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WAYS IN WHICH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES CAN PROMOTE LEARNING AUTONOMY

Ways in Which Digital Technologies can Promote Learning


Wynena Curley-Cox
University of West Georgia
Digital Resources for Teaching and Learning
MEDT 7465
Instructor: Amy Cheney
March 29, 2015

WAYS IN WHICH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES CAN PROMOTE LEARNING AUTONOMY


How to use Digital Technologies in the 21st Century Classroom to Promote Learning
Autonomy?

Teaching in the 21st Century is different from a traditional classroom. The traditional
classroom is taught by the teachers in the classroom by using lectures and reading from the
textbooks that are the main sources of learning. The Digital Technology in a 21st Century
classroom is a blend of learning environment where knowledge is discovered by the students
using a variety of rich traditional and online interactive resources. Education is a very simple-tocomplex form of learning, the knowledge, skill and practices transferred from one generation to
the next with the pedagogy of teaching and learning that is divided up into stages. The stages of
education are preschool, primary school, secondary school, and college. Using Digital
Technologies in the 21st Century classroom to promote learner autonomy will bring challenges
and enhancement for the student, they will have the ability to take charge of ones learning. We
have to wonder if promoting learner autonomy with digital technology is effective in the
classroom. The development of learner autonomy is widely varied depending on teachers roles
and overall classroom environment. The teachers can promote learner autonomy with digital
technology, like e-journals/e-diaries, YouTube, digital books, internet, online dictionary, videos
and etc... We can consider Digital Technologies Effective to Promote Learner Autonomy in the
21st Century by understanding the approach and implementing learner autonomy in the classroom
by responding to the following questions:
1. What are the steps to promote learner autonomy in the 21st Century Classroom?
2. How can teachers be supportive of Learner Autonomy?
3. What type of Digital Technologies helps with Learner Autonomy?
Using Digital Technologies in the 21st Century Classroom for Learning Autonomy provides
meaningful and powerful learning, help students self-esteem, students are capable of making

WAYS IN WHICH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES CAN PROMOTE LEARNING AUTONOMY


decisions with regard to their own learning, students can set their own goals and working toward
achieving them.
What are the steps to promote learner autonomy in the 21st Century Classroom?
What is Learner Autonomy? According to Moore (2015), An autonomous learner has
developed the capacity to take at least some control over their learning; and The learning
environment provides opportunities for the learner to take control of their learning. There are
many strategies which may help the teachers who want to promote opportunities for learners to
become more autonomous learners. Here are a few that can promote learner autonomy: the
development of autonomy requires learners to build up a skillset that allows them to direct their
own learning, take responsibility for their own learning, learning to learn, understand timemanagement, self-study skills, actively manage their learning, use their own learning strategies,
and have a learning goal. According to The Sheffield Hallam (2015), their definition of learner
autonomy starts with the premise that an autonomous learner takes responsibility for his/her
own learning. In doing this, they can identify: their learning goals (what they need to learn), their
learning processes (how they will learn it), how they will evaluate and use their learning, they
have well-founded conceptions of learning, they have a range of learning approaches and skills,
they can organize their learning, they have good information processing skills, and they are well
motivated to learn. I believe that digital technology plays a great role with learner autonomy
and using the proper steps of promoting autonomy can enhance and maintain learner autonomy
for students in the 21st century classroom.
How can teachers be supportive of Learner Autonomy?
Teachers should be very supportive of learner autonomy to have a positive learning

WAYS IN WHICH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES CAN PROMOTE LEARNING AUTONOMY


process with digital technologies. Mariano (1997) states To answer our students' need for
autonomy we challenge them. To answer their need for dependence, we support them. And we
do this in two basic and closely related areas: the way we choose, set and manage tasks, and the
way we manage the interaction within the class. Teachers do serve an important role by helping
students assess where they are and understand where they need to go next, helping the learners
organize their learning and be motivated to become a learner antonym. Teachers should have
knowledge of autonomy, and aware of their role of teaching in the classroom is less. That means
teachers become less of an instructor and more of a facilitator, counselor, or as a resource. In
2006, Hyungshin also states teacher supports a students psychological needs (e.g., autonomy,
competence, and relatedness), interests, preferences, and values. Asking students what they want
(e.g., asking for their input into the lesson plan) is an autonomy-supportive behavior because the
teacher seeks to identify students psychological needs and integrate them into the days lesson.
I believe that teachers will need to create a classroom learning environment that provides the
students with digital technologies and becoming more flexible to allow greater independence for
learner autonomy in the 21st century.
What type of Digital Technologies helps with Learner Autonomy?
Today, we are surrounding our homes, schools, workplaces, libraries, and churches with
digital technology that can enhance our learning and becoming more a learner autonomy. When
technology integration in the classroom is seamless and thoughtful, students not only become
more engaged, they begin to take more control over their own learning, too. Effective teaching
integration changes classroom dynamics, encouraging student-centered project-based learning.

WAYS IN WHICH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES CAN PROMOTE LEARNING AUTONOMY


The different types of digital technologies that teachers use to promote learner autonomy, ejournals, e-diaries, You Tube, digital books, internet, online dictionary, videos, computer
software, laptops, touch pads, smartphones, and etc According to Edutopia (2015),
"technology integration depends on the kinds of technology available and how much access one
has to technology. This definition also depends on who is using the technology. For instance, in
a classroom with only an interactive whiteboard and one computer, learning will still remain
teacher centered and integration will revolve around teacher needs, which are not necessarily
student needs. I love using digital technology in my classroom, which technology integration
is essential in our digital world.
Conclusion
Using Digital Technologies in the 21st Century classroom to promote learner autonomy
will bring challenges and enhancement for the student, they will have the ability to take charge
of ones learning. . The teachers can promote learner autonomy with digital technology, like ejournals/e-diaries, YouTube, digital books, internet, online dictionary, videos and etc... A
classroom that promotes Learner Autonomy, teachers become less of an instructor and more
of a facilitator, counselor, or as a resource. Digital technologies can promote learning autonomy
if teachers can successfully use technology to enhance teaching and bring learning to life for the
students wanting to teach themselves with digital technology. One of the best ways to learn
anything is to teach yourself by Giles Sutherland Rich (1999).

Reference

WAYS IN WHICH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES CAN PROMOTE LEARNING AUTONOMY


Al Asmari, A. (2013). Practice and prospects of learner autonomy: teachers
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Barrillano, F. (2011). Teacher perspectives of learners autonomy in language learning.
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from Sage Pub
Edutop1a. (2015). How to integrate technology. What Works in Education. Retrieved from
http://www.edutopia.org/technology-integration-guide-implementation
Hyungshin, Jang., & Johnmarshall, R. (2006). What teacher say and do to support students
autonomy during a learning activity. Journal of Education Psychology, 98(1), 209-218.
http://johnmarshallreeve.org/yahoo_site_admin1/assets/docs/Reeve_Jang2006.4731508.p
df
Kim, H.J. (2014). The use of technology for learner autonomy in language classroom. ITBELinks. Retrieved from http://www.itbe.org/v_newsletters/article_23358209.htm

Mariano, L. (1997). Teacher support and teacher challenge in promoting learner autonomy.
Journal of TESOL-Italy, 13 (2). http://www.learningpaths.org/papers/papersupport.htm
Moor, I., (2015). The centre promoting learner autonomy. Sharpens Your Thinking., Retrieved
From http://extra.shu.ac.uk/cetl/cpla/whatislearnerautonomy_print.html