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DAFTAR ISI

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN.......................................................................................i
KATA PENGANTAR.................................................................................................ii
DAFTAR ISI..............................................................................................................iii
DAFTAR TABEL.......................................................................................................vi
DAFTAR GAMBAR..................................................................................................vii
BAB I
1.1.
1.2.

PENDAHULUAN..................................................................................1
Latar Belakang.......................................................................................1
Kerja Praktek .........................................................................................2

BAB II

TINJAUAN UMUM PT PETROKIMIA GRESIK............................3

2.1.

Sejarah dan Perkembangan PT. Petrokimia Gresik.................................3

2.2.

Visi dan Misi PT. Petrokimia Gresik.......................................................4

2.3.

Perluasan Perusahaan .............................................................................4

2.4.

Lokasi Industri PT. Petrokimia Gresik....................................................5

2.5.

Logo dan Arti Logo PT. Petrokimia Gresik............................................6

2.6.

Unit Produksi PT. Petrokimia..................................................................7

2.7.

Anak Perusahaan.....................................................................................10

2.8.

Unit Prasarana Pendukung......................................................................12

2.9.

Stuktur Organisasi dan Ketenagakerjaan PT. Petrokimia Gresik............13

2.10.

Koperasi Keluarga Karyawan PT. Petrokimia Gresik (K3PG)...............17

2.11.

Jam Kerja PT. Petrokimia Gresik............................................................17

BAB III

PROSES PRODUKSI...........................................................................18

3.1.

Pabrik NPK I-IV (Reaksi).......................................................................18

3.1.1

Bahan Baku Utama..................................................................................18

3.1.2.

Bahan Penunjang.....................................................................................22

3.1.3.

Produk.....................................................................................................22

3.1.4.

Alur Proses..............................................................................................22

3.1.5.

Deskripsi Proses Fisik/Kimiawi dalam Alur Proses ...............................24

3.2.

Pabrik Pupuk ZK (K2SO4).......................................................................34

3.2.1.

Uraian Proses...........................................................................................36

3.2.1.1

Persiapan Bahan Baku.............................................................................36

3.3.

NPK Granulasi I-IV................................................................................40


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3.3.1.

Persiapan Bahan Baku.............................................................................40

3.3.2.

Pengumpulan bahan baku solid...............................................................41

3.3.3.

Proses Granulasi......................................................................................41

3.3.4

Pengeringan (dryer).................................................................................42

3.3.5.

Pendinginan (cooler)...............................................................................42

3.3.6.

Proses Pengayakan (screening)...............................................................43

3.3.7.

Pelapisan (coater)....................................................................................44

3.3.8.

Bagging System.......................................................................................44

3.3.9.

Penyerapan gas (gas scrubbing)..............................................................45

3.4.

Pabrik Pupuk SP-36 (PF)........................................................................45

3.4.1.

Proses Pembuatan Pupuk SP-36 (PF)......................................................46

3.4.2.

Proses reaksi yang terjadi di drag convenyor..........................................47

BAB IV

SPESIFIKASI ALAT DAN INSTRUMENTASI................................48

4.1.

Alat Utama Produksi...............................................................................48

4.2.

Alat Instrumen.........................................................................................57

BAB V

UTILITAS..............................................................................................59

5.1.

Unit Utilitas.............................................................................................59

5.1.1.

Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik......................................................................60

5.1.2.

Unit Penyediaan Uap...............................................................................61

5.1.2.1.

Proses Pembuatan Steam.........................................................................63

5.1.2.2.

Safety Device Boiler...............................................................................65

5.1.3.

Unit Penyediaan Sistem Udara Tekan dan Udara Instrument.................66

5.1.3.1.

Penyediaan Plant air dan Instrument air..................................................66

5.1.3.2.

Safety Device Compresor........................................................................68

5.1.4

Unit Penyediaan Bahan Baku..................................................................68

5.1.4.1.

Phosporic Acid Storage...........................................................................68

5.1.4.2.

Sulfuric Acid Storage..............................................................................75

5.1.4.3.

Unit Mixed Acid......................................................................................76

5.1.5.

Unit Penyediaan Air................................................................................78

5.1.5.1.

Sumber air...............................................................................................79

5.1.5.2.

Pretreatment............................................................................................80

5.1.5.3.

Unit Pengolahan air.................................................................................82


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5.1.5.4.

Unit Penyediaan Air pada Utilitas Pabrik II............................................88

5.1.5.5.

Unit Penyediaan Bahan Bakar.................................................................89

BAB VI

PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH...................................................................90

6.1.

Pengolahan Limbah.................................................................................90

6.2.

Proses Pengolahan Limbah di Pabrik II..................................................92

BAB VII LABORATORIUM...............................................................................93


7.1.

Laboratorium...........................................................................................93

7.1.1.

Program Kerja Laboratorium..................................................................93

7.1.1.1.

Laboratorium Kebun Percobaan..............................................................93

7.1.1.2.

Laboratorium Uji.....................................................................................94

7.1.1.3.

Laboratorium Produksi I.........................................................................94

7.1.1.4.

Laboratorium Produksi II........................................................................95

7.1.2.

Alat alat Utama di Laboratorium.........................................................95

7.1.3.

Prosedur Analisa......................................................................................96

7.1.3.1.

Uji Bahan Baku.......................................................................................96

7.1.3.2.

Uji Produk...............................................................................................100

BAB VIII PEMASARAN.......................................................................................109


8.1.

Distribusi Pupuk PT. Petrokimia Gresik.................................................109

BAB IX

PENUTUP..............................................................................................112

9.1.

Kesimpulan..............................................................................................112

9.2.

Saran........................................................................................................113

LAMPIRAN