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Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.

3-06
Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code
Project :Building :Element:Location:-

Project
Building

Designed by:Checked by:Date:-

Element
Location

General Input :-

L= 9.30 m

Direction of
Seismic Force

tr= 0.20 m

tw= 0.30 m

B= 9.30 m
Rectangular Tank Plan
c= 24.0 KN/m3
fc= 35.0 N/mm2
g= 9.81 m/sec2

Rectangular Ta

Ec= 27805.6 N/mm2

ACI318-08, Clause 8.5.1

Importance factor I
Rc

= 1.00

ACI 350.3-06, Table 4.1.1(a)

= 1.00

ACI 350.3-06, Table 4.1.1(b)

Ri

= 2.00
2B
0.2
Very Dense
SC
1
1
0.240
0.320

ACI 350.3-06, Table 4.1.1(b)

SEISMIC ZONE
Z factor
Soil Profile
Soil Profile Type
Na For Zone 4 only
Nv For Zone 4 only
Ca
Cv
Ts =0.40Cv/Ca

0.533 sec

HL= 2
L= 10.0 K

UBC 97, TABLE 16-I


UBC
UBC
UBC
UBC

97,
97,
97,
97,

TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE

16-J
16-S
16-T
16-Q

UBC 97, TABLE 16-R


UBC 97, FIGURE 16-3

1-Calculation the Equivalent Weight for impulsive W i & convective Wc component:


WL = 1902.8 KN

, L / HL = 4.23
###

,Ww

= 519.1 KN

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-1

= 0.71 WL

= 1345.6 KN

2-Calculation the Height of center of gravity for impulsive h i & convective hc component

Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular


RC21
Tank
Page 1 of

M.A.S ______

Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.3-06


Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code
Project :Building :Element:Location:-

Project
Building

Designed by:Checked by:Date:-

Element
Location

= 0.825 m

= 1.149 m

3-Calculation the fundamental period of oscillation of the tank for impulsive T i & convec
= 1777.1 KN
= 1.22 m
= 0.26 sec

= 1.48 m

,
,

,
= 102802.2 KN/m

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-11


= 4.43

_ = /_ =(_/
(_

__ ) , _=
( /_
_
) ^_/

Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular


RC21
Tank
Page 2 of

M.A.S ______

Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.3-06


Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code
Project :Building :Element:Location:-

Project
Building

Designed by:Checked by:=(_/


(_

Date:-

_ = /_
__ ) , _=
Location
( /_
_
) ^_/
4-Calculation the total lateral impulsive force P & convective force P
Element

= 0.600 ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-1,2,3

= 0.077 ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-4,5

= 122.3 KN

= 132.7 KN

= 155.7 KN

= 103.7 KN

5-Calculation the total Base Shaer V:


= 423.7 KN
6-Dynamic force distribution above base per Wall perpendicular to ground motion:
Pi Top

= 1.0 KN/m2

Pi Bottom

= 6.7 KN/m2

Pc Top

= 2.9 KN/m2

Pc Bottom

= 2.2 KN/m2

ACI 350.3-06,

= 2.2 KN/m2
= 2.2 KN/m2
= 1.0 KN/m2

= 6.7 KN/m2
Wall Inertia Force Pw

Impulsive Force Pi

ConvectiveForce Pc

Dynamic force distribution above base per Wall perpendicula


7- Load Cominations:
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular
RC21
Tank
Page 3 of

M.A.S ______

Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.3-06


Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code

Project
Project :Designed by:Building
Building :Checked by:Element
Element:Date:Location
Location:Note that, the Calculated Seismic Force E above is based on Strength-level Forces (u

For allowable stresses Design (ASD) Method (service loads), the design seismic forces s
ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Clause B.5

For Ultimate Strength Design method (factored loads), follow ACI 350-06, Clause 9.2.1 lo

Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular


RC21
Tank
Page 4 of

M.A.S ______

nk, According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method


Rev1.1

M. Abu Shady
M. Abu Shady
05-Nov-16
M.A.S.

tr= 0.20 m

HL= 2.20 m
L= 10.0 KN/m3

Hw= 2.95 m

Rectangular Tank Elevation

ACI318-08, Clause 8.5.1

vective Wc component:

,Wr = 442.4 KN

= 815.6 KN
ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-1

,Ww perp = 407.8 KN

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-2

& convective hc components:

Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular


RC21
Tank
Page 5 of

M.A.S ______

nk, According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method


Rev1.1

M. Abu Shady
M. Abu Shady
05-Nov-16
M.A.S.

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-3 & Eq 9-4

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-5

ank for impulsive T i & convective Tc components:


= 3.05 m
= 102802.2 KN/m

= 4.32 sec

ACI 350.3-06, R9.2.4

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-13,14

= 289.7 KN/m

Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular


RC21
Tank
Page 6 of

M.A.S ______

nk, According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method


Rev1.1

M. Abu Shady
M. Abu Shady
05-Nov-16
M.A.S.

06, Appendix B, Eq B-1,2,3

06, Appendix B, Eq B-4,5

ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-6,7


ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-8,9

ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B & Eq 4-5

cular to ground motion:

ACI 350.3-06, R5.3.1

= 2.9 KN/m2

= 2.2 KN/m2
= 6.0 KN/m2

= 2.2 KN/m2

= 11.0 KN/m2

ConvectiveForce Pc

Total Seismic Force E per Wall


perpendicular to ground motion

e base per Wall perpendicular to ground motion

Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular


RC21
Tank
Page 7 of

M.A.S ______

nk, According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method


Rev1.1

M. Abu Shady
M. Abu Shady
05-Nov-16
M.A.S.

d on Strength-level Forces (ultimate loads).

ds), the design seismic forces shall be reduced by a factor of 1.4

ollow ACI 350-06, Clause 9.2.1 load combinations.

Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular


RC21
Tank
Page 8 of

M.A.S ______

UBC 97 Tables
TABLE 16-ISEISMIC ZONE FACTOR Z
Zone
Z
1
0.075
2A
0.15
2B
0.2
3
0.3
4
0.4
Ct Values
0.0853 (0.035 in ft)for steel moment-resisting frames
0.0731 (0.030 in ft and eccentrically braced frames
0.0488 (0.020 in ft)for all other buildings
TABLE 16-JSOIL PROFILE TYPES
Soil Profile
Descriptio
Soil Profile
n
Type
Hard Rock
Rock
Very
Dense
Stiff Soil
Soft Soil
Weak Soil

SA
SB
SC
SD
SE
SF

TABLE 16-QSEISMIC COEFFICIENT Ca


Z Seismic Zone Factor
SOIL PROFILE TYPE
0.075
0.15
0.2
0.3
SA
0.06
0.12
0.16
0.24
SB
0.08
0.15
0.2
0.3
SC
0.09
0.18
0.24
0.33
SD
0.12
0.22
0.28
0.36
SE
0.19
0.3
0.34
0.36
SF
0
0
0
0

0.4
0.32
0.4
0.4
0.44
0.36
0

TABLE 16-RSEISMIC COEFFICIENT Cv


Z Seismic Zone Factor
SOIL PROFILE TYPE
0.075
0.15
0.2
0.3
SA
0.06
0.12
0.16
0.24

0.4
0.32

SB

0.08

0.15

0.2

0.3

0.4

SC

0.13

0.25

0.32

0.45

0.56

SD

0.18

0.32

0.4

0.54

0.64

SE

0.26

0.5

0.64

0.84

0.96

SF

use External calculated for K


use ACI 350.3-06, R9.2.4 expression for K

Rev0
Rev1.0

4-Nov-14
1- adding calculation for Kc, which can be used for dynamic analysis in Cell H46
2- Correction of Ww Calculation in cell G35 according "Mr. Siwalak Khamnurak" Note, m

Rev1.1

9-Nov-14
1- Calculation of Ww perp in cell I36 which will be used in calculating Pw in cell G35 inste

according Javeed A. Munshi example 1, page 37 "see references sheet, item 2 for book
many Thanks for "Mr. Ahmed Daif" notification, which is the purpose of this modificati

Cell H46
hamnurak" Note, missing multiplying by the wall thk tw
Pw in cell G35 instead of total Ww

eet, item 2 for book details"


se of this modification.

References
1-ACI 350.3_06 Seismic Design of Liquid-Containing Concrete Structures and Commentary
2-Design of liquid containing concrete structures for earthquake forcesby Javeed A. Munshi-2002-0
3- Tank Wall Stiffness Calculation K :
a- using ACI 350.3-06, R9.2.4 which developed For fixed-base, free-top cantilever walls, such as i
- on my opinion- the same expression can be used for fixed wall in tank base and hi
b- using analysis model with assuming Lateral Force F= 10 KN (e.g) at C.G of tank to obtain a defl
for more information see Guidelines for Seismic Design of Liquid Storage Tanks, Examp

SP-2002 IBC2000 ACI 350.3R-01

http://www.iitk.ac.in/nicee/IITK-GSDMA/EQ08.pdf
for more useful pdf (IITK-GSDMA Project on Review of Seismic Codes, & Preparation of Commentary
http://www.nicee.org/IITK-GSDMA_Codes.php

Preparation of Commentary and Handbooks)