Anda di halaman 1dari 4

STAINLESS STEEL/Fe-Co-Ni SEBAGAI ELEKTROKATALIS

PADA REAKSI EVOLUSI HIDROGEN

ABSTRAK
Oleh
Isana Supiah Yosephine Louise
Sifat-sifat stainless steel memungkinkan dimanfaatkan sebagai elektroda, tetapi
perlu diupayakan peningkatan efektivitas katalitiknya. Oleh karena itu perlu
dilakukan pelapisan dengan logam yang bersifat katalitik, seperti Fe, Co dan Ni pada
substrat stainless steel. Logam-logam Fe, Co dan Ni selain bersifat katalitik juga
memiliki ukuran relatif sama, sifat-sifat mirip, mudah diperoleh dan relatif murah.
Preparasi dan karakterisasi stainless steel/Fe-Co-Ni sebagai elektrokatalis pada
reaksi evolusi hidrogen telah dipelajari. Penelitian ini bertujuan memperbaiki sifat
stainless steel sebagai elektroda pada elektrolisis air sehingga memiliki aktivitas
katalilitik terhadap reaksi evolusi hidrogen. Stainless steel/Fe-Co-Ni dibuat melalui
pelapisan substrat stainless steel dengan logam tunggal Fe, Co dan Ni, komposit
logam biner Fe-Co, Fe-Ni dan Co-Ni, dan komposit logam terner Fe-Co-Ni, menurut
metoda voltametrik linear dengan menggunakan elektroda kerja stainless steel,
elektroda pembanding Ag/AgCl dan elektroda kontra platinum. Elektroda terner
dibuat dengan memvariasi kandungan Fe (stainless steel/Fe1-5-Co-Ni). Karakter
stainless steel ditentukan dengan scanning electron microscopic-energy-dispersive Xray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX), optical emmision spectrometer (OES), voltametri dan
gas sorption analyzer (GSA). Karakter elektroda tunggal dan biner ditentukan dengan
SEM dan voltametri. Karakter elektroda terner dianalisis dengan SEM-EDX,
voltametri dan GSA. Elektroda tunggal, biner dan terner digunakan sebagai elektroda
pada reaksi evolusi hidrogen dengan cara elektrolisis air dalam suasana basa dengan
penambahan NaHCO3 sebanyak 1 - 5 gram per liter air.
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa elektroda stainless steel/Fe-Co-Ni:
tunggal, biner dan terner dapat dibuat dengan metoda voltametri linear. Hasil analisis
EDX dan OES stainless steel menunjukkan kadar Fe = 80-82%, Co = 0,03-0,05% dan
Ni = 0-0,31%. Hasil GSA menunjukkan luas muka spesifik, volume pori total dan
jejari pori stainless steel masing-masing sebesar 6,628 m2/g, 0,011 cc/g dan 32,836
. Data voltametri menunjukkan belum terjadi elektrodeposisi logam Fe, Co dan Ni,
karena signal oksidasi dan reduksi masih lemah, yang diperkuat dengan data
morfologi SEM yang belum muncul bercak-bercak. Hasil analisis voltametri
elektroda tunggal, biner dan terner menunjukkan telah terjadi elektrodeposisi logam
Fe, Co dan Ni pada substrat stainless steel karena munculnya signal oksidasi dan
reduksi yang signifikan, yang diperkuat dengan data morfologi SEM dengan
v

munculnya bercak-bercak. Hasil analisis EDX menunjukkan kadar Fe pada elektroda


stainless steel/Fe(1-5)-Co-Ni sebesar 57,09-74,71%. Data GSA menunjukkan bahwa
luas muka spesifik elektroda terner lebih besar dibandingkan stainless steel.
Elektroda terner memiliki aktivitas katalitik lebih baik untuk reaksi evolusi hidrogen
dibandingkan tunggal dan biner. Elektroda tunggal dan biner tidak selalu bersifat
katalitik terhadap reaksi evolusi hidrogen. Reaksi evolusi hidrogen paling baik
dengan penggunaan elektroda stainless steel/Fe1-Co-Ni dengan penambahan 5 gram
NaHCO3 (yakni 32,28 kali lebih baik bila dibandingkan dengan stainless steel, serta
1,9 dan 1,6 kali lebih baik bila dibandingkan elektroda tunggal dan biner).

Kata kunci: stainless steel, elektroda, elektrodeposisi, reaksi evolusi hidrogen,


elektrokatalis

vi

STAINLESS STEEL/Fe-Co-Ni AS ELECTROCATALYST ON


HYDROGEN EVOLUTION

ABSTRACT
By
Isana Supiah Yosephine Louise
The properties of stainless steel are possible to be used as electrode in the
other hand its catalytic activity needs to be increased. Hence its necessary to be
coated with metals which have catalytic properties, i.e. Fe, Co and Ni on stainless
steel substrate. Fe, Co and Ni metals do not only have catalytic activity but also have
the same size, identical properties, abundance and inexpensive.
The preparation and characterization of stainless steel/Fe-Co-Ni has been
studied for electrocatalyst of hydrogen evolution reaction. The purpose of the
research is improving the properties of stainless steel as electrode of water
electrolysis to have catalyst activity for hydrogen evolution reaction. The stainless
steel/Fe-Co-Ni electrodes were prepared by coating the stainless steel substrate with
singular Fe, Co, and Ni metals, binary Fe-Co, Fe-Ni, and Co-Ni composites, and
ternary Fe-Co-Ni composites, using linear voltammetric method with stainless steel
as working electrode, Ag/AgCl as reference electrode and platinum as counter
electrode. The ternary electrodes were prepared under the variation of Fe content
(stainless steel/Fe1-5-Co-Ni). The stainless steel characters were determined by
scanning electron microscopic-energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX),
optical emmision spectrometer (OES), voltammetric and gas sorption analyzer
(GSA). The characters of the singular and binary electrodes were determined by SEM
and voltammetric methods; and the ternary were analyzed by SEM-EDX,
voltammetric, and gas sorption analysis (GSA) methods. Those electrodes were used
for hydrogen evolution reaction by water electrolysis in basic condition with 1-5 g of
NaHCO3 in a litre of water.
The result showed that the stainless steel/Fe-Co-Ni electrodes: singular,
binary and ternary could be prepared by linear voltammetric method. The EDX and
OES analysis shown that the stainless steel contains Fe = 80-82%, Co = 0.03-0.05%
and Ni = 0-0.31%. The GSA analysis shown that specific surface area, pore volume
and pore radius of stainless steel were found to be 6.628 m2/g, 0.011 cc/g and 32.836
respectively. The voltammogram of the stainless steel indicates that
electrodeposition of Fe, Co and Ni metals was not occured, because of the weak
oxidation and reduction signal, being confirmed also by the SEM image without spot.
The voltammogram of singular, binary and ternary electrodes indicate that Fe, Co and
Ni metals were electrodeposited onto the stainless steel substrate shown by the
significant oxidation and reduction signal, that convinced also by the SEM image
vii

with spots. The EDX analysis of ternary electrodes show that the Fe content of the
stainless steel/Fe(1-5)-Co-Ni electrodes was found to be 57.09-74.71%. The GSA
analysis shown that specific surface area of the ternary electrodes was greater than
that of the stainless steel. The ternary electrode shown the best performance
compared to those of the singular and binary electrodes. The singular and binary
electrodes did not always show catalytic activity on hydrogen evolution reaction. The
catalytic activity of the ternary electrodes were found to be higher than that of the
singular and binary. The highest hydrogen electrogenerated was produced by the
stainless steel/Fe1-Co-Ni added with 5 g of NaHCO3 (it is 32.28 times greater than
that of the stainless steel, and 1.9 and 1.6 times greater than that of the singular and
binary).

Keywords: stainless steel, electrode, electrodepositition, hydrogen evolution reaction,


electrocatalyst

viii