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KERJA PRAKTEK

PT. PETROKIMIA GRESIK


AGUSTUS 2016

DAFTAR ISI
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN.......................................................................................i
KATA PENGANTAR.................................................................................................ii
DAFTAR ISI..............................................................................................................iii
DAFTAR TABEL.......................................................................................................vii
DAFTAR GAMBAR..................................................................................................viii
BAB I
1.1.
1.2.

PENDAHULUAN..................................................................................1
Latar Belakang.......................................................................................1
Kerja Praktek .........................................................................................2

BAB II

TINJAUAN UMUM PT PETROKIMIA GRESIK............................3

2.1.

Sejarah dan Perkembangan PT. Petrokimia Gresik.................................3

2.2.

Visi dan Misi PT. Petrokimia Gresik.......................................................4

2.3.

Perluasan Perusahaan .............................................................................4

2.4.

Lokasi Industri PT. Petrokimia Gresik....................................................5

2.5.

Logo dan Arti Logo PT. Petrokimia Gresik............................................6

2.6.

Unit Produksi PT. Petrokimia..................................................................7

2.7.

Anak Perusahaan.....................................................................................11

2.8.

Unit Prasarana Pendukung......................................................................12

2.9.

Stuktur Organisasi dan Ketenagakerjaan PT. Petrokimia Gresik............14

2.10.

Koperasi Keluarga Karyawan PT. Petrokimia Gresik (K3PG)...............18

2.11.

Jam Kerja PT. Petrokimia Gresik............................................................19

BAB III

PROSES PRODUKSI...........................................................................20

3.1.

Pabrik NPK I-IV (Reaksi).......................................................................20

3.1.1

Bahan Baku Utama..................................................................................20

3.1.2.

Bahan Penunjang.....................................................................................24

3.1.3.

Produk.....................................................................................................24

3.1.4.

Alur Proses..............................................................................................25

3.1.5.

Deskripsi Proses Fisik/Kimiawi dalam Alur Proses ...............................26

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KERJA PRAKTEK
PT. PETROKIMIA GRESIK
AGUSTUS 2016

3.2.

Pabrik Pupuk ZK (K2SO4).......................................................................36

3.2.1.

Uraian Proses...........................................................................................39

3.2.1.1

Persiapan Bahan Baku.............................................................................43

3.3.

NPK Granulasi I-IV................................................................................44

3.3.1.

Persiapan Bahan Baku.............................................................................44

3.3.2.

Pengumpulan bahan baku solid...............................................................44

3.3.3.

Proses Granulasi......................................................................................44

3.3.4

Pengeringan (dryer).................................................................................45

3.3.5.

Pendinginan (cooler)...............................................................................46

3.3.6.

Proses Pengayakan (screening)...............................................................46

3.3.7.

Pelapisan (coater)....................................................................................47

3.3.8.

Bagging System.......................................................................................47

3.3.9.

Penyerapan gas (gas scrubbing)..............................................................48

3.4.

Pabrik Pupuk SP-36 (PF)........................................................................48

3.4.1.

Proses Pembuatan Pupuk SP-36 (PF)......................................................49

3.4.2.

Proses reaksi yang terjadi di drag convenyor..........................................50

BAB IV

SPESIFIKASI ALAT DAN INSTRUMENTASI................................51

4.1.

Alat Utama Produksi...............................................................................51

4.2.

Alat Instrumen.........................................................................................60

BAB V

UTILITAS..............................................................................................63

5.1.

Unit Utilitas.............................................................................................63

5.1.1.

Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik......................................................................64

5.1.2.

Unit Penyediaan Uap...............................................................................66

5.1.2.1.

Proses Pembuatan Steam.........................................................................68

5.1.2.2.

Safety Device Boiler...............................................................................70

5.1.3.

Unit Penyediaan Sistem Udara Tekan dan Udara Instrument.................70

5.1.3.1.

Penyediaan Plant air dan Instrument air..................................................71

5.1.3.2.

Safety Device Compresor........................................................................72

5.1.4

Unit Penyediaan Bahan Baku..................................................................73

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KERJA PRAKTEK
PT. PETROKIMIA GRESIK
AGUSTUS 2016

5.1.4.1.

Phosporic Acid Storage...........................................................................73

5.1.4.2.

Sulfuric Acid Storage..............................................................................80

5.1.4.3.

Unit Mixed Acid......................................................................................80

5.1.5.

Unit Penyediaan Air................................................................................83

5.1.5.1.

Sumber air...............................................................................................84

5.1.5.2.

Pretreatment............................................................................................85

5.1.5.3.

Unit Pengolahan air.................................................................................87

5.1.5.4.

Unit Penyediaan Air pada Utilitas Pabrik II............................................93

5.1.5.5.

Unit Penyediaan Bahan Bakar.................................................................94

BAB VI

PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH...................................................................95

6.1.

Pengolahan Limbah.................................................................................95

6.2.

Proses Pengolahan Limbah di Pabrik II..................................................98

BAB VII LABORATORIUM...............................................................................99


7.1.

Laboratorium...........................................................................................99

7.1.1.

Program Kerja Laboratorium..................................................................99

7.1.1.1.

Laboratorium Kebun Percobaan..............................................................99

7.1.1.2.

Laboratorium Uji.....................................................................................100

7.1.1.3.

Laboratorium Produksi I.........................................................................100

7.1.1.4.

Laboratorium Produksi II........................................................................101

7.1.2.

Alat alat Utama di Laboratorium.........................................................102

7.1.3.

Prosedur Analisa......................................................................................102

7.1.3.1.

Uji Bahan Baku.......................................................................................102

7.1.3.2.

Uji Produk...............................................................................................107

BAB VIII PEMASARAN.......................................................................................116


8.1.

Distribusi Pupuk PT. Petrokimia Gresik.................................................116

BAB IX

PENUTUP..............................................................................................119

9.1.

Kesimpulan..............................................................................................119

9.2.

Saran........................................................................................................120

LAMPIRAN
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JURUSAN TEKNIK KIMIA FTI ITN MALANG

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KERJA PRAKTEK
PT. PETROKIMIA GRESIK
AGUSTUS 2016

LAPORAN KERJA PRAKTEK PT. PETROKIMIA GRESIK


JURUSAN TEKNIK KIMIA FTI ITN MALANG

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