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TutorialIECShortCircuitAnalysis

Inthistutorial,youwillbeshownhowtouseseveralofEasyPowersIECshortcircuitanalysisfeatures.

IECOption
TorunIECshortcircuitanalysis,youmustsettheIECoption.
1.FromtheFilemenu,clickOpenFile.
Tip:IfyouareviewingtheStartPage,youcanclickOpenOnelineinstead.
2.OpentheSimple.dezileinyourSamplesdirectory.
3.Click

Maximizeontheonelinewindow,ifneeded,toillthesessionwindowwiththeoneline.

4.ClickTools,click

Options,andthenclicktheSystemtab.Selectthefollowing:

Frequency:50or60Hertz.
SCCalculationMethod:SetthistoIEC.
Units:YoucanchangethistoMetric(optional).
Symbols:YoucansetthistoIEC(optional).
ClickOKtosaveyourchanges.
5.ClicktheHometabandthenclick

ShortCircuit.

CalculatingFaultCurrents
DoubleclickonBUS3.Thebuscolorchangestolightblueanddisplaysfaultcurrentsinsymmetricalkiloamps.Asshownin
theigurebelow,themotorcontributes1.139kAandthecable,4.734kAtothefault.Thetotalbusfaultcurrent,shownata
fortyivedegreeangle,is5.873kA.

Figure1:MomentaryShortCircuitFault
ThereareseveraldifferentmethodstofaultbuseswhileintheShortCircuitfocus:
Doubleclickonabus.
Selectabusormultiplebuses(sotheyturngreen)andclick

FaultBus(es).

Note:Toselectasinglebus,clickonit.Toselectmultiplebuses,clickoneachbuswhileholdingdownthe
SHIFTkey.
Click

FaultBus(es)withoutselectinganybuses.Thisrunsabatchfaultonallthebusesinyoursystem.

ChangingtheIECStandardTimeInterval
ThefollowingcurrentscanbecalculatedinEasyPower:
Initial(Momentary)current:Thisistheirstcyclecurrent.Todisplayresultsforthiscurrentclick
theShortCircuittab.

Momentaryin

Breakingcurrentsfor0.02seconds,0.05seconds,0.1secondsand>0.25seconds:Todisplaythesevalues,selectthe
correspondingbuttonsintheShortCircuittab.

Figure2:IECShortCircuitTabIntervals
Youcanviewupto3typesoffaultcurrentvaluesbytimeinterval.Youcanalsoviewfaultcurrentsinvariousforms,suchas
byphasecurrentvalues(A,B,C)ortheirsymmetricalcomponentvalues(positivesequence,negativesequenceor3times
thezerosequence).Intheigurebelow,noticethemotorcurrentcontributiondecayswiththetimeintervalsmomentary,
0.05,and>0.25selected.

Figure3:Initial,0.05sand>0.25sCurrents

UnsymmetricalFaults
Thecurrentscalculatedtothispointhavebeen3phasefaultcurrents.EasyPoweralsocalculatesunsymmetricalfaults.
Accordingtoconvention,singlelinetogroundfaultcalculationsassumetheAphaseisfaulted.Fordoublelinetoground
andlinetolinefaults,theconventionistofaultphasesBandC.

SingleLinetoGroundFaults
1.Click
LinetoGround.Thegreendotrepresentsgroundfault.Whenthisbuttonisselected,allsubsequentfaults
willbesinglelinetogroundfaults.
2.Click
Momentary.Thecurrentswillshowzero(seeigurebelow).Thisisbecausethetransformer(deltadelta
connectiontype)andmotorarenotgrounded.Bydefault,EasyPowerdisplaysAphasecurrents.


3.Figure4:SingleLinetoGroundFault

DoubleLinetoGroundFaults
1.Click

DoubleLinetoGround.Thegreendotsrepresentsgroundfault.

2.Amessagewillappear.AnswerYestofaulttheBphaselineratherthantheAphase.Allfaultswillnowbedouble
linetogroundfaults.
3.DoubleclickonBUS3again.TheBphasedoublelinetogroundfaultcurrentsaredisplayed(seeigurebelow).

Figure5:DoubleLinetoGroundFault

LinetoLineFaults
1.Click

LinetoLine.Yellowdotsrepresentphasefaults.Faultsarenowlinetolinefaults.

2.TheprogramdisplaystheBphaselinetolinefaultcurrents(seeigurebelow).

Figure6:LinetoLineFault

TextReports

TextReports
1.Select

SCTextReports.

2.ClicktheTextOutputtab,ensuretheCreateShortCircuitReportcheckboxisselected,andthenclickOK.
3.Click

3Phase.Thisreturnsyouto3phasefaultcalculations.

4.Click
FaultBus(es).Atextreportwindowiscreated.YoucanviewthisreporteitherbyselectingIECShort
CircuitReportfor(drive):\..\simple.dez(Basecase)fromtheWindowbuttonorbydoubleclickingonthe
windowiconcreatedinthelowerleftcorner.Yourtextreportwilllooksimilartothatintheigurebelow.

Figure7:ShortCircuitTextReport
5.YoucanreturntotheonelinebyselectingSimple.dezfromtheWindowbutton.

OtherOptions
IntheShortCircuittab,click

SCOptions,andthenclicktheOnelineOutputtab.

Inthisdialogbox(shownbelow)youcanalsospecifyAsymmetricalfaultcurrentsorSymmetricalandPeakcurrentstobe
displayedontheoneline.YoucanalsoshowfaultcurrentsinPerUnitorMVAunits,anddisplaytheunits.

Figure8:ShortCircuitOnelineOutputDialogBox.

Conclusion
ThishasbeenabriefoverviewofEasyPowersshortcircuitanalysisprogram.TheEasyPowerHelptopicscoverthisand
otherfeaturesingreaterdepth.ToopenHelp,click

HelpintheupperrightcorneroftheEasyPowerwindoworpressF1.