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46 The ASME vessel codes

Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment


4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III
Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components
IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII
Rules for construction of pressure vessels
IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,

material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive


code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut
horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.
Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.
Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working

UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.
Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202
See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11
Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent

UCL-52 working (design) pressure.


Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101
ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be

en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of
ASME vessel codes

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment


4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III
Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components
IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII

Rules for construction of pressure vessels


IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,
material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive
code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut
horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.
Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.

Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working
UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.
Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202
See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11

Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent
UCL-52 working (design) pressure.
Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101

ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be
en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of
ASME vessel codes

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment


4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III

Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components


IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII
Rules for construction of pressure vessels
IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,
material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive
code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut

horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.


Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.
Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working
UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.

Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202


See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11
Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent
UCL-52 working (design) pressure.
Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG-

90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101
ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be
en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

ASME vessel codes


Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III
Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components
IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII
Rules for construction of pressure vessels
IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,

material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive


code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut
horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.
Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.
Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working

UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.
Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202
See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11
Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent

UCL-52 working (design) pressure.


Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101
ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be

en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of
ASME vessel codes

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment


4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III
Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components
IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII

Rules for construction of pressure vessels


IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,
material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive
code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut
horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.
Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.

Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working
UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.
Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202
See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11

Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent
UCL-52 working (design) pressure.
Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101

ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be
en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of
ASME vessel codes

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment


4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III

Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components


IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII
Rules for construction of pressure vessels
IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,
material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive
code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut

horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.


Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.
Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working
UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.

Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202


See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11
Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent
UCL-52 working (design) pressure.
Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG-

90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101
ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be
en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

ASME vessel codes


Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III
Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components
IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII
Rules for construction of pressure vessels
IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,

material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive


code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut
horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.
Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.
Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working

UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.
Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202
See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11
Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent

UCL-52 working (design) pressure.


Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101
ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be

en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of
ASME vessel codes

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment


4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III
Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components
IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII

Rules for construction of pressure vessels


IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,
material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive
code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut
horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.
Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.

Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working
UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.
Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202
See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11

Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent
UCL-52 working (design) pressure.
Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101

ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be
en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of
ASME vessel codes

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment


4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III

Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components


IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII
Rules for construction of pressure vessels
IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,
material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive
code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut

horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.


Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.
Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working
UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.

Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202


See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11
Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent
UCL-52 working (design) pressure.
Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG-

90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101
ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be
en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

ASME vessel codes


Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III
Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components
IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII
Rules for construction of pressure vessels
IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,

material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive


code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut
horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.
Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.
Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working

UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.
Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202
See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11
Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent

UCL-52 working (design) pressure.


Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101
ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be

en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of
ASME vessel codes

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment


4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III
Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components
IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII

Rules for construction of pressure vessels


IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,
material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive
code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut
horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.
Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.

Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working
UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.
Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202
See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11

Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent
UCL-52 working (design) pressure.
Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101

ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be
en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of
ASME vessel codes

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment


4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III

Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components


IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII
Rules for construction of pressure vessels
IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,
material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive
code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut

horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.


Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.
Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working
UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.

Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202


See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11
Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent
UCL-52 working (design) pressure.
Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG-

90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101
ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be
en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

ASME vessel codes


Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III
Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components
IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII
Rules for construction of pressure vessels
IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,

material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive


code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut
horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.
Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.
Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working

UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.
Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202
See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11
Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent

UCL-52 working (design) pressure.


Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101
ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be

en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of
ASME vessel codes

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment


4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III
Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components
IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII

Rules for construction of pressure vessels


IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,
material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive
code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut
horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.
Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.

Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working
UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.
Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202
See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11

Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent
UCL-52 working (design) pressure.
Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101

ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be
en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of
ASME vessel codes

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment


4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III

Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components


IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII
Rules for construction of pressure vessels
IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,
material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive
code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut

horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.


Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.
Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working
UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.

Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202


See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11
Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent
UCL-52 working (design) pressure.
Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG-

90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101
ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be
en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.46 The

ASME vessel codes


Last Updated on Sat, 12 Nov 2011 | Pressure Equipment
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
4.6.1 Summary
The ASME code comprises the following sections: ASME Section
I
Rules for construction of power boilers
II
Material specifications
III
Rules for construction of nuclear power plant components
IV
Rules for construction of heating boilers
V
Non-destructive examination (NDE)
VI
Rules for care and operation of heating boilers
VII
Rules for care of power boilers
VIII
Rules for construction of pressure vessels
IX
Welding and brazing qualifications
X
Fibre-reinforced plastic pressure vessels
XI
Rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant components
ASME VIII
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII is an accepted code used
in the USA and many other parts of the world. It provides a thorough and basic r
eference for the design of pressure vessels and heat exchangers covering design,

material selection, fabrication, inspection, and testing. Being a comprehensive


code, ASME VIII is complicated and until you become familiar with its structure
and principles, can be difficult to follow. Table 4.6 gives an outline summary.
Figure 4.3 shows a quick reference guide to the major technical aspects of an A
SME VIII vessel.
Table 4.6 ASME VIII - A summary
Information you need
How to find it in ASME Section VIII
1 Responsibilities
Part UG-90 lists 19 responsibilities of the manufacturer and 14 responsibilities
of the Authorized Inspector (AI).
Certification
For vessels to carry the ASME 'stamp' they must be constructed and inspected ful
ly in compliance with the code. The manufacturer must have a 'Certificate of Aut
horization'. Parts UG-115-120 specify marking and certification requirements.
Manufacturer/purchaser
Although such agreements are inferred, there
agreement
is no explicit list of 'agreement items'.
2 Vessel design
There are two 'divisions of vessel', Div 1 and Div 2. Most vessels will qualify
under Div 1.
Construction categories
Div 2 is for specialized vessels with restricted materials and onerous testing r
equirements.
Joint efficiencies
UW-12
Joint types
Part UW-3 defines category A, B, C, D welded joints, which have different NDT re
quirements.
Design features
Figures UW-12, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.1 show typical acceptable (and some unacceptab
le) welded joints. Most of the information is for guidance, rather than being ma
ndatory.
Design pressure
UG-19, UG-21
Max allowable working

UG-98
pressure
Design temperature
UG-19, UG-20
Permissible materials
4 Manufacture, inspection, and testing
Material identification
Part UG-4 references materials specified in ASME Section II.
Part UG-10 allows alternative, or incompletely specified, material to be recerti
fied.
Typical specified materials are: ASTM SA-202
See ASME Summary
VIII part_
UG-94
NDT of parent material UG-93(d)
Assembly tolerances
Welder approvals Production test plates Extent of weld NDT
NDT techniques
UG-80 and UW-33
UG-84 UW-11
Material for pressure parts must be certificated and marked. This infers traceab
ility. Visual examination is inferred. DP/MPI is only mandatory for certain mate
rial thickness and applications.
Circularity (out-of-roundness) and alignment tolerances are closely specified. W
PS, PQR, and welder qualifications are required. Test plates are required under
the conditions set out in UG-84. UW-11 gives priority to RT techniques. UT is pe
rmitted in certain exceptional cases. ASME Section V techniques are specified.
Defect acceptance criteria UW-51, 52 UW-51 gives acceptance criteria for 100 per
cent RT testing.
Repairs UG-78, UW- UW-52 gives acceptance
Pressure testing UW-50, A witnessed test is required.
UG-99, UG-99(b) specifies a test
UCI-99, pressure of 150 per cent

UCL-52 working (design) pressure.


Table 4.6 Cont.
Documentation package
UG-115 to
Marking and documentation
120
requirements are mandatory for
full code compliance.
Inspection
UG90 to
UG97
Quality control systems
Appendix 10,
UW-26
Proof tests
UG-101
ASME VIII is divided into the Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 (VIII-1) covers norm
al vessels. Division 2 (VIII-2) covers alternative rules for pressure vessels an
d is used for various types of special applications, including nuclear. Although
VIII-2 was recently formally withdrawn, it is still used by many manufacturers.
Both are structured into a large number of paragraphs designated by reference l
etters, e.g. UG-22.
ASME VIII is written against a well-defined, theoretical background which is sim
ilar, but not identical, to that used for other pressure vessel codes. This theo
retical background is reflected in the design rules that apply to all the compon
ents of pressure vessels and the way in which size, shape, and material choices
are made. Many design rules in VIII-1 and VIII-2 are similar and the important o
nes are summarized in the Appendices of the codes as:
Mandatory appendices - These are design rules that have been well substantiated
over time.
Non-mandatory appendices - These are in a 'trial period' waiting to be transferr
ed to the mandatory appendices once their safety and practicality in use have be

en validated.
The content of ASME Section VIII is organized to cover the following main design
topics:
allowable stresses and joint efficiencies;
cylindrical shells under internal and external load;
flat plates, covers, and flanges;
vessel openings;
heat exchangers.
The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some of
onstruction which are provided under section VIII,
to furnish direct reference to the applicable rule
a discrepancy, the rules in the current edition of

the types of presure vessel c


Division 1, of the ASME code
in the code. In the event of
the code shall govern.