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DETERMINATION OF WAVELENGTH OF LASER AND PARTICLE SIZE

OF FINE POWDER
Aim: To determine the wavelength of semiconductor Laser using grating and to determine the
particle size of powder
Apparatus: Laser source, grating plate, screen, fine powder etc
Diagram:

Procedure :( 1) To determine the wavelength of semiconductor LASER light


Laser light is placed on the table and is switched on. A screen is placed 1 to 1.5 m away
from the source, the position of the laser is adjusted such that the laser beam falls on the centre of
the screen.
The grating is placed between laser and screen and adjusted to get clear diffraction. D
the distance between grating and screen is measured. The distance of spot marked on screen.
Screen is removed and distance of various spot Xmis measured. Angle of diffraction for mth spot
is calculated using formula.
X
m =tan 1 m
d

( )

Wavelength of laser light can be calculated using formula

=c

( sinm )
m

Where c= 5.08 10-5m.


(2) To determine the size of the particle of a fine powder:
The monochromatic radiation from the laser source is made to fall on glass slide placed
between source and screen on which fine powder is dusted. If the particle size is comparable
with that of wavelength of laser light used then diffracted light by the particle is produced
(concentric rings) on the screen.
If a is the size of the particle, dn is the radius of nth dark ring, D is the distance between slit
A sin n
and screen and is the wavelength of laser light then
= 1.22n
sin n
tan n
Where is very small,
=
=

dn
D

17 Dept. of Physics HPPC Govt. First Grade College Challakere -577522

DETERMINATION OF WAVELENGTH OF LASER AND PARTICLE SIZE


OF FINE POWDER

a=

1.22 n D
dn

To measure dn is the position of slit is adjusted so that a clear circular ring pattern is obtained on
screen. The centre of ring pattern is marked on screen. Inner and outer radius d n is calculated
experimentally. The same process is repeated for different values of D
Observations and Tabular column:
The distance between the grating and the screen d= . 10-2m

Order of
spot m

Distance of diffracted spot from central maxima


m
Left in cm

Right in cm

m =tan 1

( Xd )
m

=c

( sinm )
m

Mean in
cm

Mean =_____________m
Particle size
a=

Radius of ring dn
Order
n

Distance between
screen and plate in cm

Inner radius
in cm

Outer radius
in cm

Mean
radius in
cm

Mean a =____________m

Result:
(1) Wavelength of laser light () = __________________nm.
(2) The particle size of fine powder is a = ___________m.
18 Dept. of Physics HPPC Govt. First Grade College Challakere -577522

1.22 n D
dn
m

DETERMINATION OF WAVELENGTH OF LASER AND PARTICLE SIZE


OF FINE POWDER

19 Dept. of Physics HPPC Govt. First Grade College Challakere -577522