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Voice Services in LTE

CS Fall Back Feature

By: Sherjil Bari


www.huawei.com

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CSFB Circuit-switched fallback


 CSFB relies on a temporary inter-system that switches between LTE and a

system where circuit-switched voice calls can be served, the solution is based
on the fact that LTE terminals register in the circuit-switched domain when
powered on and attaching to LTE, This is handled through an interaction
between the MME and the MSC server in the CS domain.
 The CS fallback in EPS enables the provisioning of voice and other CS-domain

services by reuse of CS infrastructure when the UE is served by E-UTRAN. A


CS fallback enabled terminal, connected to E-UTRAN may use GERAN or
UTRAN to connect to the CS-domain. This function is only available in case EUTRAN coverage is overlapped by either GERAN coverage or UTRAN
coverage.
 It can be assumed that operators initially deploying CSFB may over time

migrate towards the MMTel (IMS) + SRVCC solution.

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CS fallback in EPS architecture

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CS Call Request in E-UTRAN, Call in GERAN/UTRAN

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CS Page in E-UTRAN, Call in GERAN/UTRAN

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Page 5

LTE -> UMTS/GERAN CSFB SETTINGS IN VDC


LTE Parameter

MML Command

Recommended value

Comments

UtranCsfbSwitch:
On

UtranCsfbSwitch: On

Enable CSFB to Utran switch

GeranCsfbSwitch:
On

GeranCsfbSwitch: On

Enable CSFB to Geran switch

BlindHoSwitch:On

BlindHoSwitch:On

Enable blind handover switch


to do CSFB to Utran/GERAN
without measurement

UTRAN

UTRAN

Indicates the high-priority


system to be considered in
blind handovers for CS fallback.
It is UTRAN by default.

GERAN

GERAN

Indicates the medium-priority


system to be considered in
blind handovers for CS fallback.

-106

-106dBm

RSCP threshold for event B1

CsfbHoUtranTimeToT
rig

40

40ms

Time-to-trigger for event B1 that


is used in CS fallback to UTRAN.

CsfbHoGeranB1Thd

-103

-103dBm

RSSI threshold for event B1 that


is used in CS fallback to GERAN

CsfbHoGeranTimeTo
Trig

40

40ms

Time-to-trigger for event B1 that


is used in CS fallback to GERAN
(higher than Utran to do CSFB to
Utran first).

HoAlgoSwitch
HoAlgoSwitch

MOD
ENODEBALGOSWI
TCH

HoModeSwitch

InterRatHighestPri

MOD
CSFALLBACKBLIN
DHOCFG

InterRatSecondPri

CsfbHoUtranB1ThdR
scp

MOD
CSFALLBACKHO

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CS FB FEATURE
IMPROVEMENTS IN ERAN3.0

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Low Latency - Flash CSFB (R9 Redirection


with SIB)
GSM/UMTS
Core

RIM :

LTE Core

RAN
Information
Management

CSFB to G/U

Core Network Support


Both GSM/UMTS and

M
ME

SGSN

SGSN MME

RAN
information
RAN information
request

LTE core network support


R9 RIM procedure

RRCConnectionRele
ase(Frequency and
eNodeB

BSC/RNC

target cell system


information)

Terminal Support
Terminal support R9

GSM/UMTS

redirection with SIB


(System Info Block)

LTE

eNodeB saves UTRAN/GERAN


neighbor cell system information
(RIM: MME&RNC)

Latency Reduced

eNodeB receives command of CSFB


from MME

Saving 1s for UMTS compare with R8 CSFB


eNodeB selects Redirection to CSFB based on
capability and strategy
eNodeB fills out target frequency and related neighbor cell
information in RRCConnectionRelease messageU: 1
Freq, 16 Cell ID; G: 1 Freq Group, 32 Cell ID)

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Saving 2s for GSM compare with R8 CSFB

LAI Based CS Fallback further optimized


latency
LTE Core
TA1/LA
1
MM
E

GSM/UMTS
TAI/LAI
(PLMN+L
AC)

LA: Location Area


LAI: Location Area
Indicator
LAC: Location Area
Code
LAU: Location Area
Update
TAI: Tracking Area
Indicator

CSFB
LAI based CSFB to 1~2s
UMTS without LAU
CSFB to UMTS with LAU

CSFB to LA1

LAI based CSFB to


GSM without LAU

2~3s

Select same LA to
CSFB

LTE

CSFB to GSM with LAU

GSM/UMTS
TA3/LA1

TA2/LA2

Latency
LAI Based CSFB:

1.

Priority to select target GU cells with same LAC as

2.

UE registered in GU network during CSFB.

Support National Roaming UE to select suitable


fallback RAT/Cell bases on LAI Indicator among
multi-PLMNs.

The optimized CSFB process of eNB can avoid unnecessary LAU and reduce the CSFB E2E
latency 1~3 second(s)
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THANK YOU

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