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An American National Standard

Designation: A 240/A 240M 03a

Standard Specification for

Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate,


Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General
Applications1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation A 240/A 240M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year
of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval.
A superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

J 1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS)6

1. Scope *
1.1 This specification2 covers chromium, chromium-nickel,
and chromium-manganese-nickel stainless steel plate, sheet,
and strip for pressure vessels and for general applications.
1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units
are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in
each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system
must be used independently of the other. Combining values
from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the
specification.
1.3 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound and
SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable
M specification designation (SI units), the material shall be
furnished in inch-pound units.

3. General Requirements
3.1 The following requirements for orders for material
furnished under this specification shall conform to the applicable requirements of the current edition of Specification
A 480/A 480M.
3.1.1 Definitions;
3.1.2 General requirements for delivery;
3.1.3 Ordering information;
3.1.4 Process;
3.1.5 Special tests;
3.1.6 Heat treatment;
3.1.7 Dimensions and permissible variations;
3.1.8 Workmanship, finish and appearance;
3.1.9 Number of tests/test methods;
3.1.10 Specimen preparation;
3.1.11 Retreatment;
3.1.12 Inspection;
3.1.13 Rejection and rehearing;
3.1.14 Material test report;
3.1.15 Certification; and
3.1.16 Packaging, marking, and loading.

2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards:
A 370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing
of Steel Products3
A 480/A 480M Specification for General Requirements for
Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate,
Sheet, and Strip3
A 923 Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic
Phase in Wrought Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless
Steels3
E 112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size4
E 527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS)5
2.2 SAE Standard:

4. Chemical Composition
4.1 The steel shall conform to the requirements as to
chemical composition specified in Table 1 and shall conform to
applicable requirements specified in Specification A 480/
A 480M.
5. Mechanical Properties
5.1 The material shall conform to the mechanical properties
specified in Table 2.
5.2 When specified by the purchaser, Charpy impact tests
shall be performed in accordance with Supplementary Requirement S1.

1
This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,
Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee
A01.17 on Flat-Rolled and Wrought Stainless Steel.
Current edition approved April 10, 2003. Published May 2003. Originally
approved in 1940. Last previous edition approved in 2003 as A 240/A 240M 03.
2
For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specification SA-240 in Section II of that Code.
3
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.03.
4
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 03.01.
5
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.01.

6
Available from Society of Automotive Engineers, 400 Commonwealth Dr.,
Warrendale, PA 15096.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard.


Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

A 240/A 240M 03a


6. Materials for High-Temperature Service
6.1 The austenitic H Types shall conform to an average
grain size of ASTM No. 7 or coarser as measured by Test
Methods E 112.

6.2 Supplementary Requirement S2 shall be invoked when


non-H grade austenitic stainless steels are ordered for ASME
Code applications for service above 1000F [540C].

0.030
0.10

0.050.10

0.060.10

0.020
0.020
0.15
0.03
0.03
0.15
0.15
0.030
0.06
0.12
0.08
0.03
0.10
0.08
0.15
0.03
0.03
0.15
0.08
0.030
0.040.10
0.040.06
0.08
0.08
0.030
0.12
0.018
0.015
0.160.24
0.050.10
0.08
0.040.10
0.08
0.040.10

...
800G

800HG

...

904LG
...
201
...
...
...
202
...
XM-19J

XM-31J
XM-17J
XM-18J
...
XM-29J
301
301LG
301LNG
302
304
304L
304H
...
304N
XM-21J
304LN
305
...
...
...
...
309S
309HG
309CbG

309HCbG

310S
310HG
310CbG

N08367
N08800

N08810

N08811

N08904
N08926
S20100
S20103
S20153
S20161
S20200
S20400
S20910

S21400
S21600
S21603
S21800
S24000
S30100
S30103
S30153
S30200
S30400
S30403
S30409
S30415
S30451
S30452
S30453
S30500
S30600
S30601
S30615
S30815
S30908
S30909
S30940

S30941

S31008
S31009
S31040

3
0.08
0.040.10
0.08

0.07

...

N08020

CarbonD

TypeC

UNS
DesignationB

2.00
2.00
2.00

2.00

14.016.0
7.59.0
7.59.0
7.09.0
11.514.5
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
0.80
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
0.500.80
2.00
0.80
2.00
2.00
2.00

2.00
2.00
5.57.5
5.57.5
6.47.5
4.06.0
7.510.0
7.09.0
4.06.0

1.50

1.50

2.00
1.50

2.00

Manganese

Sulfur

Silicon

Chromium

Nickel

0.045
0.045
0.045

0.045

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.060
0.060
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.020
0.030
0.030
0.040
0.045
0.045
0.045

0.045
0.030
0.060
0.045
0.045
0.040
0.060
0.040
0.040

0.040

0.045

0.040
0.045

0.045

0.030
0.030
0.030

0.030

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.020
0.013
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.035
0.010
0.030
0.030
0.015
0.040
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.015

0.015

0.030
0.015

0.035

1.50
0.75
1.50

0.75

0.301.00
0.75
0.75
3.54.5
0.75
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
1.002.00
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
3.74.3
5.05.6
3.24.0
1.402.00
0.75
0.75
0.75

1.00
0.50
1.00
0.75
0.75
3.04.0
1.00
1.00
0.75

1.00

1.00

1.00
1.00

1.00

24.026.0
24.026.0
24.026.0

22.024.0

17.018.5
17.522.0
17.522.0
16.018.0
17.019.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
17.019.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
18.019.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
17.019.0
17.018.5
17.018.0
17.019.5
20.022.0
22.024.0
22.024.0
22.024.0

19.023.0
19.021.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.017.5
15.018.0
17.019.0
15.017.0
20.523.5

19.023.0

19.023.0

20.022.0
19.023.0

19.021.0

19.022.0
19.022.0
19.022.0

12.016.0

1.00
5.07.0
5.07.0
8.09.0
2.33.7
6.08.0
6.08.0
6.08.0
8.010.0
8.010.5
8.012.0
8.010.5
9.010.0
8.010.5
8.010.5
8.012.0
10.513.0
14.015.5
17.018.0
13.516.0
10.012.0
12.015.0
12.015.0
12.016.0

23.028.0
24.026.0
3.55.5
3.55.5
4.05.0
4.06.0
4.06.0
1.503.00
11.513.5

30.035.0

30.035.0

23.525.5
30.035.0

32.038.0

Austenitic (Chromium-Nickel) (Chromium-Manganese-Nickel)

Phosphorus

TABLE 1 Chemical Composition Requirements, %A

...
...
...

...

...
2.003.00
2.003.00
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.20
0.20
...
...
...
...
...

4.05.0
6.07.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.503.00

...

...

6.07.0
...

2.003.00

Molybdenum

...
...
...

...

0.35 min
0.250.50
0.250.50
0.080.18
0.200.40
0.10
0.20
0.070.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
...
0.120.18
0.100.16
0.160.30
0.100.16
...
...
0.05
...
0.140.20
...
...
...

0.10
0.150.25
0.25
0.25
0.100.25
0.080.20
0.25
0.150.30
0.200.40

...

...

0.180.25
...

...

Nitrogen

...
...
...

...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.50
0.35
...
...
...
...
...

1.02.0
0.51.5
...
...
1.00
...
...
...
...

0.75

0.75

0.75
0.75

3.04.0

Copper

Cb 83C min,
1.00 max
...
FeH 39.5 min
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
FeH 39.5 min
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
FeH 39.5 min
TiI 0.150.60
AlI 0.150.60
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
Cb 0.100.30
V 0.100.30
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
Ce 0.030.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
Al 0.801.50
Ce 0.030.08
...
...
Cb 103C min,
1.10 max
Cb 103C min,
1.10 max
...
...
Cb 103C min,
1.10 max

Other
ElementsE,F

A 240/A 240M 03a

0.020
0.020
0.030
0.08
0.030
0.040.10
0.08
0.08

0.07
0.020
0.040.08

0.08

310 MoLNG
...
...
316
316L
316H
316TiG

316CbG

316N
316LN
317
317L
317LMG
317LMNG
317LNG
...
321

321H

...
...
...

334G

...
347

347H

348

348H

...

...
...
XM-15J
...

...
...
...
...

S31050
S31254
S31266
S31600
S31603
S31609
S31635

S31640

S31651
S31653
S31700
S31703
S31725
S31726
S31753
S32050
S32100

S32109

S32615
S32654
S33228

S33400

S34565
S34700

S34709

S34800

S34809

S35045

S35135
S35315
S38100
S38815

S31200
S31260
S31803
S32001

0.030
0.03
0.030
0.030

0.08
0.040.08
0.08
0.030

0.060.10

0.040.10

0.08

0.040.10

0.030
0.08

0.040.10

0.08
0.030
0.08
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.08

0.040.10

310HCbG

S31041

Carbon

Type

UNS
DesignationB

2.00
1.00
2.00
4.06.0

1.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

1.50

2.00

2.00

2.00

5.07.0
2.00

1.00

2.00
2.04.0
1.00

2.00

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
1.50
2.00

2.00

2.00
1.00
2.04.0
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

2.00

Manganese

0.045
0.030
0.030
0.040

0.045
0.040
0.030
0.040

0.045

0.045

0.045

0.045

0.030
0.045

0.030

0.045
0.030
0.020

0.045

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.035
0.045

0.045

0.030
0.030
0.035
0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045

0.045

Phosphorus

0.601.00
1.202.00
1.502.50
5.56.5

1.00

0.75

0.75

0.75

1.00
0.75

1.00

4.86.0
0.50
0.30

0.75

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
1.00
0.75

0.75

0.50
0.80
1.00
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75

0.75

Silicon

0.030
0.030
0.020
0.030

1.00
0.75
1.00
1.00

Duplex (Austenitic-Ferritic)

0.015
0.030
0.030
0.020

0.015

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.010
0.030

0.015

0.030
0.005
0.015

0.030

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.020
0.030

0.030

0.010
0.010
0.020
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.030

Sulfur

TABLE 1 Continued

24.026.0
24.026.0
21.023.0
19.521.5

20.025.0
24.026.0
17.019.0
13.015.0

25.029.0

17.019.0

17.019.0

17.019.0

23.025.0
17.019.0

18.020.0

16.519.5
24.025.0
26.028.0

17.019.0

16.018.0
16.018.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
17.020.0
18.020.0
22.024.0
17.019.0

16.018.0

24.026.0
19.520.5
23.025.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.018.0

24.026.0

Chromium

5.56.5
5.57.5
4.56.5
1.003.00

30.038.0
34.036.0
17.518.5
13.017.0

32.037.0

9.013.0

9.013.0

9.013.0

16.018.0
9.013.0

19.021.0

19.022.0
21.023.0
31.033.0

9.012.0

10.014.0
10.014.0
11.015.0
11.015.0
13.517.5
13.517.5
11.015.0
20.023.0
9.012.0

10.014.0

20.523.5
17.518.5
21.024.0
10.014.0
10.014.0
10.014.0
10.014.0

19.022.0

Nickel

1.202.00
2.53.5
2.53.5
0.60

4.04.8
...
...
0.751.50

...

...

...

...

4.05.0
...

...

0.301.50
7.08.0
...

...

2.003.00
2.003.00
3.04.0
3.04.0
4.05.0
4.05.0
3.04.0
6.06.8
...

2.003.00

1.602.60
6.06.5
5.26.2
2.003.00
2.003.00
2.003.00
2.003.00

...

Molybdenum

0.140.20
0.100.30
0.080.20
0.050.17

...
0.120.18
...
...

...

...

...

...

0.400.60
...

...

...
0.450.55
...

...

0.100.16
0.100.16
0.10
0.10
0.20
0.100.20
0.100.22
0.210.32
0.10

0.10

0.090.15
0.180.22
0.350.60
0.10
0.10
...
0.10

...

Nitrogen

...
0.200.80
...
1.00

0.75
...
...
0.751.50

0.75

...

...

...

...
...

...

1.502.50
0.300.60
...

...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.40
...

...

...
0.501.00
1.002.50
...
...
...
...

...

Copper

...
W 0.100.50
...
...

Cb 103C min,
1.10 max
...
...
W 1.502.50
...
...
...
Ti 5 3 (C + N)
min, 0.70 max
Cb 10 3 C
min, 1.10 max
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
Ti 5 3 (C + N)
min, 0.70 max
Ti 4 3 (C + N)
min, 0.70 max
...
...
Ce 0.050.10
Cb 0.61.0
Al 0.025
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
Cb 0.10
Cb 10 3 C min,
1.00 max
Cb 8 3 C min,
1.00 max
(Cb + Ta) 103C
min, 1.00 max
Ta 0.10
Co 0.20
(Cb + Ta) 83C
min, 1.00 max
Ta 0.10
Co 0.20
Al 0.150.60
Ti 0.150.60
Ti 0.401.00
Ce 0.030.10
...
Al 0.30

Other
ElementsE,F

A 240/A 240M 03a

...
410
...
410S
...

...
...
...
429G
430
439

434
436

...

...

S41050
S41500M
S42035
S42900
S43000
S43035

S43400
S43600

S43932

S43940

...

S40930

S40977
S41000
S41003
S41008
S41045

...

S40920

...

405
409L
...

S40500
S40900L
S40910

S40975

...

S32803

...

...
...
2205G
2304G
...
255G
2507G
...
329
...
...

S32003
S32101
S32205
S32304
S32520
S32550
S32750
S32760K
S32900
S32906
S32950

S40945

TypeC

UNS
DesignationB

0.030

0.030

0.12
0.12

0.04
0.05
0.08
0.12
0.12
0.030

0.030
0.080.15
0.030
0.08
0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

1.00

1.00

1.00
1.00

1.00
0.501.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.50
1.00
1.50
1.00
1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

0.030

0.030

1.00

0.50

2.00
4.06.0
2.00
2.50
1.50
1.50
1.20
1.00
1.00
0.801.50
2.00

Manganese

0.08

0.015

0.030
0.040
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.04
0.030
0.030
0.08
0.030
0.030

CarbonD

0.040

0.040

0.040
0.040

0.045
0.030
0.045
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040

0.020

0.030
0.040
0.030
0.040
0.035
0.040
0.035
0.030
0.040
0.030
0.035

Phosphorus
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.80
1.00
0.80
1.00
0.75
0.50
0.60

19.522.5
21.022.0
22.023.0
21.524.5
24.026.0
24.027.0
24.026.0
24.026.0
23.028.0
28.030.0
26.029.0

Chromium

0.015

0.030

0.030
0.030

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.015
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.030

0.030

0.020

0.020

0.020

0.030

0.0035

1.00

1.00

1.00
1.00

1.00
0.60
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

0.55

17.518.5

17.019.0

16.018.0
16.018.0

10.512.5
11.514.0
13.515.5
14.016.0
16.018.0
17.019.0

10.512.5
11.513.5
10.512.5
11.513.5
12.013.0

10.511.7

10.511.7

10.511.7

10.511.7

10.511.7

11.514.5

28.029.0

Ferritic or Martensitic (Chromium)

0.020
0.030
0.020
0.030
0.020
0.030
0.020
0.010
0.030
0.030
0.010

Silicon

TABLE 1 Continued
Sulfur

...

0.50

...
...

0.601.10
3.55.5
1.02.5
...
0.75
0.50

0.301.00
0.75
1.50
0.60
0.50

0.501.00

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.60

3.04.0

3.04.0
1.351.70
4.56.5
3.05.5
5.58.0
4.56.5
6.08.0
6.08.0
2.05.00
5.87.5
3.55.2

Nickel

...

...

0.751.25
0.751.25

...
0.501.00
0.21.2
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...

...

...

...

...

...

1.802.50

1.502.00
0.100.80
3.03.5
0.050.60
3.04.0
2.93.9
3.05.0
3.04.0
1.002.00
1.502.60
1.002.50

Molybdenum

...

0.030

...
...

0.10
...
...
...
...
0.030

0.030
...
0.030
...
0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

...

0.020
(C+N) 0.030

0.140.20
0.200.25
0.140.20
0.050.20
0.200.35
0.100.25
0.240.32
0.200.30
...
0.300.40
0.150.35

Nitrogen

...

...

...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...
0.100.80
...
0.050.60
0.502.00
1.502.50
0.50
0.501.00
...
0.80
...

Copper

Ti 63(C+N) min,
0.50 max; Cb
0.17
Ti 83(C+N) min,
Ti 0.150.50; Cb
0.10
(Ti+Cb) [0.08+8
3(C+N)] min,
0.75 max;
Ti 0.05 min
Cb 0.180.40
Ti 0.050.20
Ti 63(C+N) min,
0.75 max
...
...
...
...
Cb 93(C+N) min,
0.60 max
...
...
Ti 0.300.50
...
...
Ti [0.20+4(C+N)]
min, 1.10 max; Al
0.15
...
Cb 53C min,
0.80 max
(Ti+Cb)
[0.20+4(C+N)]
min, 0.75 max;
Al 0.15
Ti 0.100.60 Cb
[0.30+(33C)] min

Cb 123(C+N)
min,
0.150.50
Al 0.100.30

...
...
...
W 0.501.00
...
...
...

...
...
...

Other
ElementsE,F

A 240/A 240M 03a

0.010N

XM-27J

...

...

...
...

S44627

S44635

S44660

S44700
S44735

6
0.010
0.030

0.010
0.030

0.030

0.025

0.30
1.00

0.30
1.00

1.00

1.00

0.40

0.75

1.00

1.00

Manganese

0.025
0.040

0.025
0.040

0.040

0.040

0.020

0.040

0.040

0.040

Phosphorus

0.020
0.030

0.020
0.030

0.030

0.030

0.020

0.020

0.012

0.030

0.20
1.00

0.20
1.00

1.00

0.75

0.40

0.75

1.00

1.00

Silicon

TABLE 1 Continued
Sulfur

28.030.0
18.020.0

28.030.0
28.030.0

25.028.0

24.526.0

25.027.5

25.027.0

19.021.0

17.519.5

Chromium

2.002.50
0.50

0.15
1.00

1.03.5

3.54.5

0.50

0.50

0.60

1.00

Nickel

3.54.2
...

3.54.2
3.64.2

3.04.0

3.54.5

0.751.50

0.751.50

...

1.752.50

Molybdenum

0.020
0.030

0.020
0.045

0.040

0.035

0.015N

0.04

0.03

0.035

Nitrogen

0.15
...

0.15
...

...

...

0.20

0.20

0.300.60

...

Copper

(Ti+Cb)[0.20+4(C+N)]
min, 0.80 max
Cb 103(C+N)
min, 0.80 max
Ti 0.201.00;
Ti 7(C+N) min
Cb 0.050.20
(Ni + Cu) 0.50
(Ti+Cb) [0.20+4
(C+N)] min, 0.80
max
(Ti+Cb) 0.20
1.00, Ti + Cb
63(C+N) min
(C+N) 0.025
(Ti+Cb)
0.201.00,
(Ti+Cb) 63
(C+N) min
(C+N) 0.025
Ti 0.070.30
Cb 0.100.60
(Ti+Cb) [0.20+4
(C+N)] min, 0.80
max

Other
ElementsE,F

Maximum, unless range or minimum is indicated.


Designation established in accordance with Practice E 527 and SAE J 1086.
Unless otherwise indicated, a grade designation originally assigned by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).
D
Carbon analysis shall be reported to nearest 0.01 % except for the low-carbon types, which shall be reported to nearest 0.001 %.
E
The terms Columbium (Cb) and Niobium (Nb) both relate to the same element.
F
When two minimums or two maximums are listed for a single type, as in the case of both a value from a formula and an absolute value, the higher minimum or lower maximum shall apply.
G
Common name, not a trademark, widely used, not associated with any one producer.
H
Iron shall be determined arithmetically by difference of 100 minus the sum of the other specified elements.
I
(Al + Ti) 0.851.20.
J
Naming system developed and applied by ASTM.
K
Cr + 3.3 Mo + 16 N = 40 min.
L
S40900 (Type 409) has been replaced by S40910, S40920, and S40930. Unless otherwise specified in the ordering information, an order specifying S40900 or Type 409 shall be satisfied by any one of S40910,
S40920, or S40930 at the option of the seller. Material meeting the requirements of S40910, S40920, or S40930, may at the option of the manufacturer be certified as S40900.
M
Plate version of CA-6NM.
N
Product (check or verification) analysis tolerance over the maximum limit for C and N in XM-27 shall be 0.002 %.

...
...

0.06

XM-33J

S44626

S44800
S46800

0.020

...

S44500

0.025

444

S44400

CarbonD

TypeC

UNS
DesignationB

A 240/A 240M 03a

N08020
N08367
Sheet and Strip
Plate
N08800
N08810
N08811
N08904
N08926
S20100
S20100
S20103
S20153
S20161
S20200
S20400
S30100
S30103
S30153
S30200
S30400
S30403
S30409
S30415
S30451
S30453
S30500
S30600
S30601
S30615
S30815
S30908
S30909
S30940
S30941
S31008
S31009
S31040
S31041
S31254
Sheet and Strip
Plate
S31266
S31600
S31603
S31653
S31609
S31635
S31640
S31651
S31700

UNS Designation

690
655
520
450
450
490
650
515
655
655
655
860
620
655
515
550
550
515
515
485
515
600
550
515
485
540
540
620
600
515
515
515
515
515
515
515
515
690
655
750
515
485
515
515
515
515
550
515

100
95
75
65
65
71
94
75
95
95
95
125
90
95
75
80
80
75
75
70
75
87
80
75
70
78
78
90
87
75
75
75
75
75
75
75
75
100
95
109
75
70
75
75
75
75
80
75

800
800HF
...
904LF
...
201-1I
201-2I
201LF
201LNF
...
202
...
301
301LF
301LNF
302
304
304L
304H
...
304N
304LN
305
...
...
...
...
309S
309HF
309CbF
309HCbF
310S
310HF
310CbF
310HCbF

...
316
316L
316LN
316H
316TiF
316CbF
316N
317

550

7
45
45
61
30
25
30
30
30
30
35
30

45
45
30G
25G
25
31
43
38
45
38
45
50
38
48
30
32
35
30
30
25
30
42
35
30
25
35
37
40
45
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30

35

310
310
420
205
170
205
205
205
205
240
205

310
310
205G
170G
170
220
295
260
310
260
310
345
260
330
205
220
240
205
205
170
205
290
240
205
170
240
255
275
310
205
205
205
205
205
205
205
205

240

Austenitic (Chromium-Nickel) (Chromium-Manganese-Nickel)

MPa

ksi

ksi

MPa

Yield Strength,B min

Tensile Strength, min

80

...

TypeA

35
35
35
40
40
40
40
40
30
35
35

30
30
30H
30
30
35
35
40
40
40
45
40
40
35
40
45
45
40
40
40
40
40
30
40
40
40
30
35
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

30E

Elongation in
2 in. or 50 mm,
min, %

TABLE 2 Mechanical Test Requirements

223
223
...
217
217
217
217
217
217
217
217

...
241
...
...
...
...
...
...
217
217
241
255
241
241
217
241
241
201
201
201
201
217
201
201
183
...
...
217
217
217
217
217
217
217
217
217
217

217

Brinell

96
96
...
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
95

100
...
...
...
...
90
...
95
100
95
100
25J
...
100
95
100
100
92
92
92
92
95
92
92
88
...
...
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
95

95

Rockwell B

Hardness, maxC

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required

not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
...
...
not required
not required
not required
...
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
...
not required
not required
...
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required
not required

not required

Cold BendD

A 240/A 240M 03a

S31200
S31260
S31803
S32001
S32003
S32101

S21600
Sheet
Plate
S21603
Sheet
Plate
S20910
Sheet
Plate
S24000
Sheet
Plate
S21400
Sheet
Strip
S21800

and Strip

and Strip

and Strip

and Strip

S31725
S31726
S31703
S31753
S32050
S32100
S32109
S32615K
S32654
S33228
S33400
S34565
S34700
S34709
S34800
S34809
S35045
S35135
Sheet and Strip
Plate
S35315
S38100
S38815
S30452
Sheet and Strip
Plate
S31050

UNS Designation

...
...
...
...
...
...
t # 0.25 in.
[6.4 mm]

...

XM-31L

XM-29L

XM-19

XM-18L

690
690
620
620
620
700

101

860
725
655

690
690

725
690

690
620

690
620

580
540

100
100
90
90
90

125
105
95

100
100

105
100

100
90

100
90

84
78

620
585

90
85

310 MoLNF
t # 0.25 in.
t > 0.25 in.
XM-17J

550
515
650
515
540

80
75
94
75
78

...
...
...
XM-15L
...
XM-21L

515
550
515
550
675
515
515
550
750
500
485
795
515
515
515
515
485

75
80
75
80
98
75
75
80
109
73
70
115
75
75
75
75
70

485
380
345

415
380

415
380

415
345

415
345

270
255

345
275

205
205
270
205
255

205
240
205
240
330
205
205
220
430
185
170
415
205
205
205
205
170

77

65
70
65
65
65

530

450
485
450
450
450

Duplex (Austenitic-Ferritic)

70
55
50

60
55

60
55

60
50

60
50

39
37

50
40

30
30
39
30
37

30
35
30
35
48
30
30
32
62
27
25
60
30
30
30
30
25

MPa

ksi

ksi

MPa

Yield Strength,B min

TABLE 2 Continued
Tensile Strength, min

317LM
317LMNF
317L
317LN
...
321
321H
...
...
...
334F
...
347
347H
348
348H
...

Type

30

25
20
25
25
25

40
40
35

40
40

30
35

40
40

40
40

25
25

30
30

30
30
40
40
30

40
40
40
40
40
40
40
25
40
30
30
35
40
40
40
40
35

Elongation in
2 in. or 50 mm,
min, %

290

293
290
293
...
293

...
...
241

241
241

241
241

241
241

241
241

217
217

241
241

...
...
217
217
...

217
223
217
217
250
217
217
...
250
217
...
241
201
201
201
201
...

Brinell

...

31J
...
31J
25J
31J

...
...
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

95
95

100
100

...
...
95
95
...

95
96
95
95
...
95
95
...
...
95
92
100
92
92
92
92
...

Rockwell B

Hardness, maxC

required
required
required
required
required

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required
required

not required

not required
...
not required
not required
not required

not required
not required
not required

not required
not required

not required
not required

not required
not required

not required
not required

not required
not required

not required
not required

not
not
not
not
not

not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

Cold BendD

A 240/A 240M 03a

...
405
409N
...
...
...
...
...
...
410
...
410S
...
...
...
...
429F
430
439
434
436
...
...

S32803
S40500
S40900N
S40910
S40920
S40930
S40945
S40975
S40977
S41000
S41003
S41008
S41045
S41050
S41500
S42035
S42900
S43000
S43035
S43400
S43600
S43932
S43940

S32205
S32304
S32520
S32550
S32750
S32760
S32900
S32906

S32950M

Type

t > 0.25 in.


[6.4 mm]
2205F
2304F
...
255F
2507F
...
329
...
t < 0.4 in.
[1.0 mm]
t $ 0.4 in.
[1.0 mm]
...

UNS Designation

800
750

116
109

600
415
380
380
380
380
415
450
450
455
415
380
415
795
550
450
450
415
450
450
415
430

87
60
55
55
55
55
60
65
65
66
60
55
60
115
80
65
65
60
65
65
60
62

690

655
600
770
760
795
750
620

95
87
112
110
116
108
90

100

650

94

485

550

650

450
400
550
550
550
550
485

450

9
25
25
25
30
40
41
30
40
30
30
30
90
55
30
30
30
35
35
30
36

72
25
170
170
170
205
275
280
205
275
205
205
205
620
380
205
205
205
240
240
205
250

500
170

Ferritic or Martensitic (Chromium)

70

80

94

65
58
80
80
80
80
70

65

MPa

ksi

ksi

MPa

Yield Strength,B min

Tensile Strength, min

TABLE 2 Continued

20
20
20
22
20
18
20
18
22O
22
22
15
16
22O
22O
22
22
22
22
18

16
20

15

25.0

25.0

25
25
25
15
15
25
15

30

Elongation in
2 in. or 50 mm,
min, %

179
179
179
...
197
180
217
223
183
...
183
302
180
183
183
183
...
...
183
180

241
179

293

310

310

293
290
310
302
310
270
269

290

Brinell

88
88
88
80
92
88
96
20J
89
80
89
32J
88
89
89
89
89
89
89
88

100
88

32J

not

not
not

not

not

180
180
180
180
180
required
180
required
180
180
180
required
required
180
180
180
180
180
180
required

not required
180

not required

not required

32J

required
required
required
required
required
required
required
not required

not
not
not
not
not
not
not

not required

Cold BendD

32J

31
32J
...
32J
32J
...
28J

...

Rockwell B

Hardness, maxC

A 240/A 240M 03a

10

...
...
XM-33L
XM-27L
...
...
...
...
...
...

TypeA

60
62
68
65
90
85
80
80
80
60

415
427
470
450
620
585
550
550
550
415

40
30
45
40
75
65
60
60
60
30

275
205
310
275
515
450
415
415
415
205

MPa

ksi

ksi

MPa

Yield Strength,B min

TABLE 2 Continued
Tensile Strength, min

20
22
20
22
20
18
20
18
20
22

Elongation in
2 in. or 50 mm,
min, %
217
...
217
187
269
241
223
255
223
...

Brinell

96
83
96
90
28J
100
20J
25J
20J
90

Rockwell B

Hardness, maxC

180
180
180
180
180
180
180
180
180
180

Cold BendD

Unless otherwise indicated, a grade designation originally assigned by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).
Yield strength shall be determined by the offset method at 0.2 % in accordance with Test Methods and Definitions A 370. Unless otherwise specified (see Specification A 480/A 480M, paragraph 4.1.11, Ordering
Information), an alternative method of determining yield strength may be based on total extension under load of 0.5 %.
C
Either Brinell or Rockwell B Hardness is permissible.
D
Bend tests are not required for chromium steels (ferritic or martensitic) thicker than 1 in. [25 mm] or for any austenitic or duplex (austenitic-ferritic) stainless steels regardless of thickness.
E
Elongation for thickness, less than 0.015 in. (0.38 mm) shall be 20 % minimum, in 1 in. (25.4 mm).
F
Common name, not a trademark, widely used, not associated with any one producer.
G
Yield strength requirements shall not apply to material under 0.020 in [0.50 mm] in thickness.
H
Not applicable for thicknesses under 0.010 in. [0.25 mm].
I
Type 201 is generally produced with a chemical composition balanced for rich side (Type 201-1) or lean side (Type 201-2) austenite stability depending on the properties required for specific applications.
J
Rockwell C scale.
K
For S32615, the grain size as determined in accordance with the Test Methods E 112, Comparison Method, Plate II, shall be No. 3 or finer.
L
Naming system developed and applied by ASTM.
M
Prior to Specification A 240 89b, the tensile value for S32950 was 90 ksi.
N
S40900 (Type 409) has been replaced by S40910, S40920, and S40930. Unless otherwise specified in the ordering information, an order specifying S40900 or Type 409 shall be satisfied by any one of S40910,
S40920, or S40930 at the option of the seller. Material meeting the requirements of S40910, S40920, or S40930, may at the option of the manufacturer be certified as S40900.
O
Material 0.050 in (1.27 mm) and under in thickness shall have a minimum elongation of 20 %.

S44400
S44500
S44626
S44627
S44635
S44660
S44700
S44735
S44800
S46800

UNS Designation

A 240/A 240M 03a

A 240/A 240M 03a

SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS
A supplementary requirement shall apply only when specified in the purchase order.
S1. Charpy Impact Testing of Plate
S1.1 Charpy impact tests shall be conducted in accordance
with Test Methods and Definitions A 370.
S1.2 Number of TestsOne impact test (3 specimens) shall
be made from one plate per heat treatment lot in the final heat
treated condition.
S1.3 Orientation of Test SpecimensUnless specified as
transverse specimens (long axis of the specimen transverse to
the final rolling direction, root of the notch perpendicular to the
rolling face) on the purchase order, the orientation of the
specimens shall be longitudinal (long axis of the specimen
parallel to the final rolling direction, root of the notch perpendicular to the rolling face). The manufacturer is permitted to
test transverse specimens provided that such tests meet the
acceptance criteria applicable to longitudinal specimens. Unless otherwise specified on the purchase order, the specimens
shall be taken so as to include the mid-thickness of the product.
S1.4 Test TemperatureThe purchaser shall specify the
test temperature. The manufacturer is permitted to test specimens at a temperature lower than that specified by the
purchaser, provided that such tests shall meet the acceptance
criteria applicable to specimens tested at the specified temperature (see Note ).

steel covered. It may be economical for the Charpy impact tests performed
on duplex stainless steels covered in both Specification A 240 and Test
Methods A 923 to be performed at the lower of the temperatures specified
by this supplementary requirement and Test Methods A 923 Method B,
with measurement of both lateral expansion and impact energy.

S1.5 Acceptance Limit Unless otherwise specified on the


purchase order, each of the three specimens tested shall show
a lateral expansion opposite the notch of not less than 0.015 in.
[0.38 mm].
S1.6 RecordsThe recorded results shall include the
specimen orientation, specimen size, test temperature, absorbed energy values (if required), and lateral expansion
opposite the notch.
S2. Materials for High-Temperature Service
S2.1 Unless an H grade has been ordered, this supplementary requirement shall be specified for ASME Code applications for service above 1000F [540C].
S2.2 The user is permitted to use an austenitic stainless
steel as the corresponding H grade when the material meets all
requirements of the H grade including chemistry, annealing
temperature, and grain size (see Section 6).
S2.3 The user is permitted to use an L grade austenitic
stainless steel for service above 1000F [540C], subject to the
applicable allowable stress table of the ASME Code, when the
material meets all requirements of this specification and the
grain size is ASTM No. 7 or coarser as determined in
accordance with Test Method E 112. The grain size shall be
reported on a Certified Test Report.

NOTE Test Methods A 923, Method B, applicable to some duplex


(austenitic-ferritic) stainless steels as listed in Test Methods A 923, uses a
Charpy impact test for the purpose of determining the absence of
detrimental intermetallic phases. Method B specifies a test temperature
and acceptance criterion, expressed as impact energy, for each type of

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
This section identifies the location of selected changes to this standard that have been incorporated since the
A 240/A 240-03 issue. For the convenience of the user, Committee A01 has highlighted those changes that
impact the use of this standard. This section may also include descriptions of changes or reasons for changes,
or both.
(1) Added UNS S32906 to Tables 1 and 2.

(2) Added UNS S32101 to Tables 1 and 2.

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