Anda di halaman 1dari 12

VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

M.E. STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
ST7201 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS
QUESTION BANK
YEAR/SEM: I/II

UNIT 1 INTRODUCTION
PART A
1. What is the basic concept of finite element analysis?

BT 2

2. Explain discretization?

BT 6

3. What is the requirement of displacement field to be satisfied in

the use of RayleighRitz method?

BT 3

BT 5

BT 4

BT 5

BT 2

BT 4

BT4

BT 1

BT 2

BT 3

BT 1

BT 1

BT 2

16. What is Ritz technique?

BT 1

17. Illustrate the potential energy for beam of span L simply supported
at ends subjected to a concentrated P at mid-span. Assume EI constant. BT3
18. What are the advantages of FEA?

BT6

BT 1

BT 1

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG

PART B

1. Solve the following equations by Gauss elimination method?

a) 28r1+6r2 =1
b) 6r1+ 24r2+6r3=0
c) 6r2+28r3+8r4= -1
d) 8r3+16r4 = 10

BT3

2. A simply supported beam is subjected to uniformly distributed load over

entire span. Find the bending moment and deflection at the mid span using
Rayleigh Ritz method and compare with exact solution. Use a two term
trial function y=a1sin(x/l)+a2sin(3x/l).

BT1

3. Discuss Rayleigh Ritz and Galerkin methods of formation by taking an

Example.

BT2

4. Show from first principle that the stiffness matrix of a general finite
element can be evaluated in the form of K= BTCBdr
V

BT1

5. Find stiffness matrix for a one dimensional bar subjected to both

distributed load and point loads. (Note: Differential equation should be
formed and then apply basic Galerkin method on differential equation
to form element stiffness matrix.)

BT1

6. Solve the following differential equation using Ritz method.

d2 y/dx2 = -sin (x) boundary conditions u(0) = 0 and u(1) = 0.

BT3

7. i) Taking a differential equation , explain the process of weak formulation.

ii) Explain any two methods of weighted residuals with examples.

BT2

8. i)Derive the element stiffness matrix and element force matrices for a one
dimensional line element.
ii) A simply supported beam of span L, youngs modulus, moment of
inertia I is subjected to a uniformly distributed load of P/unit length.
Determine the deflection W at the mid-span. Use Rayleigh Ritz method.

BT6

9. For the bar shown in fig, evaluate the nodal displacement, stress in each
Material and reaction forces.

BT5

A1= 2400 mm2, A2= 600mm2, P= 200kN, E1= 70GPa, E2= 200GPa

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG

10. Analyse the frame shown in the Fig. EI = Constant

BT4

PART C
1. List and briefly describe the general steps of finite element method.

BT1

BT2

BT3

subjected to a compressive load of 20Kn.if the modulus of elasticity for

the alloy is 100GPa, find the decrease in length of the bar. Also determine
the stress developed and the decrease in length at 0.25m,0.5m and 0.75m.
Solve by collocation method.
4. a)Describe the historical background of FEM
BT6
b)Explain the relevance of FEA for solving design problems with the aid of
examples

PART A
1.

BT2

2.

BT1

3.

BT1

4.

What are the advantages of expressing displacement field in Natural

co-ordinates than generalized co-ordinates?

5.

BT6

Specify stress and strain tensors for plane stress case. Give suitable
examples for plane stress problems.

BT3

6.

BT3

7.

BT1

8.

BT2

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG

9.

Explain plane strain problem with an example.

BT2

10. Show any two examples where the weak formulations are adopted.

BT3

BT6

BT1

13. What are the types of non-linearity in structural analysis?

BT4

14. Write down the shape functions for four noded rectangular elements?

BT4

15. What are incompatible displacement models?

BT5

16. Write the natural co-ordinates for the point P of the triangular element.
The point P is the C.G of the triangle.

BT1

BT4

18. Discuss the steps involved in finite element modeling.

BT2

19. Write the shape function for constant strain triangle by using
polynomial function?

BT1

20. What are the conditions for a problem to be axisymmetric?

BT5

PART B
1.

Derive shape functions and stiffness matrix for a 2D rectangular element. BT3

2.

Evaluate the nodal load vector due to self-weight of a four noded

rectangular element with two degrees of freedom (translations) at each
node. Use Gauss quadrature method of numerical integration.

BT5

Find the shape functions N1, N2,N3 at the interior point P(3.85,4.8)
for the triangular element shown in fig .

BT1

BT4

5. The nodal coordinates of a quadrilateral element as given as (0,7), (9,4),

(7,9) and (2,8). Find the integral (x2 +y2 -3xy) dA over the area of the
element of second order Gaussian quadrature.

BT1

3.

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG

BT2

7. Integrate the following function using Gaussian integration. Proper

Gauss points should be specified. The x limit is varying from 0 to 2
and y limit is varying from 1 to 3 (xy) dxdy.

BT5

8. i)Derive the weights and Gauss points of Gauss one point formula and
two point formula.
ii) Derive the shape functions of a four noded quadrilateral element.

BT2

11
9. i) Evaluate (x2 +xy2)dx dy by Gauss numerical integration.
-1 -1
ii) Derive the element strain displacement matrix of a triangle element.

BT6
BT3

10. Triangular elements are used for the stress analysis of a plate subjected to
in plane loads. The components of displacements parallel to (x, y) axis at
the modes 1, 2, 3 are found to be (-0.001, 0.01), (-0.002, 0.01) and
(-0.002, 0.02) cm respectively. If the (x, y) coordinates of the nodes
shown in Fig are in cm, find the components of displacement of the
point (30, 25) cm.
BT1

PART C
1. A cantilever beam of length 3.4m has an elastic spring support of
stiffness 230kN/m at its free end where a point load of 13kN acts. Take
youngs modulus as 200GPa and area. Moment of inertia of the
cross-section as 1x10-4 m4. Evaluate the displacement and slope at the
node and reactions.

BT5

2. A two noded truss element is shown in fig. The nodal displacements

are u1=5mm u2=8mm.Solve the displacement at x=l/4,l/3 and l/2.

BT3

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG

3. A concentrated load P=50KN is applied at the centre of a fixed beam of

length 3m, depth 200mm and width 120mm.Calculate the deflection and
slope at the mid point. Assume E=2x105 N/mm2

. 4.

beam element.

BT4

BT2

UNIT 3 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF TWO DIMENSIONAL PROBLEMS

PART A
1. State the conditions to be satisfied in order to use axisymmetric elements? BT5
2. Explain the Jacobian transformation.

BT1

BT1

order elements.

BT2

BT1

BT4

BT4

BT2

9. Define a plane stress problem with a suitable example.

BT4

10. What are the methods used for numerical integration in finite element
method?

BT6

BT5

BT6

BT1

BT2

BT1

16. In an element the geometry is defined using 4 nodes and the

displacement is defined using 8 nodes. What is this element called?
17. When Hermite interpolations functions are used?

BT3
BT3

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG

approach?

BT3

BT2

20. Write down the displacement equation for an axisymmetric element?

BT1

PART B
1. Determine the stiffness for the axisymmetric element shown in fig.
Take E as 2.1 x 105 N/mm2 and Poissons ratio as 0.3.

BT3

BT6

3. Derive the displacement interpolation matrix, strain displacement

interpolation matrix B, and Jacobian operator J for the three node truss
element shown in Fig . Also sketch the interpolation functions.

BT3

4. Derive shape functions and stiffness matrix for a 2D rectangular element. BT1
5. Derive the shape functions for element shown in fig. Shape functions
should be specified in natural coordinate system..

BT4

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG

6. Derive the shape functions for ID cubic element. Shape functions should
specified in both natural and global coordinate systems.
BT4
7. i) Obtain the shape functions of a nine noded quadrilateral element.
ii) Describe auto and adaptive mesh generation techniques.

BT2

8. For the four noded quadrilateral element shown in fig determine the
Jacobian and evaluate its value at the point (1/2, )

BT2

9. Determine the shape functions of six noded triangular elements.

BT5

10. Evaluate the Jacobian matrix at the local coordinates == 0.5 for the linear
quadrilateral element with its global coordinates as shown in fig. Also
evaluate the strain-displacement matrix
BT1

PART C
1. Derive constitutive matrix for axisymmetric analysis.

BT3

2. Explain with an example of each of the following

a. Sub parametric element
b. Iso parametric element
c. Super parametric element

BT6

BT4

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG

4. What are the nonzero strain and stress components of axisymmetric

element? Explain.

BT2

PART A
1.

BT1

2.

BT1

3.

List the sources of errors in finite element analysis.

BT1

4.

List the methods used for evaluation of Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

BT1

5.

BT3

6.

BT4

7.

BT2

8.

BT2

9.

BT1

10.

BT6

11.

BT3

12.

BT2

13.

BT2

14.

BT6

15.

BT5

16.

What are the types of non-linearity?

BT1

17.

Form the consistent and lumped mass matrix for a truss element.
Length = 3m, Area = 20 x 10-4 m2 and mass density = 2.5x104 kgm-3

18.

BT5

When the equilibrium equations are established with respect to

the deformed shape, then the system is analyzed
as ---------- nonlinear one.

BT4

19.

BT4

20.

How the discretization error is evaluated?

BT3

PART B
1. Explain the automatic mesh generation technique.

BT2

2. State the need for mesh refinement. Discuss the methods of mesh

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG

refinement.

BT1

method.

BT2

BT3

BT6

BT2

7. Explain how the consistent mass matrix for a pinpointed bar

element is obtained.

BT6

8. What is adoptive meshing? Explain any one algorithm for auto meshing.

BT3

BT6

BT3

PART C

BT2

BT5

in Finite Element Analysis.

3. Discuss discretization errors with example

BT2

BT5

UNIT 5 SOFTWARE APPLICATION

PART A
1. List out the two advantages of post processing.

BT1

BT5

shape functions.

BT1

BT2

BT1

BT1

BT1

BT1

BT2

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG

BT4

heat transfer?

BT5

BT2

BT3

14. How thermal loads are input in finite element analysis?

BT4

15. In buckling analysis the Eigen value and Eigen vectors are calculated.
Actually what do they represent?

BT6

BT2

BT3

BT4

BT6

20. Write discretization errors.

BT3

PART B
1. Explain the generation of node numbers in FE analysis using soft wares.

BT2

BT1

3. Discuss the modeling procedure using soft wares by taking an example

of a plate bending problems.
4. Write short notes on:
i)

BT2
BT1

One dimensional heat transfer problems in finite

element analysis.

ii)

5. Plate with small centre hole (3mm diameter) is subjected to 50 N

tensile load( refer fig). Thickness of the plate is 6mm and width of
the plate is 28mm. Take E= 210 GPa and Poisson ratio = 0.3. How
will you solve this problem using finite element software (ANSYS)?
Determine steps should be provided.

BT3

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG

6. How will you solve this problem (refer fig) using finite element
software? Detailed steps should be clearly specified.

BT4

7. Write the step by step procedure of solving a structural problem by

using any finite element software.

BT6

8. Explain preprocessing and element types to be chosen in

finite element analysis

BT6

interaction.

BT5

10. What is bottom up and top down approach in FEA.

BT1

PART C
1. Write the detailed requirements of pre and post processing.

BT1

BT2

3. Explain in detail about preprocessing, solution phase and post

processing with respect to an engineering structure

BT5

4. Create a finite element model and analysis procedure for a design

of retaining wall.

BT6

PREPARED BY
A.KAVITHA AP/SG