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Lord of the Flies is an allegorical novel by Nobel Prize-winning author William Golding.

It discusses how culture created by man fails, using as an example a group of British
schoolboys stuck on a deserted island who try to govern themselves, but with disastrous
results.
Published in 1954, Lord of the Flies was Goldings first novel, and although it was not a
great success at the timeselling fewer than three thousand copies in the United States
during 1955 before going out of printit soon went on to become a bestseller, and by the
early 1960s was required reading in many schools and colleges. It was adapted to film in
1963 by Peter Brook, and again in 1990 by Harry Hook.
The title of the book, in turn, has itself become a metaphor for a power struggle in a
chaotic situation.
The Lord of the Flies contains twelve titled chapters
Golding write the novel in the third person perspective. There is one omniscient
narrator. Although the book generally follows Ralph, it occasionally breaks off and
follows another character for a time. This entire book is autobiographical in that it tells
us something the author wants to show us. Golding tries to teach us and warn us of the
evil nature of mankind. He says through the book that we are evil and that it is only
society that keeps us from committing crimes.
Golding makes his novel come alive with a significant use of symbolism, physiological
development, and general truths. His writing style is simple but the subject matter is
deep. He uses a rather comparatively simple story to convey a weighty idea.
Lord of the Flies tells the story of a group of English schoolboys marooned on a tropical
island after their plane is shot down during a war. Though the novel is fictional, its
exploration of the idea of human evil is at least partly based on Goldings experience
with the real-life violence and brutality of World War II. Free from the rules and
structures of civilization and society, the boys on the island in Lord of the Flies descend
into savagery. As the boys splinter into factions, some behave peacefully and work
together to maintain order and achieve common goals, while others rebel and seek only
anarchy and violence. In his portrayal of the small world of the island, Golding paints a
broader portrait of the fundamental human struggle between the civilizing instinctthe
impulse to obey rules, behave morally, and act lawfullyand the savage instinctthe
impulse to seek brute power over others, act selfishly, scorn moral rules, and indulge in
violence.

Social and political sceptism , fabulation is an other tendency. Very pessimistic view,
people is show deviated of normality, the brake down the civilization values. Appears
apocalyptic elements.