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Q.1: (i) Nitrogen (N) does not from pentahalide while P froms PCl5, PF5, and PF6 . Why?

(ii) Sulphur (S) forms SF6 but oxygen does not form OF6. Why?
(iii) Though nitrogen forms pentoxide but it does not form pentachloride. Explain. Why?
iv) Fluorine forms only one oxoacid while other halogens form a number of oxoacids. Why?
(v) Nitrogen forms N2 but phosphorus forms P4 at room temperature. Why?
(vi) Oxygen forms O2 but sulphur exists as S8. Why?
(vii) Explain why (CH3)3 P = O is known but (CH3)3 N = O is not known.
(viii) NaBiO3 is a strong oxidising agent. Why? (Hint : Bi(v) is least stable O.S.).
(ix) In group 16 stability of + 6 oxidiation state decreases and the stability of + 4 oxidation
increases down the group. Why?
(x) SO2 acts as reducing as well as oxidizing . Explain why?
(xi) Why is BrO4 a stronger oxidising agent than ClO4 ?
[Hint : It is because + 7 oxidation state in less stable in BrO4 due to which Br O bond
becomes weaker.]
xii) Iodine forms I3- but F2 does not form F3- ions .why?
xiii) The majority of known noble gas compounds are those of Xenon. Why?
xiv) Nitric oxide becomes brown when released in air.
xv) PCl5 is ionic in nature in the solid state.
xvi) Which of the two is more covalent SbCl3 or SbCl5?
xvii) Addition of Cl2 to Kl solution gives if brown colour but excess at if turns it
colourless. Explain.
xviii).Despite lower electron affinity of F2, is stronger oxidising agent than Cl2.
xix):NO2 is coloured and readily dimerises. Why ?
xx) Bleaching by SO2 is temporary while that of Cl 2 is permanent. Why ?
Q2:Arrange the following in the increasing order of the property mentioned.
(i)HOCl, HClO2, HClO3, HClO4 (Acidic strength)
(ii)As2O3, ClO2, GeO3, Ga2O3 (Acidity)
(iii)NH3, PH3, AsH3, SbH3 (HEH bond angle)
(iv)HF, HCl, HBr, HI (Acidic strength & reducing strength)
v) NO2 , NO2 + , NO2
( bond angle)
Q.3:. Complete and balance:
i) F2 + H2O Cold-------------------
ii) BrO3 - + F2 + OH-----------------------------------------
iii) Li + N2 (cold) ---------------------------iv) NH3 + NaOCl -----------------------
iv) (NH4)2 Cr2O7
(v) N4H Cl (aq) + NaNO2 (aq)
vi) NH2CONH2 + H2O -----------------------------
(vii) FeCl3 (aq) + NH4OH
(viii) Ca3 P2 + H2 O (l) -----------------------
(ix) XeF6 + H2O Complete hydrolysis -----------
(x) XeF6 + H2O Partial hydrolysis-----------------
(xi) Cl2 + NaOH (cold and dil)

(xii) Cl2 + NaOH (hot & conc)

(xiii) PH4I + KOH
(xiv) HgCl2 + PH3
(xv) Ba(N3)2
(xvi) 4H3PO3
( xvii) U + ClF3
Q.4:How is ozone estimated quantitatively?
When ozone reacts with an excess of potassium iodide solution Buffered with a borate buffer
(Ph9.2), Iodide is liberated which can be titrated against a standard solution of sodium
thiosulphate . This is a quantitative method for estimating O3 gas.
Q.5: Name two poisonous gases which can be prepared from chlorine gas ?
Phosgene (COCl2) , tear gas (CCl3NO2)
Q.6: Hypophosphorus acid is a good reducing agent. Justify with an
[Hint : 4AgNO3 + H3PO2 + 2H2O 4Ag + HNO3 + H3PO4 .
Q.7: Draw the structures of BrF3 , XeOF4 , XeO3 using VSEPR theory
Q.8:If With cold and dilute alkalis, Cl2 produces a mixture of chloride and hypochlorite but
with hot and concentrated alkalis it gives chloride and chlorate, then complete the following
2NaOH+Cl2 -----------------
6NaOH+3Cl2 --------------------
Q.8: X2 is a greenish yellow gas with pungent offensive smell used in
purification of water. It partially dissolves in H2O to give a solution which
turns blue litmus red. When X2 is passed through NaBr Solution, Br2 is
(a) Identify X2 , name the group to which it belongs.
(b) What are the products obtained when X2 reacts with H2O? Write
chemical equation.
(c) What happens when X2 reacts with hot and conc. NaOH? Give equation.
Q.9: A transluscent while waxy solid (A) on heating in an inert atmosphere is converted
to its allotropic form (B), Allotrope (A) on reaction with very dilute aqueous NaOH
liberates a highly poisonous gas (C) having a rottenfish smell, with excess of chlorine
forms D which hydrolyses to form compound (E). Identify the compounds (A) to (E).
A : White phosphorus, B : Red phosphorus, C : PH3, D : PCl3, E : H3PO4
Q.10: (i) How is HNO3 prepared commercially? Write chemical equations of the
reactions involved.