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EXAMPLER SOALAN KBAT

MATEMATIK TAMBAHAN 2016


DAERAH
MATAPELAJARAN
TOPIK

KUALA KANGSAR
MATEMATIK TAMBAHAN
VEKTOR

Kertas 1
1
.

cribed in a circle with center O. Given


ABCDEF is a regular hexagon ins
y
y
x

BC
and
= . State in terms of
and/or

AB

x
=

ABCDEF adalah sebuah heksagon sekata yang terterap di dalam


y
x

AB
BC
sebuah bulatan berpusat O. Diberi
= dan
=

x
. Nyatakan dalam sebutan

(a) AD
(b)

dan/atau

AC

(c) Given the radius of the circle is r , find the value of | AC | in


term of r.

Diberi jejari bulatan itu ialah r, carikan nilai | AC | dalam

sebutan r.
[4 marks/markah]

2
.

Given p~ , q~ and r~ are three vectors that are parallel to each other. |
p~| = 3 units, | q~| = 9 units and |r~| = 11 units, express q~ and r~ in
terms of p~.
Diberi p~ , q~ dan r~ adalah tiga vektor yang selari antara satu sama lain. |p~| =
3 unit,
| q~| = 9 unit dan |r~| = 11 unit, ungkapkan q~ dan r~
dalam sebutan p~.
[2 marks/markah]

3
.

A swimmer swims in the same direction as the current of the river. He


swim at 10ms-1 and the velocity of the current is 5 ms-1. Find the
resultant velocity of the swimmer.

Seorang perenang berenang pada arah yang sama dengan arus


sungai. Dia berenang pada 10ms-1 dan halaju arus ialah 5 ms-1. Cari
halaju paduan perenang tersebut.
[2 marks/markah]

Jawapan:

1.

(a)
AD=2
BC

y
=2

AC =
AB+
BC

(b)

x y
+

=
2

AC
r
=r 2
2
2

( )

(c)

AC = r

p=
q

2.

q~

()

9
3

= 3p~

|r| 11
=
| p| 3
r=

11
p
3

3. Since he swims in the same direction as the current, the two velocities
can be added algebraically.
10 ms-1 + 5 ms-1 = 15 ms-1

Kertas 2
1.

Diagram 1 shows a triangle OPQ. Given that 3OR=OP and 4OS=OQ, = u ,


S=
O
v , M is the midpoint of OQ and MT : TP = 1 : 4.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan sebuah segitiga OPQ. Diberi bahawa 3OR=OP dan 4OS=OQ,
=

u , OS= v , M ialah titik tengah OQ dan MT : TP = 1 : 4.


P

R
T
O

Diagram 1 / Rajah 1

(a)

Express in terms of u and v ,


Ungkapkan dalam sebutan u dan v ,

RQ
(i)
( ii )

MT

( iii )

RT

[5 marks/markah]
(b)

Find the value of RT : TQ ,


Cari nilai bagi RT : TQ,
[3 marks/markah]

(c)

Given the area of triangle PQM is 25 cm2 , calculate the area


of triangle PQT.
Diberi luas segitiga PQM ialah 25 cm2 , hitungkan luas
segitiga PQT.
[2 marks/markah]

2.

Diagram 2 shows a triangle XYZ. The straight line XN intersects the straight line MZ at
the point P.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan segitiga XYZ . Garis lurus XN bersilang dengan garis lurus MZ
pada titik P .
X

Diagram 2
Rajah 2
2

It is given that

XY 9 x XZ 12 y XM 3 XY
,

and

YZ 2YN

Diberi bahawa

XY 9 x XZ 12 y XM 3 XY
,

dan

YZ 2YN

x
(a) Express in terms of and

x
Nyatakan dalam sebutan dan
(i)

ZM

(ii)

XN
[3 marks/markah]

(b) It is given that

XP h XN

Diberi bahawa
Express

XP h XN

and
dan

XP

Ungkapkan

XP
y

x
(i)

in terms of h,

and

ZP k ZM ,

ZP k ZM ,

where h and k are constants.


di mana h dan k adalah pemalar.

x
Dalam sebutan h,

dan
[2 marks/markah]

x
(ii)

in terms of k,

and

x
Dalam sebutan k,

dan
[2 marks/markah]

(c) Hence, find the value of h and k.


Seterusnya, hitungkan nilai h dan k.
[3 marks/markah]
3.

Given

OA

= u + v,

OB

= 2u + mv and

OC

= nu 5v.

Diberi

OA

= u + v,

OB

= 2u + mv dan

OC

= nu 5v.

and BC in terms of u, v, m and/or n.

Ungkapkan AB dan BC dalam sebutan u, v, m dan/atau n.

(a) Express

AB

[4 marks/markah]
(b)If A, B and C are collinear and 5m + 2n = 0, find the possible
values of m and n.
Jika A, B dan C adalah segaris dan 5m + 2n = 0, cari nilai-nilai
yang mungkin bagi m dan n.
[6 marks/markah]

Jawapan :
1.

(a)

(i) u + 4 v

MP=2 v +3u

(ii)

1
5

(iii) 2 u +

4
5

[1]

u+

TQ =

3
5

( 2v + 3 u) or

( 3u + 2v) or

2
5

(b)

[1]

8
5

u + 2v +

3
5

2
5

3
2
u
5
5

[1]

[1]
[1]

12
5

u+

[1]

RT

2
5

1
5

= 2

2
3

3
( 5

RT=
TQ
3

8
5

u+

u+

u+

4
5

v)
12
5

v)
[1]

RT 2
=
TQ 3
RT : TQ = 2 : 3

[1]

(c)

1
( PT )( MQ)
Area of PQT
2
=
Area of PQM 1
(PM )( MQ)
2

Area of PQT PT 4
=
=
25
PM 5

Area of PQT =

4
25
5

= 20

[1]
[1]

2. (a) (i)

ZM


= XZ+ XM

y
= 12

2
x
3 (9)

x
=6
(ii)

(ii)

12

[1]

XY +
XZ

XN =
2

XP

XP

9
2

(b) (i)

[1]

+6

[1]

y
9
x
2 h + 6h

XZ

[2]

+ ZP

[1]

= 12

+ 6k

12k

x
= 6k

(c)

+ (12 12k)

y
y
9
x
x
2 h + 6h = 6k + (12 12k)
9
2
k=

h = 6k
3
4

6h = 12 12k

[1]

[1]

6h = 12

12

( 34 )

15h = 12
h =

4
5

k=

3
4

k=

3
5

[1]

( 45 )
[1]

3. (a)

AB=O
A+
OB

[1]

(u + v) + 2u + mv

= u + (m 1)v

[1]

BC =
OB+
OC

(b)

[1]

(2u + mv) + nu 5v

(n 2)u (m + 5)v

[1]

BC =
AB
(n 2)u (m + 5)v = u + (m 1)v
=n2

[1]

.1

m 5 = (m 1)

.2

5m + 2n = 0
n=

5 m
2

.3

5 m 5 m
+
m+7=0
2
2
5m2 3m 14 = 0

[1]

( 3 ) (3)24 (5)(14)
m=
2(5)

m=

7
5

n=

7
2

and

and

m=2

n = 5

[1] [1]

[1] [1]