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Multiple Choice

Circle the letter of the best answer for each question.


1. Which of the following is found in a plant cell but NOT found in an animal cell:
a) Mitochondria
b) Nucleus
c) Cell Wall
d) Plasma Membrane
(1 Mark)

2. What is the structure labeled X in the diagram of a plant cell?


a) Mitochondria
b) Nucleus
c) Plasma Membrane
d) Cell Wall

(1 Mark)

Short Answer Questions


3. Emma and Kat were training for their school sports day carnival for the 800m
run. Emma always thought she was fitter than Kat, while Kat always thought she
was fitter than Emma so they decided to conduct an experiment to see who was
fitter.
Both Emma and Kat wore heart rate monitors and recorded their heart rate at
rest before running 800m, immediately after exercise and then every 30 seconds
after exercise for 3 minutes. Emmas recordings were 70, 182, 178, 170, 150,
130, 115, 100 bpm. Kats recordings were 77, 185, 180, 176, 170, 160, 150, 140.
Using the data above, set out a table to compare Emma and Kats heart rate.
Make sure to include title and units of measurement.

(6 marks)

4. Emma showed Kat the data table with the recordings and tried to convince Kat
that Emma was in fact the fitter athlete, but Kat had trouble seeing why just by
looking at the table.
a) Using the data from question 4, graph the data on the paper below. Make
sure you use labels and title and include a line of best fit.

b) Explain who is fitter between Emma and Kat by referring to the graph above.

(10 marks)
5. Sally is about to compete at her schools sports day carnival in the 1500m race.
She wants to break the school record of 4 minutes and 30 seconds.
a) Convert 4 minutes and 30 seconds into seconds.

b) Calculate how fast, in meters/second, Sally will have to run to equal the
school record.

c) If Sally wanted to run 10 seconds faster than the school record, how much
faster would she have to run?

d) Calculate the time, in minutes, Sally would take to complete the 1500m race
if she were to run at 4m/s.

(7 marks)

Long Answer Question


6. Charles Darwins theory of evolution is best explained using the study on
Galapagos ground finches and their beak type. Explain Darwins theory of
evolution in relation to Galapagos ground finches making sure to explain what
adaptations occurred, why those adaptations occurred and how they occurred.

(10 marks)

Answers

Multiple Choice

Circle the letter of the best answer for each question.


1. Which of the following is found in a plant cell but NOT found in an animal cell:
a) Mitochondria
b) Nucleus
c) Cell Wall
d) Plasma Membrane
(1 mark)

2. What is the structure X in the diagram of a plant cell?


a) Mitochondria
b) Nucleus
c) Plasma Membrane
d) Cell Wall

(1 mark)
Mark Breakdown:
1 mark for correct answer circled
Total = 2 marks

Table
3. Emma and Kat were training for their school sports day carnival for the 800m
run. Emma always thought she was fitter than Kat, while Kat always thought she
was fitter than Emma so they decided to conduct an experiment to see who was
fitter. Both Emma and Kat wore heart rate monitors and recorded their heart rate
at rest before running 800m, immediately after exercise and then every 30
seconds after exercise for 3 minutes. Emmas recordings were 70, 182, 178, 170,
150, 130, 115, 100 bpm. Kats recordings were 77, 185, 180, 176, 170, 160, 150,
140. It took both Emma and Kat 3 minutes to run 800m.
Using the data above, set out a table to compare Emma and Kats heart rate.
Make sure to include title and units of measurement.
(5 marks)
Heart
rate (bpm)
Time (mins) (1.5 mark)
0
3
3.30
4
4.30
5
5.30
6 (1 mark)

Emma
70
182
178
170
150
130
115
100

(1.5 mark)
Kat
(1 mark)
77
185
180
176
170
160
150
140 (1 mark)

Mark Breakdown:
3 marks for correctly labelled rows and columns (1 mark for each)
mark for correctly labelled units (1/2 for each)
1 mark for correctly set out data
Total = 6 marks
4. Emma showed Kat the data table with the recordings and tried to convince Kat
that Emma was in fact the fitter athlete, but Kat had trouble seeing why just by
looking at the table.
a) Use the data from question 4 to make a graph and explain who is more fit
between Emma and Kat by referring to the graph.

Emma
Kat

b) Explain who is fitter between Emma and Kat by referring to the graph above.
- Emma has appeared to be fitter
- Emmas heart rate decreases quicker after exercise compared to Kats

Mark Breakdown:
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2

mark for title


mark for regular increments (1/2 mark for each axis)
mark for line of best fit (1/2 mark for each)
mark for points plotted accurately
Axes labels (1/2 mark for each)
mark for axes units (1/2 mark each)
mark for correct graph
mark for correct axes
marks for explanation

Total = 10 marks

5. Sally is about to compete at her schools sports day carnival in the 1500m race.
She wants to break the school record of 4 minutes and 30 seconds.
a) Convert 4 minutes and 30 seconds into seconds.
4.3 x 60
4.3 minutes = 270 seconds
b) Calculate how fast, in meters/second, Sally will have to run to equal the
school record.
Average speed = distance/time

Average speed = 1500/270


= 5.56m/s
c) If Sally wanted to run 10 seconds faster than the school record, how much
faster would she have to run?
1500/260
= 5.77m/s
She would have to run .21m/s faster
d) Calculate the time, in minutes, Sally would take to complete the 1500m race
if she were to run at 4m/s.
Time = distance/speed
1500/4
= 375 seconds
= 6 minutes and 25 seconds

Mark Breakdown:
1 mark for calculations for each question
1 mark for correct answer for each question
Total = 8 marks

Long Answer Question


6. Charles Darwins theory of evolution is best explained using the study on
Galapagos ground finches and their beak type. Explain Darwins theory of
evolution in relation to Galapagos ground finches making sure to explain what
adaptations occurred, why those adaptations occurred and how they occurred.

Mark breakdown:
1 mark for acknowledging beak adaptation did not occur during single finchs
lifetime
1 mark for acknowledging beak adaptation based on genetics
1 mark for acknowledging beak adaptation occurs due to selective pressure
1 mark for talking about the environment being the selective pressure
1 mark for talking about how there are different selective pressures in different
environments
1 mark for acknowledging beak changes occur because of variation in offspring
through sexual reproduction/mutation
1 mark for talking about survival of the fittest in relation to prominent beak types

1 mark for talking about natural selection


1 mark for talking about finches with best beak for the environment will have higher
numbers in that environment
1 mark for overall readability of answer
Total = 10 marks