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GMGA3033 Operasi Dasar Awam

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PERANCANGAN AKADEMIK
SEMESTER OKTOBER SESI 2016/2017

GMGA 3033
OPERASI DASAR AWAM

PUSAT PENDIDIKAN PROFESIONAL DAN LANJUTAN (PACE)


UNIVERSITI UTARA MALAYSIA

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KOD KURSUS
:
GMGA 3033
KURSUS
:
OPERASI DASAR AWAM
JAM KREDIT
:
3
NAMA PENYELARAS : DR. MOHD FITRI IBRAHIM
017-4992982; mohdfitri@uum.edu.my
PUAN ZALINAH AHMAD
0194163747; zalinah@uum.edu.my
SINOPSIS
Kursus ini bertujuan untuk mendedahkan kepada pelajar mengenai operasi dasar awam yang
digubal oleh kerajaan atau sektor awam. Setiap peringkat pembuatan dasar awam akan dianalisis
secara terperinci. Analisis yang dikaji akan mengaitkan pelbagai isu sama ada dari sudut
ekonomi, politik dan sosial. Perkara yang akan dibincangkan ialah matlamat dasar, pembentukan
agenda, permasalahan dasar, teknik-teknik analisis dasar, perumusan dasar, peramalan alternatif
dasar, dan pemakaian dasar. Kursus ini juga akan mengkaji konsep penilaian dasar awam seperti
anggaran kos, keberkesanan kos, pertimbangan-pertimbangan analitikal, dan kebolehlaksanaan
dasar awam yang digubal.
OBJEKTIF
Di akhir pembelajaran ini, pelajar diharap dapat:
1. mengetahui matlamat penggubalan dasar awam.
2. mengetahui aspek-aspek proses dasar awam terutama proses mengenal pasti masalah
dasar
3. memahami proses pembentukan isu kepada agenda kerajaan.
4. mengetahui strategi-strategi pelaksanaaan dasar.
HASIL PEMBELAJARAN
Pada akhir kursus ini, pelajar akan dapat
1.
membincangkan isu-isu semasa dasar awam
2.
mengemukakan cadangan dasar yang bersesuaian
3.
menghubungkaitkan matlamat dasar dengan proses pembuatan dasar
4.
membandingkan teknik-teknik penstrukturan bagi mengenal pasti masalah dasar.
5.
menilai dasar yang dilaksanakan.
PENGENDALIAN KURSUS
Kursus ini dikendalikan secara pembelajaran kendiri dimana pelajar akan dibekalkan dengan
modul khusus sebagai rujukan utama. Di dalam modul ini pelajar telahpun dilengkapkan dengan
soalan latihan dan penilaian kendiri sebagai tambahan kepada nota. Bagi memperolehi
pemahaman yang berkesan, pelajar dinasihatkan untuk membaca rujukan lain. Pelajar juga
dinasihat untuk membuat nota ringkas bagi setiap pelajaran dan cuba menjawab soalan-soalan
peperiksaan tahun-tahun lepas terutama sekali soalan-soalan berbentuk esei permasalahan. Cara
ini akan dapat menolong pelajar untuk memahami dengan lebih jelas satu-satu pelajaran serta
dapat meningkatkan kemahiran pelajar dalam mengaplikasikan teori-teori dan disiplin dalam
bidang ini.
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Di samping pembelajaran kendiri melalui modul khusus yang dibekalkan, empat sesi perjumpaan
antara pelajar dan tenaga pengajar telah diatur dan jadual perjumpaan telah ditetapkan. Di dalam
setiap pertemuan yang telah dijadualkan penumpuan akan lebih berkesan kepada sesi
perbincangan dan soal jawab. Pelajar dinasihatkan membuat beberapa persediaan berikut
sebelum hadir ke sesi perjumpaan:
i. Membaca terlebih dahulu topik-topik yang telah ditetapkan untuk setiap sesi pertemuan
ii. Membuat rujukan tambahan tentang isu-isu semasa yang berkaitan dengan pembelajaran
(misalnya rencana akhbar atau majalah) yang boleh dipertimbangkan di dalam kelas
iii. Memberi kerjasama dan bersedia untuk melibatkan diri dalam sesi perbincangan yang
dikendalikan
PENILAIAN KURSUS
Penilaian akan dilakukan berdasarkan tugasan, peperiksaan pertengahan semester dan
peperiksaan akhir. Ketiga-tiga komponen ini akan diterangkan dengan lebih lanjut dalam
bahagian seterusnya. Agihan markah adalah seperti berikut:
Kerja Kursus: 60%
Peperiksaan Pertengahan Semester : 20%
Perbincangan/Latihan Kumpulan/ Pembentangan : 20%
Tugasan Individu : 20%
Peperiksaan akhir: 40%
TUGASAN INDIVIDU (20%)
Arahan: Setiap pelajar perlu membuka PORTAL RASMI PARLIMEN MALAYSIA. Daripada
portal tersebut pelajar dikehendaki ke PENYATA RASMI DEWAN RAKYAT.
1. Pelajar perlu memilih LAPORAN PARLIMEN yang berlaku sepanjang tahun 2015
(Penggal Ketiga)
2. Berdasarkan LAPORAN TERSEBUT PELAJAR PERLU;
i. Kenal pasti SATU (1) ISU UTAMA yang dibincangkan dalam persidangan tersebut
(Kaitkan dengan bab 3 Jenis Isu)
ii. Apakah MATLAMAT UTAMA isu tersebut dibincangkan? (Kaitkan dengan bab 1
Matlamat Dasar)
iii. Kenalpasti BENTUK PENYELESAIAN dasar yang dicadangkan dalam
menyelesaikan isu tersebut. (kaitkan dengan bab 4 _ Bentuk Penyelesaian Dasar)
iv. Apakah KAEDAH PERLAKSANAAN DASAR yang diputuskan untuk megatasi isu
tersebut ATAU Pada pandangan anda, apakah KAEDAH/Teknik PELAKSANAAN
DASAR (SEKIRANYA TIDAK DIBINCANGKAN DALAM LAPORAN
TERSEBUT) yang paling sesuai untuk isu tersebut (bab 6 Pelaksanaan Dasar).
Penulisan: tidak melebihi 5000 patah perkataan (10 20 mukasurat); langkau 1.5
(spacing); Font 12, Times New Roman. Rujukan menggunakan format APA.
HANTAR PADA PERTEMUAN KETIGA
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TUGASAN KUMPULAN (20%)


Perbincangan/Pembentangan/Latihan Kumpulan (20%)
Pelajar perlu membentuk kumpulan antara 3-4 orang. Setiap kumpulan perlu memilih salah satu
isu yang terdapat dalam Lampiran yang disertakan.
Tugasan berkumpulan secara berperingkat dan pembentangan hasil tugasan perlu dibentang pada
setiap pertemuan.
1. Latihan Kumpulan bagi Pertemuan I
Berdasarkan isu yang dipilih, kenal pasti punca permasalahan tersebut kepada orang
awam/masyarakat setempat. (Kaitkan bab 3 teknik penstrukturan masalah)
Jawapan perlu dibentang pada pertemuan kedua.
2. Soalan perbincangan/latihan kumpulan
Berdasarkan isu yang dipilih, cadangkan bagaimana masalah itu dapat diatasi.
(kaitkan dengan bab 4 penyelesaian dasar) dan bagaimanakah penyelesaian dasar
itu dapat dilaksanakan.
Presentation pertemuan ketiga.
3. Soalan perbincangan/latihan kumpulan/
Sekiranya masalah tersebut diselesaikan dengan dasar tertentu, cadangkan SATU (1)
bentuk penilaian dasar yang sesuai bagi menilai penyelesaian dasar yang telah anda
cadangkan. Anda juga perlu mencadangkan DUA (2) kriteria yang sesuai untuk
melakukan penilaian dasar tersebut. (kaitkan dengan bab 7)
Presentation pada Pertemuan IV
Arahan: Penulisan :Adalah dalam lingkungan 5 - 10 mukasurat (double-spacing, font 12)
PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN SEMESTER
Peperiksaan pertengahan semester akan diadakan pada pertemuan ketiga (3). Ia merangkumi
Bab 1 hingga Bab 4 sahaja (mengikut modul). Peperiksaan ini akan membawa 20% daripada
markah keseluruhan. Format soalan ialah berbentuk struktur.
PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR SEMESTER
Peperiksaan akhir akan diadakan pada pertemuan kelima (5). TARIKH PEPERIKSAAN
AKHIR ADALAH TARIKH TENTATIF. Sebarang perubahan akan dimaklumkan kemudian.
Masa menjawab yang diperuntukan adalah 2 jam 30 minit.

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RUJUKAN UTAMA
Modul GMGA3033
RUJUKAN TAMBAHAN
Hill, Michael (2009). The policy process. United Kingdom. Prentice Hall.
Kingdon, J.W (2011). Agendas, alternatives, and public policies. Boston: Longman.
Lester, J. P. & Stewart, J. Jr. (2008) Public policy: An evolutionary approach (3rd ed.).
Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
Stone, Deborah (2012). Policy paradox: The art of political decision making. New York:
W.W.Norton & Co.
Ahmad Atory Hussain. (2000). Analisis dasar awam: Peranan kerajaan mengatasi
masalah ekonomi dalam sistem pasaran bebas. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan
Publication & Distribution Sdn. Bhd.
Sabitha Marican. (1997). Dasar awam di Malaysia: Isu dan konsep. Kuala Lumpur:
Utusan Publication & Distributors Sdn. Bhd.
Stone, D. (1998). Policy paradox and political reason. USA: Scott, Foresman &
Company.

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JADUAL SESI PERTEMUAN, PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN SEMESTER DAN


PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR

Pertemuan

Modul

Penerangan berkaitan kursus


Penerangan tentang tugasan
Bab 1 dan Bab 2
Perbincangan/Latihan Kumpulan I

Bab 3, Bab 4 dan Bab 5


Perbincangan/Latihan Kumpulan II

Bab 6
Perbincangan/Latihan Kumpulan III
Peperiksaan Pertengahan Semester (Bab 1, 2, 3 dan 4)
Pembentangan
Penyerahan tugasan Individu

Bab 7 dan Bab 8


Perbincangan/Latihan Kumpulan/ Pembentangan
Hantar Tugasan Kumpulan dan Pembentangan
Penerangan peperiksaan akhir

Peperiksaan Akhir Semester


Keseluruhan Bab dan Nota Tambahan yang diberikan

Tempoh

4 jam

4 jam

2 jam
2 jam

4 jam

2 jam

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Lampiran 1
Press Statement issued by the Vice-Chairman MCPF Tan Sri Lee Lam Thye Vice-Chairman of the
Malaysia Crime Prevention Foundation (MCPF)
Tan Sri Lee Lam Thye today called on all Malaysians from all strata of society to be united in a common
endeavor to combat crime and help address the public fear factor towards crime. Lee also suggested
political parties from both sides of the political divide should work with the Police by offering
constructive suggestions on enhancing police performance to address crime and social ills with the
involvement of NGOs, private sector and concerned citizens. Constant police bashing will not help but
sharing and implementing ideas on how the Police can achieve more in terms of solving and preventing
crimes is the preferred approach. On the part of the police it must always be prepared to listen and
improve while taking steps to address its shortcomings and weaknesses.
Lee pointed out today that while making Malaysia crime-free is not possible more could and should be
done to reduce crime in the country through enhanced community policing and further improvement in
the delivery and monitoring of policing services for the benefit of the people with active public
participation. Crime and criminal activities have become an issue of major concern to all Malaysians.
Violent and traumatic crimes must be viewed with utmost seriousness not only by the government, our
law enforcement agencies and the judiciary but also by our communities as a whole.
The MCPF wishes to accord due recognition to police efforts to reduce both the street crime and index
crime in the implementation of its approach to address crime and public safety. Despite its success the
Police has to relentlessly pursue its anti-crime Agenda and put in even greater efforts to fight crime and
strive to be world-class in terms of policing. In all fairness to the Police there is no doubt that its increased
presence and joint patrols with other enforcement agencies in the crime hot spots has succeeded to reduce
street and other crimes although such crimes still continue to occur. I wish also to put on record that
police efforts in reducing crime would not have been possible without public co-operation and
participation of various NGOs like the MCPF which 2 have stood by the Police all the way in educating
and encouraging the public to come forward to help prevent crime.
While much has been done by the Police in reducing crime, the IGP and his team must take steps to face
even greater challenges in the days ahead. The Police need to increase its policing effectiveness, adopt
even better techniques and ways to deal with a changing landscape and enhance its role in the delivery
and monitoring of policing services for the benefit of the people. While much has been achieved to reduce
crime, to me, the biggest challenge facing the Police is to have more engagements with the public to
address the negative public perception and the fear of crime.
According to a recent media report as much as 52.9 percent of the population surveyed are affected by
the fear of crime. The fear of crime is as serious as crime itself and this has to be addressed effectively.
On the educational front we need continuous awareness programmes to reach out to all strata of society
and educate our youths and teenagers to keep away from social ills. Our prime concern is with regard to
the emergence of many social ills afflicting our youths and teenagers. Schools need to tighten discipline
with the help of teachers, parents and the authorities concerned. Parents must never abdicate their
responsibility in the upbringing of their children and need to always think about their children, their safety
outside of home and school. Parents cannot be unconcerned about the problems of children growing up
and must play their role to guide their children to grow up into good and useful individuals. The recent
spate of missing children serves as a wake-up call to parents to exercise greater caution and vigilance over
the safety of their children and do more for child protection. If an increase in crime rate is part of the price
of progress, then we will have to nip this negative aspect of development in the bud.
Tan Sri Lee Lam Thye
Vice-Chairman MCPF

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Lampiran 2
Water vending machines must be licensed
STUDIES conducted on samples of water from vending machines have raised concerns about the quality
and safety of the water. In 2014, Forum Air Malaysia (FAM) tested samples of water taken from vending
machines and found some to be contaminated with bacteria such as E. coli and Clostridium perfringens.
Drinking water contaminated by these bacteria can cause people to suffer from stomach aches, diarrhoea,
queasiness, etc. It is especially dangerous for persons whose immune system is not strong enough, like
babies, children and those who are ill. Drinking contaminated water may also cause flatulence or
constant stomach pains, symptoms which we never think can be caused by the water we drink.
Low-cost housing areas such as flats and high-density areas (near universities and colleges) are the
favourite spots for agents or owners to install their water vending machines. In some places, vending
machines may be the main source of drinking water for some people. Neglect or poor maintenance of the
machines will impact the health of consumers. A report on the results of the tests done in 2014 was sent
to the Food Safety and Quality Division (FSQD) of the Health Ministry to push for enforcement of the
regulations stipulated under the licensing of water vending machines in the Food Hygiene Regulation
2009.
The Health Ministry immediately did another round of tests, this time on 630 machines, to prevent the
presence of contaminated machines in the market. It also mandated that all water vending machines to be
licensed under Regulation 360c(4) of the Food Regulations 1985 by January 2016. Failure to do this will
result in a RM5,000 fine or a two-year jail term.
By now, all water vending machines in the market should bear the sticker licence approved by the Health
Ministry. Strict enforcement is needed to tackle the problem of contaminated water vending machines,
and the Health Ministry should publish a sample of the sticker in the media to make consumers aware of
it. Consumers who frequently buy water from vending machines should also become the eyes and ears
of the Health Ministry and report broken or rusty machines to the vendor or Health authorities for further
action. This not only protects consumers but also helps the authorities to identify unlicensed machines
that are mushrooming in public.
JESSLYN PEK YEN LEE
Communication and Policy Manager
Forum Air Malaysia
Source:
licensed/

http://www.thestar.com.my/opinion/letters/2016/01/07/water-vending-machines-must-be-

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Lampiran 3
Review safety in recreation areas
It is a tragedy when accidents happen to people while they are enjoying themselves with their loved ones.
Time and again, we hear and read about accidents happening to people while they were engaged in their
recreational or leisure pursuits. Every year, more people are becoming interested in taking up recreational
pursuits due to better locations, good accessibility and improved transportation to places of interest. In
fact, at certain times like school holidays, some recreation centres are filled to the brim with visitors. With
Malaysia enjoying a warm climate all year round, parks, recreation and amenity centres will be patronised
not only by Malaysians but visitors from other countries as well. Public safety in parks and recreation
areas, which was highlighted in the media recently and commented on by several concerned ministers, is
one of the most important things which the Malaysia Park, Amenity and Recreation Management Society
(MyParks) would like to share and discuss.
As a professional body that looks into the management of parks, amenity and recreation centres in
Malaysia, we would like to congratulate the Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government Minister
on his efforts in this aspect. When accidents and deaths occur in parks and recreation areas, especially
those that are water-based, naturally there is something not right to begin with. MyParks feels there
should not be any finger-pointing at this point in time. It is not a matter of who should take responsibility
or that people are not using their common sense and ignore the dangers that are lurking. It is more about
informing people about the site. Providing enough guidance, even common ones by local standards, is
very important to an outsider, and more so to foreign visitors.
We at MyParks would like to suggest that the Government conduct a study on the needs of the Malaysian
public for parks and recreation areas that are well designed and properly managed. A park, whether it is
small urban, rural, regional, state or even a national one, must be designed for a purpose. Qualified
personnel are required to manage a park to look after its unique attractions and to attend to the needs of
visitors. A trained parks and recreation manager can look at the design aspect, the sites attractions and
landscape, the types of people who will visit and the safety aspects. A park, recreation or amenity area
must be planned to suit the intended purpose, sense of place and the needs of the users. While the
intention to open up our nations landscape for recreation is indeed noble, necessary and timely for our
growing population, we must also look at all the factors that should be put in place to ensure safety and
effectiveness of the targeted areas.
ASSOC PROF DR KAMARUL BAHRAIN SHUIB
Honorary Secretary,
Malaysia Park, Amenity and Recreation Management Society (MyParks)
Shah Alam
Source:http://www.thestar.com.my/opinion/letters/2016/01/04/review-safety-in-recreation-areas/

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Lampiran 4
Promote a culture of peace
FESTIVE occasions in our multiracial nation should be used to promote moderation, social cohesion and
racial integration through the participation in celebrations involving all Malaysians irrespective of race
and religion. As Malaysian Chinese celebrate the lunar Year of the Monkey, Malaysians of other races
and religious faiths should use the occasion to further strengthen the bonds of friendship, inter-racial and
inter-religious harmony in the true spirit of 1 Malaysia.
Malaysia is unique in that the festive occasion of one ethnic group is also celebrated by other ethnic
groups making our festive occasions truly multiracial in character. Building understanding and respect
among the diverse ethnic groups based on the provisions in the Federal Constitution and the Rukun
Negara is the key to peace and harmony in a multi-racial and multi-religious country like Malaysia.
Multi-racial living and community are part of our history and heritage. They have become an important
source of racial integration for many years and have certainly played a part in making Malaysia a
harmonious place to live, learn, work and play. Social cohesion and unity are priceless gifts that must be
preserved and cherished by all Malaysians. .
To me, achieving unity among the diverse races, religions and cultures is the nations biggest challenge
the challenge that is key to our very survival. Racial and religious polarisation are the biggest obstacles to
social cohesion and national unity and it should be the responsibility of all Malaysians to reject such
polarisation in whatever form for the sake of racial and religious harmony as well as unity.
The immediate and most urgent task for all Malaysians today is to stand up and be counted to check the
surge of racism, extremism and religious bigotry that has reared its ugly head in recent years. For those
who persist in making incendiary statements and instigate racial and religious tension, action should be
taken against them without fear or favour to help restore public confidence in the process.
Respect for one anothers culture and religion has been the hallmark of our multi-racial society. It is the
duty of each and every Malaysian, irrespective of race and religion, to keep building respect among
various religions in our multi-religious nation. Annual festivities like Hari Raya, Christmas, Deepavali
and the Chinese New Year are auspicious occasions for all races to cultivate harmony, goodwill, peace
and unity.
Every Malaysian should be fully committed to preserving harmony, goodwill and unity. Relentless efforts
must be made by everyone to promote a culture of peace, harmony and unity.
TAN SRI LEE LAM THYE
Trustee of 1 Malaysia Foundation
Source: http://www.thestar.com.my/opinion/letters/2016/02/08/promote-a-culture-of-peace/