Anda di halaman 1dari 7

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 1.1 Grafik Pengaruh Air dan Bentonit pada pasir..............................................

Gambar 1.2 Moisture Analyzer........................................................................................

Gambar 1.3 Timbangan Elektrik......................................................................................

Gambar 1.4 Cawan...........................................................................................................

Gambar 1.5 Grafik hubungan antara penguapan rata-rata dengan waktu pemanasan.....

Gambar 1.6 Grafik hubungan antara penguapan rata-rata dengan waktu pemanasan
data antar kelompok.....................................................................................

10

Gambar 1.7 Grafik hubungan antara laju penguapan dengan waktu pemanasan............

10

Gambar 1.8 Grafik hubungan antara laju penguapan dengan waktu pemanasan
antar kelompok.............................................................................................

11

Gambar 1.9 Grafik pengaruh kadar pengikat terhadap kekuatan pasir cetak..................

17

Gambar 1.10 Kompor Listrik...........................................................................................

17

Gambar 1.11 Panci...........................................................................................................

18

Gambar 1.12 Gelas Ukur.................................................................................................

18

Gambar 1.13 Ukuran dan dimensi butiran pasir cetak.....................................................

23

Gambar 1.14 Mesin Pengguncang Rotap.........................................................................

28

Gambar 1.15 Tempat pasir...............................................................................................

28

Gambar 2.1 Sand Rammer...............................................................................................

45

Gambar 2.2 Stopwatch.....................................................................................................

45

Gambar 2.3 Permeabilitas Meter.....................................................................................

46

Gambar 2.4 Timbangan Elektrik......................................................................................

46

Gambar 2.5 Universal Strength Machine........................................................................

47

Gambar 2.6 Pengaruh Kadar Air dan Kadar Bentonite Terhadap Permeabilitas.............

50

Gambar 2.7 Grafik Pengaruh Kadar Air dan Kadar Pengikat Terhadap Permeabilitas...

52

Gambar 2.8 Grafik Pengaruh Kadar Air Terhadap Kekuatan Tekan Basah Pasir Cetak.

65

Gambar 2.9Grafik Pengaruh Kadar Air Terhadap Kekuatan Tekan Kering Pasir Cetak.

67

Gambar 3.1 Pola Tunggal................................................................................................

69

Gambar 3.2 Pola Belahan................................................................................................

70

Gambar 3.3 Pola Setengah...............................................................................................

70

Gambar 3.4 Pola Belahan Banyak...................................................................................

71

Gambar 3.5 Pola Penarikan Terpisah...............................................................................

71

Gambar 3.6 Pola Penarikan Sebagian..............................................................................

72

Gambar 3.7 Pola Plat Pasangan.......................................................................................

72

Gambar 3.8 Pola Kup dan Drag......................................................................................

73

Gambar 3.9 Pola Cetakan Sapuan....................................................................................

73

Gambar 3.10 Pola Penggeret Dengan Penuntun..............................................................

74

Gambar 3.11 Pola Penggeret Dengan Rangka Cetak.......................................................

75

Gambar 3.12 Pola Kerangka A........................................................................................

75

Gambar 3.13 Pola Kerangka B........................................................................................

76

Gambar 3.14 Contoh Kemiringan Pola............................................................................

80

Gambar 3.15 Sistem Saluran............................................................................................

81

Gambar 3.16 Cawan Tuang..............................................................................................

81

Gambar 3.17 Saluran Turun.............................................................................................

83

Gambar 3.18 Saluran Pengalir.........................................................................................

83

Gambar 3.19 Saluran Masuk............................................................................................

84

Gambar 3.20 Tipe Riser...................................................................................................

85

Gambar 3.21 Dam............................................................................................................

85

Gambar 3.22 Trap............................................................................................................

86

Gambar 3.23 Core............................................................................................................

86

Gambar 3.24 Saluran Pisah..............................................................................................

87

Gambar 3.25 Saluran Langsung.......................................................................................

88

Gambar 3.26 Saluran Bawah...........................................................................................

88

Gambar 3.27 Saluran Pensil.............................................................................................

89

Gambar 3.28 Saluran Bertingkat......................................................................................

89

Gambar 3.29 Saluran Baji................................................................................................

90

Gambar 3.30 Saluran Terompet.......................................................................................

90

Gambar 3.31 Saluran Cincin............................................................................................

91

Gambar 3.32 Kup dan Drag.............................................................................................

97

Gambar 3.33 Sistem Saluran............................................................................................

97

10

Gambar 3.34 Pola.............................................................................................................

97

Gambar 3.35 Papan Datar................................................................................................

98

Gambar 3.36 Kamera.......................................................................................................

98

Gambar 3.37 Rongga pada Sudut Drag...........................................................................

99

Gambar 3.38 Rongga pada Cetakan Pasir........................................................................

100

Gambar 3.39 Pasir Rontok pada Sistem Saluran.............................................................

100

Gambar 3.40 Pasir Rontok pada Cetakan Pola................................................................

101

Gambar 4.1 Diagram Alir Proses Sand Mold Casting.....................................................

103

Gambar 4.2 Proses Sand Mold Casting...........................................................................

104

Gambar 4.3 Cara Investment Casting..............................................................................

105

Gambar 4.4 Tahapan Proses Pengecoran Polisteren........................................................

106

Gambar 4.5 Proses Pengecoran Sentrifugal Sejati...........................................................

107

Gambar 4.6 Proses Pengecoran Semi Sentrifugal............................................................

107

Gambar 4.7 Proses Pengecoran Sentrifuge......................................................................

108

Gambar 4.8 Mesin Cor Cetak Ruang Panas.....................................................................

108

Gambar 4.9 Mesin Cetak Tekan Ruang Dingin...............................................................

109

Gambar 4.10 Squeeze Casting.........................................................................................

110

Gambar 4.11 Tanur Induksi Jenis Frekuensi Rendah.......................................................

110

Gambar 4.12 Tanur Induksi Jenis Saluran.......................................................................

111

11

Gambar 4.13 Tanur Listrik Heroult.................................................................................

112

Gambar 4.14 Grafik Superheating...................................................................................

112

Gambar 4.15 Proses Pembekuan Logam Dari Cair Hingga Membeku...........................

113

Gambar 4.16 Diagram Pengintian Heterogen..................................................................

114

Gambar 4.17 Chill, Columnar, dan Equiaxed Zone.........................................................

115

Gambar 4.18 Solidifikasi Logam Murni..........................................................................

115

Gambar 4.19 Solidifikasi Logam Paduan........................................................................

116

Gambar 4.20 Plane Interface Mode.................................................................................

117

Gambar 4.21 Jagged Interface Mode...............................................................................

118

Gambar 4.22 Independent Crystallization Mode.............................................................

119

Gambar 4.23 Pengujian Spiral.........................................................................................

120

Gambar 4.24 Pengujian Vakum.......................................................................................

121

Gambar 4.25 Pengujian Multiple.....................................................................................

122

Gambar 4.26 Cacat Shift..................................................................................................

122

Gambar 4.27 Swell...........................................................................................................

123

Gambar 4.28 Cacat Sirip..................................................................................................

124

Gambar 4.29 Shrinkage...................................................................................................

124

Gambar 4.30 Cacat Interdendritic Porosity.....................................................................

125

Gambar 4.31 Cacat Gas Porosity.....................................................................................

125

12

Gambar 4.32 Cacat Hot Tear...........................................................................................

126

Gambar 4.33 Cacat Dirt...................................................................................................

127

Gambar 4.34 Cold Shut and Misrun................................................................................

127

Gambar 4.35 Liquid Penetrant Test.................................................................................

128

Gambar 4.36 Magnetic Particle Inspection......................................................................

129

Gambar 4.37 Ultrasonic Test...........................................................................................

130

Gambar 4.38 Skema Piknometri......................................................................................

131

Gambar 4.39 Hasil coran tampak depan sebelum finishing.............................................

132

Gambar 4.40 Hasil coran tampak bawah sebelum finishing............................................

132

Gambar 4.41 Hasil coran tampak depan setelah finishing...............................................

133

Gambar 4.42 Hasil coran tampak bawah setelah finishing..............................................

133

Gambar 4.43 Dimensi ukuran Pola Coran.......................................................................

134

Gambar 4.44 Cacat inklusi pasir......................................................................................

136

Gambar 4.45 Cacat gas porosity......................................................................................

136

Gambar 4.46 Cacat shrinkage..........................................................................................

137

Gambar 4.47 Cacat shrinkage..........................................................................................

137

Gambar 4.48 Cacat shrinkage..........................................................................................

138

Gambar 4.49 Cacat Interdendrit porosity........................................................................

138

Gambar 4.50 Cacat Permesinan.......................................................................................

139

13

Gambar 4.51 (a) Coran dengan saluran samping, (b) Coran dengan saluran cincin.....

141

Gambar 4.52 (a). Coran dengan saluran samping, (b) Coran dengan saluran cincin ....

142

Gambar 4.53 (a) Coran dengan saluran samping. (b) Coran dengan saluran cincin.......

142

14