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Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)

G.I. NUMBER

430.001

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

ISSUE DATE

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

Approved

REPLACES

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

OF

16

CONTENT:
This General Instruction (G.I.) contains the minimum requirements for compliance with Saudi Aramco's
Environmental Protection Policy (INT-5). It includes the following information:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

PURPOSE
APPLICABILITY
ORGANIZATIONS AND CONTACT NUMBERS
WASTE MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS
RESPONSIBILITIES
WASTE MANIFEST FORM
ACRONYMS AND DEFINITIONS

1.0

PURPOSE:
This G.I. provides direction and guidance to Company organizations on the proper handling and
disposal of wastes. It also provides reference to existing G.Is. and standards that control the handling
and disposal of certain wastes such as medical waste, radioactive waste, hydrotest water, and those
associated with air emissions, asbestos and hazardous chemicals. This G.I. will assist Company
operations in planning waste management strategies and in complying with the Environmental
Protection Policy (INT-5) and applicable standards.

2.0

APPLICABILITY:
This G.I. applies to all in-Kingdom Company organizations that generate solid, liquid and hazardous
wastes, air emissions and wastewater.

3.0

ORGANIZATIONS AND CONTACT NUMBERS:


The Environmental Protection Department shall be contacted for any questions, clarifications, advice
and approvals.
Contact telephone and fax numbers for those Company organizations referenced in section 5.0,
"Responsibilities" of this document are shown in Attachment I.

4.0

WASTE MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS:


4.1

Air Emissions
Sources of air emissions are generally grouped under two categories: point sources and fugitive/
non-point sources. Point sources include process and utility stacks, process vents, gas flares,

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

430.001
ISSUE DATE

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

Approved

REPLACES

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

OF

16

thermal oxidizers and incinerators, combustion gas turbines, and sulfur recovery units. Nonpoint sources include pump seals, pressure relief and open-ended valves, pipeline valves/flanges,
process drains, cooling towers, storage tanks, bulk loading operations, landfills, ponds, oil/water
separators, and wastewater treatment operations.
SAES-A-102, "Ambient Air Quality and Source Emission Standard" specifies the design
requirements to control the management of both point sources and fugitive air emissions from
Company facilities.
4.2

Asbestos
G.I. 150.001 "Asbestos Regulation" controls the management of asbestos and asbestos
containing wastes.

4.3

Chemicals
All redundant, spent or expired chemicals shall be sent to the Reclamation Chemicals Storage &
Handling Facility according to the MSO's Materials Instruction Manual Subject 13, Hazardous
Material Topic 13.1, "Processing Hazardous Material". For clarification, contact the HMA,
Storehouse Operations.

4.4

Hydrocarbon Product Waste


Hydrocarbon product waste consists of two categories, off-specification product, and
contaminated product.
4.4.1

Off-Specification Product
Collection and Transport: Off-specification product shall be collected and transported
in tanker trucks, vessels or other containers that are suitable to safely handle, contain
and transport this material.
Storage: Storing off-specification product is not permitted except when logistics
prevent the immediate transportation to appropriate receiving or disposal facilities.
Storage shall be in appropriate containers, tanks, or vessels and shall not exceed 30
days.
Treatment: Off-specification product may be used as fuel, used as blending stock,
reprocessed, or returned to the crude oil or refinery system.
Disposal: Off-specification product that cannot be recovered by treatment shall be
disposed of at an approved facility.

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

430.001
ISSUE DATE

REPLACES

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

ASJ

4.4.2

Approved

OF

16

Contaminated Product
Collection and Transport: Contaminated product shall be collected and transported in
tanker trucks, vessels or other containers that are suitable to safely handle, contain and
transport this material.
Storage: Storage of contaminated product is not permitted except when logistics
prevent the immediate transportation to appropriate receiving or disposal facilities.
Storage shall be in appropriate containers, tanks, or vessels and shall not exceed 30
days.
Treatment: If blending, reprocessing or sale to an outside vendor is not possible
because of the level or type of contamination, the contaminated product shall be sent for
disposal.
Disposal: Contaminated product shall be disposed of at an approved facility.

4.5

Hydrotest Water
G.I.432.000 "Pipeline Hydrotest Water Disposal" controls the management of hydrotest water.

4.6

Medical Waste
G.I.151.006 "Implementing the Saudi Aramco Sanitary Code" and SAMSO OM-7-1
"Environmental Control in SAMSO Facilities" control the management of medical waste.

4.7

Oily Waste
Oily waste shall be characterized through chemical analysis for oil and grease, lead and other
heavy metals (e.g., cadmium, chromium, etc.) prior to disposal. Mixing of leaded and nonleaded oily wastes is not permitted.
4.7.1

Non-Leaded Oily Waste


4.7.1.1

Non-Leaded Oily Sludge


Non-leaded oily sludge contains less than 100 mg/kg of total lead or less than
5 mg/L of TCLP lead.
Collection and Transport: These wastes shall be collected and transported
in such a manner to ensure that no leakage or spillage takes place during
collection and transportation activities. Oily sludges shall be transported in
tanker trucks, vacuum trucks, dump trucks or drums.

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

430.001
ISSUE DATE

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

Approved

REPLACES

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

OF

16

Storage: Oily sludges shall be disposed of immediately after generation. If


logistics prevent the immediate transport to disposal facilities, storage is
allowed for a maximum of 90 days. Storage is allowed in containers such as
drums, tanks, lined pits, and lined ponds. Above ground storage requires spill
containment.
Treatment: Attempts shall be made to recover oil from non-leaded oily
sludge. For this purpose, readily available and cost effective technologies,
such as centrifugation, shall be utilized.
Disposal: Oily sludge shall only be disposed of at an approved oily waste
landfarm that has been designed as per SAES-A-104 Section 11.5. Disposal
of oily sludge requires advanced coordination with the disposal facilities. To
avoid unnecessary storage of oily sludge, facilities shall contact disposal sites
at least 30 days prior to shipment.
4.7.1.2

Non-Leaded Oily Water


Non-leaded oily water contains less than 100 mg/L of total lead or less than 5
mg/L of TCLP lead.
Collection and Transport: Oily water shall be collected and transported in
such a manner to ensure that no leakage or spillage takes place during
collection and transportation activities. Oily water shall be transported in
tanker trucks or vacuum trucks.
Treatment: Oily water shall be treated to minimize oil content and to
maximize recovery of oil prior to disposal. Oil removal shall be accomplished
through the use of a gravity oil/water separator designed as per SAES-A-104,
Section 4.4.1.1, or by other approved methods. If the final discharge of the
oily water is to the marine environment, the treatment system must achieve an
effluent oil and grease content less than 8 mg/L.
Disposal: After treatment, recovered oil shall be recycled (e.g. slop system,
blending with crude, refining). Treated oily water shall be sent for final
disposal to an approved evaporation pond, landfarm, injection well, or marine
outfall.

4.7.2

Leaded Oily Waste


Leaded oily waste poses serious health hazards and has adverse environmental impacts
if not handled properly. Special precautions must be taken during cleanup, collection,

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

430.001
ISSUE DATE

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

Approved

REPLACES

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

OF

16

transportation, treatment and disposal operations. EPD and LPD should be contacted to
advise on proper precautionary measures.
TEL tank wastes, gasoline tank sludge and any oily wastes that contain lead
concentrations in excess of 100 mg/kg total lead are defined as leaded oily wastes.
Note: If a waste contains over 100 mg/kg total lead and the TCLP derived lead
concentration is less than 5 mg/L, the waste shall be disposed of at an approved
landfarm.
4.7.2.1

Leaded Oily Sludge


Leaded sludges from TEL storage vessels must be disposed of at an
approved incineration facility.
Other leaded oily sludge shall be managed according to the following:
Collection and Transport: Leaded oily sludge shall be collected and
transported in such a manner to ensure that no leakage or spillage takes place
during collection and transportation activities. Containers used during
collection and transportation shall be limited to sealed drums, vacuum trucks
and closed tanker trucks.
Storage: Storage of leaded sludge is not permitted. If logistics prevent the
immediate transport to disposal facilities, short term storage is permitted with
the approval of EPD. Leaded sludge shall be transported to an approved
disposal facility.
Treatment: Leaded sludge shall be treated in an approved leaded waste
weathering area designed as per SAES-A-104, Section 11.5.1.8.
Disposal: Treated leaded sludge shall be collected and either be disposed of
at an approved landfarm or a Class I Landfill. EPD shall determine the proper
disposal method based on the lead and oil content.

4.7.2.2

Leaded Oily Water


Collection and Transport: Leaded oily water shall be collected and
transported in such a manner to ensure that no leakage or spillage takes place
during collection and transportation activities. Containers used during
collection and transportation shall be limited to sealed drums, vacuum trucks
and closed tanker trucks.

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

430.001
ISSUE DATE

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

Approved

REPLACES

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

OF

16

Treatment: Leaded oily water shall be treated to recover product prior to


final disposal of the wastewater. Product recovery is accomplished through
the use of a gravity oil/water separator designed as per SAES-A-104, Section
4.4.1.1, or by other approved methods. If simple oil/water separation does not
provide sufficient treatment to eliminate floating oil in evaporation ponds, the
ponds must be designed to provide additional treatment (SAES-A-104
Section 7.1.2) and oil removal equipment (e.g. floating booms, skimmers)
must be provided for the ponds.
Disposal: The wastewater from the separator shall be disposed of in an
approved evaporation pond (designed as per SAES-A-104, Section 14.2).
4.8

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)


G.I. 2.717 "Procedures and Guidelines for Handling PCBs" and MSO's Material Instruction
Manual Subject 13, Hazardous Material, Topic 13.2, "Disposal of PCB", provide guidelines for
the management of PCBs and equipment containing PCBs.

4.9

Pyrophoric Waste
Pyrophoric waste shall be kept wet with water at all times prior to controlled treatment.
Collection and Transport: Pyrophoric waste shall be collected and transported in nonflammable containers (e.g., steel lugger buckets).
Storage: Storage of pyrophoric waste is not allowed. These wastes shall be transported to
disposal facilities as soon as they are generated.
Disposal: Pyrophoric wastes shall be disposed of by thinly spreading, igniting, and allowing the
material to react under controlled conditions at the facility's designated site.

4.10 Radioactive Waste


G.I.150.003-6 "Ionizing Radiation Protection Supplement 6, Receiving, Storage, Disposal and
Contamination Control of Radionuclides" provides guidelines for the management of
radioactive waste. The Secretary of Radiation Protection Committee should be contacted for any
questions or clarification.
4.11 Trash & Construction Debris
SAES-S-007 "Solid Waste Landfill Standard" and G.I. 151.006, Section SASC-S-13, "Solid
Waste Management" provide guidelines for the management of trash and construction debris.

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

430.001
ISSUE DATE

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

Approved

REPLACES

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

OF

16

4.12 Wastewater
Wastewater shall be treated by a process that meets SAES-A-104 "Wastewater Treatment,
Reuse, and Disposal" design requirements. Operation of a sanitary wastewater treatment system
must comply with the operating requirements in G.I. 151.006, "Implementing the Saudi Aramco
Sanitary Code". Industrial wastewater and stormwater run-off shall not be mixed with sanitary
wastewater - after treatment, the streams may be combined prior to disposal. Discharge and
treatment requirements for the various types of wastewater and wastewater by-products are as
follows:
4.12.1 Sanitary Wastewater
4.12.1.1 Discharges to Marine Environment from Onshore Facilities: Sanitary
wastewater shall be treated by a process that will achieve the discharge limitations shown in Table 1 (Attachment II).
4.12.1.2 Discharges to Marine Environment from Offshore Facilities: Sanitary sewage discharged more than 4 nautical miles from shore does not need to be treated to meet Table 1 requirements; it shall be comminuted and disinfected prior
to discharge.
4.12.1.3 Discharges to an Evaporation Pond: Exceptions to Table 1 requirements
may be granted on a case-by-case basis for sanitary wastewater that is discharged into an evaporation pond which meets the design requirements of Section 8.1 of SAES-A-104 and SASC-S-14.
4.12.1.4 Discharges to Land Areas: Discharges to the land are not permitted unless
written approval is obtained.
4.12.2 Sanitary Wastewater - Sludge
Sanitary wastewater sludge shall be stabilized (aerobic digestion) prior to drying in
sludge drying beds. Dried sludge shall be disposed in an approved sanitary landfill
designed as per SAES-S-007 and operated as per G.I. 151.006.
4.12.3 Sanitary Wastewater - Grit & Screenings
Screenings and grit shall be washed, dried, bagged (or stored in a covered container) and
disposed in an approved sanitary landfill designed as per SAES-S-007 and SASC-S-14.
4.12.4 Sanitary Wastewater - Oil & Grease
Oil & Grease collected in a sanitary wastewater treatment system shall be disposed in an
approved sanitary landfill designed as per SAES-S-007 and SASC-S-14.

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

430.001

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

ISSUE DATE

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

Approved

REPLACES

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

OF

16

4.12.5 Sanitary Wastewater Reuse


All sanitary wastewater reuse applications must be designed and installed as per SAESA-104, Section 13. Adequate control measures must be taken to prevent inappropriate
alterations in the piping that could result in cross connections with potable water. All
warning signs, backflow preventors, and cross connection control measures shall be
maintained as originally designed. Discharge and treatment requirements for the various
reuse applications are as follows:
4.12.5.1 Unrestricted Reuse Applications: Family Communities. Unrestricted reuse
applications must provide an effluent quality that meets Saudi Aramco Sanitary Code requirements in SASC-S-14, Section 8.3.
4.12.5.2 Unrestricted Reuse Applications: Non-Family Communities. Unrestricted
reuse applications must provide an effluent quality that meets Saudi Aramco
Sanitary Code requirements in SASC-S-14, Section 8.4.
4.12.5.3 Restricted Reuse Applications: Restricted reuse applications must provide
an effluent quality that meets Saudi Aramco Sanitary Code requirements in
SASC-S-14, Section 8.3.
4.12.6 Septage / Portable Toilet Waste
Septage and portable toilet wastes shall be disposed at an approved wastewater
treatment system (as per SAES-A-104 and G.I. 151.006).
4.12.7 Sanitary Wastewater - Onsite Treatment Systems
Onsite wastewater Treatment Systems (septic tank & disposal fields, seepage pits and
holding tanks) are an acceptable wastewater disposal option if the system will handle
wastes from less than 30 people and the systems are designed as per Section 12 of
SAES-A-104. Table 1 discharge limitations are not required. Any wastewater being
trucked off-site for disposal must be treated in an approved wastewater treatment plant.
Any facility using off-site disposal of wastewater must maintain records that can
demonstrate that the wastewater shipments were received by the approved wastewater
treatment system.
4.12.8 Industrial Wastewater
4.12.8.1 Discharges to Marine Environment from Onshore Facilities: Industrial
wastewater shall be treated in a process that will achieve the discharge limits
shown in Table 1.
4.12.8.2 Discharges to Marine Environment from Offshore Facilities: No discharge
of an oil-based drilling fluid is allowed. Other discharges shall comply with
Table 1 requirements except as allowed in SAES-A-103.

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

430.001
ISSUE DATE

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

Approved

REPLACES

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

OF

16

4.12.8.3 Discharges to an Evaporation Pond: Exceptions to the Table 1 requirements


may be granted on a case-by-case basis for industrial wastewater that is discharged into an evaporation pond that meets the design requirements of Section 14.2 of SAES-A-104.
4.12.8.4 Discharges to an Injection Well: Wastewater disposal to an injection well
must be approved on a case-by-case basis. EPD shall be contacted for guidance on the actions necessary to obtain approval.
4.12.8.5 Discharges to an Off-Site Facility: Off-site disposal of industrial wastewater
must be approved. It shall be transported and treated by an approved carrier and
facility, respectively. Manifest records shall be kept to assure that the waste
arrives at the intended waste disposal facilities.
4.12.8.6 Discharges to Land Areas: Discharges to the land are not permitted unless
written approval is obtained.
4.12.8.7 Discharges to Sanitary Sewers: Industrial wastewater shall not be discharged
into a sanitary sewer system without prior approval.
4.13 Miscellaneous
For any waste or mixture of wastes not specifically mentioned in this General Instruction or in
the event of incidents involving wastes, EPD shall be contacted for advice.

5.0

RESPONSIBILITIES:
5.1

Waste Generators
5.1.1

Contracts for treatment, transportation and disposal of Industrial and Hazardous wastes
shall be separate from all other general service contracts. All contracts for waste disposal
shall be prepared by the waste generator, in conjunction with the Contracting
Department, reviewed by EPD and procured by the Contracting Department (for long
form contracts) or waste generator according to established Saudi Aramco Contracting
Manual Policies and Procedures.

5.1.2

Waste generators shall contact EPD to obtain a list of all approved company and private
contractors disposal facilities, (e.g. incinerators, landfarms, weathering areas, etc.).

5.1.3

Prior to awarding any waste disposal contract, proponents and/or Contracting


Department shall, in consultation with EPD, ensure that:
A.
B.
C.
D.

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

The terms and conditions of the contract comply with applicable Saudi Aramco
standards and requirements.
The contractor is specialized in waste disposal and is on the EPD list of approved
contractors.
The contractor has a valid MEPA license.
The contractor is capable of executing the contractual terms and conditions.

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

430.001
ISSUE DATE

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

5.1.4
5.2

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PAGE NUMBER

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Waste generators are responsible for managing and budgeting funds associated with
waste handling and disposal.

Environmental Protection Department


Provides environmental consulting and technical services to all Company organizations that
generate wastes. This includes services and studies in the areas of wastewater, air emissions,
solid and hazardous waste disposal, and groundwater monitoring.
Surveys contractors' facilities to ensure compliance with all pertinent environmental regulations
and standards.
Advises Corporate management and all Company organizations on waste issues affecting the
environment and occupational health.

5.3

Loss Prevention Department


Assists Company organizations in identifying and resolving safety issues associated with waste
generation, handling, and disposal.
As the Responsible Standardization Agent for Class-21 safety materials, assists proponents in
determining appropriate personal protective equipment, labels, and signs.

5.4

Material Supply/Storehouse Operations


Storehouse Operations (SO) is the company contact point for handling of redundant, spent, and
expired chemicals. The HMA or designate, approves the disposition of these chemicals sent to
SO's reclamation facilities.

5.5

Lab Research & Development Center


Provides specialized technical service support for air, ground and surface water quality
assessment and hazardous waste characterization.

6.0

WASTE MANIFEST FORM:


A waste manifest form has been developed as part of this G.I. as shown in Attachment III. This form
shall be used to track the generation, transport, treatment, and final disposal of all waste covered by
this G.I. A copy of the first page of this form is attached. Attachment III can be used until the official
Saudi Aramco form becomes available at Stationery Units.

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

430.001
ISSUE DATE

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

7.0

Approved

REPLACES

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ACRONYMS AND DEFINITIONS:


7.1

Acronyms
EPD
HMA
LPD
MEPA
MSO
OM
PCBs
RCSHF
SAES
SAMSO
SO
TCLP
TEL

7.2

Environmental Protection Department


Hazardous Material Advisor
Loss Prevention Department
Meteorology & Environmental Protection Administration
Material Supply Organization
Operating Manual
Polychlorinated Biphenyls
Reclamation Chemicals Storage and Handling Facility
Saudi Aramco Engineering Standard
Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization
Storehouse Operations
Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure
Tetraethyl Lead

Definitions
Approved Facility:
Contaminated Product:

Any waste management facility approved by EPD.


Any product that is contaminated with hazardous or toxic
compounds that render it unsuitable for its intended use.
Disposal:
The final deposition of waste that is not reused.
Hazardous Waste:
Wastes that are hazardous to public health and detrimental to the
environment. These include materials that are flammable,
corrosive, reactive, toxic, radioactive, infectious, or carcinogenic
(cancer causing).
Industrial Waste:
Wastes from industrial processes and operations, e.g., construction,
refineries, chemical plants, power plants and demolition.
Incineration:
The process by which combustible materials are burned in a
controlled manner, producing combustion gases and noncombustible residue and ash.
Landfarming:
A controlled disposal process that uses naturally occurring bacteria
to biodegrade non-leaded oily sludges in soil.
Leaded Oily Sludge:
Any oily sludges, whether solid or semi-solid, collected from
leaded gasoline and tetraethyl lead tanks and vessels containing 100
mg/Kg total lead or greater.
Municipal Solid Waste: Solid waste generated from a community or facility including
garbage, rubbish, ashes, street cleanings, animal carcasses, or
abandoned automobiles.
Non-Leaded Oily Sludge: Any oily sludges, whether solid or semi-solid, containing less than
100 mg/Kg total lead.

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

430.001
ISSUE DATE

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

Approved

REPLACES

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

12

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16

Off Specification Product: Any product that cannot be used for its intended purpose.
Oily Water:
Water that contains more than 8 mg/L of oil.
Pyrophoric Material:
Any material that ignites spontaneously, or emits sparks when
rubbed, scratched, or struck in air. Iron sulfide is an example of a
pyrophoric material generated by the Company.
Treatment:
A process in which the physical and/or chemical characteristics of a
waste are modified to make it acceptable for reuse or disposal.
TEL Weathering Area:
This refers to a facility developed for the treatment of tetraethyl
leaded (TEL) sludges.
Wastewater:
Used or discarded water from domestic or industrial activities.
Waste Characterization: The process used to define the composition and specific properties
of the waste.

Recommended:
Manager
Environmental Protection Department
Concurred:
Vice President
Engineering Services
Senior Vice President
Engineering & Operations Services
Senior Vice President
Industrial Relations & Affairs
Executive Vice President
Manufacturing Operations
Executive Vice President
Exploration & Producing
Approved:
President & Chief Executive Officer

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL
ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

430.001
ISSUE DATE

REPLACES

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

ASJ

Approved

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

13

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16

Attachment I

ORGANIZATIONS AND CONTACT NUMBERS:

Organization

Contact Numbers
Telephone

Fax

Environmental Protection Department (EPD)

874-7124

873-3263

Hazardous Material Advisor (HMA)

872-7419

872-7463

Loss Prevention Department (LPD)

873-2399

875-5423

Lab Research & Development Center

876-4033
876-4409

876-7766
876-2812

Secretary of Radiation Protection Committee

873-7236

873-3263

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

430.001

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL

ISSUE DATE

ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

REPLACES

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

Approved

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

ASJ

14

OF

Attachment II

Table 1 - Effluent Discharge Limitations

Jubail Royal
Yanbu Royal
Commission Limit (3)
Commission Limit (4)
Maximum
Monthly Mean Maximum
Monthly Mean

Pollutant (2)
MEPA Limit
Physical-Chemical Pollutants
Floatable
None
pH Units
6-9
Total Suspended
Solids (TSS)
15 mg/L
Temperature
(5)
Turbidity
75 NTU (6)
Dissolved Oxygen
Salinity
Non-Organic Pollutants mg/L
(30 day mean)
Aluminum
Ammonia (as N)
1.0
Arsenic
0.1
Barium
Cadmium
0.02
Chlorine (residual) (7)
0.5
Chromium (total)
0.1
Cobalt
Copper
0.2
Cyanide
0.05
Fluoride
Iron
Lead
0.1
Manganese
Mercury
0.001
Nickel
0.2
Phosphates
(total, as P) (7)
1.0
Sulfide
Zinc
1.0
Organic Pollutants
mg/L
Biochemical Oxygen
Demand (BOD5)
25
Chemical Oxygen
Demand (COD)
150
Total Organic
Carbon (TOC)
50

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

16

None
6-9

None
6-9

None
6-9

None
6-9

25 mg/L
+ 10 deg C
75 NTU
2.0 mg/L min.
-

10 mg/L
50 NTU
-

15 mg/L
(5)
15 NTU
4 mg/L min.
+ 2 ppt

8 mg/L
(5)
8 NTU
5 mg/L min
+ 1 ppt

mg/L
25
3
0.5
2.0
0.05
2.0
1.0
2.0
0.5
1.0
25
10
0.5
1.0
0.005
0.5

mg/L
15
1
0.1
1.0
0.01
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.05
15
5
0.1
0.2
0.001
0.2

mg/L
25
3
0.5
2
0.05
0.3
1
2
0.5
0.1
25
10
0.5
1
0.005
0.5

mg/L
15
1
0.1
1
0.01
<0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.05
15
5
0.1
0.2
0.001
0.2

2
0.1
5.0
mg/L

1
0.05
2.0
mg/L

2.0
0.1
5
mg/L

1.0
0.05
1
mg/L

50

25

30

15

350

150

200

75

150

50

150

50

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Saudi Aramco 7180 (5/89)


G.I. NUMBER

430.001

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco)


GENERAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL

ISSUE DATE

ISSUING ORG.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT

SUBJECT:

WASTE MANAGEMENT

REPLACES

01/22/2001
APPROVAL

06/01/1999
PAGE NUMBER

ASJ

15

OF

16

Attachment II

(Table 1. Continued)
Organic Pollutants Contd
Total Kjeldahl
Nitrogen (TKN)
Total Chlorinated
Hydrocarbons
Oil & Grease (8)
Phenols
Biological Pollutants
Total Coliform

Approved

mg/L

mg/L

mg/L

mg/L

mg/L

10

2.5

0.1
8
0.1

15
1.0

8
0.1

0.5
10
0.5

2.5
8
0.1

MPN/100 mL(9) MPN/100 mL

MPN/100 mL

MPN/100 mL

1000 (30-day 2400


geometric mean)

1000

2400

MPN/100 mL

1000

Notes:
(1)
Royal Commission Standards shall apply to Saudi Aramco facilities within the Royal Commission
jurisdictions. See SAES-A-103, Appendices I and II for Royal Commission boundary maps.
(2)

See SAES-A-103, Table B for analytical methods.

(3)

Limits taken from Engineering Manual, Jubail Royal Commission, 1988.

(4)

Limits taken from Environmental Protection Manual, Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu/Yanbu
Project, Madinat Yanbu Al-Sinaiyah, 1991.

(5)

To be determined on a case-by-case basis.

(6)

Nephelometric Turbidity Units. Also to be determined on a case-by case basis in areas deemed by
EPD to be biologically sensitive.

(7)

Not applicable for wastewater reuse applications or discharge into evaporation ponds.

(8)

Not to exceed 15 mg/L in any individual discharge.

(9)

Most probable number.

* CHANGE

** ADDITION

NEW INSTRUCTION

COMPLETE REVISION

16

Attachment III
WASTE MANIFEST
Refer to GI 0430.001

Waste Originator:

P
A
R
T

I confirm that ________________________ (quantity) of __________________________________(type of waste; such


as oily sludge, oily water, contaminated product, ) was loaded on _______________________________(date & time)
from

___________________________________(originating

location

and

DPC)

and

will

be

transported

to

__________________________________ (location) as approved by EED or HMA.

1
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Name, ID No., Signature & Tel. No. of Saudi Aramco Waste Originator Representative

Waste Transporter:

P
A
R
T

Contract No:
I shall transport the aforementioned waste to __________________________________________ (location and DPC).
____________________________________________
Name and Tel. No. of Company Transporting Waste

__________________________________________________
Name, ID/Iqamah No. and Signature of Driver

____________________________
Vehicle Plate No.

Waste Receiver:
Contract No:

P
A
R
T

I confirm receipt of the stated waste____________________(quantity) on_____________________ (date & time) at the
above location and will dispose of/treat the waste as approved by EED. Method of disposal/treatment is
_____________________________ (e.g., Landfarm, TEL weathering, Incineration, Class I Landfill, etc.)
__________________________________________________________________
Name, ID/Iqamah No. and Signature of Receiver

Notes:
1.

For further assistance, please contact the General Supervisor of the Environmental Engineering Division (EED) at 874-6426, Fax 873-9331.

2.

The Waste Originator shall fill in Part 1 of this form, retain one copy (yellow) for reference and follow up, and fax a copy to the General
Supervisor, EED and to the Waste Receiver.

3.

The Waste Transporter shall complete Part 2 and deliver the original and the remaining 3 copies to the Waste Receiver.

4.

Waste Receiver shall complete part 3 of this form; retain one copy (blue) and distribute the remaining copies as follows:
Original (white) to Waste Originator
nd
2 copy (pink) to General Supervisor, Environmental Engineering Division, E-2670, Dhahran
rd
3 copy (green) to Waste Transporter

5.

If the signed original has not been received within 2 weeks, the Waste Originator shall contact the Waste Receiver and/or Waste
Transporter to determine the fate of the waste.