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Setiap teknisi seharusnya memiliki amper meter,PSU 30V5A lebih dianjurkan.

Kita
dapat memonitor pergerakan arus pada saat pertama kali sebelum Laptop dibongkar.
Colokkan PSU pada Laptop (tanpa battery)jika amper naik sebesar 0.009 s/d 0.030
(normal)berarti power sudah masuk sampai ke VBAT. Kemudian pasang battery jika
amper naik mulai dari 0.300A s/d 1.800A di pastikan charger IC dalam kondisi baik dan
pengisian battery sedang berjalan. Jika pada saat di colok PSU(tanpa battery) amper
naik sampai 0,060 s/d 0.090 maka ada masalah terjadi pada SMPS power regulator
ic.biasanya ditemukan ada ground feedback (short)pada output LDO atau pada
inductor 3V dan 5V atau pada SMPS ic itu sendiri.Ciri2 nya SMPS ic panas. Jika pada
saat colok PSU amper monitor menunjukkan angkat normal kemudian tekan tombol
power maka amper akan bergerak naik pertanda system switching telah berjalan.
Adakalanya setelah di switch amper naik kemudian drop kembali ke standby mode
pertanda ada komponen atau device yang menolak dihidupkan,penyebab terbesar di
karenakan adanya ground feedback. Sebagaimana hukum elektro,apabila kutub positif
beradu /menyatu dgn kutub negatif maka tegangan yg ada pada kutub positif akan
kalah dan berubah menjadi 0V.Ada juga pada saat di switch amper naik tetapi terhenti
pada 0.100 s/d 0.250 untuk laptop yg total penggunaan amper hanya 1.5A.dan 0.100
s/d 0.900 utk laptop yg total penggunaan amper 3.2A serta 0.100 s/d 1.800A utk
laptop yg Ttl penggunaan amper nya 4.7A.Sangat penting utk mengetahui total
penggunaan amper yg tertera pada adaptor atau di casing bawah laptop utk
mengetahui konsumsi amper pada saat laptop sdh tampil.Utk laptop yg Ttl
penggunaan amper 1.5A biasanya motherboard cukup mengkonsumsi 0.2500.400A.utk yg 3.2A mobo cukup mengkonsumsi 0.700-1.500A sedangkan mobo yg
adaptor nya 4.7A baru bisa display jika konsumsi amper sdh mencapai 1.800A2.200.Jika ternyata monitor amper sudah mencapai angka diatas ternyata
motherboard belum tampil hanya 2 kemungkinan kerusakan yg terjadi memory atau
VGAnya.
Each technician should have ammeters, 30V5A PSU preferable. We can monitor the
movement of currents at the first time before the laptop disassembled. Plug the PSU
on a Laptop (without battery) if the current increase of 0.009A to 0.030A (normal)
means the power already signed up to VBAT. Then plug the battery if the current rise
from 0.300A to 1.800A it is positive charger IC is in good condition and charging the
battery is running. If at the time at PSU plug in (without battery) amperage rises to
0.060A to 0.090A then there was a problem occurs in SMPS power regulator ic. usually
there are ground feedback (short) at the LDO output or on the inductors 3VALW and
5VALW or the SMPS IC itself. Ic character traits SMPS being heat. If at PSU plug in than
amperage monitor showing normal condition and then press the power button then the
current will move up sign switching system has been running. Sometimes after the
switch current rise and then drop back to standby mode sign any component or device
that refuse is turned on, the biggest culprit in because the ground feedback. As electro
law, if the positive pole collided / fused with the negative pole of the voltage existing
at the positive pole will be lost and turned into 0V .There is also the time at switch
updrafts but stalled in 0.100 to 0.250 for laptops which total current usage only 1.5A.
End then 0.100A to 0.900A for a laptop that total use of current for 3.2A and 0100A to
1.800A for laptops that use total current for 4.7A. It is essential for knowing the total
use of current marked on the adapter or on the bottom of the laptop casing for
knowing the current consumption when the laptop is already to display. For laptops
that use total current for 1.5A, motherboard usually consume enough for 0.250A to
0.400A to display . total current 3.2A motherboard consume enoughfor 0.700A to
1.500A and total current for 4.7A , motherboard already display if the current
consumption reach for 1.800A to 2.200.If current usage has reached the figure above
but it still no post ,there are 2 damage possibility it cause of memory or graphic chip.