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Nov 09, 2016

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Work Energy and Power

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Work Energy and Power

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F = xy 2 i x 2 y j

21.

Given

newton. Find the work done by

when a particle is taken

along the semicircular path OAB where O is origin and the coordinates of B are (4, 0).

65

75

J

J

3

2

(A)

(B)

73

J

4

(C)

(D) 0 J

22.

A constant force of 20 newton is applied at one end. The tension in the mid point of the

chain is

(A) 20 N

(B) 15 N

(C) 10 N

(D) 5 N

23.

24.

25.

91

agent

particle of mass m from A to B as shown in figure, is

(A) 4 mgR

(B) mgR

(C) 3mgR

(D) 2mgR

An external agent moves the block m on slowly from A to B,

along a smooth hill such that every time he applies the force

tangentially. Find the work done by the agent in this interval.

m 2g 2 H 2

mgH 2

L

L

(A)

(B)

(C) mg (H + L)

(D) mgH

An agent applies force of constant magnitude F0 always in the

tangential direction as shown in the figure. Find the speed of the

bob when string becomes horizontal, assuming that it is at rest

at its lowest point.

l

F0 2mg

lg

m

(A)

(B)

l

l

F0 4mg

F0

m

m

(C)

(D)

R

m

s m o o th

A

B

F

ag en t

S m o o th

H ill

A

L

l

F

m

F

26.

distance l. It is given that the block never loses contact

with the smooth horizontal surface, and the force always

acts at an angle with the horizontal.

lF0 cos

m

(A)

(B)

2l

F0 cos

m

(C)

27.

(D)

F

u = 0

sm o o th

2lF0 cos

m

lF0 cos

m

a0

elevator (moving up with acceleration a0). Find the time taken by the

body to reach the bottom of the inclined plane.

L

2L

t

a 0 g sin

a 0 g sin

(A)

(B)

3L

L

2

a 0 g sin

a 0 g sin

(C)

(D)

m

L

28.

A projectile is projected in the earths gravitational with initial kinetic energy E. The

horizontal of the projectile range is R. If the mass of the projectile is 1 kg then the angle

of projection of the projectile will be equal to

sin 1 gR / 2E

2 sin 1 gR / 2E

(A)

(B)

1

0.5 sin gR / 2E

4 sin 1 gR / 2E

(C)

(D)

29.

shown in figure, is held in unstretched position of spring. Suddenly the

sphere is set free, the maximum extension of spring is (friction is

enough to prevent slipping)

2mg

2mg cos

k

k

(A)

(B)

2mg sin

mg sin

k

k

(C)

(D)

30.

92

track in vertical plane. The track is rough enough to support rolling

between A and B and from B onwards it is smooth. The maximum

height attained by sphere from ground on its journey from B

onwards is

H

B

(A) H

2

H

5

(C)

(B)

(D)

5

H

7

2

H

7

31.

32.

A solid ball of radius 0.2m and mass 1kg lying at rest on a smooth

horizontal surface is given an instantaneous impulse of 50 Ns at

point P as shown. The number of rotations made by the ball about its

diameter before hitting the ground is

625 3

2500 3

2

2

(A)

(B)

3125 3

1250 3

2

2

(C)

(D)

5 0 N -s

P

30

A small ball strikes at one end of a stationary uniform frictionless rod of mass m and

l

length which is free to rotate, in gravityfree space. The impact is elastic. Instantaneous

axis of rotation of the rod will pass through

(A) its center of mass.

(B) the center of mass of rod plus ball.

(C) the point of impact of the ball on the rod.

l

33.

34.

93

wall is slipping over a horizontal surface with velocity of 2 m/s,

when A is at a distance of 3m from the wall. Velocity of C.M. at

this moment is

(A) 1.25 m/s

(B) 0 m/s

(C) 1 m/s

(D) 2 m/s

A small cube of mass m slides down a circular path of radius R cut

into a larger block of mass M, as shown in the figure. M rests on a

table, and both blocks move without friction. The blocks are initially

at rest, and m starts from the top of the path. The velocity v of the

cube as it leaves the block is

2mgR

2gR

M

(A)

(B)

2 m /s

O

3m

m

R

M

(C)

35.

2mgR

mM

(D)

2MgR

mM

track as shown in figure. The minimum value of the ratio R/r so that

the block may not lose contact at the highest point the inner loop is

7

2

(A)

(B) 2

5

2

(C)

(D) 3

R

r

36.

A projectile is moving at 60 m/s at its highest point, where it breaks into two equal parts

due to an internal explosion. One part moves vertically up at 50 m/s with respect to the

ground. The other part will move at

(A) 110 m/s

(B) 120 m/s

61

(C) 130 m/s

(D) 10

m/s

37.

Three rods of the same mass are placed as shown in the figure. What

will be the coordinates of the center of mass of the system?

(a / 2, a / 2)

(A) (a/2, a/2)

(B)

2a

2a

a a

,

,

3

3

3 3

(C)

(D)

38.

very heavy block moving in the same direction at 10 m/s. The

collision is onedimensional and elastic. After the collision, the

particle will

(A) move at 2 m/s in its original direction

(B) move at 8 m/s in its original direction

(C) move at 8 m/s opposite to in its original direction

(D) move at 12 m/s opposite to in its original direction

39.

diameter equal to the radius of the disc has been cut out from the

disc as shown in figure. The centre of mass of the remaining portion

of the disc lies on the diameter of the disc at a distance x to the left

of the centre of the original disc. The value of x is

R

2

(A) R

(B)

94

Y

(0 , a )

O

(a , 0 )

1 0 m /s

1 2 m /s

(C)

R

4

40.

R

6

(D)

from the shore is 20 m. He walks 8 m towards the shore on the boat

and then stops. If the boat weighs 120 kg, then the boys distance from

the shore is

(A) 20 m

(B) 8 m

(C)

8

20 8 m

5

8m

20m

(D)

8

20 8 m

5

sh o re

Fluids

61.

A vertical jet of water coming out of a nozzle with velocity 20 m/s supports a plate of

mass M stationary at a height h = 15m, as shown in the figure. If the rate of water flow is

1 litre per second, the mass of the plate is (Assume the collision to be inelastic).

M

15 m

v = 20 m/s

(A) 1 kg

(C) 2 kg

62.

(B) 1.414 kg

(D) 10 kg

The density of a liquid varies with depth h from the free surface as = kh. A small

body of density is released from the surface of liquid. The body will

(A) come to a momentary rest at a depth

21

k

(C) execute simple harmonic motion of amplitude

(D) all of the above

63.

95

1

k

1

k

An air bubble of radius r rises steadily through a liquid of density at the rate of v.

Neglecting density of air, the coefficient of viscosity of liquid is

2 r 2g

9

(A)

1 r 2g

3

(B)

1 r g

9

2 r 2g

9

(C)

(D)

64.

The reading of a barometer containing some air above the mercury column is 73cm while

that of a correct one is 76 cm. If the tube of the faulty barometer is pushed down into

mercury until volume of air in it is reduced to half, the reading shown by it will be

(A) 70 cm

(B) 72 cm

(C) 74 cm

(D) 76 cm

65.

figure. The plate is made to dip in water such that level of water is

well above that of the plate. The point X is then slowly raised at

constant velocity then curve between tension T in string and

displacement S of point X is given by

T

T

S

(A)

66.

T

S

(D)

on left has a mass (M) of 25 kg and cross

sectional area 20 cm2 and is connected to a spring

of spring constant 1400 N/m. The piston on the

right has mass m (= 5 kg) and crosssectional

area 4 cm2. The minimum mass m to be kept on

m so that water spills out from the left is (g = 10

m/s2) (initially water level in both limbs is same).

(A) 1 kg

(C) 0.7 kg

67.

K

5 cm

m

m

(B) 1.4 kg

(D) 2.5 kg

The rate of flow of glycerin of density through conical section of a pipe, if the area of

crosssectional of its ends are A1 and A2 and pressure drop across its length be P, is

given by

P

2P

A1A 2

A1A 2

2

A 2

A 22

(A)

96

(B)

(C)

(B)

2P

A 22

(C)

A1A 2

2P

A 22

(D)

68.

Water rises in a vertical capillary tube to a height 2cm. In another capillary tube whose

radius is onethird of it and which is inclined at 60 with the vertical, the water will

occupy a length equal to

(A) 2 cm

(B) 6 cm

(C) 8 cm

(D) 12 cm

69.

figure is falling under gravity. The upthrust on the body due to liquid is:

(A) zero

(B) equal to weight of liquid displaced

(C) equal to weight of the body in air

(D) equal to weight of the immersed body

70.

A liquid drop at temperature t, isolated from its surroundings, breaks into a number of

droplets. The temperature of the droplets will be

(A) equal to t

(B) greater than t

(C) less than t

(D) either (A), (B) or (C) depending on the same surface tension of the liquid

Elasticity

71.

along a frictionless horizontal surface. A

F

horizontal force is applied to pull it from one of

its ends then

(A) The bar is under same stress throughout its length

(B) The bar is not under any stress because force has been applied only at one end

(C) The bar simply moves without any stress in it

(D) The stress developed reduces to zero at the end of the bar where no force is applied

72.

A ball of mass m, attached to a light wire of length l, is rotated in a horizontal circle. The

area of crosssection of the wire is A and its breaking stress is S then maximum angular

velocity is

1 AS

AS

1

1

rad s

rad s

2 ml

ml

l

m

(A)

(B)

1 AS

2AS

rad s 1

rad s 1

4 ml

ml

(C)

(D)

97

73.

constant horizontal force F0. The area of crosssection of the plank is A. The compressive

strain on the plank in the direction of the force is

F0

2F0

AY

AY

(A)

(B)

F0

3F0

2AY

AY

(C)

(D)

74.

A steel ring of radius r and crosssectional area A is fitted on to a wooden disc of radius

R(R > r). If Youngs modulus be Y, then the force with which the steel ring is expanded is

:

R r

R

AY

AY

r

r

(A)

(B)

Y (R r )

Yr

A r

AR

(C)

(D)

75.

The elongation of a freely hanging uniform steel rope, if its length is doubled, will

increase in the ratio of

(A) 2 : 1

(B) 4 : 1

(C) 8 : 1

(D) 16 : 1

76.

suspended from the top of a roof at one end and with a load W

connected to the other end. If the crosssectional area of the wire

is 106 m2, calculate the Youngs modulus (i.e., Y) of the material

of the wire is S.I. units

(A) 2 106 N/m2

(B) 5 106 N/m2

11

2

(C) 2 10 N/m

(D) 5 1011 N/m2

4

3

2

1

20 40 60

W (N )

80

77.

A steel wire of crosssectional area 1 104 m2 is clamped firmly at each end when its

temperature is 25C so that it cannot contract on cooling. The tension in the wire when it

is cooled to 0C is ( = 105 /C, Y = 2 1011 N/m2)

(A) 5000 N

(B) 7000 N

(C) 7400 N

(D) 4700 N

78.

horizontal surface. The rod is pulled with a force F (< friction force). The elongation

produced in the rod is (Y = Young's modulus)

FL

FL

YA

2YA

(A)

(B)

98

(C) 0

79.

80.

(D)

2 FL

YA

A metallic rod hinged at one end is rotated in a horizontal plane. If the angular velocity of

rotation is doubled

(A) there will be no elongation in rod in any case

(B) elongation in rod will be same

(C) elongation in rod becomes two times of initial value

(D) elongation in rod becomes four times of initial value

A rod of length L is pulled with a force F as shown on a smooth

horizontal surface. If A is the area of crosssection and Y the

Youngs modulus of the material of the rod, the elastic potential

energy stored in the rod is

(A)

F 2L

3YA

(B)

(C)

F L

6YA

(D)

F

L

F 2L

2YA

F 2L

YA

81.

A particle A is attached to a spring and the time period for small oscillations is observed

to be T; when an additional mass dm is added on, the time period becomes T + dT. The

mass of particle

(A)

dT

dm 2

(C)

82.

99

dT

dm 2

T

is

2

dT

(B)

dT

dm 2 2

2

dT

One end of a spring of force constant k is fixed to a vertical wall and the other to a body

of mass m resting on a smooth horizontal surface. There is another wall at a distance x 0

from the body. The spring is then compressed by 2x 0 and released. The time taken to

strike the wall is

m

m

6 k

k

(A)

(B)

2

3

m

4 k

m

k

(C)

(D)

83.

A particle undergoes SHM with a time period of 2 seconds. In how much time will it

travel from its mean position to a displacement equal to half of its amplitude ?

1

1

s

s

2

3

(A)

(B)

1

1

s

s

4

6

(C)

(D)

84.

For a particle executing simple harmonic motion, the correct variation of acceleration a

with displacement x is given by

a

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

85.

1

t

2

sin (1000 t). This expression may be considered to be the superposition of n

independent harmonic motions. Then, n is equal to

(A) 2

(B) 3

(C) 4

(D) 5

86.

compared to the system shown in figure

K

V = c o n s t.

m

(A)

(B)

m

K

(C)

100

2l

87.

is suspended about one of its ends. The time period of

oscillation for small angular displacements is

3l

2l

2

2

2g

3g

(A)

(B)

l

3l

4

3g

g

(C)

(D)

88.

The time period of a simple pendulum in air is T. The time period of the same simple

pendulum in another medium which offers a Buoyant force on the bob, one third of its

weight, is

3

2

2

3

(A)

T

(B)

T

3

2

2

3

(C) T

(D) T

89.

fixed point P in gravityfree space. There is a negative charge at P. The bob gradually

emits photoelectrons (disregard the energy and momentum of the incident photons and

emitted electrons). The total force acting on the bob is T

(A) T will decrease, will decrease

(B) T will decrease, will remain constant

(C) T and will remain unchanged

(D) none of these.

90.

string of length L is released from rest at an angle . A pin

l

pendulum swings down, the string hits the pin as shown in

the figure. The maximum angle which string makes with

the vertical after hitting the pin is

L cos l

L cos l

cos 1

cos 1

Ll

L l

(A)

(B)

L cos l

L cos l

cos 1

cos 1

Ll

L l

(C)

(D)

ANSWERS KEY

101

102

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

103

(

D

)

(C)

(A)

(C)

(A)

(B)

(A)

(C)

(B)

(C)

(C)

(C)

(C)

(C)

(A)

(A)

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.

34.

35.

36.

(B)

(A)

(A)

(C)

(D)

(C)

(B)

(D)

(A)

(C)

(B)

(C)

(C)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(A)

(D)

(C)

(C)

37.

38.

39.

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

51.

52.

53.

54.

55.

56.

(D)

(B)

(D)

(D)

(D)

(C)

(D)

(C)

(C)

(A)

(B)

(A)

(B)

(B)

(B)

(A)

(D)

(D)

(A)

(C)

57.

58.

59.

60.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

71.

72.

73.

74.

75.

76.

(D)

(B)

(C)

(B)

(A)

(D)

(A)

(A)

(B)

(B)

(B)

(D)

(A)

(C)

(D)

(B)

(C)

(B)

(A)

(C)

77.

78.

79.

80.

81.

82.

83.

84.

85.

86.

87.

88.

89.

(A)

(A)

(D)

(C)

(A)

(C)

(D)

(C)

(B)

(D)

(C)

(A)

(C)

90.

(C)

104

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