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Review Test Submission: Elements Form Compounds Unit


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Charles Cao
Chemistry - Semester 1 (3-27-15)
Elements Form Compounds Unit Exam
6/29/16 10:52 PM
6/29/16 11:31 PM
Completed
97 out of 100 points
38 minutes

Elements Form Compounds Unit Exam 100 points


Congratulations on completing this unit! In this unit you learned
about:

The nomenclature of simple compounds.


The general concepts of chemical bonding.
Distinguishing between ionic bonds and covalent bonds.
Using Lewis dot structures to illustrate compounds.
Now it's time to take the unit exam. Please make sure to check
your understanding of the topics above before proceeding to
take the exam. After you have completed the exam, continue
with the course.

Question 1
2 out of 2 points

A single atom of lithium can combine with a single atom of iodine to create electron energy
stability for both atoms.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response Hydrogen would share its single electron with chlorine. In return, chlorine would
Feedback: share its one unpaired valence electron with hydrogen. The hydrogen atom

would then have its needed two electrons to be stable. Chlorine would then
have its needed octet to be stable.

Question 2
3 out of 3 points

Oxygen would acquire a stable arrangement of electrons by bonding with two atoms of
which of the following elements?
Selected Answer:

sodium
Correct Answer:

sodium
Response If binding with two atoms, the atoms that oxygen is binding to would need to
Feedback: lose one valence each. The only element listed whose atom can lose one

valence electron is sodium. This bond would provide both oxygen and sodium
with a stable arrangement of electrons.

Question 3
2 out of 2 points

The bond between hydrogen and oxygen in H2O is ionic.


Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
Response Feedback: Ionic bonds generally exist only between a metal and a nonmetal

atom.

Question 4
3 out of 3 points

Which of the following possesses an ionic bond?


Selected Answer:

LiF
Correct Answer:

LiF
Response
Feedback:

Ionic bonds exist in compounds containing a metal and a nonmetal because


of their large electronegativity difference.

Question 5
2 out of 2 points

The name for the compound, Na3PO3, is sodium phosphate.


Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
The phosphate ion is a polyatomic ion with the formula, PO43-. Na3PO3 is
sodium phosphite.

Response
Feedback:

Question 6
3 out of 3 points

The name of the compound SrSO3 is:


Selected Answer:

Strontium sulfite
Correct Answer:

Strontium sulfite
Response The sulfite ion, SO3 , is composed of nonmetal atoms and binds with the metal,
Feedback: strontium (Sr), to form an ionic bond. It is not necessary to use Roman
2-

numerals in the name where alkaline earth metals are involved, only transition
metals (whose positive charge may be 1, 2, 3, 4 etc.).

Question 7
2 out of 2 points

The chemical formula for potassium acetate is P(C2H3O2)3.


Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
Response
Feedback:

The chemical symbol for potassium is K. Potassium acetate has the


formula KC2H3O2

Question 8
3 out of 3 points

The chemical formula for potassium perchlorate is:


Selected Answer:

KClO4
Correct Answer:

KClO4
Response
Feedback:

The prefix per- and the suffix -ate suggest a polyatomic anion with the
greatest number of oxygen atoms. This anion would need to be paired with a
cation (metal).

Question 9
2 out of 2 points

Salts, such as sodium chloride, have a high melting point.


Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response Feedback:

Ionic compounds have very high melting and boiling points.

Question 10
3 out of 3 points

Which of the following will have the highest melting point?


Selected Answer:

KCl
Correct Answer:

KCl
Response
Feedback:

Ionic compounds possess very high melting points, in comparison to


covalent compounds.

Question 11
2 out of 2 points

A covalent bond exists when the electronegativity difference between two atoms is small
or zero.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

When there is very little to no difference in electronegativity values of two


atoms, the bond exhibits equal sharing of electrons between atoms.

Question 12
3 out of 3 points

Which of the following represents a purely covalent bond?


Selected Answer:

NN
Correct Answer:

NN
Response When the electronegativity difference between two atoms is zero, the bond is
Feedback: considered purely covalent. Metals do not typically form covalent bonds

because their electron affinity values are unfavorable. Noble gases typically do
not react.

Question 13
2 out of 2 points

The name of the compound, CI4, is monocarbon tetraiodide.


Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
Response
Feedback:

The prefix mono- is never used to describe the number for the first element
in the covalent compound name.

Question 14
3 out of 3 points

Which of the following is the name for PCl5?


Selected Answer:

Phosphorus pentachloride
Correct Answer:

Phosphorus pentachloride
Response In binary covalent compounds, the more electronegative element is written last
Feedback: and its name has the suffix -;ide. There is one phosphorus atom and five

chlorine atoms present. Consequently, it is necessary to use the prefix pentato describe the number of chlorine atoms.

Question 15
2 out of 2 points

The molecular formula for nitrogen monoxide is NO.


Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

There is one oxygen atom bonded to the nitrogen atom. Consequently, it is


necessary to use the prefix mono- for oxygen. The prefix mono- is never used
for the first element in the name.

Question 16
2 out of 2 points

The Lewis dot structure for a molecule shows how atoms are connected to one another
within a molecule.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Lewis dot structures show two-dimensional connectivity but not threedimensional geometry.

Response
Feedback:

Question 17
3 out of 3 points

Which is true of the Lewis dot structures for H 2S and SO2?


Selected Answer:

Both show S as the central atom


Correct Answer:

Both show S as the central atom


Response
Feedback:

In each molecule, there is only one atom of sulfur. Therefore, its symbol is
placed between the symbols of the two other atoms.

Question 18
2 out of 2 points

Covalent compounds generally have high melting points.


Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
Covalent compounds have low melting points compared to those of ionic
compounds.

Response
Feedback:

Question 19
3 out of 3 points

To create a Lewis dot structure, where do you first place electrons?


Selected Answer:

between the central atom and each bonded outer atom


Correct Answer:

between the central atom and each bonded outer atom


Response
Feedback:

The first step is to place a pair of bonding electrons between the central
atom and each outer atom.

Question 20
2 out of 2 points

Covalent compounds generally have high melting points.


Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
Covalent compounds have low melting points compared to those of ionic
compounds.

Response
Feedback:

Question 21
3 out of 3 points

Which is true about covalent compounds?


Selected Answer:

Have a low boiling point


Correct Answer:

Have a low boiling point


Response
Feedback:

Covalent compounds have low boiling and melting points compared to


those of ionic compounds.

Question 22
2 out of 2 points

The ion, PO43, possesses more than one resonance structure.


Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

3-

PO4 possesses four resonance structures, as the double bond that exists in
the ion can be present any one of the oxygen-phosphorus bonds.

Question 23
3 out of 3 points

Determine the number of resonance structures for the oxalate ion, C 2O42.
Selected Answer:

4
Correct Answer:

4
Response
Feedback:

There are four resonance structures for the oxalate ion. The number of
resonance structures corresponds to the number of oxygen atoms sharing
electrons.

Question 24
2 out of 2 points

Expanded octets may exist in some molecules.


Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

Nonmetal elements in any row below the second in the periodic table can
"expand" their "octet" by adding electrons to unfilled d orbitals.

Question 25
3 out of 3 points

Which of the following is not an example of an expanded octet?


Selected Answer:

Correct Answer:

Response
Feedback:

Central atoms possessing more than four bonds (or a total of eight valence
electrons) are examples where an expanded octet exists. Only NH3 does not
have more than four pairs of electrons around it.

Question 26
2 out of 2 points

When a molecule contains three bonds and a single lone pair attached to the central atom,
the molecular geometry is trigonal planar.
Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
With three bonds and a single lone pair on the central atom, the molecular
geometry is trigonal pyramidal.

Response
Feedback:

Question 27
3 out of 3 points

What is the molecular geometry of XeF2?


Selected Answer:

linear
Correct Answer:

linear
Response
Feedback:

XeF2 possesses three lone pairs and two bonds attached to the central
atom. Therefore, the molecular geometry is linear.

Question 28
2 out of 2 points

The molecule shown below is nonpolar.


Selected Answer:

FALSE
Correct Answer:

FALSE
Due to the two lone pairs located on the central chlorine atom, an unequal
distribution of electrons will exist.

Response
Feedback:

Question 29
3 out of 3 points

Which of the following molecules is nonpolar?


Selected Answer:

Correct Answer:

Response Due to the nitrogen being bonded to the same atom, the electronegativity
Feedback: difference is the same around the nitrogen, with those three polar bonds being

directed to the corners of a triangle. Thus, they cancel each other out and the
molecule is nonpolar.

Question 30
2 out of 2 points

It is possible for molecules to exhibit more than one type of intermolecular force.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response Molecules can possess more than one type of intermolecular force. For example,
Feedback: dipole-dipole bonds occur for both H2O and H2S molecules, though they are not

the main reason why H2O boils at a higher temperature than H2S. In these
molecules, dipole-dipole bonds represent only a small part of the total
interaction between the molecules.

Question 31
3 out of 3 points

What is the main type of intermolecular force exhibited in liquid C 2H6?


Selected Answer:

London dispersion force

Correct Answer:

London dispersion force


Response The main type in this molecule is London dispersion; the molecule is nonpolar
Feedback: and possesses an even distribution of electrons. Because of this, the only force

that can exist between two neighboring nonpolar molecules is due to the
temporary dispersion of the electron clouds of two neighboring molecules.

Question 32
2 out of 2 points

Oxygen and fluorine exist as gases at room temperature (O2 and F2) due to their lack of
strong intermolecular bonding.
Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response Oxygen and fluorine exist as diatomic gases at room temperature because they
Feedback: possess only London dispersion forces. With a small number of electrons

present, there is not enough of a London dispersion attractive force to keep


them in a solid or liquid phase at room temperature (they have relatively low
boiling points).

Question 33
3 out of 3 points

Which of the following solids would melt at the highest temperature?


Selected Answer:

C8H18
Correct Answer:

C8H18
Response All of the compounds listed contain only London dispersion forces.
Feedback: Consequently, in order to determine which compound would have the highest

melting point, identify the total number of electrons in a molecule of each


compound. The higher the number of electrons, the greater the London
dispersion attractive force and the higher the melting point.

Question 34
2 out of 2 points

Carbon can double-bond to some atoms to complete its octet.


Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE

Response Feedback: An example of this is ethene, which has the structural formula HC=CH.

Question 35
3 out of 3 points

Carbon is often found in long chains composed of carbon and:


Selected Answer:

hydrogen
Correct Answer:

hydrogen
Response
Feedback:

Most commonly, carbon is observed in long chains of hydrocarbons with


the generic formula, Cx Hy.

Question 36
2 out of 2 points

The name of the organic compound below is propene. [DAM:631093]


Selected Answer:

TRUE
Correct Answer:

TRUE
Response
Feedback:

Propene contains three carbon atoms and one double-bond between the
first and second carbon.

Question 37
3 out of 3 points

The molecule

contains two of which functional group?

Selected Answer:

alcohol
Correct Answer:

alcohol
Response
Feedback:

The structure shows two alcohol groups located at opposite ends of the
five-carbon chain.

Question 38
2 out of 2 points

Organic compounds ending with -ol describe compounds with aldehyde functional groups.
Selected Answer:

FALSE

Correct Answer:

FALSE
Organic compounds ending with -ol describe compounds with alcohol
functional groups.

Response
Feedback:

Question 39
3 out of 3 points

Which organic compound displays an aldeyde functional group?


Selected Answer:

Correct Answer:

Response Feedback:

is an aldehyde functional group.

Question 40
0 out of 3 points

Which of the following is not an example of a biological polymer?


Selected Answer:

Potato starch
Correct Answer:

Amino acid
Response
Feedback:

Proteins, starches, and other carbohydrates are all examples of polymers, as


they consist of repeating units of a monomer. Amino acids are the monomers
of proteins.

Sunday, July 3, 2016 11:26:16 PM CDT


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