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FFS-SU-5218

FABRICATION OF PLATFORM STRUCTURES FOR


FIXED OFFSHORE PLATFORMS

APPLICATION: FLOATING & FIXED PLATFORMS

This document is the confidential property of Chevron USA Inc. Neither


the whole nor any part of this document may be disclosed to any third
party without the prior written consent of Chevron USA Inc. Neither the
whole nor any part of this document may be reproduced, stored in any
retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic,
mechanical, reprographic, recording or otherwise) without the prior
written consent of Chevron USA Inc.

Rev

Date

Description

Author

Sponsor

09/2008

General Revision

VIMN

MULI

12/2008

Document number change only.


Formerly CIV-SU-1.20-B

September 2008

2006-2008 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved.

CWAN

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FFS-SU-5218

CONTENTS
1.0

Scope ..........................................................................................................................3

2.0

References ..................................................................................................................3
2.1 ......Purchaser Documents ......................................................................................3
2.2 ......Industry Codes and Standards .........................................................................3

3.0

Acronyms ....................................................................................................................4

4.0

Requirements .............................................................................................................4
4.1 ......Item Definition ..................................................................................................4
4.2 ......General .............................................................................................................4
4.3 ......Materials ...........................................................................................................5
4.4 ......Structural Pipe Fabrication ...............................................................................5
4.5 ......Pile Fabrication .................................................................................................6
4.6 ......Node Fabrication ..............................................................................................6
4.7 ......General Fabrication ..........................................................................................6
4.8 ......Assembly ........................................................................................................11
4.9 ......Workmanship .................................................................................................15
4.10 ....Protective Coatings and Markings ..................................................................15
4.11 ....Vortex Shedding .............................................................................................15
4.12 ....Supplier Engineering ......................................................................................15
4.13 ....Weight Measurement .....................................................................................16
4.14 ....Lift and Rigging Requirements .......................................................................16
4.15 ....Identification, Marking and Platform Signs .....................................................16

5.0

Documentation Requirements ................................................................................17


5.1 ......General ...........................................................................................................17
5.2 ......Weight Report ................................................................................................17
5.3 ......Fabrication Drawings ......................................................................................18
5.4 ......Yard Erection Drawings ..................................................................................18
5.5 ......Fabrication Sequence Drawings ....................................................................18
5.6 ......As-Built Drawings ...........................................................................................19
5.7 ......Submittal Requirements .................................................................................19

6.0

Quality Assurance Provisions ................................................................................19


6.1 ......General ...........................................................................................................19
6.2 ......Tests ...............................................................................................................20
6.3 ......Inspections .....................................................................................................22
6.4 ......Fabrication Tolerance Control Plan ................................................................23

7.0

Preparation for Loadout and Transportation ........................................................23


7.1 ......General ...........................................................................................................23
7.2 ......Loadout Plan ..................................................................................................23
7.3 ......Loadout by Skids, Rollers, Transport Trailers or Others ................................24
7.4 ......Loadout by Lifting ...........................................................................................25
7.5 ......Pile and Appurtenance Loadout .....................................................................25
7.6 ......Inventory List ..................................................................................................25
7.7 ......Decision to Commence Loadout ....................................................................25
7.8 ......Tie-Down and Seafastening ...........................................................................25

8.0

Tables .......................................................................................................................27

9.0

Figures

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Fabrication of Platform Structures for


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1.0

FFS-SU-5218

SCOPE
1. This specification defines the minimum requirements for shop fabrication, yard fabrication
and offshore fabrication, welding, and bolting assemblies and inspection of fixed offshore
steel platforms and the decks/topside modules of floating platforms.
2. This specification shall be used in conjunction with a Project Particular Specification, if any,
detailing any additional test requirements based on the particular design conditions of steel
structures.
3. No deviations to the requirements stated in the present specification shall be permitted unless
prior written consent has been obtained from the Company.

2.0

REFERENCES
1. The requirements of this specification shall take precedence over the reference codes and
standards.
2. When this specification states no overriding requirements, the reference codes and standards
shall apply.
3. The following documents are referenced herein and are considered part of this specification.
4. Use the edition of each referenced document in effect on the date of the publication of this
specification.

2.1

2.2

Purchaser Documents
FFS-SU-5215

Structural Steel and Other Materials for Fixed Offshore Platforms

FFS-SU-5216

Structural Welding and Inspection for Fixed Offshore Platforms

FFS-SU-5217

Design of Platform Structures for Fixed Offshore Platforms

COM-SU-2.02

Materials and Application of Painting and Protective Coatings

SID-SU-5106

Safety in Designs

Industry Codes and Standards


American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC)
Steel Construction Manual (9th or 13th Edition as applicable)
American Petroleum Institute (API)
RP 2A-WSD

Recommended Practice for Planning, Designing and Constructing Fixed


Offshore PlatformsWorking Stress Design, 21st Edition

Spec 2B

Specification for the Fabrication of Structural Steel Pipe

Spec 2H

Specification for Carbon Manganese Steel Plate for Offshore Structures

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)


A 6/A 6M

Standard Specification for General Requirements for Rolled Structural Steel


Bars, Plates, Shapes, and Sheet Piling

A 36/A 36 M

Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel

A 123/A 123M

Standard Specification for Zinc (Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and


Steel Products

A 385

Standard Practice for Providing High-Quality Zinc Coatings (Hot-Dip)

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A 578/A 578M

Standard Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Rolled


Steel Plates for Special Applications

D 395

Standard Test Methods for Rubber PropertyCompression Set

D 945

Standard Test Methods for Rubber Properties in Compression or Shear


(Mechanical Oscillograph)

American Welding Society (AWS)


D1.1

Structural Welding Code Steel

NACE International (NACE)


No. 2/SSPC-SP 10

Joint Surface Preparation Standard Near-White Metal Blast Cleaning

Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC)


SP 10/NACE No. 2

Near-White Metal Blast Cleaning

U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)


PFM 2-98

Fiberglass Gratings

U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration (US OSHA)
29 CFR PT 1926
3.0

Safety and Health Regulations for Construction

ACRONYMS
CGCenter of Gravity
MWSMarine Warranty Surveyor

4.0

REQUIREMENTS

4.1

Item Definition
Platform fabrication includes project management, labor, quality control, equipment, tools,
machinery, transportation, supplies, materials, and other items required to construct, blast, coat,
store, loadout and tie-down components of the offshore structure.

4.2

General
1. Supplier shall completely fabricate and coat the structures, including the components and
prepare them for transportation to site.
2. Structural welding shall be in accordance with Purchaser Specification FFS-SU-5216.
3. Structural design shall be in accordance with Purchaser Specification FFS-SU-5217.
4. Phases of fabrication shall be performed at Suppliers fabrication yard.
5. Any intention of Supplier to divide the work among various locations, divisions, or to
subcontract portions of work shall be made known to Purchaser at the time of bidding and
Supplier shall proceed with this plan only after review by Purchaser.
6. Shearing, flame cutting and chipping shall be performed by a mechanically guided tool
whenever practical.

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4.3

FFS-SU-5218

Materials
1. Supplier shall furnish the materials, appurtenances, fixtures, and equipment unless stated
otherwise on the drawings or in the Technical Requirements.
2. Except as stated below, the materials shall be in accordance with Purchaser Specification
FFS-SU-5215.
3. Supplier may submit a material type substitution request in writing to Purchaser for review.
a. The request shall include the nature and extent of the substitution, effect on the schedule,
full specification and physical properties of the proposed substitute and any other pertinent
information requested by Purchaser.
b. Substitutions that have not been accepted in writing by Purchaser will not be accepted and
shall be removed from the work and replaced by the specified materials by the Supplier.
4. Steel shapes, plate and pipe for fabrication shall be new and free from rust and mill scale. If
laminations or split ends exist in plate, pipe or rolled shape, the extent of the defect shall be
determined and repaired in accordance with the appropriate material delivery specification or
replaced if out of specification and repair per specification is not possible.
5. Purchaser furnished material (if any is provided) will be delivered to the quayside at the
fabrication site and shall be unloaded, handled and properly stored in accordance with Project
specification.
6. Supplier is responsible for providing labor and equipment, including slings and spreader bars,
required to unload Purchaser furnished material.

4.4

Structural Pipe Fabrication


1. Structural steel pipe shall be fabricated in accordance with API Spec 2B.
2. Sections of pipe shall be spliced so that the longitudinal seams of adjoining circumferential
sections are not closer than 90 degrees apart.
3. Longitudinal and circumferential weld seams shall be clearly shown on the shop drawings.
4. Splices of 30 inches (76 cm) in diameter and larger pipe members with 3/4-inch (19-mm) or
greater wall thickness, shall be full penetration double-vee butt joints, welded from both sides
with back gouging.
5. Single-vee butt joints shall require Purchaser review.
6. Splices of sections of pipe less than 30 inches (76 cm) in diameter shall be full penetration,
single-vee butt joints, welded from one side only.
a. Utilization of a back ring is permissible unless specified otherwise.
b. Backing is not allowed on pump casings, riser members in flare or vent boom carrying
gas, or process piping.
7. Maximum weld reinforcement at splices shall be 3/32-inch (2 mm) for members having a
thickness of 1/2-inch (13 mm) or less, and 1/8-inch (3 mm) for thicknesses over 1/2-inch
(13 mm).
8. D/t ratios for rolled pipe (excluding seamless) shall be greater than 30 for reasons of rolling
practicality. Exceptions less than this limit shall be considered on an individual basis and
requires that material be tested per API Spec 2H, requirement S8 (strain aging) with an
absolute toughness minimum of 15.

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4.5

FFS-SU-5218

Pile Fabrication
1. Piles shall be fabricated to the tolerances of API RP 2A-WSD, API Spec 2B and this
specification.
2. The minimum length of a segment of pipe used in fabricating piles shall be 5 feet (152 cm) or
one pile diameter, whichever is greater.

4.6

Node Fabrication
1. The orientation of node cans in deck legs, braces and skirt pile sleeves shall be such that the
longitudinal weld seam does not intersect the welds of braces coming into the joint.
a. In the case of X-joints (intersection of two crossing braces) of approximately the same
diameter, the orientation of the longitudinal seam on the through brace member shall be
approximately midpoint between the crown and the saddle of either of the incoming
braces.
b. The longitudinal seam for other types of node cans shall be oriented to avoid incoming
braces when possible.
c. When unavoidable, the longitudinal seam of the chord seem may be within the incoming
brace footprint but not near its centerline (i.e., within the middle one-third) of incoming
braces.
2. Circumferential (girth) weld seams shall not be permitted to intersect welds to incoming
braces on any type of node can without prior written acceptance by Purchaser. Where there is
no reasonable alternative, permission will be granted to locate girth seams at or near the
centerline (within the middle one-third) of incoming braces.
3. Joints shall be designed and detailed as simple joints per API RP 2A-WSD. Joints are to be
detailed with work point offsets clearly shown.
4. There shall be a minimum 3-inch (7-mm) overlap shall be supplied between adjacent braces
when overlapping is required to keep brace centerline offset dimensions less than D/4. The
overlap shall be measured from the intersection of the overlapping braces radially to surface of
the chord member.

4.7

General Fabrication
1. Structures and equipment shall be grounded (earthed) immediately after being installed.
2. Fuel shall be stored at the Work Site (including temporary facilities sites) only at locations and
in containers accepted by Purchaser. Fueling of construction equipment with nearby hot work
shall comply with US OSHA standards 29 CFR PT 1926 section (c) through (g).
4.7.1

Slotted Members
Where slotted members are required, they shall be slotted to receive gusset plates in
accordance with API RP 2A-WSD and the following:
1. The longitudinal seam shall be at least 90 degrees from the slot when members are to
be slotted unless more than two slots are necessary in which case a 45-degree
separation shall be maintained.
2. No girth weld shall be placed closer than 12 inches (30 cm) from the end of the slot.

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4.7.2

FFS-SU-5218

Seal Welds and Boxing In


1. Any connection detail which makes proper coating difficult or impossible, leaving it
subject to corrosion shall be boxed in with steel plate and seal welded to isolate it from
the environment.
2. Members that require coating, and intersect at an angle of less than 30 degrees shall be
boxed in.
3. Any boxing in designed by Supplier requires prior written acceptance by Purchaser.
4. Faying surfaces shall be seal welded.

4.7.3

Stiffeners and Padeye Plates


1. Stiffeners and padeye plates shall be fitted accurately, neatly and tightly as specified in
this specification.
a. The padeye hole shall not be flame cut and shall have a uniform smooth milled
finish.
b. The ends of stiffeners shall be milled or ground to ensure even bearing against the
stiffened members per AWS D1.1 Section 5.23.10.
2. Material for fabrication of padeyes shall be 100 percent ultrasonically tested for
laminations in accordance with ASTM A 578/A 578M to acceptance standard level II.
3. In general, padeye plates are to be oriented so the lifting loads will be applied in line
with the rolling direction of the plate.
4. Fabrication and assembly procedures shall be selected to permit the final angle or
orientation of the padeyes to be established as late in the fabrication process as is
reasonably possible.

4.7.4

Bolted Connections
1. The bolting surfaces shall be smooth and without burrs.
2. Bolts shall be placed into the holes without damaging the threads.
3. Bolts in bearing shall be threaded to such a length that no more than one thread shall
be within the grip of the structural members. The bolts shall be of a length that will
extend entirely through, but no more than 1/4 inch (6 mm) beyond the nuts. After
having been finally tightened, the nuts shall be locked by tack welding the nut to the
bolt or other locking procedure reviewed by Purchaser.
4. High strength bolts shall be installed in accordance to the AISC Steel Construction
Manual or as specified by the bolt manufacturer.
5. Bolts, studs, nuts, and washers shall be galvanized, unless specified otherwise on the
Supplier drawings or Technical Requirements.

4.7.5

Beam Splices
1. Segments of beams with the same cross-sections may be spliced.
2. The use of the beam shall determine the location and frequency of splicing.
3. Splices shall be in accordance with API RP 2A-WSD and AWS D1.1.

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4. Except for deck stringer beams used to support deck plate or grating, splices shall not
be located within the following locations:
a. Splices in cantilever beam shall not be located in the half length near the support.
b. Splices in beam with supports at both ends shall not be located in the one eighth
length near both supports, nor one quarter length in the middle section.
c. Splices shall not be located closer together than twice the depth of the beam or
3 feet (91 cm), whichever is smaller.
4.7.6

Miscellaneous Splices
1. Splices in ring stiffeners shall be located at 120-degree intervals, unless otherwise
shown on Approved for Construction drawings.
2. Ring stiffeners shall not be located within 6 inches (152 mm) of the circumferential
seams in joint cans, except at conical transitions, where they shall be at least 2 inches
(50 mm) from the transition girth weld.
3. Timber splices shall be staggered a minimum of 5 feet (152 cm).

4.7.7

Deck Plate
1. The continuous seal welds between the deck plate and the deck beams or girders shall
be limited to 3/16-inch (5-mm) fillet weld made in a single pass with no or minimal
preheat.
2. The use of a low heat input welding process is encouraged. The interrupted-arc or
short-arc Gas Metal-Arc Welding (GMAW) process is accepted and encouraged for
the welding of deck plate.
3. Welds between plate sections shall be made directly over structural members.
a. With acceptance by Purchaser, 3-inch (75-mm) channel sections may be added
between deck beams to provide structural backup for the splices.
b. Connections shall develop the full strength of the plate.
4. Welding and inspection of deck beams shall be completed before the plate is installed.
The addition of beam sections for the local support of equipment is to be avoided after
the deck plate is in place.
5. In order to minimize deck plate warpage during weld out, 0.035-inch (0.9-mm)
welding wire spacers may be placed on the deck beams prior to laying the deck plate.
6. If welding wire spacer is used, the deck plate should be in firm contact with the spacer
prior to welding. If no spacer is used, the deck plate is to be in firm contact with the
beams prior to welding.
7. Fabrication procedures for the installation of the deck place, prepared by Supplier,
shall cover weld sequence, control of heat input, control of distortion in supporting
beams, correction procedures, etc.
8. A water ponding test shall be performed on each deck plate prior to painting. Work
will be accepted if the depth of ponding is limited to 1/4 inch (6 mm) or less when the
deck is nominally level.
9. Supplier shall be responsible for adding additional open deck drains where water
ponding is greater than 1/2 inch (13 mm).

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FFS-SU-5218

10. Containment areas as shown on the drawings, or as required by Purchaser, shall have
perimeter fabricated from half of an 8-inch (20-cm) pipe, or as otherwise noted on
drawings.
a. Containment area shall have an adequate number of drains to permit complete
drainage of the area.
b. Containment perimeter shall be painted Safety Yellow.
4.7.8

Steel Grating
1. Unless specified otherwise, grating shall be standard, hot-dip galvanized type with
1-1/2 x 3/16-inch (38 x 5 mm) serrated bars on 1-3/16 inch (30 mm) centers. Serrated
bearing bar and spacing bar intersections shall be fused or welded.
2. Grating shall be fastened in place. The fasteners shall be installed using the
manufacturers recommended procedures for accepted locations unless specified
otherwise on drawings. The grating should feel secure when walked over
3. Grating shall be trimmed and fitted around equipment supports. Additional support
brackets shall be added as required. Galvanized grating repairs shall be in accordance
with Manufacturers standards.
4. Grating shall be installed after galvanizing and after the support structure has been
painted. Fixed grating shall be attached by welding every fourth bar to each support,
with a 2 x 3/16-inch long (50 x 5 mm) fillet weld on both sides of the bar.
5. Removable grating shall be fastened in place with 316 stainless steel clips.
a. Four clips shall be used to secure sections that are 10 feet (305 cm) or less in
length.
b. Six clips shall be used to secure sections that are longer than 10 feet (305 cm).
6. Pipe penetrations through grating shall be sleeved using Schedule 40 pipe.
Pipe-to-sleeve annulus shall be 2 inches (50 mm). The sleeve shall extend a
minimum of 4 inches (100 mm) above the grating
7. Other penetrations which intersect four or more bearing bars shall be banded on the
sides with pipe or rolled flat bar of the same thickness and projecting 1 inch (25 mm)
above the bearing bars.
8. Banding shall be seal-welded to intersecting bearing and spacing bars. Grating shall
be galvanized after banding.
9. Grating shall be continuously banded around the exposed edges.
10. Steel grating shall be hot-dip galvanized in accordance with ASTM A 123/A 123M,
ASTM A 153 and ASTM A 385 except that the weight of the galvanizing shall be
2.5 oz. per square foot average, and 2.2 oz. per square foot minimum.
11. Steel grating shall be welded and serrated with semicircular serrations formed by
punching as shown in the following:

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FFS-SU-5218
Dimension Inches (mm)
Minimum

Maximum

Radius of Punch

1/8 (3)

7/32 (5.6)

Depth of Cutout

3/32 (2.4)

11/64 (4.4)

Punch Center-to-Center

7/16 (11.1)

1/2 (13)

12. Welding of grating should be performed prior to galvanizing to the extent practical.
In-place grating repairs and modifications shall be touched up with accepted cold
galvanizing or equivalent.
4.7.9

Non-Steel Grating
1. Phenolic and/or fiberglass grating may be used on weight sensitive structures subject
to Purchaser review USCG PFM 2-98 rules and Purchasers FFS-SU-5215. Note that
at the time of this publication, there are no Phenolic and/or fiberglass grating rated for
Level 1 application as defined by USCG rules. For Level I areas, metal grating shall
be used.
2. Joints in grating shall occur only at points of support. Joints shall be supported over
their full length.
3. Penetrations through phenolic and fiberglass grating shall be banded with grating
penetration collars by Intrepid Industries, Inc. or Purchaser-accepted equivalent with
stainless steel hardware.
4. Supplier shall provide grating supports locations. Minimum thickness of support
members shall be 5/16 inch (8 mm) to prevent blow-through at the underside of the
support when Hilti studs are used to attach the grating.
5. Complete end support of grating panels is preferred.
a. When impractical to provide end support, cantilever length of grating beyond the
edge of support shall not cause stresses of deflections to exceed allowable limits.
b. There is no acceptable cantilever length for grating cross-bars.

4.7.10 Penetrations
1. Penetrations through structural steel members shall not be permitted without prior
review by Purchaser.
2. Deck, bulkhead and beam penetrations shall be kept to a minimum; alternative piping
and conduit routes shall be explored and reasonable routes selected.
3. Beam and bulkhead penetrations made for piping shall be the next larger Schedule 80
pipe size that provides a minimum of 1-inch (25-mm) clearance on the radius between
the ID of the reinforcement and the OD of the pipe. The reinforcing pipe shall be a
minimum of 6 inches (150 mm) long centered on the web and fillet-welded to both
sides of the web.
4. Supplier shall submit for Purchaser review drawings and calculations for
reinforcement of bulkhead and beam penetrations prior to start of fabrication.
Penetration reinforcement shall be designed to equal or exceed the original strength of
the penetrated member.

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FFS-SU-5218

5. Deck penetrations made for piping shall be sleeved with Schedule 40 pipe providing a
minimum of 1-inch (25 mm) clearance on the radius between the ID of the
reinforcement and the OD of the pipe. The sleeve shall be 6 inches (150 mm) long
positioned with the upper end 4 inches (100 mm) above the deck and fillet-welded to
the deck plate on both sides.
6. Deck, beam, and bulkhead penetrations made for conduit shall accommodate the
outside diameter of a coupling for the penetrating conduit. The conduit coupling shall
be positioned with its ends equidistant from the web/plate and shall be fillet-welded to
both sides of the web/plate.
4.7.11 Stairways, Ladders and Handrails
1. Stairways, ladders, and handrails shall be fabricated in accordance with SID-SU-5106.
2. Stair treads shall be fabricated from the same type of grating as the landing it serves or
shall be manufactured steel treads with abrasive nosings (e.g., Grip Strut).
a. Each tread and the edge of the landing at the top of the stairs, shall be fitted with a
distinctive nonskid, leading edge nosing, which shall be accepted by Purchaser.
b. The nosing shall be installed after painting and galvanizing.
3. Corners, edges, burrs or rough spots on handrails, guards, etc. shall be ground or filed
smooth.
4. Handrails shall be fabricated such that weep-holes are eliminated (by cutting holes in
the post where midrails intersect).
5. Should weep-holes be cut, Supplier shall plug weepholes by an accepted method.
6. Safety gates shall be manufactured from fiberglass with corrosion resistant hardware.
(Suggested Vendor: Intrepid Industries, Pasadena, Texas.)
4.7.12 Random Arc Strikes
1. Random arc strikes shall not be allowed.
2. Where evidence of such arc strike exists, it shall be ground out, repaired and inspected
using a procedure supplied by the Supplier for Purchaser review.
4.8

Assembly
4.8.1

General
1. Work shall not be performed when the weather does not permit satisfactory
workmanship or conditions prevent required inspection.
2. Supplier shall provide any reinforcement and construction aids required during
erection including padeyes and temporary braces. Stresses in the structure components
and temporary bracing shall be limited to API and AISC basic allowables during
stages of assembly and erection.
3. The site assembly procedures and methods, including details of temporary works,
support points, jacking points and sling points of major components (not minor
subassemblies) shall be submitted to Purchaser for review before assembly.
4. Fabrication procedures and tolerances shall conform to API RP 2A-WSD, AWS D1.1,
project drawings, and this specification.

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FFS-SU-5218

5. Access manholes in the tubulars or legs shall not be permitted without prior written
acceptance by Purchaser. The longitudinal seams of windows cut to facilitate fit-up at
the end of braces shall be oriented 90 degrees to the longitudinal pipe seam.
a. The transverse seam shall be located a minimum of two-brace diameters from the
joint.
a. The transitions between longitudinal and transverse seams shall have a minimum
radius of 6 inches (152 mm).
b. Plates covering access manholes and windows shall be flush with the outside
diameter of the brace and joined using full penetration welds.
c. Welds shall be ground smooth and profiled and subjected to the same inspection
as the joint itself.
6. Supplier shall investigate the erection loads imposed on structures from support
jacking and lifting.
a. Calculations shall be submitted to Purchaser for review for the stages of erection
and loadout.
b. Supplier shall make available to Purchaser information necessary to verify
calculations such as crane Manufacturers load/radius curves and rated load
capacity of slings and shackles.
7. Supplier shall also perform calculations to verify the overall stability at any stage of
erection.
a. These calculations shall include the effects of scaffolding, staging, welding,
shelters and environmental loads.
b. Calculations shall be submitted to Purchaser for review.
8. Assembly of structural steel shall proceed on a level and stable surface. Prior to the
start of yard erection, Supplier shall submit to Purchaser details of fabrication site and
loadout path including soils reports and proposed foundations.
9. Checks of blocking and levels shall be made on a monthly (or based on Project
requirement) basis and after each setting of major structural or mechanical assemblies
or if there is evidence of any instability of the supporting working surface.
a. When any portion of the structure settles out of level, the settled section shall be
brought back into level by shimming the blocking under it or by other actions as
required.
b. Frequency level survey reports shall be given to Purchaser.
c. Misalignment shall be corrected at the stages of erection.
10. Fitting of joints shall be restricted to machine or flame cutting and grinding.
a. Any beveled edge that has been damaged shall be restored to the minimum
tolerances.
b. The fit-up of joints shall be inspected by a welding inspector after completion of
fit-up, but prior to any production welding.
c. If the fit-up meets Purchaser requirements, the joint shall be clearly marked for
satisfactory fit-up and initialed by Suppliers welding inspector.

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d. A procedure for correcting out-of-tolerance root gaps shall be submitted to


Purchaser for review.
e. Purchaser shall be notified of out-of-tolerance root gaps and proposed corrective
measures prior to any corrective action.
f.

Tack welds or welds to holding devices shall be in accordance with a pre-qualified


tacking or welding procedure respectively.

11. Temporary attachments to the structure, such as scaffolding supports and other
fabrication aids shall be removed prior to loadout without damaging permanent
structures.
a. When removing temporary attachments, the attachment shall be cut off no closer
than 1/8 inch (3 mm) to the permanent member, then ground flush per
API RP 2A-WSD Section 11.1.7.
b. Weld splatter shall be removed and surfaces restored to a smooth, flush finish.
c. Temporary attachments shall not be made to high strength steels (specified
minimum yield strength greater than 36 ksi) without the prior written acceptance
of Purchaser.
12. A 1/2-inch (13-mm) thick neoprene or vulcanized rubber liner shall be installed on
riser clamps.
a. The riser clamp surface shall be abrasive blasted in accordance with SSPC-SP 10/
NACE No. 2, using a 2 to 4 mil (50.8 to 101.6 micron) anchor pattern.
b. The liner shall be attached to the clean surface using a suitable epoxy adhesive
recommended by the liner manufacturer.
c. Where neoprene is used, the clamp shall be trial fit after gluing to ensure a proper
fit and to assist bonding.
d. Supplier shall submit the proposed application procedure for review by Purchaser.
e. The liner shall meet the requirements below:
Condition

Requirement

Design temperature

180F (82C)

Shore durometer hardness


Tensile strength (minimum)

60 to 65
2000 lb/in2 (13.8

Elongation at break (minimum)

440%

Ozone exposure rating, 100 ppm at 70F (21C) under


15% elongation for 100 hours

0 (no cracks)

Outdoor exposure rating after 6-month exposure

0 (no cracks)

Resilience (ASTM D 945)

55%

Compression set, 70 hours at 212F (100C)


(ASTM D 395)

45%

Abrasion rating using Akron tester

September 2008

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Excellent

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Condition

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Requirement

Seawater resistance at constant shear stress

4.8.2

Excellent

Dimensional Tolerances
1. Allowable fabrication tolerances shall conform to the following (in order of
precedence):
a. This specification.
b. API RP 2A-WSD, API Spec 2B (for structural steel pipe), AISC Steel
Construction Manual and ASTM A 6/A 6M (for rolled shapes), and AWS D1.1.
c. Tolerances not covered by this specification and the above standards shall be
reviewed by Purchaser.
2. The following lists Purchasers tolerances which supersedes the standards listed
above:
a. Allowable fabrication tolerances are given in Table 1 and Figures 1, 2 and 3.
b. Unless otherwise specified in Table 1 and Figures 1, 2 and 3, fabricated
dimensions shall have a tolerance of 1/2 inch (13 mm) or less.
c. Water-holding ponding areas in excess of 1/4-inch (6-mm) deep shall not be
allowed in the deck plate between any two-deck beams.
d. Handrails shall be fabricated such that, when erected, the top rail shall be level
and the posts plumb.
e. Landing elevations and landing and stairway locations (horizontally) shall be
within 1/2 inch (13 mm) of their accepted dimensions. The vertical rise difference
between stair threads in one flight shall not exceed 1/8-inch (3 mm). Differences
between elevations of grating at seams shall not exceed 1/8-inch (3 mm).
f.

Anodes shall be located within 6-inch of the location shown on the Approved for
Construction drawings.

g. Heliport safety shelf fencing shall be taut between panels. The maximum sag
between panels shall be 1/2 inch (13 mm) under a load of 200 lb (91 kg) at the
panel center.
4.8.3

Dimensional Control Procedure


1. Supplier shall submit a dedicated dimensional control procedure to Purchaser for
review within a time frame agreed upon at award of contract and prior to start of
construction.
a. The procedure shall describe the methods to be used for measuring dimensions
and maintaining the design tolerances specified herein.
b. Emphasis should be given to interfaces between assemblies and components.
2. Dimensional surveys shall be performed immediately after fit-up and after final
welding.
a. Dimensional surveys shall also be performed on the entire platform assembly
control points at a minimum frequency given by Project specification.

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b. Purchaser will be notified in advance of each survey so that Purchaser may


witness the surveys.
3. Measurement equipment shall be calibrated at a minimum frequency given by Project
specification.
a. Calibration documentation will be submitted to Purchaser for review.
b. Measurements shall be corrected for temperature variation and be proven to the
satisfaction of Purchaser.
4.9

Workmanship
1. Fabrication techniques shall be in accordance with accepted, current good practices of the
trades involved and the requirements of this specification.
2. Steel work shall be well formed to shape and size with true lines and smooth surfaces.
3. Members shall be accurately fabricated and assembled plumb, square and level in accordance
with the tolerances set forth in this specification.

4.10

Protective Coatings and Markings


1. Coatings shall conform to COM-SU-2.02.
2. Coatings shall be completed and cured before the fabricated structure is loaded out and tied
down on barges. As much coating as possible shall be done before components are rolled up or
installed in hard-to-access positions.
3. Temporary structures for scaffolding, etc. shall be removed without damaging permanent
structures, and removal stubs shall be ground flush and inspected before coating.
4. Supplier-fabricated items to be galvanized shall be coated as single, complete units
(e.g., stairs) and shall not be cut into smaller assemblies unless accepted by Purchaser.
5. Installation aids shall be marked to allow easy identification during offshore installation.

4.11

Vortex Shedding
1. Supplier shall be responsible for and take measures to protect members and appurtenances that
are susceptible to vibration due to wind-induced vortex shedding.
2. Such measures may consist of hanging weights from or wrapping chain or wire around the
susceptible members.
3. Supplier shall provide a reliable method of determining wind speed, such as an anemometer, at
the fabrication site.

4.12

Supplier Engineering
1. Supplier shall provide required engineering including the following:
a. Materials procurement, handling and storage
b. Project schedules
c. Monthly project reports
d. Fabrication and shop drawings
e. As-built drawings
f.

Fabrication sequence drawings

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g. Yard erection drawings


h. Fabrication and erection loading analysis
i.

Tubular joint details including can and stub lengths and work points

j.

Dimensional control and inspection

k. Welding engineering
l.

Quality control and nondestructive testing

m. Fabrication, erection and loadout rigging design


n. Loadout analysis, including site works for platform components
2. Supplier shall submit for review by Purchaser, calculations to substantiate his proposed
method for the following:
a. Major items of yard erection (over 50 s. ton lift).
b. Loadout of platform components.
4.13

Weight Measurement
1. Topside equipment items shall not be installed without certified weight documentation. If
vendor certification for an item is not available, Supplier shall weigh and provide certified
documentation. Purchaser will furnish vendor weights for Purchaser-furnished equipment.
2. Deck modules and appurtenances requiring weighing prior to loading-out and lifting offshore
shall be weighed at frequency as described in the Coordination Procedure.
3. A weight control plan shall include a dead weight survey prior to weighing, the weighing
procedure, and the monitoring of additional weight placed between weighing and load-out.
The plan shall follow Purchasers Weight Management Philosophy and Weight Estimating,
Reporting, and Weighing listed in project specification.

4.14

Lift and Rigging Requirements


1. Supplier shall ensure that lifts and crane loads are within the safe working loads of the
equipment used.
2. When major lifts are made where more than one crane is used such as during a bentroll-up,
Supplier shall provide sufficient backup lifting equipment so that the safe working loads of the
remaining cranes are not exceeded if any one crane should malfunction.
3. Supplier shall provide Purchaser with allowable load/radius curves of cranes in use at the
fabrication site.
4. Slings shall have a safe working load no larger than 25 percent of Manufacturers minimum
breaking strength. Supplier shall remove any slings from the fabrication site that are unsafe
because of excessive wear.
5. Shackles shall have a safe working load of no larger than 20 percent of the Manufacturers
minimum breaking strength.Supplier shall not exceed Manufacturers working load limit
rating for shackles.

4.15

Identification, Marking and Platform Signs


1. Major load bearing plates, beams, tubulars and structural pipes shall have the mill heat
numbers transferred prior to or immediately after cutting into smaller prices.

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2. Pipes from other than ASTM A 36/A 36M material shall be painted in accordance with the
general provisions of ASTM A 6/A 6M. Supplier shall not exceed Manufacturers working
load limit rating for slings.
3. Each length of structural beam, pipe, plate, or tubular can be rolled from plate shall be marked
on one end by paint in 1-inch minimum high letters. Paint identification will include the
following:
a. Metal grade
b. Heat number(s)
c. Plate or Can number (Can numbers traceable back to Plate numbers)
d. Can dimensions (diameter, wall thickness, length of can)
e. Manufacturers name
f.

Inspecting Purchaser

4. Supplier may submit alternate identification/marking procedures for Purchaser review.


5. Flood and vent manifolds and piping shall be identified and marked as to function and
compartment location.
6. Supplier shall furnish and install four platform identification signs to be located at the
midpoint of each side of the platform deck facing outward.
a. The signs shall be made of porcelainized 10 gauge steel or UV-resistant fiberglass.
b. The sign shall identify the platforms name, field and Purchaser logos of the partners as
detailed on the Approved for Construction drawings.
5.0

DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS

5.1

General
1. Supplier responsibilities are to review the documentation provided by Purchaser, including
noting any discrepancies and/or omissions as described in the Coordination Procedures.
2. Supplier is also responsible to provide Purchaser with the following:
a. Fabrication and erection plans, including sketches, estimated weight of each major lift and
roll-up, and erection sequence/procedure.
b. Major lift plans, including detail analysis and procedures.
c. Loadout plan, including detailed analysis and procedures.
d. Material traceability, including mill certificates and construction drawings with the associated mill certificate tag for each component or segment of the component.

5.2

Weight Report
1. Supplier shall compile and maintain an accurate weight report of the jacket, deck, modules,
piles and appurtenances.
2. The weight report shall be of sufficient detail to identify the weight and Center-of-Gravity
(CG) of individual primary and secondary structural members, equipment and appurtenances.
3. The weight report shall include a summary of the following:
a. Jacket total loadout weight and CG,

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b. Deck total loadout weight and CG,


c. Module total loadout weight and CG,
d. Pile section total loadout weight and CG,
e. Shipped loose item total loadout weight and CG,
f.

Weight and CG for offshore lifts,

g. Major lift weights and CG for any lift greater than 50 s. tons.
4. Supplier shall prepare and submit to Purchaser, at least 120 days prior to the scheduled date for
the beginning of the weighing operation, a detailed procedure for the weighing of each
structure.
5. Supplier shall submit a detailed monthly (or based on Project requirement) construction report
to Purchaser along with the look-ahead schedule.
5.3

Fabrication Drawings
1. Supplier shall prepare fabrication drawings for fabrication work and submit these to Purchaser
for review.
2. Drawings shall be complete and shall include connections, holes and bolts, piece numbers in
accordance with the contract drawings.
3. Welds including longitudinal pipe seams, both shop and field, shall be indicated on the shop
drawings by standard welding symbols in accordance with AWS D1.1.
4. Each fabrication drawing will be identified as having received such acceptance by being so
stamped and dated. No fabrication work shall begin before the relevant shop drawings have
been reviewed by Purchaser.
5. The review of shop drawings by Purchaser will not be construed as a complete check, but will
indicate only that the general methods of construction and detailing are satisfactory.
6. Supplier shall prepare drawings which define the extent and type of nondestructive
examination for each weld joint for review by Purchaser.

5.4

Yard Erection Drawings


1. Supplier shall furnish yard erection drawings showing the proposed methods of erection.
2. These drawings shall include details of temporary erection aids, rigging configuration, and
rigging components along with the proposed lifting cranes and lifting sequence.
3. These drawings shall be submitted to Purchaser for review along with the required engineering
calculations.
4. When review by Purchaser, each yard erection drawing will be identified as having received
such acceptance by being so stamped and dated.
5. Yard erection shall not begin before the relevant yard erection drawings have been reviewed
by Purchaser.

5.5

Fabrication Sequence Drawings


1. Supplier shall submit fabrication sequence drawings to Purchaser for review within 45 days
after contract award.
2. Such drawings shall clearly detail Suppliers planned construction sequence.

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3. These drawings shall detail the proposed sequence methods provided in Suppliers Project
Execution Plan.
5.6

As-Built Drawings
1. Supplier shall prepare as-built drawings as the work progresses incorporating the significant
changes that occur before or during construction.
2. Upon completion of the work, Supplier shall furnish Purchaser one set of editable as-built
CAD drawing files.

5.7

Submittal Requirements
The following documents shall be prepared or obtained and submitted to Purchaser:
1. Status reports on Purchase Orders for material and equipment ordered by Supplier for
incorporation into the structure and appurtenances.
2. Purchase Orders, Manufacturers certified mill certificates and inspection reports, relating to
the materials and equipment ordered by Supplier for incorporation in the structure and
appurtenances.
3. The weld procedures.
4. The material trace records.
5. The drawings required.
6. The calculations.
7. Nondestructive testing and inspection reports. Supplier shall compile the records and submit
for acceptance after completion of loadout.

6.0

QUALITY ASSURANCE PROVISIONS

6.1

General
1. For areas not clearly defined by project drawings, specs and codes, Purchaser will be the final
judge for acceptability of Supplier materials and workmanship.
2. Supplier shall be solely responsible for thorough craft inspection during construction and for
the quality of the work.
3. Supplier shall provide the inspection specified herein, using properly qualified inspectors.
4. Purchaser will make inspections in order to check the progress and the quality of the work, and
to verify that Suppliers employees are properly qualified in their respective crafts, that
workmanship is of an acceptable grade, and that the requirements of the specifications are
being met.
5. Third party personnel responsible for verification (if required) and Purchasers inspectors shall
have free and safe access to fabrication and erection areas during the progress of the work to
ensure that the required quality of workmanship is attained.
6. Supplier shall compile, retain and submit to Purchaser the following construction records:
a. Mill certificates
b. Material trace records
c. Tubular fabrication records
d. Weld procedure qualification records

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e. Welders qualification tests and welder lists


f.

Weld inspection records

g. Dimensional tolerance reports


h. Coating inspection records
i.

Cathodic protection system inspection records

j.

Flooding and grouting system inspection and pressure test records

k. Riser inspection records


6.2

Tests
6.2.1

Jacket Members
1. The internal clearance of the pile spacers or centralizers provided inside the jacket
legs and skirt sleeves shall be checked with a hand-held circular drift to ensure free
passage of the piles.
2. Drift shall be cylindrical.
3. Supplier shall submit details of the drifting tool and procedure to Purchaser for review.
4. The legs and skirt pile sleeves shall be drifted at the following stages of fabrication:
a. after welding pile guides inside legs,
b. after welding braces to legs at panel (bent) assembly stage,
c. after welding tie-in braces to legs after roll-ups, and
d. launch legs after loadout.
5. Each pile section shall be drifted to ensure straightness and that internal diameters are
not excessively oval, obstructed or in any way present a hindrance to the installation
of piles.
6. When permanent buoyancy or temporary buoyancy for transportation or installation
(launch/upending) is required for installation, jacket legs shall be pneumatically tested
prior to loadout to ensure their water-tightness.
a. Jacket legs (including the closures) shall be individually and independently tested
with compressed air to a pressure of expected (dive) depth plus 10 percent or
15 psig (10.3 bar g) or recommended test pressure by the closure manufacturer,
whichever is larger. This pressure shall be maintained for a period of 24 hours
without further addition of air or loss of pressure, making due allowance for
ambient temperature changes.
b. The Supplier shall examine joints for tightness using soap solution or other
indicator accepted by Purchaser. Leaks or other defects discovered by the testing
and caused by faulty workmanship shall be repaired by the Supplier.

6.2.2

Diaphragms, Wiper Plugs and Grout System


1. Diaphragms shall be tested by the manufacturer prior to delivery to Suppliers yard.
a. Test pressure on the diaphragms shall be at least 1.5 times the working pressure.
b. After delivery, care must be taken with the diaphragms and wiper plugs to prevent
damage.

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2. In-place tests of diaphragms and wiper plugs, if any, must be performed in accordance
with Manufacturers recommendations. Manufacturer shall monitor and assist
Supplier during installation of these diaphragms and wiper plugs.
3. Supplier shall provide yard space and any necessary labor or equipment to assist
Manufacturer in assembling the diaphragm and wiper plugs.
4. Supplier shall prepare a plan for testing and pressure monitoring of the grout system
as the following:
a. Grout lines shall be pressure tested, at a pressure of 1.5 times the working
pressure, for not less than 30 minutes. Leaks shall be repaired.
b. Grout lines shall be internally cleaned prior to testing and loadout to remove weld
slag and other debris.
c. Grouting valves shall be lubricated and test operated before loadout to ensure that
the valve control risers and valves operate smoothly and freely.
d. Grout packers shall be tested in accordance with Manufacturers specifications.
Packers shall be tested after weld out of leg cans and before roll up of jacket bents.
6.2.3

Jacket Piping Systems


1. Piping (including pre-installed risers and J-tubes) shall be tested hydrostatically by
Supplier to 1.5 times the operating pressure.
2. Piping systems shall be flushed with fresh water prior to hydrotesting.
3. If water is used for cleaning or hydrostatic testing, the water shall contain a nonfouling rust preventive compound, or the items shall be thoroughly flushed with a
non-fouling rust preventive compound.
4. Water shall be removed from the piping after testing by blowing with clean dry air.
5. Visual inspection shall be conducted on welds, in addition to other specified
inspection requirements.
6. As a final check, floodable compartments shall be pressure-tested with air to
10 psig (0.7 bar g), and witnessed over 24 hours to ensure that the compartments are
tight after loadout (5 psig [0.3 bar g] is to be left in the compartments during
transportation and checked for integrity of the system just prior to launch).

6.2.4

Flooding System
1. Flood lines shall be pressure tested, at 1.5 times the working pressure, for not less than
30 minutes.
a. For small jackets with the flooding system consisting solely of a nipple and flood
valve, the test shall be performed at the jacket leg test pressure of 15 psig
(10.3 bar g).
b. Leaks shall be repaired in accordance with an accepted repair procedure.
2. Flood lines shall be internally cleaned prior to testing and loadout to remove weld slag
and other debris.

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3. Flooding valves shall be lubricated and test operated before loadout to ensure that the
valve control risers and valves operate smoothly and freely.
a. After testing, the valves shall be checked to ensure that they are properly oriented
according to the flooding plan.
b. Valves shall be checked to ensure that the protective caps and other obstructions
that may hinder proper operation are not present.
4. Where applicable, functional operation of the pneumatic flooding control panel shall
be performed to ensure proper operation.
6.2.5

Field Installed Items


1. Prior to loadout, Supplier shall demonstrate to satisfaction of Purchaser, by means of
trial fit that structural elements furnished separately for assembly at the offshore
installation site will fit, without forcing or requiring special fitting offshore.
2. Demonstration of fit shall be accomplished by trial fit.
3. With Purchaser acceptance, Supplier may demonstrate trial fit by measurement.
4. Measurement procedure shall be submitted for review by Purchaser.

6.2.6

J-Tubes
1. Supplier shall pig J-tubes with a cleaning pig to remove mill scale and hard deposits.
2. Supplier shall also pig J-tubes with a gauging pig.
3. Final J-tubes inside diameter shall not be less than 95 percent of the original inside
diameter.
4. Pig types and procedures shall be submitted to Purchaser prior to pigging.

6.3

Inspections
6.3.1

General
1. Purchaser may use any method of inspection necessary to establish quality control and
ensure adherence to specific offshore platform fabrication procedures.
2. Materials and workmanship shall be subject to inspection at any time by Purchaser.
3. When, in the judgment of Purchaser, any work area or section should be inspected,
Supplier shall thoroughly clean it of excess and waste materials, such as sand, slag,
weld spatter, used electrodes, etc. and allow sufficient time for it to be properly
inspected. Supplier shall furnish, install and maintain in a safe operating condition the
necessary scaffolding, ladders, walkways, adequate lighting, etc. for a safe and
thorough inspection by Purchaser.
4. Purchaser will review changes in plans, material purchases and services not included
in the specifications, and will inspect work performed by Supplier.

6.3.2

Inspection Requirements
1. Minimum inspection points shall be in accordance with Table 2. At a minimum,
Supplier shall provide the inspections listed in Table 2.
2. Inspection of welds shall be in accordance with Purchaser specification FFS-SU-5216.

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6.4

FFS-SU-5218

Fabrication Tolerance Control Plan


1. Supplier shall establish a dedicated Fabrication Tolerance Control Plan.
2. A detailed description of this plan shall be submitted to Purchaser for review, comment and
acceptance within a time frame agreed upon at award of contract, prior to the beginning of
yard fabrication.
3. Fabrication tolerances shall be consistent with the design tolerances shown in the structural
drawings.

7.0

PREPARATION FOR LOADOUT AND TRANSPORTATION

7.1

General
1. Purchaser shall interface with Marine Warranty Surveyor (MWS) and seek MWSs consent in
performing the following works:
a. Review loadout plan.
b. Review seafastening and tiedown, including internal seafastening.
c. Perform inspection of the vessel and all vessel related operations prior to loadout.
d. Perform inspection of the loadout related areas (fabrication yard bulkhead, skidding system and foundation, and loadout/lifting equipment), and the structure itself prior to loadout.
e. Perform final inspection of the structure after loadout but prior to transport for damages
due to loadout.
f.

Review and attend loadout operations.

2. Supplier shall provide the Warranty Surveyor the required information and inspection access.
3. Supplier shall repair damage to the structures, equipment, and protective coatings that occurs
during the loadout or tie-down. This work shall be completed to the satisfaction of Purchaser
prior to transport to the installation site.
4. Supplier shall provide items associated with loadout and seafastening including:
a. Overall loadout plan, including soil stability calculations.
b. Appropriate support and/or equipment to move the fabricated component from the erection locations to the designated vessel by way of an acceptable loadout methods (skidding,
rolling, transporting, or lifting), which are suitable for the platform and components loadout onto the required cargo vessels.
c. Platform and components seafastening.
d. Labor, materials and equipment required for the loadout and seafastening operation.
5. Supplier shall interface with Transportation Supplier for issues associated with loadout
planning and execution.
7.2

Loadout Plan
Supplier shall prepare and submit to Purchaser, at least 120 days prior to the scheduled date for the
loadout, a detailed plan including the minimum requirements shown in Table 3.

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7.3

FFS-SU-5218

Loadout by Skids, Rollers, Transport Trailers or Others


7.3.1

Loadout Analysis
1. Loadout of the platform and components shall be the sole responsibility of Supplier.
2. Supplier shall be responsible for developing a loadout plan, performing a detailed
loadout analysis, and ensuring that structure member stresses do not exceed API and
AISC basic allowables during any stage of loadout.
3. The loadout plan shall include performing detailed 3D computer stress analysis
including structural force and deformation calculation of the structure and cargo as per
basis of design.
4. The loadout analyses shall include studies to determine the allowable differential
deflections at the structure support points which shall become the basis for deflection
tolerances during loadout.
5. A detailed ballasting plan shall be furnished to the Owner and MWS for review.
6. Due to wide range of loadout methods, it is not possible to cover all aspects of every
loadout scheme. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the Supplier to propose a project
specific loadout method and demonstrate to the Purchasers satisfaction that it can be
done safely and in a controlled manner.

7.3.2

Modifications
1. Supplier shall provide for the dock and dockside modifications necessary for loadout
of the jacket onto the launch barge. Modifications shall include providing necessary
reaction and mooring points for the barge and performing any dredging required for
the barge, strengthening the quayside, etc.
2. Supplier shall protect the barges from excessive motions due to environmental loading
or wave action from other vessels on the waterway during loadout.

7.3.3

Skidway and Loadout Steelwork


1. Supplier shall design, procure, fabricate and install onshore runway beams/skidways
and bulkhead-to-barge transition beams suitable for loadout onto the barge. Supplier
shall also provide slings, rigging and other aids necessary for loadout.
2. Skid beams shall be checked to have sufficient spanning capacity to redistribute
reactions when supports are deflected.
3. Leg supported structures shall require loadout steelwork. Consideration must be given
to redundancy among the supports.
4. The support steelwork must be designed to distribute transportation forces into the
barge structure.
5. When heavy transports are employed, support points shall be checked to ensure
sufficient local strength.

7.3.4

Loadout Equipment and Appurtenances


1. Supplier shall design, fabricate and weld out the lugs required for loadout. The
minimum coefficient of friction to be used for the design is 0.15, and stresses shall be
limited to basic allowable.

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2. Supplier shall submit detailed drawings and calculations to Purchaser for review prior
to commencing fabrication.
3. Supplier shall provide redundancy for any potential system failure that will endanger
the safety of the jacket and Topsides facilities because of fluctuating tides or other
prevailing conditions.
4. If Supplier elects to utilize systems on the launch barge to assist in the loadout,
Supplier shall be responsible for providing backup for these systems when warranted.
7.4

Loadout by Lifting
1. The following is applicable to loadout by lifting method only.
2. Additional movement by skidding, rolling, or transporting to the lifting location shall meet the
requirements specified in the previous section.
3. Lift Analysis
a. Supplier shall perform a three dimensional computer stress analyses of the structure to be
lifted off the transport barge as per design basis and demonstrate to the Purchasers satisfaction that it can be done safely and in a controlled manner.
b. Member and joint stresses shall not exceed API and AISC basic allowable stresses during
any stage of loadout.

7.5

Pile and Appurtenance Loadout


1. Supplier shall be responsible for loadout of piles. For pile loadout by lift, sufficient numbers of
lift pick-up points shall be used to avoid overstress due to pile self weight.
2. Supplier shall perform computer stress analyses of the pile to be lifted off the transport barge
as per design basis and demonstrate to the Purchasers satisfaction that it can be done safely
and in a controlled manner.
3. Supplier shall be responsible for loadout of appurtenances and shipped loose components.
Shipped loose items shall be properly packaged and non-coated appurtenances shall be
shipped in sealed containers.
4. Supplier shall prepare sketches of the loadout scheme for piles and appurtenances for
Purchaser review. Layout on cargo barge shall be prepared in accordance to Installation
Supplier requirements

7.6

Inventory List
Supplier shall be responsible for providing Purchaser with an inventory list of shipped loose items
which will be loaded out onto the cargo barges.

7.7

Decision to Commence Loadout


The decision to commence loadouts shall be made jointly by Supplier, Purchaser and Warranty
Surveyor.

7.8

Tie-Down and Seafastening


7.8.1

General
1. Supplier shall provide the labor, equipment, supervision and materials necessary to
tie-down, seafasten or otherwise secure the platform components to the barge(s).

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2. The fabrication and installation of the seafastening and tie-down to suit the cargo/
launch barge shall be the responsibility of Supplier.
3. Supplier shall design the tie-down and seafastening as per design basis and
demonstrate to the Purchasers satisfaction that the tie-down and seafasting is
adequate for transportation of the cargo for the selected vessel and route.
4. Supplier shall rig the jacket for launch by resetting jacks or winches and Supplier
required rigging gear.
5. Supplier shall also load and secure the items required for seafastening removal as
supplied by the platform installer.
6. Supplier shall verify to the satisfaction of Purchaser that consoles, equipment, etc., are
properly secured for transport. When required, Supplier shall design, procure,
fabricate and install additional seafastening components.
7. Vessel or cargo barge ballasting shall be brought to seagoing condition prior to
seafastening the cargo/module to avoid additional locked-in loads and stresses in the
vessel, seafastening components and grillage, and cargo/module itself.
8. Review sea fastening design provided by Transportation supplier.
7.8.2

Certification
1. Supplier shall receive certification of the adequacy of the seafasterning and barge
preparation by an independent licensed marine surveyor prior to each structure
leaving the dock.
2. In addition, certification from local government inspector may also need to be
obtained.

7.8.3

Navigational Aids
Supplier shall install navigational aids on the superstructure ready for use during
transportation.

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8.0

FFS-SU-5218

TABLES

Table 1: Tolerances (1 of 2)
Item

Tolerance

Primary Structure for Jacket and Decks


1.

Horizontal distance from the centerline of any leg to the centerline of an adjacent
leg at each horizontal framing level

1/4" (6 mm)

2.

Alignment of adjacent columns relative to the panel plane of each horizontal


framing level

1/4"(6 mm)

3.

Angle between transverse column lines and longitudinal platform faces at each
horizontal framing level

4.

Vertical distance between adjacent horizontal bracing levels

1/2" (12 mm)

5.

Alignment of bracing with bracing panel plane

1/2" (12 mm)

6.

Overall length of jacket leg

3" (75 mm)

7.

Distance between actual centerlines of bracing girth weld and the outside of the
closest intersecting brace weld

1" (25 mm)

8.

Distance between the thickened joint can girth weld and the outside of the closest
intersecting brace weld

1" (25 mm)

9.

Difference between diagonals of a rectangular plan layout

3/4" (18 mm)

10.

Distance between skid beams on top of main girders at any point along length

3/8" (9.5 mm)

11.

Differential elevation of skid beam flanges

1 minute

a. Overall

1/2" (12 mm)

b. At adjacent legs

1/4" (6 mm)

12.

Width of flange on skid beam

1/8" (3 mm)

13.

Straightness of any 40 foot length of flange on a skid beam

3/8" (9.5 mm)

Stairways and Grating


1.

Difference between elevation of grating at seams

1/16" (1.5 mm)

2.

Vertical distance between stair treads in one flight

1/8" (3 mm)

Boat Landings
1.

Horizontal distance between boat landing supports

1/8" (3 mm)

2.

Distance in vertical elevation between bottom boat landing supports

1/4" (6 mm)

Conductor Guides
1.

Deviation of conductor guides from vertical alignment of other guides

1/2" (12 mm)

2.

Distance between conductor guides at one framing level for one well bay

1/4" (6 mm)

3.

Deviation in centerline of conductor guides along one slot

1/2" (12 mm)

Skirt Pile Guides


1.

Center point location measured horizontally at each framing

2.

Batter of guides, center point location of top of guide with respect to bottom of
guide

September 2008

2006-2008 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved.

1/4" (6 mm)
1/8" (3 mm)

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Table 1: Tolerances (2 of 2)
Item

Tolerance

Launch Rail
1.

Overall length of launch cradle

2" (50 mm)

2.

Width of launch cradle

1/8" (3 mm)

3.

Spacing between adjacent stiffener plates

1/4" (6 mm)

4.

Dimensions on cradle drawings that locate the closely spaced stiffeners with
respect to the horizontal levels of jacket framing

1/2" (12 mm)

5.

Straightness of any 40 foot length

3/8" (9.5 mm)

Piles
1.

Size of weld beads utilized as shear lugs

1" (25 mm)

2.

Overall length of pile

1" (25 mm)

Decks and Modules (1)


1.

Horizontal distance between adjacent module support points

1/4" (6 mm)

2.

Difference between diagonal measurements at module support points

3/4" (18 mm)

3.

Distance between parallel trusses

3/8" (9.5 mm)

4.

Alignment of truss members relative to plane of truss

1/4" (6 mm)

5.

Vertical distance between horizontal framing levels

1/4" (6 mm)

6.

Angle between perpendicular trusses

7.

Horizontal centerline location of deck and cap beams at ends

3/8" (9.5 mm)

8.

Horizontal alignment of deck beams

1/4"/10'(6 mm/
250 mm)

9.

Vertical centerline of deck and cap beams

1/8" (3 mm)

10.

Vertical alignment of deck and cap beams

1/8"/10'(3 mm/
250 mm)

11.

Horizontal location of deck and cap beams

1/2" (12 mm)

12.

Vertical location of deck and cap beam ends

1/8" (3 mm)

13.

Top flange rotation of deck and cap beams (edge/edge)

1/8" (3 mm)

14.

Differential elevations between support points on the same module

15.

Deck leg lengths

1 minute

1/8" (3 mm)
1/4" (6 mm)

Flare Boom (if applicable)


1.

Relative three-dimensional position of upper support points

1/4" (6 mm)

2.

Relative position of lower support point

1" (25 mm)

Note (1):Deck beams shall be erected with the top flanges level or to the specified slope. Deck beams
shall be erected with the webs plumb. Distortion of deck beams from welding shall be corrected
or otherwise compensated so that the tolerances of this Table are met.

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Fabrication of Platform Structures for


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Table 2: Extent of Inspection


Purchaser (1)

Item
W

Supplier (1)
G

Mechanical test at the mill


Mill sheet review at the site

Receiving inspection of material

Mark shift identification (5)

Plate edge inspection after cutting (3) (6)

Fit-up inspection

Visual inspection after welding (3)

Nondestructive examination (4)

Gauge inspection

Dimensional

Pressure test

Final inspection

Seafastening inspection

Notes:

(1) Definitions:
W = Witness
R = Record review
S = Spot check
G = General surveillance
(2) Inspection stages (hold points) shall be shown in a Fabrication Sequence Diagram (FSD) prepared
by Supplier.
(3) Purchaser Representative to witness 100% of activity shown for primary members and make
inspections required at hold points shown in FSD.
(4) S includes UT calibration, procedure and field work check; R includes 100% review of
radiographs and reader sheets, UT and MT reports, and weld map review.
(5) Material traceability.
(6) Primary to primary member T,K,Y joints and erection stage tubular butt joints. Primary members
are defined as members manufactured from Type A through D material.

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Fabrication of Platform Structures for


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Table 3: Loadout Manual Minimum Requirements


1.

An explanation of the organization and responsibilities of the loadout team.

2.

Description of the component to be loaded out, including estimated weights and center-of-gravity
locations.

3.

Details of site preparations required prior to the initiation of the loadout operations.

4.

Details of vessel preparations required prior to and after the initiation of the loadout operations.

5.

Detailed step by step listing of operational procedures, including engineering drawings that are
necessary to explain the operations.

6.

Description of the surveying scheme to be used to monitor the load and/or deflection tolerances for
component and loadout equipment.

7.

Detailed checklists for appropriate phases of the loadout operations.

8.

Engineering information on the loadout equipment (including slings), preferably current certification or
inspection certificates.

9.

Tidal data along with an explanation of how the tidal conditions will influence loadout operations.

10.

Notification requirements for external agencies and authorities.

11.

Details of ballasting operations and equipment.

12.

Limiting environmental criteria for the performance of the work.

13.

Vessel mooring details during and after loadout.

14.

Envelopes of safe operation for the major pieces of equipment involved.

15.

Contingency and recovery plans detailing the actions to be taken in the event of equipment failures,
deterioration of weather conditions or other considerations.

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FFS-SU-5218

FIGURES

Figure 1:

Beam and Plate Girder Web Stiffener Tolerances

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Fabrication of Platform Structures for


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Figure 2:

FFS-SU-5218

Plate Girder Tolerances

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Fabrication of Platform Structures for


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Figure 3:

FFS-SU-5218

Plate Girder Flange and Web Offsets

September 2008

2006-2008 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved.

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