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Rekayasa Kualitas

Materi ke 1
Pendahuluan
ekopujiyanto@ft.uns.ac.id

Agenda Hari Ini

Tentang kuliah ini


Tentang saya
Pendahuluan

Tentang kuliah ini

Waktu kuliah :
Senin, 09.20 11.05
Waktu konsultasi :
Senin, 11.10 11.45
Homepage kuliah :
eko.staff.uns.ac.id/rekayasakualitas
Silabus, Penilaian and Referensi
Jadwal kuliah

Silabus, Penilaian and Referensi

Prasyarat :
Probabilitas dan Statistik Industri, Pengendalian
Kualitas , Desain Eksperimen
Tujuan :
Membantu mahasiswa untuk memahami dan
mengaplikasi metoda Taguchi. Beberapa studi
kasus masalah industri diberikan untuk
memahami aplikasi metoda Taguchi secara
sistematik.

Silabus, Penilaian and Referensi


Isi Mata kuliah :
Pendahuluan : dasar-dasar rekayasa kualitas , kualitas
dan kemampuan process
Proses Perancangan : proses perancangan , prinsip
kekokohan
Orthogonal Array dan Mariks Eksperimen : matriks
eksperimen , interaksi , seleksi karakteristik kualitas
Fungsi Tujuan Dalam Perancangan Kokoh : SN ratio
untuk masalah statis , analisis kecacatan fraksi ,
aplikasi SN ratio

Silabus, Penilaian and Referensi


Isi Mata kuliah :
Mengelola Eksperimen : proses menyelesaikan
masalah, eksperimen perancangan kokoh ,
eksperimen industri
Modifikasi Orthogonal Array : perancangan multi
level, perancangan dummy level , perancangan
combination factor , perancangan nested-factor ,
perancangan idle-column , interaksi distribusi
Strategi Perancangan Kokoh
Konsep dan Aplikasi Rekayasa Kualitas Multi Respons

State of the art quality engineering

Silabus, Penilaian and Referensi


Syarat Penilaian
Kuis Tingkat partisipasi lebih dari 75%
dan tingkat kebenaran lebih dari 40 %
Tugas Tingkat partisipasi lebih dari 75%
dan tingkat kebenaran lebih dari 40 %
Kehadiran di kelas Tingkat kehadiran lebih
dari 75%

Silabus, Penilaian and Referensi

Unsur Penilaian

Ujian Tengah Semester = Nilai 100

Ujian Akhir Semester = Nilai 100

Nilai Akhir ( NA ) = 0.5 UTS + 0.5 UAS

Silabus, Penilaian and Referensi


Aturan Tambahan

Mahasiswa yang tidak mengikuti salah satu UTS


atau UAS yang diadakan dengan ijin yang sah masih
mungkin lulus dengan mengikuti Ujian Perbaikan
dengan nilai maksimum B.
Mahasiswa yang nilai-nya E, D atau/dan C, WAJIB
mengikuti Ujian Perbaikan dengan nilai maksimum
B.

Silabus, Penilaian and Referensi


Unsur Penilaian Kelompok
Peer evaluation forms will be filled up by each student to
evaluate each team member in the following categories:
1. Participation
2. Team player, peace maker, consensus builder
3. Efforts in his/her assignment
4. Perceived expertise
5. Willingness to help others on the team with their needs
6. Amount of work accomplished
7. Overall evaluation team members performance for project

Silabus, Penilaian and Referensi


Angka dan Huruf
Sesuai SK Rektor UNS No. 644/UN27/HK/2015 )

Referensi :

Belavendram , N. , Quality by Design , Prentice Hall ,


London , 1995
Phadke , M.S., Quality Engineering Using Robust Design ,
Prentice Hall , 1989
Roy, R.K., Design of Experiments Using the Taguchi
Approach : 16 Steps to Product and Process Improvement ,
John Wiley & Sons, 2001 .
Genichi Taguchi , Subir Chowdhury , Yuin Wu, Taguchis
Quality Engineering Handbook , John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,
Hoboken, New Jersey, 2005

Rencana Kuliah

Tentang saya
Academics Background
1993
: Undergraduate, Mathematics ITB
1998
: Graduate , Industrial Engineering ITB
2012
: Doctoral , Mechanical Engineering, UGM
Research Interest : Biomaterial , Quality Engineering and
Optimization
Status

: Married , 4 boys

Hobbies

: Iqro , Studying and Teaching

Posisi mata kuliah ini


Statistik I

Statistik II

Pengendalian
Kualitas

Perancangan
Eksperimen
Rekayasa
Kualitas

OR I-II

Matriks dan
Vektor

Definition of Quality

Quality means different things to different


people ( Juran, Deming, Crosby, Garvin and
Feigenbaum )
Taguchi
We measure the quality of a product in
terms of the total loss to society due to
functional variation and harmful side effects

Definition Quality Engineering

Quality Engineering is defined as "the branch of


engineering which deals with the principles and
practice of product and service quality assurance and
quality control ".
A Quality Engineer would therefore responsible for
the implementation of a Quality Management
System in the company as well as for the
maintenance of the QMS. Changes in Processes and
Products should be consulted by the Quality
Engineer.

Quality Engineering
Course dan Research

Quality Engineering
Course dan Research

The Research Group of Quality Engineering has no


disciplinary boundaries: its methodologies are
applicable to every branch of engineering and
business.
The focus of the Group is on the analytical aspect,
making heavy use of applied probability and
statistical tools for data collection, analysis,
interpretation, and decision making.
http://www.ise.nus.edu.sg/research_groups/quaeng/

Quality Engineering
Course dan Research

In particular, the systems perspective employed will


often lend broad views and provide sharpened
insights to industrial leaders and managers in their
pursuit of quality excellence and business viability.
Research conducted includes statistical process
control, robust design, design of experiments,
engineering reliability, and software reliability.

http://www.ise.nus.edu.sg/research_groups/quaeng/

Quality Engineering
Course dan Research

Pengetahuan dan ketrampilan untuk meningkatkan


kualitas produk dan jasa melalui pemahaman
terhadap standar, quality control , quality assurance ,
berbagai alat statistik untuk keperluan pengendalian
dan peningkatan kualitas, serta implementasi konsep
Total Quality Management, Six Sigma, dan
perbaikan berkelanjutan.
S2 - ITS

Batasan Rekayasa Kualitas


Dalam Kuliah Ini

Membantu mahasiswa untuk memahami dan


mengaplikasi metoda Taguchi.
Beberapa studi kasus masalah industri diberikan
untuk memahami aplikasi metoda Taguchi
secara sistematik.

What is the Design of Experiment


technique?

It all began with R. A. Fisher in England back


in 1920s.
Fisher wanted to find out how much rain,
sunshine, fertilizer, and water produce the
best crop.
Design Of Experiments(DOE):

statistical technique
study the effect of multiple variables
simultaneously

Who is Taguchi?

Born in Japan, 1924


Electrical Engineer
Worked during 1950s to improve Japans
post-WWII telephone communication system
Father of the Taguchi Method and Robust
Engineering
He devoted much of his quality improvement
effort on simplifying and standardizing the
application of the DOE technique.

Who is Taguchi?

Source : www.qualitydigest.com

What is The Taguchi Approach ?

Design of Experiments (DOE) using


Taguchi Approach is a standardized
form of experimental design technique
(referred as classical DOE) introduced
by R. A. Fisher in England in the early
1920s.

What is The Taguchi Approach ?

Although Dr. Taguchi successfully


applied the technique in many
companies throughout the world, it was
introduced to USA and other western
countries only in the early 1980s.
Design of Experiment using the Taguchi
Approach is just one of the many tools.

WHATS NEW? Philosophy !

Traditionally, quality activities took


place only at the production end.
Dr. Genichi Taguchi proposed that a
better way to assure quality is to build it
in the product by designing quality into
the product

WHATS NEW? Philosophy !

DO IT UP-FRONT:

He emphasized that the return on investment is


much more when quality was addressed in
engineering stages before production
The best way is to build quality into the design

DO IT IN DESIGN. DESIGN QUALITY IN:

Does not replace quality activities in production


Must not forget to do quality in design

WHATS NEW? Philosophy !

A few popular techniques used in different phases of


engineering activities
Phases of
Techniques
engineering activities
Design
Design Reviews, DOE, Taguchi
methods, etc.
Development
DOE, Taguchi Methods, Growth
Modeling, etc.
Test & Validation
Reliability, Taguchi Methods
Production

SPC, DOE, Taguchi Methods, Loss


Function

WHATS NEW? Philosophy !

How do you improve quality in Design,


Development, and Validation and Production?
The Taguchi approach presents an attractive option in
all activities mentioned above.
The Biggest Bang For Your Buck
A
Design

B
Development

C
Test & Validation

D
Production

WHATS NEW? Loss Function!

By measuring quality not by Rejection at


production, but in terms of deviation from
the target.
By using the Loss function formulation to
quantify the cost of quality

WHATS NEW? Loss Function!


LOSS FUNCTION : A formula to quantify the amount
of loss based on deviation from the target performance.
$Loss

L=K(y -Yo)

Target

Yo

WHATS NEW? Definition of Quality!

CONSISTENCY OF PERFORMANCE :
Quality may be viewed in terms of
consistency of performance. To be consistent
is to BE LIKE THE GOOD ONES ALL
THE TIME.

WHATS NEW? Definition of Quality!

CONSISTENCY OF PERFORMANCE
Target

Target

Target

WHATS NEW? Definition of Quality!

REDUCED VARIATION AROUND THE


TARGET: Quality of performance can be
measured in terms of variations around the
target.
Minimize variation around the target by
reducing the distance of the mean to the
target(m) and by reducing the standard
deviation ().

WHATS NEW? Definition of Quality!


Target

What you want


to become

m
What you are now

Mean

Target

To improve quality (Q)

WHATS NEW? Discipline!

BRAINSTORMING: Plan experiments and follow


through.
TEAM WORK: Work as a team and not alone.
CONSENSUS DECISIONS: Make decisions
democratically as a team. Avoid expert based
decisions.
COMPLETE ALL EXPERIMENTS planned before
making any conclusions.

WHATS NEW? Discipline!


Typical Old Approach
(Series Process)

Some thinking

Try this

Some more thinking

Try that

Do Lots Of Thinking
(Brainstorming)

New Approach
(A Parallel Process)

- What are we after?


- How do we measure results?

Application Steps

- etc.

I. Planning
II. Designing

Trial#1

Trial#2

III. Doing
Conduct Experiments

Analyze Results

IV. Analyzing

Run confirmation
Experiments

V. Confirming

WHATS NEW? Simpler and


Standardized DOE!

APPLICATION STEPS: Steps for


applications are clearly defined.
EXPERIMENT DESIGNS: Experiments are
designed using special orthogonal arrays.
ANALYSIS OF RESULTS: Analysis and
conclusions follow standard guidelines.

WHY TAGUCHI APPROACH?

Experimental Efficiency
Easy Application And Data Analysis
Higher Probability Of Success
Option To Confirm Predicted
Improvement
Quantified Improvement
Improve Quality And Profitability

WHEN and WHERE to apply

Solve manufacturing and production


problems
Optimize process designs
Optimize product designs
Apply when more than one factor
influences the outcome

Use of Statistical Technique - Old way


Vs. New way

OLD WAY

Quality belongs to a few


Statistical tools used only when needed
Applied with the help of resident experts
Work alone or with smaller groups

NEW WAY

Quality is everyones business


Statistical techniques applied more often
Everyone learns to apply it on their own
Techniques used are easy to learn and apply
Often work as a team

Pertemuan Selanjutnya

Dasar-dasar rekayasa kualitas


Metoda Taguchi
Kualitas dan kemampuan proses

Referensi :
Belavendram , hal 1 40
Phadke , hal 1 9 ( Jadi Tugas 1 )