a) 3 s

(b) 4 s

(c) 2.83 s

(d) 4.35 s

Physics For you | may 16

15

and side r. It is at rest under the action of horizontal

magnetic field B as shown in the figure and the

gravitational field.

a cross-sectional area of 1.3 m2 and the rate of heat flow

through it is 65 W. Glass has a thermal conductivity of

1 W m1 K1.

r 3

4

2mg

frame is

.

rB

(b) The frame remains at rest if the current in the

2mg

frame is

.

rB 3

(c) The frame is in simple harmonic motion

when frame is slightly displaced in its plane

perpendicular to PQ. The period of oscillation

1/ 2

is p r 3

g

(d) For same as in above option, the period of

1/ 2

oscillation is p 3r

2g

16. Two identical cylindrical vessels with their bases at

the same level each contain a liquid of density r.

The height of the liquid in one vessel is h1 and in

other vessel is h2. The area of either base is A. What

is the work done by gravity in equalizing the levels

when the two vessels are connected ?

rAg

rAg

(a)

(h1 h2)2

(b)

(h1 + h2)2

4

4

rAg

rAg

(c)

(h1 h2)2

(d)

(h1 + h2)2

2

2

(a) The unit is in steady state and in thermal

equilibrium.

(b) The unit is in steady state but not in thermal

equilibrium.

(c) The unit is not in steady state but is in thermal

equilibrium.

(d) The unit neither in steady state nor in thermal

equilibrium.

18. The thermal conductivity of air is

1

1

(a)

W m1K1

(b)

W m1K1

10

12

1

9

(c)

W m1K1

(d)

W m1K1

14

130

PARAGRAPH 2

In the given setup, the parallel plate capacitor AB

has vertical plates with separation, d = 50 mm and

capacitance C0. From the plate A a small conducting

ball hangs on a non-conducting silk thread of

length L = 100 mm. The mass of the ball is m and

capacitance is C1. It initially touches the plate A, as

shown in the figure. The plate B is grounded while plate

A is connected to a power supply of potential V0 for a

short time by closing the switch S and then opening

it again.

Based on each paragraph, there will be TWO questions

Each question has FOUR options (a), (b), (c) and (d).

ONE OR MORE THAN ONE of these four options(s)

is(are) correct

PARAGRAPH 1

The figure shows a cross-section of a double glass unit of

a window on a vertical wall. A graph of the temperatures

at different points within the unit is shown next to it.

16

found that due to the charge deposited on the plate

and the ball, the ball swings across, touches the plate

B, swings back, touches A and finally swings out again

such that it almost touches plate B. Take g = 10 m s2.

19. The ratio of the charge carried by the plates and the

ball finally is

(a) C1 : C0

(b) C12 : C02

2

2

(c) C0 : C1

(d) C0 : C1

20. Based on the description given in the passage, the

required power supply voltage (V0) is given by

C1

m

(a) V0 = 1 +

C

0 2 3C1

C

m

(b) V0 = 1 + 0

C1 2 3C1

C

(c) V0 = 1 + 0

C1

5m

C

(d) V0 = 1 + 1

C0

5m

3C1

3C1

solutions

paper-1

m = IS

Area of the loop, S = AB BC

Here, AB = 2d i + 2a j, BC = 2b k

\ | m |= I | S |= 4 Ib a2 + d 2

= 4 0.01 10 32 + 42

= 0.4 5 = 2 J T1

2. (5) : We don't really need to write an integral, we

just need the charge per unit length in the cylinder

to be equal to zero. This means that the positive

charge in cylinder must be +3.60 nC m1. This

positive charge is uniformly distributed in a circle

of radius R = 1.50 cm, so

3.60 nC m 1 3.60 nC m 1

r=

=

5 C m3.

pR2

p(0.015 m)2

3. (7) : The magnetic field inside

is only due to the current of the

mi

r

inner cylinder. B = 0

2pr

Magnetic field energy density

is not uniform in the space

between the cylinders. At a

distance r from the centre

m i2

B2

= 02 2

uB =

2m0 8p r

m i2

m i 2 l dr

dUB = uB dV = 02 2 (2prl)dr = 0

4p r

8p r

2 b

2

m i l dr m i l b

UB = 0 = 0 ln

4p a r

4p

a

Using values, we get UB = 7 nJ

4. (4) : As the track AB is frictionless, the block moves

1

this distance without loss in its initial KE = mv2

2

1

= 0.5 32 = 2.25 J.

2

In the path BD as friction is present, so work done

against friction

= kmg (BD) = 0.2 0.5 10 2.14 = 2.14 J

So, at D the KE of the block = 2.25 2.14 = 0.11 J.

Now, if the spring is compressed by x

1

0.11 = k x2 + k mgx

2

1

or 0.11 = 2 x2 + 0.2 0.5 10x

2

or x2 + x 0.11 = 0

On solving, x = 0.1 m or 1.1 m

x 1.1 m, so, x = 0.1 m

After moving the distance x = 0.1 m the block comes

to rest. Now the compressed spring exerts a force:

F = kx = 2 0.1 = 0.2 N

on the block while limiting frictional force between

block and track is fL = s mg = 0.22 0.5 10 = 1.1 N.

Since, F < fL. The block will not move back. So, the

total distance moved by the block

= AB + BD + 0.1 = 2 + 2.14 + 0.1 = 4.24 m

v

5. (4) : u =

2(l + 2e)

v

v

=

\ u=

2(l + 2 0.6r ) 2(l + 1.2r )

Du Dv D(l + 1.2r ) Dv Dl + 1.2 Dr

\

=

v

l + 1.2r

v

l + 1.2r

u

Du

Dl + 1.2 Dr

Dv

Here

100 =

100%

=0;

u

l + 1.2r

v

For maximum % error: Dl = 0.1 cm, Dr = 0.05 cm

0.1 + 1.2 0.05

Du

100%

100% =

max

94 + 1.2 5

u

= 0.16% = a2%

6. (2) : The capacitor charge as a function of time is

given by

q = Ce(1 et/RC),

Physics For you | may 16

17

resistor) is given by

e

i = e t / RC

R

The energy stored in the capacitor is given by

q2

U=

2C

So the rate that energy is being stored in the

capacitor is

dU q dq q

PC =

=

= i.

dt C dt C

The rate of energy dissipation in the resistor is

PR = i2R

So the time at which the rate of energy dissipation

in the resistor is equal to the rate of energy storage

in the capacitor can be found by solving

q

PC =PR or, i2R = i or, iRC = q,

C

t/RC

eCe

t/RC

t/RC

= Ce(1 e

),

e

= 1/2 or, t = RC ln 2.

7. (2) : For the ball, centripetal force = gravitational

force

GMm

mw2(2R) =

(2R)2

2p

8w2 R3 32p2 R3

or M =

=

w =

2

T

G

TG

2

6 3

32 (3.14) (1.5 10 )

\ M=

(90000)2 6.67 1011

= 1.97 1021 2 1021 kg

8. (4) : Let the process is polytropic. According to the

law pVn = constant

n

Vf

p

n

n

Thus, pfV f = piVi

or, = i

pf

Vi

Vf

p

Given

= a = 4 and i = b = 8

Vi

pf

ln b

So, an = b or ln b = n ln a or n =

ln a

In the polytropic process, molar heat capacity is

given by

R(n )

R

R

Cn =

=

(n 1)( 1) 1 n 1

R ln a

R

=

1 ln b ln a

8.314 8.314 ln 4

So, Cn =

= 4.16 4 J mol1K1

1.4 1 ln 8 ln 4

18

6.25 1

1

= = 4

100 16 2

The given time of 4 h thus equals 4 half-lives so the

half-life is 1 h.

ln2

Since half-life =

decay constant

1

and mean life =

decay constant

decay constant, l = ln2 h1

1

mean life, t =

h

ln 2

After further 4 h, the amount left over would be

100

1 1 , i.e., 1

or

% or 0.39% of original

4

4

256 256

2 2

amount.

must be such that after burning of the thread, the

upper cube rises to a height that produces a tension

in the spring that is atleast equal to the weight of the

lower cube. Actually, the spring will first go from

its compressed state to its natural length and then

get elongated beyond this natural length. Let l be

the maximum elongation produced under these

circumstances.

Then

kl = mg

...(i)

Now, from energy conservation,

1

1

kDl2 =mg (Dl + l) + kl2

...(ii)

2

2

(Because at maximum elongation of the spring, the

speed of upper cube becomes zero)

From equations (i) and (ii),

2mg Dl 3m2 g 2

3mg mg

Dl 2

= 0 or, Dl =

,

k

k

k

k2

3mg

Therefore, acceptable solution of Dl equals

.

k

Let v be the velocity of upper cube at the position

(say, at C) when the lower block breaks off the floor,

then from energy conservation

7mg

1 2 1

k

2

2

mg 2

or, v2 = 32

k

At the position C, the velocity of CM,

mv + 0 v

vc =

= . Let the CM of the system (spring

2m

2

+ two cubes) further rises up to Dyc2.

Cv

1

2

l

(2m)v c = (2m)g Dyc2

2

B

v 2 v 2 4mg

=

or, Dyc2 = c =

l

k

2g 8g

But, uptil position C, the C.M. of

the system has already elevated by,

(Dl + l )m + 0 4mg

Dyc1 =

=

2m

k

Hence, the net displacement of

the C.M. of the system, in upward

direction

8mg

Dyc = Dyc1 + Dyc2 =

k

11. (b) : Change in the resistance of the conductor on

increasing its temperature,

R R0 = R0aav(T T0).

The disks will be effectively in series, so we will add

the resistances to get the total. Looking only at one

pair of disk, we have

Rc + Ri = R0c (ac(T T0) + 1) + R0i (ai(T T0) + 1)

= R0c + R0i + (R0c ac + R0i ai) (T T0).

This equation will only be constant if the coefficient

for the term (T T0) vanishes.

Then R0cac + R0iai = 0,

but R = rL/A, and the disks have the same cross

sectional area, so

Lcrcac + Liriai = 0

9.68 108 6.5 103

ra

Lc

or

= i i =

3500 108 (0.50 103 )

rc a c

Li

= 0.036

12. (a, c) : To just lift off the rocket the launching pad,

weight = thrust force

dm mg

dm

or mg = vr

=

or

dt vr

dt

Substituting the values, we get

dm (450 + 50)(9.8) = 2.45 kg s1

=

2 103

dt

Net acceleration, a = 20 m s2

v dm

\ ma = Ft mg or a = r

g

m dt

dm m( g + a)

This gives

=

vr

dt

Substituting the values, we get

dm (450 + 50)(9.8 + 20)

= 7.45 kg s1

=

2 103

dt

time for the consumption of entire fuel is

450

t=

= 45 s

10

Speed of the rocket after t = 45 s

m

v = u gt + vr ln 0

m

Here, u = 0, vr = 2 103 m s1, m0 = 500 kg and

m = 50 kg

Substituting the values, we get

500

v = 0 (9.8)(45) + (2 103) ln

50

or v = 441 + 4605.17

or v = 4164.17 m s1= 4.164 km s1 4.2 km s1

13. (a, b, c) : Given: n = 1 mole

= 1.4 for diatomic gas.

VA

TA = 300 K ,

VB

= 16,

VC

VB

=2

A B : adiabatic compression

B C : isobaric expansion

C D : adiabatic expansion

D A : isochoric process.

P

To find TB

B

C

Process A B is adiabatic

1

TB VA

T = V

A B

or

TB

= (16)1.4 1

TA

2/5

= (16)

\

or

\

or

\

1/5

= (256)

= 3.03

16V0 V

2V0

TB = 909 K

To find TD

B C is an isobaric process.

V

VB

V

or TC = TB C

= C

TB

TC

VB

TC = 909 2 or TC = 1818 K

C D is an adiabatic process.

TD

TC

VC

VD

or

1.4 1

or

V0

2

TD = 1818

16

(ii)

V

TD = TC C

VD

1

= 1818

8

(i)

2/5

To find efficiency of the cycle.

Physics For you | may 16

19

% efficiency (h) =

or

h=

Q1 Q2

Q1

100%

Heat absorbed

100%

Q1 = Heat absorbed in the cycle

For adiabatic process AB and CD, DQ = 0

or QAB = QCD = 0

5R

Now QDA = nCV dT or QDA = (1) (TA TD)

2

5 8.31

Q2 =

(300 791.4) = 10208.8 J

2

Negative sign shows that heat is lost by the system

Again QBC = nCp DT

7R

Q1 = (1) (TC TB)

2

7 8.31

(1818 909)

Q1 = 1

2

7 8.31 909

Q1 =

= 26438.3 J

2

Q2

\ h = 1

100%

Q1

10208.8

or h = 1

100% or h = 61.4%

26438.3

Hence TB = 909 K, TD = 791.4 K 791 K

h = 61.4%

14. (a) : Initially, there will be induced charges of

magnitude q and +q on the inner and outer surface

of the spherical layer respectively. Hence, the total

electrical energy of the system is the sum of self

energies of spherical shells, having radii a and b, and

their mutual energies including the point charge q.

qq

qq

qq

1 q2

1 (q)2

+

+

+

+

Ui =

2 4 pe0b 2 4 pe0 a 4 pe0 a 4 pe0b 4 pe0b

q2 1 1

or, Ui =

8pe0 b a

Finally, charge q is at infinity hence, Uf = 0

Now, work done by the agent = increment in the

q2 1 1

energy = Uf Ui =

8pe0 a b

15. (a, c) : Surface tension = Surface energy per unit area

r = Radius of each small drop

R = Radius of big drop

1

4

4

n pr3 = pR3 or R = n 3 r

3

3

20

Final surface energy = Ef = 4pR2 T = 4pr2n2/3T

Ef = n2/3E

Energy released = Ei Ef = E(n n2/3)

16. (d) : A 30 cm string fixed at both ends will resonate

if the frequency is given by u = nv/2L, where n

is an integer, L the length of the string, and v the

wave-speed on the string. The string is observed to

resonate at 880 Hz and then again at 1320 Hz, so the

two corresponding values of n must differ by 1. We

can then write two equations

nv

(n +1)v

(880 Hz) =

and (1320 Hz) =

2L

2L

(880 Hz) v

(1320 Hz) v

or,

.

= and

=

n

2L

n +1

2L

Combining these two equations, we get

(880 Hz )

(1320 Hz)

,

n

n +1

(n + 1) (880 Hz) = n(1320 Hz),

(880 Hz)

n=

= 2.

(1320 Hz) (880 Hz)

=

or opened at both ends), the frequency difference

between two adjacent harmonics is the same as the

fundamental frequency, i.e., u1 = un + 1 un

(880)

\ v = 2(0.3)

= 264 m s1

2

The tension, in the string

T = mv2 = 0.652 103 (264)2 = 45.4 N

17. (b, c, d) : Let us fix the x-y co-ordinate system to

the given plane, taking x-axis in the direction along

which the force vector was oriented at the moment

t = 0, then the fundamental equation of dynamics

expressed via the projection on x and y-axis gives at

latter time t,

dv

F cos wt = m x

...(i)

dt

dv y

and F sin wt = m

...(ii)

dt

vx

t

F

From (i), dv x = cos wt dt

...(iii)

m0

0

F

or vx =

sin wt

mw

and similarly from (ii),

F

vy =

(1 cos wt)

...(iv)

mw

2 F wt

Hence, v = v x2 + v 2y =

sin

mw 2

It is seen from this that the velocity v turns into zero

after the time interval Dt, which can be found from

the relation,

y

F

= t

x

Dt

w

= p. Consequently, the sought distance, is

2

Dt

2 p/w

2F

8F

wt

s = v dt =

sin dt =

mw 0

mw2

2

0

Average velocity,

<v> =

v dt = w

dt 2p

2p /w

2F

4F

wt

sin dt =

mw

pmw

2

18. (b) : The rope wraps around the dowel and there is

a contribution to the frictional force Df from each

small segment of the rope where it touches the

dowel. There is also a normal force DN at each point

where the contact occurs.

In the figure we can form a triangle with long side T

and short side DN. In another we see a triangle with

long side r and short side rDq. These triangles are

similar, so rDq/r = DN/T.

T

T

r

and taking the limit as Dq 0, dT = df

1 dT

m T = dq

Integrating both sides of this expression,

T2

1 dT

1

T m T = 0 dq ; m [ln T ]TT12 = p

1

T2 = T1ep.

In this case T1 is the weight and T2 is the downward

force.

\ F = Wep

mZ 2 e 4

Z2

A. u = 2 3 3 u 3

4e0 h n

n

nh

B. L =

Ln

2p

e

C. Magnetic moment: M = IA =

vpr2

2pr

e

e

e

= vr =

(mvr ) =

L

2

2m

2m

e nh

M=

Mn

2m 2p

ev

e pmZe 2 Ze 2

Z2

D. i =

i 3

= 2 2

2pr 2p n h e0 2e0nh

n

20. A (S), B (P), C (Q), D (R)

The optical path difference between the two waves

arriving at P is

d = (SS2 + S2P) (SS1 + S1P)

= (SS2 SS1) + (S2P S1P)

dy0 dy

+

= d sinq0 + d sinq =

.

D1 D2

d = 20 mm, y0 = 2 mm, D2 = 2 m, D1 = 1 m, y = 10 mm

20 2 20 10

+

\ d=

= 0.14 mm

1000

2000

For a bright fringe, d = nl

d

0.14

n= =

= 280

l 0.5 103

dy

At the origin O, d' = 0 = 0.04 mm

D1

d

0.04

n' = =

= 80

l 0.5 103

Due to transparent paper, the change in optical

path is

( 1)t = (1.45 1) (0.02) mm = 0.009 mm

d" = 0.14 mm 0.009 mm = 0.131 mm

0.131

n=

= 262

0.5 103

Due to transparent paper, the path difference at O,

d''' = d' ( 1)t = (0.04 0.009) mm = 0.031 mm

0.031

n=

= 62

0.5 103

21

oscillations of a simple pendulum four times. The

data set is 90 s, 91 s, 95 s and 92 s. If the minimum

division in the measuring clock is 1 s, then the

reported mean time should be :

(a) 92 2 s

(b) 92 5.0 s

(c) 92 1.8 s

(d) 92 3 s

parts, PQ and QR, of the track, are equal to each

other, and no energy is lost when particle changes

direction from PQ to QR.

The values of the coefficient of friction m and the

distance x (= QR), are, respectively close to :

2. A particle of mass m is

moving along the side of

a square of side a, with

a uniform speed v in the

x-y plane as shown in

the figure.

Which of the following statements is false for the

mv ^

(a) L =

R k when the particle is moving from

2

A to B.

R

^

a k when the particle is moving

(b) L = mv

2

from C to D.

R

^

(c) L = mv

+ a k when the particle is moving

2

from B to C.

mv ^

(d) L =

R k when the particle is moving from

2

D to A.

3. A point particle of mass m, moves along the

uniformly rough track PQR as shown in the figure.

The coefficient of friction, between the particle and

the rough track equals m. The particle is released,

from rest, from the point P and it comes to rest at

22

(c) 0.29 and 3.5 m

(d) 0.29 and 6.5 m

a mass of 10 kg upto a height of 1 m 1000 times.

Assume that the potential energy lost each time he

lowers the mass is dissipated. How much fat will he

use up considering the work done only when the

weight is lifted up? Fat supplies 3.8 107 J of energy

per kg which is converted to mechanical energy

with a 20% efficiency rate. Take g = 9.8 m s 2.

(a) 2.45 103 kg

(b) 6.45 103 kg

3

(c) 9.89 10 kg

(d) 12.89 103 kg

5. A roller is made by joining together two cones at

their vertices O. It is kept on two rails AB and CD

which are placed asymmetrically (see figure), with

its axis perpendicular to CD and its centre O at the

centre of line joining AB and CD (see figure). It is

given a light push so that it starts rolling with its

centre O moving parallel to CD in the direction

shown. As it moves, the roller will tend to :

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

turn left

turn right

go straight

turn left and right alternately

h from the earths surface (radius of earth R;

h << R). The minimum increase in its orbital velocity

required, so that the satellite could escape from the

earths gravitational field, is close to : (Neglect the

effect of atmosphere.)

(a)

2gR

(b)

gR

(c)

gR/2

(d)

gR ( 2 1)

is 40 C and gains 4 s a day if the temperature is

20 C. The temperature at which the clock will

show correct time, and the co-efficient of linear

expansion (a) of the metal of the pendulum shaft

are respectively.

(a) 25C; a = 1.85 105/C

(b) 60C; a = 1.85 104/C

(c) 30C; a = 1.85 103/C

(d) 55C; a = 1.85 102/C

8. An ideal gas undergoes a quasi static, reversible

process in which its molar heat capacity C remains

constant. If during this process the relation of

pressure P and volume V is given by PVn = constant,

then n is given by (Here CP and CV are molar specific

heat at constant pressure and constant volume,

respectively) :

(a) n =

(c) n =

CP

CV

CP C

C CV

(b) n =

(d) n =

C CP

C CV

C CV

C CP

as shown in the figure. The maximum temperature

of the gas during the process will be :

(a) 9P0V0

4nR

3P0V0

(b)

2nR

9P0V0

(c)

2nR

(d) 9P0V0

nR

10. A particle performs simple harmonic motion with

amplitude A. Its speed is trebled at the instant that it

2A

from equilibrium position. The

is at a distance

3

new amplitude of the motion is :

A

(a)

(b) 3A

41

3

7A

(c) A 3

(d)

3

11. A uniform string of length 20 m is suspended from

a rigid support. A short wave pulse is introduced at

its lowest end. It starts moving up the string. The

time taken to reach the support is :

(take g = 10 m s2)

(a) 2 p 2 s

(b) 2 s

(c) 2 2 s

(d)

2s

a and b, respectively (see figure), has volume

A

charge density = , where A is a constant and r

r

is the distance from the centre. At the centre of the

spheres is a point charge Q. The value of A such that

the electric field in the region between the spheres

will be constant, is :

Q

(a)

2 pa2

(b)

(c)

Q

2

2 p(b a2 )

2Q

2

p( a b2 )

(d)

2Q

pa2

the figure. The magnitude of the electric field due to

a point charge Q (having a charge equal to the sum

of the charges on the 4 mF and 9 mF capacitors), at a

point distant 30 m from it, would equal :

Physics For you | may 16

23

to work is close to :

(a) 80 H

(b) 0.08 H

(c) 0.044 H

(d) 0.065 H

(c) 420 N/C

(d) 480 N/C

Cu and undoped Si in the temperature range

300-400 K, is best described by :

(a) Linear increase for Cu, linear increase for Si.

(b) Linear increase for Cu, exponential increase for Si.

(c) Linear increase for Cu, exponential decrease

for Si.

(d) Linear decrease for Cu, linear decrease for Si.

15. Two identical wires A and B, each of length l , carry

the same current I. Wire A is bent into a circle of

radius R and wire B is bent to form a square of side

a. If BA and BB are the values of magnetic field at

the centres of the circle and square respectively,

B

then the ratio A is :

BB

p2

p2

(a)

(b)

8

16 2

2

(c) p

16

(d)

p2

8 2

16. Hysteresis loops for two magnetic materials A and

B are given below :

per quantum in the order of increasing energy :

A : Blue light

B : Yellow light

C : X-ray

D : Radiowave

(a) D, B, A, C

(b) A, B, D, C

(c) C, A, B, D

(d) B, A, D, C

19. An observer looks at a distant tree of height 10 m

with a telescope of magnifying power of 20. To the

observer the tree appears :

(a) 10 times taller

(b) 10 times nearer

(c) 20 times taller

(d) 20 times nearer

20. The box of a pin hole camera, of length L, has a

hole of radius a. It is assumed that when the hole is

illuminated by a parallel beam of light of wavelength

l the spread of the spot (obtained on the opposite

wall of the camera) is the sum of its geometrical

spread and the spread due to diffraction. The spot

would then have its minimum size (say bmin) when :

2 l2

l2

(a) a =

and bmin =

L

L

2 l2

(b) a = lL and bmin =

L

(c) a = lL and bmin = 4 lL

l2

and bmin = 4 lL

L

21. Radiation of wavelength l, is incident on a

photocell. The fastest emitted electron has speed v.

3l

If the wavelength is changed to

, the speed of

4

the fastest emitted electron will be :

(d) a =

1/2

generators, transformer core and electromagnet

core. Then it is proper to use :

(a) A for electric generators and transformers.

(b) A for electromagnets and B for electric generators.

(c) A for transformers and B for electric generators.

(d) B for electromagnets and transformers.

17. An arc lamp requires a direct current of 10 A at

80 V to function. If it is connected to a 220 V (rms),

24

4

(a) > v

3

1/2

1/2

4

(b) < v

3

1/2

3

4

(c) = v

(d) = v

4

3

22. Half-lives of two radioactive elements A and B are

20 minutes and 40 minutes, respectively. Initially,

the samples have equal number of nuclei. After

80 minutes, the ratio of decayed numbers of A and

B nuclei will be :

(a) 1 : 16 (b) 4 : 1 (c) 1 : 4 (d) 5 : 4

then, as per the following time graph, the gate is :

(a) NOT

(b) AND

(c) OR

(d) NAND

24. Choose the correct statement :

(a) In amplitude modulation the amplitude of the

high frequency carrier wave is made to vary

in proportion to the amplitude of the audio

signal.

(b) In amplitude modulation the frequency of the

high frequency carrier wave is made to vary

in proportion to the amplitude of the audio

signal.

(c) In frequency modulation the amplitude of the

high frequency carrier wave is made to vary

in proportion to the amplitude of the audio

signal.

(d) In frequency modulation the amplitude of the

high frequency carrier wave is made to vary

in proportion to the frequency of the audio

signal.

25. A screw gauge with a pitch of 0.5 mm and a circular

scale with 50 divisions is used to measure the

thickness of a thin sheet of Aluminium. Before

starting the measurement, it is found that when the

two jaws of the screw gauge are brought in contact,

the 45th division coincides with the main scale line

and that the zero of the main scale is barely visible.

What is the thickness of the sheet if the main scale

reading is 0.5 mm and the 25th division coincides

with the main scale line?

(a) 0.75 mm

(b) 0.80 mm

(c) 0.70 mm

(d) 0.50 mm

26. A pipe open at both ends has a fundamental

frequency f in air. The pipe is dipped vertically in

water so that half of it is in water. The fundamental

frequency of the air column is now :

3f

f

(a)

(b)

(c) 2f

(d) f

4

2

gives a full scale deflection, when a current of 1 mA

is passed through it. The value of the resistance,

which can convert this galvanometer into ammeter

giving a full scale deflection for a current of 10 A, is :

(a) 0.01 W

(b) 2 W

(c) 0.1 W

(d) 3 W

28. In an experiment for determination of refractive

index of glass of a prism by i d, plot, it was found

that a ray incident at angle 35, suffers a deviation

of 40 and that it emerges at angle 79. In that case

which of the following is closest to the maximum

possible value of the refractive index?

(a) 1.5

(b) 1.6

(c) 1.7

(d) 1.8

29. Identify the semiconductor devices whose

characteristics are given below, in the order (i), (ii),

(iii), (iv) :

dependent resistance

(b) Zener diode, Simple diode, Light dependent

resistance, Solar cell

(c) Solar cell, Light dependent resistance, Zener

diode, Simple diode

(d) Zener diode, Solar cell, Simple diode, Light

dependent resistance.

30. For a common emitter configuration, if a and b have

their usual meanings, the incorrect relationship

between a and b is :

(a)

1 1

= +1

a b

(c) a =

b

1+b

(b) a =

(d) a =

b

1b

b2

1 + b2

25

SolutionS

1. (a) : Here, t1 = 90 s, t2 = 91 s, t3 = 95 s, t4 = 92 s

L.C. = 1 s

ti

N

90 + 91 + 95 + 92

t =

= 92 s

4

t ti 2 + 1 + 3 + 0

Mean deviation = i

=

= 1. 5 s

N

4

Since the least count of the instrument is 1 s, so

reported mean time = (92 2) s.

2. (b, d) : Here v = speed of the particle

a = side of square

R

AE = R sin 45 =

2

R

OE = R cos 45 =

2

We know,

L = r p = rp sin qn

L = (r sin q) p = r p

When the particle is moving along AB,

mv

L = ( AE )( p)(k ) =

Rk

2

When the particle is moving along BC,

R

L = (OF )( p)(k ) = mv

+ a k

2

When the particle is moving along CD,

R

L = (DE )( p)(k ) = mv

+ a k

2

When the particle is moving along DA,

mv

L = (OE )( p)(k ) =

Rk

2

Hence, options (b) and (d) are incorrect.

h

= 2h = 4 m

sin 30

QR = x = ?, m = ?

3. (c): Here, PQ =

Energy lost by the particle over the part PQ =

Energy lost by the particle over the part QR

or, f PQ = f QR

or, m mg cos 30 4 = m mg x

3

or, x = 4 cos 30 = 4

= 2 3 m 3.5 m

2

Using work energy theorem for the motion of the

particle, mgh (f PQ) f (QR) = 0 0

or mgh 2 f (QR) = 0 or, mgh 2mmg x = 0

h

2

\ m=

=

= 0.288 0.29

2x 2 2 3

4. (d) : Here, m = 10 kg, h = 1 m, g = 9.8 m s2

n = 1000

Energy of fat = 3.8 107 J kg1

1

Efficiency, h = 20% =

5

Net work done by the man in lifting the mass

= n (Gain in potential energy of the mass)

= n(mgh) = 1000 10 9.8 1 = 98000 J

Net work done by the man

h=

Energy in the fat

98000 5

1

98000

or, m =

=

7

5 m 3.8 10

3.8 107

\ m = 12.89 103 kg

5. (a)

GM

6. (d) : Orbital velocity of the satellite, v0 =

R+h

GM

v0

(... h << R)

R

Let ve be the minimum velocity required by the

satellite to escape from its orbit.

1 2 GmM

\

mv =

2 e R+h

2GM

2GM

ve =

(... h << R)

R+h

R

so, required increment in the orbital velocity

= ve v0 =

GM

2GM

R

R

GM

( 2 1) = gR ( 2 1)

R

7. (a) : Time period of the pendulum clock at

temperature q is given by

=

between the track and the particle.

26

l (1 + aq)

l

l

Tq = 2 p q = 2 p 0

= 2 p 0 (1 + aq) 2

g

g

g

1

...(i)

Tq T0 1 + aq

2

Assume pendulum clock gives correct time at

temperature q0

1

\ Tq = T0 1 + aq0

...(ii)

0

2

1

...(iii)

T40 = T0 1 + a 40

2

1

...(iv)

T20 = T0 1 + a 20

2

T40 Tq

1

0

= a(40 q0 )

T0

2

or 12 s = a(40 q0) (12 h)

...(v)

From equations (ii) and (iv), we get

Tq T20 1

0

= a(q0 20)

T0

2

or, 4 s = a(q0 20)(12 h)

...(vi)

From equations (v) and (vi), we get

3(q0 20) = (40 q0)

3q0 + q0 = 40 + 60

100

q0 =

= 25C

4

From equation (vi), 4 s = a(25 20)(12 3600 s)

4

a=

= 1.85 105 C 1

5 12 3600

8. (b) : Here, PVn = constant or, PnVn1 dV + Vn dP = 0

or, nPdV = V dP

Also, from ideal gas equation PV = nRT

PdV + VdP = nR dT or, PdV nPdV = nRdT

nRdT

or, PdV =

...(i)

(1 n)

Also, dQ = dU + dW nC dT = nCVdT + PdV

nRdT

nCdT = nCV dT +

(1 n)

R

R

or, C = CV +

or, (1 n) =

(1 n)

C CV

C (CV + R) C CP

R

or, n = 1

=

=

C CV

C CV

C CV

9. (a) : Equation of line AB is given by

y y

y y1 = 2 1 (x x1 )

x2 x1

2P P

P P0 = 0 0 (V 2V0 )

V0 2V0

P

P

or, P = 0 V + 3P0 or, PV = 0 V 2 + 3P0V

V0

V0

P0 2

or, nRT = V + 3P0V

V0

1 P0 2

or, T =

V + 3P0V

...(i)

nR V

dV

P

3

or, 0 (2V ) + 3P0 = 0

\ V = V0

V0

2

So, from equation (i)

9 P0V0

1 P0 9 2 9

Tmax =

V0 + P0V0 =

.

nR V0 4

2

4 nR

10. (d) : Speed of a particle performing SHM is given

by v = w A2 x 2

2A

At x =

, initial speed of the particle,

3

2

wA 5

5

2A

v = w A2 = w A2 =

3

9

3

2A

from

3

equilibrium position, then new amplitude of the

SHM is A (say).

Now, its speed is trebled at the instant x =

2A

Hence, v = 3v = w A

3

2

4

or, wA 5 = w A 2 A2

9

7

2 49 2

2

2 4 2

or, 5 A = A A or, A = A \ A = A.

9

3

9

11. (c): Speed of the wave pulse (wave) in the string,

v=

T

m

m

m

y g and m =

l

l

m

yg

= gy

\ v= l

m/l

20

t

dy

dy

Also, v =

= gy or,

= gdt

dt

y

Here, T =

1/2

20

y

t

or,

= g [t ]0

1 / 2 0

2( 20 0) = 10 t

\ t =2 2 s

27

1

E d s = e0 (Q + q)

1

E 4 pr 2 = (Q + q) ...(i)

e0

q = charge enclosed between

x = a and x = r.

r

A

4 px 2dx = 4 pA xdx

x

a

a

r

x2

= 4 pA = 2 pA(r 2 a2 )

2 a

Putting the value of q in equation (i), we get

1

E 4 pr 2 = Q + 2 pA(r 2 a2 )

e0

1

Q

2 pAa2

E=

2 + 2 pA

4 pe0 r

r2

E will be constant if it is independent of r

Q

Q 2 pAa2

\

or A =

=

2 pa2

r2

r2

13. (c): 3 mF and 9 mF are in parallel combination so

their equivalent capacitance = (3 + 9) = 12 mF

q=

4 12

capacitance =

= 3 mF

16

Charge on 3 mF = (3 mF) (8 V) = 24 mC

\ charge on 4 mF and 12 mF are same (24 mC) as

they are in series.

9

Charge on 9 mF =

24 mC = 18 mC

9 + 3

Required charge Q = Charge on 4 mF + Charge on 9 mF

Q = (24 + 18) mC = 42 mC

28

E = 9 109

42 106

2

(30)

1

Q

4 pe0 r 2

= 420 N C 1

in temperature because relaxation time decreases.

Resistivity of semiconductor decreases exponentially

( E /k T )

with increase in temperature, as T = o e g B

15. (d) : Wire A is bent into a circle of radius R,

l

l = 2 pR R =

2p

m0 I

m0 I

m pI

BA =

=

= 0

l

2R

l

2

2p

Wire B is bent into a square of side a,

l

l = 4a a =

4

m0 I

BB = 4

4 p(a / 2)

2m I 2 16m0 I

= 0

=

pa

2

2 pl

m

p

BA

p2

0 I /l

\

=

=

BB 16m0 I / 2 pl 8 2

the magnetic field changes with time. Hence the

energy losses must be less in both devices. Hysteresis

loop represented in B has less area which means it

dissipates less energy.

17. (d) : For a dc source

I = 10 A, V = 80 V

Resistance of the arc lamp,

V 80

R= = =8 W

I 10

For an ac source,

erms = 220 V

u = 50 Hz

w = 2p 50 = 100 p rad s1

Arc lamp will glow if I = 10 A,

2

e

erms

\ I=

or, R2 + w2 L2 = rms

I

R2 + w2 L2

2

2

2

220

2 22 8

L

=

or, 82 + (100 p)2 L2 =

or,

10

(100 p)2

30 14

\ L=

= 0.065 H.

100 p

(D)

(B)

(A)

(C)

19. (d) : Telescope resolves and brings the objects

closer which is far away from the telescope. Hence

for telescope with magnifying power 20, the tree

appears 20 times nearer.

20. (c):

wavelength l maximum speed of photoelectron is v.

1 2 hc

\

mv =

...(i)

l

2

Assume speed of fastest photoelectron is v when

3l

incident photon has wavelength

.

4

hc

1

4

\

mv 2 =

2

3l

1

4 1

or, mv 2 = mv 2 +

2

3 2

or,

Size of spot, b

= Geometrical spread + diffraction spread

l

\ b=a+L

a

db

Now, value of b would be minimum if

=0

da

l

1 + L = 0 a2 = lL a = lL

a2

bmin = lL +

lL

= 2 lL = 4 lL

lL

21. (a) : According to Einsteins photoelectric effect

maximum kinetic energy of a photoelectron,

1

hc

KE = mv 2 =

2

l

\

4 2 2

1

2

v +

mv 2 = mv 2 + or, v =

3

3m

2

3

3

v >

4

v

3

Half life of B, T1/2(B) = 40 min

Initially, number of nuclei in each sample = N

Now, 80 min = 4T1/2(A) = 2T1/2(B)

Number of active nuclei after four half lives of A,

N N

NA =

=

24 16

15

\ Number of decayed nuclei = N NA =

N

16

Number of active nuclei after two half lives of B,

N N

NB =

=

22 4

3

\ Number of decayed nuclei = N NB = N

4

Dhirubhai Ambani

Institute of Information and Communication Technology

Near Indroda Circle, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India 382 007

The Dhirubhai ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (Da-IICT) is a university established under an act of Gujarat State Legislature and

recognized by the University Grants Commission and association of Indian Universities. It is a university devoted to the field of Information and Communication

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For details on eligibility, areas of research, fields of specialization, fellowships and scholarships visit: www.daiict.ac.in

Physics For you | may 16

29

15

N

5

\ Required ratio = 16 =

3

4

N

4

23. (c): Output (x) is high when atleast one of the inputs

is high. Hence, x is the output of OR gate.

24. (a) : Carrier wave : yc = Ac sin wct

Message signal : ym = Am sin wmt

Amplitude modulated carrier wave :

y = (Ac + Am sin wmt) sin wct

25. (b) : Screw gauge has negative zero error.

Least count of screw gauge

LC =

Pitch

Number of divisions on circular scale

LC =

0.5 mm

= 0.01 mm

50

Thickness of sheet = Main scale reading + (circular

scale reading LC) zero error

= 0.5 + (25 0.01) (0.05)

= 0.50 + 0.30 = 0.80 mm

26. (d) : Fundamental frequency

produced in an open pipe

v v

f = =

l 2l

Now, half portion of pipe is dipped vertically in

water as shown in the figure, then it behaves as a

closed pipe of length l/2. So fundamental frequency

produced by it,

v

v

v

f= =

= =f

l 4l 2l

(i ig)S = igG

\

S=

ig G

i ig

1 103 100

3

(10 10 )

102 W = 0.01 W

We know, d = i + e A A = i + e d

\ A = 35 + 79 40 = 74

A + dm

sin

2

Refractive index of prism, m =

A

sin

2

d

sin 37 + m

2 = 5 sin 37 + dm

m=

sin 37

3

2

Maximum value of m can be

5

, so required value of

3

5

.

3

Also, dm will be less than 40, so

m should be less than

5

40 5

m < sin 37 +

= sin 57

3

2 3

5

5

m < sin 57 < sin 60 = 1.44

3

3

\ m < 1.44

So the nearest possible value of m for the given

arrangement should be 1.5.

29. (a)

Ic

Ic

30. (b, d) : We know a = , b =

Ie

Ib

a=

bIb

b

b

=

=

Ib + I c 1 + I c / Ib 1 + b

1 1

= + 1.

a b

Hence options (b) and (d) are incorrect.

or,

nn

OPINION POll

30

weightage to Class XII board marks in JEE (Main)?

A

Yes

67%

No

29%

Cant say

4%

PRACTICE PAPER

CLASS XII

aip

m

K-C t

: 1 st

ET

M

CO

: 4 th ay

ME

DK

& 5 th

J&

:

KC

May

8 th M

E

wb

jee T : 14 th ay

aiim

: 1 t & 15 th

S

7 hM

May

JIP

:

ME

29 th ay

R

M

ay

: 5 th

June

*K P Singh

of an equilateral triangle. At the circumcentre of the

triangle,

(a) the field is zero but potential is non-zero

(b) potential is zero and the field is infinity

(c) both the field and potential are zero

(d) the field is non-zero but potential is zero.

2. Three charges Q0, q and q are

placed at the vertices of an

isosceles right angle triangle

as shown in the figure. The net

electrostatic potential energy is

zero if Q0 is equal to

q

2q

(a)

(b)

(c) 2q (d) q

4

32

3. A cylindrical capacitor has charge Q and length L.

If both the charge and length of the capacitor are

doubled, by keeping other parameters fixed, the

energy stored in the capacitor

(a) remains same

(b) increases two times

(c) decreases two times (d) increases four times.

4. In given circuit, when switch S has been closed then

charge on capacitor A and B respectively are

(a) 3q, 6q

(c) 4.5q, 4.5q

(b) 6q, 3q

(d) 5q, 4q

shows full scale deflection for a current of 1 mA. To

convert it into a voltmeter to measure 1 V as well as

10 V, the resistance R1 and R2 respectively are

(c) 900 W and 9900 W (d) 950 W and 9000 W

6. If the total emf in a thermocouple is a parabolic

1

function expressed as E = at + bt 2 , which of the

2

following relation does not hold good?

a

(a) Neutral temperature, tn =

b

2a

(b) Temperature of inversion, ti =

b

(c) Thermoelectric power, p = a + bt

a

(d) tn =

b

7. A circular current carrying coil has a radius R. The

distance from the centre of the coil on the axis of

the coil, where the magnetic induction is (1/8)th of

its value at the centre of the coil is

R

(a) 3R

(b)

3

R

2

(c)

(d)

R

3

2 3

8. A circular coil of 5 turns and 10 cm mean diameter

is connected to a voltage source. If the resistance

of the coil is 10 W, the voltage of the source so as

to nullify the horizontal component of earths

magnetic field of 30 A turn m1 at the centre of the

coil should be

(a) 6 V, plane of the coil normal to magnetic

meridian

physics for you | MAY 16

31

meridian

(c) 6 V, plane of the coil along the magnetic

meridian

(d) 2 V, plane of the coil along the magnetic

meridian.

9. In a magnetic field of 0.05 T area of coil changes

from 101 cm2 and 100 cm2 without changing the

resistance which is 2 W. The amount of charge that

flow during this period is

(a) 2.5 106 C

(b) 2 106 C

6

(c) 10 C

(d) 8 106 C

10. A tangent galvanometer is connected directly to an

ideal battery. If the number of turns in the coil is

doubled, the deflection will

(a) increase

(b) decrease

(c) remain unchanged

(d) either increase or decrease

11. A short bar magnet placed with its axis at 30 with

a uniform external magnetic field of 0.16 tesla

experiences a torque of magnitude 0.032 J. The

magnetic moment of bar magnet will be

(a) 0.23 J T1

(b) 0.40 J T1

1

(c) 0.80 J T

(d) zero

12. The magnetic needle of a vibration magnetometer

makes 12 oscillations per minute in the horizontal

component of earths magnetic field. When an

external short bar magnet is placed at some distance

along the axis of the needle in the same line, it makes

15 oscillations per minute. If the poles of the bar

magnet are interchanged the number of oscillations

it makes per minute is

(a)

13. A uniformly wound solenoid coil of self-inductance

1.8 104 H and resistance 6 W is broken up into

two identical coils. These identical coils are then

connected in parallel across a 12 V battery of

negligible resistance. The time constant for the

current in the circuit is

(a) 0.1 104 s

(b) 0.2 104 s

(c) 0.3 104 s

(d) 0.4 104 s

14. What should be the value of self inductance of an

inductor that should be connected to 220 V, 50 Hz

supply so that a maximum current of 0.9 A flows

through it?

(a) 11 H (b) 2 H (c) 1.1 H (d) 5 H

32

batteries, inductors and resistances. Rank the

circuits according to the currents through the

battery just after the switch is closed, greatest first.

(c) i1 > i2 > i3

(d) i1 > i3 > i2

Z

and Z2 for frequency 2f. Then, 1 is

Z2

(a) between 1 and 2 (b) 2

(c) between 1/2 and 1 (d) 1/2

17. The resistance of an R-L circuit is 10 W. An emf

E0 applied across the circuit at w = 20 rad s1. If the

i

current in the circuit is 0 , what is the value of L?

2

(a) 0.5 H (b) 2.25 H (c) 3.9 H (d) 1.0 H

18. If a, b and g rays carry same momentum, which has

the longest wavelength?

(a) a rays

(b) b rays

(c) g rays

(d) All the three rays have same wavelength

19. A radiation of energy E falls normally on a perfectly

reflecting surface. The momentum transferred to

the surface is

2E

E

E

(a)

(b)

(c) Ec

(d)

c

c

c2

20. A concave lens of focal length 20 cm placed in

contact with a plane mirror acts as a convex mirror

of focal length

(a) 10 cm (b) 40 cm (c) 60 cm (d) 20 cm

21. For a real object, which of the following can produce

a real image?

(a) Plane mirror

(b) Concave lens

(c) Convex mirror

(d) Concave mirror

22. A ray of light is incident on a surface of glass slab

at an angle 45. If the lateral shift produced per unit

1

thickness is

m, the angle of refraction produced is

3

3

2

1

(a) tan 1

(b) tan 1

2

2

(c) sin 1 1

(d) tan 1

3

3 1

of refractive index m, the angle of incidence is found

to be twice the angle of refraction. Then angle of

incidence is

1 m

1 m

(a) cos

(b) 2 cos

2

2

m

(c) 2 sin1(m)

(d) 2 sin 1

2

24. The diameter of objective of a telescope is 1 m. Its

resolving limit for the light of wavelength 4538

will be

(a) 5.54 107 rad

(b) 2.54 104 rad

7

(c) 6.54 10 rad

(d) None of these

25. In a given direction, the intensities of the scattered

light by a scattering substance for two beams of

light are in the ratio of 256 : 81. The ratio of the

frequency of the first beam to the frequency of the

second beam is

(a) 64 : 127

(b) 1 : 2

(c) 64 : 27

(d) None of these

26. In Youngs double slit experiment if the slits widths

are in the ratio 1 : 9, the ratio of the intensities at

minima to that at maxima will be

(a) 1

(b) 1/9

(c) 1/4 (d) 1/3

27. In a Fraunhofer diffraction experiment at a single

slit using a light of wavelength 400 nm, the first

minimum is formed at an angle of 30. The direction

q of the first secondary maximum is given by

1 2

1 3

(a) sin

(b) sin

3

4

1

1

(c) sin 1

(d) sin 1

4

3

28. Maximum diffraction takes place in a given slit for

(a) g-rays

(b) ultraviolet light

(c) infrared light

(d) radio-waves

29. An unpolarised beam of intensity I0 is incident on

a pair of nicols making an angle of 60 with each

other. The intensity of light emerging from the pair is

I

I

I

(a) I0

(b) 0

(c) 0

(d) 0

8

2

4

30. The temperature at which protons in proton gas

would have enough energy to overcome Coulomb

barrier of 4.14 1014 J is

(Boltzmann constant = 1.38 1023 JK1)

(a) 2 109 K

(b) 109 K

9

(c) 6 10 K

(d) 3 109 K

field exist in a region in the same direction. An

electron is projected with a velocity pointed in the

same direction. Then the electron will

(a) be deflected to the left without increase in

speed

(b) be deflected to the right without increase in

speed

(c) not be deflected but its speed will decrease

(d) not be deflected but its speed will increase

32. In Millikans oil drop experiment, a charged drop

of mass 1.8 1014 kg is stationary between the

plates. The distance between the plates is 0.9 cm

and potential difference between the plates is

2000 V. The number of electrons on the oil drop is

(a) 10

(b) 5

(c) 50

(d) 20

33. An a-particle and a proton are accelerated from rest

by a potential difference of 100 V. After this, their

de Broglie wavelengths are la and lp respectively.

lp

The ratio

to the nearest integer, is

la

(a) 3

(b) 4

(c) 2

(d) 5

ground state of the hydrogen atom is (Radius of the

first orbit of hydrogen atom = 0.53 )

(a) 1.67 (b) 3.33 (c) 1.06 (d) 0.53

35. If the kinetic energy of a free electron doubles its

de-Broglie wavelength changes by the factor

1

1

(a) 2

(b)

(c) 2

(d)

2

2

36. When a piece of metal is illuminated by a

monochromatic light of wavelength l, then stopping

potential is 3 Vs. When same surface is illuminated

by light of wavelength 2l, then stopping potential

becomes Vs. The value of threshold wavelength for

photoelectric emission will be

4

(a) 4l

(b) 8l

(c) l (d) 6l

3

37. When a monochromatic point source of light is

at a distance 0.2 m from a photoelectric cell, the

saturation current and cut-off voltage are 12.0 mA

and 0.5 V. If the same source is placed 0.4 m away

from the photoelectric cell, then the saturation

current and the stopping potential respectively are

(a) 4 mA and 1 V

(b) 12 mA and 1 V

(c) 3 mA and 1 V

(d) 3 mA and 0.5 V

physics for you | MAY 16

33

hydrogen atom from its ground state to a M-shell

state. A second electron collides instantaneously

with the excited hydrogen atom in the M-state and

ionizes it. At least how much energy the second

electron transfers to the atom in the M-state?

(a) + 3.4 eV

(b) + 1.51 eV

(c) 3.4 eV

(d) 1.51 eV

39. A compound microscope has an eyepiece of focal

length 10 cm and an objective of focal length 4 cm.

Calculate the magnification, if an object is kept at

a distance of 5 cm from the objective, so that final

image is formed at the least distance of distinct

vision 25 cm.

(a) 14

(b) 11

(c) 10

(d) 13

40. The angular speed of the electron in the Bohr orbit

of hydrogen atom is

(a) directly proportional to n

(b) inversely proportional to n

(c) inversely proportional to n2

(d) inversely proportional to n3

41. The radioactivity of a certain material drops to 1/16

of the initial value in 2 h. The half-life of this radio

nuclide is

(a) 10 min

(b) 20 min

(c) 30 min

(d) 40 min

42. Consider the nuclear reaction 200X 110A + 80B. If

the binding energy per nucleon for X, A and B are

7.4 MeV, 8.2 MeV and 8.1 MeV respectively, then

the energy released in the reaction is

(a) 70 MeV

(b) 200 MeV

(c) 190 MeV

(d) 10 MeV

43. If a full wave rectifier circuit is operating from

50 Hz mains, the fundamental frequency in the

ripple will be

(a) 70.7 Hz

(b) 100 Hz

(c) 25 Hz

(d) 59 Hz

44. The diode used in the circuit shown in the figure has

a constant voltage drop of 0.5 V at all currents and

a maximum power rating of 100 mW. What should

be the value of the resistance R, connected in series

with the diode, for obtaining maximum current?

of only

(a) NOT gate

(b) OR gate

(c) AND gate

(d) NOR gate

SOLUTIONS

k(2q)

r

k(q)

k(q)

VOB =

, VOC =

r

r

Total potential at centre,

V = VOA + VOB + VOC = 0

From charge configuration, at the center electric

field is non zero.

2. (b) : Here, total electrostatic potential energy is zero.

Q q qQ

q2

i.e., k 0 0 +

=0

L

2L

L

2q

q

Q0 =

=

2 2

32

1. (d) : VOA =

2 C

If length is doubled, the capacitance will also be

doubled.

22 E

Thus, E =

E = 2E

2

4. (b) : Using charge conservation,

3q + 6q = (6C + 3C) V

q

V=

C

Charge on A and B after closing switch are

q

q

q A = CAV = 6C = 6q, qB = CBV = 3C = 3q

C

C

5. (d) : Given, V = 1 V, V = 10 V

Ig = 1 103 A

Resistance of galvanometer, Rg = 50 W

V

As R1 + R g =

Ig

V

1

Rg =

50

Ig

103

or R1 = 50 W

10

V

or 950 + R2 + 50 =

Also R1 + R2 + R g =

Ig

103

R2 = 9000 W

R1 =

34

(c) 6.67 W

(d) 200 W

1

6. (d) : E = at + bt 2

2

dE

By differentiating,

= a + bt

dt

When t = tn, (neutral temperature), then

a

dE

= 0, or a + btn = 0 or tn =

b

dt

The temperature of inversion

2a

ti = 2tn t0 = 2tn 0 =

b

dE

= a + bt

Thermoelectric power, p =

dt

kI

1kI

7. (a) :

=

2

2 3/2

(R + x )

8R3

(R2 + x2)3/2 = 8R3

R + x = 2R

R2 + x2 = 4R2, x = R 3

8. (a) : Magnetic field of 1 A turn m1

= 4p 107 T

m

m N V

Field at centre, B = 0 NI = 0

2r

2r

R

2rRB

or V =

m0 N

2 (5 102 ) 10 (30 4 p 107 )

\ V=

(4 p 107 ) 5

or V = 6 volt

To nullify the horizontal component of magnetic

field of earth, plane of the coil should be normal to

magnetic meridian.

9. (a) : q = dq = idt = dt

R

1 d

D B DA

=

=

dt =

R dt

R

R

4

0.05 (101 10 100 104 )

=

2

0.05 1 104

=

= 2.5 106 C

2

10. (a) : For a tangent galvanometer

B = BH tanq

m 2 pni

Here, B = 0

4p a

m0 2 pni

= BH tan q

4p a

or q n

\ If the number of turns in the coil are doubled,

the deflection will increase.

0.032 = m 0.16 sin30 m = 0.4 J T 1

12. (b) : Let n number of oscillations per minute.

for 1st case : n =

1 MBH

2p

I

n

BH

n BH 1 =

n2

BH + BH

BH

12

=

BH + BH

15

BH =

1

for

2nd

9

B

16 H

case :

n2

n3

BH + BH

1

BH BH

15

=

n3

9

B

16 H

9

BH BH

16

BH +

\ n3 = 63

=

= =

= 0.3 104 s

13. (c): t =

Rnet R / 2 R

6

V 2

I

220 2

2 p 50 L =

0. 9

L = 1.1 H

14. (c): 2 pL =

V

will be highest when R is lowest.

R

16. (a) : Z = R2 +

1

(2 pfC )2

Z

For non zero R, 1 < 1 < 2

Z2

17. (a) : XL = wL

or L =

X L 10

= = 0. 5 H

w 20

h

wavelength of the wave associated with it is l =

p

where h is Plancks constant. Since, it is given that

alpha, beta and gamma rays carry same momentum,

so they will have same wavelength.

physics for you | MAY 16

35

E

c

Since, the surface is perfectly reflecting, so the same

momentum will be reflected completely.

Final momentum

E

pf =

(negative value)

c

Change in momentum

Dp = pf pi = E E = 2 E

c c

c

Thus, momentum transferred to the surface is

2E

| Dp | =

c

20. (a) : It is like polishing the plane side of a plano

concave lens. For lens-mirror combination,

combined focal length is given by

1 2

1

= +

F f fm

Here, fm =

19. (b) : Initial momentum of surface pi =

1 2

=

F f

or F =

f

20

f = + 10 cm

=

2

2

produce real image. When the object is not placed

between the pole and focus of concave mirror.

22. (b) : Here, angle of incidence i = 45

sin(i r ) 1

Lateral shift (d )

=

=

(given)

thickness of glass slab (t )

cos r

3

d sin i cos r cos i sin r

or

=

t

cos r

d sin 45 cos r cos 45 sin r cos r sin r

=

or

=

t

cos r

2 cos r

d

1

1

1

or

=

(1 tan r ) or

=

(1 tan r )

t

2

3

2

2

2

or tan r = 1

or r = tan 1 1

3

3

sin i sin 2r 2 sin r cos r

m=

=

=

sin r sin r

sin r

36

m

m

or r = cos 1

2

2

m

i = 2r = 2 cos 1

2

24. (a) : Here D = 1 m, l = 4538 = 4.538 107 m

1.22 l

Resolving limit, q =

D

1.22 4.538 107

= 5.54 107 rad

=

1

25. (d) : According to Rayleigh scattering formula,

intensity of scattered light

cos r =

1/ 4

1/ 4

I

f

f 4 , 1 = 1 = 256 = 4

81

f2 I2

3

(l)4

a1

1 1 I min (a1 a2 )2 1

=

= ,

=

=

a2

9 3 I max (a + a )2 4

asinq = l

l

a=

sin q

For first secondary maximum

3l

a sin q =

2

3l 1 3l sin q

or sin q =

=

2 a 2

l

3

3

3

= sin 30 = or q = sin 1

4

2

4

28. (d) : Greater is the wavelength of wave higher

will be its degree of diffraction. Radio waves have

maximum wavelength.

29. (d) : According to Malus law

2

I0

I0

I0 1

I

2

2

I = cos q = (cos 60) = = 0

2

2

2

2

8

30. (a) : Given, k = 1.38 1023 J K1

The energy of proton gas = 4.14 1014 J

3

E = kT

2

3

\ 4.14 1014 = 1.38 1023 T

2

T = 2 109 K

31. (c): As electron is moving parallel to both the fields,

so magnetic force does not affect the electrons

motion. But electric force (qE) acts opposite to

motion of electron. Hence, electron will not be

deflected but its speed decreases.

V

Also E = and q = ne

d

mgd

V

\ ne = mg n =

d

eV

n=

1.6 1019 2000

33. (a) : l =

= 5 electrons

h

h

1

=

or l

p

2qVm

qm

v0 = 20 cm

lp

q m

(2)(4)

= a a =

= 2.828

q p mp

(1)(1)

la

The nearest integer is 3.

34. (b) : Wavelength, l =

2 pr 2 p 0.53 A

=

= 3.33 A

1

n

h

h

1

l=

=

l=

mv

2Km

K

\

to

Einsteins

or I =

(0.2)

and I

1

2

(0.4)

photoelectric

...(i)

...(ii)

I (0.2)

1

=

=

12 (0.4)2 4

12

= 3 mA

4

13.6

(3)2

= 1.51

38

v Z /n

1

=

w

2

r n /Z

n3

measure maximum kinetic energy of the electron. It

depends on the frequency of incident light whereas

the current depends on the number of photons

incident. Hence, cut-off voltage will be 0.5 V. Now

by inverse square law,

1

40. (d) : w =

2

1 1

1st case : 3eVs = hc

l l0

1

1

2nd case : eVs = hc

2 l l0

Dividing two equations, l0 = 4l

12

v

D

Magnification, M = 0 1 +

u0

fe

20 25

=

1+

= 14 cm

5 10

K1

l2

l

1

=

=

l2 = 1

l1

K2

2

2

equation

diagram shows the

formation of images by

compound microscope.

Given, fe = 10 cm,

f0 = 4 cm, u0 = 5 cm,

D = 25 cm

For objective lens

1

1

1 1 1

1

= , =

f0 v0 u0 4 v0 5

1

1

1

Here = = N 0

2 16

2

1

2

2/T1/2

1 1

=

16 2

t /T1/2

2

1

= 4 T1/2 = 2 hr

T

1/2

42. (a) : For X, energy = 200 7.4 = 1480 MeV

For A, energy = 110 8.2 = 902 MeV

For B, energy = 80 8.1 = 648 MeV

Therefore, energy released

= (902 + 648) 1480 = 70 MeV

43. (b) : A full wave rectifier rectifies both half of input

cycles making ripple frequency double than the

frequency of applied input.

44. (b) : R =

voltage drop

current

3

P 100 10

Current in circuit, I = =

= 0. 2 A

V

0. 5

1

\ R=

=5W

0. 2

45. (d) : NOR and NAND gates are universal gates.

Any digital circuit can be realised by repetitive use

of these (NOR and NAND) gates.

nn

(c) 10 V

(d) 13 V

30 V

If an electron and a proton are injected in uniform

electric field at right angle to the direction of the

field, with the same kinetic energy, then

(a) the proton trajectory will be less curved than

that of electron

(b) both the trajectories will be straight

(c) both the trajectories will be equally curved

(d) the electron trajectory will be less curved than

that of proton.

3. A coil of area 10 m2 is placed in a uniform magnetic

field of 0.3 Wb m2, with its plane perpendicular

to the field. The coil rotates at a uniform rate to

complete one revolution in 8 s. Find the average

e.m.f. in the coil during intervals when the coil

rotates from

(i) 0 to 90 position

(ii) 90 to 180 position

(iii) 180 to 270 position

(iv) 270 to 360 position.

3 3

3

3

(a)

V, V,

V,

V

2 2

2

2

3

3 3

3

(b) V,

V, V,

V

2

2

2

2

(c) Zero

3

3 3 3

(d)

V,

V, V, V

2

2

2 2

(tube) carrying a current has two

A

1

sections A and C of unequal cross B

2

sections joined by a conical section B.

i

C

3

1, 2 and 3 are the points on a line

parallel to the axis of the conductor,

as shown in the figure. The magnetic fields at 1, 2

and 3 have magnitudes B1, B2 and B3. Then

(a) B1 = B2 = B3

(b) B1 = B2 B3

(c) B1 < B2 < B3

(d) B2 cannot be found unless the dimensions of

the section B are known.

5. Two plane mirrors A and B are aligned parallel

to each other, as shown in figure. A light ray is

incident at an angle of 30 at a point just inside one

end of A. The plane of incidence coincides with the

plane of figure. The maximum number of times the

ray undergoes reflections (including the first one)

before it emerges out is

(a) 28

2 3m

(b) 30

B

0.2

m

(c) 32

A

(d) 34

30

C2 = 1.5 mF, C3 = 2.5 mF and C4 = 0.5 mF are

connected as shown in the figure and are connected

to a 30 V source. The potential difference between

points a and b is

C1

C2

a

(a) 5 V

B

A

C3

C4

(b) 9 V

dimensions expressed in terms of mass (M), length

(L), time (T) and charge (Q) given in column II.

Column I

Column II

(A) Angular

(p) [ML2T2]

momentum

(B) Torque

(q) [ML2T1]

(C) Inductance

(r) [M1 L2 T2Q2]

(D) Latent heat

(s) [ML2Q2]

(E) Capacitance

(t) [ML3T1Q2]

(F) Resistivity

(u) [L2T2]

Physics For you | may 16

39

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

A

q

q

p

s

B

s

p

s

u

C

p

s

u

r

D

t

u

r

t

E

r

r

t

q

F

u

t

q

p

(a)

height h above the ground. The time taken by the

ball to hit the ground is

(a)

2h

g

(b)

(c)

u 2 + 2 gh

g

(d)

8h

g

u

u 2 + 2 gh

+

g

g

P inside a hemispherical surface of radius r as shown

in figure. A horizontal acceleration of magnitude a0

is suddenly produced on the particle in the

horizontal direction. If gravitational

acceleration is neglected, the time

sphere again is

4r tan a

a0

(a)

4r sina

a0

(b)

(c)

4 r cos a

a0

vx = (8t 2) m s1 and vy = 2 m s1. If it passes

through the point x = 14 m and y = 4 m at t = 2 s,

find the equation (x-y relation) of the path.

(a) x = y2 y + 2

(b) x = 2y2 + 2y 3

(c) x = 3y2 + 5

(d) Cannot be found from above data

10. A machine gun fires 360 bullets per minute, with

a velocity of 600 m s1. If the power of the gun is

5.4 kW, mass of each bullet is

(a) 5 kg (b) 0.5 kg (c) 5 g

(d) 0.5 g

11. The wavefront of a distant source of unknown shape

is approximately

(a) spherical

(b) cylindrical

(c) elliptical

(d) plane

12. The ratio of lengths, radii and Youngs modulus of

steel and brass wires shown in the figure are a, b

and c respectively. The ratio between the increase in

length of brass and steel wire would be

40

b 2a

2c

Brass

2b 2c

(b)

a

ba 2

(c)

2c

c

(d)

2b 2a

2 kg

Steel

2 kg

venturimeter is connected is 8 cm and 5 cm and

the difference of levels in it is 4 cm. The volume of

water flowing through the pipe per second is

(a) 1889 cc s1

(b) 1520 cc s1

1

(c) 1321 cc s

(d) 1125 cc s1

14. A non viscous liquid is flowing through a frictionless

duct, with cross-section varying as shown in figure.

o

variation of pressure p along the axis of tube?

p

(a)

(b)

x

(c)

(d)

x

and time period 3 s. What is the minimum time

required for the particle to move between two

points 12.5 cm on either side of the mean position?

(a) 0.5 s (b) 1 s

(c) 1.5 s

(d) 2 s

16. An oil drop of 12 excess electrons is held stationary

under a constant electric field of 2.55 104 N C1 in

Milikans oil drop experiment. The density of the oil

is 1.26 g cm3. Estimate the radius of the drop.

(g = 9.81 m s2; e = 1.60 1019 C).

(a) 4.91 104 m

(b) 4.91 107 m

4

(c) 9.82 10 mm (d) 9.82 107 mm

17. A charge of 8 mC is located at the origin. Calculate

the work done in taking a small charge of 2 109 C

41

via a point R(0, 6 cm, 9 cm).

(a) 5 J

(b) 10 J

(c) 2.4 J

(d) 1.2 J

18. If a resistance R2 is connected in

parallel with the resistance R in

the circuit shown, then possible

value of current through R and the I

possible value of R2 will be

(a) I, R

I

(c) , 2R

3

(b) I, 2R

I

(d) , R

2

R2

R

A

1.2 cm and 3 cm respectively and the object is put

1.25 cm away from the objective lens and the final

image is formed at infinity. The magnifying power

of the compound microscope is

(a) 150 (b) 200

(c) 250

(d) 400

20. In the fusion reaction 12 H +12 H 32 He +10 n, the

masses of deuteron, helium and neutron expressed

in amu are 2.015, 3.017 and 1.009 respectively.

If 1 kg of deuterium undergoes complete

fusion, find the amount of total energy released.

1 amu = 931.5 MeV c2.

(a) 9 1013 J

(b) 6 1010 J

10

(c) 9 10 J

(d) 6 1013 J

21. The ratio of the velocity of sound in hydrogen

7

5

5

3

temperature is

(a)

5

42

(b)

5

21

(c)

42

5

(d)

21

5

impulse, gravitational potential, electrical charge,

temperature, acceleration. Out of these, the only

vector quantities are

(a) impulse, pressure and acceleration

(b) impulse and acceleration

(c) acceleration and gravitational potential

(d) impulse and pressure

23. A travelling wave is represented by the equation

1

y = sin(60t + 2 x ), where x and y are in metres

10

and t is in seconds. This represents a wave

(1) travelling with a velocity of 30 m s1

30

(2) of frequency

Hz

p

42

(3) of wavelength p m

(4) of amplitude 10 cm

(5) moving in the positive x direction

Pick out the correct statements from the above.

(a) 1, 2, 4 (b) 3, 4, 5 (c) 1, 2, 3, 4 (d) All

24. Two sitar strings A and B playing the note Ga are

slightly out of tune and produce beats of frequency

6 Hz. The tension in the string A is slightly reduced

and the beat frequency is found to reduce to

3 Hz. If the original frequency of A is 324 Hz, what

is the frequency of B?

(a) 330 Hz

(b) 318 Hz

(c) 324 Hz

(d) 321 Hz

25. Two identical ball bearings in contact with each

other and resting on a frictionless table are hit

head-on by another ball bearing of the same mass

moving initially with a speed v as shown in figure.

1

possible result after collision?

1

(a)

v/2

v=0

1

(b)

v=0

1

(c)

v/3

1

v/1

v/2

v/3

(d)

26. A metal cylinder of length L is

F

subjected to a uniform compressive

force F as shown in the figure.

The material of the cylinder has

Youngs modulus Y and Poissons

ratio s. The change in volume of the cylinder is

(1 s)FL

sFL

(a)

(b)

Y

Y

(1 + 2s)FL

(1 2s)FL

(c)

(d)

Y

Y

m and 2m separated by a distance r. Which of the

following statement is correct?

2r

(a) Radius of circular path of star of mass 2m is .

3

(b) Kinetic energy of 2m mass star is double that of

lighter star.

(c) Time period of revolution of both are not same.

(d) Angular momentum of lighter star is more.

28. The power radiated by a black body is P and it

radiates maximum energy around the wavelength

l0. Now the temperature of the black body is

changed so that it radiates maximum energy around

l

wavelength 0 . The power radiated by it will now

2

increase by a factor of

(a) 2

(b) 16

(c) 8

(d) 64

29. A body of mass M suspended from two springs

separately executes simple harmonic motion.

During oscillation the maximum velocity is equal

A

in both cases. The ratio of amplitude 1 is

A2

k

(b) 2

k1

k

(a) 1

k2

k12

k2

(d) 2

k1

k2

(c)

vertices. In which of the following cases the electric

field at the centre is not zero?

q

q

q

q

q

(1)

(a) 1

q

q

(b) 2

2q

2q

(2)

q

2q

(c) 3

2q

q

(3)

2q

q

2q

(d) 4

2q

(4)

Normal

shown in figure. The point

Light ray

O is the centre. The light ray

forms an angle of 60 with the

60

O

normal. The normal makes an

angle 60 with the horizontal and the mirror makes

an angle 60 with the normal. The value of refractive

index of that spherical portion so that light ray

retraces its path is

2

3

(a) 2 (b)

(c)

(d) 3

2

3

32. In the standard Youngs double slit experiment the

intensity on the screen at a point distant 1.25 fringe

slits to be identical and Imax = Maximum intensity

at central maxima)

1

1

1

(a) I max (b) I max (c) I max

(d) Imax

2

4

3

33. In the given nuclear reaction A, B, C, D, E represents

92 U

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

238

B Th A

D PaC

92 U234

A = 234, B = 90, C = 238, D = 94, E = a

A = 238, B = 93, C = 234, D = 91, E = b

A = 234, B = 90, C = 234, D = 93, E = a

forward biased?

+5 V

R

+5 V

(1)

+10 V

(2)

(3)

R

(4)

5V

R

(5)

(d) 2, 3, 4

link between technology and physics?

(a) Optical fibres total internal reflection of light.

(b) Nuclear reactor nuclear fusion.

(c) Electron microscope wave nature of electrons.

(d) Electric generator laws of electromagnetic

induction.

36. White light is incident on a soap film of thickness

5 105 cm and refractive index 1.33. Which

wavelength is reflected maximum in the visible

region?

(a) 26000

(b) 8866

(c) 5320

(d) 3800

37. The magnitude of the de-Broglie wavelength (l) of

electron (e), proton (p), neutron (n) and a-particle

(a) all having the same energy of 1 MeV, in the

increasing order will follow the sequence

(a) le, lp, ln, la

(b) le, ln, lp, la

(c) la, ln, lp, le

(d) lp, le, la, ln

38. In an electron tube, an electron enters an electric

field E between the two plates with a velocity vx as

shown in the figure. Now assuming that it emerges

from the field with a velocity v so as to strike the

Physics For you | may 16

43

of plate is d and the length of the plates is L. If the

charge on the electron is e, then deflection y on the

screen is (m is the mass of electron)

eLdE

(a)

mv 2

P

y

eLdE

(b)

vx

M

2

mv x

d

eL2 E

mv x2

(d)

2eLd

mv x2

connected to an AC supply of 100 volt and 50 Hz.

A pure resistor under the same conditions takes

a current of 10 ampere. If the two are connected

to an AC supply of 150 volts and 40 Hz, then the

current in a series combination of the resistor and

inductor is

(a) 10 2 A

(b) 8 A

15

(c) 18 A

(d)

A

2

40. A magnetised wire of magnetic moment M is bent

into an arc of a circle that subtends an angle of 60

at the centre. The equivalent magnetic moment is

M

3M

2M

4M

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

p

p

p

p

solutions

C1 and C2.

q

q

q q

\

+

= 30 or +

= 30

1 1. 5

C1 C2

or q = 18 mC

q 18

\ VA Va =

...(i)

= = 18 V

C1 1

Similarly, let q mC be the charge on capacitors C3

and C4.

q q

\

+

= 30

C3 C4

or

\

44

q q

25

+

= 30 or q =

mC

2. 5 0. 5

2

q

25

VA Vb =

=

=5 V

C3 2 2.5

Physics For you | may 16

qE x 2

1 qE x 2

From (i), y =

=

2 m v 2 2 2 Ek

As y is independent of m, hence both the trajectories

will be equally curved.

3. (a) : In turning from 0 to 90 position

8

t = =2s

4

AB [cos 90 cos 0] 10 0.3[0 1] 3

=

=

= V

2

2

2

In turning from 90 to 180 position, t = 2 s

=

2

10 0.3[1 0] 3

=

= V

2

2

3

Similarly, from 180 to 270 position, =

V

2

3

and from 270 to 360 position, =

V

2

4. (a) : To find the magnetic field outside a thick

conductor, the current is assumed to flow along the

axis of the conductor. As points 1, 2 and 3 are at

equal distance from the axis, therefore

B1 = B2 = B3.

5. (b) : As it is clear from the figure,

l=2 3m

...(ii)

0.2 m

B

A

30

30

(c)

Vb Va = 18 5 = 13 V

1

2. (c) : Kinetic energy, Ek = mv 2 or mv 2 = 2 Ek .

2

Force on the charged particle in electric filed, F = qE.

Acceleration of the charged particle in the direction

of electric field, a = qE/m.

Taking the motion of charged particle at right angle

to the initial direction of motion, i.e., motion along

the direction of electric field for the displacement y

in the electric field.

u = 0, a = qE/m, t = t, s = y.

1

As s = ut + at 2

2

\ y = 0 t + 1 qE t 2 = 1 qE t 2

...(i)

2 m

2 m

If x is the length of region of electric field, then t = x/v

0. 2

d = 0.2 tan 30 =

;

3

l 2 3 3

\ Number of reflections, n = =

= 30

d

0. 2

\ Maximum number of reflections = 30

6. (b) : Angular momentum [ML2T1]

Torque

[ML2T2]

Inductance

[ML2Q2]

Latent heat

[M0L2T2]

Capacitance

[M1L2T2Q2]

Resistivity

[ML3T1Q2]

7. (d) : Time taken to reach the highest point from the

height h is obtained from v = u + at

u

0 = u gt , t =

g

Height attained above h is obtained from

v2 u2 = 2as

u2

0 u 2 = 2( g )s or, s =

2g

u2

Total height, h =

+h

2g

Time taken by the ball to cover height h

1 2

u2

1

h = ut + at 2 2 g + h = 0 + 2 gt

2

2

t =

(u + 2 g h)

g

= t +t =

14

2l

2 2r cos a

4r cos a

=

=

a0

a0

a0

or x = 4t2 2t + 2

...(i)

Further, vy = 2

y

t

dy

or

= 2 \ 4 dy = 2 2dt

dt

or y 4 = [2t]t2 = 2t 4 or y = 2t

or t = y

...(ii)

2

Substituting the value of t from eq. (ii) in eq. (i)

we have x = y2 y + 2

360

= 6 bullets s 1 ,

60

v = 600 m s1, m =?

Power of gun = Power of bullets

1

2

5.4 103 = (nm)v 2 2 5400 = 6 m (600)

2

2 5400

1

1000

or m =

=

kg =

g=5 g

6 600 600 200

200

is approximately plane.

12. (b) : Y =

l

Here, s

lb

u2 + 2 gh

u

+

g

g

Let PA = l, \ PB = l

O

2

PB

r

r

In DOPB,cos a =

r

P

A

B

\ PB = r cosa

l

or

= r cos a l = 2r cosa

2

1

But l = a0t 2

2

\ t=

9. (a) : vx = 8t 2

dx

or

= 8t 2

dt

x

t

or

dx = (8t 2)dt

F/A

F l

F l

; Dl =

=

Dl / l

YA Y pr 2

r

Y

Dlb

= a , s = b, s = c ,

=?

rb

Yb

Dls

FS

2 kg

FB

2 kg

FS

2g

2g

Fs = 2g N, Fb = 4g N

Dlb Fb lb Ys rs

=

Dls Fs ls Yb rb

2b2c

4g 1

= (c)(b2 ) =

a

2g a

13. (a) : Here, r1 = 8/2 = 4.0 cm;

r2 = 5/2 = 2.5 cm; h = 4 cm

Now, A1 = pr21 = p (4)2 = 16p cm2

And A2 = pr22 = p(2.5)2 = 6.25p cm2

Physics For you | may 16

45

(Partially filled dielectric)

Capacitance,

Dipole field

t = pE sin q

U = pE cos q

Electric field

=

Coulomb's law

Electric force between two

point charges

Electrostatic potential

=

=

to electric dipole

Electric flux,

Gauss's law:

Equipotential surface

l W

net = 0

l E ^ ds

l Do not intersect

each other

Due to an infinite

plane sheet

where, q =

=

Magnetic force

Cyclotron

Accelerates charged particles

so they acquire high energies,

Broadside-on,

Ampere's circuital law

Current sensitivity,

Here, BH = B cos d, BV = B sin d

d is the dip angle at the place.

Applications of Ampere's

circuital law

straight wire of infinite length,

loop

Curie law,

Magnetic field inside a long

solenoid, B = 0nI

Curie-Weiss law,

Ohm's law

V = IR,

Resistivity

Heat energy, H = I 2Rt

P = I 2R =

Drift speed,

I = neAvd ,

Temperature dependence

RT = R0[1 + a(T T0)]

Temperature coefficient of

resistance,

Kirchhoffs rules

Junction Rule : Current entering =

Current leaving,

Loop Rule : Total potential around any

closed loop must be zero,

Potentiometer

Fall of potential , V l , V = Kl

Here,

Voltage sensitivity,

Galvanometer into

voltmeter

Based on principle of

Electromagnetic

Induction

Power,

to a bar magnet

End-on,

fc

magnetic properties of

substances

sphere

Instantaneous induced emf, e = e0sinwt

e = e0 sinwt

Lenz's law

T h e d i re c t i o n o f t h e

induced current is such

that it opposes the change

that has induced it.

Eddy current

The current induced in

conductors when the

magnetic flux linked with

the conductor changes.

Motional emf

On a straight conducting

wire, e = Bvl

On a rotating conducting

wire about one end

Meter bridge

Resistance of unknown resistor,

solenoid

long coaxial solenoids

Transformer

Efficiency of transformer,

When efficiency of

transformer is 100%,

coil/conductor,

= k (transformer ratio)

Coefficient of self

induction,

Wheatstone bridge

In balanced condition,

Galvanometer into

ammeter

Mutual inductance,

Impedance of series LCR circuit

= potential gradient

Electric resonance

Comparision of emfs

of two cells,

At resonance, XL = XC

\ Resonance frequency

Power factor

by

2 gh

V = A1A2

2

(A1 A22)

= 6.25p 16p

=

2 980 4

(16p)2 (6.25p)2

100p 2 28 10

(16p 6.25p)(16p + 6.25p)

= 1889 cc s 1

when cross-section of duct decreases, the velocity

of flow of liquid increases and in accordance with

Bernoullis theorem, in a horizontal pipe, the place

where speed of liquid is maximum, the value of

pressure is minimum. Hence the second graph

correctly represents the variation of pressure.

15. (a) : Here, A = 25 cm, T = 3 s

Let the particle be at the location 12.5 cm at time

t1 and + 12.5 cm at time t2.

2pt

+ f

T

2pt

First condition, 12.5 = 25 cos 1 + f

...(i)

3

2pt 2

+ f

...(ii)

3

2pt

1

2p

12.5

From eq. (i), cos 1 + f =

= = cos

25

2

3

3

2pt1

2p

\

+f=

3

3

or 2pt1 + 3f = 2p

...(iii)

p

2pt 2

12.5 1

= = cos

+ f =

From eq. (ii), cos

25 2

3

3

2pt 2

p

\

+f=

or 2pt2 + 3f = p

...(iv)

3

3

Subtracting eq. (iv) from eq. (iii), we get

2p(t1 t2) = p

or (t1 t2) = p/2p = 1/2 = 0.5 s

16. (c) : If q = charge on the drop, then

q = ne = 12 1.6 1019 C = 19.2 1019 C

If Fe be the electrostatic force on the oil drop due to

electric field.

Then Fe = qE = 19.2 1019 2.55 104 N

...(i)

Let Fg = Force on the drop due to gravity, then

4

Fg = mg = pr 3rg

...(ii)

3

48

= 1.26 103 kg m3

Putting these values in eq. (ii), we get

4

...(iii)

Fg = pr 3 1.26 103 9.81

3

As the drop remains stationary,

Fe = Fg

4

or 19.2 1019 2.55 104 = pr 3 1.26 103 9.81

3

After solving we get, r = 9.82 104 mm

17. (d) : Here q = charge at origin O = 8 mC = 8 103 C

q0 = charge to be carried from P to Q via R

= 2 109 C

\ r1 = 3 cm = 3 102 m

r2 = 4 cm = 4 102 m

As electrostatic forces are conservative forces, the

work done in moving q0 is independent of the path

followed. Thus there is no relevance of the point R.

Let WPQ be the work done in moving q0 from P to

Q, then using the relation,

1

1 1

WPQ =

, we get

4p 0 0 r2 r1

WPQ = 9 109 ( 2 109)

1

1

8 10 3

= 1.2 J

2

4 10

3 10 2

18. (d) : In parallel, current distributes in inverse ratio

of resistance.

19. (b) : When final image is formed at infinity, then

magnifying power of compound microscope

v

D

1 1 1

M = 0 . From,

=

f 0 v 0 u0

u0 fe

1

1

1

=

v0 = 30 cm

+ 1.2 v 0 (1.25)

\ | M | =

30 25

= 200

1.25 3

\ Energy released = (0.004 931.5) MeV

= 3.726 MeV

3.726

Energy released per deuteron =

= 1.863 MeV

2

Number of deuterons in 1 kg =

\

6.02 1026

= 3.01 1026

2

= (3.01 1026 1.863)

= 5.6 1026 MeV 9.0 1013 J

For the same temperature

RT

M

v

M

7

4

42

5

=

\

5

5

2

3

22. (b) : Among the given physical quantities

pressure, power, energy, gravitational potential,

electrical charge, temperature are scalar quantities

whereas only impulse and acceleration are vector

quantities.

H M

He

2

2

=

=

He MH

vHe

2

vH

23. (c)

24. (b) : Let original frequency of sitar string A be uA

and original frequency of sitar string B be uB.

Number of beats per second = 6

\ uB = uA 6 = 324 6 = 330 or 318 Hz

When tension in A is reduced, its frequency reduces

( u T )

Number of beats per second reduces to 3.

Therefore, frequency of B = 324 6 = 318 Hz.

25. (b)

26. (d) : Volume of the cylinder, V = pr2L

Volumetric strain =

DV D(pr 2 L)

=

V

pr 2 L

2

DV pr DL + 2 pr L Dr DL 2Dr

=

+

=

L

r

V

pr 2 L

... (i)

(Dr / r )

Dr

sDL

or

=

(DL / L)

r

L

Dr

On substituting this value of

in eq. (i), we get

r

DV DL

... (ii)

=

(1 2s)

V

L

(F / pr 2 )

DL

F

Youngs modulus, Y =

or

=

(DL / L)

L pr 2Y

DL

On substituting this value of

in eq. (ii), we get

L

DV

F

DV

F

(1 2s) ,

=

=

(1 2s)

2

2

V

pr Y

pr L pr 2Y

Poissons ratio, s =

DV =

FL

(1 2s)

Y

r

2r

and r2 =

3

3

w will be same for both the stars. 2m

1

1

K1 = I1w2 and K 2 = I2 w2

2

2

2

2r

m

K1 I1 mr12

3

\

= =

=

=2

2

2

K 2 I2 2mr2

r

2m

3

L1 = I1w and L2 = I2w

27. (d) : r1 =

r2

r1

CM

r

L1 I1

= =2

L2 I2

28. (b) : At temperature T, energy is maximum around

the wavelength l0.

According to Wiens law

b

l0T = b or T =

... (i)

l0

\

4

b

P = sT A = s A

(Using (i))

l0

b4

...(ii)

=s

A

l04

Now at new temperature T, energy is maximum

l

around wavelength 0 .

2

l0

2b

...(iii)

T = b or T =

\

2

l0

Now power radiated by the same black body at

temperature T is

4

2b

P = sT A = s A

l0

b4

P = 16 s

A = 16 P

l04

4

(Using (iii))

(Using (ii))

Maximum velocity, vmax = Aw

k

For 1st case, vmax = A1w1 = A1 1

1

M

...(i)

k

For IInd case, vmax = A2 w2 = A2 2

2

M

v

=

v

max

max

According to question,

1

\ A1

k1

k

= A2 2

M

M

or

...(ii)

A1

k

= 2

A2

k1

49

30. (b) : In figures (1), (3) and (4) net electric field is

zero, because electric field at a point due to positive

charge acts away from the charge and due to negative

charge it acts towards the charge. For figure, (2) net

electric field is not zero.

E

E

120

E

(2E)2 + (2E)2 + (2E)2 2 cos 120 = 2E

31. (d) :

30

60

while leaving the electric field makes with the initial

direction of motion (i.e., along X-direction), then

vy y

tan q =

=

vx d

vy

eE Ld

Ee L

1

or y = d =

d=

vx

m vx vx

mv 2x

39. (d) : For pure inductor,

100 25

XL = u =

=

Iu

8

2

25

25

25

1

wL = ; L =

=

=

H

2

2w 2 2 p 50 8 p

V 100

R= =

= 10

I 10

For the combination, the supply is 150 V, 40 Hz

1

\ XL = wL = 2p 40

= 10

8p

90

60 60

sin 60

3 /2

m=

=

= 3

sin 30 1 / 2

32. (a) : Path difference between two waves

yd 1.25lD d

=

D d D

5

= 1.25l = l

4

2p

Corresponding phase difference, f = Dx

l

2p 5

5

f 5

=

l = p , = p = 225

l 4

2

2 4

f 1

I = I max cos 2 = I max

2 2

Dx = d sin q d tan q =

33. (a) : 92 U

238

90 Th

234

91 Pa

234

1 b

92 U

234

34. (b)

35. (b)

36. (c) : In reflected light, condition for maximum

intensity is

l

2mt cos r = (2n + 1)

2

4mt cos r 4 1.33 5 10 7 1

\ l=

=

2n + 1

(2n + 1)

Putting n = 0, 1, 2, 3, ... we get

l0 = 26600 , l1 = 8866

l2 = 5320 , l4 = 3800

Among these wavelengths, l = 5320 is in the

visible region.

50

37. (c)

38. (b) : When electron is subjected to a perpendicular

electric field, it will describe a parabolic path in the

electric field. While leaving the electric field, it flies

off tangentially to the parabolic path and meets the

screen at point P, where MP = y.

Let vx, vy be the rectangular components of velocity

when the electron just going to leave the electric field.

If t is the time taken by electron to cross the electric

field, then vx t = L or t = L/vx

Ee

Ee L

vy = 0 + t =

m

m vx

Z = X L2 + R2 = 102 + 102 = 10 2

E

150

15

Iu = u =

=

A

Z 10 2

2

40. (b) : If m is strength of each pole of wire of length l,

A

then M = m l

When the wire is bent

r

x

such that AOB = 60

30

l

O

30

2 pr pr

x

l=

=

r

6

3

pr

B

\ M =m

3

In the figure linear distance between A and B

= 2x = 2 r sin30 = r

3M

\ M = m(2 x ) = mr =

p

nn

Useful for All National and State Level Medical/Engg. Entrance Exams

alternating current

combination of a resistance R, capacitance C and

an inductance L. If IR, IL and IC are the currents

through R, L and C respectively, then the diagram

which correctly represents the phase relationship

among IR, IL, IC and source emf e, is given by

IR

IL

(a)

IR

(b)

IL

IC

IC

IC

IR

(c)

IR

IL

(d)

IC

IL

V = 20 cos(wt) volt with w = 2000 rad s1, the

amplitude of the current will be nearest to

(a) 2 A

(c) 2/ 5 A

(b) 3.3 A

(d) 5 A

is represented in figure. Which one

of the following curves in the figure

will represent the current ?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

having a maximum value of 2 A flow through two

identical resistances. The ratio of heat produced in

the two resistances will be

(a) 1 : 1 (b) 1 : 2 (c) 2 : 1 (d) 4 : 1

5. A 750 Hz, 20 V source is connected to a resistance of

100 W, an inductance of 0.1803 H and a capacitance

of 10 F all in series. Calculate the time in which

the resistance (thermal capacity 2 JC1) will get

heated by 10C.

(a) 348 s (b) 353 s (c) 365 s (d) 370 s

6. A power transmission line feeds input power at

2300 V to a step-down transformer, with its primary

windings having 4000 turns. What should be the

number of turns in the secondary winding in order

to get output power at 230 V ?

(a) 300 (b) 250

(c) 400

(d) 450

7. An inductance and a resistance are connected in

series with an AC potential. In this circuit

(a) the current and the potential difference across

the resistance lead the potential difference across

the inductance by phase angle p/2

(b) the current and the potential difference across

the resistance lag behind potential difference

across the inductance by an angle p/2

physics for you | MAY 16

51

the resistance lag behind the potential difference

across the inductance by an angle p

(d) the potential difference across the resistance

lags behind the potential difference across the

inductance by an angle p/2 but the current in

the resistance leads the potential difference

across inductance by p/2.

8. An AC source is connected to a capacitor. The current

in the circuit is I. Now a dielectric slab is inserted

into the capacitor, then the new current is

(a) equal to I

(b) more than I

(c) less than I

(d) may be more than or less than I

9. In the given AC circuit

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

current I2 leads I1 by 90

current I leads I2 by q < 90

current I leads I1 by q < 90

value of the current 1/300 seconds after its value

becomes zero is

(a) 5 2 A

(b) 5 3 / 2 A

(c) 5/6 A

(d) 5 / 2 A

11. A transformer is used to light 140 W, 24 V lamp

from 240 V AC mains. The current in the mains is

0.7 A. The efficiency of transformer is nearest to

(a) 90% (b) 80% (c) 70% (d) 60%

12. An L-C circuit has capacitance C1 = C and inductance

C

and L2 = 2L

L1 = L. A second circuit has C2 =

2

and a third circuit has C3 = 2C and L3 = L/2. All the

three capacitors are charged to the same potential

V, and then made to oscillate. Then

(a) maximum current is greatest in second circuit

(b) angular frequency of oscillation is different for

all the three circuits.

(c) maximum current is greatest in first circuit

(d) angular frequency of oscillation is same for all

the three circuits.

52

e = e1 sinwt + e2 coswt

Then the root mean square value of voltage is given by

(a) e12 + e22

(b) e1 + e 2

e1e2

e12 + e22

(d)

2

2

14. An AC voltage source of variable angular frequency

w and fixed amplitude V0 is connected in series with

a capacitance C and an electric bulb of resistance R

(inductance zero). When w is increased

(a) the bulb glows dimmer

(b) the bulb glows brighter

(c) total impedance of the circuit is unchanged

(d) total impedance of the circuit increases.

(c)

If it is used on an AC source of 200 V, 50 Hz, a choke

has to be used in series with it. This choke should

have an inductance of

(a) 1 mH (b) 0.1 mH (c) 0.1 H (d) 1.1 H

16. When a DC voltage of 200 V is applied to a coil of

self inductance (2 3 / p) H, a current of 1 A flows

through it. But by replacing DC source with AC

source of 200 V, the current in the coil is reduced to

0.5 A. Then the frequency of AC supply is

(a) 100 Hz (b) 75 Hz (c) 50 Hz (d) 30 Hz

17. For the circuit shown in figure,

the current through the inductor

is 0.9 A while the current through

the condenser is 0.4 A. Hence the

current drawn from the generator is

(a) 1.13 A

(b) 0.5 A

(c) 0.6 A

(d) 0.9 A

18. Series AC circuit has inductance L, resistance R and

angular frequency w. The quality factor, Q is

2

wL

wL

(a)

(b)

R

R

2

R

R

(c)

(d)

wL

wL

19. Current in a circuit is wattless if

(a) inductance in the circuit is zero

(b) resistance in the circuit is zero

(c) current is alternating

(d) resistance and inductance both are zero

20. In the circuit shown in figure, the key K is closed at

t = 0.

R1

R2

(a)

(b)

V (R1 + R2 )

V

at t = 0 and at t =

R1R2

R2

VR1R2

2

1

2

2

at t = 0 and

V

at t =

R2

R +R

V (R1 + R2 )

V

at t = 0 and

at t =

(c)

R1R2

R2

(d)

VR1R2

V

at t = 0 and

at t =

R2

R12 + R22

electromagnetic waves

(a) [L1/2 T1/2]

(b) [L1 T]

1

(c) [LT ]

(d) [L1/2 T1/2]

22. The charge of a parallel plate capacitor is varying as

q = q0 sin2put. The plates are very large and close

together. Neglecting edge effects, the displacement

current through the capacitor is

q

q

(a)

(b)

sin2put

Ae0

e0

2p u q0

(c) 2puq0 cos2put

(d)

cos2put.

e0

23. Molybdenum is used as a target element for the

production of X-rays because it is

(a) light and can easily deflect electrons

(b) light and can absorb electrons

(c) a heavy element with a high melting point

(d) an element having high thermal conductivity.

24. The electric field part of an electromagnetic wave in

a medium is represented by Ex = 0 ;

Ey = 2.5 N C1

cos[(2p 106 rad s1)t (p 102 rad m1)x];

Ez = 0. The wave is

(a) moving along the x-direction with frequency

106 Hz and wavelength 100 m

(b) moving along x-direction with frequency

106 Hz and wavelength 200 m

(c) moving along x-direction with frequency

106 Hz and wavelength 200 m

2p 106 Hz and wavelength 200 m.

25. The amplitude of magnetic field in a parallel beam

of light of intensity 2.0 W m2 is

(a) 1.3 107 T

(b) 1.3 106 T

5

(c) 1.3 10 T

(d) 1.3 108 T

26. Light with an energy flux of 18 W cm2 falls on a

non-reflecting surface at normal incidence. If the

surface has an area of 20 cm2, the total momentum

delivered to the surface during a span of 30 minutes

is

(a) 2.16 103 kg m s1

(b) 2.16 104 kg m s1

(c) 4.32 103 kg m s1

(d) 4.32 104 kg m s1

27. If lv, lx and lm represent the wavelengths of visible

light, X-rays and microwaves respectively, then

(a) lm > lx > lv

(b) lv > lm > lx

(c) lv > lx > lm

(d) lm > lv > lx

28. The electric field associated with an electromagnetic

where E, z and t are in volt metre1, metre and

second respectively. The value of wave vector k is

(a) 2 m1

(b) 0.5 m1

1

(c) 6 m

(d) 3 m1

29. An earth orbiting satellite has solar energy collecting

panel with total area 5 m2. If solar radiations are

perpendicular and completely absorbed, the average

force associated with the radiation pressure is

(solar constant = 1.4 kW m2).

(a) 2.33 103 N

(b) 2.33 104 N

5

(c) 2.33 10 N

(d) 2.33 106 N

30. In a region of free space the electric field at some

The poynting vector for these fields in W m2 is

7

10

107

[3.6i 9.0 j]

[3.6i 9.0 j] (b)

2p

p

107

107

[3.6i 9.0 j]

[3.6i 9.0 j] (d)

(c)

8p

4p

solutions

1. (c) : Current in inductance IL lags behind the emf

in phase by p/2, current in resistance IR is in phase

with emf, while current in capacitance IC leads by

a phase of p/2.

(a)

53

R = 6 + 4 = 10 W

Capacitive reactance

1

1

=

XC =

= 10 W

wC 2000 50 106

Inductive reactance

XL = wL = 2000 5 103 = 10 W

\ Z = R2 + ( X L XC )2 = 10 W

Amplitude of current

V0 20

=

I0 =

=2A

Z 10

p

3. (d) : Current lags behind the voltage by .

2

4. (c) : As, H = I2Rt

For DC circuit

HDC = I2DCRt

(i)

For AC circuit

HAC = I2rms Rt

(ii)

For same time t, from (i) and (ii)

2

2

I0

H DC I DC 2 2

=

= 2 I rms =

=

2

H AC I rms 2

5. (a) : As,

XL = wL = 2puL = 2p 750 0.1803 = 849.2 W

1

1

1

= 21.2 W

and XC =

=

=

wC 2puC 2p 750 105

So, X = XL XC = 849.2 21.2 = 828 W

Hence, Z = R2 + X 2 = (100)2 + (828)2 = 834 W

But as in case of AC,

Vrms R

Z

Z

2

2

Vrms

20

i.e., Pav =

100 = 0.0575 W

R =

834

Z

And as, U = P t = mcDq

mc Dq 2 10

=

= 348 s

\ t=

P

0.0575

6. (c) : Here, Vp = 2300 V, np = 4000, Vs = 230 V

Now,

\

Vs ns

=

Vp n p

ns =

n

230

= s

2300 4000

230 4000

= 400

2300

7. (b)

8. (b) : By introducing the slab, C will increase.

Therefore, XC will decrease or I will increase.

9. (a) : The given AC circuit is the combination of two

pure parallel circuits with the applied voltage. In

which I2 is in phase with V and I1 leads V by 90.

54

1

s

300

I0 = 2 Irms = 2 5 A

From I = I0 sin wt

1

p

3

3

= 5 2 sin 100p

= 5 2 sin = 5 2

=5

A

300

3

2

2

11. (b) : Pi = 240 0.7 = 168 W, P0 = 140 W

P

140

= 0 100 =

100 = 83.3% 80%

Pi

168

1

12. (d) : Angular frequency, w =

.

LC

As L1C1 = L2C2 = L3C3, therefore, angular frequency

of oscillation is same for all the three circuits.

13. (d) : e = e1 sinwt + e2 coswt

The two components are 90 out of phase with each

other.

e12 + e22

e0 =

ev =

e0

2

e12 + e22

2

1

, as w increases, Z decreases.

w2C 2

1

Since, power

,

impedance

therefore the bulb glows brighter.

Z=

R2 +

P 50

V 100

I= =

= 0.5 A, R = =

= 200 W

V 100

I 0. 5

Let L be the inductance of the choke coil

Ev 200

E

=

= 400 W

\ Iv = v or Z =

I v 0. 5

Z

Now, XL =

200 3 200 3 200 3 2 1.732

L =

= 1.1 H

=

=

=

w

2pu

100p

3.14

V 200

2 3

= 200 W ; L =

H

=

I

1

p

E 200

Z= v =

= 400 W

I v 0. 5

16. (c) : R =

XL =

200 3

200 3

= 50 Hz

=

2pL

2 3

2p

p

17. (b) : The current drawn by capacitor and inductor

are always in opposite phase. Therefore, net current

drawn from the generator

= IL IC

= 0.9 0.4 = 0.5 A

u=

as the ratio of the voltage drop across the inductance

(or capacitance) at resonance to the applied voltage,

wL

i.e., Q =

R

19. (b) : The current in AC circuit is said to be wattless

if the average power consumed in the circuit is

zero, i.e., Pav = 0

Thus the current in the circuit has no power. It

flows sometimes along the voltage and sometimes

against the voltage, so that the net work done per

cycle is zero.

20. (c) : At t = 0, inductor (L) offers an infinite resistance,

so no current flows through L and R1.

V

R2

At t = , inductor offers zero resistance, i.e., behaves

like a conducting wire. Thus,

V (R1 + R2 )

V

V

=

=

I=

Req R1R2 / (R1 + R2 )

R1R2

Thus, I =

21. (c) :

0 0

of c are [LT1].

22. (c) : I =

dq d

= (q0 sin2put) = q0 2pu cos2put

dt dt

23. (c)

24. (b) : Given, Ex = 0,

Ey = 2.5 N C1

cos[(2p 106 rad s1)t (p 102 rad m1)x],

Ez = 0. This shows that the wave is propagating

along x-axis. Comparing the given equation with

E = E0 cos (wt kx), we have

w = 2p 106

or 2pu = 2p 106 u = 106 Hz

2p

2p

and

= k = p 102 l =

= 200 m

l

p 102

or

I = uav c =

B0 =

power

energy/time

=

area

area

1 2

B0 c B0 =

20

20 I

c

2 (4 p 107 ) 2

= 1.3 107 T

3 108

Energy flux time area

U = (18 W cm2) (30 60 s) (20 cm2)

= 6.48 105 J

Total momentum delivered to the surface

U 6.48 105

p= =

= 2.16 103 kg m s1

c

3 108

27. (d) : As wavelength range of

microwaves is from 0.1 m to 1mm,

visible light is from 700 nm to 400 nm and

X-rays is from 1 nm to 103 nm

\ lm > lv > lx

28. (a) : Given, electric field associated with an

electromagnetic wave,

E = i 40 cos(kx 6 108t)

Comparing the given equation with

E = E0 cos(kx-wt), we have

w = 6 108 s1, v = c = 3 108 m s1

w

6 108 s 1

k= =

= 2 m1

v 3 108 m s 1

= (1.4 103) 5

solar constant area

\ Force =

speed of light

1.4 103 5

= 2.33 105 N

3 108

1

30. (c) : Poynting vector, P = [E B]

0

1

=

0

=

i

j

k

1

1

[3.6i 9.0 j]

40 16

32 =

=

0

4 p 107

0.1 0.04 0.145

=

107

[3.6i 9.0 j] W m2

4p

physics for you | MAY 16

nn

55

(a) Relative density

(b) Relative velocity

(c) Relative refractive index

(d) Relative permittivity

r falling through a viscous fluid varies with r such

that

(a) v/r = constant

(b) vr = constant

(c) vr2 = constant

(d) v/r2 = constant.

projection 30 for the projectile A and 45 for the

projectile B. If RA and RB are the horizontal ranges

for the two projectiles, then

(a) RA = RB

(b) RA > RB

(c) RA < RB

(d) the information is insufficient to decide the

relation between RA and RB.

water will boil at a temperature

(a) 100C

(b) > 100C

(c) < 100C

(d) will not boil at all.

a satellite of mass m revolving around a planet of

mass M to transfer it from a circular orbit of radius

R1 to another of radius R2 (R2 > R1) is

1

1

1 1

(a) GmM 2 2 (b) GmM

R1 R2

R1 R2

1 1

1

1 1

(c) 2GmM (d) GmM

2

R1 R2

R1 R2

4. Wires A and B are made from the same material. A

has twice the diameter and three times the length

of B. If the elastic limits are not reached when each

wire is stretched by the same tension, the ratio of

energy stored in A to that in B is

(a) 2 : 3 (b) 3 : 4

(c) 3 : 2 (d) 6 : 1

5. At critical temperature, the surface tension of a

liquid is

(a) zero

(b) infinity

(c) the same as that at any other temperature

(d) cannot be determined.

56

t x p

y = 4 sin p + . Which of the following is

5 9 6

correct? (Assume SI units)

(a) v = 5 cm s1

(b) A = 0.04 cm

(c) l = 18 m

(d) u = 50 Hz

9. A particle has two equal accelerations in two given

directions. If one of the acceleration is halved, then

the angle which the resultant makes with the other

is also halved. The angle between the accelerations

is

(a) 120 (b) 90

(c) 60

(d) 45

10. The amount of work done in stretching a spring

from a stretched length of 10 cm to a stretched

length of 20 cm is

(a) equal to the work done in stretching it from 20 cm

to 30 cm

(b) less than the work done in stretching it from 20 cm

to 30 cm

(c) more than the work done in stretching it from

20 cm to 30 cm

(d) equal to the work done in stretching it from 0 to

30 cm.

11. A body of mass m strikes a stationary body of mass

M and undergoes an elastic collision. After collision,

M/m is

(a) 1 : 2 (b) 2 : 1

(c) 1 : 3 (d) 3 : 1

12. A man throws the bricks to a height of 12 m where

they reach with a speed of 12 m s1. If he throws

the bricks such that they just reach that height, what

percentage of energy will be saved? (g = 9.8 m s2)

(a) 50% (b) 46%

(c) 38% (d) 32%

13. A can filled with water is revolved in a vertical circle

of radius 4 m and the water just does not fall down.

The time period of revolution will be

(a) 1 s (b) 10 s

(c) 8 s

(d) 4 s

14. The moment of inertia of a thin uniform annular

disc about one of the diameters is I. Its moment of

inertia about an axis perpendicular to the annular

surface and passing through its centre is

I

I

(a) 2 I (b) 2I

(c)

(d)

2

2

maximum values.

19. In Youngs double slit experiment, the central bright

fringe can be identified

(a) as it has greater intensity than the other bright

fringes

(b) as it is wider than the other bright fringes

(c) as it is narrower than the other bright fringes

(d) by using white light instead of monochromatic

light.

20. An optical fibre made of glass with a core of refractive

index of 1.55 and is clad with another glass with a

refractive index of 1.51. Launching takes place from

air. What is the value of critical angle for core-clad

boundary?

(a) 65 (b) 72

(c) 77

(d) 82

energy of rotational motion is 40% of its kinetic

energy of translation, then the body is

(a) cylinder

(b) ring

(c) solid disc

(d) solid sphere

the same material. The diameter of the rods are in

the ratio 1 : 2 and the lengths in the ratio 2 : 1. If

the temperature difference between the ends be

the same, then the ratio of the rates of flow of heat

through the two rods will be

(a) 1 : 1 (b) 1 : 2

(c) 2 : 1 (d) 1 : 8

the plates of a charge condenser is F. If one of the

plates of the condenser is removed then the force

acting on the same particle will become

(a) zero (b) F/2

(c) F

(d) 2F

of helium. What will be the ratio of specific heats

at constant pressure and constant volume for the

mixture?

(a) 6.76 (b) 1.52

(c) 4.21 (d) 1.48

at a distance d shown in figure, is

20 cm wire produces 5 beat s1. The beat frequency

does not change if the length of the wire is changed

to 21 cm. The frequency of the tuning fork must be

(a) 200 Hz

(b) 210 Hz

(c) 205 Hz

(d) 215 Hz

d

A

2e 0 A

d

4e 0 A

(c) 3 e0A/d

(d)

d

18. When the plane of the armature of an a.c. generator

is parallel to the field, in which it is rotating,

(a) both the flux linked and induced e.m.f. in the

coil are zero

(b) the flux linked with it is zero, while induced

e.m.f. is maximum

(c) flux linked is maximum while induced e.m.f. is

zero

(a) e0/d

(b)

proportional to the velocity. The unit of the constant

of proportionality is

(a) kg m s1

(b) kg m s2

1

(c) kg s

(d) kg s

25. Ultrasonics are used in SONAR with greatest

advantage because ultrasonics

(a) have low frequency

(b) have short wavelength

(c) are electromagnetic waves

(d) can be easily produced

physics for you | MAY 16

57

denoted by K and X respectively, then a material

suitable for use as a dielectric in a capacitor must

have

(a) high K and high X (b) high K and low X

(c) low K and high X (d) low K and low X

27. The figure shows a parallel circuit, in which the

wires have no resistance. As more identical resistors

are added to the circuit, the resistance between A

and B

R

R

A

increases and approaches infinity

decreases and approaches zero

decreases and approaches a non-zero value.

in region experiences no force. This implies that

(c) E = v B

(d) E = B v

due to a short magnet placed at the centre of earth

and oriented along magnetic south north direction.

The ratio of magnitude of magnetic field on earths

surface at magnetic equator to that at magnetic

poles is

(a) 1 : 2 (b) 2 : 1

(c) 1 : 4 (d) 4 : 1

30. In the circuit shown in figure, what will be the

reading of the voltmeter?

V

100 V

100 V

200 V, 100 Hz

58

(b) 900 V

(d) 400 V

which when passed through a resistor produces

heat, which is thrice that produced by a current of

2 A in the same resistor?

(a) 6 A

(b) 2 A

(c) 3.46 A

(d) 0.65 A

32. Electromagnetic radiation of frequency u, of

velocity c and wavelength l in air enters a glass slab

of refractive index m. The frequency, wavelength

and velocity of radiation in glass slab will be

c

u l

(a) , ,c

(b) u, l,

m

m m

l c

(c) u, ,

m m

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(a) 300 V

(c) 200 V

(d)

u l c

, ,

m m m

of holes in a semiconductor is 7/5 and the ratio of

current is 7/4, then the ratio of their drift velocities

is

(a) 5/8

(b) 4/5

(c) 5/4

(d) 4/7

34. A forward biased diode is

(a) 0 V

2V

(b) 4 V

3V

(c) 3 V

5V

(d) 2 V

+2V

35. A signal wave of frequency 12 kHz is modulated with

a carrier wave of frequency 2.51 MHz. The upper

and lower sideband frequencies are respectively

(a) 2512 kHz and 2508 kHz

(b) 2522 kHz and 2488 kHz

(c) 2502 kHz and 2498 kHz

(d) 2522 kHz and 2498 kHz

36. The velocity of the a-particle emitted from uranium

of atomic weight 238 is 1.4 107 m s1. The velocity

of the remaining nucleus is

1.4 107

(a)

4 m s 1 in the same direction

238

1.4 107

(b)

4 m s 1 in the same direction

234

1.4 107

(c)

4 m s 1 in the opposite direction

234

1.4 107

(d)

4 m s 1 in the opposite direction

238

one side appears at 5 cm and 2 cm from other side,

then thickness of slab is

(a) 3.75 cm

(b) 3 cm

(c) 10.5 cm

(d) 2.5 cm

38. The wavelength of radiation emitted is l0 when an

electron in hydrogen atom jumps from 3rd to 2nd

orbit. If in the hydrogen atom itself, the electron

jumps from fourth orbit to second orbit, then

wavelength of emitted radiation will be

25

27

(a)

l

(b)

l

16 0

20 0

16

20

(c)

(d)

l

l

25 0

27 0

39. Consider two nuclei of the same radioactive nuclide.

One of the nuclei was created in a supernova

explosion 5 billion years ago. The other was created

in a nuclear reactor 5 minutes ago. The probability

of decay during the next time is

(a) different for each nucleus

(b) nucleus created in explosion decays first

(c) nucleus created in the reactor decays first

(d) independent of the time of creation.

40. The half-life of a radioactive nucleus is 50 days. The

time interval (t2 t1) between the time t2 when

(2/3) of it has decayed and the time t1 when (1/3) of

it has decayed is

(a) 30 days

(b) 50 days

(c) 60 days

(d) 15 days

Directions : In the following questions (41-60), a statement

of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the

correct choice as :

(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the

correct explanation of assertion.

(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the

correct explanation of assertion.

(c) If assertion is true but reason is false.

(d) If both assertion and reason are false.

velocity is single valued while average speed can

have many values.

Reason : Velocity is a vector quantity and speed is

a scalar quantity.

42. Assertion : If a rod having resistance 4 W is turned

as half cycle, then its resistance along its diameter is

1.0 W.

hence resistance decreases.

43. Assertion : The energy of X-ray photon is greater

than that of light photon.

Reason : X-ray photon in vacuum travels faster

than light photon.

44. Assertion : Refractive index of a medium varies

inversely as the temperature of the medium.

Reason : Refractive index of a medium varies

directly as the density of medium.

45. Assertion : If ice cap of the pole melts, the day

length will shorten.

Reason : Ice will flow towards the equator and

decrease the moment of inertia of the Earth. This

increases the frequency of rotation of the Earth.

46. Assertion : Equal masses of helium and oxygen

gases are given equal quantities of heat. The rise in

temperature of helium is greater than that in the

case of oxygen.

Reason : The molecular mass of oxygen is more

than the molecular mass of helium.

47. Assertion : Two longitudinal waves given by

equations :

y1 (x, t) = 2a sin (wt kx), and

y2 (x, t) = a sin (2wt 2kx)

will have equal intensity.

Reason : Intensity of waves of given frequency in

same medium is proportional to the square of the

amplitude only.

48. Assertion : When a pendulum is made to oscillate on

the surface of the Moon, its time period increases.

Reason : Moon is much smaller as compared to

Earth.

49. Assertion : On a banked curved track, vertical

component of normal reaction provides the

necessary centripetal force.

Reason : Centripetal force is not always required

for turning.

50. Assertion : The logic gate NOT can be built using

diode.

Reason : The output voltage and input voltage of

the diode have 180 phase difference.

51. Assertion : Sky wave signals are used for long

distance radio communication. These signals are in

general less stable than ground wave signals.

physics for you | MAY 16

59

to hour, day to day and season to season.

52. Assertion : Charge never flows from a condenser of

higher capacity to the condenser of lower capacity.

Reason : Flow of charge is determined by the

charge.

53. Assertion : Absolute zero temperature is also a zero

energy temperature of gas molecules.

Reason : At absolute zero temperature molecules of

a gas come to rest, hence possess no energy of any

form.

AB

tan q = .

AB

Reason : A B is perpendicular to A B.

55. Assertion : A spaceship while entering the earths

atmosphere is likely to catch fire.

Reason : The temperature of upper atmosphere is

very high.

56. Assertion : The sun looks bigger in size at sunrise

and sunset than during day.

Reason : The phenomenon of diffraction bends

light rays.

57. Assertion: Only a change in magnetic flux will

maintain an induced current in the coil.

Reason: The presence of large magnetic flux

through a coil maintains a current in the coil if the

circuit is continuous.

58. Assertion : The resistivity of a semiconductor

increases with temperature.

Reason : The atoms of a semiconductor vibrate with

larger amplitude at higher temperatures thereby

increasing its resistivity.

59. Assertion : A thin stainless steel needle can lay

floating on a still water surface.

Reason : Any object floats when the buoyancy force

balances the weight of the object.

60. Assertion : Heavy water is a better moderator than

normal water.

Reason : Heavy water absorbs neutrons more

efficiently than normal water.

60

solutions

2

g

As u for both projectiles A and B are not given, hence

relation between RA and RB cannot be decided.

3. (d) : As

GMm

GMm

+ KE =

2R1

2R2

1

1

1

KE = GMm .

2

R1 R2

1

4. (b) : Energy stored = stress strain volume

2

1

stress

= stress

volume

2

Y

1 (stress)2

=

volume

2

Y

\

EA

=

EB

F

1

p(2D/2)2 3L

2

2Y p(2D/2)

2

1 F

p(D/2)2 L

2Y p(D/2)2

3

4

5. (a)

6. (d)

7. (b) : With increase in pressure deep down the mine,

boiling point of water increases, i.e., >100C.

t x p

8. (c) : y = 4 sin p +

5 9 6

Comparing this equation with

y = A sin (wt kx + f0),

p

2p p

k = or

= or l = 18 m

9

l 9

B sin q

A sin q

=

(A = B)

A + B cos q A + A cos q

sin q

=

...(i)

1 + cos q

(B / 2)sin q

sin q

...(ii)

tan =

=

2 A + (B / 2)cos q 2 + cos q

The equations are satisfied if q = 120

10. (b) : Work done in stretching a string from 10 cm to

20 cm,

1

1

W = k(x 22 x12 ) = k(202 102 ) = 150k,

2

2

Work done in stretching it from 20 cm to 30 cm

1

W = k(302 202 ) = 250 k W > W

2

9. (a) : tan =

u (m M )u1

(m1 m2)u1

, \ 1=

m+ M

3

m1 + m2

or m + M = 3 m 3 M

M 2 1

or 4 M = 2 m or

= =

m 4 2

12. (c) : The energy saved is kinetic energy of bricks.

KE

Percentage of energy saved =

100%

PE + KE

1 2

mv

v2

2

=

100% =

100%

1

2 gh + v 2

mgh + mv 2

2

122

=

100% 38%

2 9.8 12 + 122

13. (d) : Water does not fall down, when

m r w2 = mg

g 2p

w=

=

r T

11. (a) : As v1 =

T = 2p

r

22 4

=2

=4s

g

7 9.8

I = IAB + ICD = I + I = 2I

C

A

B

D

KE of rotation

40 2

=

=

KE of translation 100 5

1 2

1 2

Iw

Iw

2

2

2

= 2

= or I = mr 2

1 2 1

5

5

mv

m r 2w 2

2

2

Hence, the body is a solid sphere.

(b) : As one of the plates is removed. E becomes half,

therefore, F = qE will also become half i.e. F/2.

(b) : The arrangement is equivalent to two capacitors

joined in parallel.

\ C = 2 e0 A/d

(b) : f = NAB cos90 = 0

e = e0 sin90 = e0 = maximum. q is angle between

the field and normal to the plane of the coil.

(d) : When white light is used instead of

monochromatic light, the central bright fringe

becomes white, while other are coloured. Hence

distinction can be made.

15. (d) :

16.

17.

18.

19.

62

m1

1.55

21. (d) : The rate of flow of heat through the rod,

H = kA (dT/dx) = k(pD2/4) (T1 T2)/l,

H D2/l

2

Thus,

H1 D1 l2 1 1 1

=

=

=

H 2 D2 l1 2 2 8

n1 + n2

n

n

= 1 + 2

g 1 g1 1 g 2 1

Here, n1 = 3, n2 = 2, g1 = 7/5 and g2 = 5/3

31

= 1.48

21

23. (c) : ... ul = constant

(u 5) 21 = (u + 5)20

or u = 205 Hz

hence, we get g =

24. (c) : As F v, F = kv

[kg m s 2]

hence k = F =

= [kg s 1]

v

[m s 1]

25. (b) : Since the frequency of ultrasonic waves is

greater than audible sound, then their wavelength

will be shorter than the audible sound.

26. (a) : The material suitable for use as dielectric must

have high dielectric strength X and large dielectric

constant K.

27. (c) : The resistors in parallel will provide multiple

paths for the current. Due to it, the total resistance

will decrease and approach to zero when more

resistors in parallel are added.

28. (d) : Total Lorentz force on the charged particle q in

the electric and magnetic field is

F = qE + q(v B)

If F = 0, then qE + q(v B) = 0

or E = (v B) = B v

29. (a) : Point on magnetic equator is on equatorial line

of magnet and at poles, it is on axial line

\

Bequatorial 1 / 2 1

=

=

Baxial

1

2

As V = VR2 + (VL VC )2

\ 200 = VR2 + (100 100)2 = VR i.e., VR = 200 V

I rms = I 3 = 2 1.732 = 3.46 A

32. (c) : Frequency of radiation does not change with

change of medium. Wavelength and velocity of

radiation change with change of medium.

In medium, wavelength of radiation = l/m

velocity of radiation = c/m

33. (c) :

I e neeAv e

=

= (ne / nh )(v e / v h )

I h nheAv h

v e I e nh 7 5 5

=

=

=

v h I h ne 4 7 4

(a) : For a p-n junction to be forward-biased,

p-side must be at a higher potential than the n-side.

(0 V > 2 V, whereas 4 V < 3 V, 3 V < 5 V, 2 V < + 2V)

(d) : USB = 2.51 MHz + 12 kHz = 2510 kHz + 12 kHz

= 2522 kHz

LSB = 2.51 MHz 12 kHz = 2510 kHz 12 kHz

= 2498 kHz

(c) : a-particle has 4 units mass. Therefore, the

mass of remaining nucleus after a-emission

= 238 4 = 234. If v is the velocity of remaining

nucleus, according to law of conservation of linear

momentum, we have

238 0 = 4 1.4 107 + 234 v

4 1.4 107

or v =

m s 1

234

(c) : Total apparent depth, dA = 5 cm + 2 cm = 7 cm

As m = dR/dA, dR = mdA = 1.5 7 cm = 10.5 cm

or

34.

35.

36.

37.

1

1 1 5R

= R 2 2 =

l0

2 3 36

1

1 1 3R

,

and = R 2 2 =

l

2 4 16

l 5R / 36 20

20

\

or l = l 0

=

=

l 0 3R / 16 27

27

39. (d) : The probability of radioactive decay does

not depend on the time of creation of radioactive

material.

38. (c) : As

40. (b) : As N = N 0e lt

2

1

lt 2

i.e., = e lt 2

N 0 3 N 0 = N 0e

3

1

2

3

3

2 / 3 e lt1

=

or el(t2 t1) = 2

1 / 3 e lt 2

ln2

= T1/2 = 50 days

l

41. (b) : For a given interval of time, the body in motion

may go from one position to another through

different paths, where displacement in a given

time has one value but distance travelled can have

many values. Due to which, assertion is correct. The

reason is also correct but not a true explanation of

assertion.

or l(t2 t1) = ln 2 or t2 t1 =

...(i)

...(ii)

no change in the dimension of the rod, i.e., length

of the rod and its area of cross-section remains the

same. Hence, resistance of bent rod is equal to the

original resistance. Thus, assertion is wrong. As

resistance (R) l/A, thus reason is also wrong.

hc

43. (c) : Energy of a photon E = . As l for X-ray is

l

smaller than light, so energy of X-rays is greater

than that of light. Therefore, assertion is true. Here,

reason is false as X-rays and light travel with same

speed in vacuum.

44. (b) : With rise in temperature, density of medium

usually decreases. Therefore, refractive index of the

medium decreases. The reason is true, but it does

not explain the assertion correctly.

45. (d) : As the polar ice melts, it spreads out near the

axis of rotation of the Earth. On account of this,

moment of inertia (I) of Earth increases. Since there

is no external torque, L = Iw = I (2p/T) = constant.

With increase in I, T will increase, i.e., length of the

day will increase.

46. (b) : Heat given to helium is totally used up in

increasing the translation energy of its molecules

since it is a monoatomic gas. On the other hand,

in case of oxygen, which is a diatomic gas, heat is

used up in increasing the translational, rotational

and vibrational energies of its molecules. The rise

in temperature of a gas is due to only increase in

translational energy of its molecules.

47. (c) : As intensity, I w2A2

I1 w 2(2a)2

=

=1

I 2 (2w)2(a)2

As apart from A, intensity also depends on w (i.e.,

frequency u). So, assertion is true, reason is false.

value of g on Moon.

physics for you | MAY 16

63

component of normal reaction. Vertical component

balances the weight of the vehicle. Centripetal force

is required for turning. Both, assertion and reason

are false.

50. (d) : In diode, the output is in phase with the input.

Thus, it cannot be used to build NOT gate.

51. (a) : Since ionospheric properties change with

time, sky wave signals are in general less stable than

ground wave signals.

52. (d) : Charge flows from a body at higher potential

to the body at lower potential. A condenser of

higher capacity may be at higher potential. So the

charge may flow from it to the condenser of lower

capacity, which may be at lower potential. Therefore,

assertion and reason are wrong.

53. (d) : At absolute zero temperature, rms velocity of

gas molecules becomes zero i.e., molecules cease to

translate but they have potential energy. Thus, both

assertion and reason are false.

AB cos

AB

Thus assertion is wrong and (A B) is a vector

quantity and A B is a scalar quantity. Thus reason

is also wrong.

55. (c) : Here, assertion is true but the reason is false because

the spaceship while entering the earths atmosphere

may catch fire due to atmospheric air friction.

64

from the sun has to travel a longer distance to

reach the eyes. As only longer wavelengths can

reach the eyes, the angle subtended by the rays of

light on the retina is greater than that during the

day. Thats why the sun looks bigger during sunrise

and sunset.

57. (c) : Induced current (emf) in a coil is directly

proportional to the rate of change of magnetic flux

linked with the coil. If there is no change in the flux,

there is no induced current also.

58. (d) : With the increase of temperature, the average

energy exchanged in a collision increases and so

more valence electrons can cross the energy gap,

thereby increasing the electron-hole pairs. As in a

semiconductor, conduction occurs mainly through

electron-hole pairs, so conductivity increases with

increase of temperature. Which in turn implies that

the resistivity of a semiconductor decreases with

rise in temperature.

59. (b) : A thin stainless steel needle on a still water may

float due to surface tension as upward force due to

surface tension balances the weight of the needle.

60. (c) : The assertion is true because heavy water is

a better moderator than ordinary water. This is

because heavy water absorbs fewer neutrons than

normal water. The reason is false.

nn

OLYMPIAD

PROBLEMS

1. A submarine made of steel weighing 109 g has to

take 108 g of water in order to submerge when

the temperature of the sea is 10C. How much

less water it will have to take in when the sea is at

15C? (Coefficient of cubic expansion of sea water =

2 104 C1, coefficient of linear expansion of steel

= 1.2 105 C1)

(a) 1.20 102 g

(c) 7.91 104 g

The depth of water over the harbour bar is 4 meter

at low tide and 10 meter at high tide. Low tide is at

11:20 AM and high tide is at 5:40 PM. Assume that

the water surface moves in S.H.M.. The ship requires

a depth of 9.4 metre. At what earliest time can the

ship cross the bar so as to enter the harbour?

is the ionospheric layer moving? (Assume the Earth

is flat and ignore atmospheric disturbances.)

(a) 2.3 cm s1

(b) 3.2 cm s1

(c) 2.3 m s1

(d) 3.2 m s1

with water. The distances of the holes from the level

of water are h and h + H. Find the distances x and y

as shown in figure, where the streams flowing out of

the holes intersect. Assume that the level of water is

maintained in the vessel by regular supply of water.

A

B

C

D

(a) 12:49 PM

(c) 4:18 PM

(b) 2:30 PM

(d) 5:16 PM

simultaneously two signals from a transmitter

500 km away, one by a path along the surface of the

Earth, and one by reflection from a portion of the

ionospheric layer situated at a height of 200 km. The

layer acts as a perfect horizontal reflector. When the

frequency of the transmitted wave is 10 MHz, it is

observed that the combined signal strength varies

from maximum to minimum and back to maximum

x

y

H

P

(a) 2 h (H + h)

H + 2h

(b) 2 H (H + h)

H + 2h

(c) 2 h (H + 2h)

H + 2h

(d) 2 H (H + 2h)

H + 2h

density l2, and an infinitely long charged wire,

charge density l1, lie in a plane at right angles to

each other. The separation between the wires is r0.

Determine the force of interaction between the

wires.

(a)

(c)

l1 l2

ln 1 +

4 0

r0

l1 l2

ln 1 +

2 0

r0

(b)

(d)

l1 l2

ln 1

4 0

r0

l1 l2

ln 1

2 0

r0

65

++++

solutions

1. (d):

wV0g

++++

Shell

6. A solid conducting sphere

having a

charge Q is

Sphere

surrounded by an uncharged

+++

a Q

concentric conducting hollow

b

spherical shell. Let the potential

difference between the surface

of the solid sphere and that of

the outer surface of hollow shell be V. What will be

the new potential difference between the same two

surfaces if the shell given a charge 3Q?

+++

(a) V

(b) 2V

(c) 3V

(d) 4V

7. Non-relativistic protons move rectilinearly in the

region of space where there are uniform mutually

perpendicular electric and magnetic fields. The

trajectory of the protons lie in the plane X-Z as

shown in figure and forms an angle f with X-axis.

Find the pitch of the helical trajectory along which

the protons will move after the electric field is

switched off.

Mg = sV0 g = 109g

Mwg = 108g

rwV0 g = Mw g + Mg

rwV0 g = 108 g + 109 g

...(i)

rwV0 = 11 108

Condition when temperature rised from 10C to

15C.

rw V 0 g = rs V 0 g + mg

(a)

(c)

2 mE

qB

2 mE

qB

(b)

cos f

(d)

2 mE

qB 2

2 mE

qB 2

sin f

tan f

horizontal metal rails separated by 5 cm. A

vertically downward magnetic field of magnitude

0.800 T exists in the space. The resistance of the

circuit is slowly decreased and it is found that when

the resistance goes below 20 W, the wire PQ starts

sliding on the rails. Find the coefficient of friction.

(a) 0.12

(c) 0.36

66

(b) 0.50

(d) 0.78

...(ii)

rw V0 g = 109 g + mg

rw

, V 0 = V0 (1 + s DT )

Now, rw =

(1 + w DT )

w = 2 104 C 1, s = 3 s = 3 1.2 105C 1

DT = 5C,

rwV0 (1 + s DT )

\

...(iii)

= 109 + m

(1 + w DT )

Putting rwV0 from eqn. (i) in (iii), we get

11 108 (1 + s DT )

= 109 + m

(1 + w DT )

[1 + 5 3.6 10 5 ]

= 109 + m

[1 + 5 2 10 4 ]

11 108 (1 + 1.8 10 4 )

= 109 + m

(1 + 10 10 4 )

11 108

or

108 80.2 104 = m (1 + .001)

4

or 10 (10000 80.2) = m (1.001)

\

m = 99098901.1

So at this position, mass will be 99098901.1 g. So

finally reduction in the mass will be

= 108 99098901.1 = 901098.9 g

= 9.01 105 g

tide is half the time period of oscillation. Interval

between 11:20 AM and 5:40 PM is 380 minute.

Time period = 760 minute. Amplitude of oscillation

is 3 m. Centre of oscillation is at a height 7 m above

the bar.

Water is at half tide point after an interval of

T/4 = 190 minute, i.e., at 2:30 PM.

x = a sin wt

2

where,

a = 3 m, w =

=

.

760 380

The ship can cross the bar when the depth is 9.4 m,

i.e., x = 2.4 m

\

2.4 = 3 sin wt or sin wt = 0.8

380 1

t =

sin (0.8)

= 107.1 minute.

Hence the earliest time is 2:30 PM + 1 h 48 min,

i.e., at 4:18 PM.

3. (d) : Taking height of ionospheric layer H, length

of direct path on the Earths surface D, the path

difference between two routes is

Ionosphere

f =

2Hv u 2 D 2

H +

c

4

v=

fc 2 D 2

H +

2H u

4

1/ 2

(8 / 60) (3 108 )

(5 105 )2

5 2

2

10

(

)

+

2 2 105 107

4

1

= 3.2 m s

1/2

the range of the two streams are same. As the ranges

of liquid issuing from a depth h from the surface

and from the base is same, hence

CD = AB = h

y = H + h + h = H + 2h

or

2h

g

Velocity of water coming out of C,

t =

2g (H + h)

surface

1/ 2

1/2

dH

dt

2h

2 g ( H + h) = 2 h ( H + h)

g

5. (c) : Electric field near a long wire is given by

l

E=

20r

The second wire lies in the non-uniform field of

first wire. Each element of second wire experiences

=

D2

...(i)

Dx = 2 H 2 +

D

4

The fluctuation in intensity takes place due to

interference between the two signals arriving at

the receiver. Each time path difference Dx changes

by l (wavelength of the radiation), the received

signal strength will vary through one cycle, thus

the frequency of the observed fluctuation is

1 d(Dx ) u d (Dx )

...(ii)

f =

=

l dt

c dt

where u is the frequency of the radiation and c is

speed of light.

Differentiating the expression for path difference

Dx with respect to time gives

...(iv)

dH

is the vertical velocity of the layer.

dt

On solving the eqn. (iv) for v, we have

v =

d(Dx )

D2

= 2H H 2 +

4

dt

From eqns. (ii) and (iii),

1/ 2

where v =

H 2 + D2 / 4

67

...(iii)

Wire 1

1

x

r0

dx

l

Wire 2

your heart and intuition. They

somehow know what you truly

want to become.

Steve Jobs

Physics For you | may 16

67

a differential element dx, charge dQ = l2dx, at a

distance x from the long wire. The force acting on

this element dF is

l

dF = EdQ = 1 l 2 dx

2 0 x

The force acting on each element depends on x, the

separation between wires 1 and 2.

Integrating the expression for dF in the limits x = r0

to x = r0 + l, we obtain

r0 + l

F = r

l1l 2 dx l1l 2

l

=

ln 1 +

20 x 20 r0

shell respectively, potential at their surfaces will be,

1 Q

Vsphere =

4 0 a

1 Q

4 0 b

And so according to given problem

Q 1 1

V = Vsphere Vshell =

4 0 a b

Now when the shell is given a charge (3Q) the

potential at its surface and also inside will change by

Vshell =

and

V0 =

followed by the particle will be helical.

Pitch = v||T

...(i)

where v|| = vcos (90 f) = vsin f

Hence, from eq. (i)

2 m

...(ii)

Pitch = (v sin f)

qB

When both fields are present

qE = qv Bcosf

E

...(iii)

B cos f

Substituting the value of v from eq. (iii) in eq. (ii),

we get

2 m 2 mE

E

=

Pitch =

sin f

tan f

qB

B cos f

qB2

8. (a) : The wire starts sliding when magnetic force

on the wire overcomes friction force.

or

v=

mN = F mmg = IlB

6

m 10 103 10 = 5 102 0.8

20

or

m=

6 5 102 0.8

20 10 103 10

= 0.12

1 3Q

4 0 b

So, now

Vsphere =

and Vshell =

1 Q

+V

4 0 a 0

1 Q

+V

4 0 b 0

and hence

V sphere V shell =

Q 1 1

=V

4 0 a b

shell, the potential difference between

sphere and shell will not change. This

is because by presence of charge on

outer shell, potential everywhere

inside and on the surface of shell will

change by same amount and hence

potential difference between sphere

and shell will remain unchanged.

68

68

Exam

on

th

5 June

1. A coastguard ship locates a pirate ship at a distance

560 m. It fires a cannon ball with an initial speed

82 m s1. At what angle from horizontal the ball

must be fired so that it hits the pirate ship?

(Take g = 10 m s2)

(a) 54

(b) 125 (c) 28

(d) 18

2. A particle is projected vertically upwards from a

point A on the ground. It takes time t1 to reach a

point B, but it still continues to move up. If it takes

further time t2 to reach the ground from point B.

Then height of point B from the ground is

1

(a) g (t1 + t 2 )2

(b) gt1t2

2

1

1

(c) g (t1 + t 2 )2

(d) gt1t 2

2

8

3. A hollow cylinder has a charge q coulomb within it.

If f is electric flux in units of volt meter associated

with the curved surface B, the flux linked with the

plane surface A in units of volt meter will be

B

A

(a)

q

2e0

(b)

f

3

1 q

(c) f

(d) f

2 e0

e0

starts from rest and rolls down an inclined plane. If its

rotational kinetic energy is 4 J at the foot of the inclined

plane, then its linear velocity at the same point is

(a) 1.2 m s1

(b) 2 2 m s 1

(c) 20 m s1

(d) 2 m s 1

50 minutes and 100 minutes respectively. Initially

minutes what is the value of following fraction ? Number

of atoms of X unchanged/Number of atoms of Y

unchanged.

1

1

(a) 4

(b) 2

(c)

(d)

2

4

6. For the circuit shown in figure, the current through

the inductor is 0.9 A. While the current through

the capacitor is 0.4 A. The current drawn from the

generator is

C

(a) I = 1.13 A

L

(b) I = 0.9 A

(c) I = 0.5 A

(d) I = 0.6 A

7. A boy of mass 50 kg is standing on a weighing

machine placed on the floor of a lift. The machine

reads his weight in N. What is the reading of the

machine if the lift is moving upwards with a uniform

speed of 10 m s1? (Take g = 10 m s2)

(a) 510 N (b) 480 N (c) 490 N (d) 500 N

8. Two cells A and B are connected in the secondary

circuit of a potentiometer one at a time and the

balancing length are respectively 400 cm and

440 cm. The emf of the cell A is 1.08 V. The emf of

the second cell B is

(a) 1.08 V

(b) 1.188 V

(c) 11.88 V

(d) 12.8 V

9. A simple pendulum is executing SHM with a

period of 6 s between two extreme positions B and C

about a point O. If the length of the arc BC is 10

cm, how long will the pendulum take the move

from position C to a position D towards O exactly

midway between C and O.

(a) 0.5 s (b) 1 s

(c) 1.5 s

(d) 3 s

10. The critical angle of a transparent crystal is 45.

Then its polarising angle is

Physics For you | may 16

69

(a) q = tan 1 ( 2 )

(b) q = sin 1 ( 2 )

1

1

(c) q = cos 1

(d) q = cot ( 2 )

2

of radius R under the action of their mutual

gravitational attraction. The speed of each particle

with respect to their centre of mass is

Gm

Gm

(a)

(b)

R

4R

Gm

Gm

(d)

2R

3R

12. A man standing on a road has to hold his umbrella

at 30 with the vertical to keep the rain away.

He throws the umbrella and starts running at

10 km h1. He finds that raindrops are hitting his

head vertically. The actual speed of raindrops is

(a) 20 km h1

(b) 10 3 km h 1

(c)

(c) 20 3 km h 1

(d) 10 km h1

A

X

B

(c) NAND gate

(d) OR gate

It is pulled a side by a horizontal string so that it

makes an angle of 60 with the vertical. The new

reading of the balance is

(a) 20 kg wt

(b) 10 kg wt

(c) 10 3 kg wt

(d) 20 3 kg wt

15. A garden hose having an internal diameter 2.0 cm

is connected to a lawn sprinkler that consists of an

enclosure with 24 holes, each 0.125 cm in diameter.

If water in the hose has a speed of 90.0 cm s1, find

the speed of the water having the sprinkler hole.

(a) 860 cm s1

(b) 960 cm s1

1

(c) 760 cm s

(d) 660 cm s1

16. The radius of a thin wire is 0.16 mm. The area of

cross-section of wire in mm2 with correct number

of significant figures is

(a) 0.081

(b) 0.080

(c) 0.0804

(d) 0.080457

70

configuration at VC = 2 V such that a change in

the base current from 100 mA to 300 mA produces

a change in the collector current from 10 mA to

20 mA. The current gain is

(a) 75

(b) 100 (c) 25

(d) 50

18. 1% of 1012 Hz of a satellite link was used from

telephony. Find the number of channels (or

subscribers) if band width of each channel is

8 kHz.

(a) 2.5 107

(b) 1.25 107

8

(c) 2.5 10

(d) 1.25 106

19. A stone tied to the end of a string 80 cm long is

whirled in a horizontal circle with a constant speed.

If the stone makes 25 revolutions in 14 s, what is the

magnitude of acceleration of the stone?

(a) 60 m s2

(b) 100 m s2

2

(c) 110 m s

(d) 120 m s2

20. At 27 C, a gas is suddenly compressed such that

1

its pressure becomes

8

th

of original pressure.

3

current of 3 A. A coil of 10 turns and of radius 0.01 m

carries a current of 0.4 A. The torque required to

hold the coil with its axis at right angles to that of

solenoid in the middle part of it, is

(a) 6p2 107 N m (b) 3p2 107 N m

(c) 9p2 107 N m (d) 12p2 107 N m

22. A solid cylinder of mass 3 kg is rolling on a

horizontal surface with velocity 4 m s1. It

collides with a horizontal spring of force constant

200 N m1. The maximum compression produced

in the spring will be

(a) 0.5 m (b) 0.6 m (c) 0.7 m (d) 0.2 m

23. Two objects of mass 20 g and 30 g are connected by

a light rod of length 1 m and move in a horizontal

circle as shown in the figure. The speed of each is

2 m s1. What is the total angular momentum of the

objects about the centre?

(a) 0.05 kg m2 s1

(b) 0.01 kg m2 s1

30 g

20 g

(c) 0.15 kg m2 s1

1m

(d) 0.25 kg m2 s1

of perpendicular bisector. Then

E

E1

(a) E2 =

(b) E2 = 1

16

8

E1

E

(c) E2 =

(d) E2 = 1

4

8

25. The fundamental frequency of a sonometer wire

of length l is u0. A bridge is now introduced at a

distance Dl(<< l) from the centre of the wire. The

number of beats heard if both sides of the bridges

are set into vibration in their fundamental modes

are

Dl

Dl

(a) 4 u0

(b) 2u0

l

l

Dl

Dl

(c) 8u0

(d) u0

l

l

26. P-V diagram of a diatomic gas is a straight line

passing through origin. The molar heat capacity of

the gas in the process will be

(a) 4R

(d) 4R

A

2

2

2

2

(a) 2 W

(b) 4 W

(c) 1 W

(d) 6 W

magnetic flux density of 8p T in an iron rod. The

relative permeability of the rod will be

(a) 102

(b) 100 (c) 104

(d) 101

29. The period of oscillation of a mass 1.6 kg suspended

from a spring is 2 s. If along with it another mass

m kg is also suspended, the period of oscillation

increases by one second. The mass m will be

(a) 1 kg (b) 2 kg (c) 1.6 kg (d) 2.6 kg

30. Two bodies of masses m and 4m are placed at a

distance r. The gravitational potential at a point on

the line joining them where the gravitational field is

zero is

6Gm

(a) 4Gm

(b)

r

r

9Gm

(c)

(d) zero

r

31. The radii and Youngs moduli of two uniform wires

A and B are in the ratio 2 : 1 and 1 : 2 respectively.

Both wires are subjected to the same longitudinal

force. If the increase in length of the wire A is one

percent, the percentage increase in length of the

wire B is

(a) 1.0

(b) 1.5 (c) 2.0

(d) 3.0

7

of it decays

8

into Zn in 15 minutes. The corresponding half life is

(a) 7 1 minutes

(b) 5 minutes

2

(c) 15 minutes

(d) 10 minutes

together by means of light inextensible

string passed over a frictionless pulley

as shown in figure. When the bigger M/2

mass is released, the small one will

M

ascend with an acceleration of

g

3g

g

(a)

(b)

(c) g

(d)

3

2

2

34. A circuit has a resistance of 11 W, an inductive

reactance of 25 W and a capacitance reactance of

18 W. It is connected to an ac source of 260 V and

50 Hz. The current through the circuit is

(a) 11 A (b) 15 A (c) 18 A

(d) 20 A

35. Which of the following characteristics is not

associated with a ferromagnetic material?

(a) It is strongly attracted by a magnet.

(b) It tends to move from a region of strong magnetic

field to a region of weak magnetic field.

(c) Its origin is the spin of electrons.

(d) Above the Curie temperature, it exhibits

paramagnetic properties.

36. Light of certain colour has 2000 waves to the

millimetre in air. What will be the wavelength of

this light in medium of refractive index 1.25?

(a) 1000

(b) 2000

(c) 3000

(d) 4000

37. A coil of resistance 10 W and inductance 5 H is

connected to a 100 V battery. Then the energy

stored in the coil is

Physics For you | may 16

71

(a) 250 J

(c) 125 J

(d) 125 erg

to deliver 20 A at 120 V at the secondary coil. If

the efficiency of the transformer is 80%, the current

drawn from the line is

(a) 3 A

(b) 30 A (c) 0.3 A (d) 2.4 A

39. A radioactive nucleus of mass M emits a photon

of frequency u and the nucleus recoils. The recoil

energy will be

h2 u2

(a) Mc2 hu

(b)

2 Mc 2

(c) zero

(d) hu

microwaves, ultraviolet and gamma rays is

(a) microwaves, infrared, ultraviolet, gamma rays

(b) gamma rays, ultraviolet, infrared, microwaves

(c) microwaves, gamma rays, infrared, ultraviolet

(d) infrared, microwaves, ultraviolet, gamma rays

41. In the Davisson and Germer experiment, the

velocity of electrons emitted from the electron gun

can be increased by

(a) increasing the potential difference between the

anode and filament

(b) increasing the filament current

(c) decreasing the filament current

(d) decreasing the potential difference between the

anode and filament

42. In a hydrogen atom, the magnetic field at the centre

of the atom produced by an electron in the nth orbit

is proportional to

1

1

1

1

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 5

n

n

n

n

43. A force F acting on a body depends on its

displacement S as F S1/3. The power delivered by

F will depend on displacement as

(a) S2/3

(b) S1/3 (c) S0

(d) S5/3

44. A ball of mass m is moving towards a batsman with

a speed v. The batsman strikes the ball and deflects

it by an angle q without changing its speed. The

impulse imparted to the ball is

(a) mvsinq

(b) mvcosq

q

q

(c) 2mv sin

(d) 2mv cos

2

2

45. When a plastic thin film of refractive index 1.45 is

placed in the path of one of the interfering waves

then the central fringe is displaced through width

72

wavelength of light is 5890 , will be

(a) 6.54 104 cm

(b) 6.54 103 cm

5

(c) 6.54 10 cm

(d) 6.54 102 cm

46. An infinite number of charges each equal to 0.2 mC

are arranged in a line at distances 1, 2, 4, 8 .... metre

from a fixed point. The potential at the fixed point is

(a) 1800 V

(b) 2000 V

(c) 3600 V

(d) 2250 V

47. When a lens of refractive index m1 is placed in a

liquid of refractive index m2, the lens looks to be

disappeared only if

m

3

(a) m1 = 2

(b) m1 = m 2

2

2

5

(c) m1 = m2

(d) m1 = m2

2

1 1

48. Dimensions [ML T ] are related to

(a) torque

(b) work

(c) energy

(d) coefficient of viscosity

49. A Carnot engine whose efficiency is 40%, receives

heat at 500 K. If the efficiency is to be 50%, the source

temperature for the same exhaust temperature is

(a) 900 K (b) 600 K (c) 700 K (d) 800 K

50. A doubly ionized lithium atom is hydrogen like

with atomic number 3. Find the wavelength of the

radiation required to excite the electron in Li2+ from

the first to the third Bohr orbit. The ionization energy

of the hydrogen atom is 13.6 eV.

(Take hc = 1240 eV nm)

(a) 11.4 nm

(b) 10.7 nm

(c) 12.7 nm

(d) 13.4 nm

51. A rectangular vessel when full of water, takes 10 min

to be emptied through an orifice in its bottom. How

much time will it take to be emptied when half filled

with water?

(a) 9 min (b) 7 min (c) 5 min (d) 3 min

52. The work done by a force acting on a body is as

shown in the graph. The total work done in covering

an initial distance of 20 m is

20

15

F (in N)

10

5

0

(a) 225 J

10 15 20 25 30

S (in m)

(d) 175 J

light, fringes are obtained on a screen placed at some

distance from the slits. If the screen is moved by

5 102 m towards the slits, the change in fringe

width is 103 m. Then the wavelength of light used is

(Given that distance between the slits is 0.03 mm)

(a) 4000

(b) 4500

(c) 5000

(d) 6000

54. A mixture consists of n1 moles of a monoatomic

gas and n2 moles of diatomic gas, then the g of the

mixture is

5n1 + 7n2

n

(a) 1

(b)

3n1 + 5n2

n2

7n2 + 3n1

3n1 + 5n2

(c)

(d)

5n1 + 3n2

5n1 + 7n2

55. If the value of g at the surface of the earth is 9.8 m s2,

then the value of g at a place 480 km above the

surface of the earth will be

(Radius of the earth is 6400 km)

(a) 8.5 m s2

(b) 9.8 m s2

2

(c) 7.2 m s

(d) 4.2 m s2

What is the value of P2 + Q2?

(a) 2(A2 + B2)

(b) 2(A2 B2)

2

2

(c) A B

(d) A2 + B2

between points A and B

as shown in the figure.

Here C1 = C2 = 20 mF and

C3 = C4 = 10 mF

(a) 10 mF

(b) 15 mF

(c) 20 mF

(d) 25 mF

ANSWER Keys

1.

6.

11.

16.

21.

26.

31.

36.

41.

46.

51.

56.

(c)

(c)

(b)

(b)

(a)

(c)

(c)

(d)

(a)

(c)

(b)

(a)

2.

7.

12.

17.

22.

27.

32.

37.

42.

47.

52.

57.

(d)

(d)

(a)

(d)

(b)

(c)

(b)

(a)

(d)

(c)

(b)

(c)

3.

8.

13.

18.

23.

28.

33.

38.

43.

48.

53.

58.

(d)

(b)

(d)

(d)

(a)

(c)

(a)

(a)

(c)

(d)

(d)

(d)

4.

9.

14.

19.

24.

29.

34.

39.

44.

49.

54.

59.

(b)

(b)

(a)

(b)

(b)

(b)

(d)

(b)

(d)

(b)

(b)

(b)

5.

10.

15.

20.

25.

30.

35.

40.

45.

50.

55.

60.

(d)

(a)

(b)

(d)

(c)

(c)

(b)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(b)

medium of permeability m and permittivity e is

1

1

1

1

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

me

2me

2me

me

58. Magnetic field at the centre of a circular loop of area

A is B. The magnetic moment of the loop will be

2

3/ 2

(a) BA

(b) BA

m0 p

m0 p

(c)

BA3/2

m0 p1/2

(d)

2 BA3/2

m0 p1/2

released from rest with the

spring initially stretched 75 mm.

Calculate the velocity v of the

block after it has dropped 12 mm.

The spring has a spring constant

1050 N m1. Neglect the mass of

the pulley.

(a) 0.271 m s1

(b) 0.371 m s1

1

(c) 2.71 m s

(d) 3.71 m s1

1. Mohit Gupta (New Delhi)

2. Anusha Kotak (Odisha)

3. Disha Mondal (Madhya Pradesh)

1. Deeraj Pandey (Uttar Pradesh)

2. Bittu Meena (Uttar Pradesh)

3. Saundarya P (Tamil Nadu)

73

What do you expect when a parallel beam of

monochromatic light is made to strike a slit (whose

dimension is comparable to wavelength) on a

screen?

The answer appears obvious, i.e. through the slit light

will pass through while from the remaining portion it

would be blocked.

Screen

Slit

Light

Screen

Reality

Alternate illuminated

(bright fringes) and dark

regions with the intensity

of bright fringes decreasing

as we move away from the

central bright fringe.

beyond the slit too, i.e., light bends on striking the slit

to reach regions which would have been impossible to

reach, had it travelled in a straight line.

The alternate bright and dark fringes suggest that

interference is also taking place. But unlike interference,

diffraction is a complicated phenomenon since here we

have infinite number of point sources within the slit

from which light waves are reaching on the screen.

the most intense and wide fringe while for secondary

bright fringes the intensity decreases so largely that the

bright fringes become almost undetectable beyond 3

to 4 fringes on either side of central maxima.

We can mathematically calculate the approximate

locations of these fringes by using the concept of half

period zones (HPZs).

Each HPZ is a zone on the slit from the top and bottom

of which if we consider two rays, there will be a path

difference of l/2 (half period) between them.

To find out the locations of

1. Dark fringes - we divide the slit width into even

number of HPZs.

2. Bright fringes - we divide the slit width into odd

number of HPZs.

Why do we do so will be answered gradually in the

sections ahead.

Location of 1st dark fringe

Considering slit width = b

\ b = 2 HPZs

74

in the figure is l/2 (definition of HPZ).

b/2

b/2

x

x

1

3

2

4

l

and 2 is , therefore for every ray 3 chosen between

2

ray 1 and 2, there will be another ray 4 with which it

will have a path difference of l/2. Hence we can see

that the waves coming out from one HPZ undergoes

destructive interference with another HPZ beneath it.

Therefore, at the location P on the screen we get the

first dark fringe for which the condition would be

b

l

x = sin q1d =

b sin q1d = l

2

2

If q1d is very small, then sinq1d q1d

lD

y

\ b q1d = l b 1d = l y1d =

b

D

Till this location from the centre of the screen on either

side, we would get a gradually decreasing intensity,

with maximum intensity at the centre.

Hence the width of central maxima is

2lD

Wc = 2 y1d Wc =

b

Angular fringe width of the central maxima is the

angular separation between the two extremities of the

central maxima as seen

from the slit.

\ If Wc << D, then

W 2l

qc = c =

D

b

Location of 2nd dark fringe

Slit width = b = 4 HPZs

interference with the 2nd and 3rd with the 4th. So finally

we don't have any light source (secondary wavelets)

whose waves stand without undergoing destructive

interference with any other. So we get a dark fringe.

From diagram,

b

l

x = sin q2d = (definition of HPZ)

4

2

\ bsin q2d = 2l

\ Now we generalise and say, that for the location

of nth dark fringe,

Slit width = 2n HPZs

l

b

sin qnd =

\

b sin qnd = nl

2n

2

where qnd is angular position of the point on the screen

(where nth dark fringe is formed) measured with respect

to centre of the slit.

Similarly, for location of bright fringes we divide the

slit width into odd number of HPZs. This is done since,

one HPZ undergoes destructive interference with the

other while there would be one HPZ left over at last

which will stand alone. Hence the intensity will be

non-zero on the screen due to it. One more advantage

is that as we move towards higher order maxima, the

width of that single HPZ left over goes on decreasing

due to which we have less number of secondary sources

whose intensity will be seen for higher order maxima

which explains the decrease in the intensity for higher

order maxima.

Ist secondary maxima (bright fringe)

\ From diagram,

3l

b

l

b sin q1B =

x = sin q1B =

2

3

2

\ Generalising, for nth order secondary maxima,

slit width = (2n + 1) HPZs

l

b

l

sin qnB =

\

b sin qnB = (2n + 1)

2n + 1

2

2

Note that the results for location of bright and dark

fringes are just the reverse of the results of Young's

double slit experiment (YDSE).

Physics For you | may 16

75

diffraction through single slit is that we get large number

of fringes of almost equal intensity in YDSE whereas

in diffraction beyond 3rd to 4th order bright fringe the

intensity decreases to such a large extent that it almost

becomes invisible.

Hence, the angular position q of the bright/dark fringes

y

in YDSE is generally small for which sin q q

can

D

easily be used but in diffraction the angular position

in numericals are large, such as 30 for which sinq q.

Hence be careful on this front while solving

numericals.

Diffraction through circular aperture

small hole of dimensions

comparable to wavelength

then the waves get diffracted

Screen

from the entire periphery

of the circle and hence the

f r i n g e s for m e d on t h e

screen are circular and alternately bright and dark with

gradually decreasing intensity of the bright fringes.

The central bright fringe is the most intense bright

fringe and is known as airy disc.

From side view if we redraw the set up we can see :

minima is formed at angular position,

1.22l r

q=

(2a) D

Images formed by lens are also diffraction images, since

the aperture of the lens is circular. Hence if two point

objects are placed very close to each other, their airy

disc image might overlap with each other and hence we

would not be able to resolve (differentiate) them.

Rayleigh lays a criterion for resolvability and says that

if the airy disc images formed are such that the centre

of one airy disc coincides with the first minima, i.e.,

the boundary of the other airy disc, they would be

said to be just resolved. For better clarity let us try to

understand this with a pictorial representation.

76

I2

O1

O2

I1

objects O1 and O2 but due to diffraction from boundary

of lens, airy disc images are formed and when viewed

different situations may arise as below:

I2

I1

Clearly resolved

images (since they

don't overlap)

I2

I1

Even though slightly

overlapped but is

considered to be

resolved

I2

I1

Just resolved

(According to

Rayleigh)

objects, separation between airy disc image also

decreases and hence this puts a limit on how close we

can place so that they can be resolved.

Two point objects separated by an angle q are said to

be resolved if

1.22 l

,

q

d

where d is diameter of aperture of lens.

The equality hold for just being resolved.

Limit of resolution of a telescope or human eye is

defined as the smallest angular separation at which

two point objects may be kept such that they can be

just resolved (according to Rayleigh criterion).

1.22l

\ qmin =

d

where d = diameter of objective lens in telescope or

diameter of eye lens in human eye.

Note that for human eye limit of resolution is

approximately

1

1

1 = 1 =

rad

60

60 180

Resolving power of any optical instrument is just the

inverse of limit of resolution. Hence greater the limit

of resolution, lesser is the resolving power.

nn

77

JEE Advanced

PRACTICE

PRACTICE PAPER

PAPER 2016

2016

paper-2

q0 16

=4V

=

C 4

emf of the battery, e = 24 V

Time constant, t = RC =(4 W) (4 F) = 16 s

Equation of discharge q = q0et/t

t

4 C = (16 C) e 16

t = 32 ln2 s

3 32 ln 2

3t

=4

=

\

e ln 2

24 ln 2

2. (9) : Path difference between rays reflected from

upper and lower faces of layer = 2 t cos r = 2 t

(for normal incidence). But there is abrupt change

of l/2 in path of light at upper surface. So actual

path difference is 2 t l/2

l

For constructive interference, 2 t

= nl

2

(2n + 1)l

. For least thickness n = 0.

t=

= 1.8

4m

l

648

= 1.5

\ tmin =

nm = 90 nm

=

4 m 4 1. 8

= 9 108 m

3. (4) : The particle will come out of the magnetic

field at an angle q = 60 with the original direction.

Y

x=

3

R

2

v vm

340 10

330

=

85 =

4. (5) : uA = u

Hz

+

v

v

v

340 10 + 10

4

m

s

v + vm

340 + 10

350

=

85 =

uB = u

Hz

v

v

v

340 + 10 10

4

m

s

ubeat = uB uA =

350 330 20

=

= 5 Hz

4

4

4

T1 = 32 C

78

32 S 50 + 150 S 40 = 200 S T2

T2 = 38 C

200 S 32 + 50 S 38 = 250 S T3

T3 = 33.2 C

33.2 S 50 + 150 S 38 = 200 S T4

T4 = 36.8 C

36.8 S 50 + 200 S 33.2 = 250 S T5

T5 = 33.92 C

6. (3) : From continuity equation; A1v1 = A2v2

4v1 = v2

(i)

2

2

rv

rv

From Bernoulli's equation, 1 = 2 rgh (ii)

2

2

1

4

1

Solving (i) and (ii); v1 = m s , v2 = m s1

5

5

2

6 103

Total volume of wasted water = p

v

2 1

1

= p 9 106 = 5.65 106 m3 s1

5

= 5.65 cm3 s1 = 5.65 103 L s1

7. (6) : We have to find the time at which

lANA = lBNB

ln 2

ln 2 l Bt

l At

T (4 N 0 e ) = (N 0 ) T (e )

A

B

( l l )t

ln 2 ln 2

t = 3 ln(2) t = 6 min.

1

2

8. (6) : Let the maximum speed be v.

P = (mg sinq + mg cosq)v

P

v=

mg sin q + mmg cos q

60

=

= 6 m s1

3 1

4

1 10 + 1 10

5 2

5

9. (c)

10. (b) : Suppose at some instant the particle is at radial

distance r from centre of earth O. Since, the particle

is constrained to move along the tunnel, we define

its position as distance x from C. Hence, equation of

motion of the particle is,

max = Fx

The gravitational force on mass m at distance r is,

GMmr

F=

(towards O)

R3

GMmr x

Therefore, Fx = F sinq =

R3 r

GMm

=

x

R3

x-axis

Further,

GMm

GM

max =

x or ax = 3 x

3

R

R

\ Time period of oscillation is,

x

R3

T = 2p

= 2p

ax

GM

The time taken by particle to go from one end to the

T

other is .

2

\

t=

T

R3

=p

2

GM

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1

v = 20 cm

= ; = =

=

v u f v 20 10 20 20

v 20

Magnification, m = =

=2

u 10

Height of image = 1.5 2 = 3 cm

The y1 coordinate of a point A on the image will be

y1 = (0.5) 2 = 1 cm

The y2 coordinate of a point B on the image will be

y2 = 1 2 = 2 cm

12. (d) : The front view of the arrangement is shown in

figure.

IBl

IBl

IBl

= tanq

ma = IBl cosq mg sinq N

N = mg cosq + IBl sinq

IBl sin2 q

IBl

cosq 2g sinq

a=

m cos q

m

IBl cos 2q

=

2g sinq

m cos q

1 2 1 IBl cos 2q

2 g sin q t2

Now, s = at =

2

2 m cos q

1242 eVnm

=72.21 103 eV = 72.21 keV

E=

0.0172 nm

Energy of Ka line is

hc 1242 eVnm

EK a =

=

= 59.14 keV

la

0.021 nm

1242

Similarly, EKb =

= 64.69 keV

0.0192

1242

= 69 keV

EK =

0.0180

Energy of K shell = (EK a E )

= (59.14 72.21) KeV = 13.07 keV

Energy of L shell = EKb E

= 64.69 keV 72.21 keV = 7.52 keV

Energy of M shell = EK E

= 69 keV 72.21 keV = 3.21 keV

14. (c) : The block moves along AB with a velocity

of 120 cm s1, in between the springs. Since AB is

a smooth table, the journey from D to C or from

C to D is performed with the uniform speed of

120 cm s1. There is neither an acceleration nor a

retardation in this region.

The block moves to right and compresses the spring

along DB. The spring offers restoring force and the

block comes back to D. Thus half of oscillation is

completed in this journey. Let the time be t1.

For a spring, T = 2p

\

t1 =

T

2

2p 0.2

2

3.2

= 0.785 s

or

t2 =

60

120

Distance DC

= 0.5 s

velocity

or

t3 =

T

2

2p 0.2

2

1.8

= 1.05 s

79

is not in thermal equilibrium but heat is flowing at

constant rate.

t4 =

60

120

= 0.5 s

= t1 + t2 + t3 + t4

Time period = 0.785 + 0.5 + 1.05 + 0.5

\ Period of oscillation = 2.83 s approximately.

lplate

65 4 10 3

dQ

=

= 0.2 K

DTplate =

dt K plate A

1 1. 3

clockwise direction, in the loop.

2 r 3 r

P'Q' = 2P'O =

=

tan 60 4 2

dQ

lair 65 18 103 1

dt

Kair =

=

= W m1K1

1.3 12.6

14

ADTair

r

For equilibrium, mg = I B

2

2mg

I=

rB

If loop is displaced by x,

F = Restoring force

2 r 3

+ x B + mg

= I

tan 60 4

=

IrB

2 IB

2 IB

+ mg

x=

.x

2

3

3

a=

\

16. (a)

m 3

x

1

r 3 2

m 3

Time period, T = 2p

= p

2 IB

g

PHYSICS

MUSING

the temperature is less than 0C. If the thickness

of the ice layer formed on the surface grows

from 2 cm to 4 cm in 1 hour, the atmospheric

temperature will be (Thermal conductivity of ice,

K = 4 103 cal cm1 s1 C1, density of ice = 0.9 g cc1.

Latent heat of fusion of ice = 80 cal g1. Neglect the

change of density during the state change. Assume

that the water below the ice has 0C temperature

every where.)

(a) 20 C

(b) 0 C

(c) 30 C

(d) 15 C

9. A particle is projected from a point (0, 1) on yaxis

(assume +y direction vertically upwards) aiming

80

19. (d)

20. (a) : Considering the F.B.D. of ball in its final

position,

qV

mg tanq = 1

d

C1V 2

mg tan q =

d

2

C1 C0V0

mg tanq =

d C0 + C1

C + C1 mgd tan q

V0 = 0

C0 C1

2 IB

1/ 2

C + C1 mgd d 2

= 0

C0 C1 L2 d 2

C

m

V0 = 1 + 1

C

0 2 3C1

in 1 s. Take g = 10 m s2 and all coordinates are in

metres. Find the xcoordinate where it fell.

(a) (3, 0)

(b) (4, 0)

(c) (2, 0)

(d) (2 5 , 0)

10. The molar heat capacity C for an ideal gas going

a

through a process is given by C = , where a is a

T

C

constant. If = P , the work done by one mole of

CV

gas during heating from T0 to hT0 will be

1

(a) a ln h

(b)

a ln h

h 1

RT

(c) a ln h

1 0

(d) a ln h ( 1)RT0

Hidden Celestial Body Triggers Comet Showers, Affecting Us

mysterious, hidden planet that could be sitting on the edge of our solar system

might be linked with periodic extinctions on Earth, according to a researcher.

The planet might trigger comet showers, bringing huge extinction events,

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Planet 9 has been said by some to exist for years, with two scientists, in recent

months, claiming to have found strong evidence on its existence. If those

researchers are correct, then Planet 9 would be 10 times as big as Earth and 1,000

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around the solar system, it passes through the Kuiper Belt -an area of the outer solar system full

of icy objects -every 27 million years, knocking comets towards us and into the inner solar system.

Once they arrive there, they can smash into the Earth and reduce the sunlight getting to us, potentially

leading to the extinction events, the researchers claim.

cientists have developed the worlds smallest diode the size of a molecule, a breakthrough that may help develop molecular

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Demand for more computing power is pushing limitations of present day methods. This has fueled the need for

molecules with interesting properties and find ways to establish reliable contacts between molecular components and

bulk materials in an electrode, in order to mimic electronic elements at molecular scale.

It is a milestone in the development of molecular electronic devices and it may provide a way to overcome

Moores Law, said Yoni Dubi, a researcher in Israel.

Researchers took a DNA molecule constructed from 11 base pairs and connected it to an electronic circuit

a few nanometres in size. When they measured the current through the molecule, it did not show any

special behaviour.

However, when layers of a molecule called coralyne, were inserted between layers of DNA,

the behaviour of the circuit changed drastically and the current jumped to 15 times larger

negative vs positive voltages a necessary feature for a nano diode. We have constructed

a molecular rectifier by intercalating specific, small molecules into designed DNA strands, said

Bingqian Xu, from the University of Georgia.

$2.6tn

cientists are preparing for a solar storm that could break communications for years and potentially

put life on Earth in danger. Such a possibility is referred to as a low probability but high-impact event

that is being planned for by agencies including the US department of homeland security and Nasa.

An event like the infamous Carrington Event of 1859, which caused one of the worst known

geomagnetic storms, would throw off much communications technology if it happened today.

If such an event were to hit the Earth, it could stop communications satellites from working,

break GPS systems and stop planes from flying. It could also lead to even more lasting problems,

like wiping out data from computers memory . Estimates from Lloyds of London suggest that

fixing all of the problems could cost between $600 billion and $2.6 trillion.

We know there is a gap in our ability to assess vulnerability and consequences, said Jack Anderson, a

senior analyst for the US department for homeland security , at a conference held to plan for the big one in

storm events. Once systems start to fail, (the outages) could cascade in ways we cant even conceive, said Daniel

Baker, director of the laboratory for atmospheric and space physics at the University of Colorado.

Physics for you | april

16: The Times of 81

Courtesy

India

Potential outside,

solution set-33

1. (a) : E =

Qx

Q / 16

7. (a,d) : T = 2

R

, E is minimum.

2

2. (c) : Radius should be (r2 r1)

mv

v

As r =

\ (r2 r1 ) =

sB

qB

At x =

I

= Nevd

A

I

2.56

\ vd =

=

ANe 106 8 1028 1.6 1019

= 2 104 m s1

8. (a) : J =

3. (c) : E1 =

...(i)

...(ii)

Hence, t =

9. (a) :

s I

= (r1 r2 )

e0 A

sA = Ie0(r1 r2)

4. (a) : I = neAvd

I

J = = nevd

A

eE

sE = ne

m

\

sm

ne 2

KQ

(r > R)

r

m

, so quadrupling the mass does

k

double the period. 1st statement is true. However,

frequency and amplitude are independent of one

another. So the 2nd statement is false. Doubling

1

the amplitude means energy = kA2 goes up

2

by 4, so the 3rd statement is false.

2

4 3

R 3e0 4 e0 x

3

dE

=0 Q 1 2 = 0

3

3

dx

4 e0 R

16 x

I

I

r1 and E2 = r2

A

A

s

I

= r

E0 +

2e 0 A 1

s

I

E0 +

= r2

2e 0

A

From (i) and (ii)

KQ

(r < R)

R

\

=

...(i)

(From (i))

( J = sE)

1.0 102

2 104

1 Ne 2

=

r

m

m

=

r Ne 2

(1.6 10

1014

= 50 s

9.11031

2.56

E = rJ = 1.6 108

106

3

1

= 40 10 V m

\

V = Es = 80 mV

q2

106

=

= 101 J

2C 2 5 106

5

The fraction lost in 500 W is of total, so

8

5 1 1

H= = J

8 10 16

1

\ 3200 H = 3200 = 200 J

16

82

Set-33

1.

2.

3.

Set-32

1.

2.

nn

Readers can send their responses at editor@mtg.in or post us with complete address by 25th of every month to win exciting prizes.

Winners' name with their valuable feedback will be published in next issue.

ACROSS

3.

5.

6.

7.

10.

14.

15.

19.

21.

23.

25.

27.

28.

A region on a radiation pattern

representing enhanced response of an

aerial. [4]

Work measured in terms of the quantity of

heat to which it is equivalent. [5]

Solid carbon dioxide, used as a refrigerant.

[3, 3]

A telephone transmitter and receiver

mounted in a single holder. [7]

An optical system that produces a beam of

parallel light. [10]

Waves of small amplitude on the surface

of a fluid. [7]

A series of nuclear transformations

initiated by a single nuclear fission. [5, 8]

A line on a diagram joining points of equal

flux density. [8]

The variation of the inclination of the axis

of a gyroscope to the vertical. [8]

A nickel-copper alloy that has high

resistivity. [10]

The aspect of a structure that renders that structure

distinguishable from its mirror image. [9]

CGS unit of kinematic viscosity. [6]

DOWN

two places at opposite high potential. [5]

2. SI unit of amount of substance. [4]

3. A hypothetical component of a quark. [5]

4. A pair of closely spaced lines in a spectrum. [7]

6. A prefix denoting 1018. [3]

8. The study of the production and effects of very low

temperatures. [10]

9. Microwave amplification by stimulated emission of

radiation. [5]

11. Ease of detection of a sound by ear. [10]

1.

13. An optical illusion created by the refraction of light.

[6]

18. The maximum demand on a power generating source.

[4, 4]

24. Nucleus of a tritium atom. [6]

26. A material with a strong chemical affinity for other

materials. [6]

nn

85

86

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