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# MIDAS

Technical
Material

Tutorial
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

00
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge
Overview
- A two span of 22.8m long composite bridge consisting of five precast, post tensioned girder beams
spaced at 3m centers are generated using beam elements with defined construction stages.

## In this tutorial we will learn the following things;

- How to generate composite sections in midas Civil.
- How to assign static and prestress load in midas Civil.
- How to define moving load as per IRC 6:2000 in midas Civil.
- How to define construction stages in midas Civil.
- How to define composite section for construction stages in midas Civil.
- How to interpret the tendon losses, forces, stresses represented by midas Civil.
Program Version
Revision Date

Feb. 15, 2015

Step

00

## Specifications of the Bridge

Bridge Type:
Span Length:
Width:
Time Dependent Material:

22.8-m, 2-Span
15 m
IRC-6:2000
IRC-112:2011

Step

00

## 3D View of the Model generated in midas Civil

3m
0.25m
0.15m

0.15m
0.50m

0.50m

0.10m
1.20m

0.30m
0.10m

1.
m

0.025
m

0.15m
0.45m

0.45m

Mid Section

End Section
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

00

## General Arrangement Detail of the Bridge

Structural sections
Expansion Gap between the 2 spans is 40mm.
Girders are spaced 3m c/c.

Support
Section

Tapered
Section

Mid Section

0.45
m

0.3m

7.2m
1.5m

2.0m

^U`m

## Half Girder Elevation

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Generating Model

Units

1

.
2

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Material Properties
4

Properties
1

Go to Properties

1
2

## Name > M40

Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > IS (RC)
DB: M40
Click on Apply
Name > M30
Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > IS (RC)
DB: M30
Click on Apply
Name> Tendon
Type of Design: Steel
Steel Standard: IS(S)
DB: Fe540
Click on Apply

## Name > Dummy

Type of design: User defined
Standard: None
Modulus of elasticity: 2.7386e7
Poissons ratio: 0.2
Thermal Coefficient: 1e-5
Weight density: 0
Click on OK

Step

01

Modeling >

## Model Generation Time

Dependent Material Properties
1

## Change unit system [ N, mm ]

Go to Properties

(Creep/Shrinkage)

## Define Creep / Shrinkage data:

Name > M40 C&S
Code > INDIA (IRC:112-2011)
Compressive strength of concrete at
the age of 28 days > 40 N/mm2
Relative Humidity of ambient
environment (4099) > 70
Notational size of member > 1000mm
Age of concrete at the beginning of
shrinkage > 3 days
Click on Apply

## Name > M30 C&S

Code > INDIA (IRC:112-2011)
Compressive strength of concrete at
the age of 28 days > 30 N/mm2
Other data are same as above
Click on Apply

2
3

## Click on Show Result to see the

graph
Note: To get the creep & shrinkage strains, the value of relative humidity is to be considered as 70%, Notational size of member, h as
1000mm and Age of concrete at the beginning of shrinkage as 3 days. Later, the h value would be automatically updated for
composite sections

Step

01

Modeling >

## Model Generation Time

Dependent Material Properties
1

Go to Properties

## Define Compressive Strength data:

Name > M40 Comp
Type > Code
Development of Strength > Code >
INDIA (IRC:112-2011)
Mean compressive strength of
concrete at age of 28 days
(fck+delta_f) > 50N/mm2
Click on Redraw Graph
Click on OK

5
6

Name > M30 Comp
Type > Code
Development of Strength > Code >
INDIA (IRC:112-2011)
Mean compressive strength of
concrete at age of 28 days
(fck+delta_f) > 40N/mm2
Click on Redraw Graph
Click on OK

Step

01

Modeling >

3

1

Go to Properties

4

4
2
5

Materials list
7

## Creep/Shrinkage > M30 C&S

Comp. Strength > M30 Comp
Double click on M30 under
Materials to shift it to the Selected

Materials list
7

Click on Close

## Any time during the modeling, analysis

and design stage, invoking F1 key
takes you to web help.

10

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section
1
4

## Model Generation Defining

Girder Support Section

5
2

Properties

## Name > Girder Support

Section Type > Composite-I
Slab Width > 15m
Girder : Num > 5
Girder : CTC > 3m (C/c beam spacing)
Slab: Bc > 3m, tc > 0.25, Hh > 0
Click on Symmetry
See the PSC Viewer and enter the
section dimension parameters
HL1: 0.15, BL1: 0.449, HL2: 0.025,
BL2: 0.5, HL3: 1.275, BL4: 0.45,
HL4: 0.1, HL5: 0.15
Click on Select material from DB
Concrete material for slab:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M30
Concrete material for Girder:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M40
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top

## Click Show Calculation Results

Click on Apply

Note: The internal Process of section offset is explained in the help file .
Path: Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties > Section, When Section
tab is opened under offset, click on Details

11

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

1

## Define Girder Mid Section:

Name > Girder Mid

## Section Type > Composite-I

Slab Width > 12m
Girder : Num > 4
Girder : CTC > 3m (C/c beam spacing)
Slab: Bc > 3m, tc > 0.25, Hh > 0
Click on Symmetry
See the PSC Viewer and enter the
section dimension parameters
HL1: 0.15, BL1: 0.15, HL2: 0.1, BL2: 0.5
HL3: 1.2, BL4: 0.45, HL4: 0.1, HL5: 0.15
Click on Select material from DB
Concrete material for slab:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M30
Concrete material for Girder:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M40
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Click on Apply

## Note: Invoke the section data window by

following Steps 1 to 4 in Page 11.

Note: Check on the Symmetry box, so that only the left side details of the section can
be inputted with the right side details being automatically taken.

12

Step

01

Modeling >

1

## Model Generation Defining Tapered Section

Note: Invoke the section data window by
following Steps 1 to 4 in Page 11.

2

3
4

.
6

## Name > Sup - Mid

Section Type > Composite-I
Girder : Num > 5
Girder : CTC > 3m (C/c beam spacing)
Slab: Bc > 3m, tc > 0.25, Hh > 0
Click on Symmetry
Click on Size-I Import
Select Girder Support
Click on Import
Click on Size-J Import
Select Girder Mid
Click on Import
Click on Select material from DB
Concrete material for slab:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M30
Concrete material for Girder:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M40
Select y Axis Variation as Linear
Select z Axis Variation as Linear
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top

Click on Apply

## Similarly Define Taper Right Section:

Name > Mid-Sup
Section Type > Composite-I
Girder : Num > 5
Girder : CTC > 3m (C/c beam spacing)
Slab: Bc > 3m, tc > 0.25, Hh > 0
Click on Symmetry
Click on Size-I Import
Select Girder Mid
Click on Import
Click on Size-J Import
Select Girder Support
Click on Import
Click on Select material from DB
Concrete material for slab:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M30
Concrete material for Girder:
DB: IS(RC)
Name: M40
Select y Axis Variation as Linear
Select z Axis Variation as Linear
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top

Click on Apply

## Note: The internal Process of calculation of sectional property as per dimensional

variation is explained in the help file. Path: Help > Contents > Start > Model >
Properties > Section > Tapered tab, under Note, click on Details

13

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

## Model Generation Defining

Cross Girder Section
1

Go to Properties

## Define End Diaphragm:

Name > End Diaphragm
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.4m, B > 0.45m
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Select Vertical Offset: User
User offset Reference: Extreme fiber(s)
Enter value of I: > -0.25
Click on Apply

4
5
1
2

## Define Internal Diaphragm:

Name > Internal Diaphragm
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.4m, B > 0.3m
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Select Vertical Offset: User
User offset Reference: Extreme fiber(s)
Enter value of I: > -0.25
6

## Click Show Calculation Results

Click on OK

Note: To define prismatic sections in midas Civil, go to Models > Properties > Section > Value and here enter the section properties directly
instead of section dimensions. To know how sectional properties are calculated go to Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties >
Section > Section Properties

14

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

## Model Generation Defining

Pier Cap Mid, Pier & Dummy
1

Go to Properties

## Define Pier Cap Mid:

Name> Mid Pier Cap
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.5m, B > 1.5m
Click on Apply

4
5
1
2

Define Pier:
Name > Pier
Section Type > Solid Track
Select User
H > 1.5m, B > 3m

Define Dummy:
Name > Dummy 1
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 0.25m, B > 1m
6

## Click Show Calculation Results

Click on OK
Note: To define prismatic sections in midas Civil, go to Models > Properties > Section > Value and here enter the section properties directly
instead of section dimensions. To know how sectional properties are calculated go to Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties >
Section > Section Properties

15

Step

01

Modeling >

Tapered Section
1

## Note: Invoke the section data window by

following Steps 1 to 4 in Page 11.

## Click on tab Tapered

Define Big-Small:

## Name > Pier Cap Left

Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Section i: H>1.5m, B>1.5m
Section j: H>0.5m, B>1.5m
Select y Axis Variation as Linear
Select z Axis Variation as Linear
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Click on OK
3

## Click on OK and Apply

Similarly Define Small-Big:
Name > Pier Cap Right
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Section i: H>0.5m, B>1.5m
Section j: H>1.5m, B>1.5m
Select y Axis Variation as Linear
Select z Axis Variation as Linear
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Click on OK
Click on OK and Apply

Note: The internal Process of calculation of sectional property as per dimensional variation is explained in
the help file. Path: Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties > Section > Tapered tab, under Note,
click on Details

16

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Nodes

Nodes

2

## Copy : Number of times > 0

Distances (dx, dy, dz) > 0, 0, 0

## 1) To input the node co-ordinates

in table, go to Tree Menu> Tables>
Structure Tables> Node
2) To create User defined coordinate
system go to Structure > UCS

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

17

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements
3

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Girder Mid)
1

Click on Node/Elements

Click on Extrude

1
2

Element
5

## Select Element Type Beam

Generating Elements:
Select Material M40
Select Section Girder Mid
Select Generation type Translate
Select Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis X
Distances > 2@0.25,3@1,16@0.9875,
3@1,2@0.25

Select Node 1
Click Apply
6

Click on Close

18

Step

01

Modeling >

Node Translation

## Model Generation Translate

Nodes
1

Click on Node/Element

## Select nodes as highlighted

Mode Copy
Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Y
Translating Nodes
Distance -1.5
Click Apply
5

Click Close

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

19

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Dummy)
1

Click on Node/Elements

Click on Extrude

1
2

Select Extrude Type Node -> Line
Element
Select Element Type Beam
Generating Elements:
Select Material Dummy
Select Section Dummy 1
Select Generation type Translate
Select Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Y
Distances > 1.5, 4@3, 1.5
Select Nods as highlighted
Click Apply

Click on Close
4

20

Step

01

Modeling >

Node Translation

## Model Generation Translate

Elements
1

Click on Node/Element

## Select all elements of girder using

1
2

Mode Copy
Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Y
Translating Elements
Distance 4@3
Check Node and Element
Click Apply
Click on
Select Axis as X
Distance 22.84
Click Apply
5

Click Close

3
5

21

Step

01

Modeling >

Node Translation

## Model Generation Translate

Nodes
1

Click on Node/Element

## Select nodes as highlighted

Mode Copy
Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Z
Translating Nodes
Distance -1.975,-0.3
Click Apply
5

Click Close
5
3

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

22

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation End

Diaphragm
1

Click on Node/Elements

## Click on Create Elements

1
3
2

Generating Elements:
Select Material M40
Select Section End Diaphragm
Check Node and Element
Click in Nodal Connectivity box
Click on 1 and 2
Click in Nodal Connectivity box
Click on 3 and 4
Click in Nodal Connectivity box
Click on 5 and 6
Click in Nodal Connectivity box
Click on 7 and 8

Click on Close

7
3

1
2

4 6

23

Step

01

Modeling >

Node Translation

## Model Generation Translate

Nodes
1

Click on Node/Element

## Select nodes as highlighted

1
4

Mode Copy
Translation Equal Distance
Dx,dy,dx> 0.27,-1,0
5

Click ApplyandClose

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

24

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Pier Cap)
1

Click on Node/Elements

Click on Extrude

1
2

Select Extrude Type Node -> Line
Element
Select Element Type Beam
Generating Elements:
Select Material M30
Select Section Mid Pier Cap
Select Generation type Translate
Select Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Y
Distances > 1, 4@3, 1
Select Node as highlighted
Click Apply

Click on Close

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

25

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

## Model Generation Creating

Elements (Pier)
1

Click on Node/Elements

Click on Extrude

1
2

Select Extrude Type Node -> Line
Element
Select Element Type Beam
Generating Elements:
Select Material M30
Select Section Pier
Select Generation type Translate
Select Translation Unequal Distance
Select Axis Z
Distances > -1.5, -6
Select Node as highlighted
Click Apply

Click on Close

## Select the top 1.5m pier element

Press Delete on keyboard

26

Step

01

Modeling >

## Model Generation Renumbering

Nodes and Elements
1

Click on Node/Element

1
2

## Click on Node & Element

Set sorting preference as shown in
figure
4

27

Step

01

Modeling >

## Model Generation Assigning

Internal Diaphragms & Tapered
Pier Cap

2
1

Click on Works

window
4

4

in model window
5

6
8

Window
7

Window
5

28

Step

01

Modeling >

## Model Generation Assigning

Tapered Girder Elements

4
1

## Enter Element by list as

75to483by102 76to484by102
101to509by102 102to510by102

Click on Works

Window
3

## Enter Element by list as

57to465by102 58to466by102
83to491by102 84to492by102
5

Window

29

Step

01

Modeling >

## Model Generation Defining

Tapered Section Groups
1

Click on Properties

1
2
3

## Generating Tapered Groups:

Set z-Axis as Linear
Set y-Axis as Linear
Set Group Name as Mid-Sup
Enter Element by list as 75to483by102
76to484by102 101to509by102
102to510by102

Set Group Name as Sup-Mid
Enter Element by list as 57to465by102
58to466by102 83to491by102
84to492by102
Set Group Name as PC1
Enter Element by list as 2 to 3
Set Group Name as PC2
Enter Element by list as 7 to 6
4

Click on Close
4

30

Step

01

Modeling >

Group Definition
1

Defining Group
1
2

## Click Group Tab

Right click on Structure Group and
Click on New
Name: CS
Suffix: 1 to 5
Name : CS3(Dia)
Suffix:
Name : Cross Elements
Click Close
Right Click on CS3 and rename it as
CS3(Gird)

and click on New
Name: SW
Name : SIDL
Name : CB
Name: PS-Span
Suffix: 1 2
Name: Green Deck
Suffix: 1 2
Click Close

## Right click on Boundary Group

and Click on New
Name: Temp
Suffix: 1 2
Suffix: 1 2
Name: Bearing
Suffix: 1 2
Name: Sub
Suffix:
Click Close

Note: 1) Structure groups are especially dedicated to Construction Stage analysis (of a sequential bridge construction) where each part of
the total structure erected in each stage needs to be identified as a different structure from those of other stages.
2) Boundary groups are especially dedicated to Construction Stage analysis (of a sequential bridge construction) where each part of
the total structure erected in each stage may retain different boundary conditions from those of other stages.
3) Load groups are especially dedicated to Construction Stage analysis (of a sequential bridge construction) where each part of the
total structure erected in each stage may be subjected to different loadings.

31

Step

01

Modeling >

Group
1

## Click Group Tab

Under Structure Group

3

CS 1
CS 3(Dia)

## Select elements as shown in CS2 figure

Drag & drop in the Model View window
4

## Assigning CS3(Gird) Group

Select elements as shown in CS3(Gird)
figure

CS 2
CS 3(Gird)

5

## Assigning CS3(Dia) Group

Select elements as shown in CS3(Dia)
figure

## Drag & drop in the Model View window

Note: Structure groups can be defined in Define Structure Group first. Next, the desired nodes and elements can be selected in the Group
tab of the Tree Menu and assigned to the groups by Drag & Drop.

32

Step

01

Modeling >

Group
1

## Click Group Tab

Under Structure Group

## Assigning CS4 Group

Select elements as shown in CS4 figure
2

3

3
4

CS 4

## Select elements as shown in CS5 figure

Drag & drop in the Model View window
4

Cross Elements

## Assigning Cross Elements Group

Select elements as shown in Cross

CS 5

Elements figure
Drag & drop in the Model View window

Note: Structure groups can be defined in Define Structure Group first. Next, the desired nodes and elements can be selected in the Group
tab of the Tree Menu and assigned to the groups by Drag & Drop.

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

33

Step

01

Modeling >

Support Definition

## Model Generation Assigning

1

Click Boundary

3
1
2

Go to Boundary tab
Select Boundary Group Name G Link1
Click on Rigid Body

Select Axis Y
Enter Distances: 4@3
Click in Master Node Number:
Click Highlighted Node 1
Select Node 2 using
Click Apply
Click in Master Node Number:
Click Highlighted Node 3
Select Node 4 using
Click Apply

7
3 5
1

8
4

## Select Boundary Group Name G Link2

Click in Master Node Number:
Click Highlighted Node 5
Select Node 6 using
Click Apply
Click in Master Node Number:
Click Highlighted Node 7
Select Node 8 using
Click Apply
4

Click Close
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

34

Step

01

Modeling >

Support Definition

## Model Generation Assigning

1

Click Boundary

3
1
2

Go to Boundary tab
Select Boundary Group Name Sub
Click on Rigid Body

Select Axis Y
Enter Distances: 4@3
Click in Master Node Number:
Click Highlighted Node 1
Select Node 2 using
Click Apply
4

2
2

Click Close

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

35

Step

01

Modeling >

Support Definition

## Model Generation Assigning

1

Click Boundary

3
1
2

Go to Boundary tab
Select Boundary Group Name Bearing 1

## Enter SDx> 100000000 kN/m

Enter SDy & SDz> 1000 kN/m

Select Axis Y
Enter Distances: 4@3
Click in 2 Nodes: box
Click Highlighted Node 1 and then 2
Click in 2 Nodes: box
Click Highlighted Node 3 and then 4

## Select Boundary Group Name Bearing 2

Click in 2 Nodes: box
Click Highlighted Node 5 and then 6
Click in 2 Nodes: box
Click Highlighted Node 7 and then 8
4

7
3
1

4 6

2
4

Click Close

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

36

Step

01

Modeling >

Support Definition

## Model Generation Assigning

1

Click Boundary

3
1
2

Go to Boundary tab
Select Boundary Group Name Sub

## Set type as Rigid

Click in 2 Nodes: box

4

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

37

Step

01

Modeling >

Support Definition

Supports

3
1
2

## Go to Model of Main Menu

1

Click Boundaries

Click Support

Go to Boundary tab
Check D-ALL
Select Boundary Group Name Temp 1
Select nodes highlighted as 1
Click Apply
Select Boundary Group Name Temp 2
Select nodes highlighted as 2
Click Apply
Select Boundary Group Name Bearing 1
Select nodes highlighted as 3
Click Apply
Select Boundary Group Name Bearing 2
Select nodes highlighted as 4
Click Apply

Check R-ALL
Select Boundary Group Name Sub

## Select nodes highlighted as 5

Click Apply
4

1
2
3

Click Close
5

4
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

38

Step

02

1

Name : Self Weight

1
2

Name : SIDL
Name : Crash Barrier
Name : Prestressing
Name : Deck Green

4

Click Close

39

Step

02

1
3

4

## Assigning Self Weight

1
2

Click Self Weight
Select Load Case Name Self Weight
Enter Self Weight Factor, Z : -1
Click Close

3
4

Click Element
Select Load Case Name Crash Barrier
Check Eccentricity
Select Eccentricity Direction Global Y
Enter w -10 KN
Enter Distance I-End -1.25m
In Model View window select
highlighted elements 1
Click Apply
Enter Distance I-End 1.25m
In Model View window select
highlighted elements 2
Click Apply

Click Close

2
5

40

Step

02

1

## Static Loads SIDL & Deck Green

Assigning SIDL
1
2

Click Element
Enter w -4.5 KN/m
In Model View window select all
Main Girder elements
Click Apply

## Similarly Assigning Deck Green Load

Select Load Case Name Deck Green
Select Load Group Name Green Deck 1
Enter w -18.75 KN/m
In Model View window select all
Main Girder elements of 1st Span
Click Apply

## Select Load Group Name Green Deck 2

Enter w -18.75 KN/m
In Model View window select all
Main Girder elements of 2nd Span
Click Apply
3

ClickClose

41

Step

02

2
4
3

## Change unit system [ N,mm]

Click Temp/Prestress

## Enter Tendon Name Tendon

Select Tendon Type Internal(PostTension
Select Material Tendon
Click in the dialog box for Total
Tendon Area
Select Strand Diameter 12.7mm(0.5)
Enter Number of Strands 7
Click OK
Enter Duct Diameter 75mm
Select Relaxation Coefficient India
(IRC:112-2011) Low
Enter Ultimate Strength 1863.26
Enter Yield Strength 1569.06
Enter Curvature Friction Factor 0.3
Enter Anchorage Slip Begin : 0.006
Enter Anchorage Slip End : 0.006
Select Bond Type Bonded
Enter Wobble Friction Factor 6.6e-6

Click OK
6

Click Close
1

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

42

Step

1

3
2

Click Temp/Prestress

## Click Tendon Profile

Enter Tendon Name G1T1
Select Tendon Property
Click in Assigned Elements
Select elements in Model View
Select Input Type 3D
Select Curve Type Spline
Select Reference Axis Element
Open excel sheet Cable Coordinates
*From excel sheet copy Tendon
Coordinates for G1T1
Paste on Input Table
Select Point of Symmetry Last
Click Make Symmetric Tendon
Select Profile Insertion Point End-I
Type 54
Click OK

Elements 54 to 79

Step 4

Click Close
6

## *Select respective cable coordinates and

paste it in input table.
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Note: An insertion point is used as a point of reference for the tendon profile in the Global Coordinate System (GCS).
Only one profile is needed for a precast beam in spite of the number of elements (four in this example) that we are
using to model it.

02

43

Step

02

1

1

Click Temp/Prestress

## *Select Tendon G1T1 to G1T4

Click Copy/Move
Select Mode Copy
Select Translation Equal Distance
dx, dy, dz> 0,3000,0
Click OK
dx, dy, dz> 0,6000,0
Click OK
dx, dy, dz> 0,9000,0
Click OK
dx, dy, dz> 0,12000,0
Click OK

## Similarly Select all the tendons

created

Click Copy/Move
Select Mode Copy
Select Translation Equal Distance
dx, dy, dz> 22840,0,0
Click OK

## Select Individual Tendons created

Click on Modify
Change Tendon Names as per table

Click Close

then Copy

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

44

Step

02

1
2

Click Temp/Prestress

## Select Load Case Name Prestressing

Input by Stress
Select Jacking Both
Enter Begin 1395 N/mm2
Enter End 1395 N/mm2
Select Group Name PS-Span 1
Select Tendons G1T1 to G5T4
Click on >
Click Close
4

## Similarly Select Group Name PS-Span 2

Select Tendons G6T1 to G10T4
Click on >

5

45

Step

02

1

## Under Moving Load Code select

India

Note: To increase the accuracy of vehicular live load analysis for bridges with crossbeams, the number of Cross Beams may be increased.
This can be done by providing large number of equally spaced fictitious Cross Beams in the transverse direction, having weight
density = 0. The depth and width of these Cross Beams will be equal to the deck slab thickness and center-to-center distance
between the Cross Beams, respectively.

46

Step

02

1
3

## Click Traffic Line Lanes

Enter Lane Name Class A 1
View the figure provided
Enter Eccentricity -0.3m
Enter Wheel Spacing 1.8m
Enter Span Length 22.8m
Select Selection by 2 Points
beam
Select cross beam group Cross Elements
Click in the Box
Select Moving direction as Both
Click on node no. 96
Click on Node no. 149
Click OK

2
3

## For other lanes, similarly change

names, wheel spacing and
eccentricities as below:
Enter Lane Name Class A 2
Enter Eccentricity -3.8m
Enter Wheel Spacing 1.8m
Enter Lane Name Class A 3
Enter Eccentricity -7.3m
Enter Wheel Spacing 1.8m
Enter Lane Name Class A 4
Enter Eccentricity -10.8m
Enter Wheel Spacing 1.8m
Enter Lane Name Class 70R 1
Enter Eccentricity -1.15m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2.29m
Enter Lane Name Class 70R 2
Enter Eccentricity -5.14m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2.29m

Node no. 96
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

47

Step

02

1

Click Vehicles

1
3

4
6

Click Apply

Click OK

Click Close

48

Step

02

1

## Enter Scale Factor 1

Enter Minimum Loaded Lanes as 1
Enter Maximum Loaded Lanes as 4
Select Vehicle as Class A
Under List of Lanes Select Class A 1,
Class A 2, Class A 3, Class A 4

Click on ->
Click OK
8

## Click OK and Click Close

Note: To take into account of the wheel spacing and minimum clearance for
different vehicles, the Auto Live Load Combination option can be
unchecked and manually different moving load combinations can be
created for the vehicles as per IRC 6:2000.

49

Step

02

1

## Enter Scale Factor 1

Enter Minimum Loaded Lanes as 1
Enter Maximum Loaded Lanes as 2
Select Vehicle as Class 70R
Under List of Lanes Select Class 70R 1,
Class 70R 2

Click on ->
Click OK
8

## Click OK and Click Close

Note: To take into account of the wheel spacing and minimum clearance for
different vehicles, the Auto Live Load Combination option can be
unchecked and manually different moving load combinations can be
created for the vehicles as per IRC 6:2000.

50

Step

02

1

## Uncheck Auto Live Load Combination

Enter Scale Factor 1
Enter Minimum Loaded Lanes as 0
Enter Maximum Loaded Lanes as 1
Select Vehicle as Class 70R
Under List of Lanes Select Class 70R 1
Click on ->
Click OK
Enter Scale Factor 1
Enter Minimum Loaded Lanes as 0
Enter Maximum Loaded Lanes as 1
Select Vehicle as Class 70R
Under List of Lanes Select Class 70R 1
Click on ->
Click OK

## Click OK and Click Close

Note: To take into account of the wheel spacing and minimum clearance for
different vehicles, the Auto Live Load Combination option can be
unchecked and manually different moving load combinations can be
created for the vehicles as per IRC 6:2000.

51

Step

02

## Construction Stage Analysis

This function allows us to define necessary
construction stages to analyze a bridge
structure reflecting the effects of evolving
structure configurations and elastic and
time dependent (creep and shrinkage)
displacements.
Each construction stage is identified with
activated (or deactivated) element,
boundary and load groups. Each stage
retains a unique element group, a
boundary group and a load group, forming
an interim independent structure. The
stage information that was difficult to
define in Wizard can now be added or
modified using this function.
Note:
The results of all prior construction stages are
accumulated and applied to the current stage. Once
activated elements, boundary conditions and loads
remain active until they are deactivated. When an
element is removed, the internal forces are internally
imposed to the contiguous remaining elements in
the opposite directions.

Stage
CS 1

Days
1

CS 2

21

CS3

21

CS 4

21

CS 5

14

CS 6

9922

Details
Pier and Pier Cap are activated at the age of 28 days
Girders of the span 1 are stressed and launched
Girders of span 1 are resting on temporary support
Casting of Diaphragm for span 1 begins
Girders of span 1 are shifted to actual bearings
Diaphragm of span 1 are activated at age of 14 days
Casting of slab for span 1 begins at the 14th day of CS3
Girders for span 2 are launched
Girders of span 2 are resting on temporary support
Casting of Diaphragm for span 2 begins
Diaphragm of span 2 are activated at age of 14 days
Deck slab of span 1 is activated at age of 14 days
Casting of slab for span 2 begins on the 7th day of CS 4
Girders for span 2 are shifted to actual bearings
Deck slab for span 2 is activated at the age of 14 days
To check the long term stresses of structure
Casting of Crash Barrier and Wearing Course

52

Step

02

Analysis Data

3
1

Data
3

4

4

## Select CS1 under Group List

Enter Age 28

10

5
6

Note: Age reflects the effects of creep and shrinkage on the elements. The Age
represents the time elapsed from the time of concrete casting prior to the start of
the current construction stage being defined. That is, the Age is the maturity of the
element groups at the start of the current stage being defined. The Age typically
represents the time span from the time of concrete casting to the time of removal
of formwork for horizontal members such as slabs.

10

53

Step

02

Analysis Data
1

Select Deformed

1

54

Step

02

Analysis Data
1

1

Click Apply
2

55

Step

02

## Define Construction Stage

Analysis Data
Similarly assign other groups to the
respective construction stages as per

the image

56

Step

02

## Define Construction Stage

Analysis Data
Similarly assign other groups to the
respective construction stages as per

the image

57

Step

02

## Define Construction Stage

Analysis Data
Similarly assign other groups to the
respective construction stages as per

the image

58

Step

02

## Define Construction Stage

Analysis Data
Similarly assign other groups to the
respective construction stages as per

the image

59

Step

02

## Define Construction Stage

Analysis Data
Similarly assign other groups to the
respective construction stages as per

the image

60

Step

02

Modeling >

Stage

3
1

## Click Composite Section for C.S.

Select Active Stage CS02
*Select Section Girder Mid
Select Composite Type Normal
Under Construction Sequence
For Part I
Select Material Type Element
Set Composite Stage Active Stage
Enter Age 14
#h will be automatically entered
For Part II
Select Material Type Material
Select Material M30
Select Composite Stage CS04
Enter Age 10 days
Enter h 1m
Click Apply

## *Similarly for the other 4 Section

types for both spans, namely: Girder
Support, Mid-Sup, Sup-Mid follow
step 3. Only section type changes,
rest is similar.
#h needs to be entered for taper
section.
5

Click Close

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

61

Step

03

Analysis >

1

2

Go to Analysis tab

3

5

Calculation RC
4

Click OK

62

Step

03

Analysis >

1

## Construction Stage Analysis

Control
1
2

Go to Analysis tab
Click Construction Stage
Select Final Stage Last Stage
Select Analysis Option Include Time
Dependent Effect
Click on Time Dependent Effect
Control
Select Type Creep & Shrinkage
Select Tendon Tension Loss Effect
(Creep & Shrinkage)
Select Variation of Comp. Strength
Select Tendon Tension Loss (Elastic
Shortening)
Click OK
Check Frame Output Calculate
Output of Each part of Composite
Section

63

Step

03

Analysis >

## Construction Stage Analysis

Control
1

Output:
Set case name as SIDL
Set type as DW
Click OK
Output:
Double Click Load Case Crash Barrier
Set case name as Crash Barrier
Set type as DC
Click OK

Click OK

Note: Construction Stage Analysis Control is explained in detail in the help file .
Path: Help > Contents > Start > Analysis > Construction Stage Analysis Control

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

64

Step

03

Analysis >

Perform Analysis

Run Analysis
1
2
1

Go to Analysis tab

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

65

Step

04

Result>

Combination

1
1

Go to Results tab

Click OK

Click Close

4
7

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

66

Step

04

Result>

Reaction

Result Verification

1
6

Go to Results tab

Click Reactions

2
3

4

Select Value
5

Click Apply

7

Click OK

## Check the values in new window

5
13

Result-[Reaction]

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

67

Step

04

Result>

Displacement

Result Verification
1

Go to Results tab

Click Deformations

## Click Displacement Contour

Select Components

Click Apply

2
4
3

## Note: By Invoking the tables of

any component of result and

68

Step

04

Result>

## Concurrent Forces For Moving Load Analysis

1
10

Result Verification

2
1

Go to Results tab

Click Forces

11

5

& Stresses
5

70R (MV:max)

Click OK

8
6

Item
9

10

12

70R (MV:max)
11

Click OK

12

## See in Concurrent forces in the table

Result by Max Value-[Beam Force]
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

69

Step

04

Result>

## Vehicle Position for Moving Load Analysis

1

Result Verification

2
1

Go to Results tab

70R

5
3

## Select Key Element 169

Select Part 1/2
Select Component My
4

Click Apply

Vehicle position

70

Step

04

Result>

## Vehicle Position for Moving Load Analysis

2

Result Verification
1

## To Convert this Vehicle Load

Position into a Static Load Case:
1

## Click Write Min/Max Load to File

Click OK
Copy all the data from the Midas/Text
Editor

Go to Tools tab

Shell Window
Click Run
will be created
4

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

71

Step

04

Result>

Stresses
1

Result Verification
2
1

Click Stresses

## Click Beam Stresses

Select Components

Click Apply

4
3
5

## Note: To view the results in tables,

click Results Tables and browse
to required quantity
Note: The significance of various stress components are clearly explained in detail in the help file .
Path: Help > Contents > Start > Result > Stresses > Beam Stresses

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

72

Step

04

Result>

Tendon Loss
1
2

Result Verification
1

Go to Results tab

Click Tendon

## By grouping the tendons, the average

prestress force at the CG of the cables
along the length of the bridge can be
seen in Tendon Arrangement (Path:
Results > Result Tables > Tendon >
Tendon Arrangement.)

## Note: Similarly the tables of tendon

Coordinates,
Elongation
,
Weight can be checked.

73

Step

04

Result>

## Elastic Link Forces (Bearing Forces)

1

Result Verification
1

Go to Results tab

Click OK

## Note: Similarly, forces for all the cases

could be viewed, which could
be used for design of bearings.

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

74

Step

05

(1) DXF Import
Important considerations:
Polyline in dxf file will be imported as a plate elements.
Surface in dxf file will be imported as a plate element.
Solid cannot be imported.
Unit system must be consistent.

import
Line
Beam Elements

import
Polyline Rectangle

import

Plate Element

3-D Face

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

75

Step

05

(2) Integral Bridge
Using the formulation proposed by B.M. Lehane, soil springs can be assigned.
To account for this characteristic of the soil, lateral springs are modeled as compression-only
springs and vertical springs are modeled as linear elastic springs.

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

76

Step

05

Self weight
Specified Displacement of Supports
System Temperature - for applying the change in temperature to whole structure.
Nodal Temperate for applying change in temperature to certain nodes.
Element Temperature for applying change in temperature to certain elements.
Temperature Gradient for applying change in temperature to beam and plate sections.
Beam Section Temperature for applying temperature gradient to beam sections (General
Sections and PSC sections).

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

77

Step

05

(4) Section Property Calculator

## The Import function permits the use of AutoCAD

DXF files.
Simple data entry using various modeling functions
The section property calculations are provided for
the input section configuration by generating fully
automated optimum meshes.
The properties of hybrid sections composed of
different material properties can be calculated

## 2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

78

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