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10/18/2016

Coplanar waveguide - Wikipedia

Coplanar waveguide
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coplanar waveguide is a type of electrical transmission line which can be


fabricated using printed circuit board technology, and is used to convey
microwave-frequency signals. On a smaller scale, coplanar waveguide
transmission lines are also built into monolithic microwave integrated
circuits. Conventional coplanar waveguide (CPW) consists of a single
conducting track printed onto a dielectric substrate, together with a pair of
return conductors, one to either side of the track. All three conductors are
on the same side of the substrate, and hence are coplanar. The return
conductors are separated from the central track by a small gap, which has
an unvarying width along the length of the line. Away from the cental
conductor, the return conductors usually extend to an indefinite but large
distance, so that each is notionally a semi-infinite plane.

Cross section of a conductor-backed


coplanar waveguide transmission line

Conductor-backed coplanar waveguide (CBCPW) is a common variant


which has a ground plane covering the entire back-face of the substrate.
The ground-plane serves as a third return conductor.
The electromagnetic wave carried by a coplanar waveguide exists partly in
the dielectric substrate, and partly in the air above it. In general, the
dielectric constant of the substrate will be different (and greater) than that
of the air, so that the wave is travelling in an inhomogeneous medium. In
consequence CPW will not support a true TEM wave; at non-zero
frequencies, both the E and H fields will have longitudinal components (a
hybrid mode).

A 517 m tall copper coplanar


waveguide created using LIGA
technique. [1]

See also
Waveguide (electromagnetism)
Microstrip
Stripline
Post-wall waveguide
Telegrapher's equations
Via fence

References
1. Forman, M. A. (December 2006). "Low-loss LIGA-fabricated coplanar waveguide and filter". Apmc 2006. 12: 9051907.

External links
Coplanar waveguide circuits, components and systems (http://books.google.com/books?id=XgNMZ5YVJdg
C) (Rainee N. Simons - Wiley series in microwave and optical engineering ; Year 2001 ; ISBN 0-471-16121-7)
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coplanar_waveguide&oldid=713960607"
Categories: Microwave technology Signal cables
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coplanar_waveguide

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10/18/2016

Coplanar waveguide - Wikipedia

This page was last modified on 6 April 2016, at 20:08.


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