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Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science

SK Permatang Tok Mahat


14300 Nibong Tebal, SPS,
Pulau Pinang

Mind Maps
Science-
Science-018
MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN
UPSR 2010 Year 4

Name :
Class :
Teacher : En. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

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1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs


Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan
asas
Give energy / Beri tenaga
1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs
Grow / Membesar Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan
To breathe / Bernafas
Stay healthy / Sihat asas
Give energy / Beri tenaga
To breathe / Bernafas
Food / Air / Udara
Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar
Makanan
Stay healthy / Sihat

Food / Air / Udara


Makanan

Basic Needs of Human


Keperluan Asas Manusia Basic Needs of Animals
Keperluan Asas Haiwan Types / Jenis :
- holes / lubang
- cave / gua
- nest / sarang

Water / Air Shelter / Tempat


Perlindungan
Water / Air Shelter / Tempat
perlindungan Drinks / Minuman

Drinks / Minuman Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar To protect from


To protect from Stay healthy / Sihat Untuk melindungi daripada
Grow / Membesar
Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya
Stay healthy / Sihat - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca
- extreme weather / cuaca melampau
melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujan
-sun & rain / matahari dan
hujan

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2.1 Analysing life processes in humans


Analisa proses hidup manusia
1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs Inhale – take in air
Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe Lungs
Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan Tarik nafas – ambil udara
Hidung/Mulut Trakea Paru-paru
asas
Organs
Plants Have Basic Needs Organ Exhale – give out air
Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas Hembus nafas- keluarkan udara

Purpose / Tujuan : Breathing Rate of breath


- avoid danger Pernafasan Kadar pernafasan
elak bahaya
Air / Water / Sunlight / - avoid getting hurt
Udara Air Cahaya matahari elak dapat luka Number of chest movement in a
- avoid getting injured period of time
elak dapat cedera Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam
- to survive sesuatu masa
untuk terus hidup

Respond To
Stimuli Life Processes of Reproduce
Bergerak balas Humans Membiak
With water / Ada air : Without water / Tanpa air: Proses Hidup Dilalui
Terhadap
- grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - wilted / layu Manusia
Ransangan
- grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - turn yellow / menjadi kuning
- not wilted / tidak layu - die / mati A process to produce
Organs their young or offspring
Organ Proses untuk
menghasilkan anak
Eyes – Sight Excrete
Mata - Melihat Berkumuh
Nose – Smell
Hidung - Menghidu Kidney ( urine + mineral salt )
Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral ) Defecate
Tongue – Taste Bernyahtinja
Lidah - Merasa
Ears – Sound
Telinga - Mendengar Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Faeces
bunyi Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air ) Najis
Skin – Touch
Kulit - Sentuhan
Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt )
Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral )

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2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes
Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu 2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals
proses hidup Analisa proses hidup haiwan
Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes
Animals Life Processes/Proses Hidup Haiwan
Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidup
Smoking /
Merokok
Excrete / Breathing / Reproduce /
Perkumuhan Bernafas Membiak

Effects / Kesan
- Lung cancer Drinking Alcohol / Minum Taking Drug / Mengambil Defecate /
Alkohol Dadah Lay Eggs / Give Birth /
Kanser paru-paru Bernyahtinja
- Coughing Organs / Bertelur Lahirkan anak
Batuk Organ
cat
Effects / Kesan butterfly kucing
- Delay respond to stimuli rama-rama
Lambatkan ransangan terhadap To get rid of waste product from their
bodies tiger
How to avoid / Bagaimana untuk ransangan harimau
- Lose ability to walk in straight Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan bird
hindari dari badan
line burung
bat
Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan kelawar
Occupied time with beneficial
lurus
activities - Can cause accidents
Memenuhi masa dengan whale
Menyebabkan kemalangan paus
aktiviti berfaedah
Participate in a campaign
Ambil bahagian dalam kempen

Advise from their peers Lungs/ Gills/Insang Lungs- Moist skin/Kulit Trachea Structre/Sistem
Nasihat daripada rakan sebaya Paru-paru - fish book lembap Trakea
- monkey ikan - crab - frog - insects
monyet - prawn ketam katak serangga
- bird udang - earthworm
burung cacing tanah
- whale
paus

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2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants 3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect
Memahami proses hidup tumbuhan the part of plant that responds themselves from danger
to water Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi
plants respond to stimuli. bahagian pokok yang
water, sunlight, touch, gravity. bertindak balas terhadap
diri
various ways plants reproduce tumbuhan bergerak balas ransangan mereka daripada bahaya
through7seeds, spores, suckers, terhadap ransangan
stem cutting, leaves, air,cahaya
underground stem. matahari,sentuhan,graviti
berbagai cara tumbuhan membiak
melalui4.bji benih, spora, anak
pokok,keratan batang, daun, Specific characteristics and behaviour
batang bawah tanah Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas
the part of plant that responds to
gravity.
bahagian pokok yang bertindak
Life balas terhadap graviti
Special Special behaviour
processes characteristics Tingkah-laku khas
plants roots Ciri-ciri khas
undergo akar
Proses hidup
plants reproduce. tumbuhan
tumbuhan membiak
Sharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Pretend to be dead ( beetle, )
Seeds – balsam, corn, Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing ) Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang )
durian the part of plant that responds to
Biji benih-keembung, sunlight.
jagung,durian bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas Thick and hard skin Camouflage ( cameleon )
terhadap cahaya matahari ( rhinoceros ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah )
Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak
sumbu ) Spray black ink ( squid )
Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam
Permul Akhir Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) ( sotong )
why plants need to reproduce Cengkerang keras ( kura-kura,
to ensure the survival of the species.
mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak Poisonous sting or fang
the part of plant that responds Hard scales ( pangolin,
untuk memastikan kemandirian ( centipede, snake )
spesisnya to touch. crocodiles )
Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya ) Sengat atau taring berbisa
bahagian pokok yang bertindak
( kala jengking, ular )
balas terhadap sentuhan
Spines ( porcupine )
Berduri ( landak )

Horns ( buffalo, seladang )


Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang )

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3.2/3.3 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to 3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves
protect themselves from extreme weather from enemies
Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas untuk Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri
melindungi diri daripada cuaca melampau mereka daripada musuh

Specific characteristics and behavior The specific


Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas characteristics
Sifat-sifat khas

Produces latex Have thorns


Hot weather Cold weather Keluarkan getah Berduri
Cuaca panas Cuaca sejuk

Wrinkled Skin Thick Fur


(Elephant ,hippopotamuses (Polar bears)
and buffaloes) Berbulu tebal
Kulit berkedut (Beruang kutub) Poisonous
(Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau) Beracun

Have fine hairs


Wallowing Fat Layers Under The Skins Berbulu halus
(Elephant, hippopotamuses (Penguins, seals, and whales)
and buffaloes) Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit Close leaflets when touch
Berkubang (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan Daun tertutup bila disentuh
(Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) paus)

Humps Small Ears


(Camel) (Seals and Walruses)
Bonggol Telinga kecil
(Unta) (Anjing laut, singa laut)

Hibernate
(Polar bears)
Berhibenasi
(Beruang kutub)

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3.5 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves f


rom dry region and strong wind The Basic Needs of Human and Animals
Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri
mereka daripada kawasan kering dan angin kuat Keperluan Asas Manusia dan Haiwan

Specific characteristics of plants to


protect themselves
Sifat-sifat khas tumbuhan untuk
melindungi diri

dry region strong wind


kawasan kering angin kuat

Eg : cactus .
Eg: Coconut tree, bamboo tree,
kaktus
pokok kelapa, pokok buluh
One evening, when Cik Ti crawled out from its shelter to search
for food, the day started to rain heavily. Cik Ti immediately crawled back to the shelter,
a hole near a woody house. Cik Ti was tired. She also felt hungry. She tried to find
some food but there was no food left in the hole. “ Oh no… I will die without food.”
• Long roots to absorb water
a. Have stems that bend easily Said Cik Ti frustrated. Cil Ti moved into the kitchen in that woody house. “ Arghh…… I
Akar panjang untuk serap air
Batang yang mudah bengkok am hungry!. Cik Ti screamed. “Wow, cheese…. Emmm…. Delicious.” After she had her
• Succulent stem can store
b. Have buttress roots
water food, she was thirsty. She saw a cup of water on the table. Cik Ti drank the water. Tap!
Akar banir
Batang menyimpan air Tap! Tap! Without her knowing, Mamat was ready to trap her into a plastic bag. He
c. Have separated leaves
• Thorn can can prevent the Daun berbilah-bilah tighten the bag tightly. Help! Help! I can’t breath…… where is the air.” Shouted Cik Ti
excessive loss of water d. Needle- shaped leaves ….. Her voice slow down time by time. Lastly Cik Ti dead without air…..
Duri yang mencegah Daun berbentuk jarum
kehilangan banyak air

Suatu petang ketika Cik Ti merangkak di luar rumahnya untuk mencari


makanan, tiba-tiba hujan turun dengan lebatnya. Cik Ti bergerak pantas kembali semula
ke kediamannya, sebuah lubang di tepi sebuah rumah kayu. Cik Ti penat. Dia mula rasa
lapar. Cik Ti cuba mencari makanan tetapi dia tidak menemuinya di lubang itu. “Matilah
aku kalau tak ada makanan.” rungut Cik Ti . Cik Ti terus ke dapur rumah itu. “Arghh…..
laparnya.” Tiba-tiba Cik Ti menjerit, “wow, keju….. emmm… sedapnya.” Selepas makan Cik
Ti terasa dahaga. Dia ternampak secawan air di atas meja tersebut. Cik Ti minum air
tersebut dengan gelojohnya. Tap! Tap! Tap! Tanpa disedarinya Mamat telah bersedia
untuk menangkap Cik Ti. Cik Ti terperangkap. Mamat memasukkan Cik Ti ke dalam sebuah
beg plastic dan mengikat beg itu dengan kuatnya. “ Tolong! Tolong! Aku tak boleh
bernafas….. mana udara ni.” Jerit Cik Ti….. Suaranya semakin perlahan...... akhirnya Cik
Ti mati tanpa udara.....

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What Plants
eed to Stay Healthy? EXCRETION PROCESS
PROSES PERKUMUHAN
Thank you for giving me enough water. I
can use it to make my food. No. Organs Diagram Waste Products
Bil Gambarajah Organ Bahan Buangan
Terima kasih kerana memberikan saya air
Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you grow 1. Kidney / Buah Pinggang
yang cukup. Saya akan gunakannya untk
membuat makanan.
healthy soon.
Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya.
Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Kidney Urine + water vapour

Ureter Air Kencing + wap air

Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you


can grow healthy soon . 2. Lungs/ Paru-Paru Carbon Dioxide + water
Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab Vapour
Thank you for placing me to the saya. Harap awak akan hidup
subur kelak.
direct sunlight. Now I get enough Karbon dioksida + wap air
light. I can use it to make my food.

Terima kasih kerana meletakkan saya


di bawah cahaya matahari. Kini
saya telah mendapat cahaya yang
mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya
untuk membuat makanan.

3. Skin/Kulit

Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you Sweat + Water Vapour +


Thank you for giving me enough can grow healthy soon .
fertilizer. Now I can get enough
Mineral salt
mineral. I can use it to make my Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab
food. saya. Harap awak akan hidup Peluh + wap air + garam
Terima kasih kerana memberikan subur kelak. mineral
saya cukup baja. Kini saya telah
mendapat baja yang mencukupi.
Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk
membuat makanan.

Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you


Emmm… I feel fresh. I can breath can grow healthy soon .
smoothly. Thank you. Now I can get
enough air. I can use it to make my Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab
food. saya. Harap awak akan hidup
Emmm....saya rasa segar. Terima subur kelak.
kasih. Kini saya telah mendapat
udara yang mencukupi. Saya boleh
gunakkanya untuk membuat
makanan.

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Plants Respond To Stimuli The Breathing Structure of Animals


Tumbuhan bergerakbalas terhadap ransangan
(Pussy Cat Song)

Gill
Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots what are you see? Insang
I want to go down to meet my gravity.

Trachea Structure
Struktur Trakea

Trachea Structure
Struktur Trakea
Lung
Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots why are you here?
Paru-paru
I’m going down to the soil to absorb water.

Oh green shoot, Oh green Shoot what make you bright?


I can go up to search for sunlight.

The shoot responds to sunlight Nose


Hidung Windpipe
Pucuk bergerakbalas terhadap Salur Trakea
cahaya matahari..
Moist Skin
Lung Kulit Lembab
Paru-paru

Air Passage
Peredaran Udara
The roots respond to water. Nose Wind Pipe Lungs Lung
Akar bergerakbalas terhadap Hidung Trakea Paru-paru Paru-paru
air.

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Animal Defense From extreme weather

Wallowing In Mud -
Rhinoceroses

Thick Fat In Tails –


Kangaroo Rats
Thick Layers Of Fat –
Penguins
Long
Rest Ears – Desert
– Desert Fox
Animals Thick Furs - Polar

Hump - Camels
MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN
Year 5
Small Ears – Cold Region
Animals

Kangaroo Rat Camel

Penguin

Unit 3/Lesoon 2
How I Survived – Living in Extreme Danger

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1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living things 1.2 Understanding that some microorganism are harmful and some are useful
Memahami mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup Memahami beberapa mikroorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna

Microorganism Some Organisms Are Harmful And


Mikroorganisma Some Are Useful
Beberapa mikoorganisma yang berbahaya
dan berguna

Useful / berguna Harmful / Berbahaya Prevention


Bacteria Fungi Protozua Virus Cara mencegah
Bakteria Kulat Protozoa Virus
Disease
-Making food/ buat Penyakit
Characteristics makanan Washing hand
Ciri.Ciri (bread/tapai/tempe/yogurt) Membasuh
( roti,tapai,tempe, yogurt ) Can cause tangan
-Making fertilizer/ baja Boleh Stomach
upset Drink boiled
-Making medcine/ ubat
Sakit perut water
Minum air yang
Breathe Grow dimasak
Bernafas Membesar Cough
batuk
Move Cannot see with Covering mouth
Bergerak naked eyes & nose when
Tidak boleh dilihat Illness Tooth decay coughing &
Food
dengan mata kasar Sakit Gigi mereput sneezing
Poisoning
Cause the dough rise Menutup mulut
Keracunan
Menyebabkan adunan Food Conjunctivity dan
makanan
tepung menaik. Stale Tooth Sakit mata hidung apabila
Makanan Decay batuk dan bersin
• Rotten oranges/
basi Gigi mereput
limau busuk
• Mouldy rice / Nasi
berkulat
Tiny
Halus

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2.1 Understanding that different animals have their own ways to ensure the survival 2.2 Understanding that different plants have their own ways to ensure the survival
of their species of their species
Memahami bahawa haiwan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan Memahami bahawa tumbuhan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk
kemandirian spesisnya memastikan kemandirian spesisnya

HOW ANIMALS TAKE CARE OF Agents of Special Examples


THEIR EGGS AND YOUNG. dispersal characteristic Contoh
Examples animals that take
care of their eggs and young. Bagaimana haiwan menjaga telur Agen Ciri-ciri
Contoh haiwan yang menjaga telur dan anak mereka .
dan anak.
bird, spider, fish,snake, Bird - Eggs with shell covering
burung,labah-labah,ikan,ular Burung – Telur disaluti oleh cangkerang • Light / Ringan • Coconut /
Frog - Eggs are thick, slimy and having bad Water • Air Space in the
turtle, kangroo, elephant kelapa
smell Air fruits
penyu,kanggaro,gajah • Water Lily /
Katak – Telur tebal,berlendir dan berbau Ruang udara di Kiambang
busuk
dalam buah
Spider - kept in a bag underneath its body
Labah-labah –simpan dalam beg di bawah • Not water
badan absorbent
Fish - keep their young in their mouths Air tidak boleh
Ikan - Memasukkan anaknya ke dalam diserap
mulut
Snake, Tiger - attack in order to protect
Survival of Wind • Light / Ringan • Shorea
their eggs
Animal Ular,harimau – menyerang untuk Angin • Small in size / • Angsana
Species menyelamatkan telur saiz kecil • Lalang
Kemandirian Turtle - hide their eggs • Winged /
Spesies Haiwan Penyu – Menyembunyikan telurnya berkepak
Survival of Plant
Kangaroo - carry their young in their
pouches Species
Kemandirian Explosive • Dry when ripe • Rubber fruit /
Kanggaroo – Membawa anaknya di dalam
kantung spesies mechanism Kering apabila buah getah
Elephant - stay in herds tumbuhan Mekanisme masak • Balsam fruit /
Gajah - Tinggal dalam kumpulan letupan • Explodes when keembong
Why animals take care of mature • Lady’s finger/
their eggs and young. Meletup apabila kacang bendi
Mengapa haiwan melindungi matang
telur dan anaknya

Importance Animal ♣ Brightly


Shortage of food resource coloured • Rambutan
Kepentingan haiwan
To ensure the survival Sumber makanan berkurangan Warna yang • Mango/
of their species terang mangga
Memastikan kemandirian • Love grass /
♣ Edible / Boleh
spesisnya. kemuncup
dimakan
Animals and plants species ♣ Have smells /
may face extinction. berbau
Spesis haiwan dan tumbuhan ♣ Have hook
akan mengalami kepupusan. bercangkuk

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3.2 Synthesizing food chains to construct food web.


3.1 Understanding food chains Sintesis siratan makanan untuk membentuk rantai makanan
Memahami rantai makanan
What will happento a
Food Chain They will face difficulty certain species of animals
Animals and the Rantai Makanan Consumer to survive if the source if they eat only one type of
food they eat Pengguna food? Food web of different
of food runs out
Haiwan dan Apa akan berlaku habitats
Mereka akan
makanannya mengalami sebahagian spesis haiwan Siratan makanan
Animals that kesukaran jika sumber makan hanya daripada berlainan
Producer eat plant habitat.
makanan kehabisan. satu jenis makanan
All living things Pengeluar or other sahaja?
need food to animals
survive.Green plant Classify animals are called
can make their own Pengkelasan consumers.
Synthesizing food chains
food. However haiwan Construct food chain Haiwan yang
to construct food web.
animals cannot Membina rantai makanan makan
Sintesis siratan makanan untuk
make their own Herbivore : tumbuhan
The food What will happen If there is membentuk rantai makanan
make their own Animals that eat plants dipanggil
food. relationship pengguna. a change in population of a
only. among living certain species in a food
Semua benda e.g.: cow, goat, deer
hidup perlu things web
Herbivor can be shown by Apa akan berlaku jika paddy plant mice snakes
makanan untuk Haiwan makan tanaman padi tikus ular
hidup. a food chain. terdapat perubahan spesies
tumbuhan sahaja Hubungan antara dalam rantai makanan
Tumbuhan hijau Cth: makanan caterpillar birds
boleh lembu,kambing,rusa ulat beluncas burung eagles
membuat makanan dan benda hidup helang
sendiri. ditunjukkan A change in the population grasshoppers
Carnivore: melalui belalang
Animals that eat other of a certain species will
rantai makanan effect the population of
animals.
e.g.: tiger, lion other species
Perubahan populasi frogs
Green plant obtain Karnivor To construct food katak
energy from Haiwan yang makan beberapa haiwan memberi
chain It must start
the sun to make haiwan lain kesan kepada populasi Paddy field
with plant as
food. Green Cth : harimau,singa haiwan lain. Sawah padi
a producer.
Plant as a producer Untuk membina
Tumbuhan hijau rantai makanan ia
Memerlukan tenaga Omnivore: Food web
bermula daripada
daripada Matahari Animals that eat plants Siratan makanan
tumbuhan sebagai caterpillar bird
untuk membuat and other animals
pengeluar. ulat beluncas burung
makanan. Omnivor
Tumbuhan Haiwan makan
tumbuhan dan In a food chain
adalah pengeluar spinach grasshopper frog snake
haiwan lain. the arrow means
bayam belalang katak ular
‘eaten by’
Dalam rantai
makanan anak
snail eagle
panah bermaksud siput helang
dimakan oleh

Garden
Taman

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MICROORGANISMS
MIKROORGANISMA Mother : It is a virus. Virus is the tiniest microorganism.
(Itu ialah Virus. Virus ialah mikro organisma yang paling
One day, while reading a book, Ali comes across one word. The word is halus.)
“microorganisms”. He doesn’t understand what it is and he ask his mother
immediately. (Suatu hari, semasa Ali sedang membaca buku, dia terbaca satu perkataan. Ali : Wow, that’s interesting. Tell me more, mother.
Perkataan itu ialah “mikroorganisma”. Dia tidak faham dan terus bertanya kepada ibunya.) (Wow, menariknya. Ceritalah lagi ibu.)

Ali : Mother, what is a microorganism? Mother : Okay. Yeast is an example of microorganisms. Since
(Ibu, apa itu mikro organisma?) Microorganism is a living things, it can breathe, grow and
move.
Mother : Microorganism is tiny living things that can only be seen (Okay. Yis ialah satu contoh mikro organisma. Memandangkan mikro organisma
through a microscope. There are four types of adalah benda hidup, ia boleh bernafas, membesar dan bergerak.)
microorganisms.
(Mikro organisma adalah benda hidup yang sangat halus dan hanya boleh Ali : Thank you, mother.
dilihat melalui mikroskop. Terdapat empat jenis mikro organisma.) (Terima kasih, ibu.)

Ali : What are those?


(Apa itu?)

Mother : Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi and Virus.


(Bakteria, Protozoa, Fungus dan Virus.)

Ali : What picture is that, mother?


(Gambar apa tu, ibu?)

Mother : It is Bacteria. It exists in different shapes, sizes and colours.


(Itu ialah Bakteria. Ia wujud dalam berlainan bentu, saiz dan warna.)

Ali : That picture is77


(Gambar itu44)

Mother : It is Protozoa. Most of it are found mainly in ponds, lakes and


rivers.
(Itu ialah Protozoa. Kebanyakkan daripadanya dijumpai di kolam, tasik dan
sungai.)

Ali : That must be Fungi. Right, mother?


(Itu pasti fungus. Betul tak, ibu?)

Mother : Yes, it is. I know you have seen it many time on mouldy bread,
rotten food, trees and forest floors.
(Ya. Ibu tahu kamu selalu lihatnya di atas roti yang berkulat, buah yang reput,
pokok-pokok dan lantai hutan.)

Ali : And this picture, mother?


(Dan gambar itu, ibu?)

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ANIMAL SURVIVAL
Making tempe Making tapai KEMANDIRIAN HAIWAN
Membuat tempe Membuat tapai

USEFUL Bird
KEBAIKAN Burung
Frog
Katak Penguin
Making yogurt Penguin
Membuat yogurt
Making cheese
Membuat keju Snake
Ular
Produce antibiotic Form fertilizer We take care of our eggs
Menghasilkan antibiotic Membuat baja Kami menjaga telur kami

Sea horse
THE USEFUL AND THE HARMFUL OF MICROORGANISMS Kuda laut
KEBAIKAN DAN KEBURUKAN MIKROORGANISMA

Crocodile
Cockroach Buaya
Lipas

Tooth decay
Kerosakan gigi

Food poisoning
Flu Keracunan makanan
Selsema Dolphin Elephant
Ikan lumba Gajah
Bat
Kelawar
Kangaroo
HARMFUL Kangaroo
Keburukan
Mumps
Beguk
Measles
Cacar Cow
Lembu
We take care of our youngs
Kami menjaga anak kami
Tiger
Harimau
Chicken pox
Conjunctivitis Campak
Sakit mata

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PLANT SURVIVAL
KEMANDIRIAN TUMBUHAN
Mangga We dispersed by animal
Mango because we have brightly
AGENT EXAMPLE CHARACTERISTICS colour, fleshy, edible and
AGEN CONTOH CIRI-CIRI have smells. Our seed is
also hard.
Watermelon Kami dipencarkan oleh haiwan
Lotus Tembikai kerana kami mempunyai
Teratai We dispersed by water
warna yang terang, berisi,
because we are light, boleh dimakan dan
covered with waxy skin, mempunyai bau. Biji benih
waterproof, has air spaces kami juga keras.
Coconut and has spongy
Kelapa receptacles. ANIMAL
HAIWAN

Kami dipencarkan melalui air


Pong-pong
kerana kami ringan, diselaputi
Pong-pong
dengan kulit yang berlilin, kalis
air dan mempunyai rongga
yang berspan. Mimosa We are also dispersed by
Semalu animal because have hooks
WATER
AIR that can be attached to
animals.

Lovegrass
Kami juga dipencarkan oelah
Kemucup
haiwan kerana kami
mempunyai cangkuk yang
Shorea boleh melekat kepada haiwan
Meranti
We dispersed by wind
because we are small, light,
dry, have wing-like
structure, have hairs and Flame of forest We dispersed by explosive
Lallang fine hairs. Therefore it is Semarak api mechanism because we dry
Lallang up when we ripe and burst
easily carried by wind.
Balsam to push the seeds out from
Keembung the fruits.
Kami dipercarkan melalui
angina kerena kami kecil, Okra Kami dipencarkan melalui
ringan, kering, mempunyai Bendi mekanisma letupan kerana
struktur seperti sayap, ada buah kami menjadi kering
Angsana apabila masak ranum dan
bulu yang halus. Sebeb itu Rubber seed
Angsana seterusnya meletup dan biji
kami senang dibawa pergi Biji getah
oleh angin. benih kami terpelanting keluar.

Cotton
Kapas Explosive Mechanism

WIND
ANGIN

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FOOD CHAIN AND FOOD WEB


RANTAI MAKANAN DAN JARINGAN MAKANAN

bottom trees sun grass chain


bawah pokok matahari rumput rantai

Plants such as grass and trees are at the bottom of the food chain. Plants get their energy
from the sun.
Tumbuhan seperti rumput dan pokok adalah di bahagian bawah rantai makanan. Tumbuhan mendapat
tenaga daripada matahari.

deer herbivores rabbits carnivores


rusa herbivor arnab karnivor

Animals such as deer and rabbits get their energy by eating plants. They are called
herbivores, which means 'plant eaters.' There are many more herbivores on our planet than
carnivores, which are animals that eat meat.
MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN
Haiwan seperti rusa dan arnab mendapat tenaga dengan memakan tumbuh-tumbuhan. Mereka dikenali
sebagai herbivor, yang bermaksud ‘makan tumbuhan.’ Terdapat banyak herbivor daripada karnivor iaitu
haiwan yang makan daging di planet kita
Year 6
predators hunt prey top lions
pemangsa memburu mangsa atas singa

Predators such as wolves and lions are at the top of the food chain. Predators are animals
that hunt other animals. The animals that they hunt are called prey. Some animals are both
predator and prey.
Pemangsa seperti serigala dan singa adalah di bahagian atas rantai makanan. Pemangsa adalah
haiwan yang memburu haiwan lain. Haiwan yang diburu dikenali sebagai mangsa. Sesetengah haiwan
adalah kedua-duanya; pemangsa dan mangsa.

connected energy web more


berhubung tenaga jaringan lebih

Most animals belong to more than one food chain, which means many food chains are
connected together. Many food chains together form a food web. The food web shows how the
sun's energy moves from plants to animals to animals.
Kebanyakan haiwan mempunyai lebih daripada satu rantai makanan, iaitu banyak rantai makanan
dihubung bersama. Rantai makanan berhubung bersama membentuk jaringan makanan. Jaringan
makanan menunjukkan bagaimana matahari memindahkan tenaganya kepada tumbuhan dan
seterusnya daripada tumbuhan kepada haiwan.

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1.1 Understanding that some animals live in group and others live in solitary 1.2 Understanding that competition is a form of interaction among living things
Memahami bahawa sesetengah haiwan hidup berkumpulan dan selebihnya Memahami bahawa persaingan membentuk interaksi antara benda hidup
bersendirian
INTERACTION AMONG LIVING THINGS
Interaksi antara benda hidup

Interaction among living things Competition


Interaksi antara benda hidup Persaingan

Group animals and solitary animals


Haiwan berkumpulan dan haiwan Among animals Among plants
Antara haiwan Antara tumbuhan

Compete for Compete for


Bersaing untuk Bersaing untuk

Solitary Group
Bersendirian Berkumpulan

Food Water Mate Water Space


Tigers, bears For safety and food Makanan Air Pasangan Air Ruang
Harimau, beruang Untuk keselamatan dan makanan
Shelter Space / Sunlight Mineral
Tempat territory Cahaya Mineral
To avoid competition for food and space Ants, lions Ruang /
Untuk hindari persaingan mendapatkan Semut, singa kawasan
makanan dan ruang
Type
Jenis

Intraspecies Interspecies
Intraspesis Interpesis

Competition between the Competition between the


same species different species
Persaingan di antara Persaingan di antara spesis
spesis yang sama yang berbeza

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1.3 Understanding the responbility of human beings in protecting endangered 1.4 Knowing the impact of human activities on environment
species Memaham kesan daripada aktiviti manusia ke atas alam sekitar
Memahami tanggungjawab manusia untuk melindungi spesis yang terancam
Interaction among living things
Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup
Interaksi antara benda hidup
Impact of human activities
Protecting endangered species Kesan daripada aktiviti manusia
Melindungi spesis yang
terancam
Ways to prevent
Cara untuk mencegah Activities Destructions of the environment
Aktiviti Kemusnahan alam sekitar
Extinct animals Campaign
Haiwan pupus Kempen Illegal and excessive
logging Erosion
Dinosours, Pembalakan haram dan Hakisan
dodos Educating the public
Mendidik orang berleluasa
Dinosur, Landslides
dodo awam Runtuhan
Illegal and excessive
Enforcing law hunting Flash floods
Kuat kuasa undang- Pemburuan haram dan Banjir kilat
undang berleluasa
Endangered animals Factors Water pollution
and plants Faktor Pencemaran air
Haiwan dan tumbuhan Improper management of
yang terancam Illegal or excessive logging development Air pollution
Pembalakan haram atau Kelemahan pengurusan Pencemaran udara
berleluasa pembangunan
Orang utan, tiger, Raflesia,
pitcher plant
Orang utan, harimau, bunga
Hunting
pakma,pokok periuk kera
Pemburuan

Development
Pembangunan

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1.1 Understanding the measurement of length


Memahami ukuran panjang

1.3 Solid
1.3 Volume Pepejal
1.2 Area
Luas Isipadu
1.4 Liquid
Cecair

1.1 Length 1.5 Mass


Panjang Measurement
Ukuran Berat

MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA 1.7 Standard units 1.6 Time


Unit seragam Masa
Year 4

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1.2 Understanding how to calculate area


1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami cara mengira luas
Memahami ukuran panjang
1.2 Area
Measuring Arm Luas Standard unit
tape String span Unit piawai
Tali Terminology
Pita Depa
Istilah
pengukur
Terminology Cubit
Istilah Ways to measure Hasta -Square millimetre (mm2)
Cara menyukat Milimeter persegi (mm²)
-The distance between Ruler -Area is the amount of
space taken up by the -Square centimetre (cm2)
two points/ place / Pembaris Sentimeter persegi (sm²)
position surface of an object.
Luas ialah jumlah ruang -Square metre (m2)
Jarak di antara dua Meter persegi (m²)
titik/tempat/kedudukan yang
dipenuhi pada permukaan -Square kilometre (km2)
sesuatu objek Kilometer persegi (km²)
Different ways to measure area
Berbeza cara untuk menyukat luas
Length Standard Tools
Panjang Alat seragam
Correct technique
Teknik yang betul
- by placing uniform objects
such as tiles, books and
-The eye must be Measuring stamps on the surface of
directly above tape Ruler the objects
the end of object Pita Pembaris dengan meletakkan objek -Using formula
Mata mesti tepat pada pengukur seperti jubin, buku dan setem Guna rumus
bahagian bawah pada permukaan objek
hujung benda
2c
m
Unit 4c
Unit m X width
Area = length
-Using square card with a Luas = panjang X lebar
mm cm m km sides of 1 centimetre = 4cm X 2 cm
mm sm m km Menggunakan kad segi empat dengan = 8cm2
tepinya 1 sentimeter

3cm

1cm

3cm 1cm

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1.2/1.3 Understanding how measure the volume of solid and liquid 1.5 Understanding how measure mass
Memahami cara mengira isipadu pepejal dan cecair Memahami cara menyukat berat

The amount of space that something takes up


Jumlah ruang yang dipenuhi oleh sesuatu Measuring cylinder Terminology
Silinder penyukat Istilah Correct technique
Teknik yang betul

Length x width x height -Amount of matter in an object


Terminology Jumlah benda dalam objek
Panjang x lebar x tinggi Tools
Istilah
Alat Mass
Berat
Formula Electronic balance
Rumus Neraca elektronik

Volume 1.4 Liquid


1.3 Solid
Pepejal Isipadu Cecair Tools Standard unit
Alat Bathroom scale Unit piawai
Penimbang berat
Standard Units badan
Standard Units Unit piawai
Unit seragam Correct technique Lever balance Mg g kg
Teknik yang betul Beam balance mg g
Neraca tuas kg
ml, l Neraca palang
mm³, cm³, m³ ml, l
mm³, sm³, m³ Kitchen scale
a) taking the reading at the lowest part of the meniscus. Penimbang dapur
mengambil bacaan pada bahagian paling rendah pada
meniskus
b) eyes must be at the same level as the lowest part of the
meniscus
mata mesti sama pada aras paling rendah pada
meniskus

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1.6 Understanding how to measure time 1.7 Realising importance of using standard units
Memahami cara mengukur masa Menyedari kepentingan menggunakan unit yang piawai
Standard unit
Unit piawai
Terminology Time
Istilah Masa
The Importance of Standard Units
- Second , minute , hour Kepentingan unit yang piawai
Saat, minit, jam
-Duration between two event
Tempoh antara dua ketika

-for accuracy and consistency -easy to communicate and understanding


Tool untuk tepat dan konsisten mudah untuk memahami dan
Way to measure
Alatan berkomunikasi
Cara untuk mengukur

Process that repeats uniformly can be


used to measure time -Digital clock, watch, wrist watch
Proses yang berulang secara sekata Jam digital, jam, jam tangan
boleh digunakan untuk menyukat masa

Old clock Events can be used measuring time


Jam lama Kejadian boleh digunakan untuk
menyukat masa

-Sundial , sand clock , candle clock


-Jam bayang, jam pasir, jam lilin -swinging pendulum
ayunan bandul
-pulse rate candle
denyutan nadi
-water dripping
titisan air
-changing day and night
perubahan siang dan
malam

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THE STORY OF TIME Unit 4/Lesson 1


CERITA TETAG MASA Measuring Length/Mass
Defense Of Plants

Galileo Galilei was the first person to use events that repeat uniformly
to measure time such as the pendulum clock. From then onwards, the wall clock
and modern clock were invented.

Galileo Galilei merupakan orang pertama menggunakan peristiwa yang


berulang secara seragam untuk mengukur masa seperti jam bandul. Daripada
situ, jam dinding dan jam moden telah dicipta.

MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA


Year 5

Sand Clock Sundial Clock Candle Clock

Ancient Clocks

Wall clock Stop Watch Watch

Modern Clock

Unit 4/Lesson 6
Measuring Time
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1.2 Understanding that energy can be transformed from one form to another
1.1 Understanding the uses of energy
Memahami bahawa tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk ke bentuk yang
Menyedari kegunaan tenaga
lain

INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY


Menyiasat Daya dan Tenaga Light energy Electrical energy Kinetic energy
- by living things to carry - to move, boil, melt, Tenaga Cahaya Tenaga Elektrik Tenaga Kinetik
out life processes. or bounce non-living things
Ex : moving, breathing, Why energy - menggerakkan ,didih,cair atau
growing is needed? melantun benda bukan hidup Heat energy Chemical energy
- bergerak,bernafas Mengapa tenaga
diperlukan Tenaga Haba Tenaga Kimia
- membesar
Form of energy
Sun
Matahari Bentuk Tenaga
ENERGY Sound energy Potential energy
The Uses of Energy
TENAGA Tenaga bunyi Tenaga Keupayaan
Kegunaan Tenaga

-main source of energy Energy can be transformed from one form to another
sumber utama tenaga Tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk kepada bentuk lain.
- produces light and heat
menghasilkan cahaya dan
haba
Water The Sources of Energy Energy can be transformed Example of appliance that make use of
air Sumber-sumber Tenaga
Tenaga boleh diubahkan energy transformation.
Contoh alatan yang menggunakan
Food perubahan tenaga
- moving or makanan
falling water a) lighting a candle/Nyalaan lilin
produce Chemical energy heat energy + light energy
Batteries
energy Fuell Wind Tenaga kimia Tenaga haba + Tenaga Cahaya
Bateri -food contains
-Air yang Bahan Angin
bergerak api stored energy b) Kicking a ball / Menendang bola
Menghasilkan -mengadungi tenaga Chemical energy kinetic energy heat energy
tenaga tersimpan Tenaga kimia Tenaga Kinetik Tenaga haba

- Device that generated -wood, coal, a) Electric iron / Seterika elektrik


electrical energyfrom petroleum, - Moving air Electrical energy heat energy
chemical energy natural gas Udara bergerak
Tenaga elektrik Tenaga haba
-Alat yang menghasilkan -Kayu, -Used to pump
tenaga elektrik petrol,gas water b) Radio
daripada tenaga kimia asli Mengepam air, Electrical energy sound energy
Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi

c) Television
Electrical energy sound energy + light energy
Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi + tenaga cahaya

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1.3 Understanding renewable anad renewable energy 2.1 Knowing the sources of electricity
Memahami tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan tidak boleh diperbaharui Mengetahui sumber elektrik

Energy that Resources -natural Energy that be Resources –


cannot gas,petroleum,coal replenished when it is solar, wind ,biomass
be replaced Sumber – gas asli, used up fuel,water
Tenaga yang Sources
petroleum, arang. Tenaga yang boleh Sumber- Matahari,
tidak Sumber
diganti angin,minyak,air,
boleh diganti biomass

Dry cell Accumulator


Non-renewable energy Renewable energy
Sel Kering Sel Basah
Tenaga yang tidak Tenaga yang boleh
boleh diperbaharui diperbaharui

Dynamo Solar cell


Dinamo Tenaga Solar
Renewable and Non-renewable Energy
Tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan
Tidak boleh diperbaharui

Some energy
Use energy wisely resources cannot be How to save energy
Gunakan tenaga replenished Bagaimana
dengan bijak when used up. menjimatkan tenaga
Sesetengah sumber
tenaga tidak boleh
diganti bila habis
Switch off the
Avoid wastage lights if
Mengelakkan Reduce pollution Turn off the not in use.
pembaziran Mengurangkan television when no Tutup lampu jika
pencemaran. one watching it. tidak
Tutup TV jika tidak mengunakannya.
menonton.
To save cost
Menjimatkan kos

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2.2 Understanding a series circuit and a parallel circuit 2.3 Understanding the safety precautions to be taken when handling electricl
Memahami litar bersiri dan litar selari appliances
Memahami langkah pencegahan yang perlu diambil semasa menggunakan
peralatan elektrik

Type of circuit
Jenis litar Danger of mishandling electrical appliances
Bahaya kecuaian mengendali peralatan elektrik
Precautions
Langkah keselamatan
Parallel circuit Series circuit Symbol and component Fire Burn
litar selari litar bersiri Simbol dan komponen Api Bakar

Safety precautions to
be taken when using
appliances Electric shock Electrocution
Name Symbol
Langkah-langkah Kejutan elektrik Renjatan elektrik
Nama Simbol
keselamatan ketika
Dry cell mengunakan peralatan
Differences Sel Kering
Perbezaan
Connecting
wire Do not touch electrical
The bulb in the parallel circuit is brighter then Wayar
the bulb in the series circuit appliances with wet hand
penyambung Jangan sentuh alatan
Mentol dalam litar selari lebih terang daripada
mentol dalam litar bersiri Switch / Suis elektrik dengan tangan
basah
Bulb / Mentol
Do not repair electrical
appliances on your own
Jangan baiki alatan
elektrik jika tidak tahu.

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3.1 Understanding that light travels in a straight line 3.2 Understanding that light can be reflected
Memahami bahawa cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus Memahami cahaya boleh dipantulkan

Light
Light Cahaya
Cahaya

Travels in straight line How shadow is formed Uses of reflection Can be reflected
Cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus Bagaimana bayang-bayang Kegunaan pantulan Boleh dipantulkan
terbentuk

How ?
When light is completely or Bagaimana?
partially blocked by an Periscope Kaleidoscope
prove opaque object
bukti Bila cahaya disekat
sepenuhnya atau separuh Side mirror of a car The light that falls on
oleh objek legap Cermin sisi kereta objects ‘bounces off’ the
objects and comes to your
search light from helicopter eyes
cahaya dari helikopter pencari Opaque object Cahaya yang jatuh ke atas
Objek legap objek melantunkannya ke
dalam mata

the beam of light from motorcycle


alur cahaya dari motosikal mirror/ cermin
Light
Cahaya

the beam of light from lighthouse Shadow form


alur cahaya dari rumah api Objek terbentuk

the ray of Sun,passing through a


hole in the roof
alur cahaya Matahari melalui
lubang atap rumah

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4.1 Understanding that temperature in an indicator of degree of hotness


Memahami bahawa suhu adalah penunjuk darjah kepanasan
Gain Warmer SOURCES OF ENERGY
PUNCA-PUNCA TENAGA
Heat Ditambah panas
haba

Loss Cooler
Hilang Sejuk
The effects of heat on matter
Kesan haba ke atas bahan How to measure temperature
using the correct technique
Bagaimana untuk mengukur SUN WIND DRY CELL FUELS FOOD
suhu menggunakan cara yang Matahari Angin Sel kering Bahan bakar Makanan
betul
Matter expands Matter contract
when heated when cooled
Bahan Bahan mengecut FORMS OF ENERGY
mengembang bila bila sejuk BENTUK-BENTUK TENAGA
dipanaskan

Chemical energy light energy + heat energy


Tenaga kimia tenaga cahaya tenaga haba

Electrical energy light energy


Tenaga elektrik tenaga cahaya

Electrical energy heat energy


Tenaga elektrik tenaga haba

Electrical energy sound energy


Thermometer Tenaga elektrik tenaga bunyi
termometer

Electrical energy kinetic energy


Tenaga elektrik tenaga kinetic

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LIGHT
ELECTRICITY CAHAYA
ELEKTRIK ( Song : This old man)

Light oh light Cahaya oh cahaya


SOURCES OF ELECTRICITY Light travels Cahaya boleh gerak
PUNCA-PUNCA ELEKTRIK Light travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurus
Light travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurus
Therefore it can form shadow Ia membentuk bayang
DRY

CELL ACCUMULATOR DYNAMO SOLAR CELL HYDROELECTRIC


Sel kering Dynamo Sel solar Hidroelekrik

PARALLEL CIRCUIT
LITAR SELARI
SERIES CIRCUIT
LITAR SESIRI

Light oh light Cahaya oh cahaya


Light reflects Cahaya boleh pantul
Light can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkan
Light can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkan
Can see image in mirror Boleh lihat dicermin

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1.1 Understanding that push and pull are forces


Memahami bahawa tolak dan tarik adalah daya

INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY


MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA

FORCE Concept A push or a pull Cannot be seen but the


DAYA Konsep Tolak atau tarik effects can be felt
Tidak boleh dilihat tetapi
1.2 Understanding the effect of a force boleh dirasa
Memahami kesan daya
Effects
Kesan

Changes the shapes of an object


Can move a stationary object Mengubah bentuk objek
Boleh gerakkan objek yang
pegun

An object become squeezed,


MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA stretched, bent, twisted or
squashed
Changes the motion of an object Objek menjadi kemek, regang,
Year 6 Mengubah pergerakan objek bengkok,berpintal atau penyek

Stops a moving object


Memberhentikan objek yang bergerak

Changes the direction of a moving object


Mengubah arah pergerakan objek yang bergerak

Makes an object move faster or slower


Menggerakkan objek lebih cepat atau perlahan

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2.1 Understanding speed


1.3 Analysing friction Memahami laju
Analisa geseran
Movement
Pergerakkan
FRICTION
GESERAN

Speed Calculation of speed


Laju Pengiraan laju
Effects of friction Factors that affect friction Ways to reduce friction
Kesan geseran Faktor yang menyebabkan Cara kurangkan geseran
geseran How fast an object moves
Berapa laju objek bergerak Formula :
Produces heat Condition of the Use rollers or marbles Rumus
Hasilkan haba surface Guna penggelek atau
Keadaan guli Speed = Distance
Opposes motion permukaan Time
Berlawanan gerakan Laju = Jarak
Smoothen surfaces A faster object travels A faster object takes a shorter time
Weight of the Masa
Causes wear and tear Permukaan licin a longer distance in a to travel a given distance
object
Menyebabkan haus given time Objek yang laju mengambil masa
Berat objek
dan koyak Use oil, wax, grease, Objek yang lebih laju yang singkat
talcum melalui jarak yang untuk melalui jarak yang diberi
powder, air cushion lebih panjang mengikut
Slows down and stops a Guna minyak, pelicin, masa yang diberi
moving object Disadvantages
gris, Units :
Memperlahankan dan Kekurangan
memberhentikan objek yang ● km/h
bergerak Advantages km/j
Kelebihan ● m/s
m/s
● cm/s
sm/s

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1.1 The properties of materials


Sifat bahan

metal carbon glass plastics wood


logam karbon kaca plastik kayu

Light to pass through


Conduct electricity Cahaya boleh melaluinya Insulator
Mengalirkan elektrik Penebat

Properties of materials
Sifat bahan

Float on water Sink in water Can be stretch Conduct heat


Terapung atas air Tenggelam Boleh diregangkan Mengalirkan
MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN dalam air haba

Year 4 wood
kayu rubber ring
metal
stone gelang getah
logam
batu

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1.2 Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life 1.3 Synthesising the knowledge about uses of materials based on their properties
Aplikasi pengetahuan sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Sintesis pengetahuan mengenai penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan

Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life


Aplikasi pengetahuan sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Uses of materials based on their properties
Penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan

Suggest ways to keep things hot Suggest ways to keep things cold
Cadangan untuk menyimpan Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda List of object and Reason why particular
benda panas sejuk materials that they are materials are used
made of to make an object
Senarai objek dan Keterangan mengapa bahan
bahan yang dibuat tertentu digunakan untuk
daripada membuat objek
Covered with insulators
Balut dengan bahan penebat

object materials properties


objek bahan sifat
hot thing cold thing spoon metal hard
benda panas benda sejuk cheap strength
sudu logam keras
murah kuat
tissue wood soft
tisu kayu lembut
easy to get good quality
to prevent heat loss prevent from absorbing heat glasses glass transparent senang kualiti baik
untuk menghalang kehilangan haba halang daripada serap haba gelas kaca lutsinar didapati

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1.4 Knowing the importance of reuse, reduce and recycle


Memahami kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan
1.5 Understanding that some materials can rust
Memahami sesetengah bahan boleh perkarat

The importance of reuse, reduce and recycle of materials


Kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan Rusting can be prevented
Pengaratan boleh dicegah

wood cotton metal plastics synthetic cloth


kayu kapas logam plastik kain sintetik
Different ways to prevent objects from rusting The necessary to prevent rusting
Cara berbeza untuk menghalang objek Keperluan mencegah pengaratan
daripada berkarat
Natural materials Man-made materials
rubber glass
Bahan semulajadi Bahan buatan
getah kaca

Coating with non rusting *Everlasting Live


materials Tahan lebih lama
Menyadurkan dengan bahan *Save natural material
State that man-made materials comes from natural materials tidak berkarat Selamatkan bahan asal
Nyatakan bahan buatan berasal dari bahan semulajadi *paint *Save cost
cat Jimat kos
*oil *Looking good
Mencantikkan

reducing reusing recycling


mengurangkan guna semula kitar semula *Conclusion; Rusting can be avoided by preventing iron contact with air and water.
* Kesimpulan;Pengaratan boleh dihindarkan dengan menghalang ia bertindak balas
dengan air dan udara
public transport plastic bag bottle plastics glass
pengangkutan awam beg plastik botol plastik kaca

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1.6 Understanding the rusting can be prevented


MATERIALS AROU
D YOU
Memahami pengaratan boleh dicegah

Rusting can be prevented


Pengaratan boleh dicegah

MATERIALS

Rusty Non rusty objects


objects Objek tidak berkarat

Object made of iron and Object made of glass, plastic,


steel wood, clay and silk
Objek yang diperbuat Objek yang diperbuat daripada WOOD COTTON METAL GLASS RUBBER PLASTIC

daripada besi kaca,plastik, kayu, tanah liat


dan sutera

*Nail
Paku *Glass
Kaca
*Spoon
Sudu *Bottle
Botol
*Knife
Pisau *Cup
Cawan -The Properties Of Materials-

-Conducts -Allow -Can be -Insulator


-Floats -Can stretched
electricity light to
on water absorbs -Insulator
-Conducts pass
-Insulator water
heat through
-Insulator
-Conductor them
-Insulator -Boleh -Penebat
-Terapung -Boleh diregang
di atas air menyerap -Penebat
-Penebat air -Mengalirkan Membenar
-Penebat elektrik kan cahaya
-Mengalirkan menembusi
haba nya
-Konduktor -Penebat

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Opaque, Translucent and Tranparent


ATURAL A
D MA
MADE
Legap, Lutsinar dan Lutcahaya BAHA
SEMULAJADI DA
BUATA
MA
USIA
Wood Door
(opaque)
I can’t see you. METAL
Saya tak nampak awak. RUBBER LOGAM
GETAH GLASS
KACA

COTTON
SILK NATURAL KAPAS
SUTERA MADE
MATERIALS CLAY
LEATHER TANAH
KULIT LIAT

I can see you but not clear. BAHA)


Saya nampak awak tapi kurang Glass Door FUR
(Translucent) WOOD SEMULAJADI BULU
jelas. KAYU

SYNTHETC
RAYON MAN-MADE CLOTH
RAYON KAIN
MATERIALS SINTETIK

BAHA)
BUATA)
Clear glass Door
I can see you clearly. (Transparent)
MA)USIA
Saya nampak awak dengan jelas.
NYLON
PLASTIC NILON
PLASTIK

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Unit 5/Lesson7 1.1 Matter exist in the form of solid, liquid or gas
Natural and Man made Bahan wujud dalam bentuk pepejal,cecair atau gas

Water Milk
Wood Air Susu Air
Kayu Udara
Liquid
Solid Cecair gas
Pepejal
Stone Steam
batu Examples wap
Contoh

Matter
Bahan

Properties of solid Properties of gas


Sifat-sifat pepejal Properties of liquid Sifat-sifat gas
Sifat –sifat cecair

has mass fixed shape


MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN mempunyai
berat
bentuk tetap
has mass
Mempunyai
berat Can't fixed

Year 5 fixed volume


volume
Isipadu
isipadu tetap tidak
fixed can't fixed tetap
has mass volume shape
mempunyai isipadu Tidak
berat tetap mempunyai
bentuk tetap
no permanent shape
bentuk tidak tetap can compressed
boleh
dimampatkan

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1.2 Understanding that matter can change from one state to another 1.3 Understanding the water cycle
Memahami bahawa benda boleh berubah bentuk dari satu ke bentuk yang lain Memahami kitaran air
The water cycle. Condensation
Kitaran air Kondensasi
Melting
solid – liquid Peleburan Evaporation
Pepejal - cecair
Formation of clouds Penyejatan
Importance of water and rain.
Kepentingan air. Pembentukan awan dan
Boiling hujan Circulation of water in
Pendidihan the environment.
Kitaran air dalam persekitaran
liquid – gas
Cecair - gas Changes in the states of
CHANGING matter in the water cycle
STATES OF Evaporation Perubahan bentuk bahan
WATER Penyejatan dalam kitaran air
Perubahan Gas → liquid (Condensation)
Bentuk Gas Cecair ( Kondensasi )
Air
gas – liquid Condensation Droplets of water will become
gas - cecair Kondensasi bigger and heavier → rain
Liquid to gas (evaporation) Titisan air menjadi besar dan
Cecair kepada gas ( Penyejatan ) berat hujan

liquid – gas Freezing


cecair - gas Pembekuan

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1.4 Appreciating the importance of water resources 2.1 Understanding the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral substances
Menghargai kepentingan sumber air Memahami sifat asid, alkali dan bahan neutral

The properties of acid,


To prevent living aquatic from being alkaline and neutral substances.
destroyed and undergoing Ciri-ciri asid , alkali dan bahan nutral
extinction
Untuk mengelakkan hidupan air
musnah dan mengalami kepupusan
Identify acidic, alkaline and neutral Identify the taste of acidic and
To avoid infected substances using litmus paper. alkaline food.
diseases Mengenal pasti keasidan,alkali dan Mengenal pasti rasa makanan
Mengelakkan nutral bahan menggunakan kertas yang berasid dan berakali
penyakit berjangkit litmus
To regulate Reasons to keep our
the formation of water resources clean. Conclude the properties of
clouds and rain To ensure the cleanliness
Sebab untuk acidic, alkaline and neutral
Untuk of water supply
mengekalkan Changes in colour of substances. Bitter Sour
mengekalkan Memastikan air yang bersih
sumber air yang bersih litmus papers Kesimpulan ciri-ciri bahan asid, Pahit masam
pembentukan dibekalkan
Menukarkan warna kertas alkali dan neutral .
awan dan hujan litmus

Properties of alkali Properties of Properties


blue to red red to blue Ciri-ciri alkali neutral substances of acid
biru ke merah ke Ciri-ciri bahan Ciri-ciri asid
Importance of water resources.
merah biru neutral
Kepentingan sumber air
Taste bitter &
change red litmus
Acid Alkaline paper to blue Other tastes – no
Ways to keep our water asid alkali changes in litmus paper
Rasa pahit dan
resources clean
menukarkan Tidak menukarkan
Cara mengekalkan sumber
Kertas litmus warna kertas litmus
air bersih
no change merah kepada biru
tidak
Keep the rivers clean Cleanliness campaign
berubah Taste sour &
Jadikan sungai besih Kempen kebersihan
change blue
litmus paper red
neutral Rasa masam dan
neutral menukarkan
kertas litmus
merah

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STATE OF MATTER I am a droplet of water.


Saya setitis air
KEADAAN BAHAN

Solid
Ali is eating an ice cream. After a while, the ice cream Ouch! Where I am. Wow! It is big. Opss! Mmm7 cold and fresh. Where am I? Oh, I see, this
melt. Melting process changes solid to liquid. is a sea7my new place. I came from river.
Ouch! Di mana saya. Wow! Besarnya. Opss! Mmm4sejuk dan segar. Di mana saya? Oh,
Ali sedang makan ais krim. Selepas beberapa ketika, saya tahu, saya di laut4tempat baru untuk saya. Saya datang dari sungai.
ais krim itu menjadi cair. Proses pencairan
menukarkan pepejal kepada cecair.

Liquid
Arghh! Hot, very hot7Oh no! I’m moving up. What happen??? It is very hot. The sun makes
Abu feels like to drink cold water. He need some ice me very hot. It evaporate me to the sky. Evaporation change me as a water vapour.
cubes. He put water in the freezer. Freezing turn solid Arghh! Panasnya, sangat panas4 Tidak! Saya sedang bergerak ke atas. Apa dah jadi nih???
to solid. Sangat panas. Matahari membuatkan saya panas. Ia menyejat saya ke langit. Penyejatan
menukarkan saya menjadi wap air.
Abu ingin minum air sejuk. Dia perlukan ais batu. Dia
masukkan air ke dalam peti sejuk. Proses pembekuan
menukarkan cecair kepada pepejal.

Oh no! I’m shivering. It cold now. The condensation process turn me into water droplet.
Ah Seng forget to drink his ice lemon tea because his Wow! There are many droplets like me. Hey! Lets join together. Lets form cloud. Ahh7it is
mother as him to go to the shop. When he went back, better now.
he saw many water droplets on the glass. Oh no! Saya sedang menggigil. Ia sejuk sekarang. Proses kondensasi menukar saya menjadi
Condensation turn gas to liquid. titisan air. Wow! Banyaknya tiisan air macam saya. Hey! Jom bergabung. Jom bentuk awan.
Ahh4leganya dah jadi awan.
Ah Seng terlupa untuk minum airnya kerana ibunya
menyuruhnya ke kedai. Setelah pulan, dia dapati
banyak titisan air di luar gelas. Kondensasi
menukarkan gas kepada cecair.
Opss! I’m heavy now. Let me out. Ahh! I’m out now as rain. Ouch! I fall down into the river
again. My home sweet home. Yea!
Upin’s mother wants to boil some water. She knows Opss! Saya semakin berat sekarang. Saya nak keluar. Ahh! Saya dah keluar sebagai hujan
that the water is boiling because it produces steam or sekarang. Ouch! Saya jatuh kembali kedalam sungai. Rumah saya yang dirindui. Yea!
water vapour. Boiling changes liquid to gas.

Ibu Upin ingin menjerang air. Dia tahu bahawa air itu
sudah mendidih kerana terhasilnya wap air atau stim.
Pendidihan menukarkan cecair kepada gas.

Ipin’s mother hangs clothe on the cloth line. After a


while, the cloth dries. This is because evaporation
process occurs. Evaporation turn liquid to gas.

Ibu Upin menjemur kain di ampaian.

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Fill in the missing letters.


Lengkapkan perkataan dengan huruf yang betul.

C _ _ d _ _s _ _ i o _ C____

E_a___a___n

R_v__ MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN


Year 6
S __ _

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1.1 Understanding food spoilage 1.2 Synthesising the concept of food preservation
Memahami kerosakan makanan Sintesis konsep pengawetan makanan

FOOD PRESERVATION Drying Fish, prawns, cuttlefish, fruits


Pengawetan makanan Pengeringan Ikan, udang, sotong, buah

Food spoilage Boiling Meat ,fish, vegetables


Kerosakan makanan Pemanasan daging, ikan, sayur

Characteristics of spoilt food The conditions for microorganisms to grow Cooling Vegetables, fruits
Ciri-ciri makanan yang rosak Keadaan untuk mikroorganisma membesar Pendinginan Sayur, buah

Unpleasant smell Air Pickling Fruits, vegetables


Bau tidak menyenangkan Udara Penjerukan Buah, sayur

Unpleasant taste Water Freezing Chicken, meat, prawns, cuttlefish


Rasa tidak menyenangkan Air Penyejukbekuan Ayam, daging, udang, sotong
Food Preservation
Changed colour Nutrients Pengawetan makanan Pasteurising Milk, juices, ice cream
Berubah warna Zat makanan Pempausteran Susu, jus, ais krim

Changed texture Suitable temperature Smoking Meat, fish


Berubah jalinan Suhu yang sesuai Pengasapan Daging, ikan

Mouldy Suitable acidity Waxing Vegetables, fruits


Berkulat Keadaan asid yang sesuai Pelilinan Sayur, buah

Bottling/Canning Meat, fish, fruits, vegetables


Pembotolan/pengeti Daging, ikan, buah, sayur
nan

Salting Fish, meat, eggs, vegetables,


Pengasinan fruits
Ikan, daging, telur, sayur, buah

Vacuum packing Nuts, crackers, powder milk


Pembukusan Kacang, biskut, susu tepung
vakum

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1.3 Realising the importance of preserving food 2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment
Menyedari kepentingan pengawetan makanan Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada
persekitaran
Food Preservation
Pengawetan makanan

Waste Management
Pegurusan bahan buangan
The importance of preserving food
Kepentingan pengawetan makanan

Types of waste Plastics, glass, chemical waste, organic waste, metal


Jenis bahan Plastik, kaca, sisa kimia, sisa organik, logam

To make last longer To reduce wastage food Sources of waste Homes, factories, agriculture, motor vehicles
Tahan lebih lama Mengurangkan makanan terbuang Sumber bahan Rumah, kilang, pertanian, kenderaan bermotor

To make food easily to store • Dispose of waste in the right place


Makanan lebih mudah disimpan Buang bahan buangan di tempat
yang betul
• Treat waste before disposing it into
the drain
Proper Rawat bahan buangan sebelum ia
Betul mengalir keluar
• Bury waste that can decay in soil
Bakar bahan buangan yang boleh
reput dalam tanah
Ways of • Reuse of recycle waste
disposing waste Guna semula bahan kitar semula
Cara buang
bahan buangan
• Littering
Tidak teratur
• Open burning
Improper Pembakaran terbuka
Tidak betul • Release of waste into the rivers
Melepaskan bahan buangan ke
dalam sungai
• Release of smoke into the air
Melepaskan asap ke udara

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2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment


Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada
persekitaran
Damages our lungs, initiates our eyes Can kill fish and water plants
Merosakkan paru-paru.tidak elok Boleh membunuh ikan dan tumbuhan
dipandang
Water pollution
Air pollution Pencemaran air
Pencemaran udara

Harmful effects of improper Sickness &


Flash floods disposal of waste diseases
Banjir kilat Kesan buruk daripada pembuangan Kesakitan &
bahan buangan yang tidak betul penyakit

Damage property
Merosakkan harta Acid rain Thypoid, dengue fever
Hujan asid demam denggi

Can kill plants and erode building


Boleh membunuh tumbuhan dan
MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA
menghakis bangunan
Year 4
2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment
Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada
persekitaran

Waste that can


decay Advantage :
Food, paper, wood
Bahan buangan To make the soil fertiile
Makanan, surat
yang boleh reput Kelebihan :
khabar, kayu
Untuk menyburkan tanah

Waste that does


not decay Plastics, glass, Disadvantage :
Bahan buangan metal Gives out poisonous
yang Plastik, gelas, gases
tidak boleh reput logam Kelemahan :
Mengeluarkan gas
beracun

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1.1 Understanding the Solar System 1.2 Understanding the relative size and distance between the Earth, the Moon and
Memahami Sistem Solar the Sun
Memahami perbandingan saiz dan jarak antara Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari
-Nine Planets Mercury – My
Sembilan planet Utarid
-Natural satellites Venus – Very
Satelit semulajadi Zuhrah the Earth
-Meteors Earth – Excellent the Sun Bumi the Moon
Meteor Bumi the Earth Bulan
Matahari 100
Bumi 4
-Comets Mars – Mother 1
1
Komet Marikh Size of the Sun relative to
-Asteroids Jupiter – Just the size Size of the Earth relative to
Asteroid Musytari of the Earth. the size
Saturn – Served Saiz Matahari relatif saiz The relative size of the Moon.
Zuhal Bumi and distance Saiz Bumi relatif saiz Bulan
Uranus – Us between
List of
constituents Uranus the Earth, the
Neptune – Nine Moon and the
Senarai Sun
pembentukan Neptun
Pluto – Pudding Saiz dan jarak
The solar system Pluto relatif di antara
Sistem Solar Bumi, Bulan dan

The relative distance from the Earth to


List of planets the Sun compared
Senarai planet to the relative distance from the Earth
to the Moon.
Planets move around the Sun Jarak relatif dari Bumi ke Matahari
Planet beredar mengelilingi berbanding jarak relative dari Bumi ke
matahari Bulan

the Earth
Bumi the Moon
Bulan
the Sun
Matahari 150 000 000 km 382 500 km
1 : 400

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1.3 Appreciating the perfect placement of the planet Earth in the Solar System OUR SOLAR SYSTEM
Menghargai kedudukan yang sempurna planet Bumi dalam Sistem Solar
SISTEM SOLAR KITA
Much nearer :
Lebih dekat
•The nearer a planet to the Sun is, •The temperature on the Earth
the hotter is the surface of the planet. would rise. MERCURY MY MAKAN
Planet yang dekat dengan matahari Suhu di bumi akan meningkat
VENUS VERY VITAMIN
mempunyai permukaan yang paling •Water on Earth would evaporate.
panas Air di bumi akan tersejat EARTH EASY E
•The farther a planet from the Sun is, •No water and the temperature MARS METHOD MULUT
the colder is the surface of the planet. would be very hot. JUST
Planet yang paling jauh dari matahari Tiada air, suhu akan jadi lebih JUPITER JADI
mempunyai perrmukaan yang paling panas. SATURN STOP SENGET
sejuk. Much farther : URANUS USING URAT
Do not have enough air and water. Lebih jauh
Tidak mempunyai air dan udara yang •The temperature on the Earth NEPTUNE NINE
AK
mencukupi would drop. PLUTO PLANET PUTUS
Suhu di bumi akan menurun
•Water would freeze into ice.
Air akan membeku menjadi ais.
•All living things would die.
Semua benda hidup aka mati.
Earth in the Solar
System
The nine planets from the sun.
Bumi dalam
Sistem Solar
9 Planet daripada Matahari.

Effect
Why certain planets are not Kesan
conducive for living things. The Earth is the only planet
Mengapa sesetengah in the Solar System that has
planet tidak sesuai living things.
untuk benda hidup Hanya planet Bumi dalam
Sistem Solar yang
mempunyai benda hidup

• Earth is the third planet from the Sun, it receives enough


light and heat from the Sun.
Bumi adalah planet ketuga dari matahari, ia menerima
cahaya dan haba secukupnya
• It is not too hot or too cold.
Ia tidak terlalu sejuk atau panas.
• The atmosphere of the Earth contains air and there is
water on Earth.
Atmosfera bumi mengandungi udara dan air di bumi

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1.1 Understanding the constellation


Memahami buruj

Planting Harvesting
Musim menanam Musim menuai Desert Sea
Padang pasir Laut

Indicates Seasons
Menunjukkan musim
Show
Importance of Directions
What constellation is Constellation Menunjukkan arah
Apa itu buruj Kepentingan buruj

Constellation
A group of stars that form Buruj
MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA a certain pattern in the sky
Gugusan bintang-bintang Scorpion

Year 5 di langit yang membentuk


corak tertentu
Kala jengking

South
June - August Selatan

Scorpion
Southern Cross Skorpio
Pari
Identify
Constellation
Kenal pasti buruj
Orion
South
Selatan April – June Belantik

Kite or Cross Big dipper


Layang-layang atau Biduk
Palang Hunter North
Pemburu Utara

Water dipper North


Gayung December - January
Utara

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2.1 Understanding the movement of the Earth, the Moon and the Sun 2.1 Understanding the occurrence o day and night
Memahami pergerakan Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari Memahami kejadian siang dan malam
Night-time
Waktu malam
the Sun
Matahari the Earth
Earth rotates Moon rotates The earth rotates on its Bumi
on it axis on it axis axis from west to east Daytime
Bumi berputar Bulan berputar Bumi berputar pada Waktu siang
pada paksinya pada paksinya paksinya

It is day time for the part At night part of


Moon rotates and at of the Earth facing the Sun. Earth do not face Sun.
the same time Pada waktu siang sebahagian Bumi Pada waktu malam sebahagian
Earth rotates and at moves around menghadap Matahari Bumi tidak menghadap matahari
The movements
the same time moves of the Earth, the Moon the Earth
around the sun and the Sun Bulan berputar dan
Bumi berputar dan Pergerakan Bumi,Bulan pada masa
pada masa yang yang sama The occurrence of day and night
dan Matahari Kejadian siang dan malam
sama bergerak beredar mengeliligi
mengelilingi matahari Mathari
Axis
Paksi
Day and night occur due to the
rotation of the Earth on its axis.
The changes in length and The Moon and the Earth Kejadian siang dan malam berlaku
position of the shadow move round the Sun at the East
kerana putaran Bumi pada paksinya. West Timur
throughout the day same time Barat
Perubahan panjang dan Bulan dan Bumi bergerak
kedudukan bayang-bayang mengeliligi
sepanjang hari Matahari pada masa yang
sama

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2.3 Understanding the phases of tne Moon


Memahami fasa bulan

Phases Of The Moon


Fasa-fasa Bulan

The Moon Does Describe the phases of


Not Emit Light the moon
Menerangkan fasa-fasa
Bulan tidak
mengeluarkan bulan
cahaya

MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA


The Moon appear Year 6
bright when it reflect
sunlight
Bulan jadi terang
akibat pantulan
cahaya matahari.

1-New moon, 3- New half moon, 5- Full moon


1- Anak Bulan 3, Bulan separa baru 5. – Bulan penuh

7- Old half moon


Bulan separa lama

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1.1 Understanding the eclipse of the moon


Memahami gerhana bulan

1.2 Understanding the eclipse of the sun


Memahami gerhana matahari

Eclipse
Gerhana

Eclipse of The Moon Eclipse of The Sun


Gerhana bulan Gerhana matahari

The Earth is between the Sun and The Moon is between the Sun and
the Moon and the three of them lie in the Earth and the three of them lie
a straight line.
Bumi berada di antara Matahari dan
in a straight line.
Bulan berada di antara Matahari
MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI
Bulan dan ketiga-tiganya berada dan Bumi dan ketiga-tiganya berada
dalam satu garis yang lurus dalam satu garis yang lurus Year 4

The Earth blocks The Moon


Sunlight is The Moon Daylight
sunlight from looks reddish,
blocked by shadow falls becomes
reaching the Moon dark gray or
the Moon on the Earth dark during
Bumi menghalang brown
Cahaya surface the total
cahaya Matahari Bulan kelihatan
Matahari Bayang- eclipse
daripada sampai kemerahan,
dihalang bayang Bulan Hari siang
ke Bulan kelabu atau
oleh bulan jatuh ke atas menjadi
perang
permukaan gelap
Bumi menjelang
gerhana
penuh

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1.1 Understanding the importance of technology in everyday life 1.2 Understanding the development of technology
Memahami kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian Memahami pembangunan teknologi

Agriculture
Importance of technology in everyday life Pertanian
Kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian e.g.:
Technology hoe plough tractor combine harvester
Teknologi Lubang bajak traktor mesin penuai

Limitation of human ability Construction


Had keupayaan manusia Examples of human limitations are Pembinaan
Contoh had keupayaan manusia Development
Cave hut wooden house apartment
Of Technology Gua pondok rumah kayu rumah pangsa
• Unable to see fine objects Pembangunan
Tidak boleh melihat objek yang kecil teknologi

•Unable to speak loud Examples


Tidak boleh bercakap dengan kuat Contoh
Microscope
Mikroskop •Unable to walk for long distance
- The usage of lens to see fine Tidak boleh berjalan jauh Transportation
features of objects and microbes Pengangkutan
Penggunaan kanta untuk melihat benda •Unable to see far away objects
dan mikrob yang halus Tidak boleh melihat objek yang jauh Land:/ Darat
Animal bicycle car train
Microphone Haiwan basikal kereta kereta api
Mikrofon
-To increase the voice volume Air:/Udara
Untuk meninggikan suara Hot air balloon airship glider aeroplane
Belon panas kapal udara glider kapal terbang
Telephone Devices to overcome human
Telefon limitation
Water:/Air
-To communicate from long distance Alat mengatsai had
Canoe raft sampan ferry ship
Untuk berkomunikasi dari jarak yang jauh keupayaan manusia
Kenu rakit sampan feri kapal

Bicycle, motorcycle, airplanes


Basikal,motosikal , kapal terbang Communication
-Can travel long distance in a shorter time Komunikasi
Boleh pergi ke tempat jauh dalam masa
yang singkat Drawing carrier pigeon telephone
Lukisan pembawa utusan telefon
Telescope, binocular
Teleskop, binokular
-To see far away objects
Untuk melihat objek yang jauh

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1.3 Synthesising how technology can be used to solve problem 1.4 Analysing that technology can benefit mankind if used misely
Sintesis bagaimana teknologi boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah Analisa bahawa teknologi memberi manfaat jika digunakan secara bijaksana

Cannot move and lift heavy thing


Problems they encounter in their Tidak boleh beregerak dan angkat Advantages of Disadvantages of
daily life benda berat
Masalah yang dihadapi dalam Technology Technology
kehidupan sehari Kelebihan teknologi Kelemahan teknologi
Cannot move farther
Tidak boleh bergerak jauh

Brain storming
Ideas to solve the problems identified Mencari idea •Communication Environmental pollution from increase in
Idea untuk menyelesaikan masalah Komunikasi waste materials
dikenal pasti Sketch the model Enable human to learn more about Pencemaran alam daripada
Lakar model things happening around the world penambahan sisa buangan
Membolehkan manusia mengetahui
benda yang berlaku di seluruh dunia Environmental destruction result from
Technology solve problems excessive usage of natural resources
Teknologi menyelesaikan masalah •Transportation Kemusnahan alam kesan daripada
Pengangkutan penggunaan sumber semulajadi
Enable human to travel far away places yang berleluasa
in shorter time
Membolehkan manusia pergi ke tempat Social problem
Wheel barrow jauh dalam masa yang singkat Masalah sosial
Device to solve the problem
Kereta sorong
identified.
Alat untuk menyelesaikan masalah •Agriculture Bad effects on health result from
dikenalpasti Lever environmental pollution and excessive
Tuas
Pertanian
Machines make it easier to plants and use of chemicals
harvest their crops Kesan buruk kepada kesihatan kesa
Mesin memudahkan untuk menanam daripada pencemaran sekitar dan
dan menuai penggunaan bahan kimia secara
Demonstrate that device invented Wheel barrow – can move heavy thing berleluasa
can be used to solve the problem easily •Construction
identified Kereta sorong-boleh mengangkat benda Pembinaan
Demontrasi bahawa alat yang dicipta berat dengan senang Roads, highways, bridges and
boleh digunakan untuk building is easier and faster to build
menyelesaikan masalah yang
dikenal pasti Pulley – can lift everything Memudahkan pembinaan jalan, lebuh
Takal – boleh mengangkat apa sahaja raya,jambatan dan bangunan

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HUMAN LIMITATIONS AND WAYS TO OVERCOME


KETIDAKUPAYAAN MANUSIA DAN CARA MENTASAINYA

We can’t fly. Can we save the


I can’t hear you. I can’t walk, Kami tak boleh data?
Saya tak dengar anymore. terbang. Boleh tak kita
awak Saya tak boleh simpan data ini?
berjalan lagi.

MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI


Year 5

HOW TO OVERCOME THE PROBLEM?

Use the phone Use the car Use the aeroplane Use the computer

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1.1 Knowing the shapes of objects in structures. 1.2 Understanding the strength and stability of a structure.
Mengetahui bentuk objek di dalam struktur Memahami kekuatan dan kestabilan struktur.

Shapes of objects that are stable


Bentuk benda yang stabil
Identify shape in structure
The shape of objects Mengenal pasti bentuk di
Bentuk-bentuk benda Strength and Stability
dalam struktur Kekuatan dan Kestabilan Cube, cone, cylinder
Kiub.kon,silinder

The factors that affect stability of


Cylinder objects
Silinder Faktor-faktor yang memberi kesan
Sphere kestabilan objek
sfera
Cube Cuboid Cylinder
Kiub Kuboid Silinder Height , base area
The factors that affect the Ketinggian , luas tapak
strength of a structure
Faktor-faktor yang memberi
kesan sesuatu struktur
Bigger base area more stable
Sphere Pyramid Cone Semakin luas tapak bertambah
Sfera Piramid Kon Types of materials used
kestabilan
Steel, iron, wood
Smaller base area less stable
Jenis bahan yang digunakan
Semakin kecil luas tapak kurang
Keluli, besi, kayu
kestabilan

Lower object more stable


Semakin rendah objek bertambah
kestabilan
Higher object less stable
Tinggi objek kurang kestabilan

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1.1 Understanding simple machines


Memahami mesin ringkas

MACHINES
Mesin

Wedge To cut or separate objects


Baji Untuk memotong atau mengasing objek

Screw To fix two objects together


Skru Untuk mengetatkan dua benda bersama

Gear To move objects easily


Gear Untuk menggerakkan objek dengan mudah

MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Simple


machines
Pulley To carry or to lift objects to higher place
Takal Untuk membawa atau mengangkat objek ke
Year 6 Mesin
ringkas
tempat tinggi

Inclined plane To lift heavy objects easier


Satah condong Untuk mengangkat objek dengan mudah

Lever To carry or move heavy objects easily


Tuas Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda
berat dengan mudah

Wheel and axle To carry or move heavy objects easily


Roda dan gandar Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda
berat dengan mudah

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Catatan :
1.2 Analysing a complex machines
Analisa mesin yang kompleks

Complex Made up of more than e.g Wheelbarrow, bicycle, a pair of


Machine one simple machine scissors, fishing rod
Mesin Terdiri lebih dari satu Kereta sorong. basikal, gunting,
kompleks mesin ringkas rod pancing

1.3 Appreciating the invention of machines that make life easier


Menghargai mesin yang dicipta membuatkan hidup menjadi senang

To carry, move or lift heavy


things more easily Crane, lift
Untuk membawa atau Kren, lif
mengangkat benda dengan mudah

To travel from one place to another Aeroplane, bus


Machine Untuk pergi dari satu tempat ke
make Kapal terbang, bas
tempat yang lain
life easier
Mesin
membuat
kehidupan
lebih mudah To make work faster Tractor
Untuk membuat kerja lebih cepat Trektar

To make communication with


people faster and easier Computer, satelite
Untuk berkomunikasi dengan Komputer, satelit
manusia lebih cepat dan mudah

To treat diseases Dialysis machine


Untuk mengesan penyakit Mesin dialisis

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