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Data Screening

DATE: 08/31/2016
TIME: 06:17
P R E L I S

9.1 (STUDENT)
BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom


This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2012
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
The following lines were read from file E:\iPhone\Ayu\SEM.PRL:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
!Contents of LSFFILE:
!-------------------!DA NI=13 NO=200 MI= -999999 TR=LI
!LA
!KL1 KL2 KL3 KL4 KL5 KW1 KW2 KW3
!KP1 KP2 KP3 CM1 CM2
!CO KL1
!CO KL2
!CO KL3
!CO KL4
!CO KL5
!CO KW1
!CO KW2
!CO KW3
!CO KP1
!CO KP2
!CO KP3
!CO CM1
!CO CM2
!End of Contents
!--------------SY='E:\iPhone\Ayu\SEM.LSF'
OU XM

Total Sample Size(N) =

200

Univariate Distributions for Ordinal Variables


KL1 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
2
24
12.0

3
135
67.5

4
41
20.5

KL2 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
3
1.5

2
12
6.0

3
138
69.0

4
47
23.5

KL3 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
2
26
13.0

3
136
68.0

4
38
19.0

KL4 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
1
0.5
2
27
13.5

3
141
70.5

4
31
15.5


KL5 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart


1
1
0.5
2
25
12.5

3
139
69.5

4
35
17.5

KW1 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
2
22
11.0

3
139
69.5

4
39
19.5

KW2 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
8
4.0

2
60
30.0

3
110
55.0

4
22
11.0

KW3 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
6
3.0

2
67
33.5

3
100
50.0

4
27
13.5

KP1 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
1
0.5
2
28
14.0

3
134
67.0

4
37
18.5

KP2 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
2
16
8.0

3
142
71.0

4
42
21.0

KP3 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
2
1.0

2
29
14.5

3
140
70.0

4
29
14.5

CM1 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
2
33
16.5

3
143
71.5

4
24
12.0

CM2 Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
2
25
12.5

3
143
71.5

4
32
16.0

There are 151 distinct response patterns, see
The 20 most common patterns are :
22
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The Problem used

FREQ-file.
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23248 Bytes (= 0.1% of available workspace)

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Normalitas
DATE: 08/31/2016
TIME: 06:19
P R E L I S

9.1 (STUDENT)
BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by


Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2012
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
The following lines were read from file E:\iPhone\Ayu\SEM.PRL:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='E:\iPhone\Ayu\SEM.LSF'
NS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
OU MA=CM XT

Total Sample Size(N) =

200

Univariate Summary Statistics for Continuous Variables


Variable
-------KL1
KL2
KL3
KL4
KL5
KW1
KW2
KW3
KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

Mean
---3.085
3.145
3.060
3.010
3.040
3.085
2.730
2.740
3.035
3.130
2.980
2.955
3.035

St. Dev.
-------0.565
0.579
0.564
0.558
0.566
0.547
0.707
0.725
0.588
0.524
0.576
0.533
0.534

Skewness
-------0.018
-0.058
-0.011
-0.085
-0.083
0.001
-0.102
-0.043
-0.095
0.041
-0.122
-0.010
0.007

Kurtosis
-------0.126
0.618
0.167
0.767
0.645
0.332
0.008
-0.203
0.390
0.520
0.806
0.557
0.555

Minimum Freq.
------- ----1.991
24
1.421
3
1.994
26
1.125
1
1.137
1
1.987
22
1.059
8
0.948
6
1.083
1
1.969
16
1.199
2
2.005
33
1.995
25

Maximum Freq.
------- ----3.995
41
4.038
47
3.996
38
4.012
31
4.009
35
3.993
39
4.056
22
4.011
27
4.009
37
3.988
42
4.030
29
4.007
24
3.996
32

Test of Univariate Normality for Continuous Variables


Skewness
Variable Z-Score P-Value
KL1
KL2
KL3
KL4
KL5
KW1
KW2
KW3
KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

-0.108
-0.345
-0.067
-0.501
-0.490
0.003
-0.605
-0.252
-0.560
0.245
-0.723
-0.057
0.043

0.914
0.730
0.947
0.616
0.624
0.998
0.545
0.801
0.575
0.806
0.470
0.954
0.966

Kurtosis

Skewness and Kurtosis

Z-Score P-Value
0.509
1.625
0.619
1.897
1.676
1.026
0.174
-0.528
1.156
1.433
1.964
1.507
1.503

Chi-Square P-Value

0.611
0.104
0.536
0.058
0.094
0.305
0.862
0.598
0.248
0.152
0.050
0.132
0.133

0.271
2.761
0.388
3.850
3.049
1.053
0.396
0.342
1.650
2.112
4.378
2.273
2.261

0.873
0.251
0.824
0.146
0.218
0.591
0.821
0.843
0.438
0.348
0.112
0.321
0.323

Relative Multivariate Kurtosis = 1.245


Test of Multivariate Normality for Continuous Variables
Skewness

Kurtosis

Skewness and Kurtosis

Value
-----27.519

Z-Score P-Value
------- ------11.936
0.000

Value
------242.792

Z-Score P-Value
------- ------9.951
0.000

Chi-Square P-Value
---------- ------241.471
0.000

Covariance Matrix

KL1
KL2
KL3
KL4
KL5
KW1
KW2
KW3
KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

KL1
-------0.319
0.160
0.105
0.100
0.102
0.092
0.059
0.077
0.098
0.074
0.118
0.049
0.077

KL2
--------

KL3
--------

KL4
--------

KL5
--------

KW1
--------

0.336
0.148
0.128
0.166
0.126
0.126
0.118
0.090
0.100
0.127
0.131
0.082

0.318
0.185
0.144
0.131
0.119
0.117
0.104
0.077
0.092
0.119
0.088

0.311
0.161
0.145
0.138
0.150
0.095
0.110
0.115
0.100
0.095

0.320
0.172
0.192
0.176
0.094
0.136
0.127
0.103
0.110

0.299
0.193
0.219
0.118
0.164
0.112
0.135
0.097

KW3
--------

KP1
--------

KP2
--------

KP3
--------

CM1
--------

0.525
0.172
0.189
0.160
0.185
0.136

0.346
0.146
0.149
0.147
0.085

0.274
0.138
0.121
0.116

0.331
0.094
0.090

0.284
0.108

Covariance Matrix

KW2
KW3
KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

KW2
-------0.500
0.373
0.147
0.171
0.150
0.154
0.160

Covariance Matrix

CM2

CM2
-------0.285

Total Variance = 4.449 Generalized Variance = 0.286614D-08


Largest Eigenvalue = 1.960 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.089
Condition Number = 4.691
Means
KL1
-------3.085

KL2
-------3.145

KL3
-------3.060

KL4
-------3.010

KL5
-------3.040

KW1
-------3.085

KW2
-------2.730

KW3
-------2.740

KP1
-------3.035

KP2
-------3.130

KP3
-------2.980

CM1
-------2.955

KL2
-------0.579

KL3
-------0.564

KL4
-------0.558

KL5
-------0.566

KW1
-------0.547

Means

Means
CM2
-------3.035
Standard Deviations
KL1
-------0.565
Standard Deviations

KW2
-------0.707

KW3
-------0.725

KP1
-------0.588

KP2
-------0.524

KP3
-------0.576

CM1
-------0.533

Standard Deviations
CM2
-------0.534
The Problem used

20984 Bytes (= 0.1% of available workspace)

Confirmatory Factor Analysis


DATE: 8/31/2016
TIME: 6:13
L I S R E L

9.10 (STUDENT)
BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by


Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2012
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
The following lines were read from file E:\iPhone\Ayu\SEM.spj:
Confirmatory Factor Analysis
SYSTEM FILE from file 'E:\iPhone\Ayu\SEM.DSF'
Sample Size = 200
Latent Variables KL KW KP CM
Relationships
KL1-KL5 = KL
KW1-KW3 = KW
KP1-KP3 = KP
CM1-CM2 =CM
Path Diagram
End of Problem
Sample Size =

200

Confirmatory Factor Analysis


Covariance Matrix

KL1
KL2
KL3
KL4
KL5
KW1
KW2
KW3
KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

KL1
-------0.319
0.160
0.105
0.100
0.102
0.092
0.059
0.077
0.098
0.074
0.118
0.049
0.077

KL2
--------

KL3
--------

KL4
--------

KL5
--------

KW1
--------

0.336
0.148
0.128
0.166
0.126
0.126
0.118
0.090
0.100
0.127
0.131
0.082

0.318
0.185
0.144
0.131
0.119
0.117
0.104
0.077
0.092
0.119
0.088

0.311
0.161
0.145
0.138
0.150
0.095
0.110
0.115
0.100
0.095

0.320
0.172
0.192
0.176
0.094
0.136
0.127
0.103
0.110

0.299
0.193
0.219
0.118
0.164
0.112
0.135
0.097

KW3
--------

KP1
--------

KP2
--------

KP3
--------

CM1
--------

0.525
0.172
0.189
0.160
0.185
0.136

0.346
0.146
0.149
0.147
0.085

0.274
0.138
0.121
0.116

0.331
0.094
0.090

0.284
0.108

Covariance Matrix

KW2
KW3
KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

KW2
-------0.500
0.373
0.147
0.171
0.150
0.154
0.160

Covariance Matrix

CM2

CM2
-------0.285

Total Variance = 4.449 Generalized Variance = 0.286614D-08


Largest Eigenvalue = 1.960 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.089
Condition Number = 4.691

Confirmatory Factor Analysis


Number of Iterations = 11
LISREL Estimates (Maximum Likelihood)
Measurement Equations

KL1 = 0.284*KL, Errorvar.= 0.239 , R = 0.253


Standerr (0.0407)
(0.0256)
Z-values
6.987
9.338
P-values
0.000
0.000
KL2 = 0.389*KL, Errorvar.= 0.185 , R = 0.450
Standerr (0.0392)
(0.0220)
Z-values
9.904
8.382
P-values
0.000
0.000
KL3 = 0.387*KL, Errorvar.= 0.169 , R = 0.470
Standerr (0.0380)
(0.0204)
Z-values
10.185
8.244
P-values
0.000
0.000
KL4 = 0.395*KL, Errorvar.= 0.156 , R = 0.501
Standerr (0.0372)
(0.0194)
Z-values
10.615
8.010
P-values
0.000
0.000
KL5 = 0.411*KL, Errorvar.= 0.151 , R = 0.528
Standerr (0.0374)
(0.0194)
Z-values
10.994
7.776
P-values
0.000
0.000
KW1 = 0.378*KW, Errorvar.= 0.156 , R = 0.477
Standerr (0.0360)
(0.0182)
Z-values
10.507
8.574
P-values
0.000
0.000
KW2 = 0.572*KW, Errorvar.= 0.173 , R = 0.654
Standerr (0.0439)
(0.0250)
Z-values
13.017
6.914
P-values
0.000
0.000
KW3 = 0.612*KW, Errorvar.= 0.150 , R = 0.714
Standerr (0.0442)
(0.0251)
Z-values
13.841
5.975
P-values
0.000
0.000
KP1 = 0.377*KP, Errorvar.= 0.203 , R = 0.411
Standerr (0.0409)
(0.0242)
Z-values
9.206
8.399
P-values
0.000
0.000
KP2 = 0.396*KP, Errorvar.= 0.118 , R = 0.571
Standerr (0.0352)
(0.0174)
Z-values
11.241
6.770
P-values
0.000
0.000
KP3 = 0.359*KP, Errorvar.= 0.202 , R = 0.390
Standerr (0.0403)
(0.0237)

Z-values
P-values

8.910
0.000

8.542
0.000

CM1 = 0.357*CM, Errorvar.= 0.157 , R = 0.448


Standerr (0.0410)
(0.0232)
Z-values
8.703
6.759
P-values
0.000
0.000
CM2 = 0.302*CM, Errorvar.= 0.194 , R = 0.319
Standerr (0.0401)
(0.0230)
Z-values
7.515
8.459
P-values
0.000
0.000

Correlation Matrix of Independent Variables


KL
-------1.000

KW
--------

KW

0.658
(0.056)
11.687

1.000

KP

0.715
(0.059)
12.045

0.783
(0.051)
15.242

1.000

CM

0.779
(0.077)
10.180

0.836
(0.071)
11.701

0.886
(0.078)
11.415

KL

KP
--------

CM
--------

1.000

Log-likelihood Values
Estimated Model
--------------Number of free parameters(t)
32
-2ln(L)
-1174.941
AIC (Akaike, 1974)*
-1110.941
BIC (Schwarz, 1978)*
-1005.395

Saturated Model
--------------91
-1334.060
-1152.060
-851.913

*LISREL uses AIC= 2t - 2ln(L) and BIC = tln(N)- 2ln(L)


Goodness of Fit Statistics
Degrees of Freedom for (C1)-(C2)
Maximum Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square (C1)
Browne's (1984) ADF Chi-Square (C2_NT)
Estimated Non-centrality Parameter (NCP)
90 Percent Confidence Interval for NCP

59
159.119 (P = 0.0000)
148.410 (P = 0.0000)
100.119
(66.434 ; 141.468)

Minimum Fit Function Value


Population Discrepancy Function Value (F0)
90 Percent Confidence Interval for F0
Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA)
90 Percent Confidence Interval for RMSEA
P-Value for Test of Close Fit (RMSEA < 0.05)

0.796
0.501
(0.332 ; 0.707)
0.0921
(0.0750 ; 0.109)
0.000

Expected Cross-Validation Index (ECVI)


90 Percent Confidence Interval for ECVI
ECVI for Saturated Model
ECVI for Independence Model

1.116
(0.947 ; 1.322)
0.910
12.174

Chi-Square for Independence Model (78 df)


Normed Fit Index (NFI)
Non-Normed Fit Index (NNFI)
Parsimony Normed Fit Index (PNFI)

2408.823
0.934
0.943
0.706

Comparative Fit Index (CFI)


Incremental Fit Index (IFI)
Relative Fit Index (RFI)
Critical N (CN)

0.957
0.957
0.912
110.014

Root Mean Square Residual (RMR)


Standardized RMR
Goodness of Fit Index (GFI)
Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI)
Parsimony Goodness of Fit Index (PGFI)

0.0209
0.0627
0.898
0.842
0.582

The Modification Indices Suggest to Add the


Path to from
Decrease in Chi-Square
New Estimate
KL5
KW
11.3
0.19
KW1
KL
31.6
0.30
KW1
KP
21.1
0.35
KW1
CM
26.1
0.49
KW3
KL
11.4
-0.24
KW3
CM
9.0
-0.43
The Modification Indices Suggest to Add an Error Covariance
Between
and
Decrease in Chi-Square
New Estimate
KL2
KL1
14.8
0.07
KL4
KL3
14.8
0.06
KW2
KW1
9.2
-0.05
KW3
KW2
27.2
0.16
KP2
KW1
10.0
0.04
Time used 0.047 seconds

Structural Equation Modeling


DATE: 8/31/2016
TIME: 6:25
L I S R E L

9.10 (STUDENT)
BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by


Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2012
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
The following lines were read from file E:\iPhone\Ayu\SEM.spj:
Structural Equation Modeling
SYSTEM FILE from file 'E:\iPhone\Ayu\SEM.DSF'
Sample Size = 200
Latent Variables KL KW KP CM
Relationships
KL1-KL5 = KL
KW1-KW3 = KW
KP1-KP3 = KP
CM1-CM2 =CM
KP = KL KW
CM = KL KW KP
Number of Decimals = 2
Admissibility check = off
Options: AD = off
Options: IT = 1000
Options: SC
Options: EF
Method of estimation = Maximum Likelihood
Path Diagram
End of Problem
Sample Size =

200

Structural Equation Modeling


Covariance Matrix

KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2
KL1
KL2
KL3
KL4
KL5

KP1
-------0.35
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.08
0.10
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.09

KP2
--------

KP3
--------

CM1
--------

CM2
--------

KL1
--------

0.27
0.14
0.12
0.12
0.07
0.10
0.08
0.11
0.14

0.33
0.09
0.09
0.12
0.13
0.09
0.11
0.13

0.28
0.11
0.05
0.13
0.12
0.10
0.10

0.29
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.10
0.11

0.32
0.16
0.10
0.10
0.10

KW1
KW2
KW3

0.12
0.15
0.17

0.16
0.17
0.19

0.11
0.15
0.16

0.13
0.15
0.19

0.10
0.16
0.14

0.09
0.06
0.08

KL3
--------

KL4
--------

KL5
--------

KW1
--------

KW2
--------

0.32
0.19
0.14
0.13
0.12
0.12

0.31
0.16
0.14
0.14
0.15

0.32
0.17
0.19
0.18

0.30
0.19
0.22

0.50
0.37

Covariance Matrix

KL2
KL3
KL4
KL5
KW1
KW2
KW3

KL2
-------0.34
0.15
0.13
0.17
0.13
0.13
0.12

Covariance Matrix

KW3

KW3
-------0.53

Total Variance = 4.45 Generalized Variance = 0.286614D-08


Largest Eigenvalue = 1.96 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.09
Condition Number = 4.69

Structural Equation Modeling


Number of Iterations = 15
LISREL Estimates (Maximum Likelihood)
Measurement Equations

KP1 = 0.38*KP, Errorvar.= 0.20 , R = 0.41


Standerr
(0.024)
Z-values
8.40
P-values
0.000
KP2 = 0.40*KP, Errorvar.= 0.12 , R = 0.57
Standerr (0.049)
(0.017)
Z-values
8.15
6.77
P-values
0.000
0.000
KP3 = 0.36*KP, Errorvar.= 0.20 , R = 0.39
Standerr (0.050)
(0.024)
Z-values
7.14
8.54
P-values
0.000
0.000
CM1 = 0.36*CM, Errorvar.= 0.16 , R = 0.45
Standerr
(0.023)
Z-values
6.76
P-values
0.000
CM2 = 0.30*CM, Errorvar.= 0.19 , R = 0.32
Standerr (0.045)
(0.023)
Z-values
6.77
8.46
P-values
0.000
0.000

KL1 = 0.28*KL, Errorvar.= 0.24 , R = 0.25


Standerr (0.041)
(0.026)
Z-values
6.99
9.34
P-values
0.000
0.000
KL2 = 0.39*KL, Errorvar.= 0.18

, R = 0.45

Standerr
Z-values
P-values

(0.039)
9.90
0.000

(0.022)
8.38
0.000

KL3 = 0.39*KL, Errorvar.= 0.17 , R = 0.47


Standerr (0.038)
(0.020)
Z-values
10.19
8.24
P-values
0.000
0.000
KL4 = 0.39*KL, Errorvar.= 0.16 , R = 0.50
Standerr (0.037)
(0.019)
Z-values
10.61
8.01
P-values
0.000
0.000
KL5 = 0.41*KL, Errorvar.= 0.15 , R = 0.53
Standerr (0.037)
(0.019)
Z-values
10.99
7.78
P-values
0.000
0.000
KW1 = 0.38*KW, Errorvar.= 0.16 , R = 0.48
Standerr (0.036)
(0.018)
Z-values
10.51
8.57
P-values
0.000
0.000
KW2 = 0.57*KW, Errorvar.= 0.17 , R = 0.65
Standerr (0.044)
(0.025)
Z-values
13.02
6.91
P-values
0.000
0.000
KW3 = 0.61*KW, Errorvar.= 0.15 , R = 0.71
Standerr (0.044)
(0.025)
Z-values
13.84
5.98
P-values
0.000
0.000

Structural Equations

KP = 0.35*KL + 0.55*KW, Errorvar.= 0.32 , R = 0.68


Standerr (0.11)
(0.11)
(0.098)
Z-values
3.24
4.81
3.24
P-values
0.001
0.000
0.001
CM = 0.48*KP + 0.24*KL + 0.31*KW, Errorvar.= 0.14 , R = 0.86
Standerr (0.21)
(0.14)
(0.17)
(0.14)
Z-values
2.25
1.66
1.81
1.00
P-values
0.024
0.098
0.071
0.317

NOTE: R for Structural Equations are Hayduk's (2006) Blocked-Error R


Reduced Form Equations
KP = 0.35*KL + 0.55*KW, Errorvar.= 0.32, R = 0.68
Standerr (0.11)
(0.11)
Z-values
3.24
4.81
P-values
0.001
0.000
CM = 0.40*KL + 0.57*KW, Errorvar.= 0.21, R = 0.79
Standerr (0.13)
(0.13)
Z-values
3.21
4.49
P-values
0.001
0.000

Correlation Matrix of Independent Variables

KL

KL
-------1.00

KW
--------

KW

0.66
(0.06)
11.69

1.00

Covariance Matrix of Latent Variables

KP
CM
KL
KW

KP
-------1.00
0.89
0.72
0.78

CM
--------

KL
--------

KW
--------

1.00
0.78
0.84

1.00
0.66

1.00

Log-likelihood Values
Estimated Model
--------------Number of free parameters(t)
32
-2ln(L)
-1174.941
AIC (Akaike, 1974)*
-1110.941
BIC (Schwarz, 1978)*
-1005.395

Saturated Model
--------------91
-1334.060
-1152.060
-851.913

*LISREL uses AIC= 2t - 2ln(L) and BIC = tln(N)- 2ln(L)


Goodness of Fit Statistics
Degrees of Freedom for (C1)-(C2)
Maximum Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square (C1)
Browne's (1984) ADF Chi-Square (C2_NT)
Estimated Non-centrality Parameter (NCP)
90 Percent Confidence Interval for NCP

59
159.12 (P = 0.0000)
148.41 (P = 0.0000)
100.12
(66.43 ; 141.47)

Minimum Fit Function Value


Population Discrepancy Function Value (F0)
90 Percent Confidence Interval for F0
Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA)
90 Percent Confidence Interval for RMSEA
P-Value for Test of Close Fit (RMSEA < 0.05)

0.80
0.50
(0.33 ; 0.71)
0.092
(0.075 ; 0.11)
0.00

Expected Cross-Validation Index (ECVI)


90 Percent Confidence Interval for ECVI
ECVI for Saturated Model
ECVI for Independence Model

1.12
(0.95 ; 1.32)
0.91
12.17

Chi-Square for Independence Model (78 df)


Normed Fit Index (NFI)
Non-Normed Fit Index (NNFI)
Parsimony Normed Fit Index (PNFI)
Comparative Fit Index (CFI)
Incremental Fit Index (IFI)
Relative Fit Index (RFI)
Critical N (CN)

Root Mean Square Residual (RMR)


Standardized RMR
Goodness of Fit Index (GFI)
Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI)
Parsimony Goodness of Fit Index (PGFI)

2408.823
0.93
0.94
0.71
0.96
0.96
0.91
110.014

0.021
0.063
0.90
0.84
0.58

The Modification Indices Suggest to Add the


Path to from
Decrease in Chi-Square
New Estimate
KL5
KW
11.3
0.19
KW1
KL
31.6
0.30
KW3
KL
11.4
-0.24

The Modification Indices Suggest to Add an Error Covariance


Between
and
Decrease in Chi-Square
New Estimate
KL2
KL1
14.8
0.07
KL4
KL3
14.8
0.06
KW1
KP2
10.0
0.04
KW2
KW1
9.2
-0.05
KW3
KW2
27.2
0.16
Structural Equation Modeling
Standardized Solution
LAMBDA-Y

KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

KP
-------0.38
0.40
0.36
- - -

CM
-------- - - 0.36
0.30

LAMBDA-X

KL1
KL2
KL3
KL4
KL5
KW1
KW2
KW3

KL
-------0.28
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.41
- - - -

KW
-------- - - - - 0.38
0.57
0.61

BETA

KP
CM

KP
-------- 0.48

CM
-------- - -

GAMMA

KP
CM

KL
-------0.35
0.24

KW
-------0.55
0.31

Correlation Matrix of ETA and KSI

KP
CM
KL
KW

KP
-------1.00
0.89
0.72
0.78

CM
--------

KL
--------

KW
--------

1.00
0.78
0.84

1.00
0.66

1.00

PSI
Note: This matrix is diagonal.
KP
-------0.32

CM
-------0.14

Regression Matrix ETA on KSI (Standardized)

KP
CM

KL
-------0.35
0.40

KW
-------0.55
0.57

Structural Equation Modeling


Completely Standardized Solution

LAMBDA-Y

KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

KP
-------0.64
0.76
0.62
- - -

CM
-------- - - 0.67
0.56

LAMBDA-X

KL1
KL2
KL3
KL4
KL5
KW1
KW2
KW3

KL
-------0.50
0.67
0.69
0.71
0.73
- - - -

KW
-------- - - - - 0.69
0.81
0.85

BETA

KP
CM

KP
-------- 0.48

CM
-------- - -

GAMMA

KP
CM

KL
-------0.35
0.24

KW
-------0.55
0.31

Correlation Matrix of ETA and KSI

KP
CM
KL
KW

KP
-------1.00
0.89
0.72
0.78

CM
--------

KL
--------

KW
--------

1.00
0.78
0.84

1.00
0.66

1.00

PSI
Note: This matrix is diagonal.
KP
-------0.32

CM
-------0.14

THETA-EPS
KP1
-------0.59

KP2
-------0.43

KP3
-------0.61

CM1
-------0.55

CM2
-------0.68

KL2
-------0.55

KL3
-------0.53

KL4
-------0.50

KL5
-------0.47

THETA-DELTA
KL1
-------0.75
THETA-DELTA
KW2
-------0.35

KW3
-------0.29

Regression Matrix ETA on KSI (Standardized)

KP

KL
-------0.35

KW
-------0.55

KW1
-------0.52

CM

0.40

0.57

Structural Equation Modeling


Total and Indirect Effects
Total Effects of KSI on ETA

KP

CM

KL
-------0.35
(0.11)
3.25

KW
-------0.55
(0.11)
4.83

0.40
(0.13)
3.22

0.57
(0.13)
4.50

Indirect Effects of KSI on ETA

KP
CM

KL
-------- -

KW
-------- -

0.17
(0.09)
1.90

0.26
(0.12)
2.11

Total Effects of ETA on ETA

KP
CM

KP
-------- -

CM
-------- -

0.48
(0.21)
2.26

- -

Largest Eigenvalue of B*B' (Stability Index) is


Total Effects of ETA on Y
KP
-------0.38

CM
-------- -

KP2

0.40
(0.05)
8.17

- -

KP3

0.36
(0.05)
7.16

- -

CM1

0.17
(0.08)
2.26

0.36

CM2

0.14
(0.06)
2.22

0.30
(0.04)
6.79

KP1

Indirect Effects of ETA on Y


KP
--------

CM
--------

0.228

KP1

- -

- -

KP2

- -

- -

KP3

- -

- -

CM1

0.17
(0.08)
2.26

- -

CM2

0.14
(0.06)
2.22

- -

Total Effects of KSI on Y


KL
-------0.13
(0.04)
3.25

KW
-------0.21
(0.04)
4.83

KP2

0.14
(0.04)
3.33

0.22
(0.04)
5.10

KP3

0.13
(0.04)
3.23

0.20
(0.04)
4.78

CM1

0.14
(0.04)
3.22

0.20
(0.05)
4.50

CM2

0.12
(0.04)
3.13

0.17
(0.04)
4.26

KP1

Structural Equation Modeling


Standardized Total and Indirect Effects
Standardized Total Effects of KSI on ETA

KP
CM

KL
-------0.35
0.40

KW
-------0.55
0.57

Standardized Indirect Effects of KSI on ETA

KP
CM

KL
-------- 0.17

KW
-------- 0.26

Standardized Total Effects of ETA on ETA

KP
CM

KP
-------- 0.48

CM
-------- - -

Standardized Total Effects of ETA on Y

KP1
KP2

KP
-------0.38
0.40

CM
-------- - -

KP3
CM1
CM2

0.36
0.17
0.14

- 0.36
0.30

Completely Standardized Total Effects of ETA on Y

KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

KP
-------0.64
0.76
0.62
0.32
0.27

CM
-------- - - 0.67
0.56

Standardized Indirect Effects of ETA on Y

KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

KP
-------- - - 0.17
0.14

CM
-------- - - - - -

Completely Standardized Indirect Effects of ETA on Y

KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

KP
-------- - - 0.32
0.27

CM
-------- - - - - -

Standardized Total Effects of KSI on Y

KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

KL
-------0.13
0.14
0.13
0.14
0.12

KW
-------0.21
0.22
0.20
0.20
0.17

Completely Standardized Total Effects of KSI on Y

KP1
KP2
KP3
CM1
CM2

KL
-------0.23
0.27
0.22
0.27
0.23

KW
-------0.35
0.42
0.34
0.38
0.32
Time used 0.109 seconds