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Document No.

GIS 12-351

Applicability

Group

Date

19 December 2003

Guidance on Industry Standard for


Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

GIS 12-351

BP GROUP

ENGINEERING TECHNICAL PRACTICES

19 December 2003

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

Foreword
This is the first issue of Engineering Technical Practice (ETP) GIS 12-351. This Guidance on Industry
Standard (GIS) is based on parts of heritage documents from the merged BP companies:

Amoco (ACES)
A EL-UPS-00-P

Electrical Uninterruptible Power Supply Specification

ARCO (APCES)
ES 317 91F

Instrument Power Supply Systems.

BP GOMDW
EL-SP-4050

Uninterruptible Power Supplies

BP Chemicals
CP 17-17-1

Uninterruptible Power Supply

BP (RPSE)
RP 12-5
GS 112-10

Electrical Systems and Installations Power Supplies for Control


Systems
Secure Static AC Power Supplies for Control Systems

Copyright 2003, BP Group. All rights reserved. The information contained in this
document is subject to the terms and conditions of the agreement or contract under which
the document was supplied to the recipients organization. None of the information
contained in this document shall be disclosed outside the recipients own organization
without the prior written permission of Manager, Standards, BP Group, unless the terms of
such agreement or contract expressly allow.

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19 December 2003

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

Table of Contents
............................................................................................................................................. Page
Foreword .............................................................................................................................................. 2
1.

Scope.......................................................................................................................................... 5

2.

Normative references ................................................................................................................. 5

3.

General requirements................................................................................................................. 5
3.1. Governing standards....................................................................................................... 5
3.2. Ambient conditions.......................................................................................................... 5
3.3. Reliability, service life, and operation ............................................................................. 5
3.4. Acoustic noise ................................................................................................................. 6

4.

System design ............................................................................................................................ 6


4.1. General............................................................................................................................ 6
4.2. Incoming power supplies ................................................................................................ 6
4.3. Output power supplies .................................................................................................... 7
4.4. System configuration....................................................................................................... 7
4.5. System operation ............................................................................................................ 8

5.

Rectifier/battery chargers ........................................................................................................... 8

6.

Batteries and battery enclosures................................................................................................ 9


6.1. Batteries .......................................................................................................................... 9
6.2. Battery enclosures .......................................................................................................... 9

7.

Inverters ...................................................................................................................................... 9

8.

Static transfer switches ............................................................................................................ 10

9.

Manual maintenance bypass switches .................................................................................... 11

10.

Isolation transformers ............................................................................................................... 12


10.1. General.......................................................................................................................... 12

11.

Metering and alarms and indicators ......................................................................................... 12


11.1. Metering......................................................................................................................... 12
11.2. Alarms and indicators.................................................................................................... 12

12.

UPS system isolation and protection ....................................................................................... 13


12.1. Isolation for maintenance .............................................................................................. 13
12.2. Circuit protection ........................................................................................................... 13
12.3. Fuse protection.............................................................................................................. 14
12.4. Reversed polarity protection ......................................................................................... 14

13.

Enclosures ................................................................................................................................ 14
13.1. General.......................................................................................................................... 14
13.2. Manual maintenance bypass switch enclosures .......................................................... 15
13.3. Special tools .................................................................................................................. 15

14.

Identification and marking ........................................................................................................ 15


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19 December 2003

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

15.

Inspection and testing............................................................................................................... 16


15.1. General.......................................................................................................................... 16
15.2. Type tests ...................................................................................................................... 17
15.3. Shop tests...................................................................................................................... 17
15.4. Routine tests ................................................................................................................. 17
15.5. Test certificates ............................................................................................................. 17

16.

Documentation.......................................................................................................................... 17

17.

Preparation for shipment .......................................................................................................... 18


17.1. General.......................................................................................................................... 18
17.2. Shipping tags................................................................................................................. 18

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19 December 2003

1.

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

Scope
This GIS document provides guidance on industry standard for the design, materials, fabrication,
inspection, testing, documentation, and preparation for shipment of uninterruptible power supplies

2.

Normative references
The following normative documents contain requirements that, through reference in this text,
constitute requirements of this technical practice. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or
revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this
technical practice are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of
the normative documents indicated below. For undated references, the latest edition of the normative
document referred to applies.

BP Engineering Technical Practices (ETP)


GIS 12-354
GIS 12-356

Guidance on Industry Standard for Station batteries (IEEE)


Guidance on Industry Standard for Battery chargers

International Electrotechnical Committee (IEC)


IEC 60146-1-3

Semiconductor convertors: General requirements and line commutated


convertors Part 1-3: Transformers and reactors
Low voltage fuses Part 1: General requirements
Low voltage fuses Part 2: Supplementary requirements for fuses for use
by authorized persons (Fuses mainly for industrial application)
Graphical symbols for use on equipment Part 1: Overview and
application
Classification of degrees of protection provided by enclosures
Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) All Parts

IEC 60269-1
IEC 60269-2
IEC 60417
IEC 60529
IEC 62040

3.
3.1.

General requirements
Governing standards
UPS systems shall be in compliance with relevant parts of IEC 62040.

3.2.

Ambient conditions
UPS systems will be located indoors and shall be suitable for continuous duty under the ambient
conditions specified in IEC 62040-3 and any more onerous conditions as specified in the
enquiry documents.

3.3.

Reliability, service life, and operation


a.

The manufacturer shall provide information on MTBF (mean time between failure) and
MTTR (mean time to repair) data for the UPS system. The means of deriving this data
shall also be provided.

b.

Components used in UPS systems, excluding batteries, shall have a 20-year life under
specified operating conditions.
Batteries supplied as part of the UPS system may be designed with a much shorter life
expectation than 20 years. Plant and nickel cadmium pocket plate batteries should have a
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19 December 2003

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

20-year life expectation but tubular lead acid and VRLA (valve regulated lead acid) types
could have a 10-year life expectation or less.
c.
3.4.

UPS systems and component parts, with the exception of batteries and ventilation air
filters, shall be designed to operate continuously maintenance free for at least 104 weeks.

Acoustic noise
a.

The maximum sound pressure level at or beyond 1 metre from the UPS system surface
shall not exceed 60 dB(A) or a more onerous condition if specified in the enquiry
documents.

b.

The manufacturer shall provide an octave-band spectrum for the UPS system at 1 m over
the range 31.5 Hz to 8 kHz
Noise measurement requirements can be found in EEMUA Standard 140. ISO 3740-3746
also contains advice on precision methods for determination of sound power levels for
broad-band sources in reverberation rooms.

4.
4.1.

System design
General
a.

4.2.

UPS systems shall consist of the following components:


1.

A.C. to D.C. rectifier/battery charger

2.

Storage battery bank

3.

D.C. to A.C. inverter

4.

Static transfer switch (if required)

5.

Maintenance bypass switch (if required)

6.

Isolation transformer(s) (as required)

7.

Controls and instrumentation

8.

Metering alarms and indicators

b.

Standby circuits shall have a static switching device to transfer a.c. output loads. This
circuit shall be fully rated for both continuous and short circuit duties.

c.

Equipment and components shall be arranged so discrete parts of system can be isolated
and made safe for maintenance to be performed without disrupting service of other
apparatus.

d.

Active components shall be solid state.

e.

Inverter standard design shall use pulse width modulated (PWM) technology.

f.

Semiconductor devices and relays shall be sealed.

g.

Power semiconductors shall operate at:


1.

60% maximum of manufacturers current rating at full load

2.

80% maximum of manufacturers temperature rating at full load

Incoming power supplies


a.

Incoming a.c. main and by-pass supplies will be three-phase or single-phase as specified in
the enquiry documents and, unless otherwise specified will have a solidly earthed neutral.

b.

Equipment shall be suitable for continuous operation at rated load within the following
supply tolerances:
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19 December 2003

4.3.

1.

Voltage

10%

2.

Frequency

5%

c.

Equipment shall be suitable for continuous operation if the THD (total harmonic distortion)
of the supply does not exceed 10%.

d.

Equipment shall be able to withstand, without damage and subsequent malfunction, input
voltage depressions of up to 20% for 10 seconds and transient voltage spikes of up to 2 kV.

Output power supplies


a.

The phase configuration, rated duty, voltage, power factor and frequency of the output
supply shall be as specified in the enquiry documents.

b.

Equipment shall be capable of uninterrupted operation if delivering maximum continuous


RMS rated current with the following harmonic content:

c.

4.4.

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

1.

3rd harmonic

40% of fundamental

2.

5th harmonic

30% of fundamental

3.

7th and higher odd harmonics

7% of fundamental

The THD of the output voltage waveform shall not exceed:


1.

5% at the fundamental frequency if supplying a linear load

2.

10% at the fundamental frequency if supplying the non linear load as specified above

d.

The output load shall not be subject to a rate of change of frequency greater than 0.5 Hz
per second if the inverter is in service unless otherwise specified in the enquiry documents.

e.

Inverters shall have:


1.

Capability of supplying loads up to 125% of rated load for 1 hr, 150% of rated load
for 10 s, and 400% of rated load for 1 second.

2.

Frequency stability of 0.5% no load to full load

3.

Specified output voltage with 5% manual output voltage adjustment.

4.

Specified output voltage controlled within 1% from no load to full load, over full
input and battery voltage ranges, and over load power factor ranges of 0,8 lagging to
unity.

5.

Transient voltage regulation for a 100% load application or removal shall be within
10%, recovering to 2% within one cycle.

f.

Inverters shall maintain output frequency within 1% of specified operating frequency.

g.

Phase displacement shall be 2% over the full battery operating range, no load to full load,
with 0,8 power factor lagging.

h.

Output voltage unbalance shall be as follows:


1.

2% for balanced linear loads

2.

4% at 50% for unbalanced linear loads

3.

5% for 100% unbalanced linear loads

System configuration

The UPS system configuration shall comply with the schematic diagram included in the
enquiry documents.

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19 December 2003

4.5.

5.

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

System operation
a.

It shall be possible to operate the inverter, including during start-up, with either the mains
supply or the battery unavailable. Under normal conditions the mains shall form the source
of supply and changeover to battery supply on mains failure shall occur without break in
the output.

b.

If a mains bypass unit is specified in the enquiry documents, this shall be used as standby
to the inverter supply. Changeover of a.c. output to mains bypass on inverter fault shall be
arranged automatically by means of a static switching device. Manual changeover facilities
shall also be available.

c.

The inverter shall operate in synchronism with the bypass provided that this remains within
the specified frequency tolerance.

d.

Transfer from mains by-pass to inverter shall be manually initiated but shall be inhibited
should the inverter be outside the specified operating tolerances.

e.

If a standby inverter system is specified in the enquiry documents, this shall operate in an
on load parallel redundant mode, normally synchronised and operating in parallel with the
duty system. Sharing of load between the inverter circuits shall be by fully redundant
control systems and in the event of failure only one inverter shall shutdown. Each inverter
shall be connected to the output system by means of a static switching device.

Rectifier/battery chargers
a.

Battery chargers shall comply with GIS 12-356.

b.

Input current THD and power factors shall be as shown in Table 1.


Table 1 - Input current THD and power factors
Design type

Total harmonic distortion


(THD)

Power factor

25%, or less

80%, nominal

12%, or less

95%, or greater

Six pulse phase


controlled
TR full wave Diode
type

c.

After a primary a.c. power outage, rectifiers/chargers shall:


1.

Automatically restart.

2.

Start up gradually assuming the inverter and battery recharge loads.

d.

Battery chargers shall be rated to continuously supply 100% of rated load under the most
severe variation of ac supply input.

e.

Battery charging shall ensure an acceptable rate of water loss from the battery, while
battery capacity is maintained. The charge rate shall provide sufficient battery capacity for
rated duty within a time period specified.

f.

Incoming a.c. power shall be converted to regulated dc output by a rectifier charger.

g.

Rectifier chargers shall be full wave bridge diode type or phase controlled, 6-pulse, solidstate type with constant voltage/constant current control circuitry.

h.

Battery charger output voltage ripple shall not exceed 2% RMS with batteries
disconnected.

i.

Rectifiers/chargers shall have:


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19 December 2003

6.
6.1.

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

1.

Automatic voltage regulating capability, with d.c. bus voltage between no load and
full load maintained to within 1% if A.C. input voltage is within 10% of rated input
voltage and input frequency is within 5% of rated input frequency.

2.

Temperature compensation capability to reduce effects of higher temperatures, excess


hydrogen emissions, and thermal runaway of battery

3.

Automatic protection against reversal of current

4.

Sufficient capacity to support total connected load and recharge the battery at float
condition to 90% of full capacity within a recharge time specified in the enquiry
documents.

5.

Battery recharging capability from discharge to 95% charge within 10 times rated
discharge time of battery plant.

j.

Control circuitry shall automatically boost the equalize voltage after failure of normal ac
power. This feature shall be switch selectable and provisions shall be made to manually
initiate it.

k.

If VRLA batteries are used, a charger shall be provided with automatic charge variation to
compensate for changes in the batterys ambient temperature.

Batteries and battery enclosures


Batteries
Battery types shall be specified in accordance with GIS 12-354.

6.2.

7.

Battery enclosures
a.

Batteries shall be supplied either stand mounted or cubicle mounted and follow the
recommendations specified in section 7 of IEC 62040-1.

b.

Mounting arrangement shall allow easy and unrestricted access for routine maintenance.

c.

If vented flooded cell batteries are used, enclosures shall have adequate ventilation for
exhausting battery off gas.

Inverters
a.

Inverter output shall be inherently current limited to continue operation undamaged with
any fault on load side terminals.

b.

Inverters shall withstand, and automatically recover from, momentary or sustained singlephase or three-phase output power short circuit.

c.

Inverters shall deliver power sufficient for cold start of UPS powered equipment without
transfer to an alternate source.

d.

Inverters shall provide the following protection:


1.

Automatic disconnection from d.c. bus if voltage falls below the minimum inverter
operating dc voltage

2.

Fast acting, current limit type fuses in power modules to protect semiconductors.

e.

Inverter output circuits shall generally be magnetically isolated from input circuits and
have a means of earthing output.

f.

Neutral conductor on the inverter output and the neutral conductor on the mains bypass
circuit output or isolation transformer secondary shall be connected together and earthed in
the UPS enclosure.
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g.

8.

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

Removable link shall be installed in the neutral conductor of the inverter output to allow
isolation of UPS for maintenance.

Static transfer switches


a.

Static transfer switches shall function as follows:


1.

Be high speed, "zero break" transfer devices that are an integral part of UPS systems.

2.

Provide automatic or manually initiated uninterrupted transfer of load to the bypass


source.

3.

Operate with a "no break load transfer". This is defined as no break in continuity of
sinusoidal voltage waveform to load connected to UPS.

b.

Static switch transfer time, including sensing, shall be 1/4 cycle maximum.

c.

UPS output load demands over 125% of UPS full load current rating shall result in
automatic transfer to an alternate source.

d.

Transfer time shall be essentially zero (within 1/4 cycle) to ensure uninterrupted flow of
power to system loads.

e.

Upon cessation of an overload, retransfer to the UPS inverter shall be fully automatic
(output current demand less than 100% of full load rating).

f.

Automatic solid state (static) transfer switches shall transfer UPS loads to an alternate ac
source under the following conditions:

g.

h.

1.

Inverter load capacity is exceeded (steady state load, transient loads, or faulted load
condition).

2.

Battery output capability is exceeded.

3.

UPS fault condition occurs.

4.

Inverter fails or is outside tolerance voltages.

5.

During a manually initiated transfer

Automatic and manual (static) switch transfers to or from an alternate source shall be
inhibited under the following conditions:
1.

Inverter output is out of sync with alternate (bypass) sources.

2.

Quality of transfer source is poor.

3.

Voltage difference between inverter output and alternate source exceeds a preset
10% (adjustable).

4.

UPS major alarm/failure condition exists (inhibiting transfer from an alternate source
to the normal source).

5.

Static switch failed or is unavailable.

6.

Inverter or alternate source is lost as the transfer source.

Static transfer switches shall:


1.

Contain thyristors and associated heat sinks that shall never exceed recommended
ratings, even under worst-case overload and high ambient temperature condition.

2.

Have fast acting silver fuses to provide overload and fault protection from both output
distribution wiring and the static transfer switch itself.

3.

Be naturally commutated.
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GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

4.

i.

9.

Have two double-sided pairs of silicon-controlled rectifiers per phase (pole). Poles
shall be fully rated for the inverters full load and overload as specified on the enquiry
documents.

Static transfer switches shall be rated as follows:


1.

To carry UPS full output and 400% of rated load for 1 second for fault clearing.

2.

Under full load operation, be rated to 50% of their capability to provide long life.

Manual maintenance bypass switches


a.

If specified in the enquiry documents, a manual maintenance bypass switch shall be


connected to the output of UPS system to facilitate maintenance.

b.

The maintenance bypass switch shall isolate the static transfer switch from its bypass
source and connect output directly to that bypass power source.

c.

If isolating the UPS and static switch for safety during maintenance, the maintenance
bypass switch shall allow critical load to be supplied from an alternate power source
without load power interruption.

d.

Manual maintenance bypass switches shall:


1.

Be a manually operated single switch that mechanically performs transfer isolation


functions for UPS system.

2.

Provide make before break transfer of UPS loads to an alternate or maintenance


bypass source without load interruption.

3.

Ensure isolation of UPS system, including the static switch and output transformer,
from power sources and loads.

4.

Have three positions (Normal, Bypass, and Test).

5.

Be lockable in Open position.

6.

Allow transfer between two sources that are in syncronism.

7.

Be equipped with lights that indicate both sources are in syncronism or electrical
interlocks.

8.

Not require assistance of the static switch to ensure a zero-break load transfer.

e.

UPS systems shall have three separate power sources: normal, alternate, and maintenance
bypass.

f.

Manual maintenance bypass switches shall have an alternate source/maintenance bypass


source. Alternate source input to a non-automatic circuit breaker shall be mounted on UPS
front control panel, or door.

g.

Alternate sources for manual maintenance bypass switches shall:


1.

Be a separate single second source to UPS system that is not normal UPS input power
source.

2.

Be both alternate source to UPS static switch and maintenance bypass source with
control by a maintenance bypass switch.

3.

Have a disconnect device.

4.

Have a non-automatic disconnect switch located on the UPS front control panel, or
door (for units specified with an alternate source/maintenance disconnect switch
mounted local to the UPS system).

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GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

10. Isolation transformers


10.1.

General
a.

Transformers shall be continuously rated, dry type with copper windings and shall conform
to IEC 60146-3.

b.

UPS a.c. power input and output supplies including bypass circuits shall be connected to
electrostatically shielded isolation transformers if specified in the enquiry documents.

c.

Full isolation output transformers shall allow independent earthing of load.

d.

Isolation transformers on the input side of the rectifier shall be provided with secondary
surge protection.

11. Metering and alarms and indicators


11.1.

Metering
Front panel metering instrumentation shall include the following 3.5 inch scale analogue or
digital meters (2% accuracy):

11.2.

a.

Inverter output voltmeter

b.

Inverter output ammeter

c.

Bypass source output ac ammeter.

d.

Inverter output frequency meter

e.

D.C. output bus voltmeter

f.

D.C. output bus ammeter

g.

Rectifier input voltage (normal source).

h.

Rectifier input ampere (normal source).

i.

Alternate source voltmeter (downstream of alternate source UPS input disconnect device)

Alarms and indicators


a.

Alarms shall be provided for failures that affect overall integrity of UPS systems.

b.

Alarms shall not be initiated because of transient conditions.

c.

Minimum local alarms shall be as follows:


1.

2.

At each charger
a)

Mains supply failure.

b)

Charger failure.

c)

D.C. voltage low/high

d)

D.C. earth fault, if applicable

e)

Battery isolated

f)

Charger current limiter operating, if applicable.

At each inverter.
a)

A.C. output high/low voltage.

b)

Overload.

c)

Inverter failure.
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GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

d)
3.

Output frequency out of limits.

At each a.c. output supplies static switch:


a)

Mains bypass supply frequency out of limits.

b)

Device bypassed.

c)

Standby in use.

d)

Control circuit fault.

e)

A.C. output supplies lost.

4.

High cabinet temperature.

5.

Ventilation failure.

d.

Alarm initiating devices shall automatically reset, but indicating device shall remain active
until manually reset.

e.

Facilities shall allow alarms to be indicated remotely either individually or, preferably, by
means of a common alarm system.

f.

Remote alarms shall be automatically reset when local alarm indication is manually reset.

12. UPS system isolation and protection


12.1.

Isolation for maintenance


a.

Equipment and components shall be arranged such that discrete parts of the UPS system
can be isolated and made safe for maintenance work to be carried out with the remainder of
the apparatus in service. It shall be possible to isolate any part of the system without loss of
a.c. power output.

b.

The minimum requirement for isolation shall be all poles, including any neutrals, of:

c.
12.2.

1.

Battery with associated charger remaining in service

2.

Charger with associated battery remaining in service

3.

Static switch

4.

Alternate source (bypass)

5.

Any control system supplies

To enable maintenance to be undertaken safely, each of the above shall be segregated and
screened from other equipment that may remain live.

Circuit protection
UPS systems shall have the following circuit breakers or alternatively fuse protected switches:
a.

A.C. input disconnecting switch - front access MCB (moulded case breaker) or fuse
protected switch for charger/rectifier disconnection and overload protection.

b.

Bypass disconnecting switch - front access MCB or fuse protected switch for bypass
disconnection and overload protection.

c.

Battery input d.c. disconnecting switch, front access MCB, or fuse protected switch for d.c.
input disconnection of both input lines and overload protection.

d.

UPS system non-automatic output disconnecting switch

e.

Battery connection to d.c. bus through non-automatic disconnecting switch

f.

UPS alternate source non-automatic input disconnecting switch


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19 December 2003

12.3.

12.4.

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

Fuse protection
a.

Fuses rated 600 V and less shall be supplied with disconnect blocks.

b.

Fuse holder section of block shall have a removable pullout handle that eliminates
possibility of shock while changing the fuse.

c.

Fuses shall comply with relevant parts of IEC 60269-1 and 2.

d.

Fuse holders shall be black.

e.

Link holders shall be white.

f.

Unearthed poles of supplies shall be fused.

g.

Earthed poles shall be connected by a link holder

Reversed polarity protection


a.

Chargers shall have reverse polarity protection on output to the battery.

b.

Inverters shall be protected against the connection of reversed d.c. supplies.

13. Enclosures
13.1.

General
a.

Enclosures shall be in accordance with section 7 of IEC 62040-1.

b.

Enclosures shall be designed to prevent entrance of rodents, reptiles, birds, and insects.

c.

UPS equipment, except batteries, shall be housed in freestanding, dead front, ventilated,
steel enclosures with welded steel framework rated IP 30 in accordance with IEC 60529.

d.

Doors shall be hinged and bonded to enclosure with green/yellow insulated bonding
conductor.

e.

Enclosures shall be cleaned, primed, and finished to the manufacturers standard paint and
colour.

f.

UPS enclosures shall have:


1.

Adequate space for conduit and/or cable terminations.

2.

Either top or bottom entry.

3.

Front access only for operation and maintenance, suitable for side-by-side installation.

4.

Removable lifting means.

g.

Forklift handling or top lifting devices shall not cause distortion of enclosure.

h.

UPS shall have a suitably rated copper neutral bus bar.

i.

UPS and maintenance bypass switch (MBS) enclosures shall have a 70 mm2 minimum
cross section copper earth bus bar the width of the unit.

j.

Earth bars shall be as follows:


1.

Marked green/yellow

2.

Extend the length of the suite of UPS enclosures

3.

Have joints between each transport section

4.

M12 brass terminal at each end with compression lug suitable for a 70 mm2 external
bonding conductor

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19 December 2003

k.

13.1.2.

13.1.3.

13.2.

The following non-current carrying metallic parts of UPS shall be bonded to the earth bus
bar:
1.

Metalwork

2.

Cable gland plates

3.

Component or subassembly chassis

Component accessibility
a.

Power switching modules shall be serviceable and removable from front of UPS.

b.

Switching module weight shall allow removal by one person without aid of lifting devices.

c.

UPS shall permit ready access to power switching, control modules, and printed circuit
boards.

d.

Placement of components, test points, and terminals shall be accessible without


disassembly of other components for circuit checking, adjustment, troubleshooting, and
maintenance from front of UPS. Removal of adjacent modules or assemblies shall not be
required.

Ventilation
a.

Natural convection cooling shall be used.

b.

Forced air-cooling shall be by redundant blowers.

c.

Blowers and motors shall have permanently sealed lubricated bearings.

d.

Blower unit failures shall be alarmed.

e.

Air inlets for forced air-cooled UPS systems shall have multi-pleated 40% efficiency filters
that are replaceable from outside unit.

f.

Air inlet and exhaust openings shall have expanded metal guards for protection.

Manual maintenance bypass switch enclosures


a.

A separate enclosure if specified in the enquiry documents, shall house manual


maintenance bypass switches (MBS).

b.

Enclosure shall:

c.
13.3.

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

1.

Have indicator lights for source synchronization.

2.

Isolate UPS from bypass source to prevent load voltage from entering.

Bypass devices shall be lockable in any position and shall operate without interruption of
supply to the distribution bus bars.

Special tools
a.

Special tools required for maintenance shall be supplied.

b.

Containers suitable for wall mounting shall be included, with labels to clearly indicate the
purpose for which each tool is required.

14. Identification and marking


a.

Components and devices shall be identified in accordance with IEC 62040-1-1 and
IEC 62040-1-2.

b.

The following information shall be given on a main nameplate, preferably stainless steel:
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Page 15 of 18

19 December 2003

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

1.

Manufacturers name

2.

Order Number

3.

Date of manufacture

4.

Clients name

5.

System voltage, phases, wires, frequency, and rating

6.

Fault rating

7.

Third party certification data

8.

Item Number

9.

Cooling Method

10. Max permitted output circuit fuse rating (if appropriate)


c.

Warning and caution labels shall have black lettering on a yellow background in
accordance with IEC 60417.

d.

Information nameplates should have black letters on a white background. The nameplates
should be engraved, embossed or otherwise formed so as to be permanent.

e.

Nameplates should be fastened to equipment by two stainless steel screws.

f.

A laminated wiring diagram of UPS system shall be included on inside of UPS door.

g.

Devices mounted on doors shall have front and rear door mounted nameplates.

h.

Rear doors of UPS systems shall have nameplates that indicate the equipment served.

i.

If there is more than one ac power source to a compartment, warning and caution labels
shall be installed, if necessary, to warn or indicate safety precautions.

j.

At least 2 voltage shock safety labels shall be mounted on UPS cabinets, one on outside
and one on inside.

k.

Wire marker designations shall correspond to UPS schematic and wiring diagrams.

15. Inspection and testing


15.1.

General
a.

Testing shall be performed in accordance with sections 6 and 7 of IEC 62040-3.

b.

The purchaser shall retain the following rights:

c.

1.

To inspect equipment, materials, and fabrication at any time during assembly.

2.

To witness tests performed by the manufacturer.

Electrical equipment shall be assembled, wired, and tested at the factory with interconnect
wiring terminated. Factory tests shall include
1.

Complete functional test of all components.

2.

Verification of circuit breaker trip settings.

d.

Equipment dimensions, construction materials, connections, ratings, and painting shall be


verified to be in accordance with approved contractor drawings and this GIS.

e.

Mechanical and electrical tests shall be performed for UPS systems to verify satisfactory
operation.

f.

Type and routine testing of components and the complete apparatus shall be in accordance
with IEC 62040-3.
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19 December 2003

15.2.

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

Type tests
Type tests shall be applied to at least 1 complete apparatus of each type or design. Certification
of type test results shall be provided in advance of placing the order.

15.3.

Shop tests
Instrument power supply systems, including inverters, ac or dc voltage stabilizers, transfer
switches, and alternate source devices shall be shop tested as follows:

15.4.

a.

Full load heat run for 48 hours with determination of efficiency and losses. Efficiencies
shall be measured and recorded at 50%, 75%, and 100% of full load rating of UPS system.
This test data shall meet the quoted guarantee for acceptance.

b.

Transient voltage response with step load changes up to 100% load.

c.

Measurement of total transfer time, including failure detection period.

d.

Check and record voltage and current wave shapes at no load and loadings, in accordance
with this clause.

e.

Simulation of mains, inverter, and battery failure that would cause transfer of load from
inverter output to bypass supply and return transfer tests.

f.

Functional check of alarm relays and indicating lights.

g.

Manual return to inverter output from bypass supply.

h.

Frequency out of limits test and synchronization test.

i.

Static switch transfers and permissives verification.

j.

Overload test, to verify various loading requirements of this GIS and quoted short time
overload capabilities until the unit current limits. Static switch transfer at current limit
values shall also be verified. The test current limit and time values shall be stated in the
quotation as guaranteed values to be verified during test.

k.

Total harmonics distortion (THD) input current test, under rated linear load conditions.
Input source voltage shall be set to the nominal value and THD shall be in compliance with
the quoted guaranteed values.

Routine tests
Routine soak tests shall be applied on each complete apparatus, under full design load for
100 hours involving:

15.5.

a.

Inverter and static switches.

b.

Rectifier/charger units.

Test certificates
a.

The manufacturer shall provide certificates for all tests performed, whether or not
witnessed by the purchaser or their representative.

b.

Test result values shall be stated on certificates.

c.

For tests witnessed by the purchaser or their representative, certificates shall be available
for signature by the purchaser or their representative on the day of tests.

16. Documentation
The following information shall be submitted to the purchaser for approval after receipt of
order:
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19 December 2003

a.

GIS 12-351
Guidance on Industry Standard for Uninterruptible Power Systems, UPS (IEC)

Complete certified drawings shall show:


1.

Panel and internal arrangement (location of equipment and controls).

2.

Dimensional plan and elevation, front view, and other elevations, if pertinent.
Conduit entrance location and dimensions for both top and bottom entrance.

b.

4.

Incoming and outgoing cable connection locations.

5.

Grounding and neutral connections.

6.

Weight of equipment.

7.

Vendor model numbers, trip units, withstand ratings, and interrupting ratings of
moulded case breakers provided.

Detail connection (wiring) diagrams shall show:


1.

All wiring within unit down to board level.

2.

All interconnecting wiring between units.

3.

Identification of terminals and terminal blocks.

4.

Clear identification, by some distinguishing method, of wiring that is to be installed


by the purchaser or their contractor.

5.

Detailed schematic diagrams for unit ordered.

17. Preparation for shipment


17.1.

17.2.

General
a.

UPS systems shall have lifting facilities for easy loading, unloading, and handling by a
crane or forklift. Shipping splits shall also be suitable for positioning via pipe rollers.

b.

Instruments, relays, and meters shall be prepared for shipment in accordance with
manufacturers recommendations. Device fronts and UPS front shall be protected from
damage.

c.

Blocking, binding, and desiccant shall be clearly marked to ensure removal.

d.

Special cautions that must be observed in removal of shipping restraints shall be clearly
marked on shipping container and/or crate.

e.

All parts shipped separately shall be clearly tagged to indicate their association with other
tagged item(s).

f.

Complete installation instructions for parts shipped separately from the main assembly
shall accompany the main assembly shipment.

Shipping tags
a.

A shipping tag shall be attached to each piece of equipment. This tag shall show purchase
order number and equipment item number.

b.

If an enclosed container is required for shipping, this container shall show equipment tag
information.

c.

Items/parts ancillary to equipment shall be tagged with equipment item number.

d.

Tags shall be attached with stainless steel wire or stainless steel screws.

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