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PRACTICAL PROBLEMS 1

1. What is the sample for compressive strength determination of a


structural concrete?
Answer: ______________________________________________
2. Why is that cooling an oven dried sample before weighing is
advisable?
Answer: ______________________________________________
3. What is the difference between hygroscopic moisture content from
natural moisture content?
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
4. Quality control testing in DPWH is the responsibility of:
Answer: ______________________________________________
5. As Materials Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling and
testing aggregates?
Answer: ______________________________________________

_____________________________________________________
14. Quality Control Assurance Report should be submitted every:
Answer: ______________________________________________
15. One of the duties of a Materials Engineer is make sure
construction materials are tested before _________________
Answer: ______________________________________________
16. Sample submitted for test should have a tag, bearing the name of
the project, the quantity represented, kind of sample, original source,
who sampled and who submitted it, the date sampled and date
submitted and etc. What is the common name of that tag for you as
Materials Engineer?
Answer: ______________________________________________
17. The ME should always be alert of his schedule with regards to
the number of days of quality tests that takes place. Since not all
construction materials can be tested just for a day or even a week so,
what lead time should he/she consider for a quality test of a cement
sample?
Answer: ______________________________________________

6. At no less than ____ intervals parallel to the centerline in each


direction from the affected location, additional cores are taken when
the measurement of any core taken from pavement is deficient in
thickness by more than 25 mm.
Answer: ______________________________________________

18. Heavy rains occur the night before your scheduled field density
test, are you going to pursue your schedule? Why?
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________

7. Under what climatic condition do we use lower penetration grade


or hard asphalt?
Answer: ______________________________________________

19. Checking the gradation of composite aggregate and asphalt


content of asphalt mix can be done by what test?
Answer: ______________________________________________

8. Failed samples do not necessarily mean the structure it represents


is defective. Why?
Answer: ______________________________________________

20. Significance of grading tests are, except:


Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________

9. Materials Quality Control Monthly Report is composed of:


Answer: ______________________________________________
10. Before the project starts, the Materials Engineer or the technician
must have a program on how many samples for each item of work
should be tested based on the minimum testing requirements. What
program or report is this?
Answer: ______________________________________________
11. If the sample splitter is not available for use in reducing sampling
for test, what is the alternative way of reducing sample for testing
size?
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
12. As the work progresses, the Materials Engineer should know how
many sample has been submitted and tested and how many samples
are to be submitted, in other words, the ME must refer to what report
so that he/she may be updated on the balance and on file quality test
of the construction?
Answer: ______________________________________________
13. After the soil has been tested in the Abrasion Machine, the mass
% of wear computed is equal to 21%. If this material is for Item 201,
does it pass the DPWH specs? Why?
Answer: ______________________________________________

21. Significance of plasticity index are, except:


Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
22. In roadway construction test on sub grade, the following will
determine the economical thickness, except:
Answer: ______________________________________________
23. Equipment for initial rolling for Item 203
Answer: ______________________________________________
24. Equipment for final rolling for Item 2013
Answer: ______________________________________________
25. The concrete pavement surface shows high spots of 15 mm in a
3-meter straight edge. The concrete in the area represented by these
high spots:
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
26. The calibration of the Universal Testing Machine is conducted:
Answer: ______________________________________________

PRACTICAL PROBLEMS 1
27. Why is trial section conducted in sub-base or base course
construction?
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
28. What does bleeding in newly paved asphalt mean?
Answer: ______________________________________________
29. A good subgrade soil should have the following;
Answer: ______________________________________________
30. Two tests are done in one lot sample. The test differs from each
other, third test is given. What will be this test?
Answer: ______________________________________________
31. If no beam sample was taken to determine the strength of
concrete pavement, is it allowed in DPWH specs to use core
samples to determine the strength? What is the required
compressive strength?
Answer: ______________________________________________
32. What is the significance of field density test?
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
33. Weighing hot sample is not advisable because it affects the
accuracy of the result. True or false?
Answer: ______________________________________________
34. How to prepare or to come up with an air-dried sample?
Answer: ______________________________________________
35. If it is impossible to air-dry the sample under the heart of the sun,
what alternative should be used?
Answer: ______________________________________________
36. What is particle size analysis?
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
37. What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test especially if it
deals with chemicals?
Answer: ______________________________________________
38. What is the required size of calibrated sand used for field density
test?
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
39. How to determine if the fine aggregate reaches the saturated dry
condition?
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
40. All records regarding quality control such as accomplishment,
daily activities, weather, etc., are recorded in a ___________.
Answer: ______________________________________________
41. Rolling of bituminous mix shall be discontinued wherever it
begins to produce excessive _______ or _______.
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________

42. If there is a necessity to add water to concrete mix in order to


increase its workability (provided concrete does not exceed specified
slump), how many minutes after the initial time of mixing does adding
water be permitted?
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
43. Who will approve the job-mix formula?
Answer: ______________________________________________
44. When is the right time to compact asphalt pavement in order to
attain the required density?
Answer: ______________________________________________
45. What has to be done in order to determine the number of passes
that would attain the required density?
Answer: ______________________________________________
46. In Item 310, how is rolling be done?
Answer: It should begin from the sides and proceed longitudinally
parallel towards the centerline, each trip overlapping ____ the rollers
width.
47. After the final rolling, what will be checked?
Answer: ______________________________________________
48. When will the traffic be permitted to utilize the pavement?
Answer: ______________________________________________
49. How do we take sample from the finish pavement?
Answer: ______________________________________________
50. In transporting concrete what is the time elapsed from the time
water is added to the mix until the concrete is deposited in-place at
the site?
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
51. What shall be done if cracks appear at or near the joint prior to
the time of sawing?
Answer: ______________________________________________
52. The ME of the contractor is directly under the supervision of the
___.
Answer: ______________________________________________
53. The requisites in transporting sampling of the laboratory is well
packed in durable containers to avoid damages in transit,
accompanied by a ___ in detail and duly signed by the ME.
Answer: ______________________________________________
54. Who has the power to recommend the acceptance or rejection of
construction materials for use in the project based in test results?
Answer: ______________________________________________
55. Type of coring bit used in rock coring.
Answer: ______________________________________________
56. C.Q.C.A. means ___.
Answer: ______________________________________________

PRACTICAL PROBLEMS 1
57. There is a failure of flexural strength in the pavement, what will
you recommend as the ME of the firm?
Answer: ______________________________________________

71. The blue book requires that the base course be compacted at
least ___ by ___.
Answer: ______________________________________________

58. When loads have been arriving at the spreader with the material
peaked or doomed up and load suddenly appears in which the
material lies flat, what does it indicate?
Answer: ______________________________________________

72. During construction, delivered materials are different from those


that passed the requirements. If you are in doubt, what will you do?
Answer: ______________________________________________

59. Group index is an empirical number ranging from 0 to 20 under


average conditions of good drainage and adequate compaction. The
supporting value of a material as subgrade may be assumed as an
inverse ratio to its group index of zero indicates ___.
Answer: ______________________________________________
60. It is prescribes in each project based on estimated quantities and
specifies the kind and number of tests of each item of work.
Answer: ______________________________________________
61. It is equally important as testing, and the sampler shall ensure
every precaution in obtaining samples from the field to show the
nature and condition of the materials which they represent.
Answer: ______________________________________________
62. A soil sample received from the field for subsequent tests by
reducing aggregations of particles into size which pass certain
sieves.
Answer: ______________________________________________
63. The procedure to recover relatively undisturbed soil samples
suitable for laboratory tests of structural properties.
Answer: ______________________________________________
64. The representative who will witness the testing of materials in an
accredited laboratory.
Answer: ______________________________________________
65. Samples obtained from the field with minimum disturbance by
using any drilling equipment that provides clean hole before insertion
of thin-walled tubes; that is, both the natural density and moisture
content are preserved as much as practicable.
Answer: ______________________________________________
66. The best enemy of construction.
Answer: ______________________________________________
67. It is the activity of monitoring planned schedule against actual
and by speed task to make-up for the past or future loss of time.
Answer: ______________________________________________
68. The maximum distance of the discharge point from the point of
deposit by pneumatic means.
Answer: ______________________________________________
69. It is the digging of soil after the final marking of the building
outline has been established on the ground.
Answer: ______________________________________________
70. Field density result of 88% degree of compaction obtained on
subgrade indicated what?
Answer: ______________________________________________

73. Geosynthetics may be used for ___, ___, & ___.


Answer: ______________________________________________
74. What should be done on the substance course with existing
moisture content of 10% higher than the optimum moisture content?
Answer: ______________________________________________
75. Steel bars are considered undersize if there is ____________.
Answer: ______________________________________________
76. Samples of aggregates for base course when tested for quality
failed in grading requirements. As ME, what will you recommend?
Answer: ______________________________________________
77. DPWH, thru Bureau of research & Standards, has prepared a
revised laboratory testing procedure manual, in order to be
consistent with the latest methods as prescribed under ___ & ___.
Answer/s: _____________________________________________
78. What category of contractor is required by the DPWH to have
laboratory equipment or apparatus in pre-bidding qualification?
Answer: ______________________________________________
79. Settlement of right of way problems should be done ___ the
construction.
Answer: ______________________________________________
80. What should be recommended if the surface test of a newly
asphalted pavement showed a lump?
Answer: ______________________________________________
81. Controlled Density Method in embankment construction involves
depositing and spreading materials in layers of not more than ___
depth (loose materials) and extending to the full width of the
embankment.
Answer: ______________________________________________
82. What is the work sequence on cylinder specimen?
Answer: ______________________________________________
83. When is the right time to remove the falsework of a continuous
structure?
Answer: ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
84. In the Twelve-Inch Layer Method embankment, the material shall
be deposited and spread in layers not more than ___ in depth (12)
of loose measurement, parallel to the finished grade and extending to
the full width of the embankment.
Answer: ______________________________________________
85. In Rock Embankment method, the material shall be deposited on
the fill and pushed over the end of the fill by means of a ____.
Answer: ______________________________________________

PRACTICAL PROBLEMS 1
86. In hydraulic Fill Method embankment, the material shall be taken
from ___ locations and shall be deposited so as to form the grace
and cross section and shall be thoroughly compacted.
Answer: ______________________________________________
87. What is the principal factor used in determining the thickness of
the pavement?
Answer: ______________________________________________
88. Placing and Removing Surcharge Method Embankment is used
when unsuitable material is present under the embankment
corrective work which consists of placing a ___ constructed to the full
width of the road bed. The surcharge shall remain in place until the
embankment has reached stability or the required settlement.
Answer: ______________________________________________
89. Hydraulic Construction Method embankment involves the
introduction of ___ in the embankment to accelerate consolidation.
Answer: ______________________________________________
90. The authorized hauling of materials in excess of the free haul
distance is ___.
Answer: ______________________________________________
91. What are the two kinds of control activities?
Answer: ______________________________________________
92. Liquid asphalt was introduces in road construction aside from
asphalt cement in order to ___ heating costs and for convenience in
road-mixing priming.
Answer: ______________________________________________
93. Clay soil becomes ___ when moisture content increases.
Granular material becomes ___ when it is dried.
Answer: _______________________, ______________________
94. Portland cement may be/shall be rejected if it has partially ___, it
contains lumps of cake cement and it comes from a discarded or
used bag.
Answer: ______________________________________________
95. More silt and clay content in fine aggregate is ___.
Answer: ______________________________________________
96. Lowering the water-cement ratio & maintaining other values or its
ingredients will ___ its strength.
Answer: ______________________________________________
97. Aggregates should be washed and stockpiled ___ hours prior to
batching.
Answer: ______________________________________________
98. Truck mixing shall begin within ____, upon cement has due
added.
Answer: ______________________________________________
99. Concrete delivered by agitation of truck mixer must be
discharged within 1 hour to 250 revolutions of the drum or loader to
avoid ___ and ___ setting of concrete.
Answer: ______________________________________________

100. True or False. The use of bituminous cold mix for potholes
patching during rainy or wet period is acceptable.
Answer: ______________________________________________
101. A Portland cement concrete pavement, 6.5m wide and 23cm
thick will be constructed for a total paved area of 165,000m 3. Angular
coarse aggregate will be used; the pavement will be opened to traffic
after 14 days.
a. How many quality bags of cement will be required for Class
A concrete?
b. How many quality tests are required for the cement?
c. How many quality and grading tests each are required for the
coarse and fine aggregates?
d. How many sets of concrete beam samples will be required?
Answers:
a. ___________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________
c. ___________________________________________________
d. ___________________________________________________