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Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering

Department of Mechanical Engineering

MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS
(Date of document: 4th of October 2016)
Course Code

MEMB343

Course Status

Core

Level

Degree

Semester Taught

Credit

Pre-requisites

MEMB233 Mechanics II: Dynamics


MEMB263

Theory of Machines
Assessments

Assignments
Test
Final Examination

Lecturers

A/P Ir. Dr. Jawaid I. Inayat-Hussain


Office:
BA
(4th
Floor),
jawaid@uniten.edu.my

30%
20%
50%

ext.

7318,

E-mail:

Professor Dr. Hanim Salleh


Office: BA (2nd Floor), ext. 7312, E-mail: hanim@uniten.edu.my
Dr. Malik Idries Adam Ahmed
Office: BN-0-007, ext. 2250, E-mail: idriesm@uniten.edu.my
Course Description

This course covers the main aspects of mechanical vibrations


that includes the following topics: equations of motion of singleand multi-degree-of-freedom systems, free and forced vibration
analysis of undamped and damped systems, response to steadystate excitation, coordinate coupling and semidefinite systems,
modal analysis, modeling of multi-degree-of-freedom systems
via Lagranges equation, vibration of continuous systems, design
of vibration isolation systems and dynamic absorbers.

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Course Objectives

The aims of this course are to:


1. Appreciate the role of vibration in the design and operation
of machines and structures.
2. Develop the skills to translate a physical model of a
vibratory system to an appropriate mathematical model.
3. Develop the ability to analyze and predict vibration
characteristics and response of mechanical and structural
systems.
4. Develop the ability to design mechanical and structural
systems to achieve the desired vibration characteristics and
response.

Transferrable Skills

Having successfully completed this course, the students will be


better able to develop the equations of motion of mechanical and
structural systems, and solving these equations to determine the
vibration characteristics of these systems. They will also have
gained experience and showed competence in solving vibration
related problems in mechanical and structural systems.

Course Outcomes (CO)


- what students to achieve and to be assessed upon completing this course
No.

Upon completion of this course, the student should be able to:

CO1

Apply the fundamental concepts of vibration.

CO2

Formulate the equations of motion for single- and multi-degree-of-freedom systems


using Newtons 2nd law, energy and Lagrange methods.

CO3

Compute the natural frequencies and mode shapes of single- and multi-degree-offreedom systems.

CO4

Determine the vibration response of single- and multi-degree-of-freedom systems


based upon the initial conditions and / or harmonic forcing input.

CO5

Determine the exact natural frequencies and mode shapes of simple one-dimensional
continuous systems.

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

CO6

Analyze the performance of a passive vibration isolation system and / or passive


vibration absorber to suppress vibration in a forced system.

Course Outline:
Topic 1:

FUNDAMENTAL OF VIBRATIONS
Basic concepts of vibration
Classification of vibration
Spring, mass or inertia, and damping elements
Harmonic motion

Topic 2:

FREE VIBRATION OF SINGLE-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM SYSTEMS


Vibration analysis procedure
Free vibration of an undamped translational system
Free vibration of an undamped torsional system
Rayleighs energy method
Free vibration with viscous damping

Topic 3:

HARMONICALLY EXCITED VIBRATION OF SINGLE-DEGREE-OFFREEDOM SYSTEMS


Equation of motion
Response of an undamped system under harmonic force
Response of a damped system under harmonic force
Response of a damped system under the harmonic motion of the base
Response of a damped system under rotating unbalance

Topic 4:

TWO-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM SYSTEMS
Equations of motion for forced vibration
Free vibration analysis of an undamped system
Torsional system
Coordinate coupling and principal coordinates
Semi-definite systems
Forced vibration of undamped systems using modal analysis

Topic 5:

LAGRANGES EQUATIONS
Generalized coordinates and generalized forces
Using Lagranges equations to derive equations of motion

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Equations of motion of undamped systems in matrix form

Topic 6:

VIBRATION OF CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS


Transverse vibration of a string or cable
Longitudinal vibration of a bar or rod
Torsional vibration of a shaft or rod
Lateral vibration of beams

Topic 7:

VIBRATION CONTROL
Vibration isolation
Undamped dynamic vibration absorbers

Main Reference
S. S. Rao, Mechanical Vibrations, 5th SI Edition, Pearson, 2011.
Additional Reference(s)
1. W. T. Thomson and M. D. Dahleh, Theory of Vibration with Applications, 5th Edition,
Prentice Hall, 1998.
2. D. J. Inman, Engineering Vibrations, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2007.

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical
Engineering
Course Outcomes

PO1
a

CO1: Apply the fundamental concepts of


vibration.

CO3: Compute the natural frequencies and


mode shapes of single- and multi-degree-offreedom systems.

CO4: Determine the vibration response of


single- and multi-degree-of-freedom systems
based upon the initial conditions and / or
harmonic forcing input.

CO5: Determine the exact natural


frequencies and mode shapes of simple onedimensional continuous systems.

Course Outcomes

CO2: Formulate the equations of motion for


single- and multi-degree-of-freedom systems
using Newtons 2nd law, energy and
Lagrange methods.

CO6: Analyze the performance of a passive


vibration isolation system and / or passive
vibration absorber to suppress vibration in a
forced system.

PO2

PO3
a

PO4

PO
5

PO
6

b c a b c a b a b

P
O
7

PO
8

PO
10

PO9
a

PO
11

PO12
a

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Assessment-Course Outcomes Matrix :


PO1
CO1

Assessments
Assignments (30%)
Test (20%)
Final Exam (50%)

PO emphasis

PO1
CO2

PO1
CO3

PO1
CO4

PO1
CO5

PO2
CO6

PO9
0.0

PO10
0.0

:
Current Coverage (%)

PO1
85

PO2
15

PO3
0.0

PO4
0.0

PO5
0.0

PO6
0.0

PO7
0.0

PO8
0.0

PO11
0.0

Bloom's Coverage (%) :

Current Coverage (%)

Cognitive
Low
Med
Hi
10.0
69.0
21.0

Psychomotor

Affective

Total

0.0

0.0

100

PO12
0.0

Total
100

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

What is Program Educational Objectives (PEO)?


PEO are objectives that UNITEN graduates should achieve after five (5) years of graduation.
Summary of BME Programme Educational Objectives (PEO)
Program Educational Objectives

PEO No.

UNITEN produces Mechanical Engineering graduates who:


PEO1 Practicing engineers in mechanical engineering with the ability to venture into energy related business.
PEO2 Hold leadership responsibilities and/or establish their own enterprises.
PEO3 Have professional qualifications/certifications in mechanical engineering related areas.
PEO4 Engages in activities to enhance knowledge in their professional works

What are Programme Outcomes (PO)?


POs are the expected traits that UNITEN students should have upon graduation.
COE Programme Outcomes (PO)
Program Outcomes
PO
No.

Students graduating from the Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering (BME) program will have
the ability to:
Statement

PO Indicators
a

PO1

PO2

Apply fundamental knowledge of


mathematics, science and mechanical
engineering principles in solving complex
problems
WA1 (WK1-WK4)

Identify, formulate, analyze and solve


complex mechanical engineering
problems
WA2 (WK1-WK4)

b
c

a
b

Comprehend the fundamental knowledge of


mathematics, science and mechanical engineering
(C1,C2)
Apply fundamental knowledge of mathematics,
science and mechanical engineering principles in
solving engineering problems (C3, C4)
Solve complex engineering problems by
relating/incorporating fundamental knowledge of
mathematics, science and mechanical engineering
principles. (C5,C6)

Identify, formulate and solve mechanical


engineering problems (C3, C4)
Evaluate and synthesize the solution to complex
mechanical engineering problems (C5,C6)

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Program Outcomes

PO3

PO
No.

Design solutions for complex


mechanical engineering problems that
meet specific needs with appropriate
consideration for public health and
safety, culture, society, and environment
WA3 (WK5)

b
c

a
b

Illustrate solutions for mechanical engineering


problems with appropriate consideration for public
health and safety. (C3, C4)
Illustrate solutions for mechanical engineering
problems with appropriate consideration for culture,
society, and environment. (C3, C4)
Propose solutions for complex mechanical
engineering problems that meet specific needs with
appropriate consideration for public health and
safety, culture, society, and environment. (C5,C6)

Use research methods for collecting data (C1, C2)


Analyze and interpret data using engineering
principles and appropriate techniques (C3,C4)
Design & evaluate solutions to complex
engineering problems by employing research
methods and data interpretation skills (C5,C6)

PO4

Conduct investigations, interpret data


and provide conclusions in investigating
complex problems related to
mechanical engineering
WA4 (WK8)

PO5

Create appropriate techniques, select


resources, and apply modern
engineering tools to execute complex
engineering activities
WA5 (WK6)

PO6

Apply reasoning in assessing societal,


health, safety, legal and cultural issues
and the consequent responsibilities
relevant to professional engineering
practice
WA6 (WK7)

PO7

Demonstrate knowledge of the impact


of professional engineering solutions in
environmental contexts and the need for
sustainable development
WA7 (WK7)

No sub-attribute (C2,C3)

PO8

Demonstrate commitment to
professional and ethical principles
WA8 (WK7)

No sub-attribute (A3)

a
b

a
b

Usage of modern tools to execute mechanical


engineering activities (P1,P2)
Manipulation of modern tool to execute complex
engineering activities (P3,P4)

Apply reasoning in assessing societal, legal and


cultural issues and the consequent responsibilities
relevant to professional engineering practice (C3, C4)
Apply reasoning in assessing health and safety issues
and the consequent responsibilities relevant to
professional engineering practice (C3, C4)

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Program Outcomes

PO9
PO
No.

Communicate effectively on complex


engineering activities
WA10

Communicate effectively by means of oral presentation


(P3)

Communicate effectively by means of report writing


(P3)

Communicate effectively by means of oral presentation


and/or report writing on complex engineering
activities (P3)

Function effectively as an individual and


in a group with the capacity to be a
PO10
leader
WA9
Acknowledge the need for, and be able
PO11 to engage in life-long learning
WA12
Demonstrate knowledge on project
management principles and
PO12
entrepreneurship skills
WA11

No sub-attribute (A4)

No sub-attribute (C2)
a
b

Demonstrate knowledge on project management


principles (C2,C3)
Demonstrate knowledge on entrepreneurship skills
(C2,C3)

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

MEMB343 MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS


Course Schedule & Problem Solving Exercises
Semester 2 (2016/2017)
10 October 2016 20 January 2017
Week

Sec. **

Chapters

Problem Solving Exercises **

1
(10 Oct 14 Oct)

1.1 1.5, 1.7


1.9, 1.10

Fundamentals of Vibrations

1.11, 1.39, 1.49, 1.92

2
(17 Oct 21 Oct)

1.6, 2.1 2.3

Free Vibration of Single-Degree-ofFreedom Systems

2.3, 2.27, 2.72, 2.76

3
(24 Oct 28 Oct)

2.5 2.6

Free Vibration of Single-Degree-ofFreedom Systems

2.94, 2.95, 2.103, 2.108

4
(31 Oct 04 Nov)

3.1 3.3

Harmonically Excited Vibration of


Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems

3.1, 3.9, 3.34

5
(07 Nov 11 Nov)

3.4

Harmonically Excited Vibration of


Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems

3.41, 3.45, 3.61

6
(14 Nov 18 Nov)

3.6 3.7

Harmonically Excited Vibration of


Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems

3.65, 3.71

7
(21 Nov 25 Nov)

5.1 5.4

Two-Degree-of-Freedom Systems

5.5, 5.8, 5.36

8
(28 Nov 02 Dec)

5.5, 5.7

Two-Degree-of-Freedom Systems

5.43, 5.49

9
(05 Dec 09 Dec)

6.14

Two-Degree-of-Freedom Systems

5.62, 5.63

10
(19 Dec 23 Dec)

6.6 6.8

Lagranges Equations

5.37, 5.50

11
(26 Dec 30 Dec)

8.1 8.2.4, 8.3.1

Vibration of Continuous Systems

8.2, 8.4, 8.6, 8.16, 8.28

12
(02 Jan 06 Jan)

8.4, 8.5.1 8.5.4

Vibration of Continuous Systems

8.31, 8.33, 8.36

13
(09 Jan 13 Jan)

9.10.1 9.10.2

Vibration Control

9.27, 9.33, 9.44, 9.46

14
(16 Jan 20 Jan)

9.11.1

Vibration Control

9.64, 9.66, 9.72, 9.73

** Topics coverage based on the textbook: S. S. Rao, Mechanical Vibrations, 5th SI Edition, Pearson, 2011