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Facilitation Technique Category: Moral Development

Activity Title: Play it out
Source: Jenna Maisto
Equipment: Index cards, chairs
Activity Description: The purpose of this activity is for the participant to
engage in discussion about the scenario being played out by their peers to
encourage moral development. This activity requires a group of 8-16 people.
Everyone will be seating in a big circle. The leader of the group will have
index cards with different scenarios on them. Two people will go at a time
picking a scenario/dilemma to act out in the center of the circle. The
facilitator would then ask give the group probing questions. For example, one
scenario: Clarissa and Maria attend a dance. While in the bathroom they
noticed some girls drinking alcohol. Maria decides to participate in the
drinking. A teacher catches all of them making Clarissa guilty by association.
The teacher asks Clarissa who was participating in the drinking The group
will then be asked to discuss/answer a series of question involving,
clarification, issue-related probes, an alternative dilemma and interactive
probes. Everyone in the group will take turns in pairs role playing a different
Leadership Consideration: The CTRS would function as the facilitator.
They need to have knowledge in the developmental process of Moral
reasoning (Datillo 2015). They are also responsible for making sure that the
discussion between the group members encourage moral development and

self-reflection. They need to address all issues if the discussion goes off topic
or is contradicting the purpose of the activity.
Adaptations for participants with substance abuse: The first
adaptation for a person with substance abuse is for the CTRS to conduct an
interview prior to the activity to find out what they are comfortable and not
comfortable with. The most important thing is that the participant feels safe
in a social, emotional and physical aspect (Porter 2015). Also, the facilitator
should ask leading questions which would pertain to a person with substance
abuse to initiate moral growth. For example, the discussion would talk about
how purple leisure such as drinking, could lead to bad decisions (addiction),
drinking and driving and the health risk.
Adaptions for people with Bi-polar disorder: Some symptoms of bipolar disorder include mood swings, anger and low motivation to participate.
One adaption would be for the facilitator to pay close attention to make sure
everyone is talking during the discussion. The activity will only have a
positive outcome to the goal if everyone participates. For low motivation, you
could have them be the one to read the probing questions that are on an
index card to start of the group discussion. Reducing the size of the group
could also initiate motivation to participate. The facilitator needs to pay close
attention to any non-verbal body language that serves as a warning signs for
mood swings, or anger, this way she can steer the discussion a different
direction or pause the activity for everyone to collect their thoughts and

Adaptions References:
NIMH Bipolar Disorder. (n.d.). Retrieved October 12, 2016, from
Porter, H. R. (2015). Recreational therapy for specific diagnoses and
Dattilo, J. (2000). Facilitation techniques in therapeutic recreation (3rd ed.).
State College, PA: