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LABORATORY REPORT

UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES VISAYAS TACLOBAN COLLEGE


DIVISION OF NATURAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS
Name: Bridgette M. Juarez
Laboratory schedule: MTh 11:30-14:30

Date performed: 04-06-15


Date submitted: 04-13-15

Group number: 2

Rating:
Experiment 07
Water

I.

Objective:
To study the physical and chemical properties of water.

II.

Results:
1. Dissolved impurities
Sample
Distilled water
Tap water

Observation
Stain can be barely seen
Stain is present

NH 3 +Water

2. Purification
Observation after adding

Stain is present

NH 4 OH : Red litmus paper turned blue and a


gelatinous substance was formed.

Sample
Original solution
Filtrate

3. Water from plant materials


Sample
Plant leaf
Headless matchstick
Starch

Observation
Dirty; contains gelatinous substances
and emits a foul odor.
Cleaner; no more gelatinous
substances and decreased in foul odor.

Observation
Water was formed
Water was formed
Water was formed and starch turned
brown

4. Hydrates
Observation
CuSO 4 5 H 2 O turned into a white solid when heat was
Blue
:
introduced and water accumulated at the mouth of the test tube.
5. Efflorescence

Observation
:

ZnSO 4

remained the same.

6. Deliquescence
Observation
CaCl2 2 H 2 O
produced water
:
compared to the original sample.
7. Hydrolysis
Observation
FeCl3
The original color of
:
when exposed to heat.
Chemical equation:

III.

and

decreased

in

mass

was golden brown. It turned darker

FeCl3 + H 2 O Fe (OH )3 + HCl

Discussion:
To determine if there are impurities present in the water, samples of it were
placed in an evaporating dish to be observed. In the first sample which was
distilled water, after it turned to vapour, only a barely visible stain was seen. This
suggests that the water is pure. In tap water however, the stain was noticeable,
this implies that the water has a lot of dissolved minerals in it. The tap water has
been categorized as hard water - water that has a high concentration of
magnesium and calcium or other minerals. When aqueous ammonia has been
left to evaporate, it left a stain, indicating that there are impurities in the solution.
When a red litmus paper was exposed to ammonium hydroxide, it turned
blue, this suggests that the compound was basic. The gelatinous substance seen
was salt produced by ammonia when it reacts with other elements. In the original
solution, there is a gelatinous substance which is assumed to be salt, because it
was solid, when the solution passed through a filter paper the salt was separated.
The foul odor was caused by the ammonia gas escaping the solution.

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