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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL................................................................................................i
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN.....................................................................................ii
HALAMANnPERNYATAANnPERSETUJUANnPUBLIKASI SEMINAR .....iii
KATA PENGANTAR...............................................................................................iv
ABSTRAK................................................................................................................v
DAFTAR ISI.............................................................................................................vi
DAFTAR TABEL.....................................................................................................viii
DAFTAR GAMBAR................................................................................................ix
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang...................................................................................1
1.2 Maksud dan Tujuan............................................................................2
1.3 Batasan Masalah................................................................................2
1.4 Rumusan Masalah..............................................................................3

BAB II

DASAR TEORI
2.1 Pengertian Tambang Terbuka / Open Pit...........................................4
2.2 Parameter menggunakan Tambang Terbuka / Open pit.....................5

BAB III

JENIS-JENIS TAMBANG TERBUKA / OPEN PIT MINE


3.1 Jenis Tambang Terbuka......................................................................9

BAB IV

TAHAP KEGIATAN PENAMBANGAN


4.1 Tahap Persiapan ................................................................................22
4.2 Peralatan Penambangan.....................................................................24
4.3 Operasi Penambangan........................................................................25

BAB V

REKLAMASI LAHAN BEKAS TAMBANG


5.1 Rekonstruksi Tanah ...........................................................................28
5.2 Revegetasi..........................................................................................29
5.3 Penaganan Air Asam Tambang..........................................................30
5.4 Pengaturan Drainase..........................................................................31

5.5 Tataguna Lahan Pasca Tambang........................................................32


5.6 Dampak Positif dan Negative Tambang Open Pit.............................33
BAB V

KESIMPULAN......................................................................................35

DAFTAR PUSTAKA...............................................................................................36

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 2.1. Klasifikasi Metode Penambangan Hartman, 1987 .................................7

DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gambar 3.1 Open Pit di Toquepala Peru (Diameter 1km Kedalaman 400m)..................10
Gambar 3.2 Tambang tembaga Open Pit dekat laut.................................................11
Gambar 3.3 Open Pit dan Open cast........................................................................11
Gambar 3.4 Variasi Tambang Open Pit Mining.......................................................12
Gambar 3.5 Tambang Kuari Agregat........................................................................13
Gambar 3.6 Tambang Kuari Agregat........................................................................14
Gambar 3.7 Tamban Kuari Demensional Stone.......................................................14
Gambar 3.8 Drilling dan Blasting Kuari Demensional Stone..................................15
Gambar 3.9 Kuari tipe Slide Hils.............................................................................16
Gambar 3.10 Kuari tipe Pit jalan masuk Spiral.......................................................17
Gambar 3.11 Kuari tipe Pit jalan masuk langsung...................................................18
Gambar 3.12 Tambang Open Cast...........................................................................19
Gambar 3.13 Tambang Auger Hightwall..................................................................21
Gambar 4.1 Tahap pembukaan Jalan........................................................................22
Gambar 4.2 Tahap pembersihan Lahan....................................................................23
Gambar 4.3 Tahap pengusapan Tanah Penutup........................................................24
Gambar 4.4 Operasi Pembongkaran.........................................................................26
Gambar 4.5 Operasi Pemuatan.................................................................................26
Gambar 4.6 Operasi Pengangkutan..........................................................................27
Gambar 5.1 Skema rekonstruksi Tanah....................................................................29
Gambar 5.2 Penggurukan Bekas Tambang...............................................................29
Gambar 5.3 Revegetasi Tambang.............................................................................30
Gambar 5.4 Pengaturan Drainase.............................................................................32
Gambar 5.5 Reklamasi lahan untuk Pemukiman.....................................................32