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Road Toll Science Assignment

By
Allyson & Emma

Road Toll Science Assignment


26th September 26, 2016
Emma & Allyson
Script

EMMA
Good Morning and welcome to EA news! Today on the show, we have a special visitor to help
with our news story. Please welcome Allyson Kell who is here to discuss road toll with us!
ALLYSON
Thank you. Its wonderful to be here
EMMA
So, lets get straight to it. Tell me, since when did science have anything to do with safety, or
the road toll?
ALLYSON
Science has everything to do with the Road Toll! Science is needed to help improve car safety.
By doing this, we can ensure that peoples lives are not risked every time that they start
driving. You probably caught the bus here this morning. So without science you could have
died this morning. But anyways, science means that less people will die on the roads.
EMMA
Ok that makes sense.
(SLIDESHOW)
The Road Toll. By Emma and Allyson*
So The top 25 causes for car accidents.
DISTRACTED DRIVING
SPEEDING
ALLYSON
Think about this faster you drive, the greater the distance that you travel during the drivers
reaction time. If you are in a situation where you need to prevent an accident, you will not
have enough time to react and you will be approach the objet at a much greater rate.
The higher the speed, the more kinetic energy that must be absorbed in a car crash.
All of this means that speeding not only increases the likelihood of a crash but also the severity
of that crash.
EMMA
Erm now weve got
DRUNK DRIVING
RECKLESS DRIVING
RAIN
ALLYSON
Rain is a smooth substance, meaning that it causes less friction. Friction is important when
driving a car as it allows us to be able to break. We know that for a car to decelerate, the
forces must be unbalanced, so by breaking, we cause the friction to become greater than the
thrust.
EMMA
RUNNING RED LIGHTS
RUNNING STOP SIGNS
TENEAGER DRIVERS
NIGHT DRIVING
DESIGN DEFECTS
EMMA
UNSAFE LANE CHANGES
WRONG WAY DRIVING
IMPROPER TURNS

TAIL GATING
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DRUGS
EMMA
More causes for car accidents
ICE
SNOW
ALLYSON
Ice and snow, like rain also reduce the friction.
EMMA
ROAD RAGE
POTHOLES
DROWSY DRIVING
EMMA
Now for the last 5 ways you can be killed in a car
TIRE BLOWOUTS
FOG
DEADLY CURVES
ANIMAL CROSSINGS
STREET RACING
ALLYSON
Where accidents occur?
Studies have proven that most of the car accidents occur close to the drivers home. They have
found that 77% of accidents that happened in 2001 occurred 24Km (15 miles) or less from
their homes. This is because they start to relax because driving through their neighborhood is
familiar and their brains go into autopilot as they have done the same thing so many times
before.
Many accidents also occur on the drivers daily commute as this is also familiar to them.
EMMA
Types Of Injuries Caused Because of Car Accidents:
NECK INJURIES
SPINAL CORD INJURIES
BACK INJURIES
FACIAL INJURIES
INTERNAL INJURIES
PSYCHOLOGICAL INJURIES
ALLYSON
This is a graph of the injuries caused from car accidents from 2005 2015*
EMMA
Here weve got the 10 safest cars.
Acura

Ford Five Hundred/Mercury Montego

Honda Civic

Hyundai Sonata

Lincoln Town Car

Saab 9-3

Subaru Forester

Subaru Legacy

Toyota Camry

Toyota Avalon*

EMMA
And now weve got the cars that had severely injured passengers after their crash test.
1st weve got the Mazda 5.

The Fiat 500

Audi A4

Hyundai Accent

Mazda CX-9

But what is interesting about these cars is that they were rated 5 out of 5 stars for ANCAP so
here are 3 cars that are rated one star in ANCAP.
Proton Jumbuck

Nissan Urvan / E25

Mitsubishi Express / L300

ALLYSON
What are they doing to make cars safer?
Crumple zones
Crumple zones are places around the car that are designed to crumple in the case of an
accident, so that the time it takes for the force to reach the passengers is much greater.
Crumple zones are made so that they absorb the crash energy meaning that the CAR absorbs
the impact of the crash, not the passengers*
Strong Occupant Compartment
Side Impact Protection
Seat Belts
Airbags
There are frontal airbags, side airbags, curtain airbags and knee airbags.
Headrests
EMMA
What are they doing to make motorbikes safer?
Motorcycle Stability Control
Linked Breaking System
Traction Control
EMMA
The ANCAP safety ratings
ANCAP safety ratings give cars a score from 1 5 stars. These ratings are determined based
on a number of internationally recognized, independent crash tests and safety assessments. In
every physical crash test, dummies are used to:
Measure the forces

Likely injuries to a driver

Injuries to a passenger

Injuries to a pedestrian

ANCAP also observes the movement of dummies throughout the crash and the impact on the
vehicle's occupant section. Vehicles must accomplish minimum scores across all physical crash
tests as well as meet minimum requirements for the addition of safety equipment and
technology.
ALLYSON
Road Toll statistics
In this graph we can see that the number of Australian Road Deaths pretty much jumps up and
down, although it usually stays around the 100 mark. We can also see that it stays between
140 and 60*
August 2016 Road Toll
In August this year the number of road deaths totalled to 109. This is 3.9% lower than the
average for August over the last five years*
ALLYSON
The forces behind Road Toll
Time affects the safety of a driver/passenger in a car because it affects the force exerted on
the driver/passenger. Safety measures have been made to increase the time that the force is
spread out over before the force reaches the driver/passengers. This results in the force being
much smaller when it hits the person and therefore it inflicts less injuries to them.
The crumple zones are made so that, if a car was to hit something, the front/back crumples,
which takes a little bit of TIME which results in some of the energy from the crash dissipating
and assisting the car to slow down.
The Air bags are designed so that, when your head hits it, the airbag slowly deflates so that
the head doesnt bounce straight of the air bag. This slows down the TIME it takes for the head
to reach either the driving wheel (for the driver) or the dashboard (for the passenger).
(DEMONSTRATION)*
EMMA
We believe that the best way to minimalize accidents on the roads is to eliminate human error.
We can do this by ensuring that everyone has autonomous cars. These cars are better than
ones driven by humans as they mean that it does not matter if the drivers imperfections. If
these cars were able to communicate to other cars to create awareness of where each vehicle
is at all times and with traffic lights, then they would be much safer than human driven cars.
Roll cages have been proven life-saving in racing cars in the event that it flips over, so why not
add them to cars to. These mean that the strong occupant compartment is reinforced so that it
will not crumple.
In car crashes, it is common for the occupants to suffer from bruising and other injuries from
seatbelts. The invention of a new material that could provide as padding to the seatbelt, would
mean that the forward motion of the body onto the seatbelt would be absorbed as the time
taken for the body to come to a stop is greater, reducing the force and meaning that injuries
would be less severe.
Think about it, in about 3 years we will have our own license and cars. In 3 years we will put
ourselves at risk every time we get inside a car. Whether we are driving or not. Do you not
think that we should improve our cars to improve our safety? We have three years to fix and

improve our cars and their safety. Let's make those three years count.