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DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR .............................................................................................. i


DAFTAR ISI............................................................................................................iv
DAFTAR GAMBAR ...............................................................................................vi
DAFTAR TABEL....................................................................................................vii

BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang Pelaksanaan Pengalaman Lapangan Industri ........................ 1
1.1.1 Tujuan Kegiatan Pengalaman Lapangan Industri.................................. 2
1.1.1.1 Bagi Mahasiswa......................................................................... 2
1.1.1.2 Bagi Institusi Pendidikan........................................................... 3
1.1.1.3 Bagi Perusahaan ........................................................................ 3
1.1.2 Batasan Masalah .................................................................................... 3
1.1.3 Waktu dan Tempat Pelaksanaan Pengalaman Lapangan Industri ......... 3
1.1.4 Metode Pengumpulan Data ................................................................... 3
1.1.4.1 Metode Observasi ...................................................................... 3
1.1.4.2 Metode Partisipasi ..................................................................... 4
1.1.4.3 Metode Kepustakaan ................................................................. 4
1.1.4.4 Metode Pengumpulan Data secara Online................................. 4
1.1.5 Sistematika Penulisan Laporan.............................................................. 4
1.2 Deskripsi Tentang Perusahaan........................................................................ 5
1.2.1 Sejarah ................................................................................................... 5
1.2.1.1 PLTD Payo Selincah ................................................................. 5
1.2.1.2 PLTG Batanghari....................................................................... 6
1.2.1.3 PLTMG Sei Gelam.................................................................... 7
1.2.2 Struktur Organisasi Pusat Listrik Payo Selincah................................... 8
1.3 Rencana Pemeliharaan Periodik 2015 2019 ................................................ 9
1.4 Perencanaan Kegiatan Pengalaman Lapangan Industri.................................. 9
1.5 Pelaksanaan Kegiatan PLI serta HambatanHambatan yang Ditemui dan
Penyelesaiannya.............................................................................................. 10

iv

BAB II PEMBAHASAN
2.1 Aspek-Aspek Teoritis ..................................................................................... 11
2.1.1 Pengertian dan Fungsi Transformator ................................................... 12
2.1.2 Prinsip Kerja Transformator.................................................................. 12
2.1.3 Bagian Transformator dan Fungsinya ................................................... 13
2.1.3.1 Electromagnetic Circuit (Inti Besi) ........................................... 13
2.1.3.2 Current Carrying Circuit (Winding) ......................................... 13
2.1.3.3 Bushing ...................................................................................... 14
2.1.3.4 Pendingin ................................................................................... 14
2.1.3.5 Oil Preservation & Expansion (Konservator) ........................... 15
2.1.3.6 Dielectric (Minyak Isolasi Transformator & Isolasi Kertas)..... 17
2.1.3.7 Tap Changer .............................................................................. 17
2.1.4 Sistem Proteksi pada Trafo Daya .......................................................... 17
2.1.4.1 Jenis-Jenis Relay Proteksi.......................................................... 18
2.2 Pemeliharaan Sistem Proteksi Elektrikal Trafo Daya .................................... 21
2.2.1 Pemeliharaan Rutin................................................................................ 22
2.2.1.1 Pengencangan ............................................................................ 22
2.2.1.2 Pembersihan............................................................................... 22
2.2.1.3 Pengecekan Parameter............................................................... 22
2.2.2 Pemeliharaan Perodik ............................................................................ 23
2.2.2.1 Pengujian dan Kalibrasi............................................................. 23
2.3 Relay Proteksi Elektrikal di PLTG Batanghari ............................................. 25

BAB III PENUTUP


3.1 Kesimpulan..................................................................................................... 29
3.2 Saran ............................................................................................................... 29

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ............................................................................................... 31