Anda di halaman 1dari 79

MIDAS

Technical
Material

Tutorial
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

00
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge
Overview
- A two span of 22.8m long composite bridge consisting of five precast, post tensioned girder beams
spaced at 3m centers are generated using beam elements with defined construction stages.
- The behavior of the bridge under Static loads, Prestress loads and Moving loads are examined

In this tutorial we will learn the following things;


- How to generate composite sections in midas Civil.
- How to assign static and prestress load in midas Civil.
- How to define moving load as per IRC 6:2000 in midas Civil.
- How to define construction stages in midas Civil.
- How to define composite section for construction stages in midas Civil.
- How to interpret the tendon losses, forces, stresses represented by midas Civil.
Program Version
Revision Date

Civil 2015 (v1.1)


Feb. 15, 2015

Step

00

Specifications of the Bridge

Bridge Type:
Span Length:
Width:
Moving Loads:
Time Dependent Material:

PSC composite bridge (Composite I + girder)


22.8-m, 2-Span
15 m
IRC-6:2000
IRC-112:2011

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

00

General Arrangement Detail of the Bridge

3D View of the Model generated in midas Civil

3m
0.25m
0.15m

0.15m
0.50m

0.50m

0.10m
1.20m

0.30m
0.10m

1.
m

0.025
m

0.15m
0.45m

0.45m

Mid Section

End Section
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

00

General Arrangement Detail of the Bridge

Structural sections
Expansion Gap between the 2 spans is 40mm.
Girders are spaced 3m c/c.

Support
Section

Tapered
Section

Mid Section

0.45
m

0.3m

7.2m
1.5m

2.0m

^U`m

Half Girder Elevation


2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Generating Model

Model Generation Define


Units

Invoke midas Civil


1

Open New File

Select the Unit System [ kN, m]

Save as 2-Span PSC Bridge

.
2

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Material Properties
4

Model Generation Material


Properties
1

Go to Properties

Click on Material Properties

Click on Add to define materials

Define Material data:

1
2

Name > M40


Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > IS (RC)
DB: M40
Click on Apply
Name > M30
Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > IS (RC)
DB: M30
Click on Apply
Name> Tendon
Type of Design: Steel
Steel Standard: IS(S)
DB: Fe540
Click on Apply

Name > Dummy


Type of design: User defined
Standard: None
Modulus of elasticity: 2.7386e7
Poissons ratio: 0.2
Thermal Coefficient: 1e-5
Weight density: 0
Click on OK

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Time Dependent Material Properties

Model Generation Time


Dependent Material Properties
1

Change unit system [ N, mm ]

Go to Properties

(Creep/Shrinkage)

Click on Add to define properties

Define Creep / Shrinkage data:


Name > M40 C&S
Code > INDIA (IRC:112-2011)
Compressive strength of concrete at
the age of 28 days > 40 N/mm2
Relative Humidity of ambient
environment (4099) > 70
Notational size of member > 1000mm
Age of concrete at the beginning of
shrinkage > 3 days
Click on Apply

Name > M30 C&S


Code > INDIA (IRC:112-2011)
Compressive strength of concrete at
the age of 28 days > 30 N/mm2
Other data are same as above
Click on Apply

2
3

Click on Show Result to see the


graph
Note: To get the creep & shrinkage strains, the value of relative humidity is to be considered as 70%, Notational size of member, h as
1000mm and Age of concrete at the beginning of shrinkage as 3 days. Later, the h value would be automatically updated for
composite sections

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Time Dependent Material Properties

Model Generation Time


Dependent Material Properties
1

Go to Properties

Click on Comp. Strength

Click on Add to define properties

Define Compressive Strength data:


Name > M40 Comp
Type > Code
Development of Strength > Code >
INDIA (IRC:112-2011)
Mean compressive strength of
concrete at age of 28 days
(fck+delta_f) > 50N/mm2
Click on Redraw Graph
Click on OK

5
6

Click on Add
Name > M30 Comp
Type > Code
Development of Strength > Code >
INDIA (IRC:112-2011)
Mean compressive strength of
concrete at age of 28 days
(fck+delta_f) > 40N/mm2
Click on Redraw Graph
Click on OK

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Time dependent Material Link


3

Model Generation Time


Dependent Material Link
1

Go to Properties

Click on Material Link

Time Dependent Material Link Data


4

Creep/Shrinkage > M40 C&S

Comp. Strength > M40 Comp

Double click on M40 under

4
2
5

Materials to shift it to the Selected


Materials list
7

Click on Add / Modify

Creep/Shrinkage > M30 C&S


Comp. Strength > M30 Comp
Double click on M30 under
Materials to shift it to the Selected

Materials list
7

Click on Add / Modify

Click on Close

Any time during the modeling, analysis


and design stage, invoking F1 key
takes you to web help.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

10

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section
1
4

Model Generation Defining


Girder Support Section

5
2

Change unit system [ KN, m ]

Go to Properties > Section


Properties

Click on Add..

Click on tab Composite

Define End Section:

Name > Girder Support


Section Type > Composite-I
Slab Width > 15m
Girder : Num > 5
Girder : CTC > 3m (C/c beam spacing)
Slab: Bc > 3m, tc > 0.25, Hh > 0
Click on Symmetry
See the PSC Viewer and enter the
section dimension parameters
HL1: 0.15, BL1: 0.449, HL2: 0.025,
BL2: 0.5, HL3: 1.275, BL4: 0.45,
HL4: 0.1, HL5: 0.15
Click on Select material from DB
Concrete material for slab:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M30
Concrete material for Girder:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M40
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top

Click Show Calculation Results

Click on Apply

Note: The internal Process of section offset is explained in the help file .
Path: Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties > Section, When Section
tab is opened under offset, click on Details

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

11

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

Model Generation Girder Mid


1

Define Girder Mid Section:


Name > Girder Mid

Section Type > Composite-I


Slab Width > 12m
Girder : Num > 4
Girder : CTC > 3m (C/c beam spacing)
Slab: Bc > 3m, tc > 0.25, Hh > 0
Click on Symmetry
See the PSC Viewer and enter the
section dimension parameters
HL1: 0.15, BL1: 0.15, HL2: 0.1, BL2: 0.5
HL3: 1.2, BL4: 0.45, HL4: 0.1, HL5: 0.15
Click on Select material from DB
Concrete material for slab:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M30
Concrete material for Girder:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M40
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Click on Apply

Click Show Calculation Results

Note: Invoke the section data window by


following Steps 1 to 4 in Page 11.

Note: Check on the Symmetry box, so that only the left side details of the section can
be inputted with the right side details being automatically taken.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

12

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Tapered Section


1

Model Generation Defining Tapered Section


Note: Invoke the section data window by
following Steps 1 to 4 in Page 11.

Click on tab Tapered

Define Taper Left Section:


2

3
4

.
6

Name > Sup - Mid


Section Type > Composite-I
Girder : Num > 5
Girder : CTC > 3m (C/c beam spacing)
Slab: Bc > 3m, tc > 0.25, Hh > 0
Click on Symmetry
Click on Size-I Import
Select Girder Support
Click on Import
Click on Size-J Import
Select Girder Mid
Click on Import
Click on Select material from DB
Concrete material for slab:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M30
Concrete material for Girder:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M40
Select y Axis Variation as Linear
Select z Axis Variation as Linear
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top

Click on Apply

Similarly Define Taper Right Section:


Name > Mid-Sup
Section Type > Composite-I
Girder : Num > 5
Girder : CTC > 3m (C/c beam spacing)
Slab: Bc > 3m, tc > 0.25, Hh > 0
Click on Symmetry
Click on Size-I Import
Select Girder Mid
Click on Import
Click on Size-J Import
Select Girder Support
Click on Import
Click on Select material from DB
Concrete material for slab:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M30
Concrete material for Girder:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M40
Select y Axis Variation as Linear
Select z Axis Variation as Linear
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top

Click on Apply

Note: The internal Process of calculation of sectional property as per dimensional


variation is explained in the help file. Path: Help > Contents > Start > Model >
Properties > Section > Tapered tab, under Note, click on Details

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

13

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

Model Generation Defining


Cross Girder Section
1

Go to Properties

Click on Section Properties

Click on Add..

Click on tab DB/User

Define End Diaphragm:


Name > End Diaphragm
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.4m, B > 0.45m
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Select Vertical Offset: User
User offset Reference: Extreme fiber(s)
Enter value of I: > -0.25
Click on Apply

4
5
1
2

Define Internal Diaphragm:


Name > Internal Diaphragm
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.4m, B > 0.3m
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Select Vertical Offset: User
User offset Reference: Extreme fiber(s)
Enter value of I: > -0.25
6

Click Show Calculation Results

Click on OK

Note: To define prismatic sections in midas Civil, go to Models > Properties > Section > Value and here enter the section properties directly
instead of section dimensions. To know how sectional properties are calculated go to Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties >
Section > Section Properties

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

14

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

Model Generation Defining


Pier Cap Mid, Pier & Dummy
1

Go to Properties

Click on Section Properties

Click on Add..

Click on tab DB/User

Define Pier Cap Mid:


Name> Mid Pier Cap
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.5m, B > 1.5m
Click on Apply

4
5
1
2

Define Pier:
Name > Pier
Section Type > Solid Track
Select User
H > 1.5m, B > 3m

Define Dummy:
Name > Dummy 1
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 0.25m, B > 1m
6

Click Show Calculation Results

Click on OK
Note: To define prismatic sections in midas Civil, go to Models > Properties > Section > Value and here enter the section properties directly
instead of section dimensions. To know how sectional properties are calculated go to Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties >
Section > Section Properties

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

15

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Tapered Section

Model Generation Defining


Tapered Section
1

Note: Invoke the section data window by


following Steps 1 to 4 in Page 11.

Click on tab Tapered

Define Big-Small:

Name > Pier Cap Left


Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Section i: H>1.5m, B>1.5m
Section j: H>0.5m, B>1.5m
Select y Axis Variation as Linear
Select z Axis Variation as Linear
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Click on OK
3

Click on OK and Apply


Similarly Define Small-Big:
Name > Pier Cap Right
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Section i: H>0.5m, B>1.5m
Section j: H>1.5m, B>1.5m
Select y Axis Variation as Linear
Select z Axis Variation as Linear
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Click on OK
Click on OK and Apply

Note: The internal Process of calculation of sectional property as per dimensional variation is explained in
the help file. Path: Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties > Section > Tapered tab, under Note,
click on Details

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

16

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Nodes

Model Generation Create


Nodes

Click on Node/Element of Main

Menu
2

Click on Create Nodes

Go to Tree Menu

Coordinates (x,y,z) > 0, 0, 0

Copy : Number of times > 0


Distances (dx, dy, dz) > 0, 0, 0

Click Apply and Close

1) To input the node co-ordinates


in table, go to Tree Menu> Tables>
Structure Tables> Node
2) To create User defined coordinate
system go to Structure > UCS

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

17

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements
3

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1

Click on Node/Elements

Click on Extrude

Go to Tree Menu

Select Extrude Type Node -> Line

1
2

Element
5

Select Element Type Beam


Generating Elements:
Select Material M40
Select Section Girder Mid
Select Generation type Translate
Select Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis X
Distances > 2@0.25,3@1,16@0.9875,
3@1,2@0.25

Select Node 1
Click Apply
6

Click on Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

18

Step

01

Modeling >

Node Translation

Model Generation Translate


Nodes
1

Click on Node/Element

Click on Translate Node

Select nodes as highlighted

Go to Tree Menu

Mode Copy
Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Y
Translating Nodes
Distance -1.5
Click Apply
5

Click Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

19

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Dummy)
1

Click on Node/Elements

Click on Extrude

1
2

Go to Tree Menu
Select Extrude Type Node -> Line
Element
Select Element Type Beam
Generating Elements:
Select Material Dummy
Select Section Dummy 1
Select Generation type Translate
Select Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Y
Distances > 1.5, 4@3, 1.5
Select Nods as highlighted
Click Apply

Click on Close
4

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

20

Step

01

Modeling >

Node Translation

Model Generation Translate


Elements
1

Click on Node/Element

Click on Translate Element

Select all elements of girder using

Go to Tree Menu

1
2

Mode Copy
Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Y
Translating Elements
Distance 4@3
Check Node and Element
Click Apply
Click on
Select Axis as X
Distance 22.84
Click Apply
5

Click Close

3
5

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

21

Step

01

Modeling >

Node Translation

Model Generation Translate


Nodes
1

Click on Node/Element

Click on Translate Node

Select nodes as highlighted

Go to Tree Menu

Mode Copy
Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Z
Translating Nodes
Distance -1.975,-0.3
Click Apply
5

Click Close
5
3

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

22

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation End


Diaphragm
1

Click on Node/Elements

Click on Create Elements

1
3
2

Go to Tree Menu
Generating Elements:
Select Material M40
Select Section End Diaphragm
Check Node and Element
Click in Nodal Connectivity box
Click on 1 and 2
Click in Nodal Connectivity box
Click on 3 and 4
Click in Nodal Connectivity box
Click on 5 and 6
Click in Nodal Connectivity box
Click on 7 and 8

Click on Close

7
3

1
2

4 6

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

23

Step

01

Modeling >

Node Translation

Model Generation Translate


Nodes
1

Click on Node/Element

Click on Translate Node

Select nodes as highlighted

Go to Tree Menu

1
4

Mode Copy
Translation Equal Distance
Dx,dy,dx> 0.27,-1,0
5

Click ApplyandClose

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

24

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Pier Cap)
1

Click on Node/Elements

Click on Extrude

1
2

Go to Tree Menu
Select Extrude Type Node -> Line
Element
Select Element Type Beam
Generating Elements:
Select Material M30
Select Section Mid Pier Cap
Select Generation type Translate
Select Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Y
Distances > 1, 4@3, 1
Select Node as highlighted
Click Apply

Click on Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

25

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Pier)
1

Click on Node/Elements

Click on Extrude

1
2

Go to Tree Menu
Select Extrude Type Node -> Line
Element
Select Element Type Beam
Generating Elements:
Select Material M30
Select Section Pier
Select Generation type Translate
Select Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Z
Distances > -1.5, -6
Select Node as highlighted
Click Apply

Click on Close

Select the top 1.5m pier element


Press Delete on keyboard

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

26

Step

01

Modeling >

Renumber Nodes and Elements

Model Generation Renumbering


Nodes and Elements
1

Click on Node/Element

Click on Renumber Elements icon

Go to Tree Menu

1
2

Click on Node & Element


Set sorting preference as shown in
figure
4

Click on Apply and Click on Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

27

Step

01

Modeling >

Change Element Properties

Model Generation Assigning


Internal Diaphragms & Tapered
Pier Cap

Go to Tree Menu
2
1

Click on Works

Select the elements as highlighted

Drag and Drop M40 in model

window
4

Drag and Drop Internal Diaphragm


4

in model window
5

Select Elements as highlighted

Drag and Drop Small-Big in Model

6
8

Window
7

Select Elements as highlighted

Drag and Drop Big-Small in Model

Pier Cap Elements

Window
5

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

28

Step

01

Modeling >

Change Element Properties

Model Generation Assigning


Tapered Girder Elements

4
1

Enter Element by list as


75to483by102 76to484by102
101to509by102 102to510by102
Go to Tree Menu

Click on Works

Drag and Drop Mid-Sup in Model


Window
3

Enter Element by list as

57to465by102 58to466by102
83to491by102 84to492by102
5

Drag and Drop Sup-Mid in Model

Window

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

29

Step

01

Modeling >

Define Taper Groups

Model Generation Defining


Tapered Section Groups
1

Click on Properties

Click on Tapered Group

Go to Tree Menu

1
2
3

Generating Tapered Groups:


Set z-Axis as Linear
Set y-Axis as Linear
Set Group Name as Mid-Sup
Enter Element by list as 75to483by102
76to484by102 101to509by102
102to510by102

Click on Add
Set Group Name as Sup-Mid
Enter Element by list as 57to465by102
58to466by102 83to491by102
84to492by102
Click on Add
Set Group Name as PC1
Enter Element by list as 2 to 3
Click on Add
Set Group Name as PC2
Enter Element by list as 7 to 6
Click on Add
4

Click on Close
4

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

30

Step

01

Modeling >

Group Definition
1

Defining Group
Go to Tree Menu
1
2

Click Group Tab


Right click on Structure Group and
Click on New
Name: CS
Suffix: 1 to 5
Click Add
Name : CS3(Dia)
Suffix:
Click Add
Name : Cross Elements
Click Add
Click Close
Right Click on CS3 and rename it as
CS3(Gird)

Right click on Load Group


and click on New
Name: SW
Click Add
Name : SIDL
Click Add
Name : CB
Click Add
Name: PS-Span
Suffix: 1 2
Click Add
Name: Green Deck
Suffix: 1 2
Click Add
Click Close

Right click on Boundary Group


and Click on New
Name: Temp
Suffix: 1 2
Click Add
Name: GLink
Suffix: 1 2
Click Add
Name: Bearing
Suffix: 1 2
Click Add
Name: Sub
Suffix:
Click Add
Click Close

Note: 1) Structure groups are especially dedicated to Construction Stage analysis (of a sequential bridge construction) where each part of
the total structure erected in each stage needs to be identified as a different structure from those of other stages.
2) Boundary groups are especially dedicated to Construction Stage analysis (of a sequential bridge construction) where each part of
the total structure erected in each stage may retain different boundary conditions from those of other stages.
3) Load groups are especially dedicated to Construction Stage analysis (of a sequential bridge construction) where each part of the
total structure erected in each stage may be subjected to different loadings.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

31

Step

01

Modeling >

Assigning Structure Group

Model Assigning Structure


Group
Go to Tree Menu
1

Click Group Tab


Under Structure Group

Assigning CS1 Group

Select elements as shown in CS1 figure

Drag & drop in the Model View window


3

Assigning CS2 Group

CS 1
CS 3(Dia)

Select elements as shown in CS2 figure


Drag & drop in the Model View window
4

Assigning CS3(Gird) Group


Select elements as shown in CS3(Gird)
figure

CS 2
CS 3(Gird)

Drag & drop in the Model View window


5

Assigning CS3(Dia) Group


Select elements as shown in CS3(Dia)
figure

Drag & drop in the Model View window

Note: Structure groups can be defined in Define Structure Group first. Next, the desired nodes and elements can be selected in the Group
tab of the Tree Menu and assigned to the groups by Drag & Drop.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

32

Step

01

Modeling >

Assigning Structure Group

Model Assigning Structure


Group
Go to Tree Menu
1

Click Group Tab


Under Structure Group

Assigning CS4 Group


Select elements as shown in CS4 figure
2

Drag & drop in the Model View window


3

Assigning CS5 Group

3
4

CS 4

Select elements as shown in CS5 figure


Drag & drop in the Model View window
4

Cross Elements

Assigning Cross Elements Group


Select elements as shown in Cross

CS 5

Elements figure
Drag & drop in the Model View window

Note: Structure groups can be defined in Define Structure Group first. Next, the desired nodes and elements can be selected in the Group
tab of the Tree Menu and assigned to the groups by Drag & Drop.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

33

Step

01

Modeling >

Support Definition

Model Generation Assigning


Rigid Links
1

Click Boundary

Click Rigid Link

Go to Tree Menu

3
1
2

Go to Boundary tab
Select Boundary Group Name G Link1
Click on Rigid Body
Check Copy Rigid Link

Select Axis Y
Enter Distances: 4@3
Click in Master Node Number:
Click Highlighted Node 1
Select Node 2 using
Click Apply
Click in Master Node Number:
Click Highlighted Node 3
Select Node 4 using
Click Apply

7
3 5
1

8
4

Select Boundary Group Name G Link2


Click in Master Node Number:
Click Highlighted Node 5
Select Node 6 using
Click Apply
Click in Master Node Number:
Click Highlighted Node 7
Select Node 8 using
Click Apply
4

Click Close
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

34

Step

01

Modeling >

Support Definition

Model Generation Assigning


Rigid Links
1

Click Boundary

Click Rigid Link

Go to Tree Menu

3
1
2

Go to Boundary tab
Select Boundary Group Name Sub
Click on Rigid Body
Check Copy Rigid Link

Select Axis Y
Enter Distances: 4@3
Click in Master Node Number:
Click Highlighted Node 1
Select Node 2 using
Click Apply
4

2
2

Click Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

35

Step

01

Modeling >

Support Definition

Model Generation Assigning


Elastic Links
1

Click Boundary

Click Elastic Link

Go to Tree Menu

3
1
2

Go to Boundary tab
Select Boundary Group Name Bearing 1

Enter SDx> 100000000 kN/m


Enter SDy & SDz> 1000 kN/m

Check Copy Elastic Link


Select Axis Y
Enter Distances: 4@3
Click in 2 Nodes: box
Click Highlighted Node 1 and then 2
Click in 2 Nodes: box
Click Highlighted Node 3 and then 4

Select Boundary Group Name Bearing 2


Click in 2 Nodes: box
Click Highlighted Node 5 and then 6
Click in 2 Nodes: box
Click Highlighted Node 7 and then 8
4

7
3
1

4 6

2
4

Click Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

36

Step

01

Modeling >

Support Definition

Model Generation Assigning


Elastic Links
1

Click Boundary

Click Elastic Link

Go to Tree Menu

3
1
2

Go to Boundary tab
Select Boundary Group Name Sub

Set type as Rigid


Click in 2 Nodes: box

Click Highlighted Node 1 and then 2


4

Click Apply and Click Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

37

Step

01

Modeling >

Support Definition

Model Generation Assigning


Supports

3
1
2

Go to Model of Main Menu


1

Click Boundaries

Click Support

Go to Tree Menu

Go to Boundary tab
Check D-ALL
Select Boundary Group Name Temp 1
Select nodes highlighted as 1
Click Apply
Select Boundary Group Name Temp 2
Select nodes highlighted as 2
Click Apply
Select Boundary Group Name Bearing 1
Select nodes highlighted as 3
Click Apply
Select Boundary Group Name Bearing 2
Select nodes highlighted as 4
Click Apply

Check R-ALL
Select Boundary Group Name Sub

Select nodes highlighted as 5


Click Apply
4

1
2
3

Click Close
5

4
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

38

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Static Loads Defining Static


Load Cases
1

Go to Load tab

Click Static Load Cases

Define Static Load Cases


Name : Self Weight
Type : Construction Stage Load(CS)
Click Add

1
2

Name : SIDL
Type : Construction Stage Load(CS)
Click Add
Name : Crash Barrier
Type : Construction Stage Load(CS)
Click Add
Name : Prestressing
Type : Construction Stage Load(CS)
Click Add
Name : Deck Green

. Type : Erection Load (ER)


Click Add
4

Click Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

39

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads
1
3

Static Loads Self Weight & CB


4

Assigning Self Weight


1
2

Go to Load tab
Click Self Weight
Go to Tree Menu
Go to Load
Select Load Case Name Self Weight
Select Load Group Name SW
Enter Self Weight Factor, Z : -1
Click Add
Click Close

Assigning Crash Barrier Dead Load


3
4

Go to Load tab
Click Element
Go to Tree Menu
Go to Load
Select Load Case Name Crash Barrier
Select Load Group Name CB
Select Load Type Uniform Loads
Check Eccentricity
Select Eccentricity Direction Global Y
Select Load Direction Global Z
Enter w -10 KN
Enter Distance I-End -1.25m
In Model View window select
highlighted elements 1
Click Apply
Enter Distance I-End 1.25m
In Model View window select
highlighted elements 2
Click Apply

Click Close

2
5

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

40

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads
1

Static Loads SIDL & Deck Green


Assigning SIDL
1
2

Go to Load tab
Click Element
Go to Tree Menu
Go to Load
Select Load Case Name SIDL
Select Load Group Name SIDL
Select Load Type Uniform Loads
Select Load Direction Global Z
Enter w -4.5 KN/m
In Model View window select all
Main Girder elements
Click Apply

Similarly Assigning Deck Green Load


Select Load Case Name Deck Green
Select Load Group Name Green Deck 1
Select Load Type Uniform Loads
Select Load Direction Global Z
Enter w -18.75 KN/m
In Model View window select all
Main Girder elements of 1st Span
Click Apply

Select Load Group Name Green Deck 2


Select Load Type Uniform Loads
Select Load Direction Global Z
Enter w -18.75 KN/m
In Model View window select all
Main Girder elements of 2nd Span
Click Apply
3

ClickClose

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

41

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Static Loads Prestress Load

2
4
3

Change unit system [ N,mm]

Go to Load of Main Menu

Click Temp/Prestress

Click Tendon Property

Click Add

Enter Tendon Name Tendon


Select Tendon Type Internal(PostTension
Select Material Tendon
Click in the dialog box for Total
Tendon Area
Select Strand Diameter 12.7mm(0.5)
Enter Number of Strands 7
Click OK
Enter Duct Diameter 75mm
Select Relaxation Coefficient India
(IRC:112-2011) Low
Enter Ultimate Strength 1863.26
Enter Yield Strength 1569.06
Enter Curvature Friction Factor 0.3
Enter Anchorage Slip Begin : 0.006
Enter Anchorage Slip End : 0.006
Select Bond Type Bonded
Enter Wobble Friction Factor 6.6e-6

Click OK
6

Click Close
1

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

42

Step

Load >

Defining Loads
1

Static Loads Prestress Load

3
2

Go to Load tab

Click Temp/Prestress

Click Tendon Profile

Click Add
Enter Tendon Name G1T1
Select Tendon Property
Click in Assigned Elements
Select elements in Model View
Select Input Type 3D
Select Curve Type Spline
Select Reference Axis Element
Open excel sheet Cable Coordinates
*From excel sheet copy Tendon
Coordinates for G1T1
Paste on Input Table
Select Point of Symmetry Last
Click Make Symmetric Tendon
Select Profile Insertion Point End-I
Type 54
Click OK

Elements 54 to 79

Generate Cables 2 to 4 by following


Step 4

Click Close
6

*Select respective cable coordinates and


paste it in input table.
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Note: An insertion point is used as a point of reference for the tendon profile in the Global Coordinate System (GCS).
Only one profile is needed for a precast beam in spite of the number of elements (four in this example) that we are
using to model it.

02

43

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads
1

Static Loads Prestress Load


1

Go to Loadtab

Click Temp/Prestress

Click Tendon Profile

*Select Tendon G1T1 to G1T4

Click Copy/Move
Select Mode Copy
Select Translation Equal Distance
dx, dy, dz> 0,3000,0
Click OK
dx, dy, dz> 0,6000,0
Click OK
dx, dy, dz> 0,9000,0
Click OK
dx, dy, dz> 0,12000,0
Click OK

Similarly Select all the tendons


created

Click Copy/Move
Select Mode Copy
Select Translation Equal Distance
dx, dy, dz> 22840,0,0
Click OK

Select Individual Tendons created


Click on Modify
Change Tendon Names as per table

Click Close

*Select respective Tendons and


then Copy

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

44

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Static Loads Prestress Load

1
2

Go to Load tab

Click Temp/Prestress

Click Tendon Prestress

Go to Tree Menu
Go to Load

Select Load Case Name Prestressing


Input by Stress
Select Jacking Both
Enter Begin 1395 N/mm2
Enter End 1395 N/mm2
Select Group Name PS-Span 1
Select Tendons G1T1 to G5T4
Click on >
Click Add
Click Close
4

Similarly Select Group Name PS-Span 2


Select Tendons G6T1 to G10T4
Click on >

Click Add and Click Close


5

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

45

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Moving Loads Define Code


1

Go to Load tab

Click Moving Load

Under Moving Load Code select

India

Note: To increase the accuracy of vehicular live load analysis for bridges with crossbeams, the number of Cross Beams may be increased.
This can be done by providing large number of equally spaced fictitious Cross Beams in the transverse direction, having weight
density = 0. The depth and width of these Cross Beams will be equal to the deck slab thickness and center-to-center distance
between the Cross Beams, respectively.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

46

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Moving Loads Define Lane

1
3

Go to Load tab

Click Moving Load

Click Traffic Line Lanes

Click Add
Enter Lane Name Class A 1
View the figure provided
Enter Eccentricity -0.3m
Enter Wheel Spacing 1.8m
Enter Span Length 22.8m
Select Selection by 2 Points
Select Vehicular load distribution Cross
beam
Select cross beam group Cross Elements
Click in the Box
Select Moving direction as Both
Click on node no. 96
Click on Node no. 149
Click OK

2
3

Moving Loads Define Lane

Node no. 149

For other lanes, similarly change


names, wheel spacing and
eccentricities as below:
Enter Lane Name Class A 2
Enter Eccentricity -3.8m
Enter Wheel Spacing 1.8m
Enter Lane Name Class A 3
Enter Eccentricity -7.3m
Enter Wheel Spacing 1.8m
Enter Lane Name Class A 4
Enter Eccentricity -10.8m
Enter Wheel Spacing 1.8m
Enter Lane Name Class 70R 1
Enter Eccentricity -1.15m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2.29m
Enter Lane Name Class 70R 2
Enter Eccentricity -5.14m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2.29m

Node no. 96
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

47

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Moving Loads Define Vehicle


1

Go to Load of Main Menu

Click Moving Load

Click Vehicles

Click Add Standard

Select Standard Name IRC:6-2000

1
3

Standard Load
4
6

Select Vehicular Load Type Class A

Click Apply

Select Vehicular Load Type Class 70R

Click OK

Click Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

48

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads
1

Moving Loads Define Moving


Load Combination

Go to Load tab

Click Moving Load

Click Moving Load Cases

Click Add

Enter Load Case Name Class A

Uncheck Auto Live Load Combination

Under Sub-Load Cases Click Add

Enter Scale Factor 1


Enter Minimum Loaded Lanes as 1
Enter Maximum Loaded Lanes as 4
Select Vehicle as Class A
Under List of Lanes Select Class A 1,
Class A 2, Class A 3, Class A 4

Click on ->
Click OK
8

Click OK and Click Close

Note: To take into account of the wheel spacing and minimum clearance for
different vehicles, the Auto Live Load Combination option can be
unchecked and manually different moving load combinations can be
created for the vehicles as per IRC 6:2000.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

49

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads
1

Moving Loads Define Moving


Load Combination

Go to Load tab

Click Moving Load

Click Moving Load Cases

Click Add

Enter Load Case Name Class 70R

Uncheck Auto Live Load Combination

Under Sub-Load Cases Click Add

Enter Scale Factor 1


Enter Minimum Loaded Lanes as 1
Enter Maximum Loaded Lanes as 2
Select Vehicle as Class 70R
Under List of Lanes Select Class 70R 1,
Class 70R 2

Click on ->
Click OK
8

Click OK and Click Close

Note: To take into account of the wheel spacing and minimum clearance for
different vehicles, the Auto Live Load Combination option can be
unchecked and manually different moving load combinations can be
created for the vehicles as per IRC 6:2000.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

50

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads
1

Moving Loads Define Moving


Load Combination

Go to Load tab

Click Moving Load

Click Moving Load Cases

Click Add

Enter Load Case Name 70R(1), A(3,4)

Uncheck Auto Live Load Combination

Under Sub-Load Cases Click Add


Enter Scale Factor 1
Enter Minimum Loaded Lanes as 0
Enter Maximum Loaded Lanes as 1
Select Vehicle as Class 70R
Under List of Lanes Select Class 70R 1
Click on ->
Click OK
Under Sub-Load Cases Click Add
Enter Scale Factor 1
Enter Minimum Loaded Lanes as 0
Enter Maximum Loaded Lanes as 1
Select Vehicle as Class 70R
Under List of Lanes Select Class 70R 1
Click on ->
Click OK

Click OK and Click Close

Note: To take into account of the wheel spacing and minimum clearance for
different vehicles, the Auto Live Load Combination option can be
unchecked and manually different moving load combinations can be
created for the vehicles as per IRC 6:2000.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

51

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Construction Stage Analysis


This function allows us to define necessary
construction stages to analyze a bridge
structure reflecting the effects of evolving
structure configurations and elastic and
time dependent (creep and shrinkage)
displacements.
Each construction stage is identified with
activated (or deactivated) element,
boundary and load groups. Each stage
retains a unique element group, a
boundary group and a load group, forming
an interim independent structure. The
stage information that was difficult to
define in Wizard can now be added or
modified using this function.
Note:
The results of all prior construction stages are
accumulated and applied to the current stage. Once
activated elements, boundary conditions and loads
remain active until they are deactivated. When an
element is removed, the internal forces are internally
imposed to the contiguous remaining elements in
the opposite directions.

Stage
CS 1

Days
1

CS 2

21

CS3

21

CS 4

21

CS 5

14

CS 6

9922

Details
Pier and Pier Cap are activated at the age of 28 days
Girders of the span 1 are stressed and launched
Girders of span 1 are resting on temporary support
Casting of Diaphragm for span 1 begins
Girders of span 1 are shifted to actual bearings
Diaphragm of span 1 are activated at age of 14 days
Casting of slab for span 1 begins at the 14th day of CS3
Girders for span 2 are launched
Girders of span 2 are resting on temporary support
Casting of Diaphragm for span 2 begins
Diaphragm of span 2 are activated at age of 14 days
Deck slab of span 1 is activated at age of 14 days
Casting of slab for span 2 begins on the 7th day of CS 4
Girders for span 2 are shifted to actual bearings
Deck slab for span 2 is activated at the age of 14 days
To check the long term stresses of structure
Casting of Crash Barrier and Wearing Course

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

52

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Define Construction Stage


Analysis Data

3
1

Go to Load of Main Menu

Click Construction Stage Analysis

Data
3

Click Define Construction Stage


4

Define Stage 01:


4

Click Add

Enter Name CS01

Enter Duration 1 days

Click Element tab

Select CS1 under Group List

Enter Age 28

10

Click Add

5
6

Note: Age reflects the effects of creep and shrinkage on the elements. The Age
represents the time elapsed from the time of concrete casting prior to the start of
the current construction stage being defined. That is, the Age is the maturity of the
element groups at the start of the current stage being defined. The Age typically
represents the time span from the time of concrete casting to the time of removal
of formwork for horizontal members such as slabs.

10

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

53

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Define Construction Stage


Analysis Data
1

Click Boundary tab

Select sub under Group List

Select Deformed

Click Add
1

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

54

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Define Construction Stage


Analysis Data
1

Click Load tab

Select SW under Group List

Select Active Day First

Click Add
1

Click Apply
2

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

55

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Define Construction Stage


Analysis Data
Similarly assign other groups to the
respective construction stages as per

the image

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

56

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Define Construction Stage


Analysis Data
Similarly assign other groups to the
respective construction stages as per

the image

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

57

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Define Construction Stage


Analysis Data
Similarly assign other groups to the
respective construction stages as per

the image

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

58

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Define Construction Stage


Analysis Data
Similarly assign other groups to the
respective construction stages as per

the image

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

59

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Define Construction Stage


Analysis Data
Similarly assign other groups to the
respective construction stages as per

the image

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

60

Step

02

Modeling >

Defining Loads

Define Composite Construction


Stage

3
1

Go to Load of Main Menu

Click Construction Stage

Click Composite Section for C.S.

Click Add
Select Active Stage CS02
*Select Section Girder Mid
Select Composite Type Normal
Under Construction Sequence
For Part I
Select Material Type Element
Set Composite Stage Active Stage
Enter Age 14
#h will be automatically entered
For Part II
Select Material Type Material
Select Material M30
Select Composite Stage CS04
Enter Age 10 days
Enter h 1m
Click Apply

*Similarly for the other 4 Section


types for both spans, namely: Girder
Support, Mid-Sup, Sup-Mid follow
step 3. Only section type changes,
rest is similar.
#h needs to be entered for taper
section.
5

Click Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

61

Step

03

Analysis >

Moving Load Analysis


1

Moving Load Analysis Control


2

Go to Analysis tab

Click Moving Load

Select Number/Line Element

Select Analysis Results Frame


3

Normal + Concurrent Force


5

Select Bridge Type for Impact


Calculation RC
4

Click OK

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

62

Step

03

Analysis >

Construction Stage Analysis


1

Construction Stage Analysis


Control
1
2

Go to Analysis tab
Click Construction Stage
Select Final Stage Last Stage
Select Analysis Option Include Time
Dependent Effect
Click on Time Dependent Effect
Control
Select Type Creep & Shrinkage
Select Tendon Tension Loss Effect
(Creep & Shrinkage)
Select Variation of Comp. Strength
Select Tendon Tension Loss (Elastic
Shortening)
Click OK
Check Frame Output Calculate
Output of Each part of Composite
Section

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

63

Step

03

Analysis >

Construction Stage Analysis

Construction Stage Analysis


Control
1

Click Add besides Load Cases to be


Distinguished from Dead Load for CS
Output:
Double Click Load Case SIDL
Set case name as SIDL
Set type as DW
Click OK
Click Add besides Load Cases to be
Distinguished from Dead Load for CS
Output:
Double Click Load Case Crash Barrier
Set case name as Crash Barrier
Set type as DC
Click OK

Click OK

Note: Construction Stage Analysis Control is explained in detail in the help file .
Path: Help > Contents > Start > Analysis > Construction Stage Analysis Control

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

64

Step

03

Analysis >

Perform Analysis

Run Analysis
1
2
1

Go to Analysis tab

Click Perform Analysis

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

65

Step

04

Result>

Combination

Load Combination
1
1

Go to Results tab

Click Load Combination

Click Concrete Design tab

Click Auto Generation

Select Design Code IRC:6-2000

Click OK

Click Close

4
7

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

66

Step

04

Result>

Reaction

Result Verification

1
6

Go to Results tab

Click Reactions

Click Reaction Forces/Moments

Select Load Cases/Combinations

2
3

To view the results in Model View


4

Window, select Components

Select Value
5

Click Apply

To View in Tabular format, Click

Results Tables> Reactions


7

Select Load Cases/Combination

Click OK

Check the values in new window

5
13

Result-[Reaction]

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

67

Step

04

Result>

Displacement

Result Verification
1

Go to Results tab

Click Deformations

Click Displacement Contour

Select Load Cases/Combinations

Select Components

Click Type of Display Contour

Click Apply

See the Contour diagram in the

2
4
3

Model View window

Note: By Invoking the tables of


any component of result and
load cases can be checked.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

68

Step

04

Result>

Concurrent Forces For Moving Load Analysis


1
10

Result Verification

2
1

Go to Results tab

Click Forces

Click Beams Diagrams

11

Click Results Tables>Beams> Forces


5

& Stresses
5

Select Loadcase/Combination Class


70R (MV:max)

Click OK

In the Result-[Beam Force] table

Right Click and select from the

8
6

Context Menu View by Max Value


Item
9

Select Items to Display Moment-y

10

Select Load Cases to Display Class

12

70R (MV:max)
11

Click OK

12

See in Concurrent forces in the table


Result by Max Value-[Beam Force]
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

69

Step

04

Result>

Vehicle Position for Moving Load Analysis


1

Result Verification

2
1

Go to Results tab

Click Moving Load Tracer

Click Beams Forces/Moments


Select Moving load case Mvmax:Class
70R

5
3

Select Key Element 169


Select Part 1/2
Select Component My
4

Click Apply

See in Model View window the


Vehicle position

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

70

Step

04

Result>

Vehicle Position for Moving Load Analysis


2

Result Verification
1

To Convert this Vehicle Load


Position into a Static Load Case:
1

Click Write Min/Max Load to File


Click OK
Copy all the data from the Midas/Text
Editor

Go to Tools tab

Click MCT Command Shell..

Paste the data in the MCT Command


Shell Window
Click Run
A new Static Load MVmaxMLCMy23
will be created
4

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

71

Step

04

Result>

Stresses
1

Result Verification
2
1

Go to Results of Main Menu

Click Stresses

Click Beam Stresses

Select Load Cases/Combinations

Select Components

Click Type of Display Contour

Click Apply

See the Contour diagram in the

4
3
5

Model View window

Note: To view the results in tables,


click Results Tables and browse
to required quantity
Note: The significance of various stress components are clearly explained in detail in the help file .
Path: Help > Contents > Start > Result > Stresses > Beam Stresses

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

72

Step

04

Result>

Tendon Loss
1
2

Result Verification
1

Go to Results tab

Click Result Tables

Click Tendon

Click Tendon Loss

See the various tendon loss in tabular

By grouping the tendons, the average


prestress force at the CG of the cables
along the length of the bridge can be
seen in Tendon Arrangement (Path:
Results > Result Tables > Tendon >
Tendon Arrangement.)

format in the window Result[tendon Loss (Tendon Group)]

Note: Similarly the tables of tendon


Coordinates,
Elongation
,
Weight can be checked.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

73

Step

04

Result>

Elastic Link Forces (Bearing Forces)


1

Result Verification
1

Go to Results tab

Click Result Tables

Click Elastic Link

Check Class 70R (Mv:all)

Click OK

See the various forces in the bearings

in Result-[Elastic Link]

Note: Similarly, forces for all the cases


could be viewed, which could
be used for design of bearings.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

74

Step

05

Additional Features
(1) DXF Import
Important considerations:
Polyline in dxf file will be imported as a plate elements.
Surface in dxf file will be imported as a plate element.
Solid cannot be imported.
Unit system must be consistent.

import
Line
Beam Elements

import
Polyline Rectangle

import

Plate Element

3-D Face

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

75

Step

05

Additional Features
(2) Integral Bridge
Using the formulation proposed by B.M. Lehane, soil springs can be assigned.
To account for this characteristic of the soil, lateral springs are modeled as compression-only
springs and vertical springs are modeled as linear elastic springs.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

76

Step

05

Additional Features
(3) Loads

Self weight
Specified Displacement of Supports
Pressure Load
Temperature Load
System Temperature - for applying the change in temperature to whole structure.
Nodal Temperate for applying change in temperature to certain nodes.
Element Temperature for applying change in temperature to certain elements.
Temperature Gradient for applying change in temperature to beam and plate sections.
Beam Section Temperature for applying temperature gradient to beam sections (General
Sections and PSC sections).

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

77

Step

05

Additional Features
(4) Section Property Calculator

The Import function permits the use of AutoCAD


DXF files.
Simple data entry using various modeling functions
The section property calculations are provided for
the input section configuration by generating fully
automated optimum meshes.
The properties of hybrid sections composed of
different material properties can be calculated

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

78

TechSupport@midasit.com

Bridging Your Innovations to Realities