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TIE BEAM DESIGN

INPUT DATA :
Factored load
TOWER COMPRESSIVE FORCE

C/C OF THE TOWER

YIELD STRENGTH OF STEEL

836.8 kN
5m

460 N/mm2

CHARACTERISTIC STRENGTH OF CONCRETE =

25 N/mm2

CALCULATIONS :
LOAD COMING ON TO THE TIE BEAM
( TAKE 20% OF THE COMPRESSIVE FORCE) =

167.36 kN

Uniform Distrubuted load on the tie beam

7.02 kN/m

Net Bending moment( W*L*L/12 - W


Mu

14.625 kN-m

Moment due to side thrust

25.2 kN-m

14.63 kN-m

450 mm

650 mm

Effective Depth( d )

610 mm

Mu / b*d^2

0.087

From BS:8110-3 chart =


3

0.022

Total Moment

Assume Size of the tie beam

Ast required

60.155 mm2

Dia of bar

20 mm

Area of each bar

314 mm2

Number of bars Required

0.19 Nos

Provided Number of bars

0 Nos

3-T20 T & B
DESIGN OF STIRRUPS :
Diameter shall be maximum of the following(As per clause 3.12.7.1 of BS:8100-1-1997):
1) One-fourth of the diameter of the largest

2) in no case less than:

Spacing shall be maximum of the following(As per clause 3.12.7.1 of BS 8100-1:1997 ):


1) 12 Times the size of the smallest compre

240

Hence provide 8mm dia. Bars @ 230 mm c/c


so provide dismeter of the b
8 @ 225mm c/c

0 mm @

225 mm c/c

15-Nov-16
DATE

0
REV.

APPROVAL
DESCRIPTION
REVISIONS

CLIENT :

DESIGNED

CHECKED

APPROVED

SITE :
-

ECO FRIENDLY TOWERS MYANMAR


PROJECT :

SUPPLY OF TELECOM TOWERS

CONTRACT No.

ECO FRIENDLY TOWERS MYANMAR - / 47M / 160m/s

TOTAL NO. OF PAGES


NAME

8 Pages TITLE :

SIGN

DATE

DESIGN OF SQUARE ISOLATED FOOTING FOR 47M_160m/s

DSGN

15-Nov-16

CHKD

15-Nov-16

(21.25 sq.m TYPE LOADING)

APPD

15-Nov-16

(SBC- 5 t/m ; =5)

DOC. No.

RELEASED FOR

PRELIMINARY

TENDER

INFORMATION

3 Of 20

APPROVAL

CODE

REV.

BS

CONSTRUCTION

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Height Of the Tower

47 M

Site:

C/C Width of the Tower Base

5.000 M

Wind speed:

Project:

ECO FRIENDLY TOWERS MYANMAR

160 KMPH

DATE: 15-Nov-16

SOIL DATA :
LOADING TYPE = 21.25 sq.m
DRY ANGLE OF REPOSE 'O'

5 deg

WET ANGLE OF REPOSE 'O'

5 deg

DRY SOIL DENSITY

' r'

16 kN/M^3

WET SOIL DENSITY

' r'

16 kN/M^3

SAFE BEARING CAPACITY

50 kN/M^2

ULT BEARING CAPACITY

50 kN/M^2

Height of water-table

1.5 m
FOUNDATION OUTLINE
0.7

__PL
__GL

0.15

y
2.3

1.575

0.6
0.3

Pad steel

(STEP 1)
T8

3.15

250 mm C/C
x

Pad steel

(STEP 2)
T8
150 mm C/C

C/C of Foundation Base

5.000 M

FORCES :
F . O .S

1.6

Down thrust

"D"

Uplift

"U"

523 kN
499 Kn

Transverse Side thrust

"TS"

Longitudinal Side thrust

"LS"

Resultant Side thrust

35 kN
35 kN

"TS"

49 kN

Down thrust

"D" Factored

837 kN

Uplift

"U" Factored

798 kN

1`

56 kN

Longitudinal Side thrust

"LS" Factored

Resultant Side thrust

"TS" Factored

GAP

1.850

56 kN
79 kN

FOOTING SIZE :

F. O. S

Base

"B"

3.15 m

Depth

"D"

2.9 m

Depth of base

"Df"

0.6 m

0.65 Uplift

:Un-Safe

"d"

2.3 m

0.63 Bearing

:Un-Safe

Depth of muff (UG)


Width of muff

"b"

0.7 m

Depth of muff (AG)

"e"
"bs1"

Width of Step 1

Side Thrust

Shallow Fdn

0.15 m

Punching

Hence Safe

1.58 m

One-way

Hence Safe in one way shear

Edge depth of footing "De"

0.3 m

Step 1depth of footing "De"

0.3 m

4 Of 20

VOLUME CALCULATIONS :
Vol. of Found "Vc"

4.921 Cu.m

{ (B^2*De + bs1^2 * (Df-De) + b^2*(d+e) }


Vol. of Soil "Vs"

29.643 Cu.m

R C C FOUNDATION :
Unit Weight of concrete "gc"
Char.str.of Concrete

24 kN/m3

"fck"

25 N/mm2

Yield strength of steel

460 N/mm2

(From BS 8110-1:1997 clause no 3.1.7.4 Table 3.1 page 18)

STABILITY ANALYSIS :
CHECK FOR UPLIFT :
Design Uplift

"Fu" :

[U]

Wt. of Footing

"Wc" :

Vc*(rc)

Wt. of Soil

"Wss" :

Uplift Resistence

"Fur" :

798.40 kN
41.14 kN

Vs*r

474.29 kN

Wc + Wss

515.43 kN

<

798.40 kN

:Un-Safe

CHECK FOR OVERTURNING :


Overturning moment "Mo"

Ts * (e + D)

Wt. of Footing

Vc*(rc)

"Wc" :

150.97 kN-m
41.14 kN

Total resisiting moment "Mr"

(Wc*(B/2))+
(Vs*r*B*(5/6)*(1/2))

Factor of safety

Mr / Mo

687.30 kN-m
4.55

>

1.50

Hence Safe in Over-turning

CHECK FOR DOWN THRUST :


Design Down Thrust "Fd" :
Wt of Footing

[D]

523 kN

"Wc" :

Total Downward Force "Ft" :


Max. Int . of Pressure

39.4 kN
Fd + Wc

562 kN

"Pd" : Ft /B^2 + (Mn*6 / B^3)


"Pd" : Ft /B^2 - (Mn*6 / B^3)

Min. Int . of Pressure

79.82 kN/mm2

>

50 kN/mm2

33.53 kN/mm2

<

50 kN/mm2

:Un-Safe

CHECK FOR SIDE THRUST :


Design Side Thrust

"Fs" :

[ S*fos]

79.20 kN

co-effi of passive earth pressure (kp)


( 1+Sin(q) / 1- Sin(q)

1.19

F(temp)(0.5*kp*r*b) =

6.67

h (m) (Sqrt(Fs/Ftemp))=

3.45 m

L (m) Min(h,d)=

2.30 m

Res. Soil force, F(kg) =


(Ftemp*L*L)

35.3 kN
<

79.20

kN

Shallow Fdn

5 Of 20

CHIMNEY DESIGN :
Forces (kg) FACTORED

kg

Compression (N)

85301

836800 co-effi of passive earth pressure (kp)

Uplift

81386

798400

transverse

5708

56000

longitudinal

5708

56000

angle of repose

1.19

5 deg

unit wt of soil

1600 (kg/m3)

size of chimney

0.7 m

Ht of chimney

2.3 m

Ht of chimney above GL

0.15 m

L = Position of max. BM in chimney

N/bhfcu =
Tran

F(temp) =

Long

0.068

700 mm

666.94

666.94

h'

650 mm

h (m) =

2.926

2.926

700 mm

L (m) =

1.800

1.800

b'

2160.9

2160.9

Res. Soil force, F(kg) =


Moment (kg.m) =

12689.2
Mux

BM (N.mm)

12689.2

124442968 N.mm

Muy

124442968 N.mm

0.918

(From BS 8110-1 Table 3.22 page no:72)

Muy

124442968
Mux

650 mm

124442968

Biaxial bending :(From BS 8110-1:1997 Clause 3.8.4.5 page no:71)


When it is necessary to consider biaxial bending and in absence of more rigorous calculations , symmetrically-reinforced
rectangular sections may be designed to withstand an increased moment about one axis given by :
Increased Moment (Mx')

238685067 N.mm

(Mx+(h'My/b'))
Increased Moment (My')

238685067 N.mm

(My+(b'Mx/h'))
b' =
650
b= 700

h=
700
h' =

Mx

650

My

6 Of 20

(a) Compression with Bending


Ac =

490000 sq.mm

dia 1=

20 mm

dia 2 =

20 mm

cover

50 mm

fcu =

25 N/sq.mm

fy =

460 N/sq.mm

Area of Bar provided (dia 1)

314 mm2

Area of Bar provided (dia 2)

314 mm2

d/h =

0.93

M/bh =

d=

650 mm

0.70

N =

836800 N

Number of bars provided (dia 1)

16 nos

Number of bars provided (dia 2)

0 nos

Asc prov =

5024 mm2

N/bh =

1.71

From BS 8110-3 chart 24 for above N/bh value


100Asc/bh =

0.80

Asc =

3920.000 mm2

If Asc < (Asc provided) SAFE This means we are providing slightly more than what is required
HENCE SAFE.

(b) Tension with Bending


Maximum Uplift (N)
N/fcubh

798.4 kN
0.065

Minimum Percentage of reinforcement, p (As per


Table 3.25 of BS 8110: Part 3: 1985)

0.45 %

Percentage of steel provided

1.03 %

(p*fy/fcu)*100

0.19

Using Reynolds Hand book charts for Finding Mux1


and Muy1

Chart No

Mu / (Fcu * Bc * Bc^2)

153

Mu = Mux1 = Muz1
The
thethe
column
The moment
resisting coming
momentonwith
existing percentage of
steel in tension, N-mm

Mu (N-mm)

0.1

8.575E+08

238685 N-m
857500 N-m

( Hence 238685<857500 Chimney is Safe in Tension with bending under Normal Loads
DESIGN OF STIRRUPS:
Diameter shall be maximum of the following(As per clause 3.12.7.1 of BS:8100-1-1997 page no:86):
1) One-fourth of the diameter of the largest longitudinal
bar:

5 mm

2) in no case less than:

6 mm

Spacing shall be min of the following(As per clause 3.12.7.1 of BS:8100-1-1997 page no :86):
1) 12 times the size of the smallest compression bar

240 mm

T8-250 C/C
Hence provide 8 mm dia. bars @ 250mm c/c

8 mmdia bars @

250 mm c/c

DESIGN OF R/F IN PAD :


UPLIFT RESISTENCE "Fur"

:Fur/B^2

Presr.due to UPLIFT

Pur*(B/2)^2

"Pur"

16.4 kN
39.7 kN/m2

Moment Due to UPLIFT "Mur"

Step 1

Edge Step
3.80 kN-M

Mu / ( b * d^2 ) {Mu=Mur}
Pt(from BS:8100-3:1985 chart-5 )

12.31

0.06

0.20

0.130

0.130

Ast Required =pt*100*(Df-0.05)

3.25 cm^2

3.25 cm^2

Ast Min (0.13%)

3.25 cm^2

3.25 cm^2

Area to be Provided

3.25 cm^2

3.25 cm^2

Spacing of Bars - (For Step 1)

155 mm
Provide on Top

T- 8

250 mm C/C

T-8 @ 250mm C/C


Spacing of Bars - (For Edge Step)

155 mm
Provide on Top

T- 8

150 mm C/C

T-8 @ 150mm C/C


Total DOWN THRUST :
Presr.due to D.Thrust "Pdt"

(Ft*fos)
(Ft*fos/B^2)

Moment Due to D.Thrust

"Mdt"

899.8 kN
118.12 kN/m2
88.62 kN-m

{ Mdt= Pdt * (B/2)^2 / 2 }


Mu / ( b * d^2 ) {Mu=Mdt}

0.29

Pt(from BS:8100-3:1985 chart-3 )

0.130

Ast Required

7.15 cm2

Ast Min (0.13%)

7.15 cm2

Area to be Provided
Spacing of Bars is

7.15 cm2
110 mm
Provide on Bottom

T- 10
T-10 @ 125mm C/C

7 Of 20

125 mm C/C

8 Of 20

CHECK FOR ONE-WAY SHEAR :


At section X-X
Bearing pressure (p)

122.33 kN/M2

Effective depth @ sec.X-X


Shear at face of Step -1 "Ss1"

0.538 m
(Vxx1)

84.04 kN

Shear Force per 'm'

84043.05 N/m

Shear stress

0.156 N/mm2

Percentage of steel (Ast/bd)x100

0.116

Allowable shear stress

0.340 N/mm2

(From BS:8110-1:1997 Table 3.8 page no:30)

Hence Safe in one way shear


At section Y-Y
Bearing pressure (p)

123.51 kN/M2

Effective depth @ sec.Y-Y


Shear at face of Step -2 "Ss2"

0.250 m
(Vyy1)

66.38 kN

Shear Force per 'm'

66384.07 N/m

Shear stress

0.266 N/mm2
0.250

Percentage of steel (Ast/bd)x100


Allowable shear stress

0.450 N/mm2

(From BS:8110-1:1997 Table 3.8 page no:30)

Hence Safe in one way shear

CHECK FOR PUNCHING SHEAR :


At section X-X
Shear force

(Vxx)

1048.95 kN

Shear stress

0.39 N/mm2

Allowable shear stress

4.000 N/mm2
(From BS 8110-1:1997 clause 3.11.4.5)
Hence Safe

At section Y-Y
Shear force

(Vyy)

828.02 kN

Shear stress

0.45 N/mm2

Allowable shear stress

4.000 N/mm2
(From BS 8110-1:1997 clause 3.11.4.5)
Hence Safe

9 Of 20

REQUIRED DATA
Height of Tower
Type of Tower
C/C of Tower
Width of Step 1
Width of Step 2
Edge depth of footing
Step 1 depth of footing
Width of Column
Height of Column
Width of T.Beam
Height of T.Beam
Length of T.Beam
Height of Column above GL

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

47 m
Narrow Based
5m
1.58 m
3.15 m
0.3 m
0.3 m
0.7 m
2.9 m
450 mm
650 mm
5.000 m
=
0.15 m

STEEL

Total
length
(m)

Site Name
Project:

Width
(m)

Depth
(m)

STEP 1
At Bottom
Main Bars

1.475

0.65

2.775

0.39

STEP 2
At Bottom
Main Bars

3.05

0.2

3.45

0.39

At Top
Main Bars

3.05

0.2

3.45

10

0.62

0.3
0.3

0.2
0.2

1.1
1

16
16

1.58
1.58

0.5
0.5
0.6
0.6

2.95
2.95
0.600
0.320

3.45
3.45
2.59
2.03

20
20
8
8

2.47
2.47
0.39
0.39

Description

Chair Reinforcement
Column
Longi. Bars
Longi. Bars
Lateral Ties
Legged Ties

Diamete Unit Wt.


r (mm) (kg/m)

Diamond Ties
Tie Beam
Top Bars
Bottom Bars
Stirrups
Skin Reinfo.

0.424

0.424

1.889

0.39

5.55
5.55
0.35
5.55

0.2
0.2
0.55
0.2

5.95
5.95
1.8
5.95

20
20
0
16

2.47
2.47
0.00
1.58

PCC BED
Description
Bed

Width
(m)
3.35

Depth Thickness Volume


(m)
(m)
(m3)
3.35

0.1

1.12225

Nos.
4

EXCAVATION
Description
Total Area

CONCRETE
Description
Step 1
Step 2
Column
Tie beam

SHUTTERING
Description
Step 1
Step 2
Column

Width
(m)
3.55

Depth Thickness Volume


(m)
(m)
(m3)
3.55

3.00

37.81

Nos.
4

.
Width
(m)

Depth
(m)

1.58
3.15
0.7
0.45

1.58
3.15
0.7
0.65

Thickness
Volume
/Length
(m3)
(m)
0.30
0.744
0.30
2.97675
2.45
1.2005
4.30
1.25775
Total Volume (Cu.m)

Nos.
4
4
4
0

.
Width
(m)

Depth
(m)

Length
(m)

Area
(m2)

Nos.

1.58
3.15
0.70

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.30
0.30
2.45

0.473
0.945
1.715

16
16
16

Tie beam

0.45

0.00

4.30
1.935
Total Volume (Cu.m)

0.00

ECO FRIENDL

Width Dia
700
20
150

4
0.15
0.320

Spacin
Nos.
g (mm)

0.470

Total
Nos.

Total
Weight
(kg)

250

56

61.318

150

21

168

228.701

125

25

200

425.411

1000
1000

16
4

64
16

111.115
25.253

250
250

16
0
13
26

64
0
52
104

544.526
0.000
53.184
83.387

diamond ties
Dia
No.s
16
0
20
0
24
0
28
0

legged ties
Dia
No.s
20
26
0
0

250

15

60

0
0
0
0
225
22
88
0
0
Total Weight (kg)

Total
Volume
(m3)
4.49

Total
Volume
(m3)
151.23

Total
Volume
(m3)
2.977
11.907
4.802
0
19.69

Total
Area
(m2)
7.560
15.12
27.44

44.723

0.000
0.000
0.00
0.000
1578

0
50.12

150

HEIGHT OF THE TOWER - 47m & SBC -50kPa

227

T3

227

T4
T5

T6

Chairs @ appropriate location

100

T2

100mm Lean concrete

5000
3150
700
2900
300
300
1575

T1
T2
T3A / T3
T4
T5 / T7
T6
CHAIRS

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

T 8@150mm C/C
T 10@125mm C/C
T20-16Nos/T20-0Nos
T 8@250mm C/C
T 8@250mm C/C
T 8@250mm C/C
T 16@1000mm C/C

100

T1

A
B
C
D
E
F
G

FOUNDATION FORCES(UNFACTORED)

DOWNTHRUST
UPLIFT
SIDE THRUST
C/C OF TOWER

523
499
49
5.0000

KN
KN
KN
M

FOR APPROVAL ONLY


NOT FOR CONSTRUCTION

NOTES:
1 CONCRETE GRADE TO BE M25 (DESIGN MIX AS PER BS:8110)
2 PCC GRADE TO BE M10

VOLUMES
EXCAVATION
PCC
=
REIN.STEEL
CONCRETE

3 ALL STEEL TO BE FE460 GRADE CONFIRMING TO BS:4449


4 CEMENT SHALL BE OPC 43 GRADE CONFIRMING
TO BS:8110
5 MINI. CLEAR COVER FOR COLUMNS SHALL BE 40MM
FOR FOOTING 50MM
6 USE CHAIRS/SPACERS REQUD. TO KEEP REIN. IN POSITION
7 DRAWING SHALL NOT BE SCALED & ONLY WRITTEN DIMENSION
SHALL BE FOLLOWED
8 ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
9 POTABLE WATER SHALL BE USED IN CONCRETE & CURING
10 CONCRETE SHALL BE MACHINE MIXED
11 CONCERTE SHALL NOT BE PLACED DURING RAIN
12 CONCRETE SHALL BE CONTINIOUS

=
=
=

151.23
4.49
1580
19.69

Cu.m
Cu.m
Kgs
Cu.m

13 ALL M.S/TOR BARS SHALL BE PROVIDED WITH STANDARD END HOOKS


14 ALL LAPS SHALL BE WELDED CONTINUOUSLY FOR MINIMUM LENGTH OF 750MM
15 LAPS SHALL BE STAGGERED WITH ATLEAST MINIMUM DISTANCE OF 1M
IN ALTERNATIVE DIRECTION.
16 S.B.C OF SOIL = 50KPA

16 Of 20

17 Of 20

FOUNDATION BAR BENDING SCHEDULE


Sl. No.

LENGTH (mm)

BAR

(S.B.C OF SOIL=50KPA)
TOTAL
LENGTH (mm)
Nos.

DIA (mm)

UNIT
WT
(kg/m)

TOTAL
WT
(kg)

400

250

1475

2775

56

0.39

61

200

3050

--

3450

168

0.39

229

200

3050

--

3450

200

10

0.62

425

300

200

--

1100

64

16

1.58

111

300

200

--

1000

16

16

1.58

25

--

2950

500

3450

64

20

2.47

545

--

2950

500

3450

20

2.47

600

600

--

2592

52

0.39

53

600

320

--

2032

104

0.39

83

FOOTING:
c
T6

T1

T2

a
b
a

a
CHAIRS

b
a
CHAIRS

COLUMN:
T3

b
c

T3A

b
c

T4

b
a

T5
b
a

TOTAL

18 Of 20

1530

Kgs

FOUNDATION BAR BENDING SCHEDULE


(S.B.C OF SOIL=50KPA)
Sl. No.

LENGTH (mm)

BAR

TOTAL
LENGTH (mm)

Nos.

DIA (mm)

UNIT
WT
(kg/m)

TOTAL
WT
(kg)

400

250

1475

2775

56

0.39

61

200

3050

--

3450

168

0.39

229

200

3050

--

3450

200

10

0.62

425

300

200

200

1100

64

16

1.58

111

300

200

150

1000

16

16

1.58

25

--

2950

500

3450

64

20

2.47

545

--

2950

500

3450

20

2.47

600

600

--

2592

52

0.39

53

600

320

--

2032

104

0.39

83

424

424

1889

60

0.39

45

FOOTING:
c
T6

T1

T2

CHAIRS

a
b
a

a
b

a
b

CHAIRS

COLUMN:
T3A

b
c

T3

b
c

T4

b
a

T5

T7

a
b

TOTAL

19 Of 20

1580

Kgs

FOUNDATION VOLUMES FOR --ECO FRIENDLY TOWERS MYANMAR


S.No
1

(SBC- 5 t/m ; =5)


Foundation Volumes
Type of
Ht of
Foundation
Tower
Excavation Steel PCC RCC
M
CUM
Kgs CUM CUM
Isolated Footing
47
151.23
1580 4.49 19.69