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FUTURE IPR OIL

TM-3104 Teknik Produksi

Iskandar Fahmi

Outline

Predicting Future IPR's for Oil Wells:

Standing Method

Fetkovich Method

Combining Vogel and Fetkovich

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Future IPR - Two Phase

Standing Method

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Future IPR - Two Phase

Standing Method

Standing published a procedure that can be used to predict the


decline in the value of qo (max) as gas saturation in the reservoir
increases from depletion.

f ( Prf )=

Where
J* = zero drawdown productivity index
Jf* = value of J* when Prp has declined to Prf
Jp* = value of J* at the present reservoir pressure

k ro
o B o

This future J may be used if the version requiring a value for q(max):
q o(max ) f =qo (max) p

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Prf f ( Prf )
Prp f ( Prp)

]
Future IPR - Two Phase

Example:

Standing Method
The following example was used by Standing to illustrate the method of generating a future IPR.
Unit

Present Time

Future Time

Pr

psig

2250

1800

cp

3.11

3.59

Bo

bbl/STB

1.173

1.150

So

0.768

0.741

kro

0.815

0.685

Present time test data:


qo = 400 STB/day
Pwf = 1815 psig
Generate IPR's for both present and future times.

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Future IPR - Two Phase

Example (Solution (1)):


Fetkovich Method
qo

q o(max ) p =
10.2

=
2

( ) ( )
P wf
P wf
0.8
Prp
Prp

f ( Prp)=

k ro
0.815
=
=0.223
o B o 3.111.173

f ( Prf )=

k ro
0.685
=
=0.166
o B o 3.591.150

q o(max ) f =qo (max) p

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400
1815
1815
10.2
0.8
2250
2250

=1257.47
2

( ) ( )

STB
day

Prf f ( Prf )
18000.166
STB
=1257.47
=747.11
Prp f ( Prp)
22500.223
day

Future IPR - Two Phase

Example (Solution (2)):


Fetkovich Method

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Future IPR - Two Phase

Fetkovich Method
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Future IPR - Two Phase

Fetkovich Method

The method proposed by Fetkovich to construct future IPR's consists


of adjusting the flow coefficient C for changes in f(Pr ).
Fetkovich assumed that f(Pr ) was a linear function of Pr.
C f =C p

( )
P rf
P rp

Future IPR's can thus be generated fom:


q o( F) =C p

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( )
P rf
P rp

2
2 n

( P rf P wf )

Future IPR - Two Phase

Example:

Fetkovich Method
Construct an IPR for the time when Pr has declined to Prf = 2000 psia. The
following data were obtained at present time: Prp = 3600 psia, n = 0.854,
Cp = 0.00079

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Example (Solution):
Fetkovich Method
C f =C p

( )

P rf
2000
=0.00079
=0.000439
P rp
3600

( )

n
STB
2
2
2 0.854
AOF f =C p ( Prf P wf ) =0.000439 ( 2000 0 ) =190.77
day

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Combining Vogel and


Fetkovich

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Combining Vogel and Fetkovich

The method proposed by Fetkovich for adjusting C can also be used to


adjust qo (max) if a value for the exponent n is assumed.
q o(max ) f =qo (max) p

2n+1

( )
P rf
P rp

If a value of n equal to one is assumed, then:


q o(max ) f =qo (max) p

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( )
P rf
P rp

Future IPR - Two Phase

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Example:

Combining Vogel and Fetkovich


It was found that qo (max) was equal to 1097 STB/day for Pr = 2085 psig.
Using this data calculate:
1. qo (max) when Pr = 1900 psig
2. qo when Pr = 1900 psig and Pwf = 1485 psig
3. Construct present and future IPR

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Example (Solution):

Combining Vogel and Fetkovich


1. qo (max) when Pr = 1900 psig
3

q o(max ) f =qo (max) p

3
P rf
1900
STB
=1097
=830.136
P rp
2085
day

( )

( )

2. qo when Pr = 1900 psig and Pwf = 1485 psig


q o =qo( max) f

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[ ( ) ( )]
P wf
P wf
10.2
0.8
Pr
Pr

[ ( ) ( )]

1485
1485
=830.136 10.2
0.8
1900
1900

Future IPR - Two Phase

=495.55 psig

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Tugas no. 1

Suatu sumur minyak akan diproduksi secara natural. Sumur ini


memiliki tekanan reservoir rata-rata 3155 psig dan dari hasil analisa
fluida diperoleh tekanan bubble-point senilai 1980 psig.
Pengujian sumur menunjukkan pada laju alir 1260 stb/d diperoleh
tekanan dasar sumur 2120 psig. Buatlah kurva IPR sekarang dan kurva
IPR prediksi yang akan datang bila tekanan turun masing-masing
menjadi Prf1 = 2500 psig dan Prf2 = 1500 psig.

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Tugas no. 2

Pengujian flow-after-flow pada suatu sumur minyak memberikan


hasil seperti ditunjukkan pada Tabel di bawah ini. Tekanan reservoir
rata-rata sebesar 1325 psig. Buatlah kurva IPR sekarang dan
peramalan yang akan datang bila tekanan reservoir turun masingmasing menjadi 1210 psig dan 1060 psig.

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Test

qo
(STB/day)

Pwf
(psig)

200

1190

300

1100

440

970

500

890

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References
1. Beggs H. D. (1991): Production Optimization Using Nodal Analysis,
OGCI Publication, Tulsa.

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