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# 1.

Standarisasi Larutan
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Komposisi
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
Maka,
A
B

Brix
1.5
2.5
3.5
4.5
5.5
6.5
X = (Y- B)/A

7
6
5

R = 1

4
Brix 3
2
1

10
0.5

0
0%

10%

20%

## 2. Menentukan fraksi mol etanol air

Ln Psat = 18,9119 - (3803,98/T-41,68)
No.

Komposisi
1
2
3
4
5
6

15%
25%
35%
40%
45%
50%

Temperatur
Kesetimbangan (K)
369.65
365.15
361.15
358.65
356.15
353.65

Temperatur
Kesetimbangan (C)
96.5
92
88
85.5
83
80.5

## Komposisi XW dan YD Percobaan pada Temperatur Kesetimbangan

0.5
0.4
0.3
Fraksi Massa Etanol

Xw
Yd

0.2
0.1
0
352 354 356 358 360 362 364 366 368 370 372
Temperatur (K)

30%

7
6
5

## f(x) = 10x + 0.5

R = 1

4
x 3
2
1
0
0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

%V

Konsentrasi
Cairan awal (Brix)
2
3
4
4.5
5
5.5

## Fraksi Massa Etanol

Fasa Uap ( Yd)
0.0788528077
0.2056613294
0.366905491
0.3940890201
0.4140822107
0.4276928884
Literatur (Geankoplis, 1993)
Temperatur (oC)

atur Kesetimbangan

Fasa Cair (Xw)
0.0399473444
0.1224331454
0.25307388
0.2985889604
0.345144357
0.3927761491

Xw
Yd

100
98.1
95.2
91.8
87.3
84.7
83.2
82
81
80.1
79.1
78.3
78.2

78.1
78.2
78.3

6
5
4
Brix

## f(x) = 10x + 0.5

R = 1

3
2
1
0
10%

15%

20%

25%

30%

35%

40%

45%

Konsentrasi Etanol (% V)

Konsentrasi
Etanol Fasa Uap (Brix)

Konsentrasi Etanol
Fasa Cair (Brix)

6
5
3.5
3
2.5
2

1
2
3.5
4
4.5
5

0
0.02
0.05
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
0.94

0
0.192
0.377
0.527
0.656
0.713
0.746
0.771
0.794
0.822
0.858
0.912
0.942

Komposisi
Etanol Fasa Uap
0.55
0.45
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15

50%

55%

0.96
0.98
1

0.959
9.78
1

ntrasi Etanol

40%

45%

50%

Psat Air
Temperatur (K)
Kesetimbangan
(K)
369.65
365.15
361.15
358.65
356.15
353.65

55%

Komposisi
Etanol Fasa Cair

0.05
0.15
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45

X2 X
X 2 X1

10
10
10
10
10
10

M 1

X X1
X 2 X1

Volume ( ml )
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

100
100
100
100
100
100

M 2

Literatur
Temperatur (C)
96.5
92
88
85.5
83
80.5
Percobaan
Temperatur
Kesetimbangan (K)

Temperatur (K)
369.65
365.15
361.15
358.65
356.15
353.65

Temperatur
Kesetimbangan (C)

Xw

Yd

0.0365517241
0.0970588235
0.1844444444
0.2692307692
0.4133333333
0.625

0.2940689655
0.5181764706
0.6359333333
0.6954615385
0.7504
0.80225

Xw

Yd

369.65
365.15
361.15
358.65
356.15
353.65

96.5
92
88
85.5
83
80.5

0.0399473444
0.1224331454
0.25307388
0.2985889604
0.345144357
0.3927761491

Temperatur (K)
369.65
365.15
361.15
358.65
356.15
353.65

K Literatur
8.0452830189
5.3387878788
3.4478313253
2.5831428571
1.815483871
1.2836

K Percobaan
1.9739186368
1.6797847411
1.4497959684
1.3198378788
1.1997362912
1.0888973004

0.0788528077
0.2056613294
0.366905491
0.3940890201
0.4140822107
0.4276928884

Hubungan Temp
10
8
6
K

4
2
0
352

354

356

358

## P sat air (mmHg)

669.8057432621
567.1298424815
487.2058195261
442.2049917892
400.7338290159
362.5709529092
Air (g/ml)

In Psat air
6.5069877349
6.3405882766
6.1886866612
6.0917735569
5.9932974389
5.8932201873
Etanol (g/ml)

0.998
0.998
0.998
0.998
0.998
0.998

0.789
0.789
0.789
0.789
0.789
0.789

Massa Air
Massa Etanol
Fasa Cair In Psat etanol
Fasa Cair (gram)
(gram)
3.945
94.81
7.313339156
11.835
84.83 7.1519840882
23.67
69.86 7.0047412684
27.615
64.87 6.9108273433
31.56
59.88 6.8154202086
35.505
54.89 6.7184839664

## Kurva Hubungan Temperatur terhadap Fraksi Massa Xw dan Yd pada Per

1
0.8
0.6
Fraksi Massa Xw dan Yd

0.4
0.2
0
352

354

356

358

360

362

364

366

Temperatur (K)
Xw Literatur

Yd Literatur

Xw Percobaan

Yd Pe

0.2
0
352

354

356

358

360

362

364

366

Temperatur (K)
Xw Literatur

Yd Literatur

10
8
6

K Literatur
K Percobaan

4
2
0
352

354

356

358

360

362

364

Temperatur (K)

366

368

370

372

Xw Percobaan

Yd Pe

P sat etanol
P total (mmHg)
K
(mmHg)
1500.1781639751
760 1.97391864
1276.636403211
760 1.67978474
1101.8449359696
760 1.44979597
1003.076787925
760 1.31983788
911.7995813249
760 1.19973629
827.5619482701
760 1.0888973

## sa Xw dan Yd pada Percobaan dan Literatur

360

362

364

366

368

Temperatur (K)
Xw Percobaan

Yd Percobaan

370

372

360

362

364

366

368

Temperatur (K)
Xw Percobaan

Yd Percobaan

370

372

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