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SOFTWARE

Usfos for Progressive Collapse Analysis


Overview and Some Basics
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2 July, 2014

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Usfos Applications

Accidental Damages

Extreme environmental loads

Fire

Collision

Pushover Analysis

Member Importance Analysis

Dropped Objects

Explosion

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2 July, 2014

Usfos- Formulation
Key Features

Crack

Non-Linear Geometry
Material Non-Linearity (Plastic Hinges)
Load Scaling
Buckling/ Local Buckling/ Damaged Members
Effect of initial deformation
Member rupture and redistribution of Forces
Hydrodynamic loads
Joint capacity checks available
Pile modeling and soil data
Grouted Members/ Joints

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2 July, 2014

Usfos- Basics
Linear (normal) codes have limitations.
(strictly made for brittle,infinite rigid structures)
Linear codes cannot describe ductility (metal)

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2 July, 2014

Usfos- Basics
Global Load VS Global Displacement

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Finite Elements
2 noded beam element
BEAM
1 node Spring to Ground
SPRNG2GR

PIPE

2 noded Spring

BAR

BOX

Create Beam Element


In MREF command, refer to the beam element
4 noded Membrane element
MEMBRANE
4 noded Shell element

I/H

QUADSHELL
3 noded Shell element
TRISHELL
Non Structural Element (NONSTRU)

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2 July, 2014

GENERAL

Theoretical Approach
PLASTIC HINGE

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2 July, 2014

Modelling in Usfos
Model from Linear Structural Analysis
If Changes needed in the model
Convert to UFO format

Avoid dummy members


Could make equation system singular

Use Coarse Mesh


One element per physical member
Plastic Hinge Detection at ends & middle

Avoid Joint eccentricities (Gaps OK)


Checking the model
Run Eigenvalue Analysis
Dead weight loadcase
Compare reactions (e.g. in GeniE) vs Usfos
Compare Stress level

DNV GL 2014

2 July, 2014

Joint Connection
Resistance Elements
are Automatically
inserted.

Usfos- Loads & Analysis


Load is incremented in steps
Use large load steps in linear elastic range (Gravity)
Stiffness of the structure updated after each step
Plastic Hinges are detected in each step
Local Buckling
Load is scaled automatically beyond Yield
Excessive unloading in successive steps
Scale down the load

Select node for higher displacement


Check for membrane action if dominated
Use Strain level check

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2 July, 2014

Collapse Load
Load Displacement Diagram
2 elements used
Load applied is equally on both elements 2e5 N/m

Element 1 Fractured due to


excessive straining

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2 July, 2014

Basic Examples
Cantilever with distributed Load
2 elements used
Load applied is equally on both elements 2e5 N/m

**** Compare Capacity with Clamped Beam


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2 July, 2014

Basic Examples
Simply Supported Beam with distributed Load
2 elements used
Load applied is equal on both elements 2e5 N/m

Displacement Scaling used


DNV GL 2014

2 July, 2014

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DNV GL 2014

2 July, 2014