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500 word Summary

One Tree Hill is a teen-driven drama that first aired September 23, 2002 up until April 4,
2012. While following nine seasons this show sets in a fictional small town of Tree Hill, NC
other known as Wilmington, NC. One Tree Hill tells the story of two half brothers that shared
nothing but a last name. They find hatred towards each other once Lucas is recruited by Tree Hill
high school's basketball coach leaving Nathan infuriated. Dan Scott; father of the two boys and
past college ball player has managed to keep both brothers as far away from each other as
possible up until this point. As the show goes on both boys find themselves pursuing the same
girl, Peyton Sawyer; the pretty, popular high school cheerleader. Peyton had been in a long
relationship with Nathan before knowing about Lucas. Peyton has a bestfriend named Brooke
Davis who is known as the school slut. She loved attention, especially from the boys. Brooke
becomes involved when she hooks up with Nathan at a party, leaving Peyton embarrassed and
betrayed by her best friend. Brooke was the popular cheerleader, she was pretty and rich. Her
parents gave her everything she wanted since they were hardly ever around and Brooke did
whatever she pleased. With the absence of her parents this caused Brooke to seek attention
elsewhere. Whether this is flirting with every boy, or being the new school drama, Brooke is
always involved in things she shouldn't be involved in. Brooke did not have the best grades, nor
did she try in school, she partied all the time and engaged in shopping every chance she got. Her
parents gave her money when she needed it and that was basically it. As the show went on and
Brooke grew older she realized how much she resented her parents for not being more apart of
her life and decided she wanted to make something of herself. She started designing her own
clothes and after college her line blew up. She became a well known fashion designer and gained
respect in the fashion world.
The parenting styles Brooke's parents incorporated into her childhood can further
examine how detrimental structure is in a child's development. The absence of structure in
Brooke's life was the reason she did bad in school, was the school slut, and had no concern for
anyone but herself. The independence she gained was a reason she was able to find herself and
figure out what she really wanted since her parents could care less. Children deserve
independence just as much as structure and this is why both play key roles in a child's life.
Without these key roles children forget the importance of responsibility, and are deprived of the
freedom that allows children to become who they want to be.
Mark Schwahn; creator of One Tree Hill went to LA after college to pitch the script to
FOX, NBC and ABC but was turned down. The show wasn't big enough for those networks. His
last attempt was with The WB and instantly they ordered for Pilot. The show was very
unpredictable and was never sure about another season yet the show went on for nine seasons.
Finally coming to an end in 2012 Mark Schwahn and the directors decided it was the right time

to end the show. With cast members leaving and wanting to do other things One Tree Hill finally
came to an end.
Interview questions
Elizabeth Hefron
1. How do you think Brookes parents affected her throughout high school?
- I think that Brooke's parents had a negative influence on her in highschool at first, but she
chose to turn that into something positive. Brooke felt neglected and unwanted towards
the beginning of the show which resulted in her sleeping around getting that attention and
nurture from someone since her parents were not giving it to her. As brooke grew older
she turned the yearn for attention into becoming famous and successful.
2. What did you like or not like about Brooke as a character in One Tree Hill, why?
- I loved how Brooke was always so confident and never relied on anyone else but herself.
I think she did this because her parents were never there for her so she realized that it was
up to her to make decisions for herself and not rely on anyone else.
3. Explain how you think the series portrayed parenting differently compared to
parenting in the real world?
- I think that it was unrealistic but I do not think it was impossible. Growing up I had a
friend who never had parents around her mother would travel for months and her father
was not in the picture. So it is possible, however it is unlikely that a parent leaves a child
to find for themselves all throughout high school
4. What do you think made Brooke so successful after being the girl who didn't care
about school and cared more about what she looked like and what people thought?
- I think that Brooke realized there is more to life than looks and what boys she got. I
believe that eventually it just got old for her and she realized she was better than that. She
knew she loved fashion and she was a very determined person who did not give up on her
5. Describe your opinion on her parents giving her complete freedom, do you think it
was good or bad she had so much independence and why?
- I think it was bad because a child deserves to have some structure as they grow up.
Brookes parents got lucky because Brooke had a plan to be successful and some kids
living in her situation may have not had the same idea. I think that in most situations kids
with all the freedom take things too far ultimately getting themselves in trouble.
Ceara Mckegney
1. How do you think Brookes parents affected her throughout high school?





They were never really there for her throughout her high school. She was always left
alone and had to figure things out by herself. She did not have much support and care for
her. Somehow this made her who she is, she is someone who is very independent and
does not like to ask for help.
What did you like or not like about Brooke as a character in One Tree Hill, why?
I liked how Brooke was always very caring for everyone else and how she always wanted
to help others. She always wanted to do good for others. One thing that I did not love
about Brooke is she always started drama with others and would do anything for
Explain how you think the series portrayed parenting differently compared to
parenting in the real world?
The series explained parenting differently because every character in the show was raised
in a very different family. There was never really that ideal american family with the
wife, husband and children. Each character had a family that was not like your typical
american family.
What do you think made Brooke so successful after being the girl who didn't care
about school and cared more about what she looked like and what people thought?
I think she became so successful because even throughout high school if she had a goal or
dream she would always put her mind to it, she just was not big on school work and
homework. I think she wanted to show people what she could do and how she can
succeed because they all thought she couldnt do it.
Describe your opinion on her parents giving her complete freedom, do you think it
was good or bad she had so much independence and why?
I think it made her have to grow up faster and mature faster than others, she would fend
for herself most of the time and do as she pleased but I think she became more
independent also, I think the independance helped her to figure out what she wanted but
the issue of having little structure defiantely took a toll on Brooke.

Things that stood out Brooke does whatever she wants when she wants.
Her parents give her money and nice things because they are never around and feel bad.
She seeks attentions elsewhere since her parents don't give her any.
She realized how her parents made her feel and decided she wanted to make something of
herself and designed a clothing line.

Forcing independance caused her to find herself.

The show changes the view on parenting.
Search terms Parents exchange of money for absence
How the media portrays parenting vs in real life
Free range parenting
A parent's perspective on raising teens
Turning around anger and hurt for success
Independence good or bad?
How much structure should teens have
Does media affect children
Difference in teens with discipline vs teens without
Parenting styles

Parenting in the media versus reality

Free range parenting

A parent's perspective

Children without discipline

Independance for kids

Structure for kids

Too much tv

Parenting styles

IV. Proposal
I was about seven or eight years old sitting in a restaurant with my family, we were all
eating and having a conversation when I hear this baby crying in his carseat in the booth next to us.
The mother of that child did not even do anything to hush the crying baby and left him crying on
his own, it broke my heart. Seeing parents who completely neglect and ignore their kids breaks my
heart and makes me angry at the parents. I have always had the type of parents to tell me what was
right or wrong and was always there for me, without them I would not be who I am today. Parents
have so much of an impact on children nowadays especially in their childhood that is crucial during
their development into an adult. My good friend lacked parents growing up, similar to Brooke, she
was always provided money and whatever she needed except her parents. She did learn how to be
independent and do things on herself which is why I think she is so strong and will make it in the
real world but she lacks responsibility and reliability and sometimes does not know the difference
between what is a truth and what is a lie.
I intend to research how adamant the role of parents are in a child's development and the
types of parenting that are accurate.. Throughout my studies I have observed that many researchers
have agreed that structure is key for children and even some children themselves have agreed to
this study. As I researched more about Child development and the role of parenting I came across

how giving a child independence is important as well. I think both these different aspects of
parenting are equally critical during childhood and both have key points.

Literature Review
One Tree Hills character Brooke Davis provides us with key examples of children
affected by inadequate parenting while resulting in a positive effect from Brookes negligent
parents. Hands on and Hands off parenting styles are both completely different in so many ways.
Some parents are all for hands on and some are completely hands off. In the realization both are
completely equal and very essential. Children need structure and guidance just as much as they
need independance while growing up. Brooke learned independance but lacked structure that
was visible for all viewers.
Powell (2012) and Pao (2015) argue the importance of discipline and the affects it has on
teenagers as they are growing up. Structure and discipline are not only beneficial in a child's
development, but teens have agreed they believe structure has helped them throughout their life.
Holding a child accountable for their actions not only prepares them for future task but teaches
responsibility. As they agree they also differ Powell suggest discipline and guidance is essential
in order for their children to become successful. It is a pivotal role as a parent. Pao explains how
surveys have concluded both children and adults agree discipline has helped them prepare for the
Author and self-proclaimed renegade parent Heather Shumaker (2016) explains how
independence is key and encourages renegade parenting, a parenting style that many parents
don't like to discus. Independence helps a child to gain first hand knowledge, enhances self
esteem, prepares them to handle stress, and allows them to choose what makes them happy.
Being independent is not allowing leniency but encouraging children to figure themselves out
without the influence from their parents. Many parents get uncomfortable with this type of
parenting and choose to look the other way. Parenting Taboos described by Rufus Griscom and
Alisa Volkmann's Ted talk (2010) discuss scenarios from parenting that should never be talked
about. Parenting is not something that should be criticized but in today's world it very much is.
Parenting in the media is portrayed differently than in real life. Are kids watching too
much television that may alter their view of how something should be, causing them to act out?
In tv shows directors do whatever gets the most views, wanting the viewer to connect with a
character in order to continue watching. Conflict is key for an audience but are these conflicts
unrealistic? Does Brookes lifestyle create kids to think differently about their households?
(Weldon 2016; Holmes 2015).
Deciding when to discipline versus to be lenient is a struggle parents face today.. The
collapse of parenting (2016) compares the issue with parents wanting to be a friend rather than

a parent. Making a point to give children choices in some domains but not in others but
supporting them while still guiding them. Parents are there for guidance and support and without
these aspects children suffer. Keltner (2013) kids with Supportive parents had mean GPAs of
3.4, and kids with Tiger parents (strict parents) had a 3.0. That's a huge gap.

Works cited pageStaff, N. (2016). To rebuild the collapse of parenting, its going to be A challenge.
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Weldon, G. (2016). How the Americans solved the eternal TV problem of the surly teen. Retrieved
September 8, 2016, from,
Shumaker, H. (2016). Parenting pitfalls: Renegades, privilege and putting on the boxing gloves.
Retrieved September 8, 2016, from,
Rufus Griscom And Alisa Volkman (2010). Lets talk parenting taboos. Retrieved September 8, 2016,
Keltner, K. W. (2013). Children of tiger style parenting May Struggle more. Retrieved
September 14, 2016, from,
Micheal Martin. (2011). Independence for kids: When to give it and how much. Retrieved September
8, 2016, from,
Powell, C. (2013). Kids need structure Retrieved from,
Holmes, L. (2015). Television 2015: Is there really too much TV? Retrieved September 8, 2016, from,

Pao, M. (2015). The kids have spoken: Discipline helps, trophies for everyone. Retrieved September 8,
2016, from,
Mckegney, C. (2016, September 18) Personal Interview.
Hefron, E. (2016, September 14) Personal Interview.